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Are Proven! N selecting a phonograph, don't depend upon unsupported claims, seek actual evidence. There are many devices for sound reproduction offered and strong claims are made for all of them. But there is but one instrument, the makers of which have ever submitted proof of the assertions made about it. That instrument is I The NEW EDISON The Phonograph ivtth a Soul Just what is claimed for this instrument? Merely this: that a RE CREATION of an artist's voice or instrument upon the New Edison is so flawlessly perfect that no human ear can distinguish between the interpretation of the living, breathing artist and that of the New Edison. Nor is this a mere assertion. More than 2000 public tone tests in which the artists pang or played in direct comparison with the instrument have been held. More than 2,000,000 people have attended them. And out of this vast assemblage not one person has been able to say when it was the living artist he heard and when the New Edison. No other instrument has ever been subjected to the searching tone test. No other instrument could sustain such a test. Make it a point to drop in tomorrow and hear a demonstra tion of the New Edison. Instruments sold on easy terms and range in price from $41.00 to $450.00 a >> HAYES GIFT SHOP / ♦♦ 1 ♦ I » *»l « M - »I - »h * STERLING i Zehn Nelson is ill with an attack of the flu, however, the case is light. Mrs. J. W. Sprague made a trip to Black foot Wednesday to have some dental work done. Messers Andrus and Varney of Idaho Falls, insurance agents, spent last week here. Mr. and Mrs. F. C. Quantrell and children motored up from Aberdeen Wednesday. Mr. Quantrell went on to Blackfoot while Mrs. Quantrell re mained the guest of her sister Mrs. Earl Taylor. Mrs. W. R. Leach made a business trip to Blackfoot the last of the week. „„ T . . ,, . . Mr. McIntyre and granddaughter Miss Cecil Connor have moved from their home on the Pugmire ranch to town. Cecil is attending school here. Mrs. Don Shelman and baby and Mrs. Wallace of Springfield wert the guests of Mrs. Roy Wells on Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Loveless went to Blackfoot on business Tuesday. Mrs. Rose Nugent went to Black foot Saturday to visit friends. W. W. Hayes went to Salt Lake on business Tuesday. A merry skating party was formed Sunday, which spent the afternoon on the ice pond near the J. M. Rice residence. Those attending were Mr. add Mrs. J. W. Sprague, Mr. and Mrs. Earl Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Quantrell, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Nel son and the Misses Louise Gravatt, Louise Herbert, and the Messers. Frank Gravatt, Dave and Herman Chrlsterson, Kenneth Loveless, Joe Graham and Charlie Nugent. Mrs. Herman Tiechert received a telegram from her. husband Sunday, stating that he was now in the U. 8. A. and is in a camp in Virginia. Mr. Tiechert has been with the A. E. F. engineers in France, and as the family had not heard from him for some time, the telegram relieved their anxiety. Thomas Furnlss is very ill with blood poisoning, which set in from a scratch on his hand. Dr. Mote, who was very low all last week is slightly Improved this week. The ice ponds near here have been attracting large crowds of skating parties every evening this week. Miss Marie Verblck and Frank Gravatt had the misfortune to fall thru the Ice Saturday evening, fortunately the water was not deep and their only Injuries were a very thoro soaking. Mr. and Mrs. Ray McIntyre have moved into the Driscoll house on the Driscoll ranch just .north of town. They have spent the winter on the Charles Shaw ranch in Grandview. Deputy Sheriff Ezell stopped here I Fundi Served Free Cloaks Checked Free C The Second Annual FIREMEN'S BALL 4 will be conducted at THE PROGRESS HALL Wednesday evening, Feb. 19 Tickets: Gentlemen $1.00 Ladies Free + ? j MORELAND James Hern returned Wednesday from Idaho Falls. He contracted in fluenza while he was away. Mr. and Mrs. Hyrum Lake of Aber deen spent Monday at the home Mrs. Anna Morrel. Walt Morrel has sold his home stead at Bridge, Idaho to John Hall. Evan and Joey Jones were busi ness visitors in this town Thursday. Mr. and Mrs. Burrel of Pocatello were guests at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Fyans Thursday and Friday. They were accompanied home Satur day by Mr. and Mrs. Fyans who In tend to visit at Lava Hot Springs be fore returning. Mrs. Leavitt, who has been visit ing relatives and friends at Hamer, returned home Sunday. Mrs. Augusta Ellis returned from p 0 eatpllo Thnrndnv y '. u D ® lbert Robbins has been suffer lng for some tlnie with pneumonia. Misses Graham and Cherrington were week-end visitors at Blackfoot. Mrs. Caleb Hone, who has been visiting the William Hone family for several weeks, returned to her home in Provo Wednesday morning. Mrs. Louis Felt and little son left Wednesday morning for Salt Lake, where they will visit with Mr. Felt for a few days. The Andren Kirk family erturned to their home in Salt Lake City Wed nesday morning, after an extended visit with the Charles Kirk family here. on his way to Aberdeen the last of the week. