The anniml meeting of the Idaho
Society of Engineers was held ut Twin
Fnlls lust week as part of the big
Bingham county has sent $4000 for
Armenians relief. This is the first
county in Idaho'to "go over the top"
In the campaign to raise $30,000,000 in
the United States for relief in the
Sergt. Orville Jackson, mentioned in
the casualty list as severely wounded,
has sent his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
G. F. Jackson at Middleton, a German
helmet The helmet and letters were
mailed from Germany.
The triplets of Mrs. Thomas Moran
of Boise, which have caused so much
attention on the part of Idaho people
ever since their birth, are all sick with
Influenza. Mr. Moran's husband is
serving with the army In France.
Approximately 10,000 acres of Lem
hi county farm and ranch land changed
hands In 1918, the total aggregate price
being. somewhere near $460,000. There
were 'some 50 farms in the list and the
average price paid was $46 an acre.
Ernest Merrlfleld, who was arrested
for forgery some time ago, pleaded
guilty to the offense In the district
court at Caldwell and was given an in
determinate sentence of from one to
14 years In the state penitentiary.
Boise Are fighters are now full
fledged union members. They now
have their charter from the Interna
tional Association of Fire Fighters, and
the local union is to be known as Boise
Fire Fighters' union local No. 149.
Ada County Council of Defense Is
lending its approval to the coming
drive In which It is planned to raise
$8000 for the relief of Armenian, Sy
rian and other refugees of western
Asia who have been made destitute by
Governor D. W. Davis' contract with
the Idaho Power company, through
which his home at American Falls was
'supplied with electricity, is not dis
criminatory, according to a decision an
nounced by the public utilities com
The report of the Pocatello post
office shows the sum of $112,734 in
savings deposits in the local office as
compared with $37,756 deposited on
last January 1. During the month of
December alone $31,290 was deposited
end only $2,440 withdrawn.
Influenza conditions are so serious at
Kellogg that all public gatherings and
schools have been put under the ban
by order of the board of health. No
gatherlngs of any nature in excess of
six adults at any one place is permit
ted under penalty of arrest.
Officers of the Southern Idaho Wool
groweft' association elected at the
Twin Falls convention were as fol
President, Joseph Seaver,
j Castieford, Idaho; vice president, I. P.
Edwards, Kimberley; secretary-treas-1
urer, H. H. Schildman,* Filer.
There have been a total of 24 fatal
ities in Lemhi county from Influenza,
18 of which occurred at Salmon City.
This Is a result of several hundred
cases which have been reported In the
county since the first outbreak of the
disease, about the middle of October.
J. W. Keefe, a Boise accountant, has
been appointed chief clerk in the game
warden's office by Otto M. Jones,
warden. Keefe was prominent among
the applicants for the position of
warden, and had the indorsement of a
large number of sportsmen of the
The Idaho Irrigation congress is to
back a bill in the legislature which
creates a bureau' of water rights for
the administration of the waters of
the state, to be composed of three
members, appointed by the governor,
who are to serve nine-year terms at
salaries of $7500 per annum.
Tentative announcement of the pro
gram planned for the general sessions
of the Inland Empire Teachers' asso
ciation meeting which will be held in
Spokane April 2, 3, and 4 has been
made by Miss Ethel E. Redfield, Idaho
superintendent of schools and presi
dent of the Inland association.
Efforts to secure a half-million ad
dltional endowment for the College of
Itluho •are progressing satisfactorily
according to Dr. Charles L. Chalfant,
the vice president who is chalrifian of
the campaign committee. Of the $150,
O00 quota for southern Idaho and east
■ern Oregon $121,000 has been sub
The ushering In of the Greek new
jrear at Pocatello was the cause of
wholesale arrests by the police in
Greek quarters on gambling charges.
A general roundup by members of the
police and sheriff's forces resulted In
thirty-seven arrests, and in each case
the participants of the "poker" games
were caught redhanded.
The Secretary of the Ada
Council of Defense and of the county
bureau for getting work for returned
soldiers, has sent out letters to all sec
tor captains requesting them to can
vans their sectors to search out any
positions open for returned soldiers
and also to get the names of any re
turned soldiers who are hunting work.
