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declaration of independence ADOPTED AND DELEGATES TO PEACE CONGRESS CHOSEN Members of Sinn Fein Society Elected to British House of Commons Will Have a Parliament of • Their Own. Dublin.—Twenty-five members of the Sinn Fein society elected to the British house of commons assembled here Tuesday afternoon and formally constituted themselves the "Dali Eir v eann," which is Irish Gaelic for "Irish parliament." They elected Charles Burgess, whose Irish name is Cathal Brugha, speaker They also adopted a declaration of in dependence, and«an address to the free nStions of the world, and appointed a committee consisting of Count Plunk ett, Arthur Griffiths and Professor Ed ward De Valera to present the claims of Ireland to self-determination to the peace conference at Paris. The two last named being in British prisons, only the venerable Count Plun ketot can proceed to Paris, and then only provided the British government consents to give him passports. The walls of the hall were quaintly embellished with the classic statues-in plaster and coats of arms. Past lord mayors have witnessed many more ex citing dramas, notably, in recent years, the conventions of the Nationalist party, when there were impassioned speeches and hot party contests. That the proceedings seemed tame by contrast, was due to the fact that they were conducted in the dead lan guage of the Irish tongue. This was a tribute to sentiment, but it was dead ening to interest. Few of the 2000 auditors understood the addresses. A crowd of perhaps a thousand, In cluding many women and children, 'wearing green, white and yellow rib bons, pressed around the door of the Mansion House, watching the dele gates enter. Only two policemen were visible, but the Sinn Fein had its own poldce—youths wearing white arm bands—to keep order. The most striking feature of the pro gram was the reading of the declara tion of independence. First in Irish, with the delegates standing, and after wards in English and French. "Ire land's address to the free nations," was read. It concluded with an announce ment of the "complete independence of the Irish republic against the arro gant pretensions of England, founded in fraud and sustained only by an overwhelming military occupation." 8T0CKGR0WERS GIVEN WARNING Western Industry to Suffer if Produc tion Is Not Increased. Denver.—Warning to western live stock producers that they must take full advantage of their opportunities to produce a maximum quantity of livestock so that the needs of the na '■ tlon can be met at reasonable prices was voiced by Clay Tallraan, commis sioner of the general land office, In an address Tuesday at the opening ses sion here of the twenty-second annual convention of the American National Livestock association. SHIPYARD WORKER8 ON 8TRIKE. Thousands of Men Quit Work, Para lysing Shipbuilding Industry. Seattle, Wash.—Between 35,000 and 87,000 members of the Metal Trades onions In Seattle, Tacoma and Ana cortes went on strike at 10 o'clock Tuesday morning, paralyzing the ma jor portion of Washington's shipbuild ing Industry. Another 8000 woodwork ers employed In shipbuilding may be forced out through inability of the yards to operate without the metal trades workers, their leaders say. Carson City. Nev.—By a vote «f 114 to 1, the state senate ratified the I national prohibition' amendment. The I lower house of the Nevada legislature bad ratified tbe amendment by a vote Mrs. Lebaudy 8et at Liberty. Mlneola, N. Y.—Exonerated by the Nassau county grand jury of a first degree murder charge, Madame Jacques Lebaudy has returned to her home In Westbury, where, on January 11, she shot and killed her eccentric husband, the self-styled "Emperor of : .Sahara." V Livestock Values Show Gains. I Washington.—Livestock on terms and ranges of the country on January 1 was valued at $8,830,204,000 In an estimate made public by the depart ment of agriculture. This Is an in crease of $346,006,000 over their value a year ago. Bolshevik! in the Hole. £ Stockholm.—The final statement of i the Russian Bolshevlkl government for 1918, shows that the -expenditures for the year were 47,000,000,000 rubles, and that there would be a probable % deficit of 43,000,000,000. s More Troops Reach Home. New York —Bringing home 3114 of ficers and men of the American expe ditionary force, the transport George | Washington 'arrived here Tuesday from-France. The troops were mainly from the fiHghty-thted division. I. ■ Nevptfa RatHtoa Prohibition. Of 33 to 3. JL $ £ * I iiii -< > I 4 t ii k-4i r> Ht 1 : > f i : i y t s O' ' y ■. 1 EV/] Photo by ^WeiternNewiDtoer Unlon^j W j H i III at i $ T :fj Ml Ipl V < m •' ; ; M Wk X mm . SBS w m. •i&S 1—New Curtiss airplane, fastest In the world, built for the American navy. 2—The Emir Felsal, son of the king of the Hedjaz, who has been in England to present his father's respects to King George. 