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PIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
T. 1. 08B0KKI, MaKaSCK. fiocm, uncou co. NEVADA. ALONG THE COAST. Interesting Occurrences From all Over the Coast. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED rlally ana Cartlr Told la this Column. to plsoe Masonic A oontraot bat been signed n eleotrio ligbt plant in the Tempi in Oakland. The ttookbolders of the Main itreet car line of Lot Angeles have voted to issue $350,000 bond. The City Ball of Fteano baa been ordered wired for tbe introduction of tbe new eleotrio ligbt system. Tbe sadden sickness of a Mexican in Santa Barbara bas canted a andden soare of smallpox in that locality. Two men beld np and robbed Jailer La Brie of $187 in gold in tbe conrt bonae yard in Woodland at tbe point of a pistol. Dr. F. B. Smith, a well-known den- Met of Ban Lnia Obispo, diedjof injoriea received a few days ago by falling from a bone. Tbe first lien nnder tbe law giving a blacksmith a lien on a borse in pay ment far aboeing bas been filed witb tbe oounty olerk at Salem, Oregon. Tbe latest projeot for tbe improve ment of tbe Stockton police force ia tbe establishment of a complete sepa rate telephone system for tbe depart' ment Tbe Amerioan Society of Civil Engl neers will bola its twenty-eighth an noal convention in San Franoisco on or about June 80. Some 300 delegates are expeoted. Fire fiends are at work in Woodland. Tbe Enreka sobool-bouse was bnrned down on the night of May 4, and aUo a large barn, owned by Jobn Woblfrom, on the road between Knight's Land ing and Black's. Secretary Boke Smith has approved a sohool indemnity selection of 10,166 acres made by tbe State of California in tbe Visalia Land district and a swamp land l.'st of 8.799 oorei in tbe Snsanville, Cal., Land district. Tbe horning of a fonr-story brick block at Buffalo oaotied a loss of $100. 000. Tbe Goodyear Rubber Company, tbe William Bengerer Compan and Abrams Ss Byman, manufacturers of excelsior, occupied tbe struotnre, Tbe valuable collection of monnted birds colleoted by taxidermist Charles Fiebig, dnring the last twenty years, was presented to tbe publio schools of Kureka by that gentleman. It is one of tbe best collections on the coast. Judge Daingerfield, of Santa Rosa, has decided that the bid of Effey for the construction of tbe new water works and oontraot which waa subsequently sublet to Perkins are void, on tbe ground that there waa no competitive bidding Tbe women's congress of tbe Paoiflo ooast waa in session all last week in San Franoisoo. Miss Anthony and Miss Sbaw were there strengthening the faith of tbe local sisters. The time was taken up with papers, ad dresses, mnsio and discussion. Wm. Laverone and Jack Roberts, highwaymen, who were captured a few days since, overpowered tbe jailer at Madera about midnight beating him severely over the head with a brick. Tbey took bis keys and arms and escaped. They are desperate oharaoters. John T. Jones, of Carson City, has been sentenced to eight years in prison ana to pay a fine of $5,000 for looting tbe Carson Mint Tbe united states courtroom was filled to overflowing, but one could have heard a pin drop when Judge Bawley took tbe bench. A severe thunderstorm, accompanied oy a copious downpotr of rain, began aoout noon a lew days ago in Los An geles. Snob a thing is very unusual considerable damage was done tatbs buy crop, which, on aooount of scarcity ui rain earner in me season, was already being harvested. News has reaobed San Diego that inree white men were found dead on tbe desert at a place supposed to be on the Lower Carriso oreek. The report was Drought m by Juan Ignaoio. Mioopan Indian, who came up from me iOcopan mountains along the Carriso on bis way to Pala. Y7 I 1 . 1 rui win noon oe commenced on tbe Victor reaervoir, San Bernardino, wnion will nave a capacity of 188, 000,000 gallons of water when completed, H. P. Sweet of Los An geles represents tbe Columbia Colon! cation Company composed of Eastern capitalists, and 1b general manager. A prominent merchant of Elk Grove has been negotiating witb the business men and farmers of Biggs, with tbe view of erecting a grist-mill there. Hill guarantees to build a floor mill witb a oapacity of forty barrels a day. and all the latest improved maobinery ror making nrst-ciass Hour and mill staff a Two contracts nave been let by tbe Utah and Paoiflo Improvement Com pany for work on the Salt Lake and Paoiflo. Tbe first oontraot awarded was to J. C Watson and Bros, for grading the first section of tbe first thirty miles. Tbe second oontraot went to Eli Oppenshaw of Santaquin for 8,0000 ties. Grand Court, Foresters of Amerioa, while in session at Watsonville eleoted tbe following grand offioere for tbe ensuing year: E. 8. Barrison. J. W. ; E Holden, 