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The Idaho Republican. [volume] (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1904-1932, January 21, 1919, Image 3

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jULUIUaj 1X1 itlVJ
Mr. and Mrs. Varian E. Hale re
cently received the following letter
from their brother Arden D. Hale,
who is with the American forces In
December, 15, 1918.
My dear brother, sister and niece:
I Just received your letter of Nov.
10 and was sure glad to hear from
you, but sorry I cannot be there for
(jnristmas dinner.
If I were I would sure make tne
chickens suffer. Just hang on to
some of them. They may not be too
tough before I arrive on the secene;
.at least 1 hope not.
Well, the big day has arrived, the
landing of President Wilson in Brest,
France, on Dec. 13. It is an
that will go down in history. All the
ordered to
Eighth division wore
brest to do guard duty while the pre
sident and his party were on parade.
The place chosen for the big recep
tion was a park overlooking^ the
Brest Bay, being about a mile in
length and one of the Prettiest drives
you can see anywhere. Rows of trees
on both sides and ropes were streched
. on both sides and prettily decorated.
I have never seen anything that com
pared with the dock and all the
streets he passed thru. ._
All ships at the harbor were decar
^ the allied colors with the
did U. S. A. stars and stripes
Some of tne
ated in
floating above the rest. ._
flags has President Wilson s picture
on one end. ...
The main drive was decorated with
evergreens and flags. Hanging across
the drive every hundred yards were
a few of the following slogans.
Viva Wilson, the Apostle of liberty
"Welcome Wilson, the Man °f World
Wide Peace"; "Hurrah for Wilson,
the Liberator of all People and
many more. One side was printed in
English and the other in French.
And another thing, the movies were
on the scene doing theirduty. If
they ever come to Blackfoot take
time to look at them and on the
right side half way down stands/Pri
vate Arden D. Hale, formerly of
Blackfoot, Idaho, but now with the
A 0 E n one ofThe highest places over
looking the harbor, the French
erected a statue of liberty consisting
of a wooden frame lighted with
colored electric lights and just be
low a large W meaning Wodrow Wll
And now to proceed with the land
ing parade at 1.30. The president s
salute was given. Perhaps you know
what it is, but. I shall tell you any
way. It is done by firing twenty-one
guns; they weren't 22 caliber shots
either. At 2.15 p. "-the party
started thru the drive led by Presi
dent Wilson's car, which was open.
He looked right at me. (I think he
knew I was related to mother Ha.
Ha!) Following was General Persh
ing in a Sedan. After all our Ameri
can cars with officers passed, the pre
sident of France and his staff passed.
Our orders were, "Do not salute, but
stand at attention as you never stood
before," and we did. At last Presi
dent Wilson inquired as to what or
ganization gave such a splendid ap
pearance. He was told it was the
Eighth Infantry of the eighth divis
On all bulletin boards over the
Barracks were billed the
Pontenzen „ _ ..
thanks and appreciation of President
Wilson, General Pershing, General
Helmuck of the Eighth Division and
Colonel Kerk, camp commander for
our appearance and duty as guards.
Yesterday afternoon company G
were called out to have our pictures
fgr the paper, so watch and you may
see it. There was a sort of joke
about it We marched down to Brest
and all lined up, company front, in
the street expecting to see a man
come out with a camera, when our
company commander came out from
interviewing the photographer and
said "Stand with one foot in place.
It will take about fifty minutes as he
is going to paint it." Just think of a
man painting a whole company in
fifty minutes and he standing at the
top of a three-story building looking
out of a window. Alas! It was
done. I am anxious to see what it
looks like.
This afternoon l have to go
guard again. I have it every other
day now, but it isn't so bad. We go
at three and guard until three
the next day.
You said I would never see the
front and many others said I would
France, but I have and am
I wouldn't have missed
never see
proud of It. T
this trip for a whole lot, altho I am
anxious now to get back to the states
and I think every real American is
the same. I'll follow the slogan,
"See American first." It is far ahead
of this country, especially when one
is broke. We haven't had a pay day
since the first of October; just one
in all my army life, now going on
five months. xl _, 4 . „
I sure will have something to tell
you when I get home, or back to
God's country, as Colonel Kirk says.
