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TRY FOR THE FIFTY-DOLLAR PRIZE offered
BY ECCLES HOTEL. DETAILS IN THIS ISSUE. <Uu- Kiiabn 2xruuiiltnm OFFICIAL PAPER OF CITY AND COUNTY Vol. XV. No. 35 BLACKFOOT, BINGHAM COUNTY. IDAHO. FRIDAY. MARCH 14, 1919 $3 a Year FIFTY DOLLARS OFFERED FOR PRIZE LETTER ON ROADS AND TAXES CONCERNING FARMER Eccles Hotel Offers Inviting Prize in Cash for the the Best Letter Sent Into This Office Before 10 o'Clock March 20 ALL BINGHAM COUNTY FOLKS ELIGIBLE A prize of $50.00 is offered by the A prize of $50.00 is offered by the Eccles Hotel of Blackfoot for the best short letter on "How good roads will enable the farmer to pay his heavier taxes more easily.'' Length of Letter The letter or statement must not contain more than 500 words and need not contain fifty unless the writers want them. The one that is considered best will draw the $50 check, and if the best can be said in ten words the writer will get $5 a vord. If it is said in fifty words the writer will receive $1.00 a word. Who Can Compete Any resident of Bingham county can enter this contest by sending in the contesting letter. There are no strings on the deal, read the letter it will be given fair consideration, whether typewritten, hand-written, with pen, pencil charcoal, we lay down no rules. Apy school lodge, church, commer cial club, sewing circle, guild, hospi tal, relief society, ditch company, firm or individual can compete. Time Expires Soon This contest is open till Thursday morning, March 20 at 10 o'clock. Decision will be made at that time, and the best letter will be published in our good roads edition. Eccles Hotel Pays the Money When the prize is awarded, the winner will receive a check for $50 from the Idaho Republican, but it will be reimbursed by the Eccles Hotel company, who takes this means of getting the people of Bingham county to studying the fruitful sub ject of road taxes, to see in what ways and in how many ways the farmer will be repaid for his outlay In good roads. The Eccles people believe in good roads and they willing to put up some of their own money to get you to study the mat ter and see the advantages as they exist. If we can or are Monument to Our County Three years ago Blackfoot was hesitating about laying pavements and the Eccles brothers said they would build a fine hotel If it voted the bonds for paving, but if it voted the bonds and paving down, they would not Invest in the town. They wanted to pay paving taxes because they knew the town would be better for it. Now we have the paving, we have the hotel, and some other build ings erected because the hotel was built. Now they put in with us again and challenge us to study the ques tion of good roads from the farmers' standpoint and the $50 is ready for the winner. Get busy quick! 35-2 IN THE DISTRICT COURT In the case of the state against Frank Martin charged' with grand larceny, the jury brought in a ver dict of not quilty. Sarah Ellen Wlaller vs Fred Waller judgment for the plaintiff. State against Emerson and Isaac Sandy, Dan Fisher and Ben Teats, verdict of not guilty. M. Boyle vs C .A .Swope, verdict for the defendant. A. F. Rill vs Lee Bowen, judgment by default in favor of plaintiff. C. G. Fargo vs John A. Parson, verdict of $65 damages for the plain tiff. The following cases are continued for the term: Needham-Fall Co. vs W. A. Lindberg; Louie Mark vs Pln gree-Riverside Ditch company and Harry Horton. C. H. Westley vs A. Grimaud. The case of Swan Berg vs Ptereus Berg and Axel Carlson, verdict for the plaintiff for $721.37 and no at torney's fee. Dan Fisher and Ben Teats are in jail awaiting trial. Orpheum Theatre Friday Saturday WALLACE REID Monday Tuesday REX BEACH'S in Tremendous drama of redemp tion U BELIEVE ME ZANTIPPE << LAUGHING » BILL HYDE >» A show you can't afford to miss Sunshine Comedy Roaring, lions and the midnight express SATURDAY MATINEE 2.30 « Its a Goldwyn pic ture PATHE NEWS TUESDAY MATINEE 2.30 ft Frank DeKay Tells of His Adventures Saw Nearly Every Part of France and Enjoyed it all Very Much WOUNDED IN SEPTEMBER As we stated in our last issue, Frank DeKay Jr. is home from France. Mr. DeKay was in the 161st field hospital division, with which company he served a little over a year in France, after having trained four months in the United States, at Camps Green and Mills. Mr. DeKay's work in France often brought him within the danger zone and things were quite hot and in teresting for him at times. It was while driving an amunition truck that he was wounded in the right arm, on the morning of September 26 and compelled to retire to a less exposed position, that of a hospital, where he was obliged to remain until a few weeks ago, when he was dis charged from San Francisco. The wounded limb is gradually getting back to normal and it will just be a matter of time until it is as good as ever. Mr. DeKay says the efficiency in the medical department of the army is indeed something to be marveled at, and justly worthy of the highest praise. He has seen men and boys brought into the hospital when all chance of recovery looked absolutely hopeless, and in a reasonable length of time they have been nursed back to life, by scientific care and skill administered by the doctors. From the time he was taken to the hospital in France until he arrived