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Quantrell and children of Aberdeen spent the week-end as the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Taylor. Miss Marie Verbick of Grandview spent the week-end here as the guest of her sister Miss Louise Verbick. Mrs. Maggie Patterson and baby of Utah are the guests of Mrs. William Blair. Mr. and Mrs.. Julius Larsen and children of Aberdeen were the guests of the Corbridge and Claypool fam ilies on Sunday. Mr. Heida Sr. has rented the John son farm, formerly owned by Bert Parsons for the ensueing year and has moved there. Bill Blair returned from Burley this week, where he has been for some time. Mr. and Mrs. H. V. Weigel of Me Cammon spent the week-end here visiting relatives and friends. A Valuable j ,, t p _ Li6ll6r tor t aimers Communicatlons Relating to Price i . . . The following letters and speeches as given by implement manufactur era to other manufacturers and deal ers, when they were trying to fore-1 cast the conditions to be expected during the present year, should be of considerable value to our read Implements and Farm Products and Following Other Wars ers: j "In 1861 the price of western wheat, f. o. b. New York was $1.38 a bushel; in 1865, $2.45 per bushel; In 1866, $2.05 per bushel; in 1867, '$2 60 Der bushel I "In May 1870, the price of No. northern wheat, f. o. b. Chicago, was $1.13 per bushel; in 1871, $ 1.2 l Der bushel and in 1872 tii 2 ner buriiel ' * per "It is to be expected that history will repeat itself after this war, and there is therefore no reasonable question, but that prices of materials will remain upon substantially the present level for many months to come, and that one takes no chance In conducting his business in a rea sonable, normal way. "The cost of living will remain high as long as the demand for food is greater than the supply. While the cost of living remains where it is. there can be no reduction of mo-1 ment in the cost of labor; as long as the cost of labor is upon its present plane there can be no marked re duction in the cost of materials. "While these conditions prevail it is the business of both manufactur ers and merchants to continue to "carry on" in the usual way. This is particularly important in this in dustry .for if there is any slacken ing upon the part of the manufac turer or dealer which interferes with the farmer's procuring the DroDer supply of tools to produce the crop necessary to feed the famished na tions of the world, anarchy and social dissolution will result. We cannot make a satisfactory peace treaty with starving nations—we cannot re habilitate the civilization of Europe until its peoples are fed. "It is more Important that this industry should conduct itself in a way to produce maximum food crops during the coming year than at any time in the past, and su.h conduct upon our part will result in profit to ourselves and to the farmer whom we serve. This is the basis upon which we are buying materials and conducting our busniess of manu facturing implements, and this is the I basis upon which the dealer should conduct his. 'We cannot serve our country, we cannot advance our own interests, ex cept by continuing to do business. I Let us hope that all of our dealers will do their part in this time of nutioniil emergency. 'To facilitate the tremendous I crop production required by such a progress, the president of the United I States has guaranteed to the farmers of this country a price of $2.60 for all the wheat raised in 1919. The price of corn will probably be upon a relatives basis, for the reason that meat is required in increasing quant ities and corn is the principal food animals. I Such a tremendous demand upon | the American farmer means the greatest prosperity in his history. It means he must be provided with the necessary tools to produce the great est crop ever raised. If this is ac complished, it is essential that the I manufacturer and dealer in imple ments should proceed in a normal way to produce and have ready for the farmer when his demands arise, an adequate supply of farm tools. Appreciating this fact, and also I appreciating that the financial prob lems involved in purchasing ma terials at the prevailing prices must have careful consideration, we made a study into the conditions maintain Ing after the wras of the past to see I what, if any, light could be secured as to the course of prices during the yea £,. t0 come. There have been two great wars during the past century—our Civil TJV<Tn/.n r p m 1 ? 