I would so much like to see all my
little nieces and nephews and little
brothers, in fact all of you.
I only have time to write once a
week, so let all read this and tell
them all to write often and may God
ever bless you all.
Your loving brother,
Co. G. 8th Infantry A .P. O. 7.16, A.
E. F., France via New York.

The Bishop of Verdun.
St Vanne, or Vltonlus, died Novem
ber 9, 1525. A celebrated congrega
tion of reformed Benedictines in Lor
raine, formed in the abbey of St
Vanne in Verdun, in 1604, took him for
patron, and from the famous abbey
and that of Moyen-Moustler, dedicated
in honor of St. Hydulphus, bears the
of St. .Vanne and St. Hydulphus.
Many In France desired to accede to
the reform, blit on account of the wars
then gristin g, a union was thought too
A reform under the same
plan was set ofl foot In France, under
the name of the Congregation of St
Maur, and began in the abbey of St
Austin in Limoges in 1613, and con
firmed by Gregory XV, in 1627, which
now comprises 185 abbeys and pri
♦ 1 ♦ 14 W -» 1 ♦ i ♦ I I ♦ I ♦ 1 + b » l +4
All work at the schools is progress
ing very nicely at the present time.
The school nurse turned in a report
Friday that indicated a much better
condition all thru the schools the
last of the week than the first. The
attendance has scarcely attained the
normal condition as yet, but most
absentees are traced to colds or other
ailments than influenza. In the en
tire school enrollment there are just
two cases of flu.
The commercial department is
undergoing a few advantageous
changes In the location of rooms. A
door-way cut at the right of the com
mercial room proper, serves as an
entrance way into the typwriting
room which has been moved to the
old labatory room on the north of
the main department. There are
nine typewriters in constant opera
tion each period of the day and an
unusual effort is being made to pro
mote rythem among the student typ
ists. To encourage rythem writing
a Victor phonograph operates while
the students keep time to it on their
machines. Beginners get" in one beat
as they get further along they get in
two and three beats. The work is
very facinating and each Friday
speed tests are conducted. In this
way pupils as well as teachers can
keep a check on their work and thus
determine whether they are making
advancement as rapidly as should be.
A door-way to the left serves as the
1 he room to the left that formerly
served as the typing room is being re
modeled and arranged to serve as a
bank. This will enable bookkeping
students to get l he actual practice
that they will meet in the business
world. One division will serve as a
commission and freight room and
students taking part two and three in
bookkeeping will have charge of this
division. Mr. Larsen, the janitor
was engaged in painting the new rail
ings a restful green.
The management has made these
changes in order to give students
thoro training in vocational work.
Three months before a student is to
graduate he or she will be required
to do a month's work at some local
business house that they may fully
understand practical and actual busi
ness operations. The business man
for whom they work must keep a
dose check on their work and report
the weaknesses to the teachers. If
they prove inaccurate in figures or
Imperfect in spelling special drill
work will be administered along
these lines. It is impossible to du
plicate actual business in school work
unless some plan of this nature is
At the high school there is an
actual attendance of 297 upils which
means an enrollment of over 300. In
order to seat all in the assembly it
was necessary to move the seats to
gether in rows of two and thereby
make room for a few additional rows
of seats. An audiance of 600 can
be comfortably seated by placing
chairs in the aisles.'
Classes are being conducted in the
new technical building regularly
now. Mr. Richmond, the manual
training professor has a full class
each period in the day. High school
students do their work in the morn
ings and the afternoon is devoted to
grade classes. When the new ma
chinery arrives the work benches
will be rearranged so the machinery
can be stationed near the windows to
Insure ample light. However, the
new, modern machines will not be
here in time tor installation this sea
The lumber room is convenietly
located near the outside door and
drays hauling the lumber oan drive
up closely and prevent any unneces
sary long lifts. The room is so com
pactly arranged that two car loads of
lumber can be stored without crowd
ing it to its utmost capacity. Be
fore any pupil commences work on
any article he is required to make a
drawing, or scale and work from the
outlined plan. Materials are so ar
ranged that each student must learn
the names and sizes of various
screws and other miscellaneous hard
ware articles. When in need of a
certain article he makes application
for the same by stating size etc.