3—Government troops In Cologne celebrating the order to re-mobillze to combat the Spartacans. NEWS REVIEW OF CURREHT EVENTS Formal Sessions of the Peace Congress Begun; League of Nations Up First." MANY PLANS ARE PRESENTED Americans Carefully Safeguarding the ■Poland to Get Help—Armistice Terms Made More Drastic—United States For National Prohibition. Monroe Doctrim By EDWARD W. PICKARD. Unless the peace congress, which held Its first formnl session on Satur day, changes Its mind, the world must be satisfied hereafter with such Infor mation concerning Its deliberations as Is contained in the official communique Issued daily. Possibly because of a breach of confidence on the part of some correspondent, the supreme al lied council adopted a resolution that the delegates shall not talk outside the peace chamber of the doings of the conference. The hundreds of high priced journalists gathered In Paris from all parts of the world can devote their time to describing the majesty of the Arc de Triomphe and the allure ments of the Paris boulevards. The American and British correspondents formally and energetically protested against this rigid censorship. Later the rule may be relaxed, otherwise the demand for "open covenants of peace openly arrived at" goes by the board. In the preliminary work of the con ference the make-up and procedure of the congress were settled. It was de cided that the United States, the Brit ish empire, France, Italy and Japan 'should be represented by five deleqytes apiece. The British dominions and In dia besides are represented as follows: Two delegates respectively for Aus tralia, Canada, South Africa and In dia, Including the native states, and one delegate for New Zealand. Brasil has three delegates. Belgium, China, Greece, Poland, Portugal, the Csecho Slovak republic, Roumanta and Serbia have two delegatea apiece; Slam, Mon tenegro, Cuba, Guatemala, Haiti, Hon duras, Liberia, Nicaragua and Panama one delegate apiece. The delegates will vote as units. A great deal of time last week was f*. voted to consideration of the various plans for the league of nations, the organization of which was the first matter taken up by the peace dele gates after they began tbelr formal sessions, In accordance with the de sire of President Wilson. Many schemes for the league were submit ted, these dividing themselves gener ally Into two groups which differ as to the means of making effective the de cisions of the league. One holds that the rulings of the society of nations should be backed up by Its combined physical forces; tbe other, that such force will not be necessary. In the ex amination of tbe plans It seemed cer tain that a compromise would not be difficult to reach. Prodded by tbe expressed anxiety of the senate, the American delegates carefully examined every scheme sub mitted to make sure that nothing In them endangered tbe cherished Monroe doctrine. They appear to be satisfied that this American ideal Is not Imper iled and that, on the contrary, the league would In effect extend tbe prin ciple of the Monroe doctrine to the whole world. The senate Is not so sore of this, and Senator Borah, who strongly opposed the formation of the league, Introduced a resolution which, If passed, would serve notice that the senate will not ratify a treaty the pro visions of which conflict with the Mon roe doctrine and with the traditional duty of the United States to enforce principle. matter of extending aid to Po ^ ^ one 0 f (j, e serious things dls j^ged last week, especially serious honmsn it probably involves the prob j^em of what the allies shall do In the case of Russia. The American and British delegates were said to have agreed that, while none rf their own troops should be sent to help the Poles, the two Polish divisions recruit ed In the United States should be sent from France through Germany to as sist the government set up by the Po lish national committee. These troops would co-operate in stemming the tide' of bolshevism that Is flowing west from Russia, making the new Po'and a strong bulwark against that flood of anarchy. The plan Is a concession to the Ideas of the French, who are con vinced that bolshevism cannot or should not bq dealt with militarll in Russia by the allies. It also is likely to compel General Pilsudskl to come to an agreement with the Polish na tional committee os represented in Poland by Paderewski. » -te The Spartacan revolution in Ger many—of at least In Berlin—has fizzled out. Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were captured and, according to report, killed. The other leaders are under ar rest or dispersed and some hundreds of their followers are dead. After a week of terror the police were reinstated and armed, order was restored and busi ness was resumed. Id some other cities the "Reds" are still In control, but their chance for ultimate success seems to have gone glimmering. For one thing, Hlndenburg still has under his command an efficient army of more than a million men, and most of these troops he is holding true to the Ebert government. —IM— This fact about the German army leads to the warning Issued by the Central News of London, that a situa tion exists In Europe under which war may break out again at any time and that the British scheme of demobiliza tion will have to be radically changed —which may also apply to American demobilization. An "unimpeachable authority" Is quoted as saylbg that Great Britain will have to keep an army of occupation on the Rhine for many months, which accords with the opinion of others concerning all the armies of occupation. It may be this note*of alarm was caused by the dis covery that the Germans were trying to evade some of the terms of the armistice and by the more drastic conditions imposed by Marshal Foch In granting an extension of the armi stice. It was reported the marshal even threatened to march directly on Berlin if the Huns didn't fulfill their pledges. It was stated unofficially that the new terms Included the following:' First—Retribution upon the Ger mans for the murder and Ill-treatment of allied prisoners. Second—The machinery and goods stolen by Germany from France and Belgium to be at once given up. Third—German gold, amounting to more than $500,000,000, to be moved from Berlin to a safe place, probably Frankfort, and protected from bolshe vism in Germany en route. Certain other property to be surrendered. Fourth—Germany to give over her skipping, of which she is believed to have 4,000,000 tone to carry food sup plies to countries in Europe In need of th Fifth—Any U-boats on tbe stocks to be handed to the allies for their dis posal, or to be destroyed, and no more submarines should be bulIL Germany Is telly Justifying all those who refused to believe In her good faith under any circumstances. She Is determined not to permit the estab lishment of an Independent Poland be cause she still proposes to grab enough In the east to make np for her losses on tbe west, and a Polish state would prevent this. The Germans are said to be supplying arms to the bol sheviki who are ravaging parts of Poland, and there was heavy fighting last week between the German troops and the Poles near Kalmar. It was re ported that Hlndenbnrg himself would lead the German army against Poland. The world-wide activities of the bol sbevlkl took In Argentina, Uruguay and Pern, where there were desperate strikes accompanied by bloody fight ing, engineered by bolshevik agents. They also sent from Bussia 4,000,000 gulden to Holland for a coup d'etat and riotous demonstrations planned ter January 20. In this plot the Ger man radicals were co-operating with iyyncoop, the Dutch socialist leader. Because of dissension over Italy's territorial claims the cabinet resigned and Premier Orlando was commission ed to form a new one. Several mem bers were bitterly opposed to Foreign Minister Sonnino in his demands that Italy be given the whole of the Dalma tian coast, holding with President Wil son that part of that territory should justly be given to the Jugo-Slav state. Little Luxemburg also had her crisis last week. After a republic had been proclaimed, and suppressed within few hours by the French military au thorities, Grand Duchess Marie abdi cated and was succeeded by the eldest of her sisters, Princess Charlotte. Marie had lost the favor of her people because, though she protested against the passage of the German armies through the principality, she after ward entertained high German per sonages. —Ite-v Speaking of high personages, there are some queer reports coming from the refuge of the former kaiser in Holland. It is declared he is border Ing on Insanity, talking almost inces santly and Incoherently and wandering about at night. It Is also said that his health Is falling rapidly. The Germans, who supported Wilhelm heartily until he turned out to be loser, are now heaping abuse on him and the German commission appoint ed to determine his responsibility for the war has recommended that he be brought to trial, declaring that mar glnal notes In the kaiser's handwriting on papers In the foreign office prove him to have been one of the chief war makers. This venomous course of the Germans certainly Is superfluons, for the allied governments will see to 11 that Wilhelm and others get the pun ishment they so richly deserve. The desperate need of the liberated peoples of central Europe for food will be relieved as soon as possible. Urged bjr President Wilson, the American house of representatives appropriated $100,000,000 for this purpose, and It is understood the other allied nations will do their part. The money Is not to be spent for food for the