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r r.r.lI IIA|l\ I I Jiff J TAA jH|iriI CDKW 1 Vv IflUL/H ulUUrl 'ft U. S. Department of Agriculture Gives In formation of Ra tion of Animals PASTURE NEEDED Essentials of Economi cal Milk and Butter Production Given * Profitable dairying does not con sist in prducing the greatest possible quantity of milk. It does consist, however, in pro ducing the greatest possible quantity of milK at the lowest ppssible cost. To produce more milk, many dairymen feed too much grain, and pile up stftpendous feed bills. But the grain does not always increase the flow of milk above what it would have been without grain, enough to pay the difference in the feed bill. Dairy specialists of the United States department of agriculture believe that in many cases more grain is fed to dairy cows that can he justi fied by the results in milk and but terfat. If your neighbor told you that his cow, that had not eaten a pound of grain for a whole year, produced 3000 pounds more milk and ninety pounds more butterfat than she ever did when fed the regular, grain and roughage ration—weli.whajt woulh you believe if your neighbor told you that? And yet, that lias actually hap pened. At least, that is substantially the story that the United States de partement of agriculture tells about its Holstein cow, Helen Uilkje Calamity 145857. Up to the time Helen was eight years old, she had always been fed a grain, silage, and roughage ration, and the best she had ever done was 11,778.2 pounds of milk and 368.39 pounds of bitterfat. When,she was eight years old, that being in the spring of 1918, it was decided to feed her no grain for a year. She lived for a full twelve months on pasture, silage and roughage. And that year she produced 14,210.1 pounds of milk and 470.24 pounds of butterfat. The experiment was carried out at Huntley, Mont. % \ A Revolutionary Cow Helen may properly be referred to Some as a revolutionaray cow. other cows, in cow-testing associa tions and elsewhere, have shown similar tendencies. And the result is that the dairy specialists are urging dairymen to see if it is not possible to produce milk and butter without feeding so much grain as is com monly fed. Dairymen, they say, must get away from the idea that all there is to be done is to feed grain and roughage. No man, they say, is justified in be lieving that any particular system of feeding is the only system that will work successfully. Hoo verize Now t Have your auto overhauled by Modern Garage company repairing only All work guaranteed. Prices reasonable. No job too small; none too big. Gas, oil and accessories for all cars strictly cash Closing Out Sale Having sold my farm I will sell to the highest bidder all of my per sonal property at my place ten mfles west and two miles south of Blackfoot, one and one-fourth south and one-fourth west of the Thomas store on Tuesday, Feb. 24 Sale will start promptly after early lunch 8—-HORSES—8 One gray team, 8 and 9 years old, 2800 pounds; 1 good team, age ranging from 5 to 7 years, about 2800 pounds; 1 bay horse, 6 years, 1400 pounds; 3 yearling colts. 15—CATTLE—15 Three extra good milk cows, one will -be fresh soon; 1 2-year old heifer, will be fresh soon; 1 Durham cow, 5 years old, giving milk; 1 black cow, 9 years old, giving milk; 1 Jersey cow, 6 years old, giv ing milk; 1 Jersey heifer, will be fresh soon; 6 yearling heifers. FARM MACHINERY Two new Bain wagons 314, four inch tires; 1 wagon and rack; 1 rid ing John Deere beet puller, new; 1 two-way Oliver plow; 1 Oliver potato cultivator; 1 McCormick mower; 1 McCormick rake; 1 hand plow; 1 potato planter; 1 walking John Deere beet puller; 1 tongue scraper; 1 good beet rack; 1 2-section harrow; 2 sets good work har ness; 1 Set single buggy harness; 1 old surrey; 1 buggy with sleigh runners; 2 good log chains and other small tools too numerous to mention. Seven tons of first cutting hay, in barn; about 50 young laying pullets. HOUSEHOLD GOODS One new Mellotte cream separator; 1 new DeLaval cream separator; 1 old U. S. cream separator; 1 good range stove; 1 cupboard; I chiffonier; 2 dressers; 1 new Brussels rug, 9x11; 1 upholstered Morris chair; 2 rockers; 3 dining chairs; 8 kitchen chairs; 2 parlor tables; 1 dining table; 1 bookstand; 1 iron couch with mattress; 1 good sewing machine; 2 kitchen tables; 2 bedsteas with mattresses; 1 child's bed and rocker; 1 heater; some carpets and linoleum and many other articles too numerous to mention. i