There are numerous articles in the
sand papering and gluing room that
will soon be completed. The grade
students have finished some very nice
articles along the line of corner
shelves knife and fork trays, trinket
boxes and shelves. The work of high
school students in the manual train
ing department consists mainly of
making cedar chests, chairs, library
tables and wardrobes. One student
is completing a very unique lamp
shade and stand.
The radtation in the varnishing
room is kept at a much higher de
gree than in the other rooms; the
temperature ranging from 85 to 90
degrees. The students are working
on a new method of varnishing that
is very pretty and attractive. It is
done by burning the wood with a
torch until it becomes the right
variety of shaded browns,
one coat of stain and several of var
nish are applied the effect Is very
Two entranc ways, one at the right
for girls and one at the left for boys
admits you into the spacious recep
tion room which will soon have added
to its already tasty decorations,
specimans of the work done in the«
sealing and drawing departments,
SWable pieces of furniture will be
added when completed by manual
training students.
Classes in sewing operate each
day in the well lighted sewing room
on the southeast corner.- Chests of
drawers or lockers are compactly
built in on two sides of this room,
where each girl keeps her individual
work. An electric iron and cord is
ready at all times for pressing seams
and hems of garments being made by
the young ladles.
All the necessaries for the cooking
room have not been installed as yet
so that part of the work has not been
commenced. A cafeteria lunch will
be prepared and served each school
day by the various classes as soon as
that division gets to working. The
lunch room will comfortably seat
thirty patrons and if more room is
needed the sewing room to the right
will serve as a dining room also. In
noted port of wandefvers
Samara, on the Volga, Long the Lure
of Nomadic People—Ita
Past History.
Samara, the Volga port, seems to
offer a peculiar significance for the
wanderers of the world. Through the
years, says The Villager, the district
has been an especial lure for nomadic
peoples; the fierce tribe of Bulgars
occupied it until the thirteenth cen
tury and were followed by the Mon
gols, and when the power of the Gol
den Horde had waned the Volga bank
was still ravaged by Bashkirs, Kal
mucks and Nogal Tartars; the insti
tution of the city of Samara itself was
for the protection of the 'Russian em
pire's frontiers against the depreda
tions of these nomadic marauders
from the steppes.
In the effort to stablize this border
region and make it a solid bulwark.
Catherine II offered Germans of
Wuertemburg and Baden special priv
ileges for settlement here; today as
much German as Russian may be.
heard in the streets of Samara.
Yet, after all the centuries of effort,
the city is again swept by wanderers,
fighting hordes who know no military
"base," gypsy warriors who have trav
ersed the Siberian expanse without
baggage and without plan of cam
paign, with no orders save their own
impulse, with no responsibilities save
their own purpose; their exploit will
go down into history with full as much
picturesqueness as that of Genghiz
Kahn's followers and with far more
Macedonian Shepherd* Have Firm Be
lief In the Existence of Creatures
of a Lower World.
A Macedonian shepherd, tending his
flocks in the high pastures, sets off
on his rounds in the morning, and finds
several of his sheep mangled about the
neck, dying or dead. He hastens to
the nearest village and spreads the aw
ful news—Vampires!
Now. n vampire may only be seen
by certain gifted people, and these
make it their life's business to destroy
them. Their usual fee is about sixty
dollars. So the shepherd hastens to
a vampire killer, and this man takes
do\^n his long musket, loads it, and
rams down a holy wafer on top of
the charge. He puts on a long sheep
skin coat and sets out for the hills.
Just before dawn he will be heard
to fire a single shot. At daybreak he
shows the shepherd a pool of blood.
That is the dead vampire, for a vam
pire is all blood, and, being shot, of
course resolves intd a <pooil of blood.
A vampire slayer is treated with
great deference by his neighbors. He
Is a power In the land. But In all
villages there is usually one scoffer;
one man who can read, or, perhaps,
lias traveled outside his native land.
