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PIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
T. J. 06BOK5S, kUjraeaa. FIOOHf, IIRHU C9, aivu PACIFIC COAST NEWS. Important Information from All Over the Coast. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED. Budget of Miscellaneous Jottings Briefly and CurUy Told In thlf Column. Ranchers in the Fraser River Valley are talking of leaving their farm. The Epworth League of Sonoma oounty had a good rally at Occidental. A large number of student havo applied for admission to Stanford Uni versity. Judge Dorn has decided that the Salinas Common Council is entitled to bold office. Sacramento's Grand Jury is to in vestigate the recent bridge deal made by the supervisors of that city. An unusually Urge proportion of the new class at the State university aro taking the mining college course. Taooma'a financial affairs are such that there is a strong possibility of their goinf into the hands of a receiver. Salinas will probably secure the laregst beet sugar refinery in the world, as the necessary 2200 acres have been pledged. Labor Commissioner Fitgerald of San Franoisoo recommends that the Board of Health order a general clean up of the grading camps. Two men held an egg-eating con test in 8an Franoisoo. Brownley nte 60 and quit. Miller took in 00 and won the $5 in 00 minutes. Mrs. Knox Hill, of Fresno, distin guished herself at Santa Cruz by sav ' ing H. W. Pastelwhatie of Los Uatos, who was drowning in the surf. The San Franoisoo Floating C. E. society has formed a brunch on the war ship Oregon, and will have an other on the gunboat Bennington. In many vineyards in Fresno the Chinese laborers have been supple mented by Japanese. The latter are qnioker workers and demand less pay. Char I'M Lake, a rider in the Examiner-Journal relay race, fell from his wheel between Verdi and Reno and was nnoonsoious about eight minutes. The First Infantry, U. S. A., had seven squads out at Santa Cruz on various oounty roads in order to as certain approaches to Santa Cruz and make camps of same. The representatives of the Santa Ynez Valley Union High School have elected Professor W. S. Edwards of Lompoo prinaipal. The school will be located at Santa Ynez. The State Bohool census of Oregon which has lust been completed by Superintendent Irwin at Salem, shows that there are in Oregon at present 129,623 children of school age. San Jose dairymen in replaoing the slaughtered tuberculosis by oows, use the utmost caution, causing the ani mals to be tested for tuberoulosis by their own agents before buying and again tested by the inspector after ar rival upon their ranches. There is a typhoid fever epidemic at the County Jail in Los Angeles, five persona being stricken down by the dread disease. Jailer Kennedy's daughter, the matron and three prison ers are the viotims. Defective plumb ing is said to have induced the illness. The Rev. Father Altmioks died last week at the age of 67 years, at the Los Angeles house of the Franciscan fath ers. After the tragioal murder of Father Ferdinand by Borgmeyer of the Santa Barbara Mission last February, Father Servatiuus received the tem porary appointment of Father Bernar din. Fulton Shephard, a 17-year-old lad of Oakland, who goes on crutches, is the first one to receive a medal for valor from the Society for the Preven tion of Cruelty to Children. He not only jumped in and rescued a 12-year-old boy from drowning but worked an hour in resuscitating him. Hepburn & Terry of the Hotel Capi tola, at Capitola, have filed a petition of insolvency with the largest list of liabilities ever filed in the county, fheir liabilities are $20,675, with no assets. Creditors are located in Santa Cruz, Capitola, Sau Franoisoo, San Jose, Los Angeles and other places. The prospect for a big strike of petro leum near Livormore, has stirred up extraordinary exoitement, and many enthusiastic townspeople are heading for the oil fields. The district now engaging the attention of the towns people is in a direct line between the ooal fields of Mt. Diablo and Corral Hollow. The farmers of Fraser Valley, B. C, In convention have deoided to urge on both the Provincial and Dominion Gov ernmenta the necessity of permanent dykes and navigation improvement A delegation will interview the offi cials. If nothing is done by the Gov ernments all the farmers on low-lying ranohes will abandon them for taxes. The State Board of Health chemist has analyzed the ch jap pineapple and lemon jellies in the San Franoisoo market. He finds not a traoe of pine apple of lemon in them. Jellies made from decayed fruits are also in market. and he thinks marmalades and jams are adulterated. The city ia urged to establish a laboratory where all goods may be analyzed. Mayor William H. Carlson of San Diego, and Chief of Polioe J. W. Brenning, are at outs. The Mayor filed charges against the Chief, alleg ing in an affidavit that the Chief has teen guilty of