TERMS OF SALE: Sums of $25 and under, cash in hand; over that amount a credit of-elght months will be given, purchaser to give note with approved security before removing property from premises, notes to draw 10 per cent Interest from date; 5 per cent off for cash on time sales. Free Lunch at Noon—Bring Caps, Everybody JOHN MACK, Owner 1 L. O. COLLINS, Clerk W. D. PIERCE, G. C. ATKIN, Auctioneers The oasis of successful dairy, fsed ins is now said lo be to feed the cows on the stuff that the farm produces 1 of buying a great deal of ' rain and other concentrates. The dairyman should plan his feeding and crop growing to take care of the nerd he has instead of buying as the need arises for more feed. He should devote special attention to having the right kind of pasture and the right kind of roughage. If he can not grow alfalfa, say, he should see what can be done toward growing soy beans or cowpeas or some other roughage crop that will supply the protein needed. And he should de vote a great deal more attention than is commonly given toward having the right kind of pasture. Cai-lng for Pasture Pays In the old uays, when a cow could lie fed on grain and roughage at $5 or $6 a month, there was no great inducement to take care of pastures. But today it costs from $15 to $30 a month to feed a cow on grain and roughage. Attention devoted to pasture, therefore, pays bigger difidends than formerly. Dairymen used to figure that they must get $15 a year from every acre of land in pasture, and this meant that the acre had to pasture a cow for three months. Now, if the same acre pastures a cow only one month, it produces its $15. If it pastures a cow for three months it is produc ing $4 5 a year. And the price of pasture land lias not increased in that proportion. Therefore, every day that the cow is kept on pasture means a saving of money to the dairyman. It pays, nowadays, to take care of the pastures. And it pays equally well to take care of the roughage. Pastu re—forage—silage! These things are the essentials in dairy production. Of course the department of agri culture is not advising every dairy man to cease feeding grain tomor It realizes that grain must row. continue to be fed to dairy cows. But it believes that more of it is be ing fed than is necessary, that good food is being consumed without pro ducing its equivalent in another form of food, and that the effort of the dairyman should be to figure out the most economical basis of feed ing rather than to pile in grain to produce "the last ounce." And they believe this means that, so far as possible, the dairyman should feed the stuff that he grows on his farm. SAFEGUARDING NAVAL STORES Prices of naval stores are today much higher than ever before in the history of the industry. For both the producer and the user, therefore, unusual importance attaches to the use of the most advanced and eco nomical methods of stilling, gluing, coopering, weighing and grading. Specialists in the bureau of chemis try, United States department of agriculture therefore urge producers to exercise the greatest possible care in keeping the gum clean before dis tilling, to prevent losses of turpen tine by evaporation, to use wellmade and uniform rosin barrels to prevent loss in handling, and to see that the rosin is weighed and graded with the utmost care. of IN NEED OF TREES Director of Department of Agriculture Tells of Varieties Best Suited Here Now that the feeling of spring is in the air, serious consideration should be given to the matter of tree planting. Nothing adds to the beauty of the home like beautiful trees and shrubs. This is especially true in a country like Southern Idaho, where we have not been gifted with a extensive natural ver dure. Trees, flowers and fruits do exceptionally well in Southern Idaho if careful attention is given to help the plants establish themselves. In selecting trees for home plant ing care should be exercised tp plant, not necessarily those that will make the most rapid growth, hut rather those that will he most attractive and that will furnish the best shade. A large number of soft wood trees, such as poplars are planted because of their rapid growth, but these trees are subject to attack by an insect borer, which 'riddles the heart wood of both large and small limbs, check ing the growtli of the trees, causing the leaves to turn yellow and fall prematurely. . Young trees are oft times completely ruined. Altho the growth of hard wood trees is slower