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THE IDAHO REPUBLICAN
SEMI-WEEKLY Published every Tuesday and Friday BYRD TREGO, Editor and Proprietor Entered at the postofflce at Black * toot, Idaho, as second-class matter. Subscription price . $3.00. per Year • The Idaho Republican never > sells, never leases, never dodges > an election, never hides its pur • • pose to see how public opinion is < ■ going to go—but says what it • > thinks, takes the public into its • • confidence and goes on serving, tf. ♦ SOLDIER SETTLERS COMING TO LIVE IN IDAHO A Boise man just returned from the army is quoted as saying that Idaho will not only receive its own soldiers home, but thousands from other states who want to settle in a new state and have a hand in devel oping its resources. What an opportunity for pushing new projects and good roads, to at tract and hold'such men! -+■ IDAHO CAN GET ROADS The federal government has ap propriated $600,000,000 for road building in the next five years, of which Idaho can get |906,000 by July 1, 1922 if she will match it with *qual amount of her own money. Ke wish Bingham county could ac cept the whole thing on those terms. We have more than enough liberty bonds to pay our share and the good roads would put us on the high road of progress. . -• ROOSEVELT KNEW BETTER THAN THE PUBLIC When Theordore Roosevelt was president of the United States, he said of William D. Haywood and his associates, that they were "undesir able citizens." The public received the statement with a grain of salt, and the Hay wood bunch were the enemies of Roosevelt from that day to this. The public have seen more and more proof that Roosevelt was right, and he lived long enough to see them ob structing our war activities during the dark days when it looked like Germany might win, and the brighter days when Germany was beaten to earth, and Bill Haywood and scores of his associates placed behind the bars. It took the people of the United States about fifteen years from the time of the first warning until they realized the whole horrible truth about the activities and purposes of the Haywood element. At this time the nation has no doubt about their purposes, and In their Chicago con vention of last week, they declared their intentions of making the United States like Russia. Debs, the great Socialist leader, unable to attend the convention because of a court sent ence requiring him to remain in ( Cleveland until the court acts upon his case and decides upon his prison sentence wired to the meeting that conditions as to freedom are better in Russia than here and that a strike to paralyze all industry was the thing to use to secure their demands. H says they have nothing to lose, since others own the property, and because they have the power of numbers they should demand all they want and en force their demands. e ENTERTAINED FOR SON Mrs. J. B. Davis entertained a number of young people at her home Friday evening in honor of her son Cowell the occasion being the young man's birthday. The early part of the evening was devoted to games and music which all enjoyed to the fullest. The hap pily spent hours were brought to a saccessful close by all taking part in a good, old-fashioned taffy puli. At a late hour the guests departed, leaving with the guest of honor their very best wishes for the return of his birthday many more times, per haps for their own sake as well as his. Those present were the Misses Herma Albertson, Meriam Pearson, Lillian and Mabel Christensen, Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Barnstable, and the Messers. Paul Pearson, Robert Massie and Burton Albertson, besides the guest of honor and the hostess. ♦ MACCABEES ELECT OFFICERS The Maccabee lodge met last even ing at the K. P. hall with a good at tendance. Miss Valine Gutting was initiated into the mysteries of the lodge. The following officers were elected and installed in the Maccabee lodge last evening: Lady commander, Mary L. Hen aby; Lieut, commander, Mrs. Edna Capps; past lady commander, Mrs. Ray Enlow; chaplain ,Mrs. Jen Bern hisel; record keeper, Mrs. Gertrude Martin; finance auditor, Mrs. Cora McDonald; lady at arms, Miss Doris Dunn; sergeant. Miss Eula Palmer; sentinel, Mrs. Kate Conklin; picket, Miss Valine Gutting; musician Mrs. Minerva Benson; musical director, Mrs. Evelyn Whitcomb; and captain of guards, Mrs. Lydia Watson. Re freshments were served after the work was completed. ♦ PURCHASED PRIZE HKIFKK Adrian Parsons returned Thursday from Twin Falls, where he spent the week attending the stock show of phre bred animals. Mr. Parsons pur chased the best heifer that was put u pfor sale and gave $460 for her. She is of the Shorthorn breed and a little beauty, that would make a good showing in any state cattle show. Mr. Parsons sold five head of stock that he had