61 t0 186 » tbe Franco-Prussian war of 1870 to During our Civil war there 1871. was but little destruction of prop-, erty, but the people of half of our country were in a starving condition at its termination. During the Franco-Prussian war there was large destruction of property, but food pro duction was not materially inter fered with and no considerable num ber of people faced famine. During the present world's war great de struction of property has occured and half of the world is now upon the verge of starvation; we must there fore conclude that we have to face, as an after-war condition, problems both as to material and food prices which prevailed after the two wars above referred to. War Prices in the Past ^'The price of foundry pig iron f. o. b. Philadelphia, when the Civil war broke out in 1861, was $20.35 per ton; when it closed in 1865, it was $46.12 per ton; in 1866, $46.87; in 1867, $44.12. "When the Franco-Prussian war broke out in 1870, the price of pig iron, f. o. b. Philadelphia, was $33.25 per ton; in 1871, $35.12; in 1872, $48.87. "Steel prices followed substanti ally the same course as pig iron dur ing both of these wars. "Mr. Hoover states that this country will be required to export, during the coming year, from twenty to twenty-five million tons of food stuffs .this against a normal peace exportation of six million tons and an exportation during last year of ap proximately twelve million tons. Government Regulation of Imple ment Industry "In addressing your convention to day I am going to take the liberty of discussing matters outside of the topic upon which you have requlested Iron and Steel Iinstitute meeting at New York last Monday. At this lat ter meeting was formulated the plan me to talk. I am doing this because I have just returned from the Atlan I tic City convention of war service | committees, and from the American | In reference to government fixed prices of steel after January 1, sub ( "'Say and* o'uinSd 1?«!5 morn ing papers. The recommendations of the steel institute includes a modest reduction in the price of iron and steel after January 1 and as the pro bable trend of prices is important to | ~ e implement dealers of the country I am going to review the conditions surrounding the same as I see them Government Control of Implement Industry Under the food bill and in accor | dance with the proclamation of the implement^ndustrv 11 ^^ h States ; th ? iunerlELn plaCed Urv of aaricoftn™ th . 6 se * re ' wlt f, a r 2t i n 't T 118 ' to f« tb « r wun a resolution of the senate has 11 juement inVst^Sfd °« °7 he 7 f6de , •_//. aad prlce8 T by 0ju® v certlti r *1" La8t , y certain members of the farm im Plements committee, the writer h^ton hv^tW fmiliLi* *!! t0 Wia8 . ll ' L ion t0 d f se ® jf?* tra 1 e c . omml8 - Ka tion At tha^Vi^L U /L der ^as actively hlfLi 1 «?, t i le ? uestl ° D the determination P6 !? pl0 aS to fl xed Dri .„ f a h °7 h , e Rovernment cr0D P A biI] wn . for . the 1919 t0 S' thi * T aB !tiun " this JhIh™ l ,2 '®° and wh,le Unnouncid" th« the P r «* ldent bushed it beiiu^d' 2 °» i^ r time that aa 181 t . he of artl „ Ifi -Unh 1 th«° 8 f b e pr, ® e purch^ woT.M h^on^J h&i , to > advance d controlled against mi, ' __ _. , ... f rfld „ the federal Sentio^^f ih»f ' ? d to i he t hl " of ^ i" pl( " a, , ntal " same as hoL mS. l and that , Ma v, rch> 1917 transportation larg^advance ^ t « h ® „eaL in thi 17 7/ a ? } n " volved increases in the , ln ' I ® cases in the cost of im cent'si'nce thosTnHrif w® 17 2 7 PCr Thii beina nndi^tn / made ' e m ™ 8 ^ WayS and the ^mnTfmen^ f 1 8 ,® c '? re t0 Lold anv^urthlr^dl^ rel , l6f ' ? nd A g°i re Z ImS® n prce ' nle£enf« far " 7" nKSia S interviewed Mr. director of iron and steel raneedTo/ «"lUS b ?*wh W a° ar ' ill af ? g r J he , Amer " yokr Cnv Thk^mMHn^t® " ee T tlag t0< ^. k place RepWle^oresent * J ly W h Mr ' K piogle Present. Reduction in Iron and Steel Prices to Implement Industry I "When the facts which I have stated were brought to the attention of the iron and steel industry by the farm implements committee and Mr. Replogle it was finally determined I by the steel institute to reduce the price of steel for ipmlement manu facture $5.00 per ton, effective July 15. This reduced price has main I tained since that time. During this period and up to January 1 next the I government flxed price of steel is $2.90 while the price of implement steel is $2.65. A little later a gov ernment fixed price was determined on malleable iron, which meant an increase over prices that had pre viously been paid of something like $100.00 a ton. The farm implements I committee again became active and | thru its influence and the under standing of the necessity of main taining favorable implement prices to the farmers these radical vances were avoided. While this left considerable amount of Increased I cost to be absorbed by the implement industry, it still gave that industry an opportunity to meet the govern ment. view and make substantially the same prices on implements for the 1918 to 1919 season that had I maintained during the previous year, It should be thoroly understood, how ever, that the present price of imple ments is considerably less than the present markets would demand and are only maintained because of the preferential prices secured by the implement industry on