He laughs when you mention vampires,
and talks of wolves and dogs that have
run amuck. He even hints that it is
possible to hide a bladder filled with
blood beneath the long sheepskin coat
the slayer wears. There is bad feeling
between the vampire slayer and this
scoffer. They pass each other without
Brand New Head.
"What a good head the baby has,"
exclaimed Aunt Madge, who had come
all the way from Anderson just to see
the new baby in Ashland avenue.
"He'll be president, sure."
"It ougli
•ft!,. I f Mr r
if 1
about concluded to permit the vari
ous classes to conduct properly
chaperoned dances In the new build
lng. If the students will co-operate
with the authorities for a short time
and refrain from attending dances
during the influenza epidemic they
will soon be tripping the light fan
tistic to their hearts' content. The
room is scarely large enough to
make room for the entire school to
conduct a dance at one time, so each
class will have their turn.
C .B. Wilson, form the University
of Idaho, spoke at the chapel period
Friday. He expressed much pleasure
In the arrangements that have been
made for vocational training of stu
dnts at our high school.
Chapel exercises were opened by
a medely of national airs rendered on
the piano by MIbb Baron, followed by
flag salute by the entire school. Miss
Merlam Pearson entertained with
two readings and Mrs. Chester Vin
cent very pleasingly rendered three
select piano solos.
to lu> ii Rimil bend." put in
• li roe-year-old
"iilv has used
i-.- mil
•mils Star.
- '.II
case both rooms are used about
sixty can be served.
The kitchen at the right has a most
sanitary appearance, all finished in
white. The tables are to be coverd
with a cementy substance that is
being prepared by the Dialto Pro
ducts company of Salt Lake City.
The material is white in color and
smooth In texture, somewhat like
enamel and is absolutely stain proof.
A hood over the range collects the
waste heat and an electric fan drives
it from the room. This keeps the
tempreature at a comfortable degree
at all times.
The art class is doing some very
fine work in charcoal drawing, also
nasdell, water color and oil work.
The entire building is heated with
one pound of steam under the plai in
operation. Under former plans fif
teen to twenty-five pounds qf steam
Mould be necessary to heat the same
number of cubic feet of air. At the
l aee of each radiator is a littie trap
door that can oe opened for ventila
tion. When the little shutter or trap
door is opened the cold air from out
of doors passes in and rises thru the
radiator, thereby cooling the radiator
and slightly warming the air before
it is distributed thru the room.
The honorable school board have
Advices from Wyoming are that the
Lincoln county oil fields are all shut
down on account of the cold weather.
Directors of the Chief Consolidated
Mining company have declared the first
quarterly dividend for the new year.
It consists of the usual amount, 12%
cents a share.
In spite of the unusually severe cold
weather that has prevailed for weeks
In the Uintah Basin, good progress
Is being made on both the mine and the
new plant of the Cedar Butte Oil com
pany, located near White Itocks.
Copper Leaf has started to drift on
the 1000-foot level, according to news
that comes from Tintic. The streak of
ore which has continueu froui. below
the 900 level will be followed out into
the walls, probably both ways on the
Reports from the Tonopjih Midway
property have been encouraging of late,
and the fact that an important dis
covery has been made above the (jpO
foot level will prove pleasing news to
all interested in the future of this dis
trict, says the Tonopah Times.
The Tintic Standard in 1918 paid out
in dividends 27 cents a share, or $317,
230; in 1917 it distributed 7 cents, or
$83,250. This makes a total of 34 cents
u share, or $400,480. The company has
lately been shipping at the rate of
about 2500 to 3500 tons of ore a month.
Superintendent Fisher of the Nail
driver reports conditions Improving ail
the time at this property, says the
Park City Record. The ore reserves
are opening up stronger every week,
and regular shipments are being made.
It looks as if the Naildriver is a per
manent mine.
The Tormey mine, near Salmon, Ida
ho, In the same zone as the Pope
Shenon property, is being opened up by
Thompson and Mathews, and further
deevlopment is planned on the strength
of returns on a recent shipment to the
smelter at Salt Lake, which gave 18%
per cent copper.