8. R; W. A. Wellon. J. B. ; Trustees, O. C. Gregor, J. E. Cox, S. L. Waller. A few amendments to the by-laws were adopted, but none of any importance. Articles of Inoorporaton have been filed ia Albuquerque, N. M., by the Pecos Valley Beet and 8ogar Company. Capital stock, $200,000. Object, to manufacture, refine and sell sugar and to grow sugar beets. Directors, A. Eililen. A. 8. Goets, A. Campbell, J. Hi germ an. C H. McLenatben and E. F. Draper. General Jobn Mansfield died sud denly at bis borne in Los Angeles from apoplexy. Be came to California in 1870, became editor of tbe Morning Republican and later waa a member of tbe State Constitutional Convention, Under tbe constitution adopted by tbe convention be was elected Lieutenant Governor under Governor Perkins. A detailed statement of tbe building operations in San Jose during tbe year ending April 80, 1890, shows bealtby, normal growth, tbe most noticeable feature of which ia tbe building up of (be residence portion, where 100 neat little cottages were erected in that time. Tbe total num ber of buildings erected is 184, witb sn expenditure of $167,000. Tbi shows that a rew building waa erected every two daya in the year at an ex penditure of nearly $2000 during every working day of that penoo. Tbe Board of Directors of tbe Grange Co. beld a meeting at Model to and oonolnded to erect warehouses at all shipping points on tbe line of tbe San Joaquin Valley railroad between tbe Stanislaua and Meroed rivers. Tbe sites have not yet been located by the railroad company but aa soon as tbey are decided upon toe Grange will im mediately go to woik witb their new buildings. Tbe warehouses will te first-class in every appointment and will probably be of brick with corru gated iron roofs. The papers in a sensational suit in tbe United Statea Court were served in Seattle a few day ago. It is the suit of L. G. Dillman, tbe prominent real estate dealer of Spokane, against tbe Northern Paoiflo Railroad Com pany, and in tbe complaint be tella in full tbe atory of the gigautio frauds praotioed by Sobulze in oonneotion with the aale of lands in and adjacent to Spokane. Dillman asks for tbe re turn of $313,000, of wbish be says be was deliberately defrauded; for $112, 400 damages, which be claima to have suffered by reason of false representa tions, and for the further sum of $65, 000, which he claims to have paid out on promissory notes signed in behalf of the road. The committee on water and water supply of tbe council of Los Angeles Water Company, informed tbe latter of tbe action taken by tbe oouncil in the efforts to secure a municipal water plant The Water Company is to be requested to set upon its plant a prioe, tbe figures of which will form a basis for the oommittee's action. Should it be determined to purchase tbe Dlant now in use, bonds for tbe purpose will be authorized to be voted for at a gen eral eleotion. Should the figures of tbe Water Company, on the other hand, be such as to preclude the ob taining of the Water Company's plant, bonds will be voted for just tbe same, and if the eleotion carries, tbe city will equip its own plant. TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. Condensed Telegraphic Reports of Late Events. BRIEF SPARKS FROM THE WIRES Budget or Hews for tasr Digestion Al Parts of tbe Country Boprotentea Interesting Items. WHAT EASTERN EDITORS THINK. The Immigration yuetlon Tha Italian Influx. Cleveland Leader The great pens on Ellis Island, in New York Bsy, are crowded witb Italians held under tbe clause in tbe mild immigration laws of tbe United Statea, which provides for tbe deporta tion of immigration unfit to become self-sustaining oitizens, free from ob vious disease and the taint of crime or pauperism. In America these almost penniless and unskilled laborers, as tbey are for tbe most part, will find themselves thrown on tbe wage market under con ditions whioh oompel them to accept any terms offered. They cannot onoose. Tbey must find work at once, regardless of tbe rate of pay, or else beg or starve. Tbe effect upon the labor market in this country can be easily imagined. American wage-earners are subjeoted to the competition of a host of men who are foroed to take whatever waeea are offered. They underbid our own citizens because tbey must, and mil. lions are injured by their necessities. Ignorant and unskilled runaways, eiaaping military service at home, bring trouble and misfortune to America A Remarkable Increase. I Button Taaveller.) The latest immigration statistics from Ellis Island, New York, are in structive. It appears that from Jan uary 1 to April 17 of tbe present year, oo.shu immigrants were landed at tbat plaoe, against 16,366 for tbe four monhts of January to April, inclusive. 