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PIOCHE, NEVADA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1893.
FRENCH POLICE SPIES.
How tho Government Manages to 8oaur
After all that has been said about the
vUenesa of the police system under the
empire, which rendered it almost impos
sible for any one to be safe from espion
age, even in private life, it might well
be supposed that the republic had done
away with this machinery for discover
ing and weaving plots so much more
suited to the age of Louis XI than to the
nineteenth century. It remains, how
ever, very much what it was 80 years
ago. These things do not change in
Governments go, and the forms of gov
ernment, and these are succeeded by oth
ers, but the good old abuses they must
be thought good by some people cling
to the ship with barnaclelike tenacity..
Freroh offu:ialrnijsjion is about the
most steadfast thing In the world, al
though all French people to whom yoa
may speak on the subject agree that it
is very bad. It is almost as diffioult now
as it was under the empire to be certain
that a man whom you may meet, either
in society or out of it, does not belong to
the secret police.
All over the country there are mou
chards a term expressing something
stronger than spies. I have been incon
venienced by them myself in the prov
inces. On one occasion I made a rather
long stay in a little place where there
were two hotels in fioroe rivalry. One
day a brigadier of gendarmes came over
from a neighboring town on purpose to
make inquiries respecting me.
He did not trouble me, but he ques
tioned various people as to how I passed
my time, about howmuoh I spent a day,
what sort of meals I had, and whether I
appeared to have more money than I
knew what to do witfo, The fact was I
was suspected of being 4 spy in the pay
of a foreign government. As I consider
a bold front to be the best whenever
there is anything of this kind in the air,
I got myself driven over thegendarmery,
which was about eight miles off, and
there had it out with the brave briga
dier. I soon discovered that an informer hod
been at work and that the informer was
no other than the keeper of the rival
hotel, who for years had been receiving
pay as a member of the secret police.
Situated where he was he must have
been absolutely useless in that capacity,
but at one time he must have done a
service to somebody.
It is especially in Paris, however, that
that the secret police is supposed to be in
dispensable. Every government wishes
to be kept well informed as to all that
goes on in an enemy's camp. Such in
formation can only be obtained from
those who are willing to play the part of
a traitor or whose position enables them
to observe what is going forward with
out exciting suspicion. They are tech
nically terme4 ''indicators" and may be
long to either sea, When the Boulan
gist movement was convulsing France,
the government had a great advantage
over its opponents by handling of the se
cret fund and the secret police.
Boulanger's footsteps were dogged ev
erywhere, and somehow M. Constans
learned all that he wished to know con
cerning the plans and doings of the con
spirators. An important point in this
system fs to make the "indicator" feel
sure that whatever happens he will not
be betrayed. The minister of the inte
rior or of justice never asks the names of
those by means of whose espionage cer
tain political information has been gath
ered. The money given for dark services is
paid from hand to hand in cafes or other
nonofficial places by commissionnaires,
and the name of no auxiliary outside of
the ranks of the regular police ever ap
pears in a book. Is it impossible for the
government to do without this abom
inable system, so opposed to the ideal of
a democratic state? The Cottu-Soinoury
scandal has led to much discussion on
this question. Boston Transcript
An Obtuse pogllnhman.
A Mr. Kirbell, who had never been
Cut of England until he went to Vienna,
seems to have been a typical Briton and
stubbornly insular to the extent of re
fusing to alter the time of his watch as
he traveled eastward from England. No
argument would induce him to budge,
mnA wrum aik Vienna ha arose at un-
r hours and perambulated around
f alone, Having persisted in oeing
hv hia watch, stoutly asserting
t thn fnraum nlocka were all wrontr.
TMmII vu varv anxious also to keen
t record of all the places he visited and
gways jotted down in his pocketbook
e names of the various stations he had
topped at or passed. "How curious it
is mere are so many stations of the same
naima " tiA nnce remarked to a fellow
passenger, who replied that he had not
observed it. KJrbell then showed his
record to prove he was right, and, sure
enough, over and over again occurred
fha vrnrA "Anaoranir" (Exitt. which he
bad confidently entered as the name of
many stations passed on the route. can
Timber of the tamarisk or shittun
wood has been found perfectly sound in
the ancient temples of Egypt in connec
tion with stonework which is known to
be at least 4,000 years old.
