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PIOCBE WEEKLY RECORD.
PUBLISHED BVEBY THUR8DAT. P1O0HE, NEVADA. WHEELING IN CHINA. In the September ntimber of "The ; Century," Messrs. Allen and Sachtle- ben, writing of their wonderful bicycle journey across Asia, say: "On dash- j iug down into a village, we would pro duce consternation or fright, especially among the women and children, but after the first onset, giggling would generally fallow, far our appearance, especially from the rear, seemed to strike them as extremely ridiculous. The wheel itself presented various aspects to their ignorant fancies. It was called the 'fiyiug-machino' and 'foot-going carriago,' while some even toon it lor tno nve-wneei cart, )U wok ior.no nve-wnee . cart. locomotive, about which they bad or Ileum omy uie viiguunii ruinum. xneii , . , . ,. . ., ignorance of its source of motive power "As regards the net results of the often prompted them to name it the , California producers for this season, as 'self-moving cart,' just as tho natives , compared with last season, it is gener of Shanghai are wont to call the elec- conceded that the same have not trie-light the self-coming moon." In one out-of-the-way village of northwestern China.we were evidently taken for some species of centaurs; tho people came op to examine us while on the wheel to see whether or no rider and wheel were one. We became so harrassed with importunities to ride i 1(rm nl,a us Ior urm'r lWs, that we were compelled at last to seek j canning, etc. Tho great evil, relief in subterfuge, for an absolute j however, exists in the fact that on ac refusal, we found, was of no uvail. count of slow transportation tho fruit Wo would promise to ride for a certain ! arrived hero in over ripo.bad and some ,m f .nnnnr H,i,lnmr tW tn H.rnw ! times worthless condition and the trade the burden of refusal ou themselves. But, nothing daunted, they would pass round the hat. On several occasions, when told that eggs could not be bought in the community, an offer of an exhibition would bring them out by tho dozen. In the same way wo received presents of ten, and by this means our cash expenses were cousid- erably curtailed. Tho interest in tho ! "foreign horses" was sometimes bo groat as to stop business and even amusements. A rather notablo inci dent of this kind occurred on one of the Chinese holidays. The flag-decked streets, as we rodo through, were filled with the neighboring peasantry, at tracted by some traveling theatrical troupe engaged for the occasion. In faot, a performance was just then in porgress at the open air thoator close at hand. Before wo were aware of it we had rolled into its crowdod audi torium. The women were sitting on improvised benches, fanning and gossiping, while the men stood about in listless groups. But suddenly their attention was aroused by the couuter attraction, and a general rush followed, to the great detriment of the temporary peddlers'-stands erected far the occa sion. Although entirely deserted, and no doubt consumed with curiosity, tho aotors could not lose what the Chinose call "face." They still continued their hideous noises, pantomimes, and dialogues to the empty seats. GLEANINGS. The Princesses Victoria and Maude of Wales have developed into bicyclo riders. Fifty thousand per annum is the marriage dower of the young women of the Vanderbilt families. A Boston naturalist with a tuning fork has discovered that crickets chirp in unison, and that their note is E nat ural. A sooty chimney can be cleaned by firing a gun or pistol up the flue. The concussion dislodges the soot and it tumbles down. Phidias understood the art of soften ing ivory so as, from a single tnsk, to produce plate from twelve to twenty inches broad. Paper quilts are said to be popular in Europe. They are said to bo cheap and warm, and mado of sheets of per forated paper sewn together. Cycling is genorally concedod by the medical profession of the present day, if judiciously performed, to be rest to the mind and tone to the muscle. A pair of gloves passes through nearly two hundred hands from the moment the skin leaves the dresser's until the time when tho gloves are pur chased. Bees are said to have such an an tipathy to dark-colored objects, that black chickenB have been stung to death, while white ones of tho same brood were left untouched. Baths are named from the tempera ture, as fallows: Cold, 83 to 35 degrees, cool. 65 to 65 degrees; lukewarm 05 to 70 degrees; tepid, 70 to 85 degrees; warm, 85 to 95 degrees; hot, 05 to 100 degrees. Ladies are using large-sized and very fine linen handkerchiefs with a tiny embroidered initial. Still, the pretty squares with fancy embroidered borders are very dainty, and just now are especially cheap. Horse runaways are unknown in Rus sia. No one drives in that oonntry without having a thin cord with a run ning noose around the neck of the team. The horse stops as soon as it feels a pressure on its windpipe. Over fifty kinds of bark are now used in the manufacture of paper. Even banana-skins, pea-vines, coconut fibers, hay, straw, water weeds, leaves, shav ings, corn-husks and hop-plants are used for the same purpose. . Queen Victoria s newest maid of honor. Miss Majendie, owes