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PIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
T. J. OflBOtXI. aUAsa. PIOORE, VKKM CI, PACIFIC COAST NEWS. ImporUnt Information from All Over the Coast. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED Budget of Hlieellaneous and Curtly Told in m Column. Brlafly Santa club. The Azusa-Duarte graveled this winter. Electric caw have horse cars in Santa Barbara. tr. i exnected that the Los Angeles county election will cost $23,000. . V",T"r ' Blt of MouI,t Pleasant, Alien., has uium,u iu aurH. The old Detroit Free Press building j St ill Detroit has been badly damaged by fire. Mineral water from the Arrowhead Springs is being shipped to Los An geles. The Supervisors are enforcing a gen eral cleaning up of grounds and street at Chino. McPhersson Station, Orange county, now has a packing-house for fruits and vegetables. The abandoned Fort Lowell property is to be offered at public sale on No vember 8th. $ 240,000. They will begin boring for oil at once on the West Side. There was an incipient strike among the white hands at the Patterson! prune orchard northeart of Visalia a j few days ago. The cause was the j ! importation of several Chinese and their installation in position previous ly occupied by white girls. At San Jose a lineman named Ed ward Snltzman is smug the Sunset j Telephone & Telegraph company for ; 150,000 damages and $1000 as a fee; for medical attendance. He was knocked from a pole in May by an electric shock and injured for life. The mouth's reprieve of the two condemned Camming brothers for murdering Mr. Narraniore, near River side, is to allow further investigation ! of new testimony. The. elder brother j has hope of saving the younger's neck, by showing that he had no nana in me actual murder. William Stretheru's food and water gave out as ho was prospecting on the Mojave desert, and in his extremities displaced the old ' f(jJ. ft rBttk.wmke( that ! hn mitfht be bitten by it and tnerepy TELEGRAPHIC Things That Have Happened all Over the Country. SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. Selections That WllllGroally Intcrait our Raadari Both Old and Young. FOREIGN NEWS. OUR PRUNE INDUSTRY. William Vernon Harcourt, the Liberal leader in the House of Com mons in London, in a recent speech at t The Ebbvale. a iked the Government to grant security and protection to the Armenians, and he also said that the Turkish Government could never be reformed until it ceased to exist. French System of Prune Drying Described. CALIFORNIA AND OREGON PRUNES. Jotting! Rosa has a women's euchre highway is to be meet a speedy death. As his ltegan to weaken lie pinueo a note w .4 Mint. yiun he was lost and seek ing ror water in tho direction of the Elmo, and tied the giuiueut to a stake. Two Bakersfield men found it and him, but the yell he gave on being aroused from a dying lethargy caused the rescuers to run away. Finally he was captured, and the uiuu, babbling of ice drinks and bouquets, was taken ot Mojave and restored A. H. Butler, the representative of President Soichiro Asano of the Japan ese Steamship Company, is expected to arrive form New York shortly, with a new proposition from Asano to the Chamlier of Commerce of San Diego and Los Angeles for running steamers from Yokohama to Sun Diego via Rev. S. G. Gale, the new presiding i Honolulu. The feature of the former older of the Methodist Episcopal dis- proposition which blocked negotia- trict of Napa, will make his home in Santa Rosa. The Vnllejo Times reached its twenty-fifth anniversary on September 30th last. A company has been organized at Pasadena to manufacture a book bind ing machine. The Stanford, Chapter" of the Phi Gamma Delta college fraternity, has deserted the order. The payments for the August delivery of beets at thej Chino fnctoiy amounted to $75,011.45. Geroge F. McConnell, Treasurer of the Oregon Knights of Pythias, has been indicted in Portland. The Portland Fire Department has been badly demoralized by the romoval of Chief David Campbell. Damages have been awarded Miss Emily House, an Oregon school teacher, for defamation of character. The Valley road will enable ranch era to send grain to tide water from valley points quicker than before. The Joseph Hume Packing Company of Alaska has packed 10,801 cases of salmon during the present season. The Supervisors of Mendocino county have fixed the tax rate at $1.80, 80 cents lower than last year's rate. San Diego oounty is demonstrating that tobacco of the very highest grade can be grown there with entire suc cess. The Banning Company has decided to make Catalina an all-the-year-round resort. Daily steamers will be run. The Southern Pacifio Company is erecting a large windmill pump at Lordsburg for the benefit of the station property. Montalvo is raising superior lemons. Twenty cars of beans, two cars of potatoes and one of dried fruit have been shipped. William Rowe. under arrest at Napa for killing Mrs. Greenwood, in 1801, confesses a periodical inclination to oomniit orime. Lonipoo does not expect its first train until April, ns bridges and via ducts go along with the grading, and these cannot be rushed. The steamship Umatilla is still on the shore near Port Towusend, and the chances are even that she can be pumped out and docked. The Board of Managers of the