The last words of Marie Antoinette
were: "Lord, enlighten and soften the
hearts of my executioners. AtUeu for
ever, my door children) I go to join
I wonder why it is we are not all kind
er than we ire. How easily it la done.
Bow instantaneously it acts. How in
fallibly it is remembered. Drummond.
Oxford, England, which is by many re-
garaea as tne greatest university, nas ui
colleges ana live halls.
FEMALE, WOMAN, LADY.
Tha Distinction Between Several Words
ad How They May Be I tid.
An interesting discussion is going on in
the columns of some newspapers over
the use af the words "lady" and "wom
an." There is no real difference as to
the occasions upon which each word is
to be used, but there is a frank acknowl
edgment upon the part of some that they
do not use the word "woman" where
their good sense tells them that they
should, for fear that it might give of
fense to the person to whom it was di
rected "as not sufficiently polite."
There are certainly no words so abused
as "woman," "lady" and "female."
Among certain peoplo the use of the sec
ond of these terms is like the wearing of
fine clothes or jewelry. Originally be
longing to a superior class they insist on
appropriating it to .themselves as proof
that they are the equals of any other so
cial body. Now, while all that may be
true enough and while class distinctions
have no place in this country this use of
the word has led to some strange and
amusing confusions. The humorist who
depicted the servant as addressing her
mistress, "Mam, the laundry lady is
a-wanting to speak to the woman of the
house," did not have to depend upon his
imagination for bis facts.
As absurd things as that may be heard
in any one of the large dry goods stores
in town any day, and almost any news
paper will yield a rich specimen or two.
Bishop Warren, referring to this same
point, says that he glanced at the wall
opposite him at the moment and saw a
diploma from the" Female acade
my," and then turned to a bookcase and
read as the title of one of the volumes
there, "Female Holiness." In the report
of a southern woman's Christian tem
perance union convention appears the
fact that "Mrs. Blank was chairlady."
Now the proper word in all this is
"woman." That is always and evor
right. Than it there is no nobler or
stronger word in the English language.
"Man" is a general word as well as a
particular one, and as such includes both
sexes, so that the term "chairman" sic-
nifies no subservience of one sex to the
domination of the other. If called upon
to address a stranger, a woman, then the
proper word is "madam" and not "lady,
this way" and "lady, that way," as so
many ushers appear to think to be the
only solution to the problem of address.
Female" is never to be used as a syno
nym of "woman." It is a term common
to one-half of the animal creation, and to
apply it to woman as the substantive of
designation is an insult. "Lady" is ap
plicable to every well bred and educated
woman, but it is something that is re
served rather for social nsaga and has
not the sturdy strength and nobility of
"woman." Boston Journal.
Old Time Caret.
In mediaeval times if a child did not learn
to walk with readiness the wise wizard
would direct it to creep through a black
berry bush which had the canes bent
down to the earth and rooted by their
tips. At the present it would be as
pleasant and efficacious for the tardy
toddler to creep among a few barbed
wire fences, and it would be more in
keeping with the keen spirit of this age
One of the leading sources of income
to the old herbalist was the compound
ing of love powders for despondent
swains and heartsick maidens. If a pow
der would not bring the desired relief,
various juices of roots and herbs were
mingled in a potion and sold as the love
phial. Here is an old recipe: "Mistletoe
berries (not exceeding nine in number)
are steeped in an equal mixture of wine,
beer, vinegar and honey.
"This taken on an empty stomacn be
fore going to bed will cause dreams of
your future destiny (provided you retire
before 12 o'clock) either on Christmas
eve or on the first and third of a new
moon." Perhaps as a lingering remnant
of this absurdity there is a current no
tion in some parts of the world today
that a whole mince pie eaten at mid
night will cause the reappearance of
long departed friends, not to mention
the family physician and the more inter
ested members of the household. Chau-
Getting on a Street Car.