her en trance to royal favor to a curious bit of chance. She happened to be singing in a church choir one day when the queen was present at divine service, and her majesty was so greatly pleased with the fresh sweetness of the girl's face and voice that she invited her to fill the place coveted by the young girls of the English aristocracy. CALIFORNIA FRUIT. The Season's Net Results Have j Not Been Profitable. j INFERIOR QUALITY SHIPPED EAST, j E L. Goodsell Gives the Causes ror Poor ! Results. -Slow Transportation Made Much Worthless Fruit. The California fruit season, which has now ended, has not been favorable, says the New York "Commercial Bul letin." The fruit has arrived in this market in poor condition, and little, if any, money has been made ou the ship ments by the growers. E. L. Goodsell. the fruit auctioneer, was conversed (j ,ho cauS(;s ()f tho poor r ,u V. KlliH. teen profitable or satisfactory. The causes far this state of affairs can be briefly given, in my judgment, as oc casioned by the fact that the California fruit shippers forwarded too much fruit of an inferior quality to this mar ket that should have been kept in Cal was unable to buy and resell to the con suming public, where it would have been possiblo to bavo dono so at a profit after paying a reasonable valuation at tho auction sale on this account. It is, therefore, a self-evident fact that unless the jobber can have an oppor tunity of handling California products in a condition that will justify reship l,iuR to i,ltt;rior au1 sulftU markets, and 11 necessary noiaing ine iruu ior uuyers for a day or two after purchasing at the auctiou sale, it will bo impossible to make tho California fruit industry a profitable success to the producer of that State. Fast transportation, there fore, is an important factor in tho suc cessful development of the California fruit trade, in my opinion. "As regards expenses, a car cannot bo sold in this market at the present time far much less than $550 to iftiOO outlay, which tho grower must pay. Dissecting this amount, we find that tho railroad companies get $350, which would not be an uneasonable amount if the valuo recoived was given in the matter of say, a refrigerator six-day service to .New York. An item, how ever, that certainly needs to be reduced is the charge for refrigerating the fruit that is now made by owners of the various cars connected with tho Cali fornia fruit transportation business. This aggregates $175 on each car, and while no doubt expenses aro heavy in the matter or Te-icmg cars and the de tails incident to properly managing the business, yet if four railroads can make a profit in their pro rata share of $350 it would seem as though the re-frigorator-car line could materially re duce the cost of refrigeration and still have a profit loft. "So far as commission charges are concerned these are reduced to a mini mum, and nothing can bo expected in the way of a raving from this source. "The details of handling the Cali fornia business are most scientifically conducted, and all propositions to do away with the present source of outlet and methods of conducting tho busi ness so far as the disposition of the fruit is concerned are useless. "At a recent convention in California it was proposed that a 'bureau of in formation' should be established which should be of great value to all con cerned in the trade, contingent, how ever, wholly npon the railroad com panies giving better time than is at present their schedule. "It is also proposed that there shall be a further amalgamation of interests of all concerned in the marketing of California fruits, but in this age of competition it is hardly to be expected that those connected with this branch of the business could consistently yield advantages to smaller shippers without some consideration, and when this is brought about we can expect to see a living illustration of the lamb and lion lying down together. "From the fact that the California people are agitating the question of quick time, and from the well-known progressive ideas of the manageis of the various railroad companies inter ested in the California fruit traffic, it is to be hoped and expected that the necessity named above of not less than a six-day schedule time service estab lished through to New York is not a matter of a distant future. "A brief review of the fruit industry so far as the development in the New York market is concerned goes to show that the inoroase of production and consumption in the past few years has developed beyond a conception of possi ibilty. Gardening so far as it relates to cul tivated fruits so it is claimed by writers was as far advanced from 6,000 to 10,000 years ago as it is to day, but the truth of this fitatoment, of course, can be merely derived from con jecture. An investigation of the history of Ancient Babylon shows that tho peach was cultivated, and is of the variety of the almond. The theory is that the out side skin of the almond has become fleshy instead of remaining in the pres ent form of the almond. The orange is claimed by some to have been first known in Burmab, and disseminated to the far East, andpossi blythe Holy Land was the second point of development. The introduc tion