Sol diers' Home have issued orders that no more admissions to any of the branches be made until further instructions. The Mad river bridge which fell in with a train a few weeks ago, causing the death of eight persons, has been repaired, and trains are again running regularly. Owen Cox and Robert Leroux, the two Sonoma county boys who put a I coupling-pin on tho track to jolt a train, are repentant in jail, as waiting trial for felony. Work on the new bridge across Bear river on the line of the narrow-gauge, near Colfax, is being pushed ahead. A gang of about fifteen bridge men are now at work. Near' Santa Ana there are some 1000 Bores now producing Lima beans, but the outlook for prices is that growers will hardly cover expenses. Thresh ing is in progress. Walter E. Allen, of Chicago, has bought the Los Guilieos ranch, in Sonoma oounty, formerly owned by Jsaao de Turk. Mr. Allen is expected to take possession in October. W. A. Clark, the millionaire mine owner, Congressman and newspaper man of Montana, proposes to start at Anaheim, Cal., one of the largest beet sugar factories in the world. Juckr.ibbits are very numerous and destiuctive in Kings county. . In one oaao this pest cleaned up about two acres of corn, and also attacked pump kins and watermelous, doing great damage. Mrs. PbQDte Hearst and J. H. Meredith have been sued by William Hale, administrator of the estate of lira. E. W. Moody, for possession of a gore of land near the Presidio, Ban Francisco. . ' A. Showers of Visalia has been made president of a new oil company organized at Selma. Tho oapital stock of the company is tions was Asano's desire to make Han Francisco a port of call. It is under stood from intimations in a letter from Butler to Piesident Morse of tho San Diego Chamber of Commerce thut this demand will be eliminated from the nowjpropositlou, leaving the steamer line a purely Southern California affair. NEWS NOTES. A watch lost from a San Diego wharf iu forty feet of water whs successfully searched for by a diver. The Oceanside lxiard of trustees are alxiut to take steps to collect a bond for $13,000, given by Curran & Hussey, given to guarantee the construction of water works, which it is claimed is forfeited. A society of Americanized Chinese was formed in New York to encourage the introduction of modern methods into China. Hut the Chinese Consul told them that they were guilty of treason and that their relatives in China would be punished with death if they persisted, so they disbanded. The schooner Minna is fitting out for a trip to Guadalupe island, where five goat-killers have been at work for some months. Tho men havo killed 4,500 goats and huve the hides besides 2 '2' tons of tallow. The Minna will dispose of the tallow at Ensenada, und will bring the skins to San Diego. Captain Newton II. Chittenden, whose historical collections have en riched public institutions all along this j coast to Victoria has presented the Red ! lauds library with three very interest ing articles, viz., a lighting band shield and finely-braided grass mat from natives of South Sea Islands, and a bow and arrow from a wild tribe in the interior of Africa. The United States steamship Thetis, now iu San Diego Harbor, will make a very thorough survey of the coast of Lower California, securing soundings at half-mile and milo intervals from the shore out to the depth of 100 fathoms. These records will be charted and the charts issued by the government as soon as possible. Where.Bonudings are made, the charac ter of the soil or mud on tho ocean bottom will be indicated. The varia tions of the magnetic needle at various points will be secured and indicated on the chart, and also the dip of the needle. By this means mariners can kuow the variation of their compasses from the true pole, nud thus correct errors arising from differences between the true pole and tho magnetio pole. ONE EMBASSADOR FOR ALL. To ICepreaent American Ke- Central publics. New York. Tho World's Washing ton special says: The announcement from Tegucigalpa that the foreign affairs of Honduras will hereafter be conducted through the representative of the Central American Diet leads to the belief here that Guatemala and Costa Rica will join Honduras, Salva dor and Nicaragua in the alliance. This opinion is strengthened by the fact that Senor Arriaga, the Honduran Minister, is also the accredited repre sentative of Guatemala. Salvador was the first Central Amer ican republic to withdraw its represen tative from the United States, leaving affairs relating to this country to the good offices of some sister republican. Nicaragua followed this example by abolishing her embassy mid recalling Dr. Guzman, on the ground of econo my after being compelled to pay Brit ish claims after the seizure of Corinto. Costa Rica withdrew her Minister, leaving matters in care of a Charge d'Affaires, and now, that Honduras withdraws, Guatemala is the onlv Central American Republic loft witir a Minister at Washington. This action is accepted as indicating that Senor Arriago will be chosen to represent the Diet, and will hereafter transact all diplomatic business be tween the Central American countries and the United States. The chief ob ject of forming its alliance, it u said, is economy, saving the expense of four delegations in this city. A recent tornado