developed. He sayB the Shorthorn breed was' apparently more desirous than Herefords. Mr. Parsons Is one of our local men who Is Interested in devloplng pure bred herds and he Is making a start that will bring results in tima. ♦ Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Fox went to Pocatello Saturday to spend the day. MYSTERY SHIPS TRAP U-BOATS Exploits of Fleet of British Decoy Craft FALSE BULWARKS HID GUNS "Panic Parties" Pled Over 8ide ae Sub marines Approached, but Left Marks men Behind—8torles of Encounters With German Submarines Are Filled With Deeds of Heroism—Many Ruses Are Employed. One of the most exciting chapters of the war against U-boats is a series of accounts of notable engagements be tween British decoy ships and the submarines, made public by the Brit ish admiralty. While the whole story of the part played by these decoy ves sels, "mystery ships," or "Q" craft has not been revealed, it is evident that several of them were used to lure the undersea craft to destruction. Some incidents In this campaign al ready have been made known, dealing chiefly with a few of the exploits of Commander Gordon Campbell aa mas ter of the decoy vessels; but others In which he and other captains par ticipated, now are available. That at least a small fleet was used In this work Is evident from the fact that Campbell at different times appears as the master of the Farnborough, the Pargust the Dunraven, and the QB. The Prize, another decoy ship, was commanded by Lient William B. Sand ers, and the Stock Force by Lieut Harold Anten. Full of Heroic Deeds. Stories of the encounters between these ships and the U-boats are filled with deeds of heroism and instances In which the discipline of the British navy was displayed under trying circum stances. For many months the decoy ships, heavily armed, bnt with their guns hidden behind false bulwarks, steamed zigzag paths In the seas which were the hunting grounds of the sub marines. In their character of lazy colliers or slow cargo craft they presented to the submarine commander an Inviting ob ject of attack, but once he was well within range of the British gnns the false superstructure hiding the guns fell away and the helpless collier be came suddenly transformed Into a fighting craft, bent on destructioa It was dangerous work, requiring a high order of courage, for the submarine must be lured near before the guns could safely begin their work. Mean time the Hun frequently had sent his torpedo home, and the decoy ship was disabled, sometimes on fire and part of her crew wounded. In that condi tion the battle was fought and often the submarine destroyed. "Panic parties" was one of the ruses practiced by the 'decoy ship's com mander to coax the submarine along side. When the mystery ship was tor pedoed these panic parties took to the boats, apparently abandoning their vessel, bnt always leaving on board another crew to man the guns and fin ish the submarine If It, came near enough. The first encounter mentioned by the admiralty occurred in March, 1916, when the Farnborough, disguised as a collier, was attacked by a submarine. The "panic party" took to the boats, and when the submarine closed in to about 800 yards the Farnborongh opened fire on her. The U-boat sub merged and the Farnborongh passed over her, dropping depth bombs. The submarine reappeared, standing al most on end. Five rounds were fired into her at nearly point-blank range, and she went to the bottom of the sea. ' Sunk by Gunfire. Prior to that action the Farnborongh had cralsed throughout the entire win ter without being attacked. Within a month the Farnborough coaxed an other submarine near enough to sink her by gunfire. Cdmmander Campbell later was transferred to the command of the Q-5, and In the following February, 1917, his vessel was torpedoed by a submarine, which eventually ap proached so near that a shot from the Farnborough beheaded the U-boat cap tain as he climbed outWif the tower, the submarine was sunk, with her con ning tower open and her crew pour ing out. Destroyers towed the Q-# In and beached her. For this exploit the Victoria Cross was awarded to Campbell. The decoy ship Pargust, with Camp bell in command, was torpedoed on June 7, 1917, when disguised as a British merchant vessel. The subma rine came within 50 yards of the Par gust, which then opened fire on her with all guns. The submarine crew poured ont of the conning tower and held up their hands in token of sur render, but the U-boat steamed away, trying to escape in the mist. The Pargust again opened fire on her, and sunk her with one man clinging to her bow aa she went down. The decoy vessel was towed back to port by American destroyers. Two Victoria crosses were awarded for this success ful action. T "Hot Doga!