of the orange in Spain is said to be due to tho Moors, who cultivated it in Andalusia. The origin of tho peach is credited to Persia. As to the origin of the pear there seems to be some uncertainty, but it is supposed to have been improved from the apple. The plum is also sup posed to have had a similar origin. The apricot originally came from Persia. The nectarine, which is of the nature of the plum and peach, proba bly came from a union of the two, and is of later origin. The cherry is of Persian growth, and was probably im proved from wild varieties that grew in the valleys of tho Tigres and Euphrates Peaches, plums and cherries were all known by the ancient Greeks and ! Romans, according to a clipping that I saw in a newspaper recently. j It is also claimed that the records , prove that tho Phoenicians had in their j gardens almonds, apricots, bananas, citrous, grapes, olives, peaches and per-; Simmons thousands of years ago. This , being so, apparently tho tremendous development and production that now exists was a matter of slow growth, j comparatively speaking, until within a few years ago. ; Briefly reviewing the histqry of the California fruit industry in this market . goes to prove this statement, for the ! reason that in 188(1 a total of 53 caroads represented the aggregate of business done in deciduous fruits. In 1887 there was only a slight increase showu, as is evidenced by the fact that ninety carloads were disposed of, but in 1888, the year I entered into tho trade as an auctioneer, there were disposed of by means of pushing the trade actively 150 carloads. In 188!), using tho same method, 300 cars; in 181)0, 050 curs: in 1891 a slight falling off in ship ments was noted by tho fact that about 575 cars only were disposed of in this market,- owing to the heavy porductiou ii near-by points in the culture of small fruits. In 1892-93 there was an increase in carloads disposed of which was followed by the season's total re ceipts of nearly 1,000 carloads, which is the largest quantity that has ever been disposed of in New York. It is by uo means a settled fact that this marks the total growth so far as quantity is concerned of California products in this market, as the time is not far distant, in my opinion, when New York will handle to advantage not less than 2,000 carlods each season. The growth in the citrus-fruit trado is shown by the fact that the increase in the shipment of orauges from Cali fornia between 1885, when 100,000 boxes were sent to the various markets of the United States, up to 1893, a lit tle over 2,500,000, illustrates what it is posible for the State to do in this way, and just as the citrus fruit is bound to extend and drive out tho foreign pro duct, so California's deciduous fruits are bound to practically prevent the profit able growth of similar fruits in States adjacent to our own. RAISING NUTS. The long-expected nut bulletin of the Department of Agriculture, prepared by the division of pomology, is nearly ready far the Public Printer, though no copies of it will bo distributed for at least a year. It is a remarkably in teresting publication, throwing light upon the possibilities of a branch of agriculture hitherto neglected, uf the plants which aredestiued to be brought under systematic cultivation in this country during tho Twentieth century nuts are among tho most promising. They have a higher nutritive worth than is possessed by the apple, peach and pear. They are of the nature of staple articles of diet, and approach the grains in food valuo. Moreover, they are not perishable. This couutry is largely supplied with nuts from abroad, although nearly all of them might as well be produced in tho United States. The market supply of wild nuts is harvested largely by boys and girls, who gather them for pleas ure, though, in some sections, the crop is a blessing direct from Nature's hand to the poor. Perhaps the best of all the nuts is that species of hickory known as tho pecan. It is native to the United States, growing wild in tho Mississippi Valley and in Texas. The largest and finest nuts come from Louisiana, some specimens attaining a length of two iuohes and a diameter of three-quarters of an inch. Com paratively few from that State reach the North, however. In Bee county, Texas, pecans aro grown with very thin shells, that may be crushed in the fingers. The freshly gathered nuts ave placed in revolving churns, by which they are cleaned aud brightened. A factory in New York city gives employ--ment to fifty men aud women engaged in the business of polishing or "burn ishing" pecans far market. Event ually, cleaning establishments will be set up in the neighborhood of orchards. Washington Star. AN INTERESTING COMPUTATION. Somebody has mado the fallowing computation regarding the use of to bacco: "Take the amount of money that is annually spent in the United States, for tobacco, convert it into silver dol lars, and begin walking around the earth. Supposing that you could walk across the seas, dropping one dollar at every step of the way; when you have circumvented the globe thirteen times, you would still have fifteen thousand miles to travel before you would drop the last coin. In other words, if you would travel at the