injured several poeple near Ediuond, O. T. 1 Arthur Hewall has formally accepted the Democratic nomination. The American Board of Foreign Missions met in Toledo, O., recently. Yale football coaches are engaged all over the country to teach the gridiron sport. Half a dozen people were killed by a train wreck in Pennsylvania a few days ago. The American Bottlers' Association is holding their annual meeting in Chicago. Four persons were slightly injured in a rear-end train collision at Kansas City recently. The wife of State Senator Wiley of West Virginia committed suicide one day last week. The Tyler Car Company has failed in Texas for $250,000. The assets are not known. John Krober, a New York dealer in brass bedheads and bicycles, assigned the other day. Election brokers in New York have issued bulletins giving the odds on the Presidential candidates. William Bishop, a drunken sailor, fell 81 feet from the top of a Cincin nati bridge and escaped injury. The Salvation Army is preparing to establish a colony of Armenian refu gees in tho Western States. D. L. Price Company, New Y'ork, clothing manufacturers, has failed for $125,000, with 25,000 assets. A nine-year-old boy in Chicago was hypnotized and had his tonsil cut out. The operation was without puin. The first biennial convention of the International Union of Barbers has been convened at Evansville, Intl. A magnolia tree planted ut Mount Vernon by George Washington was almost destroyed by the recent storm. George Morrison, defaulting County Treasurer, at Troy, N Y., was com mitted to jail in defanlt of $200,000 bail. Denver's great annual Carnival of Mountain and Plain has opened. Eighty thousand visitors crowd the city. Columbus, v., lias been chosen as the place of meeting of the next national convention of German Catholic societies. Four trains were wrecked and rail road property to the extent of $50,000 damaged in the station at Argentine, Kan., recently. The silk factory owned by Alfred Streuli and otheie, located at Sterling, N. J., burned. Loss, $200,000; in surance, $150,000. Tho comedy, "A Superfluous Hus band," was produced for tho first time on any stage at MoVioker's, Chicago, recently, and made a hit. New York's wholesale grocers are still anxious over the course which the Sugar Turst will pursue respecting rebates on orders of sugar. The great Cambria Iron Works at Johnstown, Pa., have shut down for an indefinite period, and 3,000 men will be thrown out of work. Colonel R. Todhunter ,one of the oldest and wealthiest breeders of trot tiug horses in America, died in Lex ington, Ky., a few days ago. J. F. Watkins, local freight agent of the Chicago and Great Western Rail road, has been missing for five days and his friends believe he is dead. The proposed socialistic amendments to the constitution of the International Cigarmakers' Union has been defeated at Detroit by a vote of 7Sa to 1 37 a' Patrick J. Gleason, who Is and has for over fix years been Mayor of Long island City, has just decided that his narutalization was irregular and has again become a citizen. The famous debate between Lincoln and Douglas waa celebrated at Gales burg, 111., a few days ago, speeches being delivered by Chaunoey M. Depew and Robert T. Lincoln. The Spanish Minister bus appealed for protection for the Spanish Consuls at Brunswick, Ga. , and Jacksonville, Fla., whose lives have been threatened by Cuban sympathizers. Anthony Bover, an umbrella mend er, living the life of a hermit and re siding in a cave at Beaver Falls, Pa., has fallen heir to a fortune of $1,000, 000 through the death of a relative in France. Typhoid fever prevails to an alarm ing extent in the Illinois hospital lor the insane at Kankakee. Twenty-two inmates are now down with the dis ease. There are more thap 2,000 in mates in all. Cables, to New York from Paris say that iu the memory of man nothing can compare with the wleoome that was given by France to her ally, the Emperor of Russia. In numbers the crowd rivaled the great English de monstration at the marriage of the Duke of Y'ork three years ago, and that was the greatest assemblage of human beings in history. One is forced in the outset to refer to it in terms of paradox. Its gayety waa grim, its ardor was fierce, its hospitality was menacing. Advices from British Guiana say that Great Britain has broken the i promise to maintain a status quo pend ing negotiations regarding the Vene- zuelau agreement, in such a manner that a remonstrance from the United , States may possibly follow. The fran chise for a railroad has been granted through the disputed territory. A Loudon cablegram says that Henry Byron Reed, Conservative member cf Parliament for the eastern division of Bradford, a well-known lecturer and speaker on church and political sub jects, is dead, his death teing the result of a carriage accident. He was at one time chairman in the National Union of Conservative Unions. Injur? to California Fruits In Switzerland-Ill Effeetf of Shaking the Trees Other Interesting; Matter. we think within a fortnight hence quo tations will come to a settlement such as to allow firm offers on C & F terms. So far only ridiculous trifles have changed hands although at prices over paid in order to defend old remnants of '94 fruits. If we were to speak about opening prices, we must say that our packers are