Assays from the samples of ore taken
from the recent strike made in the
Woodlawn of Honeycomb gulch, Alta
district, and which were stated by
those who had no connection with the
company to be exceptionally promising,
proved no disappointment when the of
ficial figures were received last week.
The Columbus-Rexall Consolidated
Mining company has paid its first divi
dend, 2% cents per share, about $14,
600 in all, which was to have been paid
December 31, but disbursement of
which was held jip by a restraining
order and petition for an injunction on
the part of the Monetalre Mining com
At the Pope Shenon mine, six miles
south of Salmon, Idaho, a force of men
are developing a large body of copper
ore, opening it by means of a main
adit on the vein. The operators have
Installed electric power to operate a
number of air compressors and it is
reported that development work on a
large scale has been planned.
Chile Copper company last year
made a record with a smelter output
of 102,134,512 pounds, against 89,022,
126 in the previous year. Production
will be curtailed for some time owing
to uncertainty as to the copper out
look, says Dow-Jones. Otherwise Chile
would undoubtedly have started the
year with another record as regards
Copper is one of the six metals men
tioned in the Old Testament. There are
mines in the desert of Sinai which
probably supplied metal for undent
Egypt. Those mines are said to be
the oldest known to man. The work
ings are still visible and they were
operated as recently as 1300 B. C., at
which time a bronze statue of Humeses
II was cast.
American companies producing oil In
Mexico are opposed to payment of
rentals and. royalties on land which
they own there, because such payment
would mgan recognition of the govern
ment's ownership, according to a state
ment issued by Chester O. Swuin,
representing Standard Oil interests in
the Mexican oil title and tax difficul
News of a gratifying Improvement
in the ore of the Pope Shenon Mining
company, operating a large holding
eight miles out of Salmon, Idaho has
been received. The ore is nearly the
full face of the tunnel and three as
says taken give values of 8.89,31.7, and
26 per cent copper, the lower assays
being believed to be a fair average of
the entire face.
Operations at the,Cobalt property,
at Blackbird, Idaho, have passed the
experimental stage, and the property
is now shipping steadily and regularly.
A reduction plant Is in operation,
which produces a high-grade concen
trate of cobalt, which Is forwarded to
Kokomo, Ind., for final treatment,
where it is used in manufacturing a
hard alloy called stellite.
The total paid by United States min
ing and metallurgical companies in
1918 was $165,134,997; by Canadian,
Mexican, Central and South American
mines, $23,548,294; and by holding
companies, $2,101,871.
From Tintic comes word that Iron
King officials are reported to be
rather elated regarding the #idlcations
in their main working shaft, in which
sinking has been going on for some
time and which has now reached a
depth of nearly 1300 feet.
It is said that the Cherry Creek
Mining company Is planning to resume
work on a large scale on the old North
Mountain and Mary Ann mines, which
produced heavily ten years ago when
the price of silver was very low. Large
bodies of low-grade ore are said to be
exposed in the mines.
Twenty-one .members of the house
and four senators of the Montana leg
islature were elected on the Non
partisan ticket.
News has been received that Fred
Lundgren, formerly of Hamilton,
Nevada, was killed in battle - while
serving with the American forces in
John J. Sulivan, a miner, must
spend from 35 to 70 years in the state
penitentiary for having shot to death
Emery I. Cupples, shift boss at the
Original mine at Butte.
Dominick Dehmar, aged 48, single
and a native of Germany, was killed by
a fall of rock in the Nettie mine at
Butte. He had been a resident of Mon
tana for more than 20 years.
The quota for Nevada in the cam
paign to raise funds for the starving
people of Greece, Syria and Armenia
is $24,000, which the campaign mana
gers believe will be easy to raise.
Sale of near beer containing any
quantity of alcohol whatever, even be
low two per cent, is in violation of the
state prohibition law, according to a
decision handed down at Butte last
Demands imposed upon stenograph
ers by a nation at war, and a conse
quent increase in wages, has decreased
the usual number of applications for
stenographic positions in the Montana
It is possible thajt the Montana leg
islature may enact a bill providing for
the creation of new normal schools
by petition, thus leaving the matters In
the hands of the people and the state
board of education.