Idaho state council of defense will
give recognition to those that have
died in the service. Large certificates
of recognition of death In the service
with a message of condolence will
shortly be sent to_.those nearest of kin.
Draft registrants who believe that
their classification as deserters is un»
merited may now take tjjelr cases be
fore their local boards for review with
some hope of relief. 'This Is the in
formation contained In a telegram re
celved Inst week at the office of Adjo
taut General Wilson from Provost
Marshal General Orowder.
FEDERAL DRY UV
WILL BE 8ALOONLES8 NATION
WITHIN YEAR AS RESULT
OF THIS ACTION.
Thirty-eight Commonwealths Ratify
Prohibition Proposals, While
Other States Are Expected
to Fall Into Line.
Washlngton.—Ratification on Janu
ary 16 of the federal constitutional
prohibition amendment made the
United States the first great power
take legislative action to permanently
stop the liquor traffic.
Nebraska's vote gave the necessary
affirmative three-fourths majority
the states to make effective the amend
ment submitted by congress in Decem
ber, 1917. It was followed by similar
action in the legislatures of Missouri
and Wyoming, making thirty-eight
states in all which have approved
"dry" America. -
Affirmative action by some of the
ten state legislatures yet to act is pre
dicted by prohibition advocates.
Under the terms of the amendment
the manufacture, sale and Importation
of intoxicatltg liquors must cease one
year after ratification, but prohibition
will be a fact in every state much
earlier because of the war measure for
bidding the manufacture and sale of
alcoholic beverages after June 30, un
til the demobilization of the military
forces Is contemplated. Under the war
time measure, exportation of liquor
permitted, but the great stocks now
held in bonded warehouses will have
to be disposed of before the federal
amendment becomes effective.
Discussion as to whether the new
amendment becomes a part of the con
stitution now that thirty-six states
have ratified It or whether it becomes
a part of the basic law only when
each state has certified its action to
the secretary of state led to a search
for precedent, which showed that the
only two amendments ratified In the
last half century, providing for in
come taxes and direct election of sen
ators, were considered effective tomne
diately the thirty-sixth state had taken
; affirmative action,
j hibltion amendment, held -that na
tional prohibition becomef a perma
nent fact January 16, 1920.
Senator Sheppard, author of the pro
La Follette's Speech Not Disloyal.
Washington.—By a vote of 50 to 21,
the senate on January 16 adopted a
'resolution recommended by a majority
of the privileges and elections commlt
tee, dismissing disloyalty charges
brought against Senator La Follette of
Wisconsin by the Minnesota public
safety committee because of his speech
tin the war delivered before the Non
partisan league at St. Paul, Minn.,
September 20, 1917.
Police 8catter Marching Men.
Seattle, Wash.—Approximately 500
persons, leaving an open-air mass
meeting and starting a parade through
the city's business district singing
I. W. W. songs, were dispersed Thurs
day night by twenty mounted police
officers, supported by five automobiles
containing police armed with carbines,
and behind these a platoon of police
Postpone Reorganization Plana.
Washington.—The house military
committee practically reached an
agreement in conference with Secre
tary Baker and General March, chief
of staff, to postpone the war depart
men reorganization bill until the next
session of congress, and with it a large
part of the prospective debate over the
future lgllltary policy of the country.
Hdlfand Town Under Guard.
Amsterdam.—In view of rumors of
the impending outbreak of a revolution
In Holland, the Het Volk says military
guards have been placed before the
town hall and telegraph office at Ley
den, which is about midway between
Amsterdam and Rotterdam.
Woman 8layer Sent to Prison.
Chicago.—Mrs. Hilda Exlund was
found guilty of the murder of her hus
band and sentenced to fourteen years
prison, the first woman to be con
victed here of such a crime for a long
period. She stabbed her husband with
Williams to Stay.
Washington.—Renomination of John
Skelton Williams as comptroller of the
currency when his term expires Feb
ruary 2 will be recommended by Secre
Protesllaus at Vladivostok.
Ottawa, Ont.—The military depart
ment has announced the safe arrival
Valdivoetok of the troop ship, Pro
tesilaus, recently reported In distress.
Government Returning Vessels
New York.—All American ships
which were requisitioned by the United
States shipping board during the war
have been released to their owners,
with the exception of those actually
engaged In army service.