* Banned. Because of their "unsightliness" on the principal street corners, "hot dog" •tends in Macon, Ga., must go, accord ing to the edict of the city connclL Fortune telling establishments also an taboo. "WHO GUARDS THAT STREAM DIVINE? »» It Makes a Difference in the Sing ing of a Certain Cele brated Song. 0 According to a returned British prisoner who was at liberty in Berlin during the revolution there, "Deutsch land uber Alles." "The Watch on the Rhine" and similar patriotic songs are just now highly unpopular In the German capital. Three English civilians who had cel ebrated the signing of the armistice were coming along the Unter den Lin den singing "The Watch 'on the Rhine," when they were stopped by German soldiers, who said they ought to be ashamed of themselves for slng ing\such rubbish. "I've come from the Rhine," one of the German soldiers remarked. "You go down there and try to keep watch, and then you won't sing so much about It" "But we are English," one of the civilians replied. "What I" exclaimed the astonished soldier. "Then why sing The Watch on the Rhine T* " "Well," grinned the Englishman, "you see we are keeping it now." MARRIES COUSIN OF LATE HUSBAND ■ n ; 1 S m m gag§ ' il are 1! : : : i ■ a w®m m III SB ; i mm : : 8 m \*f\ , ■ 7 1 i C WfUfli Ntw»p>p»ff S Mrs. Annie M. Mills Archbold, widow of John D. Archbold, who has become the bride of Judge Charles W. Dustin of Dayton, Ohio. Mrs. Arch bold, a daughter of the late Major S. M. Mills, Inherited more than $12,000, 000 of the $41,000,000 estate of her late husband, who at the time of his death was president of the Standard Oil company of New Jersey. ASKED CHEAP BURIAL Left a Note 8aylng He Wanted Red Cross to 8hare In Savings. Pinned to the shirt of J. H. Shunk, who died of influenza in his room at a hotel at Yakima, Wash., recently, wac found a note with $140 in bills. The note asked that he be given the cheapest possible bnrlal In case ol death, and that the remainder of the money, after paying his debts, be do nated to the Red Cross. Shunk has no relatives In this part of the country, so far as known. The note gave the names and addresses of a brother and sister living in Wisconsin.* He had been working In an evapo rator here and the money evidently represented his savings. RECORD IN BRIDGE WORK Structure Is Rolled Into Position In 1 Minute and 20 Seconds. All bridge-rolling records were, bro ken when the five-span, 560-foot Bos ton and Maine railroad bridge over Green river, at Greenfield, Mass., war put into place in 1 minute and 20 sec onds. The structure weighs 2,706 tons. It replaces a bridge bnllt In 1876. The new bridge Is the second largest ever moved by the rolling method. The work was done in a fog so dense that workmen on one end of the structure could not see workmen on the other end. The feat was witnessed by 1,000 spectators. HOW TO AVOID INFLUENZA Doctor 8ays to Cut Out Fruit*, Sweets and All Fried Foods. To be Immune from influenza cut out fruits, greasy foods, sirups, confec tionery, honey and fried foods. This Is the advice of Dr. Frederick de Lue of Boston, an expert Here are sonfie of Doctor de Lue'c lnfluenzf pointers: Influenza bacillus locates most readily in rheumatic people. Acids In the system are the cause of colds. Chocolate that we give onr soldier boys makes acid, and add serves as food for the influenza bacilli. Boiled rice is a better ration than chocolate. Relief. "The landlord says he is going to raise our rent "All right Then we needn't worry trying to do it" »» HUN SHIFT COST BELGIANS JOBS Not a Factory in Country Can Be Operated. 900,000 WORKMEN ARE IDLE All Machinery and Tools In Belgium Were Carried Off by German In vader* — Work of Destruction Stopped on President Wileon'a Pro t test—Spirit of People le Untouched by Years of Oppression. Nine hundred thousand workmen in liberated Belgium are idle because the Germans carried off all machinery and tools in the country. Not a factory in the Country can be operated. The Germans wrecked two mines be fore they were stopped In their work of destruction by President Wilson's protest The other mines may be opened soon, but the factories must wait for machinery. When it will come nobody knows. But the spirit of the people is un touched by the years of oppression. Nightly parades and the clatter of wooden shoes as they dance in the streets prove this. Government appraisers are now ont in all parts of Belgium reviewing the damage done by the Huni for the res toration bill which is now being drawn up. This bill will be presented to the peace conference. There is about seven weeks' food supply in Belgium. During the days of German occupation the rich had everything, but the middle class suf fered terribly. The workmen existed by means of soup kitchens. Ample Food on Hand. The hotels now have ample food stores which the-Germans left Thir ty thousand eggs were found