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OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY Vol. XV. No. 34 BLACKFOQT, BINGHAM COUNTY, IDAHO, FRIDAY, MARCH 7, 1919 $3 a Year NEWSPAPERS TRYING TO SURVIVE REGARDLESS OF DESTROYING ELEMENTS i Long List of Losses Bring Them, Together in Coun cil. Friendly Conference With Farm Bureau Executives to Right Some Wrongs CUTTING OUT MISTAKES AND WASTE / There was a sitting of press presentatives Tuesday afternoon with the executive board of the farm bureau, to talk over matters of bet ter service for the bureau and the farmers and to' ask that the bureau modify some practices that are de stroying the newspapers. New Executive Board A new executive board began its administration on that date, and the men of the press said they came to renew their offers of free and better service to the bureau that had been tendered to proceeding boards and treated with kindly indulgence and apparently forgotten as soon as the men of the quill quit talking. The matter dated back to the day the bureau was organized, when it was mentioned that there should be some means of conveying the plans and messages of the county agent quickly to the public and the free use of the press was tendered, but not accepted. The bureau said it wanted a medium of its own, bearing a name of its own, and further stated that the goverment recommended print ing a circular or bulletin at stated periods of about once a month, pretty much as the weather bureau does. Bureau Sturts in Newspaper Business This plan was followed, and much of the news in it ceased to be news by the time the month rolled arflund and the circular was printed and mailed. changed into bulletin or magazine form and it took on advertising like the newspapers do. This increased the work and expense and the county agent asked for a clerk to take part of his work off of his hands and to handle the proposed labor or employ ment office for him. When half a dozen of the local business men as sembled at the city hall in February, 1918 to raise the $2400 or guarantee its payment for paying the extra ex pense of the labor office for the farmers, Editors Jones and Trego were among the number, and Mr. Trego sounded a note of warning, saying that if the farm bureau was going to go on hiring help at public expense to engage in the newspaper business it would tend to destroy private enterprises already estab lished, because they had to pay their own office help out of the income of the business rather than out of the public treasury or from funds raised by popular subscription or the guarantee of public spirited men such as were at that moment asked to gaarantee this $2400. He said lie was willing to shoulder his $400 or whatever his share might be, but be was not satisfied to pay it to a competitor for clerk hire to enable the farm bureau to go out and take bis own business partly away from bim. He wanted the farm bureau money used to advance the interests of agriculture and not to hire help to go into the newspaper business or the milling business or the mer cantile business in competition with firms that stood on their own re sources and paid their own expenses out of the revenues of the business. Newspapers Gradually Crippled W. C .Sollenberger was present, and said he saw the unfairness of what was developing, and recognized the merits of Mr. Trego's attitude, and said he, as county commissioner and pnember of the farm bureau board, would Bee that consideration was given to the matter. Whatever was done in that line did not adjust the matters complained of, for the farm bureau kept on enlarging the scope of its newspaper activities, taking on more and more advertising and making it harder all the time for the newspapers, for as the farm bureau publication received more of the local advertising, there was leita left for the newspapers, and as their revenues were cut off they had to cut . down the news .service. The Idaho Republican cut down from twenty re Then the circular was » Orpheum Theatre Mon. only, Mar. 10 * The Rotation Stock company, E. Forrest Taylor and Miss Ada Daniels Friday—Saturday MARY PICKFORD in in HOW COULD YOU JEAN << « THEMANTHEY LEFT BEHIND Its the best one so far... Get your tickets early. Seats at Dustins Sunshine Comedy Saturday matinee 2.30 or twenty-four pages a week to six teen pages a week ,and had a hard time to keep up to that. The Optim ist had its difficulties and met them in its own way, add the little daily put out a distress call in December saying that unless the community came to its aid with donations it would die. The tri-weekly coming out often but in abbreviated size, had its difficulties, and the manage ment announced in a recent issue that 80 per cent of its stock was owned by farmers of Bingham county and that there was no hope of flnan cial gain for them; that they are furnishing their capital for what' good it will do in advancing the agricultural interests of the county; that if the farmers would attend to bringing in the subscriptions to build the circulation, the paper would grow. Assessing the Press Besides At *the Tuesday sitting of the farm bureau board, the members of the press, presenting their case thru Trego as spokesman, called attention of the board to the above matters and to the further fact that all the while the newspapers were having part of their revenues absorbed by the publication, which the govern ment furnishes editorial and clerk hire to run, the government thru its many departments, were asking the newspapers to give it free advertis ing and free publicity of every kind to help- win the war and no such burdens were pressed upon the