rate of forty miles a day. resting on the Sabbath, and dropping a dollar at each step, you would have a task that would last you thirty-seven years and three months." Little Boy Mamma, you think more of the minister than you do of me. Mamma Why do you say that, my son? Little Boy 'Cause when he praises the pie yon ask hira to have another piece. Philadelphia Record. WINDSOR IN WINTER. How the Queen's Home is Lighted in Winter. SHE HAS A PREFERENCE FOR WOOD. No Gas or Oil Used in Her Majesty's Apart ments. Candles Are Good Enough for Britain's Ruler. For lighting the castle four methods are available, all of which are more or less in operation, viz., gas, oil, cau dles and the electric light, while for warming and cooking, wood, coal and gas aro used. During the residence of the Court some hundreds of persons aro in the castle besides the royal family and the visitors, consequently the ade quate provision of all these processes is of a somewhat gigantic natnre, keeping many servants constantly employed. For the general lighting and heating, gas and coal are adopted, but this is not so in the Queens' own rooms.uor in many other of the royal apartments. In the matter of fires far her own rooms the Queen strictly banishes coal. She has h confirmed preference far wood only. Special supplies of wood have to be obtained for this purpose from the thickly-timbered hills a few miles up tho river, above Windsor, were a number of workmen are regu larly employed ou this task. The tim ber, when felled and roughly trimmed on the spot, is brought down to a wharf on the riverside, whore it is dressed and cut up into blocks of fixed sizes. It is then stacked to get seasoned, and as required supplies are brought down to tho castle for consumption in the Queen's rooms. Gas and oil are excluded from her Majesty's apartments. Here light is provided by means of wax candles, all of one special pattern, their daily re moval being the duty of a special offi cial. In some of the other apartments gas is uiltized, and in other parts oil lamps are burned, gas supplying the quarters of the staff generally. More over, although the Queen bars all but oaudles for her own private use, she has permitted the introduction of an electrio light plant. This is placed underneath tho north terrace, aud is in charge of a special engineer, under the general supervision of a prominent electrician. This plant has never been largely used, but the light has been led into and applied to the main corridors, to one or two of the royal apartments and to the library. A year or so ago tho original plant was replaced by newer and more powerful macbiuerV: which would probably suffice to light the whole of the castle if the Queen so wmert, but this has not yet occurred, nor is she likely to sanction it. Elec trio bells and telephones abound throughout the castle, but electro light is allowed very limited play. The coal required for Windsor Castle chiefly comes from certain collieries in North Wales, brought in trainloads of perhaps 500 tons at a time. From the station it is carted to the castle, in various parts of which are deep and spacious cellars into which it is tipped. Thence it is conveyed as required to the different rooms and offices, numbering some hundreds. Lifts are almost unknown in the castle, consequently tho coal has to be hoisted from the cavernous cellars and carried hither and thither by coal por ters. The replenishing of the fires is carried out upon a most caieful and efficient plan, footmen aud other higher servants receiving the coal from tho porters and passing it on to the royal apartments at intervals throughout the day. Each official connected with heating aud lighting the pnKt.la lino Vlio ollnftn.l the residence of the highest lady in the laud is lighted and warmed in efficient manner by many aud vairous processes. London Nws. ALUMINUM. In 1883 aluminium States, iu there were S3 pounds of produced in the United 1892 we used 260,000 pounds, and in ten years henca we shall doubtless use more than as many mil lions. When the aluminium cap was put on the Washington monument, in 1883, the metal cost $8 per pound. Now it can be bought for 67 cents a pound. One of its peculiarities is its lightness. A solid block of it a foot squnro only weighs a pound. It does not tarnish, and aoids have no effect upon it. This makes it very valuable for surgical instruments, and for the wires which are used in sewing up wounds. The racing-men are putting aluminium shoes npon all race-horses. Not only are they very light, but they preserve the feet of the horse. The rowers, who aro always looking for new boats, have had racing-shells built of the now metal. They can be made of single sheets one nineteenth of an inch thick. Sheets of it are used far roofing houses. It does not have to be painted like tin, as dust and dampness will have no effect npon it. For this reason it is very valuable in cooking utensils, and furthermore, added to its extreme lightness, it has a great capneity for holding heat, and is almost unbreakablo. St. Louis Post Dispatch. Aggravated Insult Young Wife nt (telephone) Is that the office of the telephone company? I want to talk with Cyrus Winterbottom. I'm his wife, and Telephone Girl