in San Francisco he was much disappointed at not receiving a single letter, altho he knew there must be scores some place in the country belonging to him. He says the consoling feature of it is that no one else is receiving any, so it gradually becomes a mat ter of course, but behind it all there is a little pang of loneliness that is hard to overcome at times. A day or so ago he was delighted to receive a little package containing over 100 of the letters he had missed in France. They had been following him around and overtook him at home. Much to his satisfaction and edu cational interest Mr. DeKay was favored by accidental seeing nearly every portion of France, altho he never had a day's furlough after landing in France. Mr. DeKay joined with several of the Blackfoot boys at Boise and they were together for nearly a year, i Bert Pennington and Tom Bumgar ner were in his company until April 1918 and since that time he did not see either of them until he met Tom after arriving home. Mr. DeKay just spent three days in our city in the\past three years and he finds a mraked improvement and expansion in the business dis trict. The paving and the fine new brick business houses on Broadway and Bridge streets look progressive to his notion. However, the resi dence 'districts have not grown as rapidly as he had anticipated. Taking it all in all Frank wouldn't take a good deal for all the exper iences of the eighteen months' train ing, nor would he give very much to go thru it again. ^ At present he will make his home with his parents here. m BLACKFOOT FINANCIER TALKS OF VARIOUS BUSINESS CONDITIONS AT CLOSE OF ff AR His Analysis of After-War Conditions Fit Bing ham County Now. Talked for Publication Last August; True Enough to Reprint "A PROPHET IN HIS OWN COUNTRY tt Alexander Younie gave us an in terview last August on a subject of what should be done to keep the country prosperous after the and it rings so true at this time, reprint it for the good it will do, and to do honor to the man whose keen memory and clear analysis, coupled with his vision of futures, is of inestimable value to our citi zens now. war, we The matter was brought to our at tention a few days ago in a peculiar way that is worth relating to readers. William A. Reade of 2032 Claybourne avenue, Chicago, wrote this office a letter on the fourth of March relative to the Ludlow Typo graph, a new modern invention that we have decided to install in the Re publican office as a companion piece to the linotype, and took occasion to remind us of Mr. Younie's wis dom by saying, "Mr. Younie was right, but very few people can take •this long view." we lost interest in the typograph and began looking back to see what it was that Mr. Younie had said, thinking that a man down in Chicago was put ting one over us to know our fel low-townsmen and his savings better than we did. Here is what Mr. Younie said about how to keep in dustries going and keep the country porsperous after the war: our For the moment Mr. Younie's Prophetic Remarks Mr. Younie has led a very active life, is a keen observer, has a, good memory, and has been very success ful in all his undertakings, eighty years of age and is still strong and is the peer of any man in the county in his ready grasp of business matters, taken unawares or when they have time for meditation, and we asked him to tell something about conditions after the Civil war and he spoke about as follows: "At the close of the Civil war everybody had money and the first year or so was a period of great ma terial development and prosperity. Everybody was pushing some enter prise, building or developing some thing. The second year things were not so brisk; the third year was worse, and it continued worse until the panic of '73. That was brought on by trying to pay off the war debt too rapidly. We had fought the wai* thru by issuing greenback money based on the credit of the govern ment, and when they set about pay ing this off too rapidly it reduced the vitality of the nation just as it would reduce the vitality of a man to drain him of a large amount of his blood, for a nation's money is its blood. "At the close of Napoleon's wars, England was in debt worse than America is likely to be, per capita, at the close of this war, and her eminent men did not think they could ever pay off the public debt. So they planned merely to keep the interest paid up, and by evading the greater burden of paying off the principal they kept up the prosperity of the nation, and the increased wealth by this prosperous condition of the nation, made them the great nation they have since become. If they hdd levied heavy taxes in the attempt to pay off all the war debt in a short time to stop the interest it would have brought on stagnation by making it impossible to carry on ordinary enterprises, and the mo ment stagnation begins and the peo ple at large begin to lose their time —become unproductive—the great est possible losses are ushered in. When the mass of the people lose their time—when they change from He is productive to unproductive days, they lose not only what they have, but what there was in prospebt for them. If a nation is in debt so deep that a liquidate at once or in a short period would bankrupt them and de stroy all enterprise, it is better to spread such payments over a period