insubordination, neglect of duty, incompetency and general in efficiency. Brenning asserts that it is a personal fight of the Mayor to oust him from office. To refute the statements of Eastern . papers that lands in the Southern Hates were cheaper and more produc tive than those in California, the State Board of Trade at Ban Frauoisco will prepare a reply and circulate it through out the East. To do this every oounty in the State is requested to fur nish the Boaid with Ktatistica of the prioe of their lands and the amount and character of their productions. The Stoneman Bouse, in Yosemite Valley, together with ita entire con tent, has been burned to the ground. Fortunately no one was injured, although there were a number of guests ia the house at the time. The hotel was erected during the administration of Governor Stoneman, and was the result of public disapproval of extor tionate practices of the private indi viduals who controlled the hotel privi leges through the "fanning" out methods then followed. As a band of 125 cattle was being driven across the county bridge over the Merced river, about twelve miles south of Turlock, the bridgo gave way and the greater number of the animals were dropped into the stream, falling a distance of aobut 100 feet. About a score of cattle had their legs brokeu and others were otherwise injured. A large number of them will have to be killed. A number are also thought to have been drowned. A section of the bridge was It ft standing in the middle and a dozen or so of the ani mals were left there. The aluminum air ship to be built at San Francisco on Dr. C. A. Smith's model will be cigar-shaped, 00 feet long, SO feet in diameter, with a bow 45 feet long, and a 15-foot projoctiou fiom the stern. Hydrogen gas is to give it buoyancy, and an 8 horse power electric engine will dive it. The aluminum wings can be operated like those of a bird. It will be able to lift over 6000 pounds, all told. In coming to land it is to drop an anchor, to be hauled safely down. Professor Wilkson disoussnd pruning of deciduous trees at the Farmers In stitute meeting in Sau Diego county. He Bald the short days and wet weather of winter made it too expensive to prune in winter, as formerly. Now the work should be done early and be over by November 15th. Pruners had better go slow if the trees are summer irrigated and vigorously growing, but if the leaves have turned it is safe. One prune-grower gets better fruit by allowing only a few limbs and letting them grow long, but local conditions may affect this practice. A large piece of aluminum has been found at Burke's Sanitarium at Al truria, Sonoma county. It was found in the cinders of the furnace of the sanitarium, and had evidently been put into the furnace when the coal was shoveled into the heater. The pieoe found is about two inches in diameter, and no doubt came from tho ooal mine which is being worked there. Considerable importance is attached to the find, many think. TELEGRAPHIC RESUME Things That Have Happened all Over the Country. SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. Selections That Will Greatl Interest our Beadora Beth 014 and yours. It ia announced that arrangements have been perfected for William J. Bryan to address the labor, assemblies of Chicago on Labor day, September 7 th. The Canadian'yachf Canada defeated the challenge Venedor and won the In ternational race at Toledo recently. The defender won by 23 seconds, time allowance. The body of Bill Doolin, outlaw and highwayman, on whose head were Gov ernment rewards aggregating ffi,000, lies in a rough casket at Rhodes' estab lishment in Guthrie, O. T. The Liiitliicum Carriage Company, of Defiance, O. , incorporated with a capital stock of $J 00,000, and one of the largest carriage manufactories in Northwestern Ohio, has failed. The President has appointed Levi T. Griffin of Detroit pension agent at Detroit, vice Harrison H. Wheeler, deceased. Mr. Griffin was a member of the Fifty-third Congress and was at one time a partner of Don M. Dickinson. FOREIGN NEWS. Leopold Herz of New York, father of Dr. Cornell us Herz of Panama-canal fame, died at Bomeiuouth, where he was visiting his sou. Frederick Harrison, Grand Manager, and Robert Turnbull, General Superin tendent of the Loudon & Northwestern railway, are in America inspecting our railroad systems. EASTERN SHIPMENTS.! The Carbolic Acid Preservation Scheme Did Not Work. THE PROGRESS OF PHYLLOXERA. LATEST NEWS NOTES. The dryhouse at the Miama Powder Works, five miles north of Xenia, O. . blew up reoeutly, shaking the country for miles around, killing Frank Eich, the powder boss, and Silas Figging, the engineer. The Spanish Government having dropped the railway bill, the Liberals have agreed to stop all further opposi tion to the budget. The Chamber of Deputies, by a vote of 180 to 34, adopted bills providing for the farming out of the tobacco monopoly and for leasing the Alameda quick silver