Num ber? Young Wife Number? I'm his first and only, you insulting creature! Chicago Daily Tribune. The United States has 60,085 post offices, while Great Britain has 80,016, yet the latter has 74,819 employees to 101,0b for the former. IRISH MOSS. A little town, known as Jericho, in Massachusetts, seems to be the cen ter of this industry. We gather these notes from a paper which was printed lately in the Boston "Herald." Boys, men and women all engage in the work, which consists in spreading it upon the beach prepared by raking all tho dirt, stones and driftwood away, and leaving a fine bed of white sand; when tne weed is first brought in by the boats, each of which gets about a barrel and a-half, it is taken upon creels, a sort of barrow, and spread out upon the beach; it is turned over daily as in hay making, for the space of two weeks; each morning it is washed in clean sea water fresh water ruins it), it is then gradually bleached, as when first gathered it is of a light green color, and in the course of a few weeks becomes successively red, pink, aud finally nearly white. btormy weather is a great drawack to the mosser's work. Some of tho moss that the storms tear loose and scatter upen the rocks is gathered and classed as hand picked, bringing generally a quarter or one-half cent per pound more than that gathered in the usual wav for commerce. Should a spell of rainy weather come ou during tho season of gathering, heavy unbleached muslin covers are used to protect the moss, which is packed up in heaps. Two crops are obtained each year, the first one being the better; the late crop is liablo to be injured by a little black vegetable growth callod glut, cause.l, it is said, by the warmer water of August days. HOW TO MAKE CHILDREN HAPPY. I know a mother who is going to ruin the health of ber baby in her ex cessive care for its clean clothes. The poor little thing is never allowed to creep over tho floor after the dancing sunbeams, or to kick its dimpled legs in the air in a vain endeavor to catch its ten pink toes. Not a bit of it. It is fed at a certain hour, which is all right, but afterward it is placed in its crib, where its long dresses, starched till they crack, are straightened out as smooth as pillow-slips, and there it lies with its legs pinioned down by heavy skirts, its muscles growing flabby from inaction, and its blood sluggish. If, perchance, it is permitted to sit up, it is tied into a high chair, and its long skirts drag down on its poor little toes till one would think they would sprout corns. The thing to do with a healthy baby is to have it clean twice a day when it goes to bed at night and when it drosses fresh about the middle of the day. The healthiest babies in the world get dressed in tho morning for all day. Just as soon as the child be gins to kick and wants to get at its feet, it ought to be dressed in short clothes and put on the floor to work out its own salvation. Its muscles were given it to use, and it will put them to the test if you will give it a chance. The mother who thinks moro of her baby's clothes than she does of its health, is quite likely to have the clothes left ou her hands eternally clean. SENSIBLE RULES OF ETIQUETTE. A gentleman leaves his overshoes, overcoat and umbrella in the hall, when making a call, but retains his nan in nis nana. xno glove is no longer removed in greeting the hos tess. When attending an afternoon tea each guest should leave a card in the hall or with the servant in attendance. Those who cannot be present are ex pected to send their cards on that afternoon. When a man calls upon a woman who is a visitor in the family that is unknown to him he should ask to see both hostess aud guest and send in a card far each. But this does not give him the privilege of a further acquaint ance with the hostess unless she invites him to call again. A cultivated lady in Washington once said, "Show mo a letter from a woman or let me dine with her and I will tell you just how she was brougntup." Here is a hint for par ents to take the utmost pains in train ing their children tooorrect table man ners and to promptness and neatness in correspondence. The recognized rule for introductions is to present a gentleman to a lady aud the younger person to the older. Official rank or exceptional distinction would naturally modify the rule, how ever. A lady does not rise when a gen tleman is presented unless he be con siderably her senior. MANY SORTS ON ONE TREE. A writer in "Gardening Illustrated" suggests the utility of grafting a num ber of kinds of pears on a single tree for household use. Not many families can consumo the product of a large tree, ripening about the same time, whereas single limbs of various sorts, ripening in succession, would yield welcome supplies. He suggests (for English use) eight kinds Jargonelle, William's Bon Chretien (Bartlett), Beurre Super fin, Louise Bonne, Doyenne du Cornice, Marie Louiso, Josephine de Malines and Beurre d'Esperance from which one may reasonably hope to get a limited supply of fruit from the end of August to the first of March. With some variations to suit one's soil, cli mate and taste, this plan might be (and has boon) pursued to advantage by the Amorican amateur, and