certain classes of its material and because of the decreased profit which that in dustry is receiving that the farmers might not be handicapped in secur in 8 to o ls to raise a maximum crop. ad ...... The red *?ction in the price of steel f ec ommended to the war industries board and effective after January 1 Is $4.00 per ton. This makes the new price of steel, after January 1, generally $2.70 per hundred against a present price of $2.90. But this new price of steel is still $1.00 a ton higher than the implement industry has been pffjdng since the fifteenth of last July. It will therefore be seen that the new price of steel does not effect any saving in cost to the im plement industry, but on the con trary is higher than the price we now enjoy. Price Reductions in Steel Future Trend of Prices The implement industry has on hand practically all of the material required to produce the goods which will be sold to the farmers during the coming Bpring season, conse quently there is nothing in the trend of the market that could afford any relief in cost for the spring season. It is important that the dealers should understand this so that they may be able to conduct their busi ness in a customary manner and pro vide for» the normal needs of the farmers in the usual way without fearing loss thru depreciation of in ventory. It is also well for the deal ers to understand that there can be no substantial reduction in the price of any class of material until the cost of living comes down. The Cost of Living Mr. Hoover has announced that it will require the exportation of twenty million tons of food stuffs to take care of the demands upon this country from starving Europe. This against an exportation last year of only twelve million tons and under pre-war conditions of only six mil lion. The people of Europe have for four years been deprived of an ade quate amount at meat and it Is go ing to require an unusual exporta products to meet this demand. As corn is the principal food of meat animals, this means an unusual demand for corn and a con sequent high price. With these fac tors in view and the fact that the president of the United States has fixed the price of wheat for the next year's crop at $2.20 per bushel, there is no possibility of any decline in the cost of living. In addition to this, we have four million men in uniforms, while they remain in the army they use much more clothing than they do in civil life. Army training has so changed the physical character of these men that their civilian clothing will not fit them when they are demobilized. The fat man has grown thin and the thin man has taken on flesh, consequently each of these men must buy a new civilian outfit when he returns to private life. This is going to make such a demand for cloth and, in turn, for cotton and wool that prices for these commodities must remain high until after the army is demobilized. It will be readily seen that all of these factors tend toward the main tenance of the high cost of living for the next six to twelve monthB. Gov ernment price fixing agencies have endeavored to fix the price of com modities upon a basis properly re lated to the cost of living, and while there may be some industries which have been securing more than . „ a UB - ual profit and the prices of whose commodities must be reduced some whta before the cost of living de clines, in the main it is not possible to reduce the products of labor until the cost of living comes down so that labor itself can afford to take lower wages. Reduction in the Price of Labor The steel companies, as I under stand it, in their recent reduction in price have given up any unusual profit that they have been making and that generally speaking, no fur ther reductions can be made reduc ing wages. It is the general policy of the busi ness men of this country not to re duce wages except as the cost of liv ing goes down. This means that it cannot be expected that there will be any radical decline in the price of commodities except as the cost of liv ing is reduced,- so that the general barometer which will determine the fluctuation of price is the amount of money that the farmer gets for the commodities that he raises, and if the implement dealer, will keep in touch with the market of the products of the farmer the dealer will be able to gauge the market upon the pro ducts he sells, for when the price of the farmers produce commences to go down so that the cost of labor can be correspondingly decreased, then will the price of implements and other commodities be affected so that declines therein may be anticipated. These reductions, of coursefl oecur ing some reasonable period after farmers' prices have declined, so that these declines reach the consumer of farm products. It is the duty of the implement dealer to conduct his business in a normal and logical way so that the farmer may be able to produce the biggest crop in his history. It is up to the American farmer now to determine whether or not this j country will supply the needs of Bn rope and thus enable us to quiet the social dissolution so prevalent ,get I. the people of those countries back in l a , 8 ni! e , Way ° f 'n 1 ? 