it is advisable to plant them. Assistant secretary of agriculture, Clarence Ousley, says: "Trees are the arms of Mother Earth lifted up in worship to her maker. Where they are, beauty dwells, where they are not, the land is ugly, tho it be rich, tho it be rich, for its richness is but greasy fatness and its gaudy rai ment is but cheap imitation of forest finery. Trees are the fittest orna ments of wealth, and inalienable pos sessions of the poor who can enjoy them without having title to them." The following suggestions are made by Dr. F. G. Miller, forester of the University of Idaho: "Where the annuals precipation is twenty-five inches or more, or where trees are to be grown under irrigation and the altitude does not exceed 4000-5000 feet, a large variety of shade trees can be grown successfully. A few of these are as follows: Black Locust, Honey Locust, Norway Maple, Silver Maple, Sycamore Maple, Sugar Maple, Box-Elder, . Black Walnut, White Ash, oMuntain Ash, White and a „ „ , mountain Tom) °BhT Spruce, Nor way Spruce Red Oak "Where trees are to be grown without irrigation, and the annual precipitation is not less than fifteen inches, the followng are recom mended: Black Locust, Russian Olive, Jack Pine, Scotch Pine, West ern Yellow Pine, Douglas Fir (Rocky Mountain form.)" The above trees are readily ob tainable thru Dr. F. G. Miller of the University of Idaho and every home maker should beautify his home grounds by planting trees. Some of the above trees are not of rapid growth,, therefore, many growers may deem it advisable to interplant poplars or other quickly maturing trees which could be removed when the first trees have become large for shade. Trees should be planted as eayly in the spring as the ground can be put into shape. 4 HEAVY PENALTIES FOR HUNTERS Five hundred dollars, the maxi mum fine, recently was levied by a judge in Michigan against a hunter for selling thirty-two ducks in viola tion of the migratory bird treaty act. Another violator of the same law, in Connecticut, who has been guilty of repeated offences was sentenced recently to three months in jail. This offender was not given the alternative of paying a fine. The migratory bird treaty act has been in force since July, 1918, and several hundred convictions have been se cured. These cases are cited by the biological survey, United States de partment of agriculture, which ad ministers the law, to show the in creasing concern with which the courts regard violations of this im portant statute, designed to protect migratory birds, insecticorous birds and nongame birds. 4 GAS TANK AND PILOT CHANGE PLACES IN REMODELED DH-4'S The American army's few DH-4B observation airplanes have proved so satisfactory that all DH-4's now on hand will eventually be recon structed along the same lines. The biggest part of the remodeling is the transfer of gasoline tank and pilot's cockpit, putting the tank directly be hind the engine. This arrangement makes communication between pilot and observer easier, and affords the pilot a measure of safety in a nose-on crash.—From the March Popular Mechanics Magazine. 4 REFRESHMENT TRAY ON AUTO ADDS TO SODA-WATER JOY When there are ladies In the auto party, stops at sundry soda fountains along the way are inevitable. To cap the climax of their comfort, when the beverages are "brought out," a Nebraska inventor has de signed a tray with a clamp that holds it firmly on the edge of the car and adjusts it to the level of a table. The equipment is Illustrated in the March Popular Mecfianics Magazine. 4 ANNOUNCEMENT John W. Jones and Guy Stevens wish to announce their association together in the practice of law at Blackfoot. They will occupy the building on East Main street form erly the law offices of Mr. Jones. Attention will be given by them to the general practice of law, and to matters before the local land office and interior department, adv. 26-af MAPLES FOR VIMY RIOQEI Canadians Begin Planting af What Is to Bo Memorial Faroe* on Battlefield. An overoeao dispatch says 200 yonnt maples hove been planted on the de« ert of what was Viuiy Ridge. Thin l» the beginning of the proposed runs dian memorial forest—the maple le Canada's emblematic tree—and the I sapliogs Just placed are declared to be the only living trees in the war zone | today. How the landscape has been changed and how the reconstructed I one will differ from that before the | war! Most Americans think of Hoi- I land, Belgium. Flanders as painted by Van