mines. The water rates fixed by the city of San Jacinto, under the new municipal water system, are as follows: For sin gle family and not more than two ani mals per month, $1; each additional animal, 15 cents; hotel or boarding house, $2; livery barn or stable, $3; store or offloe, 50 cents; lawns not ex ceeding in dimensions 450 feet by 50 feet, 25 cents; lawns exoeeding in di- menisons 60 feet by 50, 60 by 150 feet, 50 cents. Two immense oil tanks, each with a capacity of 199.000 gallons, have been placed in the west end of the Southern Pacific yards, at Los Angeles, and the task of filling the great con tainers has been begun. The oil is forced into these tanks by an air pres sure. Passenger switch engine No. 1,047 will be the first locomotive to take oil from the tanks, and all the other engines will shortly be turned into oil burners. FEDERATION OP RAILWAY MEN. Favored by Kepreaeiitatlvee of the Varl oui llrotherhooda. Indianapolis (Iud.) A meeting of the representatives of the different rail road brotherhoods was held in this city to consider the advisability of a federal tion among the brotherhoods. There were present at the meeting P. M. Arthur," grand ohief of the Brother hood of Looomotive Engineers; P. H. Morrissey, grand master of the Broth erhood of Railroad Trainmen; Frank P. Sargent, grand master of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen; E. E. Clark, chief conductor of the Order of Railroad Conductors; J. R. T. Austin, grand secretary and treas urer of the Order of Railway Tele graphers; C. W.L. Brown, deputy grand ohief of the same order, and other prominent men in railroad labor organ izations. The result of the meeting was the adoption of the resolution favoring federation. A Claah In Authority. London. A dispatch to theTele graph from Buluwayo says that it is reported that a serious disagreement hs occurred between Cooil Rhodes and General Martin, tho latter de manding the unconditional surrender of all of the Marabele. Memorial services over the late Baron Von Zedwitz, German diplomat, killed in a collision between his yacht Isolde and Emperor William's yacht Meteor, wag attended by representatives of the Queen, Prince of Wales and all the yacht clubs. Further details of the accident show the Isolde's bowsprit knocked a hole in the Britannia's main cabin. The Prince of Wales ordered his yacht retired for the re mainder of the season. It is believed the Meteor, Satinata and Ailas will not raoe this year. Acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs Smith has awarded the con tracts for erecting school buildings at the Rosebud and Pine Ridge ageuoies to Owen & Hill of Minneapolis, Minn , at 140.525 for Rosebud and 44,700 for Pine Ridge. The Civil Service Commission has issued an order to Federal office-holders Warning all employes against seek ing or making contributions for cam paign purposes. The order embraces all brandies of the government service, The violators will be prosecuted. The Western roads are falling out over the Grand Army business to St. Paul. There is not much cutting of the rate proper, but many of the roads are carrying department commanders and their staffs for nothing and issuing free transportation in other cases. It is reported that the town of On tonagon, Mich., has been totally de stroyed by the advancing forest fires, which have surrounded the village. The loss amounts to $1,600,000 and it is feared that several lives have been sacrificed. The town had a population of 2000. Near Guthrie, Okl., stage robbers shot a woman because she would not give up her jewels when so ordered. Four masked men held up the stage and seemed $800. The woman who was shot was known to her fellow pas sengers as Mrs. Raymond Reomes of Philadelphia. The stage-conch between Grande and Araphoe, in Day county, was held up by four highwaymen recently and the four occupants ordered to stand and deliver. Mrs. Amy Childs of Phila delphia refused to alight and was shot dead. The robbers secured over $300 in booty from the three other passen gers and escaped. Miss Gertrude Vanderbilt, daughter of Cornelius Vanderbilt, and Harry Payne Whitney, son of William C. Whitney, were married August 25th at Newport, R. I. The father of the groom presentea tne couple witn sev eral hundred acres of land, at one of the principal summer resorts of Massa chusetts, on wbioh ) he will erect a handsome summer residence. The Bank of Weyniore, Beatrice, Neb. , has olosed its doors. No state ment of assets or liabilities is obtain able. It was one of the depositories for Gage oounty. Six thousand dollars are on deposit, amply protected by $80,000 in bonds. No run was made on the bank, the Directors deeming it advisable to close on acconnt of the slow collections and inability to renew loans. The old house at West Brownsville, Pa., in which James G. Blaine was born and spent his boyhood, has been torn down. It was destroyed beoause for many years it had been going