Victory Liberty Loan NexL
Washington.—The name of the next
loan will be "The Victory Liberty
,01111," Secretary Glass announced
'inn's'lay. The exact date In the spring
chon it Is to be floated has net boon
RACIAL BLENDINGS IN SYRIA
8o Many Nation* Hava Overrun tha
Country That No One Race Can
Syria, the region extending from the
Taurus mountains to Egypt and from
the desert to "the great sea," Is the
land of the patriarchs and prophets
and apostles—"the Holy Land." Its
population numbers about three and
one-half million of Semitic origin,
speaking the Arabic language, and yet
with so many races Intermingled
through the centuries of the various
conquests and occupations that the
people cannot claim any one race as
their own. Greek, Roman and Euro
pean crusader, all have blended with
the sclent Semitic stock to produce the
Syrians of today.
In Syria was the one green spot
of Turke^—the Lebanon mountains. In
1860, because of the massacres, the
European powers insisted that these
mountains be made autonomous. And
since that date this little district has
been a living demonstration of what
the people of the land are capable of
The steep mountain sides have been
terraced to a height of 4,000 feet and
planted to olives, figs and vines. Taxes
have been low, safety to person and
property secured, good roads built and
kept In repair.* The people have con
structed ..more comfortable homes and
have sent their sons to schools and col
The story of the achievements of
the Lebanon and Its sons during these
60 years of autonomy would be a thrill
ing narrative in itself.
KEEP COOL AND KEEP WELL
Some Point* of Importance to Be Re
membered When an Epidemic Is
Threatening Public Health.
At Its worst any epidemic takes but
a relatively small toll of the popula
tion, and as a rule .the majority of
people are resistant to the assaults of
the worst disease germs, including In
fluenza, If they but take ordinary care
Whatever medical science may advise
as to prevention or as to treatment,
one simple fact that outweighs every
thing else Is that If every Individual
will but follow the normal life he has
led, eat those things that are suited to
his system, things he has always eaten
with resulting good health, rest and
sleep as usual and avoid overfatigue
while carrying on his work, also as
usual, he will escape the pestilence.
There Is no excuse for any panic,
Above all, the Individual should re
member that the first and last rule to
follow In this state of things Is to keep
cool and keep well. For the man who
will keep cool will keep well, and the
man who keeps well and has all his
faculties about him will keep cool.
This Is no time for official or Individ
ual or collective hysteria.—Philadel
phia Public Ledger.
This Is important
It makes no difference who adminis
ters the extravagance or how high the
purpose Is, extravagance Is an evil In
ItselfT There is somewhat In the very
fact that invites venality and corrup
tion. The very sight of a great pile
of money excites desire that too often
finds some way for satisfying Itself.
The papers are full of Instances of
this kind. In fact, we could write a
pretty good history of the country If
we limited our narrative to graft and
grabbing only, and yet much of It Is
overlooked because It Is usual and ex
pected. Extravagance has made many
an unearned fortune and It Is doing as
much these days, especially In govern
ment contracts. This country should
hasten to apply the doctrine that an
overcharge Is a crime and that profit
eering Is treason. There Is nothing
that so destroys the democratic level
of a nation, whether It appears on the
heights or In the depths.—Ohio 8tate
8trlke That Failed.
Labor strikes were frequent even
In the earliest recorded days. An
important strike occurred in Egypt
during the reign of Cheops, several
thousand years before the Christian
era. While the great pyramid
erected in honor of that monarch was
In course of construction It is stated
that 50.000 workmen refused to con
tinue their labors. They were dis
satisfied with the food furnished to
them, which was Insufficient In quan
tity and poor In quality. Argument
proving useless on the part of the
contractors, soldiers were ordered to
drive the strikers back to work, and
many thousands of them were cut to
pieces, while those who could escape
fled. The others were compelled to re
sume their labor.
Dogs In Roumanla.