Germans, bnt mneb of the relief will go to the peo ples formerly under the rule of the Emperor of Austria. The British army In Italy did a graceful thing the other day when they aent several tralnloada of food to starving Vienna In recogni tion of the decent way In which th Austrians had treated British prison ers of war. Hungary, which has been made a republic under the presidency of Count Karolyl. Is appealing to the allies for its share of help, as well as against being deprived of any of its territory by the snrronndlng new na tions. Turkey came to the front with ths report that the Turks had finally sur rendered Medina, the holy city of the Mohammedans, to the king of the Hedjaz. This capitulation was in cluded In the terms of the armistice, bat wss delayed by ths long Isolation of the garrison. The disposition of Constantinople also was brought un der renewed discussion by tbe submis sion of the claims of Greece to the peace delegates In Paris. The general belief was that the city would be plated under International control rather than turned over to the Greeks. —Ei— The United States went dry last week, national prohibition "going over the top" when Nebraska ratified the constitutional amendment, being the thirty-sixth state to take that ac tion. The amendment goes Into effect one year hence, bnt as tbe war meas ure passed by congress establishes country-wide prohibition on July 1 the dry era will really date from that day. The leaders of the prohibition party naturally are joyous over the triumph of the eause for which they straggled through so many years, and they now have a vision of a boozeless world. They have established headquarters In many foreign cities and say they are making great headway. The Unit ed States Is the first great nation to adopt prohibition, for the Russian ban was only on vodka, and that, has been lifted by the bolshevik govera L PREMIER CLEMENCEAU IS MADE PERMANENT CHAIRMAN OF CONFERENCE. President Wilson, President Poincare and David Lloyd George Declare Determination of Nations to Come to an Amicable Understanding. ■> Paris.—The peace congress was for mally opened on January 18 in the greut Salle de la Paix. The congress opened with a speech by President Poincare of France. President Wilscm stood beside him as he spoke. The pro ceedings, which were confined to the election of Georges Clemenceau, the French premier, as permanent chair man of the conference, an address of welcome by the president of the French republic, Raymond Poincare, and speeches by President Wilson, Pre mier Lloyd George and Baron Sonnino, were characterized by expressions of lasting friendship and the apparent determination of the representatives of the various nations to come to an am icable understanding with respect to the problems to be decided by the con ference. When President Poincare spoke, the entire assemble stood. and the fact that, according to custom, no applause greeted his utterance gave greater sol emnity to the scene. Clemenceau Accepts Chairmanship. M. Clemenceau's acceptance of the presidency of the congress was both a feeling expression of personal grati tude and a definite outline of the great questions immediately ahead. Three of these larger general subjects-he de fined as responsibility for the war, re sponsibility for crimes during the war, and International labor legislation. The league of nations, he declared, was at the head of the program for the next full session. Referring to thp authors of the war, he said he had consulted two eminent jurists on the penal responsibility of the former German emperor, and each delegate would receive a copy of that report. In all, seventy-two seats were pro vided for the opening session of the peace conference. On the outer side of the great horseshoe were arranged the Japanese, the British and colonial delegates and the seat of the fifth British delegate. A chair for the fifth American delegate also was reserved Immediately to the right of the table of honor. Many Nations 8eated. The Italian, Belgian, Brazilian, Cu ban, Haitian, Peruvian, Portuguese, Serbian, Czecho-Slovaklan and Ura guayan delegates sat in the order named. Across at the left wing of the table sat the Siamese, Rumanian, Po lish, Liberian, Hedjaz, Guatemalan, Ecuadorean, Chinese and Bolivian dele-' gatlons. As the delegations arrived they were met by fanfares of trumpets and ac corded military honors by the troops. President Wilson's arrival was the signal for a demonstration from the crowds. The president passed Into the antechamber, where M. Plchon, the French foreign minister, awaited, and conducted him to the council room. President Wilson proposed Mr. Clem enceau for chairman of the peace con gress, being warmly seconded by Pre mier Lloyd George of England. Ten Firemen Leas Livss. New York.