1 ??' a ? d thls . nIy lif h e, dforlu > ngry t Uh U 8 lmpoS8lble with nenn] S « at whn Ct0ry peaC ^ o U ia e .iT h °t a e . u ^ dorfed ' and , t „' 8 ^possible to get Europe hack upon a stable social basis until the threat of famine has been removed. T h r i8 al ! , t Ii hat tbe American a ™ 8r 18 facing the most prosperous, period of his existence and that the ! h F ng t0 hi I" arlger returns than he has ever enjoyed be fore. It is the duty of the imple ment dealer to see that these returns are not handicapped by inability to secure implements in the usual quantity to carry on his farm tions. The Duty of the Dealer opera hC y / / / * / S 'i r, Bui/cf She ds / THE BEST ADVICE WE CAN GIVE IS i U BUILD SHEDS JJ THE NEXT BEST ADVICE IS Come Here for the Lumber ONE OBJECT OF BOTH THESE SUGGESTIONS IS TO SAVE YOU MONEY. YOUR STOCK WILL DO BETTER UNDER SHEDS THIS WINTER, SAVING YOU MONEY IN FEED. YOU CAN GET BET TER LUMBER FOR LESS MONEY HERE, SAVING YOU MONEY ON THE BILL. \ R.VICE FIRST V HARDWARE QUAUTK ALWAYS •i -4 IANDERSONsSONS LUMBER CO Jf/- .MODERN HOMES tl.A HDE VS OH, MGR _ -~ >>■ , mO: -v--^ _; v fv .^ydP^jv ' -LUMBER, BUILDING MATERIAL - BL foA r nn OT 'y\ " I 7 „ ;,"V4n #/f,!• an 3 Bit of prance : and French : _ By Mrs. Byrd Trego. _ France concentrates her agricul tural population into villages and communes. We who understand the ethics of trade and industry claim this method creates a balance of po litical forces that guarantees a just distribution of the results of its whole productive energy; that the well adjusted commercial conditions of rural France are wholly due to its separation into Villages and com munal bodies. As agriculture is the paramount industry of France in normal peace times, she guards it carefully against all influences that would tend to impair it seriously. She takes the opposite views of Eng land in maintaining a stability of market and product, that is quite to her credit in caring for her dense France has always maintained a well poised relation of all industrial and productive factors thru judicious conserving laws. The solidity of her whole economic fabric has at times made her the envied of all nations. She has frequently been called upon for financial aid and re lief by other nations, whose bril liance of industrial ' achievements have brought them disorder. France has ever persued serenely a steady march of industrial progress, unset tled only by trancient disturbances that occasionally arise. She has a way of maintaining steady, health ful, virtue preserving employment for two-thirds of her people, with an indirect influence that extends to four-fifths of the whole population. This is one of the prime reasons for the speedy liquidation of her colos sal war indemlty of 1870. In fact no other country has maintained Buch evenly balanced agricultural rela tions. world do we find such skillful regula tions as has been revealed in mod ern France. population. Nowhere in the western A few statistics disclose the fact that in 1900 there were in France over 18,000 communes and towns with a poulation not exceeding 500 representing a total of 5,000,000. There were 10,000 towns not 1000 in population, making an ag gregate of 7,000,000. 5000 towns not exceeding 2000 in habitants, with an entire family of 7,000,000. Therefore her agricul tural body is divided into over 33, 000 communes and towns, with a combined total of over 22,000,000 people. The rural element also dom inates largely towns of more inhab itants. The total population in 1911 was 39,601,509. There are 207,054. square miles within its territory. So steady and sure are the kets of France that for a period of sixty years reaching from 1840 to 1900 the price of wheat only varied 6 cents per bushel. Of course there is some good farmer who wonders what the price of wheat was during that period. The only information 1 find reads like this: "Between 1840 an d 1870, the average price of wheat In France was forty-seven shilling Per quarter, while for the second period, from 1870 to 1900, the aver Age priqe was forty-five shilling per quarter, a difference of only two shillings per quarter, or about 6 cents per bushel, for the period of sixty years." If France had suffered as did Eng land during the years from 1870 to 190 °- the 8arae rat, ° 1 mean, she would have lost $4,000,000 on her wheat alone. So much for the con 8erving P° ,,c y ot t h « French govern ment ,n the past - Now we will watch her future with intense in terest. P. s.: Perhaps I haven't made it plain that all farmers live in small towns. They go out to their fields in the morning to work, returning to thelr town or village or commune homes at night over There were mar ♦ Mrs. Robert Patterson of Pingree was. in Blackfoot between trains Friday enroute to Pecabo, Idaho, where she will spend a few days at tending to government affairs.