to ruin. While the old building was in oonrse of destruction the villagers pos sessed themselves of mementoes in the shape of wood, nails and pieces of stone. Many of the old nails were converted into rings, which adorn the fingers of the residents. Captain Burnside aud twenty-two of the crew of the British tramp steamer Moldava were picked up at sea in three open boats by the Anchor Line steamer Cicrassia, which arrived at New York from Glasgow recently. The Moldava struck an iceberg in a fog, and sank, giving the crew barely time to pro vision the lifeboats and lower them. All hands were saved. The Moldava, which had a cargo of coal, was owned by the Mercantile Shipping Company of London. A Cleveland dispatch says Judge Stone has denied the petition of the striking Brown Hoisting Company's employes for an injunction to compel the company to reinstate the old men as agreed. The court decides the strikers have an adequate remedy at law in the aotion for damages for breaoh of contract. The court also refuses a mandatory order to compel the Brown Company to take its men back on the ground that the contract is too indefinite. News of the great success of the Uni versity of Pennsylvania expedition to Babalon has been received. The most notable result of the exoavations is that tho history of Babylon ia's people as recorded in oune form writing on tables is carried back at least 2,250 years further than yet known. There is now abundant written evidence that the Babylonia people ex isted and were civilized enough to be able to write at least 7000 years before Christ. It is reported that Dr. Nansen in tend to conduct an expedition to the Autractic ocean in search of the South Pole before returning to the Arctic regions. A dispatch from Hamburg to the Central News says that the German traim-Altuntio steamship companies will reduce their steerage rates to 150 marks beginning in September. The British are preparing to deal the Mahdists in Egypt a crushing blow. A Belgian expedition passing through Congo is prepared to co-operate. If the British forces be successful it will be necessary to station British troops in the Soudan, and England's occupation of Egypt will be prolonged indefinitely. The Hamburg Correspondent, a semi official organ, demands that energetic steps be at once taken to protect Ger man interests in Samoa against the encroachments of "American adven turers." The paper asserts that Amer icans are seizing the trade in Samoa, ignoring international arrangements entirely. Major-General Cameron, command ant of the Royal Military College at Kingston, has resigned. Many com plaints have been made of the manner in which the affairs of the college have been conducted, and General Cameron, who is a son-in-law of Sir Charles Tupper, lias frequently been the subject of severe criticism in the Dominion Parliament. It has always been understood that a change of Gov ernment in Canada would mean the general's resignation. The Rcichsanzieger says it is author ized to announce that Emperor William desires a bill to be drawn up and sub mitted to the Bundersath during the coming autumn based on the liens of the statement which Prince von Hoheulohe, the Imperial Chancellor, made in the Reichstag on May 18th last relative to reform in criminal pro ceedure of the army. This concession on the part of the Emperor may do much to end the ministerial crisis. Owing to the strike of Dunsniuir and Jackson's engineers the master shipbuilders threaten the men with a general lockout, unless they return within a week. The Belfast master shipbuilders indorse the proposed lockout, which affects all the engineers employed on the Clyde at Belfast and on tho northeast coast, including 19, 000 of the Armstrong Company's men. After a stormy and troubled day in Barcelona, during which many minor conflicts between the police and the populace occurred, tho troops designed to re-enforce the Spanish arms in Cuba embarked on board Hie boats in the harbor. The police finally succeeded in destroying the placards which had been posted calling upon the people and soldiers to revolt. The rebel stronghold in the moun tainous distriot of Cuenca has fallen, practically putting an end to the revo lution in Ecuador against Alfaro, headed by Vega and Penly, supported with money, men and arms by the clergy. This news has just been re ceived from Guayaquil, where enthus iasm over Alfaro's victory was un bounded. Tho Sultan of Zanzibar, Hamod ben Thwain Ben Said, is dead. He suc ceeded to the Sultanate on the death of Sultan Ali on March 5th, 1893. Said Kalif has ocoupied the palace, taking possession of that building immediate ly after the death of Hamed Ben Thwain Said became known. He pro claimed himself Sultan and barricaded himself in the palace with 700 armed Askarig. A dispatch from Athens says that the most sorions fight which is recorded in Crete up to the present time occurred when the Christians in the mountains