—Ten firemen fighting a fire in a two-story frame automobile warehouse early Saturday fell Into the blazing building when the roof col lapsed and were burled in the debris. Jews Ask Wilson's Aid. Mexico City.—Jewish residents of the capital recently cabled a request to President Wilson that he present nt the peace conference their demands for a free and independent Palestine as homeland for the Jews. Want Embargoes Lifted, dfashlngton.—Ten members of con gfess from cotton-growing states sent a cablegram to President Wilson on Saturday urging that all embargoes against cotton exports to non-enemy countries be lifted at once. American Fereea to be Reduced. Washington.—American forces in France and in the occupied territory of Germany are to 5e reduced to the minimum strength "consistent with our national obligations." General March announced Saturday. "Grandmother" of Run in Canada. Victoria, B. G.—Catherine Breshko Breshkorskaya, known as the "grand mother" of the Russian revolution, ar rived here Saturday from the orient aboard the Japanese trans-Padfic liner Kama Mara. s' Tributes Paid Two Dead Senators. Washington. — Memorial were held In the senate on Sunday, January 19, for the late Senators Ja cob H. Gallinger of New Hampshire, the former Republican lender, and Jumse H. Brady of Idaho. Educator Killed by Auto. Chicago.—Mrs. Mary Goraar White, principal of a local private school for girls, was killed by a police patrol autoteoblle Sunday. Injured at the same time were Ernest D. Powell, an advertising agent, and his sister. servl GOING TO WED? SURE! Gobs" Merely Waiting to Be Mustered Out. U Tired of Being Single and Now Want to Marry end Settle Down. Quantlco, Va.—American maidens who have been worrying whether your marines would pop the question when they come home, stand "at ease." A canvass of marine barracks here at Quantlco, where 10,000 men have been waiting their chance at the Hun, made by a reporter for Leatherneck, the camp paper, shows that 90 per cent of the single men intend marry ing when they are discharged. How's that for good news? "We're tired of being single. We want to marry and settle down," Is the consensus of the replies. These marines, many of whom will be discharged when the president de clhres the national emergency no long er exists, are fitting themselves for good jobs that will permit them to wed. Evening business classes are be ing held at the Y. M. C. A., and ex perts are explaining everything from bookkeeping and shorthand to soil cultivation and dairying. The training the men have under gone admirably fits them for mar riage. There Isn't a marine in the service who doesn't claim to be able to wash his clothes whiter than any woman can ever get them. Every man can mend and press his own clothes. And as far as being "handy about the house," why, most of them can open a can of tomatoes with a toothpick and drive a nail with a feather duster. , NEW CZECH0-SL0VAK ENVOY ■ m : : ■: ;$• u ,, * *8 Charles Pergler was accredited as the Czecho-Slovak diplomatic repre sentative in the United States follow ing the departure of Thomas G. Masaryk to Europe. For several months he has acted as Doctor Ma saryk's secretary and for four years previously had been the most noted worker for his people in this country. Pergler was educated In the United States, but spent much of his yonth in France. He was later engaged In newspaper work in Chicago and then became a lawyer, practicing in Iowa. CHINESE WOMEN PAWN GEMS Slant-Eyed Beauties Buy Dlamonde en Installment Plan and Then Hock Them. San Francisco.—"Alla same white women. Just hock dllmond. Whatta mallar Yip Shee, Lee So and Lan Book, Chinese women, residents of San Francisco's oriental quarter, Uaped the foregoing, following their arrest on a charge of embezzlement by bailee preferred by the Brilllam Jewelry com pany. Then they told their story. De sirous of setting off their charms they purchased diamonds valued at $1,200 from the Jewelry concern, agreeing to pay on the installment plan. Then the need for ready cash was experi enced by these three slant-eyed beau ties. A local pawnshop got the gems. Yip Shee, Lee So and Lan Sook spent the money. Then came the police. rcroiffrsFwwn'swwwsw e Ohio "Victory Girls" to 2 e Gam $5 Eaeh for War 2 o Kenton, O.—This dty has an o organization known as "Victory J Girls" and Its membership con- e slsts of some of the most promt- J nent young ladles of the dty. o o Each has pledged to earn $5 for * e war work tends. To aid the e 2 girls Mrs. Caresta Oilman has 9 o opened an employment bureau o o at hec home, and the young la- * • dies are going to do real work • • for their money. AlimtAAaiMQAAffJSAjmSAtfil 2 o o( Women Husking Corn. Rantoul, 111.—A survey of the com fields of Illinois by air shows man; women have gone out to help in the corn husking. One of the aviator? here reports seeing hundreds of wom en doing their part to save the con crop.