of fifty years and get the benefit of the increased wealth. Gladstone made a great speech on this subject about fifty-years after the close of Napoleon's wars and he said the ma terial wealth of England had in creased more in fifty years under the great war debt than it had in 500 years before that. a united nation can do when they are working, and working to a pur P° 8e - ' It shows what I have personally seen and studied all the panics since 1857, and I know, or at least I am fully convinced that any great shrinking of the money of a nation brings on a painc. Any great draught on the money stream, anything that diverts a great amount of capital from the channels of trade or from the channels of legitimate enterprise, is likely to bring on panic. Suppose this nation shall be in debt a hundred billion dollars at the close of this war, and we should levy heavily on all the Incomes and tax the millionaires and multimil lionaires in great lump sums to pay off the national debt, it would para lyze industry; one enterprise after another would come to a standstill; other enterprises would be deprived of their circulating ihedium, and a panic would probably- follow, pie would not only lose the expected profits of business, but they would lose all, and would lose the product of their own labor besidese, and that is the greatest calamity of all, for when people quit working and pro ducing, the great loss and suffering follows. "But on the other hand, if at the close of the war, provision is made to keep business going and let the debts stand, merely paying off one fiftieth part of the principal each year, the constant production of wealth thru industry—the increased wealth of the nation will pay off the debt and we shall hardly feel it. Where I used to live in Iowa, our lit tle county got in debt-$90,000, and things looked so desperate it seemed as if we could never pay it off, but we arranged to distribute the pay ments over a long period of time and we paid it and never felt it. We were astonished at the results; the increased wealth of the county, coupled with a seedy prosperity and upholding of every enterprise in a good healthy condition wiped out the debt almost unobserved. "Australia war wheat is piled high along the open- country by the railroad tracks. Other countries are starving for wheat and Australia panicky because they have too much wheat. Agrentine is in the same condition and they are burning corn for fuel, unable to sell grain or ship in coal. Their livestock has doubled in numbers during the war and other countries are starving for meat products. When the war is over and shipping is released so that vessels can go to those countries and bring their surplus stocks and pour them into the markets of the world, some thing is going to happen. It will dis turb our own farmers and farm prices, and it will be a time when we shall need the greatest minds in our legislative halls to met the greatest emergency the world has ever known. We shall need to keep enterprises a Peo Continued on page eight IDAHO RECLAMATION ASSOCIATION MAKE PLANS TO CONTINUE RECLAMATION WORK State Association Held Session at Pocatello »r»d Plan on a State-Wide and Nation-Wide Scale for the Little Gem State <9 Money Appropriated by State For Work There a^is a meeting of the repre sentatives of the different counties of the Idaho Reclamation association at Pocatello Monday at the Bannocn Hotel at noon. The twenty people assembled were the guests of S. E. Brady, president of the association and president of the Pocatello Com mercial club, at dinner. The business of the day was trans acted at the table and they adjourned subject to the call of the chair. Ar rangements were made to open permanent office at Pocatello thru which to handle reclamation matters and all efforts at legislation. Mat ters pertaining to Idaho In congress and the department of the interior will be handled by it, and it is the intention to continue it thru the years. The active part of the work will be in the hands of a secretary who will devote all his time to it, and he will employ such office help as is needed. The secretary will have to do considerable traveling over the irrigable sections of the state, and a capable private secretary and stenographer will have charge of the office. Each county will be represented by branch workers committees under direction of a vice president who will be the county chairman. a or State Has the Money The state has appropriated $100, 000 for use in preliminry work for home making projects and'ismploy ing soldiers and sailors. Each county is authorized to expend not to ceed $1000 for preliminary surveys under the 1911 session laws and Secretary Lane's bill asking for $100,000,000 for reclamation west of the Mississippi will 'be Introduced again at the extra session of con gress. The work of the Reclamation association is to direct the work of applying expenditures of these funds, to see that Idaho receives its share and that the various counties hav ing semi-arid lands receive attention. Eacn county will be represented in the state work and the state will be represented in the national work. All of the western states are organ izing on some such plan, and Idaho has the resources to make a good showing in the division of funds and should receive much of it. Will Spend its Own Money None of the appropriations made by county, state or nation will be used for this work of publicity and expenses of the reclamation associa tion, but it will raise the funds by membership drives in each county at $1.66 apiece and the counties most Interested will have a chance to show it by their activity and the pressure they bring to bear upon the work. As the money is raised in each county it will be apportioned. 