Each nation looks upon the dog In
different way, but the dogs of war
and the dogs of peace (of a pastoral
and agricultural people like the Rou
manians) areJbeyond doubt the intel
ligentsia of their kind. A little far
ther east he was sometimes held In
fear, and an old Babylonian prayer
runs thus: "From the dog, the snake,
the scorpion, and whatever Is baleful,
mny Merodach preserve us." ... On
the other hand, on some of the won
derful bas-reliefs of that period, our
four-footed friends have been grate
fully Immortalized, and their names
remain written thereon to this day—
"He who ran and barked." "The biter
hls foes." "The selzer of hls ene
mies." But here In Roumanla "slayer
the wolf," "the friend of sheep," be
tokens a less disinterested path In
RETRIBUTION ON GERMANS FOR
MURDER AND ILL TREATMENT
OF ALLIED PRISONERS.
Machinery and Goods Stolen by the
Huns from France and Belgium to
be Given up.—All the Boats to
✓ be Turned Over.
London.—The new armistice terms tc
be presented Germany by Marshal
Foch are unofficially stated here to
include the following:
First—Retribution upon the Ger
mans for the murder and ill-treatment
of allied prisoners.
Second—The machinery and goods
stolen by Germany from France and
Belgium to be at once given up. It
Is pointed out France alone has 500,000
men who will be out of work until this
machinery Is returned.
Third—German gold, amounting to
more than £100,000,000, to be moved
from Berlin to a safe place, probably
Frankfort, and protected from Bol
shevism to Germany en route. Certain
other property to be surrendered.
Fourth—Germany to give over her
shipping, of which she is believed to
have 4,000,000 tons, to carry food sup
plies to countries in Europe In need ol
Fifth—Any U-boats on the stocks to
be handed to the allies for their dis
posal, or to be destroyed and nb more
submarines should be built.
NEW OUTBREAK IS POSSIBLE
Situation Exists in Europe Under..
Which War May Break Out Again.
London.—The Central News declares
that as a result of the allied discus
sions in Paris, the whole aspect of
demobilization has undergone a sud
den and vital change, this being shown
in tha drastic conditions demanded of
Germany for a renewal of the armis
"On authority of an unimpeachable
character," says the ^Central News, "It
can be stated that a situation exists In
Europe under which war may break
out again at any moment. The allied
war council has arrived at a decision
which means that-the British people
have mistaken the appearance of peace
for reality. This decision means that
the new British ministry must revise
the whole scheme of army demobiliza
"The decision is that Great Britain,
In proportion to Its military strength,
must maintain an army of occupation
on the Rhine for many months. If the
rapid Increase In demobilization re
cently announced were continued, there
would in a few months be no army
In France to undertake the obligations
placed upon British shoulders.
MOLA88E8 KILL8 ELEVEN.
Huge Tank Explodes and Wrecks
Boston.—Eleven persons are known
to have been killed and about fifty In
jured by the explosion of a huge tank
of molasses on the water front on
Wednesday. Eight bodies were re
moved from the wreckage and three
men died at the Relief hospital. Most
of thoes Injured suffered only from
A. BRUCE BIELASKI .
r ew photograph of A. Bruce Biel
a*ki, chief of the bureau of Investiga
tion of the department of Justice, who
been telling much of the doings of
German agents and their friends In
Warns Against Extravagance.
Washington.— A warning against ex
travagance In appropriations was
voiced in the senate Wednesday during
discussion of an amendment to the
census bill increasing the director's
salary from $6000 to $7500.
Shipyard Strike in Washington.
Alierdeen, Wash.—One thousand
workers, representing twelve unions
affiliated with the metal workers,
walked out' Wednesday in two ship
yards here and ope In Hoqulam, Wash.
men object to the Macy award.
DIRE MENACE TO TRAVELER
Stinging Tree of Queensland la, Fre
quently Fatal to Unobservlng or
Too Careless Hunter.
Although the tropical shrubs of
Queensland are luxuriant and beauti
ful, they are not without their dan
gerous drawbacks, for there is one
plant umong them that Is deadly In Its
effects. This Is the stinging tree. If
a certain portion of the traveler's body
Is burned by the stinging tree death
"Sometimes while shooting turkeys
in the scrubs I have entirely forgotten
the stinging tree till warned of Its
b ? 'a Tf" *",*
once stung, and that very lightly. Its
effects are curious; It leaves no mark,
but the pain is maddening, and for
months afterward the part • when
touched Is tender, in rainy weather or
when It gets wet in washing.