Of the 12,288 Nevadans who regis
tered for selective draft on June B,
the number of Inductiohs into the ser
vice was 2871 whites and 21 colored.
The total number of men of the first
registration to enlist was 963.
The adjutant general's record shows
that of the total number of registrants
in Nevada available for service there
remain 58 of the 1917 class; 87 of the
June, 1918 class; 1695 from 19 to 36,
and 114 of the 18 year old class.
Washakie county, Wyo., claims the
distinction of furnishing to the wur a
larger percentage of its population than
any other county in the nation, 10 per
cent of the county's population elthei
volunteering or having been drafted.
The Montana Live Stock Sunitary
board has issued orders pertaining to
the shipment of ^heep into Montana
from Idaho, which orders, if adhered
_ ..._' * h „ riani'er of
to, will greatly reduce the danger of
spreading infectious or contagious
Montana is now a part of the Tenth
district of the federal lioard for vo
cationel education. This means that
all disabled soldiers In the state will
be under the care of headquarters ai
Minneapolis, Instead of at Seattle, a 1
previously announced.
V. C. Graham, a miner employed a
Ruth, Nevadu, shot and mortall
wounded two assai Hants after belli,
knocked down ami beaten about t 1,
head as he was going home at night.
Both of the men, Joe Ruble a.id Ell
Krmptoich, died after being taken )•
the hospital.
Reports from corn growers show tha
between three and four thousand acre
of corn were harvested in Mussei hell
county, Montana, last year and tin
the average yield was 10 to 12 bushels
including hailed and poor crops,
some Instances yields of 30 to 35 bush
els per acre were had.
Thrusting aside some slight dlffer
as to methods of caring for re
Butte business men
turned soldiers,
and leaders in city industry promised
to throw their full strengrn behind thi
employment and relief committee of
the Butte Army and Navy league at
meetings held lust week.
Resolutions protesting to the inter
state commerce commission against the
recent arbitrary raise of express rates
and further consideration of the coal,
trans-continental graded
cluss and
rates were the outstanding features in
the meeting of the executive commit
tee of the Montana Freight Rate asso
ciation held at Helena.
Five of the seven states Interested
in the Colorado river reclamation proj
ect, in which 610,000 acres of Kind in
Utah are Involved, have notified Gov
Bamberger that delegates have
been appointed to attend the confer
ence of governors called at Salt Lake
for January 18.
A petltionfoc. a rehearing before the
Nevada Supreme Court will be filed by
the appellants in the Henry Miller in
heritance tax suits, according to at
torneys for the Miller estate. If this
is denied it is understood that an ap
peal will be taken to the supreme
court of the United States.
The Helena Light and Railway com
pany's directors has decided; first, to
invite the city of Helena to take over
and operate the lines in such a way
as to eliminate the deficit; second, to
apply to the state railway commission
for an Increase in fares, or third, to
discontinue operations. The company
claims to have been operating at a
loss for some time.
The body of H. T. Ellis of Kellogg,
Idaho, traveling from Mullan, Idaho,
to Welser, was found by the railroad
track at Scott station near Starbuck,
he having fallen from the train on
which he was a passenger.
The intensely cold nights of the past
few weeks at Salt Lake have resulted
in the freezing of hundreds of water
service pipes leading from the mains
into private residences and have cre
ated a situation which has. kept the
water department on the jump sixteen
hours a day in thawing out the frozen
Bit of prance
: and prench :
By Mrs. Byrd Trego.
Here is another chapter about the
French and Americans in Franck,
written especially for our enllght
ment, by Fremont Kutnewsky, in
December 18, 1918.
'You are interested in architecture.
I guess all home builders are. In
French village architecture one al
ways seen influences of the past.
Homes are built with square white
blocks of Btone, with wide strong
fronts. The doors they use are not
such frail affairs as we see in Amer
ica, and the doors here are generally
locked tight when not being used.
All the homes and buildings of a vil
lage are built flush with the neigh
bors on either hand, so that you can
not get into back yards by "going
around''as at home. You must enter
and go thru the house or a passage
way. Those gardens and backyards
are private, tho; rather a part of the
"The houses are all white, dull
white, almost cream, and exposed
corners take on a black stain with
age which emphasizes their contour.