1896. Of the former number, about 20.000 were Italians, of the latter 11, 896. It appears from this that, while the total immigration haa inoreased four fold over tbe same period of last year, the Italian contingent has not quite doubled. Even witb tbe arrival in a few days of 7.797 Italians, now en route, tbe percentage of Italian to total immigration shows a marked de crease over tbe corresponding period of last year. It may be added tbat of tbe 66,290 immigrants from January 1 to April 17, 7,096 were classed aa illiterate. It these figures are aeon rat . th indioate a fallacy in tbe comments lately heard to tbe effeot that the Abysinian war was the oause of the great stimulus to emigration of tbe last few months. While a visible in- crease in tbat from Italy is noticeable, ii is aiso to be observed tbat some still more powerful agencies are at work to stimulate tbat from other countries. it wonld be interesting to! trace these agenoies. Tbe estate of tbe late pluuger. Ed ward Partridge, is found to be worth $2,700,000. Colonel Alexsnder BHss, step-son of Bancroft, tbe historian, died at Wash ington recently. The location at Gettysburg where tbe statue of General Slocum aball stand bas just been decided cn. George Follett & Co.. wool dealers of New York, bsve assigned. Tbe amount involved is about $76,000. Two men and a complete counter feiting outfit have been captured by secret Service officers in New York. Warren Fisber, who was involved in tbe famous Mulligan letters witb Jamea G. Blaine, died at hia home in Roxbuiy, aged 71. Tbe Indiana of Oklahoma Territory. all of whom are polygamiats, are to be prosecuted unless tbey give up all their squaws but one. Ex-Judge Jobn W. Bonston of the Delaware Superior Court, one of the most noted politicians in tbe State, died at bis borne in Georgetown. Tbe remains of W. Q. Gresham were removed from the vault in Oakwood Cemetery. Chicago. Tbe final inter ment will be made in Arlington Ceme tery. Tbe jury failed to agree at Omaha. Neb. in the trial of City Treasurer Benry Sobn, charged with bavins misappropriated $116,000 of tbe pnblio lunas. Major Edward M. Hayes. U. S. A., will go to Cuba witb tbe new Consul uenerai. ntsbugb Lee. He will not go in an official capaoity, but will be ready to help Lee whenever he can. The Japanese Minister is Washing- ton, Mr. Kurino, has reoeived notice from his Government that be will be transferred to tbe Italian mission. His successor will be Mr. Tori, a distin guisbed Japanese and formerly Presi dent of tbe Lower House of tbe Japan ese Diet. Ueorge S. Cole, president of the Amerioan Exchange Bank of New York, died of paralysis at bis borne in new Jersey. It was through Mr. Cole's financial ability tbat tbe scheme of issuing clearing house certificates was resorted to in tiding over tbeorisis OI 1873. a i-ii t . . . . a Dioomingion, in., dispetob says mat me marriage or Miss Julia Steven son, eldest daughter of Vioe-President Stevenson, and Rev. Martin D. Hardin of Kentucky, sou of Hon. H. P. Watt Hardin, will occnr at tbe New York avenue Presbyterian Churoh, Washing ton, May 28. Peroival Lowell of Boston and Dr. T. J. See of tbe Universiity of Chica go, two astronomers, will shortly make observations of the heavens in Mexico and South American countries. Mr. Lowell will study Mars, while Dr. See will search the southern heaevn to try and see some double stars. May 1st, the socialists' international holiday, was quietly obcerved in Chi oago. For tbe first time in many years there were no parades. The only demonstrations advertised were meet ings of tbe socialist labor party at West Twelfth street Turner Hall, and tbat of tbe Radicals at Aurora Turner Hall. A revolt took plaoe among tbe boys in tbbe Houso of Refuge on Randalls Island, near N. Y. last week. A boy named Berlin, 18 years old, attaoked one of the guards witb a knife, and he and several of his friends, armed with knives and baseball bats, defied the authorities. It was only after several shots bad been fired over their heads tbat tbey yielded. Careful eatimates place the orange crop of Reulands for tbe season of 1896-96 at seven hundred narlnnria against five hundred and twnt.fl carloads for last season. Tbe greater part of tbe present season', fruit h.. been already marketed, but tbore still remains about two hundred oarlnnrii of an varieties wnicb are being shipped at the rate of five or more coring. day. Tbe Excelsior Bicyole Factor located in Eureka, ia a new entemriRn in tbat city. This firm inteuda to manufacture bicycles of its own bls year, to be known as tbe "O. K." Tbe National Electrical Exposition was formally opened in the Grand Cen tral Palace, New York. There were delegates present from over 10,000 eleotrio ligbt plants in tbe United States. Governor Morton pressed the golden key wbiob caused artillery saintea simultaneously at San Fran Cisco, New Orleans, St Paul, and Augusta, Maine. Tbe statement of tbe Burlington railroa'd's March earnings shows a sur plus of $186,873 for tbe month and an inorease of $166,760 in the surplus as compared with tbe corresponding period last year. For the first three months of this year tbe road bas ac cumulated a surplus of $141. 