in the Deutsch bank. Other food was stolen by the Ger mans from their own stores and sold to the Belgians during the retreat, in cluding herds of cattle at $10 a/head. In the hotels and shops of Brifges, Brussels and Ghent almost anything may be hand, but the prices are high because the supplies are limited. The masses of the population are still dependent on the committees which have undertaken to handle the food problem. Pork and bgef are about $8 a pound, butter Is $2.50 and eggs are 50 cents each. Belgium is prostrate, hungry, but joyous. She is putting her best foot forward, hiding her pain and "carry ing on" till things get gblng again. Dozens of Belgians have told me with touching confidence that America was going to send Hoover to direct the work of reconstruction. This la gen erally believed by the Belgians. I entered Belgium from Calais and passed the first thin string of thriving little gardens running right to the edge of No Man's Land, where everything suddenly became a barren and pock marked desert tfhere the only life -was the German prisoners working on the railways and their guards and the little families of refugees standing amid the runs of what once had been home. , On the east of the old German lines it is still beautiful Belgium. Dlxmude is but a rockplle, but Brussels and Ghent appear undamaged until you enter the factories stripped of their machinery and the homes stripped of their copper and brass and wooL Flags 8tlll Flying. At Bruges, where the orgies of the U-boat crews were held, the Germans in their hasty evacuation left a ser geant to bring on the string of flags from the public square—flag for each ship the U-boats had sunk. The flags are still there. The sergeant Is said to have accepted a final drink and left them. Brand Whitlock, American minister, who arrives In Brussels the day before King Albert, was given a great ova tion. It took him hours to make his way through the cheering crowds to his home. He was made an honorary burgher of the city, Antwerp had al ready conferred a similar honor. Four days after the Germans left Brussels the Belgians had erected a beautiful plaster model for a statue to America and another to Edith CavelL They will remain until they are re placed by stone. The Belgians pouring baok Into their ; country from the west, from Holland and from Germany are all smiles. The place they are making for may be only a pile of runs, or a house stripped of all furnishings, but It's HOME. « SOLDIERS DEMAND BIBLES Three Great Publishing Houses Work Night and Day to 8upply Demand. Three great publishing houses In America, England and Scotland -are obliged to keep their presses running night and day to supply the demands of the soldiers for Bibles, declares Rev. William Austin Hill, New Eng land secretary of the American Baptist Foreign Missionary society. "The Bible Is called for more than any book among the soldiers," said Rev. Mr. Hill. "It is printed Jn 81 languages and a copy lasts a soldier on an average about three months. So four copies are given each appli cant. There never was a time in the history of the world when men longed more for the Scriptures." w, S3 i* SB Mau.MT.crr., v 5 ■*, 41 ttj > 'JK 15 The shoes with a reputa tion that is lived up to you will appreciate their good ness when you wear a pair. J £ s I § % Kinney Mercantile Company £ BL ft i * »> • We Appreciate Your Business <( J V [# w ju HANGED FOR BURNING COAL There Was a Time When Job of Look ing After Production Would Have Been Sinecure. The present-day restrictions with re gard to the use of coal would have seemed very mild to our ancestors, re marks a writer in London Tit-Bits. There Is no doubt that the use of what used to be called "sea coal" to distin guish It from charcoal had Its draw backs. Many look forward to the time when there will be no more smoky chimneys in Britain, when the atmosphere of London will be as clean as it must have been in the days of Good Queen Bess, and when a new building will not be begrimed with soot almost as soon as It is built In the reign of Edward I the inhabi tants of London petitioned the king against the growing use of coal, declar ing that it was "a public nuisance, cor rupting the air with its stink ond smoke, to the great detriment of their health." Whereupon the king prohib ited its use, offenders to be punished for a first offense by a fine and for a second to have their kilns and fur naces destroyed. The practice of using coal was at length made a capital offense and a man was tried, condemned and hanged for burning coal in London. In those days the population of Eng land probably did not exceed four or five mill tonv and wood was plentiful and cheap from the vast forests that covered tens of thousands of square miles where now are great towns. * ALWAYS SOMETHING TO DO Secret of 8lr Walter