extended to embracing other fruits. Wo remem ber years ago visiting the garden of Charlen Downing in Newburgh. N. Y., where, in consequence of limited space and many varieties to test, he had grafted aud regrafted his trees until they seemed to be bearing crops of labels at well ta of fruit. Exchange. VITALITY OF Clillil Sam Greene Comes Honestly by a Thieving Propensity. THE FAMOUS LANCASTER OUTLAWS. One Famly Has Been Furnishing Work for the Criminal Courts Since the Year 1770. In 1856 the District Attoney of Lan. caster county, Pa., was trying a man named Greene for burglary, and ha stated thtit the prisoner belonged to a family that had been criminals and law-breakers since the Revolution, and that the records of the courts of both Chester and Lancaster counties show that indictment had been found against men of that family as early as 1779. Iu 1790 the Pennsylvania "Gazette" warns travelers on the State road, near the Gap, in Lancaster county, that they are liable to be attacked by "Greene's Banditti," said Greene be ing a giant negro of the most desperate character. A few years after he and his party attacked some "Pittsburg wagoners jjnd.Groeue was shot. This week's ijaucaster papers an nounce the capture of Sain Greene, one of the most desperate of the Welsh Mountain outlaws, who is wanted on numerous charges of robbery, and who has eluded arrest for over a year. His associates were taken, and are now in jail serving out long terms. Here is a striking instauce of the vitality of crime. For five generations the Greenes have been persistent out laws, living in a wealthy and thickly settled community. Tho women and men aro light in color, all tall, power ful and comely in appearance. Some thing is due to their surroundings. The mountain borders on the Pequea, the most fertile valley in the State, aud the farmers are Mennonites, who are opposed to applying to the courts for redress. Perhaps with more vigor ous neighbors these outlaws would have been driven away. The family has not increased in numbers within the last fifty years, but has maintained its physique and savage independence. In 1 850 there were seven of the men and one woman in the jails of Lancaster and Lebanon. With one exception, none of them has ever beon convicted of willful murder. In 1828a peddler named Alburty disappeared in the vicinity of the Welsh Mountain, and a long time after a pile of bleached bones found in a ravine was identified as bis remains. A round hole in the skull indicated how ho lost his life. Jim Greene was arrested, but the evidence was not sufficient to convict, and he was released. About 1880 a man named Scott drove cattle over the pike, mostly from Vir. ginia. He was a powerful man an& resolute in character. He had sold his cattlo in Philadelphia, and was re turning to his home in Dauphin county, and was halted by a man just at night fall near New Holland. He drew big heavy holster pistol and pulled the trigger. It snapped. He then stack the robber with the butt, breaking the stock and laying the man out on the pike. Scott then rode on. The robber was Rubo Greene, Jim's brother. His skull was fractured, and he died and was buried ou the mountain before the officers could take him. There is not in this State, it is be lieved, another instance of a family that has thus for over a century defied the laws and public opinion, its members maintaining in all that time their ex istence as outlaws in one locality. Philadelphia Times. SCIENCE AND PROGRESS. Aluminium corrodes in salt water and barnacles attaoh to it, making it unfit for naval uses, Recent chemical investigation of soils has proved that the sanitary dangers of bnrying the dead are exag gerated. An electrical machinn far nlncino shutters of factories in case of fire has Deen invented by Samnel H. Curwen, a Salem electrician. A Peoria shoemaker has invented a working shoe with a wooden (poplar) sole one inch thick. It is very dura ble, comfortable and comparatively light. A little bit of cheese aud an eleotrio wire form the latest rat-trap. The cheese is fixed to the wire, and the in stant the rat touches the cheese he is shocked to death. The giant of all the tollescopesof the world, tho great Yereks instrument for the University of Chicago, will soon be scanning the heavens with its im mense cyclopean eye. One of the most interesting articles at the Boston Food Fair is cottolene, which consists of 50 per cent, of re fined cotton-seed oil and 20 per oent. pf pressed suet. It is nsed in making bread and cakes in the exhibition, and the Bostouians credit soienoo with hay. ing discovered an important substitute far lard and other fats employed in cooking. The recent trials on the Thames of a small torpedo-boat, with steel frame work and aluminium plates for the hull, "have shown an unusual speed, which the makers state is partly owing to the use of the light metal and partly to the better balancing of the niachiu ery, as woll as the use of water tube boilers in place of the usual locomotive, type." Parson Deacon Smith, kindly wakon Brother Hawkins. While it it true that the sleep of the just has oft been commended, I do not think the snore of the just hat ever received the tamp of approval. Harper' Bazaar,