Did you ever notice a man who is go
ing to cret on a street car while it is in
motion? He comes down off the side- ;
walk and stands along the side of the
track quietiy till the car almost reaches
him. Then he walks ahead a few feet
and prances about like a string haltered
horse, awkward as a Shanghai rooster
that wants to ngnt. Just as tne car
roaches him he takes two or three steps
sideways, and at last, confused as a
schoolboy, grasps the hand rail and clings
on like a man who is drowning. Colo
rado Sun. - - .
A Matter of Time.
Wagleigh How did you like that din-"
ner service I sent you today, dear?
Mrs. Wagleigh Oh, it is perfectly
lovely, but there are only 01 pieces in it,
and you know the set mamma has con
sists of 117 pieces.
Wagleigh Well, dear, don't let that
worry you. After Bridget has handled
it for a week or so it will be in a good
many more pieces than that. Exchange.
Standard of Measurement.
The "foot" is named from the length
of that member in a full grown man.
Some say that it was so called from the
length of the foot of a certain English
king, but it is believed to have been a
standard of measurement among the an
The cubit is from the Latin cubitus,
an elbow, and is the distance from the
elbow to the end of the middle finger.
Fathom is from the Aryan, fat, to ex
tend, and denotes the distance from tip
to tip of the fingers, when the arms of
an average sized man are roiiy extenqea.
-St. Louis Republic,
Color Protection From Intense Heat.
With reference to the protective effect
of certain colors against the sun's rays,
years ago on my way to India the second
time, having already been invalided
home once from the effects of the sun,
it occurred to me to try the photogra
pher's plan. I reasoned to myself that
since no one ever got sunstroke or sun
fever from exposure to a dark source of
heat or even to one which, though lumi
nous, possessed no great degree of chem
ical energy the furnaces in the arsenal,
for example it could not be the heat
rays, therefore, which injured one, but
mnst be the chemical ones only,
If therefore one treats one's own body
as the photographer treats his plates
and envelops one's Belf in yellow or
dark red, one ought to be practically se
cure, and since the photographer lined
the inside of his tenta -and belongings
with yellow it wa obviously immaterial
whether one wore yellow inside or out
I had my hats and coats lined with yel
low, and with most satisfactory results,
for during five years and even extreme
exposure never once did the yellow lin
ing fail me, but every time that either
through carelessness or overconfidence
I forgot the precaution 1 very short ex
posure sufficed to send me down with
the usual sun fever. Many friends tried
the plan and all with the same satisfac
tory results. Cor. Lahore (India) Civil
and Military Gazette.
Sleeping Under Feathers.
Years ago we used to smile with con
scious superiority at the idea of the
Dutch sleeping under a feather bed in
stead of over it. The idea of sleeping
upon a hard mattress and climbing un
der a soft one seemed rather an ana
chronism and a singular perversion of
common sense, but the introduction of
down or feather comfortables is simply
the utilization of that knowledge of
things which some of the older countries
had long ago known. Feathers are ex
ceedingly warm, and a covering made of
them superinduces and retains the heat
in the human body.
A curious claim is now made for a new
comfortable of down. The makers as
sert that their product retains all the
natural warmth, but allows the impure
air to escape from the bed, how or
wherefore we are not informed. Up
Velocity of the Earth.
The highest velocity attained by a can
non ball has been estimated at 1,622 feet
per second, which is equal to a mile in
8.2 seconds. The velocity of the earth
at the equator, due to its rotation on its
axis, is 1,000 miles per second, or a mile
every 8.6 seconds. Therefore it has been
calculated that if a cannon ball were
fired due -wotSj and tuat it could main
tain its initial velocity for 24 hours, it
would barely beat the sun in its ap
parent journey around the earth. Phila
What a Bad Digestion Does.
All life looks black to a miserable
man with a stomach in which his food
lies like lead. Woe to his companions if
they expect good fellowship from him I
Woe to his wife unless she has the wom
anly intuition that will make her humor
him as though he were a cross baby I
Man delights him not, nor woman either;
nor is he best pleased with himself,
though he jealously demands homage
from others. New York Ledger,
Castleton I hear you are engaged to
Miss Biggerolle, the girl you went horse
back with so much last summer. How
on earth did you manage it?
Summit I couldn't help it, old man.