680, while for tbe same period last year it bad aencit oi f 307.434, wbiob sbows an improvement for the three months of $508,965. Freight earnings for last month inoreased $194,498, and passen ger earnings $23,401. Captain Sampson, Professor Alger and other members of the Bureau of Ordinance witnessed the attack by a 10-inch gun on a 15-inoh armor plate at tbe Bethlehem Iron Company's proving grounds in Pennsylvania, Tbe plate tested represented tbe group of plates for tbe turret of the battleship Iowa. A Carpeutar projectile, weigh ing 600 pounds, was fired from a 10 inob gun witb a charge of 164 pounds or powder, attaining a velocity of 1339 feet per seooud. Tbe point of impaot waa a littie to tbe left and below tbe center of the plate. Tbe projectile waa shattered and tbe point imbedded and welded in the plate. Tbe plate waa split across its width, while there was a orack at tbe bottom. FOREIGN NEWS. An explosion by which 100 persons are believed to bave perished has occurred at Mioklefleld, Yorkshire. A oollision occurred at Woo 8ong between the steamers New Sbwang and Onwo. Tbe latter aank and over two hundred persons, mostly Chinese, were drowned. Princess Louise eldest daughter of Crown Prince Frederick, and Prince Frederick of Schaamburg-Lippe were marired at tbe Amalienburg Pal aoo, in Copbenbages. in the presence of tbe King and Qoeen and a large number of relatives Tbe Armenian Relief Committee reports tbat tbe number killed has been given too few, in tbe desire of not overstating. It is now clear tbat 7C00 if not 8000 were killed in Oorfa. The total number of those slain reaches 200,000. The guarantee protocol lately de oided upon between Chile and tbe Argentine Republio haa been aigned. In addition the treaty between Chile and Bolivia was ratified. Tbe armed truoe ceases and definite peace is settled. By the arrangement all tbe former Bolivian ooait becomes Chilean. THE FRUIT OUTLOOK. California's Output Will be an Average One. REPORTS OF FROSTED DISTRICTS. The enumeration of children in Oak land baa been completed by School Census Marshal Friend, and contrary to all expectation tbe total shows an increase over last year's figures of 141. Tbe number of ohildron nnder five years was found to be 4862, as oora pared to 4933 last year, a fulling off of 71. Tbe grand total of children in the oity under 17 years of age is 18, 145, as against 18,076 last year, an inorease of 70. Intelligence hss reached Havana of a fleroe engagement between six columns in Spanish troops under Gen eral Snares Inolan and tbe insurgents under General Maoeo near Carajicaraa, south of Babia Honda. Tbe rebel loss is estimated at over 200. Tbe loss on tbe Spanish side waa two lieutenants and fourteen soldiers killed and one lieutenant-oolonel, two captains, one major, two other officers and sixty soldiers wounded. Tbe Industrial Exhibition in tbe Monioipal Park at Trepot was opened by Emperor William May 1. Bis ma jesty was accompanied by the Empress. President Ksnneman, addressing tbe Emperor, sail tbe exhibition was tbe outcome of s desire to celebrate the twenty-fiftb anniversary of free and united Germany. The Minister of Commerce, Baron von Berlepsob, on behalf of tie Emperor, then declared the exhibition open. Tn the Bouse of Commons Chamber lain, replying to a questiion by T. C. Bowles. Conservative, said that tbe Governmett had no information tbat Cecil Rhodes bad given his pledge tbat tbe Imperial Government would not interfere to prevent Dr. Jameson's raid into tbe Transvaal. Be had no communication with Mr. Rhodes or any one else relative to tbe exercise of the imperial authority in tbe event of a raid. While tbe men were removing pillars in a coal mine in Brunnerton, New Zealand, a oave occurred, causing an in rash of gas. An explosion fol lowed, whioh completely closed egress and entombed sixty men. Tbe mine filled witb gas, and before a rescuing party aoold descend into the pit the entombed men were beyond assistance, having been slowly oboked to death by tbe ten'.ble fire damp. Not one was resoued alive, and but five dead bodies were recovered. London Truth says it is credibly in formed tbat President Kruger possesses evidenoe tbat tbe intention of Dr. Jameson was to march upon Pretoria first, to seize President Kruger and then to proceed to Johannesburg witb the President as a prisoner. It tben oonoludos as follows "Bad Cecil Khodes remained Preimer of Cape ioiony, i am ooDvinoed tbat as soon as it suited his purposes be would have turned on ui (tbe British Gov ernment) and sought to out tbe chain whioh binds us to South Africa." Tbe inaugural ceremonies of tbe celebration of tbe national