Goyen. Ituyysdael, Rembrandt | and others. Instinctively the mental picture follows Hobbema's "Avenue of | Middlehamis." with spindling, thln shanked. wisp-topped and scant-on shade trees either side the road. What I a different aspect maples would give | the scene, or oaks, or elms or other wide-spreading varieties. The Euro- i pean. like the oriental, seems to have cnosen his favorite trees on some other basis than expansive foliage— the cedar, the cypress, the palm, the | stonepine, the poplar of Lombardy; yet the Inspiration for Gothic cathe drals came from the solemn groves of archlike trunks and limbs and fo- liage, and wherever two elms meet there is the suggestion right at hand. Many years must elapse before the war-torn regions are again venerable with trees, ami l>y that time a new school of landscape painting may have come, glad to paint full, rounded trees like the American, Itiness; or, revers ing the Inness me!hod, of leaving a circular opening through his trees to reveal the scene beyond, this future school may feature the transplanted maple's rounded "area" in the fore ground while displaying the European background on either side. BANANAS MAKE BERLIN GLAD - After Five Years' Absence, Thla Na As I was passing down the Fried richstrasse, says a, correspondent of the London Times, writing from Berlin, my eye was caught by a crowd of It was only with difficulty that one C0Uld .. ge . t n « ar t e T lgh t0 aee * hat lt was that attracte, f so much attention. I heard exclamations of wonder and admiration, and on looking a little more closely saw—a bunch of bananas which the shopkeeper had just hung up In the window and which was a novelty to the Berliners, who for near ly five years have seen not a trace of this. fruit, once so plentiful and cheap in the capital. tive of the Tropica Is Real Symbol of Peace. people which suddenly collected in front of a delicatessen shop. The smiling faces and little Jokes I made lt quite evident that the banana was recognized as a symbol of peace, | and that the delight felt at its presence was due to the evidence it afforded that the blockade Is a thing of the past. Some Airplane Gas la Pink. There Is a difference between auto mobile gasoline and airplane gasoline. For aircraft the gas must be lighter and more volatile, that Is, evaporate more readily, than ordinary gas. This causes it to work better at great alti tudes. There are three grades of gas oline for our airplanes, one for train ing planes, a better grade of gasoline for bombing planes and the very best grade for the fighting planes. "Fight ing gas," as lt is called, is colored pink. This is to distinguish It from other grades so that Inexperienced men working at the aviation fields will not use this valuable gasoline for other purposes. This pink gas is as pure as lt can be produced, refined and doubly refined and strained or filtered until there are no impurities left in it.—American Boy. Holding Down a Profession. A young fellow living in one of In diana's small towns was graduated from the high school and looked about for some easy, yet lucrative profession. He finally decided to study medicine, and settled down in the office of the town's most popular doctor for a sum mer's reading. As he read he watched this busy man's hours of work. One day in the late summer the doc tor came in out of a drenching rain, tired out, and a trifle cross. Glancing at the immaculate young fellow, whose heels were reposing on the office desk, he asked brusquely: | "Still think you want to be a doc tor?" "Ye-es, 1 "but I've decided to practice only on fair days, and not go out of nights."— Indianapolis Newa. came the languid answer, Fishermen Had Good Day. Three South Portland (Me.) fisher men, Dr. George W. C. Studiey, Percy York and Captain William York, were out after groundflsh when they-slghted a swordfish. They had no swordfish fishing outfit, but with a stove poker and a boathook handle they improvised a harpoon, with which they landed the big fellow. In Portland they sold the swordfish for $90, and the groundflsh they had caught—about 1,000 pounds— for $60. Misdirected Wifely Solicitude. Mrs. Flatbush—Are you wearing I those pretty suspenders, with flowers all over 'em, I gave you for your dear; I was afraid the nail I'm using in place ef a | birthday, Henry? Mr. Flatbush—No. button would rust 'em. y MANY M4LU0NS CANNOT READ | One-Tsnth ef Population of tho United itatoo Ovor Tan Yoart Are lllito re to. I says a writer In Every