organized a strong expedition against the villages in the Heraklio district. A thousand well-armed Turks left Heraklion to protect their property. In the pitohed battle which followed the Turks were defeated, losing eighty killed and forty-seven wonded. The losses of the Christians were smaller. The Cretans captured an enormous booty, hundreds of rilles and thousands of sheep falling into their possession. The British ships at Zanzibar have bombarded the palace, and have made Said Khalid, the usurping Sultan, a prisoner. Roar Admiral Harry H. Rawson, commanding the British Cape and West African squadron, upon arriv ing at Zanzibar with his flag ship, the first-class cruiser St. George, accom panied by the torpedo cruiser Raccoon, landed 250 marines in addition to the force of sailors and marines landed by the British war vessels Phylomel, Thrush and Sparrow. Admiral Raw son bad instructions to act under the orders of the British Consul. In the evening the Consul sent an ultimatum to Said Khalid informing him that unless he struck his flag and made a complete surrender by 9 o'clock the next morning the palace would be bombarded. All the British residents of the town were requested to go on board the warships lying in the harbor by 8 o'clock in the morning. The foroe under the control of Said Khalid numbered 2500, all well srmed. Said Khalid disregarded the ultimatum. He had not lowered his flag nor made any signs of surrender at 9 o'clock, and at that - hour the bombardment began. A force of British sailors and marines was lauded. The palace was captured and Said Khalid made prison er. The prisoner will, it is said, be taken to India. Pro. Hayne on Reslitante Bhtzobll In San Bernardino Value of Thor oughbred Stock Other Point!. Many experiments in shipping fruit long distances have been tried and some have proved quite satisfactory to the projectors, while others have been an entire failure, says the Marsyville Democrat. Recently there has been an interesting, costly and novel under taking in the shipment of California fruit to Eastern markets, which came to an abrupt ending when Porter , Brothers opened and unloaded at their j auction rooms in Chicago a carload of peaches, pears and plums consigned to them fioin Santa Cruz, by A. H. Block. The entire contents of the car were spoiled. The peaches and plums were cooked, and the pears were in bad order and almost flavorless. Tho experiment in transportation which ended hopelessly was at least unique. The interior of the car had been lined with zino, and was practi cally an air-tight box. After the fruit bad been loaded on board, the car was charged with carbolic acid gas and started on its four days' journey east ward. The theory was that the gas would take the place of ice, but it did not operate as expected. Fruit shipped a long distance must have plenty of air such as is furnished by refrigerator cars which are considered the best. such a condition that the poor ducks almost starve amid plenty. In six months they are sent to market. If not big enough or fat enough they are surely old enough. If the right breed of ducks are raised and fed on the proper food, the profits over broilers nd chicks would compare like this: A short time ago I 6old young Pekin docks in this market at 15 cents per pound, live weight. They were nine weeks old, and weighed about nine pounds to the pair, bringing 67, cents each. The feed bills show a cost of about 3 cents per pound of ducks to bring them to this condition. I also sold broilers at the same time weigh ing nineteen pounds per dozen at 16 cents per pound, the chicks being just the age of the ducks nins weeks. One duck weighed as much as 3 chicks and sold for 2 cents more per pound. Of course the chicks consume less food, but the mortality is greater, and the labor in keeping ahead of lice, vermin and disease among them is much greater. If there is any other fowl or animal raised on the farm that will take on the same amount of flesh on the same quantity of food in the same time I have failed to find it. Riparia In Napa. Professor George Hussmau of Napa, in writing to the California Fruit Grower, recently said: "Professor Hayne, instructor of the college of agriculture at the State University, has returned from a tour of inspection in the upper part of Napa valley. His object, he states, was to determine if the so-called 'Riparia disease' was the Anaheim disease, and second, to note the progress of the selected resistant vines, which the university imported for distribution last spring, samples of which were sent to a few typical local ities for trial, before the general dis tribution, whioh is to take place in the spring of 1897. ' He says the phyllox era has made steady progress, and many eo-es will not bear this year, from wh eh a good crop was expected. Even replanted vines will prove disappoint ing. Professor Hayne has established the fact that the Riparia disease is not the Anaheim disease, and