milennium of Hungary were opened last week at Buda Pestb. Emperor Frauds Joseph, aa King of Hungary, wearing tbe uni form of a general and looking remark ably healthy and vigorous, was re oeived with great enthusiasm as he arrived upon tbe scene of tbe ceremon ies. His Majesty vras accompanied by the Empress Elizabeth, Queen of Hun gary. Tbe ceremonies will lest until October 31. Tbe Millennial Exhibi tion, whioh will be oonitnued until the close of tbe oelebration at tbe end of October, was formally opened by the King, who delivered an address. A private telegram from Teheran states tbat tbe Shan of Persia was assassinated by a religious fanatic Tbe Shah was entering a shrine near Teheran, when his assassin drew a pis tol and fired at him, tbe bullet striking near his heart Tbe wounded ruler was at once conveyed to bis oarriage and taken with all speed to tbe palace, where he died two hours later. Tbe murdeier was arrested. Tbe assassi nated Sbab ia suooeeded by his son, Mazsaffer Eddin. aged 43. Being an offspring of a wife of higher rank, he succeeds his fathers oldest brother, iassoua Mirzia. the governor of Ispahan. Tbe latter ia aocused of oausing tbe murder. Sir Charles Tupper, tbe New Cana dian Premier, baa completed the work of reconstructing tbe Cabinet, and the members have been sworn in. Follow ing is tbe official list of the new Cabi net President of Council, A. R. Au gers; Postmaster-General, L. O. Tail Ion; Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Jobn Costigan; Minister of Finanoe, Ueorge Foster; Publio Works, A. Des- jardms; Minister of Justice, M. R. Diokey; Minister of Militia. Lleuten- ant-Colonel Tisdale; Minister of Agri culture. W. H. Montague; Minister of tbe Interior, Hugh Jobn Maodonald: Secretary of State, Sir Cbarles Tupper; Minister of Trade and Commerce. W. B. Ives; Controller of Customs, J. F. Wood; Controller of Inland Revenue. Lieutenant-Colonel E. G. Pryor; Solio-itor-General, Sir O. H. Tupper; Minis ters without portfolio. Sir Frank Smith, Donald Ferguson and Senator Rosa Frost Preventatives- Future Valae of the Fruit Industry A Summary of County Reports. T. B. Carmloal of West Highlands. is putting in a ten-horse power gaso line engine to irrigate fifty acres of orange land owned by five separate orohardists. Tbe cost for tho Dlant ill be $1300. It is guaranteed to lift 30 inohes constant flow. The Samona sohool trustees will bold an election for May 23, for tbe purpose of voting on bonds to tbe amount of $35,000. for tbe purpose of i is lnnVimr .n bnildlng a new sohool house. I There is no doubt that th M.ir Tbe unprecedented cold weather for April has, no douDt, seriously injured tbe crops in some psrts of tbe State, says tbe San Francisco Chronicle, but tbe total result bas been a loss which bad it been properly distributed over tbe whole State would bave been only a proper thinning out of our orchards. A stranger reading some of these re ports would conclude tbat California bad gone to pieces and would bave nothing to sell this year. Nothing of this kind is true. There bas been for tbe past month a deficiency of beat entirely unusual at tbis time of tbe year, and a series of frosts, actually lining in some locautns and lor some varieties of produce. But California is a great State, and while we hear promptly ot tbe hundreds who are hurt, we bear little or nothing from tbe thousands of growers who arc not seriously injured. We do not tbink tbat at present any accurate estimate of tbe condition of our fruit crop can be made, but from mailed letters of inquiry to well-known farmers and horticulturists in all parts of the State, requesting the judgment of those ad dressed in regard to tbe condition of the crops in their respective localities. we find that tbe facts are just about as stated above. A summary of the crop reports sbow tbat tbe cherry crop will be very light. A poor crop is reported for Alameda county. Fait for Santa Clara. Solano and the extreme north ern counties also report fair oroDS, Peaobes are in good condition in nearly every district, very few districts re port serious losses. No damage ot any consequence is reported on pears, Tbe Moorpark apricots bave been seri ously damaged almost throughout tbe State. On tbe lowlands tbe entire crop is gone. Other varieties of tbis fruit are badly damaged and only a lair orop will be gathered. No dam age bas been reported on apples, olives or citrus fruits. No estimate of tbe prune crop can as yet be made. It is not believed tbat any serious injury bas been done by frost to tbis crop ex oept on tbe lowest lands, but what barm may come from the continued cold weather cannot yet be deter mined. Tbe growers of early vegeta bles bave probably suffered more seri ously man otner iarmers. These pro ducts are usually raised on the lowest lands, and themselves lie close to tbe