body's for July, "about 10,000,000. or more than one tenth of oar population ovor tea years old, cannot read or write English— a I number greater than the whole popu lation of Canada; greater than the | whole population of tho South In the "According to the best estimated," Civil war; greater than the combined populations of 15 of onr states. And I of thla number, fully half can neither | read, writ# nor speak English. In* I some cities, such as Passaic, N. J„ or Fall River, Mass., these strangers num | ber a sixth or more of the population, | In speech or literature or custom, were "If this enormous population, alien merely 'a population,' merely living among us, that would be one thing to think about. But all of this 10,000, 000 are also working among us, trying selves. And in so doing, they have brought themselves Into a closer re lationship with us than we are often 0 f it. to build some kind of life for them willing to admit, even if we are aware More than 58 per cent of the people who make our steel and iron, more than 72 per cent of those who make our clothes, more than 85 per cent of those who refine our sugar, are foreign-born. Aud nearly all of them cannot read or write English, and at least a quarter of them cannot read or write their own language. Six hundred and twenty thousand of the million who mine our coal are foreign born, and 465,000 of these come from non-English-speaking races, with hut the slightest ability, if any, to read the English language." LATEST STYLE IN HAIR CUTS New York Tonsorial Artist Advertises to Trim the Bean ■"Physiog nomical ly." "Hair cut physiognomically" Is the | Impressive sign on the window of a "tonsorial artist" in the downtown sec tion of New York. "What's the sign mean?" asked a I customer who drifted Into the shop as | a barber started to wait on him. new-fangled Idea of the boss'." When appealed to the proprietor of the place swelled with pride and in his weightiest tones explained his bra ' n . cblId ,D manner: "That means that when you get into the chair we study your face aud then proceed to cut your hair in such a manner that the trimming will con form to your general physiognomy, meaning your face. Sometimes a man is a victim of his barber in regard to his appearance—you know there are "I don't know," was the reply. "Some some men in the barber business here who ought to be shoemakers and can not see an.v further than the hand that holds the expected tip. We bury defects in the face by the manner of hair cutting and enhance the good points. Women don't overlook this in putting up their hair and there is no reason why men should." Foolish Question. An official who was making up an assessment roil because of some re cent street improvement called at each house on the improved streets to learn the names of the property owners. At one house he climbed out of his car, went to the door and knocked. "Who owns this property?" he asked. "Why. I do," the woman answered. The official got her name and put it down In his book. Then he took a squint at the size of the lot. "How many feet?" he asked. "Two, of course," the woman snapped, won dering whether he thought she was a centipede. Knows About Birds. What Representative Weaver of North Carolina doesn't know about birds is not worth knowing. He under stands their habits, can imitate their calls, is on speaking terms with their eggs, and everything. When the house la not in session Weaver wanders around through the capitol grounds holding converse with the Jay birds, sparrow hawka, crow blackbirds and such other birds as are fonnd around Washington. And the town la full of birds. Weaver got the bird habit through wandering about the North Carolina hills. Rent Profiteers In Manila. Landlords, owners of residences and business buildings In Manila, are taking advantage of the pancity of ffomes and commercial structures to raise rents abnormally. Workers for salaries or wages, and flrma and companies In mercantile pursuits, com plain bitterly of the demands of th« owners or lessors of houses and stores, factories and bodegas. Most of the victims have to yield to the increased rents because they have no recourse. One man- who paid $40 a month fot his small, uncomfortable home, hai been Informed that he must pay $50 — Manila Times. 