has also confirmed his opinion as to the value of the resistant varieties he imported Ilon't Shake Prune Treee "The time is fast approaching, says the Watsonville Pajarouian, when our friends, the prune growers, so anxious to test the law of gravitation, will rush at their trees, and, with neither sense nor reason, shake fifty cents from them, while, had they one or two weeks more patience, one dollar would drop of its own accord. If not liter ally so, the point is at least worth con sidering. All almost all will agree with me, and yet hardly one will prac tice it. it Is an accepted axiom in prune culture that the fruit must be fully ripe before it is cured. Shake the trees, however gently, and you cannot prevent the unripe prunes from falling. The sheet arrangements, or any other device for encouraging this "shaking" is a curse to the industry. It is sui cidal, this scrambling haste to get the MIXING INTERESTS. Wide Field for the Cyanide cess in California. Pro- SALE OF THE LAST CHANCE MINE. Work Continues Active In Amador Miners or Butt Will Meet Saon Hica Strike In Kandsburg. prunes dried in the cheapest way, and ' first to market. French treatises have been translated and published from time to time, urging upon this as the most essential part in the business to let the prune hang on the tree until it is fplly ripe, when it will drop naturally. The Last Chance placer mine, located near Callahans, Siskiyou county, was recently sold for $30,000. Mining in Amador county continues as active as ever with nearly all mines making extensive improvements. The owners of the Richmond mine of Amador county intend putting in a forty-stamp mill. They will also put up a large water power hoist. Bright reports continue to come in from Placer county's mines, showing that energetic work there, as well as elsewhere, continues as active as ever. The Bunker Hill and Niagara gold gravel mines, of Plumas county, have been sold to an Eastern syndicate. The purchase price is said to be $100, 000. The Providence mine, situated near Nevada City, Nevada county, was re cently burnt. The loss was in the neighborhood of $7000. The contract to rebuild the works has been let. The salt industry of Utah is growing rapidly. Five years ago not over twenty carloads of refined, or as com monly called, commercial, salt was sold annually to outside points by Utah men. Now the business is about 1500 cars of refined salt annually. There are now fully 2000 miners at work in Amador oounty. This is a good many for a small county like Amador. There is more inquiry, too, for claims than for years. Any amount The California Italaln Aesoolation. "The objection of the oo-operative raisin associations to becoming mem bers of the California Raisin Associa tion, says the Red Bluff Sentinel, seems to lie in the belief that as the comniission'packers will have a control ling power in the association, its influ ence is certain to be used to encourage growers to plaoe their goods with pri. vate packers and dissuade them from becoming members of the co-opera tive societies. The promoters of the from abroad, and known as the Riparia 1 raisin association would doubtless deny gloinde montpellier and Riparia j that this would be the case, and would graurie glaure. These are now grow ing in the vineyard of H. W. Crabb, the veteran scientifio viticulturist of Napa, and also at the vinery of John Swett at Martinez. All doubters are requsjed to pay a visit to one or the other of these vineyards and satisfy themselves as to their vigor, size, etc." Ruapected of Filibustering. Brunswiok (Ga.) The tug Dauntless supposed to have been on a filibuster ing expedition, has returned to port and is detained at quarantine under orders from the Treasury Department on sus picion that Hhe baa been in Cuban waters. It is statea that Michael and JohnC. Cudahy, the well-known millionaire packers of Chicago have bought the entire plant of the Northern Indiana Oil Company in Adams and Wells counties, Indiana, and intend building a pipe line from the wells into that city. It is said they have already ordered 170 miles of six inch pipe and that work will be started on the line as soon aa possible. It is understood that the investment outside of the pur chase price of the wells involves about $1,500,000. Arliona Canaigre. Comparatively little has been heard in Southern California recently about canaigre, says the San Diego Union. The subject, however, has not lost in terest in Arizona, and a bulletin which has just been issued by the agricul tural experimental station of the terri torial university, located at Tucson, gives some new and interesting facts in regard to this plant, whose culture promises to develop so important an industry. The bulletin declares that the agricultural future of canaigre in the southwest is favored by the fact that it grows in winter, when water is more abundant throughout the arid region. This may render possible the reclamation