farm bui-eau paper. All of the various committees collecting money in war drives assessed the newspapers, and the farm bureau was not assessed. It was not requried to buy liberty bonds nor contribute to the* Red Cross nor the Y. M .C. A. nor the seven war drives nor to carry the burdens of local committees when they wanted publicity and job print ing for which there was no money to pay—the farm bureau paper simply took the cream of advertising, the government paid the salaries of those who did the writing, proof reading, bookkeeping, mailing and collecting, while the newspapers paid the cash for all workers doing similar work, donated more or less job printing for public good and carried the mes sages in printed matter for the de partment of the treasury, war depart ment, the marines, the shipbuilding program, the calls for help for the hundred and one departments want ing stenographers, clerks, draftsmen and others, the calls for civil service examination. Red Cross and surgical dressing wants, the department of agriculture in all its forms, the unverslty extension work, the Albion Normal, the Idaho Tech, and so on around the circle till it took a great deal of an editor's tlmq even to read and decide how much to handle and how much to reject. Newspapers Hope to Recover The men of the press said they were not complaining of conditions, nor making any demands of the bureau, but Bald they ( were glad to be heard, and relied upon the bureau to consider the facts as presented, and see if they can find a way to stop building up one desirable insti tution by fearing down some others. The bureau thanked them for the Information and said they would take it under advisement. DITCH MEETINGS SCHEDULED The Danskin Ditch company will hold their annual meeting at the Riverside hall Tuesday, March 11 commencing at 1.30 and the Corbet Slough company will meet at the city hall ift regural annual session, Saturday, March 8. . Tile Falrview Lateral Canal com pany attended to matters of business at their annual meeting held Tues day afternon, March 4 at the city hall. u. « "SEND US HOME" By Lieutenant Qrantland Rice, Third Amy, A. E. F. France may hare Alsace-Lorraine; Italy can grab her share; Slip the British Turkey-Spain, Or a slice of old Ukraine, Africa, or anywhere; But so far as we'rq concerned, Looking back across the foam, With our faces westward turned All we ask is—"Send us Home." Belgium has a'worthy claim On the war chest of the Hun; Serbia may well exclaim "We were also in the game When you scored the winning run." But concerning just our stake. Hiking thru the muddy loam, We have one request to make— All- we ask is—"Send us Home." Maybe we have done our part; Anyway, we gave Qur best; Tho a trifle slow to start We came thru with willing heart When we bumped against the test; Now when all rewards are due, Peering thru the wiptry gloam, . This is all we seek from you— All we ask is—"Send us Home." SENSIBLE ECON OMY IN PRINTING i How the Courts Cut the Printing Bills and Make Saving PRINTERS GLAD For many years a source of ex pense and dissatisfaction has been ruffling the spirits of printers, law yers and county officials, in connec tion with the printing of court calen dars, whicli are a program of cases to be tried in the district court, and printing briefs and transcripts, which are reviews of evidence and argu ments in book form for the use of judges of-the supreme court review ing cases' that go up on appeal. Long ago when printing was cheap, when machinery was cheap and printers worked for about $2.50 to $3.00 a day, briefs and transcripts were printed for 75 cents and $1.00 a page. Ten years ago the cost of these things and other printing ma terials had gone up so that & print ing house delivered that kind of aj job at those prices, he did not more than get expenses out of it, and pro gressive managers got so they wav ered between refusing the business or doing it at cost to accomodate the courts, or raising the price and having to admit that he was above the market price and asking more than the rate approved by the courts. Neither course was agreeable to all. The printing of court c&lendars suf fered about the same handicaps. In the meantime the mimeograph has been developing into a pretty good instrument, and as typists have acquired such fine skill that they can give exactly the same touch or stroke to each and every key and letter, it has become possible for the typist to make perfect stencils to govern the impressions on the mimeograph. While this was going on, paper makers developed a mimeograph paper that would take the impres sions more perfectly and not "run" the letters Into odd and sloppy forms that made difficult reading. Bingham county used to hand a job of printing to some printing house on Friday morning before court convened on Monday; and then the house worked early and late to rush the job thru by Saturday after noon ao the books could be ready for distribution among the attorneys who would begin demanding them about Saturday morning, could not be printed sooner because the record could not be closed sooner. The printer's bill would be about $46 or $50 and he would not care whether ue ever got another such order, because it was a rush job and bore little or no profits for him . Now the typist makes a few pages of stencils on her typewriter, does a little printing on the mimeograph staples them together in sets and the job Is done. The county stenog rapher or typists in the county of fices can take care of this work In connection witl\ the rest of their duties, and it wipes out a large ex pense bill. The same can be done with briefs and- trascrlpts, and courts will have something they can read, and printers will be saved from the embarrassment of doing work that Is just about like the^lruggist keep ing a stock of postage stamps on hand to re-sell to belated people who fail to get in on time at the post office. They \ SPEED UPFOR ADJOURNMENT Idaho Solons Hurrying Work to Conclude ' Session This Week ADJOURN SOON BOISE, Idaho. March 4.