1918 Cotton Worth $2,067,000,000. The 1918 cotton crop, lint and seed, was worth $2,067,000,000 to the pro ducers. This Is about three times the value of the cotton crop of 1914 and is twice the value of the crop of 1913, which had the highest value of rec ord. The computation has Just been made, at the close of the cotton year, by the United States department of ag riculture, bureau of crop estimates, based on average monthly prices re celved by growers and on monthly marketings.—Agricultural Department News Letter. CORRECT ENGLISH How to Use It A Monthly Magazine *2.50 the year Send io Cents for Sample Copy. to Correct English Publishing Co. Evanston, Illinois £ 4- 4- 4- *5* 6* 4- 4- + 4* +4 , 'f ,, H* + + | * LEGAL NOTICES * I + 4* v 4- 4* 4* 4* 4* 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4 NOTICE OF STOCK HOLDERS MEETING Notice is hereby given that on Monday, March 1, 1920, at 2 o'clock p. m., a meeting of the stockholders of the Wearyrick Ditch company will he Held at the Riverside hall. All stockholders are urged to be present. L. P. ADAMS, Secretary Wearyrick Ditch company. • Blackfoot, Idaho, Route 2. adv. 29a-4m NOTICE TO CREDITORS In the probate court of the County of Bingham, State of Idaho. In the matter of the estate of George Wright, deceased. Notice is hereby given, by the undersigned, Ella Wright, adminis tratrix of the estate of George Wright deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said deceased to exhibit them, with the necessary vouchers, within ten months after the first publication of this notice, to said ad ministratrix at the office of Thomas & Andersen in Blackfoot, Idaho, the same being the place for the. trans action of the business of said estate. Dated this twenty-sixth day of January, 1920. ELLA WRIGHT , Administratrix of the Estate of George Wright, deceased. adv. 29a-4m IN THE PROBATE COURT OF THE COUNTY OF BINGHAM, STATE OF IDAHO In the matter of the estate of Swen H. Jacobs, deceased. Notice Is hereby given, by the under signed, Mary E. Jacobs, administratrix of the estate of Swen H. Jacobs de ceased, to the creditors of and all per sons having claims .against, the said deceased to exhibit them, with the necessary voucherB, within ten months after the first publication of this no tice, to said administratrix at the office of Thomas & Andersen, attorneys-at law, in Blackfoot, Idaho, the same be ing the place for the transaction of the business of said estate. Dated this twenty-eighth day of January, 1920. MARY E. JACOBS, Administratrix of the Estate of Swen 29a-5m. H. Jacobs, Deceased. NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION Department of the interior, U. S. land office at Blackfoot, Idaho, Jan. 31, 1920. Notice is hereby given that Harvey M. Glover, of Moreland, Idaho, who on May 6, 1916 made homestead en try serial No. 024095, for E% Eft section 32, W% NW%, S% SW% section 33, township 1 north, range 34 east, Boise meridian, has filed no tice of intention to make three-year proof to establish claim to the land above described, before register and receiver, U. S. land office, at Black foot, Idaho, on the seventeenth day of March, 1920. Claimant names as witnesses: Fred Glen of Shelley, Idaho, James Kearne of Moreland, Idaho, J. J. Randolph of Blackfoot, Idaho, W. W. White of Moreland, Idaho. J. T. CARRUTH, Register. adv. 29a-6m NOTICE FOR BIDS Notice is hereby given that sealed bids will be received by the under signed for services as watermaster of the People's Canal & Irrigation Co., for the upper and lower divisions separately, for the season of 1920, on Saturday the twenty-first of Feb ruary, 1920, at Blackfoot, Idaho, at the hour of 1 o'clock p. m. All bids should be delivered to the secretary and' all applicants are re quested to be present in person at the meeting. All bids should be marked "Bids for service as water master." The board reserves the right to reject any and all bids. W. E. JORDAN, Secretary People's Canal & Irriga tion Co. 29a-3 We Made the Mistake An error In the first publication of the above notice was made by this office in the fifth line and Is cor rected at the request of Mr. Jordan. —Publishers. NOTICE OF ESTRAY SALE Notice is nereby given, that I the undersigned sheriff of Bingham county, Idaho, will sell at public auction to the highest bidder for cash, at the farm of L.< M. Lockwood, one-halt mile north and three miles east of Blackfoot, Idaho, on the seventeenth day of March, 1920, at 10 o'clock In the forenoon of said day, the following described animal to wit: One red heifer coming two years old, branded R on left ribs, slit and under-bit in left ear. A. H. SIMMONS. Sheriff. T. B. DALY, 30a-4mf Deputy.