They have long high windows and
many flutings up and down. Every
one has a little balcony on the second
story, upon which the home folks
appear of a sunny afternoon, or to
watch a procession; at other times
the balcony bears bedding and rugs.
'Every window has its heavy wood
shutter. At night the shutters and
doors absolutely seal up the family
within, and as you stumble along
over the uneven cobble-Btones in
pitchy blackness the only signs of
habitation are occasional upstairs
windows showing light, or air holes
in the shutters that let hut shafts
of light. It feels just exactly like
groping one's way thru one of those
narrow box canyons in Arizona.
Every now and then you come square
against the end of the street, where
a 'T' is formed and you must turn
abruptly to right or left. It is easy
to get lost in these passages on a
moonless night. I have often been
reminded of the days when bold, bad
cavaliers clattered thru dark little
byways, perhaps after a ribald time
at some cafe, singing and shouting
and pounding on doors with sword
butts. No wonder it is still custom
here to withdraw into the home after
dark and bolt up the shutters.
"Another thing—the compactness
of the way they build up villages
make them small. There is no divis
ion between business and private
sections. The French can't imagine
how it would be to have a private
yard about one's home in a city. That
would assuredly be nothing more or
less than a clty of chateaux . xhey
a i wa y S think of our skyscrapers
when America is talked of. To them
we are a nation of rich folks living
in ten-storied dwellings.
"Another thing over here that is
different from our squat bungalow
idea of a home; the French build up
wards to enlarge their homes. Many
and many of them are of a two-room
size and have three stores. They are.
not necessarily square, but are
shaped to conform to some feature
of the location, as an angle of the'
street or a turn of the road. I have
seen several country houses with
three sides squared and the fourth
askew so as to make one corner
shape. Nearly all small buildings
appear to be larger at the base than
at the top. They have a leaning air,
not so clean cut as American houses,
but much more human.
' The roofs excite my admiration.
All shingles are slabs of slate, dark
gray, nailed on apparently. Constant
fains encourage moss to grow in
shadowy places along the roofs, be
hind a chimney, in a globe corner,
on the north side. There is no angu
lar rigidity to French roofs. They
sway here, bend there, extend a bit
farther at one point than others un
till they seem to have Ijpen molded
out of clay that has sagged and run.
That is why artists like to sketch
French houses; no need of a ruler
to lay the principal lines of roof and
"And the chimneys are of charm
ing variety. In one detail they are
alike, in color, which is brick red.
.he smoke is vented not by square
oles in the chimney proper, but by
round, red, earthen-ware tiles, of
many sizes and shapes, always taper
ing to the point. Very often two or
three of these little vents serve one
chimney, so when you look out over
a city a forest of those quaint red
chimney-tops Is the first impression
you get—a rather pleasing relief
when you expect nothing but endless
rows of 8traignt roofs and square
'Further, speaking of roofs, it is
French to build many little gables,
which project out in a thousand vari
ous fashions; eiach one seems suit
able to its particular part of its par
ticular roof. The French are great
folks to have, attics under their roofs.
Down town some of the buildings are
Jour or five stories high, lodging
houses and hotels, mostly. I have
climbed up by winding little stair
ways into several apartments, and it
seems that each series of apartments
has Its own stair. At each landing
is a door, only one. These landings
have tiled flooring. (It always seems
odd to see stone floors on upper
stories.) At night you find a lamp
burning dimly on the first stair turn,
which you take to light you on your
way up.
"At the top you find the tiniest
habitable rooms. There is no fresh
air in them. The French don't go in
for fresh air a little bit.
"In chateaux where American of
ficers are quartered it is easy to lo
cate their rooms by looking for open
shutters. Happily, most of the bil
lets I have seen were not furnished
with windows or shutters. I don't
see how the French enjoy their sleep
in air-tight bed rooms. They have
an unhealthy fear of out-door air.
F. Kutnewsky, First Sergeant,
Saumur Artillery School, A. P. O.
718, Saumur, France.

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