25 per cent being kept in the local treasury and 75 per cent turned over to the state association. The assess ment or budget for 1919 is $16,000 dollars, $12,000 of which is esti mated will be needed for the state work. ex Had Some Applicants Three applications were handed in for the position of secretary, H. G. Knight a reporter and advertising solicitor of Idaho Ffells, J. R. Jones manager of the Bingham County News and Captain R. N. McCracken of Boise. The salary asked in the different cases ranged from $175 a month to $300 and none of the three was accepted. Expressions of the executive board Indicated that they wanted a man whose service is worth from $4000 to $5000 year, and that a man known to be worth that kind of a salary will be sought out. He must have a knowledge of the state and its men, and must be eminently qualified as a leader, a planner, an organizer and a pub licity man. + WHO CAN VOTE ON BONDS County Attorney Adair informs us that anyone who is a qualified voter has the right to vote on the coming bond election to authorize the sale of bonds for road work. A measure was introduced in the legislature providing that a ma jority instead of two-thirds of the voters could carry a bond election, but owing to the fact that no prop erty qualifications attaches to the voting privilege, the bill did not pass and owners of property have that added protection over and above the majority. tf. TAKING TREAT MENT FOR RABBIES Mrs. E. R. Martin of Springfield, who was bitten by a dog affected with rabbles a short time ago. is taking treatments from Dr. McKinnon of Aberdeen. A. J. Snyder was bitten by the same dog and Is also taking treat Methods That Make and Keep People Poor E. Lady Employer Studies Ways of Poor* People Who Work and Make Nothing for Employers a LOSE OUT AND FIND FAULT (By the Editor) Down at my home I have a quarter of a block of ground to farm or cul tivate in flowers and sheep-pasture, and I don't try to do all the heavy work myself. I used to work nights and mornings to keep myself from getting too fractious, but I am is my fifty-first year now, and I find I getting quite gentle and don't to need so much strong-arm work to keep me down. I find I can write better stuff and more of it if I forget the yard and go to the office early and just take a little exercise at night. We hire somebody to clean up the yard in the spring and spring we had five different boys the job and one man. am seem one on Speak Kindly and Spoil 'Em None of these boys belong to wealthy families, and I don't , sup pose they would feel insulted if I said some of them are poor. My wife and I have been studying the poor and studying why they are poor, and we studied these several boys to see how they work and how they care for their tools, and we have kept saying, "No wonder they are poor." A couple of fellows who Jre as big as their dads, hired out to irfrs. Trego and pitched in and raked leaves and hustled around pretty well the first shift, but I came home at night and chatted with them a little, told them I was glad they had come, and glad to have the work off of my hands. I didn't know I was go ing to spoil them by extending them that sort of a welcome. The next morning I got out by old sharp shovel and the file Jhat I use to keep it keen and when they came Mrs. Trego put them to trim min g some sod borders, but do you think those big duffers would keep the shovel sharp? No sir, they didn't seem to know how to sharpen a shovel. Said the shovel was sharp endugh; one would dig while the other watched, then the other would dig while one watched. Theoretic ally, one was to follow up and shake out the sods to separate the roots from the soil, but only one could work at a time. The other would be examining fish worms and pebbles and fumbling around. At the end of the first shift I had handed them their money at the rate of 25 cents on hour; they left it to me to say how much and I thought that enough and they seemed pleased. The second shift when they worked one at a time it amounted to paying worker 50 cents an hour and it be came somewhat of a joke. Every effort to set each pf them a task by himself and keep him working alone was a failure. They would always find some reason why they should double up on each job, and really work one at a time. Planned to Loaf Much There was some ashes to wheel up the alley, along the walk and out along the street Into the ruts. Their plan for that was to have one'oper ate the wheel-barrow and the other do the shoveling to load the barrow. It amused Mrs. Trego to see what was Continued on page four YOUR EYES Are affected—changed—weak ened—by every severe sickness. Are yon keeping your lenses changed to save them from itrain that undermines your future health? DR. H. H. SCARBOROUGH THE SPECIALIST Will be at the Eccles Hotel Tuesday and Wednesday, March 18—19 Let him stop your headaches and eye defects.