"I have seen a man who treats ordi
nary pain lightly roll on the ground In
agony after being stung, md I have
known a horse so completely mad,
after getting Into a prove of these
trees, that he rushed open-mouthed at
everyone who approached him and had
to be shot. Dogs, when stung, will
rush about whining piteously, biting
pieces from the affected part. The
small stinging treed 1 , a few inches high,
are as dangerous as any, being hard
to see and seriously Impeding one's
The stinging tree emits a peculiar
^nd disagreeable smell. It is best
known, however, by Its leaf, which Is
nearly round nnd has a point at the
urinsnn .. 1(> , _
HEADGEAR OF ALL FASHIONS
In the Revolutionary War the Hats
Worn by the Soldiers Were of
In our past wars there were no such
things as flying shrapnel, or airplanes
that dropped darts of steel on the
soldiers below, so American soldiers
wore ordinary army hats. But modern
warfare has made It necessary that
soldiers wear helmets of steel.
In the Revolutionary war our sol
diers' hats were of many designs. One
of the most common was the "cocked"
hat, made of black or brown felt and
turned up on the sides to form three
corners. The Virginia riflemen wore
brown felt hats with one side turned
up, and the Maryland riflemen brown
The hat generally worn by the New
Fork rangers or rifleman .was of black
felt, cap shaped, turned up In front,
with a plume. Sometimes words were
marked on the front, such as "Liber
ty." "Death," etc. Soldiers in the
cavalry or "light horse" of Philadel
phia wore sportsmen's caps, ornament
ed with bucks' tails.
Hats worn by the First Governors' j
foot guards of Connecticut were close
ly modeled after those of the British
Grenadiers. They were of black fur,
cap shaped, with a piece of yellow felt h
In front On the side they were deco
rated with a red plume. Privates In
the Pennsylvania companies wore j
braid-bound hats. The dragoons wore
The. traveling showman was waxing
eloquent as he described the charac
teristics of hls wild horse from Tar
"Ladles and gents," he said, "this
hanlmal Is a real terror. If there's
any gent in this comp'ny as fancies
hlsself as a rider, Til give him five
pounds for every minute he sticks on
this hoss. I've rid bosses all my life, ,
but this hoss Is beyond me. I've tried I
'im every way, but 'e shakes me off
The showman waited until the I
laughter had* died down. I
"My lad," he said, wltheringly, "I've
thought of that. But nature has been I
unkind to 'im In the matter of mouth; I
ain't big enough. Nbw, If It 'ad al
been yours—" I
But the humorist did not wait to
hear the logical ^conclusion of the
"Why not get Inside him?" queried
Naval Nicknames. ■
Curious nicknames are applied to I
vessels of the British navy. The
Ariadne Is known as the "Hairy An
nle," or "Haggy Agonythe Nards- |
sus, as "Nasty Sister;" the Cressy
Greaser;" the Inconstant
the "Inkstand," the Iphlgenia
the "Silly Jane;" the Lucjfer as I
"Match Box;" the Hecate as the I
"He Cat," or "The Tom," and the Nep
tune as the "Jew's Harp." In the ers
American navy similar nicknames
have been used to some extent. The |
Sassacus was known as the "Sassy
Cuss;" the Miantonomoh as "My Aunt
Don't Know;" the Wlssahlckon as the
"Widow Higgins;" the Winnebago or h n
perhaps the Wyalluslng as "We Know i t8
Goes Slow." Chicago Daily News. I u
Would Be Lonely.
A little friend of mine is quite a mis
chievous little boy, and after a day
play with the boys of the neighbor- I
hls conduct is not always every
thing his mother could wish. But he
quite a lovable little chap, too, and
one day showing hls affection for
mother In true boy fashion, with
and kisses. Hls father looked
approvingly and said: "That Is good,
That Is the way I like to see my |
Can't you always play nicely and tbe
good?" The answer voiced the feel
of Young America; "Sure, I can,
I Warsaw.—A pogrom Is reported to
have tttken P«»<» at Bredltschew.
hnve been lnore bltter 'y hated because
| of thelr alle « ed Bolshevist tendencies
and also their employment by the Bol
shevik! as spies in many cases, they
.being the only intelligent or educated
lntruments obtainable for this work.