of large tracts of land for which there is not sufficient irrigation in summer. Another advantage is that in case of extreme drought the crop is not lost, but the plant simply stops growth and waits for better conditions. The bulletin also says that harvesting may ocour at any time, the mature crop remaining in the ground indefi nitely without injury, and even with a certain amount of improvement. And it adds "As to the value of the pro duct, it appears that under existing conditions the objective point is a crop which can be sold at from $5 to $7 a ton." This is probably the most concise and explicit statement that has yet been given as to the advantages of oanigre. Under the circumstances it is not strange that the people of Ari zona are devoting much attention to this plant. It is remarkable, however, that here in California where it even grows wild, comparatively little has been done toward turning it to profit able account. Mure Khlzobll. Horticultural Commissioner Pease of San Bernardino has received another batch of rhizobii from Ventura, but only 8000 instead of 5000 are now being received bi-monthly. At the opening of the deal for the bugs the furnisher was to receive one cent apiece for the beetles, but the man thinking, perhaps, that his bugs were thoroughbreds, and that he might as well make a little more money, raised the prioe to a cent and a half. The fellow reckoned without his host, however, for Mr. Pease immediately reduced ins order from 10,000 per mouth to (000 and the man is receiv ing but $90 where formerly he .ob tained $100. Mr. Pease thinks a few less will answer all purposes and the 3000 received the other day have been distributed among the ten orchards formerly selected. The commission ordered an examina tion of the trees colonized, together with those in the immediate vicinity, before the arrival of this last batch and the result was very satisfactory, show ing that the little bugs were alive and at work. The colonies are becoming permanently established and not a few larva were in evidence. not intend that it should be so, but the co-operative societies evidently do not believe that it could be prevented. They therefore refuse to sink their identity in the new association but promise to adhere to the price agreed upon." Keep Good Stock. There is no safer investment for the intelligent and observant farmer than the judicious selection and purchase cf thoroughbreds, to start or to improve his stock. There is no manner of in vesting a small sum that will give such certain and satisfactory returns as by the purchase of a young grade sow with pig by a thoroughbred boar, or starting of a herd of swine by secur ing a pair of selected thoroughbred pigs backed by a first-class pedigree. For any one that understands hogs and their proper manipulation into pork products, there is sure money. Thoroughbred stock of any kind kept clean and healthy, and pushed from the start not only pays for every dollar in preparing for the market, but gives genuine satisfaction to the owner. Scrub stock, neglected if not despised, hardly pays for the ground it cumbers. No one takes any pride in it. Take Care of Your Ducks. Duck raising is something that ninety-nine out of every ono hundred farmers know little about, says a con tributor in the Rural Press. Many of them have a few common puddle ducks that ekej out a scant living on what they 'can pick up out of the feed thrown to the chickens, which, while it may be abundant, ia of such a kind and in Value of Kealatanta. The professors at the State Univer sity and the wine growers disagree on the question of resistants. The variety used by the wine growers is considered inferior by Professor Hayne, who says: "The variety of resistants now most popular ia this State," are vastly in ferior to those used at the present time in Europe. We have had great diffi culty in convincing vineyardists of this, although during the last year $500,000 has been lost to them for this reason. "The resistant stock we object to is identical with that used twenty-five years ago in Europe, and California is consequently twenty-five years behind tho times. The main difference be tween the two varieties, outside of length in bearing, is strongth and vigor. The good resistant we advo cate is about twice the size of the re sistants which have been so largely imported into California; and, further more, it can be used the first year, while the other rqeuires three years of growth." As a convincing argument for the change. Professor Hayne has had the two varieties photographed and will display them in various wine sections. Tobacco Culture. The Cajon valley has a new enter prise that is assuming proportions of some magnitude, says the San Diego Sun. Messrs. Johnson- & Halstead have just completed a large curing house on their tobacco ranch on the east side of the valley. They have about fifteen acres under cultivation and are just finishing the setting