—The fif teenth Idaho legislature will adjourn Friday or Saturday of this week, If the present plans of leaders in the two houses materialize. They are exerting every effort to move the im portant legislation out of the way so this can be accomplished. It is not possible, they say now, to adjourn sine die on the last scheduled day, Thursday, as had been hoped. Mem bers will have to work at least one S nd probably two days overtime. In lie meantime the more important bills are being considered. the house of representatives slaugh There will be no investigation of state institutions to determine where they will be permanently located in the future, thereby removing the biennial uncertainty that exists, for tered its own bill so providing today by indefinitely postponing it. This measure was introduced by the state affairs committee. It authorized the creation of a commission of five mem bers to recommend to the next leg islature where all' state institution* should be definitely located. Repre sentative Carpenter of Nez Perce moved that the bill be indefinitely postponed when it came up for third reading and final passage. The mo tion prevailed by viva voce vote. There was no debate and only a few feeble nay votes. Every session of the legislature there is agitation for the removal or consolidation of some state Institu tion with another. This session an attempt was made to consolidate the Albion Normal with the Idaho Technical institute at Pocatello, but the act so providing was killed. The revised fish and game bill was one of the more important measures passed by the house during the day. In it every sportsman in the state is interested. While it does not pro vide a fish and game commission, it vesta the state fish and game warden with greater powers and strengthens the law. There was no opposition to It in the house, where Representa tive Hugo of Latah county directed Its passage. Financial assistance was given to various sections of the state by the passage oP three senate bills by the house, sending them to the governor for approval. The first of these Is the Walker bill, appropriat ing $10,000 for the construction of a bridge across the Kootenai river at Lonero in Boundary county. The second appropriates $5000 for the improvement of Lava Hot Springs in Bannock county and $30,000 to improve the Snake'river at Lorenzo. There is a lot of government ex pense that can ' be wiped out when county officials are willing to create a printing committee to systemize the printing orders, and other com mittiees or experts to systematize other things that are now done on the hit and miss plan, governed by convenience and politics rather than by good hard business sense. The pinch of war has squeezed the nonsense out of a good many customs and ntyethods of doing things and peo ple should be awake to these changes and see that there Is no relapse to tl5e old-foolish ways of operating. V A BUSY TIME WITH GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS IN UNITED STATES AND ALL OTHER NATIONS German Empire in State of Unrest Greater Part of Time; President Heading for France to ' Continue Work of Peace Pact CONGRESS WORKING STEADILY Europe's Peace Map TUESDAY, March 4.—A new map of Europe is rapidly taking form, and within a week the frontiers of the old states will largely be defined as they are to appear in the peace treaty and the successlfe documents fixing territorial limits. First Hr importance is Germany's western frontier, bordering on France, which assumes international significance as a barrier against re newal of the present war. Owing to the* issues invojved, final deter mination of this question is left to the council of the great 'powers, but in the meantime the tentative plans have been well advanced by the com mission which co-ordinates reports on all frontier questions. Commis sions of $he Paris conference are busy on realignments and other post war work. President Addresses Governors WASHINGTON, March 3.—Open ing the White House conference of governors and mayors on peace time business and labor problems to day, President Wilson promised that the federal government would con sider itself the servant of the states, municipalities and, counties in solv ing readjustment problems, and would perform its duty, guided by suggestions of the conference. He torched on the league of nations pact to declare that conference is serving all interests. Germans Again Attack Poles POSEN, March 2.—The Germans, after three days of comparative quiet resumed attacks along the line upon the Poles today, according to reports from the Polish-German frontier. An armistice between the Poles and the Germans was agreed upon February 17. Since then, however, there has been more or less sporadic fighting along the front, in which the Polese accused the Germans of being the aggressives, but no general resump tion of the hostilities. Espionage Act Upheld WASHINGTON. March 3.—Con stitutionality of the so-called enlist ment section of the espionage act was, in effect, upheld today by the supreme court in sustaining convic tion under the act of Charles T Schenck and Elizabeth Baer of Phil adelphia on charges of sending non mailable circulars regarding the war to men within the draft ages. The sum and substance of the whole thing is, constitutionality is not passed on, but sentences are sus tained. Other important decisions are handed down by supreme bench. State of Siege In Berlin COPENHAGEN, March 4.