ground, while tbe neighborhood of water, which is quite usual, is more or less of a protection, it is reported tbat tbe tender varieties are generally cut down. Tbe watermelons of Lodi will bave to be generally replanted In Merced county vegetables bave been about ruined. The vineyards on the lowland were bard hit, out those on tbe elopes escaped injury. The loss on other fruit is not as heavy as reported. Fresno county seems to bave Buffered severely, says the Watohman. From one end of this vine-growing belt to tbo other the devastating visitation bas left its ruthless waste in evidence, Tbe raisin interest is not lonely in this painful blast. Peaches, aprioots and other fruits similarly advanced travel tbe same road of injury. For the raisins, tbe gleam Jof bope lies in good second and third crops, aided by a late warm and dry fall. For tbe other injured fruits there is no possible recovery. Tbe grain crops north of and includ ing nortbern San Joaquin county are reported in all cases as "good" or "very heavy," says the San Francisco Chronicle. South of San Joaquin oounty tbe effect of tbe ligbt rainfall is shown in a gradual falling off in the promise of the grain yield. Near the wast in Southern California there are one of two reports of "good" crops of barley, but generally even there both wheat and barley are reported as light grain crop, but south of there tbe reports are uniformly "almost a failure." Tbe crop at the north, bow ever, if it meets witb no disaster, will be heavy. As things are now fruit is very much damaged in Tehama oounty. All early potatoes are badly hurt, and in a great many cases will have to be replanted: grain bas beld its own, and with warmer weatber promises well. Says the Santa Rosa Democrat: We find that tbe damage done to early veg etables, snob as beans, corn and pota toes, is very heavy, in many instances leaving nothing; and the vineyards above Healdaborg are, so to say. not damaged to any extent. In the Sonoma and Rincon valleys tbe frost was very heavy, as also in tbe Bennett valley, and some vineyards are totally frozen and again others are hardly touobed and only slighly damaged; so tbat to take tbe matter all through, the matter is not one-half as bad as re ported. What the damage to the fruit trees is, it is impossible to state at present, but we prediot tbat tbe general crop will be far from a fail ure. Tbe frost of April 20th caught Sono ma valley with disastrous results to wine grapes. It was tbe most serious frost of tbe season. Tbe temperature fell to 82 degrees above zero. Tbe frost played havoo in all the vineyards exoept those on tbe hillsides. There bss not been so rouob rain in April for ten years. Hay, grain and pasture never looked better. Tbe fruit crop will be light. Tbe growers of tbe Geyserville country will work with tbe Sonoma County Fruit Exchange in futuie. The cool weather, light frosts and considerable wind bas been rather det rimental to the growth of all crone in Kern oounty. Tbe heavy frosts of tbe week have. destroyed almost the entire oron of peart in tbo Bakerstield section; grapes were also greatly damaged, as was potatoes srd all garden truck: neaohea and aprioots look well and are too far advanced to be damaged by frost; grain cherry crop will be very small, and a considerable quantity ot prunes are liable to drop. Ia Santa Clara oounty there are three sixes on tbe trees now, and tbe two smaller are said to have been entirely killed. If tbis be true, the crop will be only one-fifth of that expected. As to aprioots and' peaches, it cannot be said wberber tbey will drop or net A majority of the fruit is now at least an inch in diam eter, and while tbe greater part ap pears vo bave been blistered, there is a question as to whether tbe frost reached the pit or so badly affected tbe branches as to cause the fruit to fall. This will be better determined within tbe next three or four days. It is safe to ssy tbst tbe apple crop will be at least one-third short, and strawberries have been considerably damaged by tbe last frost "Smudging" has been resorted to in many localities witb varying re sults, tbe strong wind in some quar ters giving tbe smoke a tendency to rise rapidy and pass away. Tbe pros pects are for a big orop of bay and grain. Calaveras county reports tbat tbe frosts have done great damage. On tbe lower lands tbe fruit crou ia believed to be practically ruined, wbile on the higbei levels tbe effects will be felt less severely. Grave fears are also expressed for the welfare of tbe grape crop. San Benito oounty 'g sports tbat there are splendid prospects tor good crops of cereals, but the fiuit waa ruined by tbe late frosts. It ia estimated tbat tbe fruit crop will be about one-quarter tbe usual yield. Hay is very baok ward, but recent rains improved the outlook. Vineyards were hit hard by tbe treat T':a