out of the plants. The first planting is now ready to out. The curing house is 30x120 feet and 15 feet high, and is covered with raw material used in the palmy raisin days of El Cajon "as raisin trays. The growing and curing is under the supervision of Mr. Hal stead, who is an expert in his line. A special from Constantinople says the correspondent has strong reasons to believe that the Sultan intends sending a special commission to Sofia to nego tiate with Prince Ferdinand for the amount of tribute to be paid by Bul garia, according to article B of the Berlin treaty. Seventeen years' arrears are due. The Porte has received news that 12,000 riefls have been landed in Crete, as well as a number of Greek officers, among whom is the aide-de-camp of the Duke of Sparta. of prospecting is going on. Many small properties are being worked, aud ' the mines are in a general way open ing out well. The Exploration Com pany of London is doing a good deal of work. One of the richest strikes in quartz ever made in Trinity county has been unearthed in the Vinioia mine, in Eastman's district, near Lewiston. The ledge is four feet in width and gold is plainly visible all through the ledge. lu fact, the rock is literally sprinkled with the precious metal. It is impossible to estimate how much the rock will yield per ton, but guesses are made that it will go into the hun dreds of dollars. The Quartz Hill mine, in Siskiyou county, bids fair to become one of tho greatest gold producers in the world. The latest examinations of this proper ty and the development work under way has had the result of making the owners feel satisfied that after the erection of a large plant the output can best be calculated by the capacity of the mill. The quantity of gold quartz containing sulphurets is so ex tensive that experts rely on a steady yield for a hundred years to come. The Butte County Miners' Associa tion will meet in the first week in Sep tember for the purpose of reorganizing. The purpose of this is to allow the association to conform to the new con stitution and by-laws of the California Miners' Association. Julian Sonutag, of the latter body, will assist the Butte miners in reorganizing. From all ac counts there is a general revival of in terest in mining matters in Butte oounty and the association desires to send a large delegation to the Califor nia Miners' Association Convention, which will be held on November 10. Another exceedingly rich strike is reported from the Rand distriot and has occasioned a rush of prospectors to the Bcene of the find. The mine is about six miles south of Randsburg and in the county of Sau Bernardino. An assay of surface ore showed $1110 a ton and this is an average. The prospect is considered by old miners to be far richer than the celebrated Bur cham mine. This direction from Rand burg has been but little propected, as it was supposed the lead ran in the opposite direction. A wide field for the cyanide process is opened up by its successful applica tion to mill tailings. Everywhere throughout the West, where gold mills have been operated, there are old dumps, containing millions of dollars, but of such low grade that they have been regarded as of little value to the owners. In the early days of gold milling there was not to close a sav ing of values as modern machinery and methods have made possible, and a considerable percentage of the prec ious metal escaped. Even with the superior mechanical appliances of the present day, theie is considerable loss, varying from 15 to 40 per cent, accord ing to the character of the ore and the state in whioh the gold occurs. Any method that will profitably extract the values from these tailings will therefore supply an unexpected source of wealth, and the cyanide process is coming into extensive use as an auxil iary to copper plate amalgamation, as well as in the treatment of old dumps. Two new points in mining law in this State have been laid down by the Supreme Court. The first ques tion, concerning which there has been much doubt, was whether title to min ing ground could b founded wholely upon "working and holding," or, as it is termed in this State, without a formal location. The Court held that title could be so acquired, thus answer ing that question judicially for the first time in this State. The second point was as to what constituted labor upon a mining claim in order to comply with the law. This, according to the Supreme Court.may consist of tho ordi nary work of development, or, if the mine be idle, it may consist of the ser vices of a watchman in looking after and taking care of the property. In the latter case, however, there must be something on the land in the nature of buildings, ditches or such other im provements as to necessitate the ser vices of a watchman. State Highway Commissioner Maude after inspecting the auditor's books in thirty-five counties, says that the best kept are those of Auditor Clancy ot Riverside.