TROUBLE REPORTED TO HAVE
OCCURRED FOLLOWING AT
TEMPT TO DISARM JEWS.
Believed That Outbreak Was Result of
Suspicion That Victims Had Acted
as Spies for the Bolsheviki
During Recent Months.
ularly known as the Jewish cupital of
the Ukraine, the pluce deriving Its title
because of its all-Jewlsh population.
The trouble \is reported to have oc
curred as a result of an attempt by
peasants to disarm militia which, the
Jews were organizing for their pro
tection in all centers, which they an
ticipated. would be necessary when the
Moscow government breaks up.
Reports received here give the num
ber of persons killed as several hun
dred, while other hundreds are de
I dared to have been wounded.
It is considered here that the Con
trol of Petlura, the Ukranian leader,
has weakened, as otherwise he would
not have permitted the pogrom, bis
policy previously having been to pro
tect the Jews when possible..
It is pointed out that the Jews lutely
THIRTY 8TATES IN LINE.
Only 8lx More Needed to 8ecure Na
Chicago.—Seven states on January
114 completed ratification of the pro 1
„ , ,,, , , _ .
at,onal Worker8 De,ense league to
declde upon a p,an of actIon t0 ob '
taln new trial8 for Thomas J - Mooney
aad Warren Billings, now serving life
terms for murder in connection with
hibltion constitutional amendment and
brought the number taking such action
to thirty. The number necessary for
ratification Is thirty-six.
Alabama, Arkansas, California, Illi
nois, Indiana, Kansas and North Caro
lina were the states that completed
The states which thus far have rat
ified the amendment are:
Kentucky^ Virginia, Mississippi,
South Carolina, North Dakota, Mary
land, Montana, Arizona, Delaware,
Texas, South Dakota, Massachusetts,
Georgia, Louisiana, Florida, Michigan,
Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Idaho,
Maine, West Virginia, Washington,
California, Indiana, Arkansas, Illinois,
North Carolina, Kansas and Alabama.
Socialists Barred by MeeneyKes.
Chicago.—Socialists and members of
the I. W. W. made an unsuccessful at
tempt to gain control of the National
Labor congress called by the Inter
the San Francisco Preparedness day
parade bomb outrage in July, 1916.
Americans in Russia Healthy.
Washington.—Col. George E. Stew
art, commanding the American troops
In the Archangel sector of Russia, In a
message received at the war depart
ment under date of January 11, re
ported that he had made a personal
tour of the wide front over which the
Americans are scattered and found the
ef * u pment arap e -
general health, discipline, clothing and
Jumped From Runaway Balloon.
Chathamr Mass.—The engine of a
Blimp balloon, sent up from the naval
av * atlon camp here to take photo
Kraphs of the camp, stalled In the air,
and lts four occupants, after being
ca rrled to Nauset beach, jumped to
safety. When the men jumped, the
!*hip was only about thirty feet
above the beach.
Peasants Rebel Against Reds.
Stockholm.—A violent peasant rising
the Interior of Russia against the
imposition of excessive taxes by the
Bolsheviki, and against the "commit
tees for fighting poverty" which ex
erc,8ed a t J rrann,Cttl dictatorship In
tbe vllla 8 aa > *■ reported,
the war, there will be no let-up In the
movement to have women take more
interest In farming, according to speak
before the^woman's land army of
America, which concluded Its first an
nual convention here Wednesday.
Farmerettes Hope of Nation.
Philadelphia.—Despite the ending of
Pastors' Salaries to be Increased.
New York.—The Presbyterian church
the United States has provided In
1919 budget for a fund of a mil
n dollars to Increase the salaries of
those among Its pastors who are not
considered adequately paid.
New York.—George R. Sheldon, fin
ancter and former treasurer of the
Republican national committee, died
Tuesday at Carbondale, Bl., of Injuries
received In a mine accident recently
h*° Advance In Clothes Prices,
Chicago.—Conservative members of
Na t ional Association of Retail
Clothiers, who opened a peace-time re
adjustment conference Tuesday, de
c,ttred that there will be no advance In
price of clothing for 1919.
8heldon'a Injuries Fatal.
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