fruit orchards of Alameda county are now beginning to show tbe effects of tbe late frosts. Al though orohardists are not prepared to state exactly tbat their orop ia a failure, it is generally conceded tbat only about one-third remains on tbe trees. There are about 2000 acres of wine grapes in the viointiy of Mis sion San Jose lying upon tbe hillsides, and but very few of them bave been touched by tbe frost, and the grape orop will be about as usual. Five thousand tomato vines within a few miles of tbis place, as well us late potatoes, etc, are killed. In Yolo oounty tbe frost bas dam aged tbe bean and potato orops consid erably, and tender plants, such as tomatoes, cuoumbeis and sweet pota toes, are almost a total loss, in spots. Tbe vineyards are badly damaged. In Solano oounty tbe first reports were greatly exaggerated and the fruit men are now modifying tlnir esti mates of tbe damage done by the frost and it is now thought that much of tbe fruit orop will be saved. Tbe vege tables are, however, a total loss. How to Cure Figa. Speaking of fig growing and curing, a correspondent in tbe California Cul tivator says: Tbe White Adriatio is tbe only variety I have been successful witn. Pick tbe figs when sufficiently ripe to turn down a little on tbe stem. Sulphur them somewhat less than aprioots. Place in the sun to dry on trays witb inob slats for bottoms with one quarter inch spaces between the slats. Turn in tbe evening of tbe first day, and onoe a day till dry, if two days be not sufficient. Those that puff up wbile drying, punoture with a knife. When sufficiently dry put them in tbe sweat box (an ordinary fruit box) and cover with another box. Tbis will take about four daya Tben dip tbe fruit a minute or so in boiling water and plaoe a oouple of hours in tbe sun to dry, when they will be ready to pack up for sale in one, two, or six-pound boxes. Plaoe the figs in tbe boxes partly on their sides and pi ess them in plaoe. One will soon acquire experience in ouring and packing if these general directions be followed. I bfiieve tbe fig needs a (treat deal of irrigating during tbe fruiting season. It prevents tbe fruit from souring. I bave had no success in drving the Brown Smyrna fig. Short Crop of Honey. Bee men are not at all pleased with the weather we bave bad in the last few weeks, says the Riverside Enter prise, It is not warm enough for honey making, and tbe season of tbe orange blossom, the best for honey, is rapidly passing. Usually tbe month of April is good for tbe honey business and during that month some of the best honey made is produced. They report a small storage of honey up to date as compared with tbe record of last season. Tbe cool weather of the past month bas been a set back to tbe wild flowers also, and tbe usual orop of honey from that source bids fair to be lighter than usual, unless tbere should be a decided warming nn of tbe weatber within the next few days. The local bee men's association wbiob was formed here some time sinoe for tbe purpose of procuring sup plies from first hands, has reoieved a quantity of supplies from Eastern manufacturers, whioh are now being diatribnted to members of tbe associa tion. By oombining the members of tbe association manage to prooure sup plies at very muoh reduced figures. Short Notea. Orange-growers are feeling cheerful over tbe fact that 5500 oarloads have been i-blpped out of Southern Califor nia this season, and sold at good prioes. Almost the entire orop has been sent to tbe East The Oroville Mercury says the Northern oitrus belt is the place for those who desire to make money by raising oranges, as there is where tbey get tbo fine early fruit tbat sells at high prioes and has never been injured by frost. Some people in tbe orange sections are budding seedling and even lemon trees to grape fruit. Now ia the time to oonvert tu unprofitable seedling orohard to tbe popular grape fruit They will bear fruit earlier than one-year-old buds. Heretofore everything exoept one part ot tbe bogs and steers slaughtered at the Cbioago stockyards bas been utilized. A use has now been discov ered for tbis one part, and it will hereafter be turned into soap by a re cently organised factory on the largest scale in the country. MINING ISJOOMING. New Deals are Reported From All Parts of California. STATE MINERALOGIST REPORTS. Mew linos Openes-Tbe larphy's Fine Johnson's lining Bill General lining Notes. It is expected tbat tbe owners of tbe Iron Rock mine at Carson Bill will put up a AO-stamp mill tbis summer. Tbe Lone Jack gold mine in tbe little Tabunja canyon, Los Angeles oounty, has been sold and a 60-stainp mill is to be put in at once. Tbe Thorpe mine, in Calaveras oounty, bas suspended operations temporarily, pending tbe repair of tbe boilers, which are burned out. A 20-stamp mill ia being run on the Grand Viotory mine, of El