Scott's Marvelous Literary Achlevementa Told In a Few Words, "Never to be doing nothing 1 ' was the simple bnt effective rule that enabled Sir Walter Scott to get done the enor mous amount of work for which he is noted. A passage in Lockhart's life of the poet and novelist reads: "Those who observed him the most constantly were never able to under stand how he contrived to keep him self so thoroughly up with the stream of contemporary literature of almost all sorts, French sad German, as well as English. That a rapid glance might tell him more than another man could gather by a week's poring may easily be guessed; but the grand secret was his perpetual practice of his own grand maxim, never to be doing nothing. He had no *unconsldered trifles' of time. Every moment was turned to account; and thus he had leisure for everything —except, Indeed, the newspapers, which consurpe so many precious hours nowadays with most men, and of which, during the period of my ac quaintance with him, he certalnljQbtd less than any other man I ever knew that had any habit of reading at all should also except, speaking general ly, the reviews and magazines of the time. Of these he saw few, and of the few he read little." Potash in Canada. The discovery of a large'deposit of potash in Saskatchewan is of great na tional Importance to Canada. The only other considerable deposit on this continent, as far as known, is at Searles Lake, In California. This is being developed under the auspices of the American government. The Do minion and Saskatchewan 'govern ments should make sure that the new deposits are made productive as soon •e possible by the owners.—Toronto Mail and Empire. TRAGEDY ABOVE TflE CLOUDS Individual Combats and Disasters That Test the Nerves and Wits of the Flying Fighters. Though airplane battles are tre mendously exciting for all those par ticipating in them, it is not always In actual conflict that the nerves and wits of flyers are tested to the utmost. Many adventures may be met in tamer pur suits. Every now and then comes the roar of a gun from below, follow^ by flash es of blue and red, harsh, angry explo sions right and left, front and rear; the disappearance in flames sometlm- J of what till then had been a welcome companion on the wing, the drone of some hardy adventurer strenuously en deavoring to climb into the night, and now and then the awful spectacle of a machine emerging safely fronk a smoke cloud only to go smash inttfan other traveling In a different direction. An awful smash, a hideous explo sion, smoke, human cries, flames and then, with volcanic intensity, the sud den plunging into the abyss not dhly of what a few moments previously were two magnificently equipped bomb throwers, but four human aouls, brave, proud, youthful and adventurous.— Washington Star. Blondln's Feat Recalled. In the whirligig of momentous world events it is not strange that there should pass almost unnoticed a few days ago the fifty-eighth anni versary of Blondln's exploit of cross ing Niagara gorge on a' four-inch tight "rope, a feat that still stands as the acme of daring and nerve. One of the "thousands of -spectators that lined the river bank was the prince of Wales, late King Edward. This was the first time anyone had crossed Ni agara gorge on a rope. Blondln car ried a man on his shoulders on one trip, wheeled a wheelbarrow over on a second trip, and on a third trip cur ried a stove on his balancing rod and fixing It on the rope, cooked cakes and threw them to people in small boats below on the river. Blondln was after ward killed in Paris. Found a Way Out Several times had the priest remon strated with Pat against his wasteful habit of treating when attending mar ket and made him promise to keep his change In his pocket until he reached home and then hand It over to hie wife. A short time afterward the priest, passing through the market place, noticed Pat and some compan ions leaving a public house. "Now, Pat," he ealQ, "what did you promise mer "Och, sure Ol cudn't hllp It yer rivlrince," answered Pat, jlst foun* a hole in me trousers pocket, an' wus afeerd Ol'd lose the change afore Oi'd got home (''—London Tatler. Sure Ol Planting Bulba. The easiest way to plant bulbs Is to use a dibble or a bulb-planter. A dib ble is. In Its simplest form, only a round stick slightly larger than the bulbs, with one end pointed. Those purchased at the stores usually have a curved handle. A very good dibble can be made from an old garden fork or spade handle by cutting It off about a foot from the end. The handle will be found convenient* Yon can be sure of planting the bulbs at a uniform depth, If yon measure the distance on the dibble and drive a nail into the wood or make a chalk mark at the right place. Some gardeners paint bands an Inch apart on their dttiMai ter convenience.