We were thrown together so much.
In time to any irregularity of tho
Stomach, Liver, or Bowels may
Iness, and ver
ments, the best
which is Ayer's Pills. Purely vege
table, sugar-coated, easy to take and
quick to assimilate, this is the ideal
family medicine the most popular,
sate, and useful aperient in phar
macy. Mrn. M. A. Brockwell,
Harris, Tenn., says:
"Ayer's Catbartio Fills oured me of sick
headache and my husband of neuralgia. We
think there Is
No Better Medicine.
and have Induced many to use It.
" Thirty-five years ago this Spring, I was
run down by hard work and a succession oi
colds, which made me so feeble that It was
an effort for me to walk. I consulted the
doctors, but kept sinking lower until I had
given up alt hope of ever being better
Happening to be in a store, one day, where
medicines were sold, the proprietor noticed
my weak and sickly appearance, and, after
a few questions as to my health, recom
mended me to try Ayer's Pills. I had little
faith in theso or any other medicine, but
concluded, at last, to take his advice and try
a box. Before I had used them all, I was
very much better, and two boxes cured me.
I am now 80 years old; but I believe that
It It had not been for Ayer's rills, I should
have been In my grave long ago. I buy 8
boxes every year, which make 210 boxes up
to this time, and I would no more be with
out tbem than without bread." H. B.
Ingraham, Rockland, Me.
Prepared by Dr. J. O. Ayer k Co., Lowell, Mass.
Every Dose Effective
C0HN DRY GOODS CO.
116-118 MAIN STREET,
SALT LAID3 CITY. UTAH
Notice The CASH BARGAINS advertised below are
strictly FIRST-CLASS GOODS and cannot be dup
licated elsewhere for the same money.
Cloaks and Wraps.
See our complete stock, ail marked it
Low Utah frices.
Ladies' Cloth Jackets, winter weights,
latest etyleo, plaited skirt and full sleeves,
tan, gray and black, worth (5.60 else
where, our low oajh prio (4.00.
. Ladies' KerseyV-'icketa, assorted col
ors and blaok, with latest styles Cape
Collar, trimmed in fur or terpentine Mo
hair braiil, worth $10.00 elsewhere, our
low cash price $7.00. ..
All wool Weaver Jaokets, with new
Worth" Cane Collar, worth (13.00 else
where, our low oaah price (12.50.
Stylish all wool Fall and Winter weight
Capes, with fur edging, worth $10. 00,
our low cash prioe iSS.lX).
We are showing a very large stock ot
Latest: Novelties in Capes and Jackets
which cannot be desoribed in this adver
tisement. These garments have lust
been received and are now on sale. All
are offered at very low cash prioes.
Mail Orders will receive careful and Prompt Attention
Misses & Children's Cloaks
Heavy weight School Cloaks, cape col
lar, worth (4.00, for (3.00.
Heavy all wool Cloaks, for School Chil
dren, worth (7.50, for (5.00.
Misses' Fall and Winter weight Jack
eta, with Butterfly collars, worth (5.50,
. Misses' all wool Jaokets, with Butter
fly collars, in navy, black and brown,
worth (7.00, for (5.00.
Infanta' long Cream Cashmere Cloaks,
with Embroidered Capes, worth (3.00,
. Infants' Short Cloaks, in gray and tan
mottled flannel, worth (3.25, for (2.50.
Infant)' all wool Serge Short Cloaks,
with Sutach braid trimming, in tans,
oardinal and navy, worth (5.00, for (4.00.
Ladies' Camellette Wrappers, full front
with ruffled yoke, in good, desirable fall
and winter colore, worth (1.50, at (1.10.
The Taylor & Brunton
ORE SAMPLING CO.
Automatic Machinery. - Quick Returns
JAMES W. NEILL, Manager.
Works at Pallas Station, Utah, on r. g. w. and u. p. tracks.
Office: No. 61, P. O Blk., Salt ake City. Telephone 279.
A. S. THOMPSON,
FLOUflf GRAINr HAY,
AND GENERAL ll'RODTJOE.