Dorado county, tbe capacity of which will be increased to 60 stamps within three weeka Six miles of channel ia owned by the Enreka company, of Placer county, and tbe tunnel is in over 600 feet. When the gravel is reached, some 350 men will be employed? ' A 6-stamp mill is being put up at Cherry creek, Siskiyou oounty, where tbere are a number cf good paying ledges now being prospected by min ers, witb indications of developing good paying properties. The Geneva Mining and Milling Company, which bas been operating in tbe East end of San Diego valley, will, aa soon as tbe proposition justi fies, put a large force of men to work and put in a 40-stamp mill. Tbe San Diego Sun says: Unusual activity is going on witb tbe mining industry in Lower California, and never before bas capital been sc avail able for investment in tbe mining pro perties of tbat localiy as at present Grading ia going on at the Espranza mine of Calaveras county, preparatory to adding 20 atamps to tbe mill and erecting larger hoisting works. Twenty stamps more are to be added to the mill on the Roanoke mine, situated in the same oounty. A miner who has been prospecting in the vioinity of Grass Valley for some time past, discovered a quarts pocket at a lime kiln eleven miles south of town, from which be bas taken $9,000 in gold. Tbe pocket is one of tbe riobest ever found in the State. According to the reports from Mur phy's tbe recent find in Ponte's pas ture, Calaveras oounty, is proving something more than an ordinary pocket A man wbo was on the ground says be saw more gold than he ever saw before in its virgin Btate. Be was shown several tomato cans full of glit tering specimens. A specimen of gravel taken from' the Banner mine near El Dorado was liter ally filled witb pieces of gold ranging a'l tbe way from tbe size of a pin bead to tbe bigness of tbe bead of a lead pencil. Mr. Sbepard, the superintend ent says tbis is not an isolated pieoe but there is plenty more of tbe same kind of gravel where it came from. Roger Johnson has brought suit against N. D. Rideout to recover $75, 000 with legal interest from October 23, 1894. Tbe suit is a sequel to tbe sale of the Magolia mine in Butte county. Johnson claima to have owned a 10 per cent interest in tbe property. Tbe sale was to the Mago lia Mining Company, a corporation, the consideration being 10,000 shares of stock said to be worth $100 a share. The owners of tbe Rosebud miBe, El Dorado oounty, intend to supplant the arastra on tbe property with a mill in the near future. Surface work will be oommenoed at once at the Lady Emma mine, same county, to secure tbe gravel gold, and a double compart ment shaft will be started on tbe ledge. A pipe line 20) feet long will be placed to Bluioe tbe surfaoe while tbe shaft work is going on. State Mineralogist J. J. Crawford has completed the compilation ot the total mineral product of California for tbe year 1895. It waa prepared by Charlea G. Yale, statistician, from direct returns by producers. Tbe total valuation ot tbe mineral substanoes produoed in California last year was $22,844,664.29, as compared with $20,203,294.44 in 1894, an increase of $2,641,369.85 for tbe year. Of tbis inorease $1,411,036.80 was in gold and $302,458.15 in silver. Tbe pre cious metals, therefore, are accounta ble for $1,716,493.95 ot the total in crease named. The La Fortuna mine, situated in tbe Colorado river oountry, is now be ing equipped with a twenty-stamp mill. The works will be supplied with water from a 800-foot well, the water ' to be piped sixteeen miles at an ex pense of $60,000. Nearly 100 men are employed. At 200 feet there ia a six foot lede yielding $150 to tbe ton. Tbe whole averages $76. The owners claim to have $3,000,000 worth of ore in sight and tbat $1,000,000 will be turned out monthly after the mill is running. Little work is being done in tbe neighborhood now, but tbe ship ment from La Foituna will probably cause a rush tbat way. Mining in California is booming and the good effects of it are nowhere more apparent than in Sonora, Tuolumne oounty, whioh was for years regarded as a town tbat bad outlived its impor tance, says tbe Stockton Independent. Besides one of tbe finest hotels in tbe oountry tbat town bas added to its buildings several fine residences and stores, and business, of all kinds is lively. All tbis comes from a better understanding of California's mineral wealth, and better knowledge of tbo science of mining which, having shown that the wealth ot tbe State is not half developed, bas caused tbe in vestment of more capital in the indus try. As tbe investments began to be remunerative more and still more money waa invested and now Califor nia mining property is in demand. What is.true of Sonora and its vioinity is equally true of other mining re gions, tbe towns within them and the industries tbey tnpport