—The Prussian government has declared a state of siege in the police districts of Berlin, Cpandau and other sub urbs in order "to protect the bulk of the working people from famine and other terror of the minority." Minister of war Noske, a dispatch fiom Berlin says, has assuemed ef ecutive power. A telegram from Berlin states that crowds forced their way into the various police stations in Berlin Monday night, disarmed the policemen and cut the telephone wires. Holland Neutral PARIS, March 4.—Dr. Loudon, who was formerly Dutch minister at Washington and was foreign min ister of Holland during the war, is in Paris for a brief sojourn. He said that comment in the Belgian press as to Holland's neutrality during the struggle was misleading, pointing out that , the orange books published by the Dutch government would prove the real facts. He deprecates very much the hostility of the Belgian press. He is in hopes that the Hague may be chosen as seat of the league of nations. China Denies Japan Pact PEKIN, Feb.28.—Chinese officials today emphatically denied that any understanding had been reached be tween China and Japan, as stated by Premier Hara in the Japenese diet. (The nature of the undersatnding to which Premier Hara Is 'credited with alluding Is not known, as no report of any statement by him to this effect has reached the United States.) President and Taft Speak NEW YORK, March 4.—On the eve of his return to the peace con ference, President Wilson delivered an address here tonight at the Metro politan opera house, urging establish ment of a league of nations. Former President Tift speaking from the same platform, also dutlined its rea sons for believing that a league should be formed to prevent future wars. Seek Aid of Bolshevik! BBRLIN, March 5.—The Sparta cans have inaugurated a movement to seize Koenigsberg, East Prussia, and thereby open a route of com munciation to Moscow so that Bol shevik armies from Russia might move to the assistance of the Sparta can forces, according to an official government bulletin today. Anarcy reported as increasing; bloody en oounter at Halle, with the Spartacans beaten. ON BORAD U. S. S. GEORGE 5.—The WASHINGTON, George Washington with the presi dent of the United States on board is heading along the quickest route for France, and is expected to reach her destination on the eighth day of the voyage. March Gontiue Control of Railroads WASHINGTON, March 5.—The government today determined'to re tain control of the railroads ,despite failure of congress to provide funds for the railroad administration, and to have the roads finance themselves for the next few months thru private loans on the open market or thru advances by the war finance corpora tion City Dads Met in Reg ular Session Tuesday Various Departments Report on Work Accomplished During v Past Month TAX MONEY TURNED IN TO CITY The city 'council met In regular session Tuesday evening, March 4. All members were present with tho exception of W. A. Beakley. The greater part of the time was devoted to the discussion of bonding the city to an extent that would cover the outstanding warrants. More definite announcements will be made on this question at a later date. Bills Allowed The monthly bills that had been filed were carefully gone over and allowances made in each case. War rants will be issued as usual. New Sexton Clyde Ekrl, who has faithfully served as sexton at the cemetery for a number of years, gave a general report of the councllmen, prepara tory to his leaving for California im mediately. The vacancy was fillefl by Davis, ,who has already taken op the work. The cemetery committee audited the books and accounts as kept under the administration of Mr. Earl. Departments Report The fire chief reported that the department had been called to three fires in the past month, none of which resulted in any great loss. He also reported that the chemicals for the fire, extinguishing chemical aparatus had arrived and the ma chines would be fitted up. The chief of police reported the re ceipts collected in fines, etc., to the council for the past month. Miss Gillespie, the city librarian, presented a very complete and en couraging report for the month of February. Altho there were Just twenty-three working days in the paBt month, the circulation of books was very high, and the average dally attendance and circulation as shown by the complete report published in library notes elsewhere in this is sue, was very good. Connecting With Railroad At the previous meeting a commit tee was appointed to consult C. E. Brooks, a representative of the O. S. L. at Pocatello, in the matter of connecting the new railroad water tank with the city water works, to be used in case of an emergency only. This question is still pending .and has been left for the next meet Ing. 1 Tax Money Paid Bingham county paid into the city fund the sum of $31,000, the amount due the city for delinquent tax money collected, also for half of the 1918 taxes. Bond City to Pay Warrants (Jie next meeting of the coun cil on Tuesday, March 18 and ordin ance will be passed providing for the issuance of bonds In the sum of $50,000 to care for outstanding war rants to that amount. This plan was adopted with the view of saving interest on outstanding warrants, which have amounted to a consider able sum during the past several years that they have been accumulat A bid by Keeley Brothers of Den ver for furnishing of all legal ad vice and documents was accepted. At ing.