Finest Brands of Wines, Liquors and Cigars
Highest Cash Prick Paid for Utah Produce. Salt Lake Bottled Beer, Saras
parilla, Cream, Strawborry and Lemon Soda, at Wholesale and Retail,
Low Rates and Free Delivery.
Ground Floor, Thompson's Opera House, Main Street
Pioche Weekly Record,
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY.
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Call on us for anything in the way of Posters, Hand BJS,
r rogrammes, setter Heads, Bill Heads, Business
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Main Street. Pioche, Nevada.
' IMPORTER AHD DEALER IN
& MINING SUPPLIES,
Iron, Steel and Pumps, Belting, Packing
and Hose, Machinist's, Black snih
and Carpenter Tools, Steam H '
Water and Gas Pipe, -
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Complete Assortment of House Farnisbing Goods.
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In connection with the establishment is a complete Shop, and am pre
pared to execute promptly all orders for Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron WorX
Steam, Air, Water and Exhaust Pipe, Plumbing and Pomp Work. -
The Stock comprises the Best Grade of Goods obtainable, and Prices
are Reduced to a figure that Defies Competition.
OXO-SI rrtlODEl TO AIiLI
Main Street, Opposite Lcv.ji..;.
Carries a Full Line of
STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES
Minersfc Prospectors Outfitted in Every Detail
FREE TO ALL
Camping on the old Corral
AT THE LOWER END OF TOWN.
UNDER IT HE M ANAOBMHNT O F1--
GEO. B. WARREN.
He is now ready to furnish First-Class Accommodations
1 to the freighting public. .V.:-.. 5
Besides carrying a complete stock of freighters gioceiieafcnd
Supplies, is also prepared to furnish the best qualities of
. I4quore, Wines and Cigars. - - : ; ,i
We want a boy In every town friths United Slates to sell single copies of the SATUR
DAY B1.ADK and CHICAGO L.UDC1KH. The pipers aie readily sold in every shop,
tore, factory, on the street, to farmers, at home and in strangers who are In town. Aay hastl
lng boy can stsrt ont and sell these bright Illustrated papers to almost anyone, and eaa get
regular customers to buy every number as fast as It is received. They are the easiest selling
papers publiahrd, is agents testify.
The pspers sell for i oents a copy. The boy sends ns 8 cents for each copy he sella, and
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runs no risk of having paperi left on his bands as we take back all unsold copies. Not only boy.
"- ami., uu. gitis, ana lnvsuas, or
mono man csouoi uo
who wtshis t make
for an agency , To auy
an agent to Ltvmlle the
will give s co.y free as
obtained veils t he paper
hs ii appointed,
town who would be
to make moitey lu this
intereated l'i ooj a to
Bit la, end Invalids,
asm won. Kvrry on -
money should apply.-.. .
one who will seeurs as
papers regularly. ,w " ' ! ;
long as the agent thus
in the town for which
There Is a boy In ever ;i f .'r
send in tho. oarns f, fflwy
alHJ DATUM) AT W
Prices Low and Satisfaction Guaranteed
Omo IM TBI MASONIC BUILDING, LApOTJB pREKLT.
some bright hnatlloa lad who will soree to take hold nf the hn.inna.
dated and aohl on MATIIBDAV, and the Ohioaoo Lames on WKDNK8DAI The Bfcaatals4 Wt
tiAvanatiAV foil. III,,iimj1 v,. I - . . , . . . .. . . . .
. i.iu.ii .wry paper, SiHO 1U11J il 1 UBirl( U l'T'Tr .
own artlats The great popularity of these pspers Is fully attested by their Immense otnMstloi.''
The average wek'.y circulation of the StTuasai Bum Is 971,000 oopiea.snd that of ths B)aJ bur J
LEpoiB 140,000 copies. Certainly no stronger proof of their selling qualities could b ksked k
snd nearly all these hundreds of thousands of copies are sold by byt. The BasWIs'lba-
wonder of (he newaptj er world, and the Lanoaa is close after it.
f. i& ; r. t.
Our Boys Everywhere Are Making MbYfeyT
HERE IS YOUR CHANCE! -
Wilte for Sample Copies, Terms staid Particulars t Aga-ats Dspartusaf. '
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