pretending the basis to more or less the parity of: 23 frs. C & F New York for the 4 35 36 frs. C & F New Y'ork for the 3 sorts 50-5 in x i cases. September ship- ' ment. Consumers of the useful prune that j The above are, of course, not posi simple fruit which takes the place of tive figures, and we, for business sake, richer preserves may not know how the French growers prepare the fruit for market, audwhat a process of the most primitive "kind it goes through before being packed lor exportation, says the Fruitman's Guide, as the prunes are harvested taken to a building called the fruitery, j where they remain a few days to com plete maturity. The fruit is then sub ! ject to not less than three, and fre ! nnentlv fonr. distinct cookines before l t - 1 The New Y'ork Herald's correspond- i being pronounced fit for the market, ent in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, tele- i Tho first two preliminary cookings should like to see them lower in price. As a matter of fact we must mention yet that small sizes, viz., 100-5 fruits, are scarce, and that likewise the 00-5 fruit are not abundant, and for this As soon i reason it easily might happen that bus- they are j iness in the 4 sorts 70-105 will not take the development we should de sire, and that the principal transac tions will be in oO-75 fruits. THE MINING INDUSTRY. Improvements Going on in the Mines. A NEW SMELTER FOR KESWICK. What the new Lane Management Is Do Ing French Capitalist to lovett In Callfon.la-Notei. graphs that there has been a run on the society known as the Cuida, Eeo nomica. The funds of the society are guaranteed by the government, but numerous persons withdrew their de posits. Coffee producers and exporters are greatly alarmed at the fall in prices in Europe. The retirement of Lord Roseberry from the Liberals, has occasioned quite a sensation in London political circles. The Star remarks: Lord Roseberry's fall was dramatic and tragic. The hand which raised him up pulled him down. One result of Lord Roseberry's reign is that it may be said that the Liberals will never again be led by a peer. A financial crisis is imminent in Chile. The Minister of Finance has conferred with the managers of the banks and heads of important busines houses to see what can be done to avert the commercial crisis, foreign bank managers declare that the only way to solve tlie crisis is for the Gov ernment to announce that it will miantain the gold conversion at all j risks. United States Minister Terrell has demanded aa indemnity from the Turkish Government, with very little prospect of success, however, for the looting of houses of missionaries in Hasskeuy, during the recent massacres in Constantinople. The Stars and Stripes were torn down and trampled on by the angry Turks. The situation in Constantinople is delicate, but it is thought that the worst is now over. Long accounts have been written of the cruelties" of the Spaniards in Cuba, but to no one has the idea yet occurred to write of the crimes committed by the Cubans. Lack of suitable prisons compel them to use the death penalty for all who transgress their orders. Spanish fanners and the families of local planters have been forced to move into the towns to escape the wrath of the Cubans. A Buda Posth cablegram says that in a speech from the throne at the close of the Diet, Emperor Francis Joseph, as King of Hungary, referrad with espeoial satisfaction to the Mil lenium and Iron Gates festivals, as well as to his subsequent visit to Roumama, saying: ' I assure you with satisfaction that we stand on the best and most friendly relations with all powers, and this seems to justify the hope that peaco will oontinue nn-1 disturbed." George Du Maurier, artist, novelist, and author, of "Trilby" is dead. The death occurred in London a few days ago. One of Du Manner's friends, who was present at the death bed, said: "He died almost as tragically as Svengali. At the zenith of Trilby's fame, Svengali became the victim of an affection of the heart. Du Maurier has gone the same way." He finished his new story, "The Martian." This was probably the last thing . he did. He received $50,000 for it. Colonel Prospero Cahuantzin, the Governor of the State of Tlaxicala, Mexico, is in serious trouble, as he is accused of violating laws of reform that were enacted in the time of Presi dent Juarez, a body of laws regulating the relations between the church and the State. The acousations state that the Governor recently attended in his oflicial capacity the funeral of the late Bishop Vargas of Fuebla, and allowed his body to be buried in the church. two distinct violations of the reform laws. have for object evaporation of water contained in the fruit; the final cook ing which dries the fruit imparts a cer tain brilliancy much sought by buyers. The sun-dried piuues are most deli cious to the taste, but the exigencies of the trade do not permit of such long preparation. In several districts of France the most primitive means are practiced in curing the fruit. In Provence it is plunged in pots of boiling water, then placed in baskets and gently shaken until cool, when it is put upon long trays exposed to the sun's heat to com plete the dessicration. At Digne the prunes are not gathered until ripe. Women feel the fruit with their nails to avoid injury to the soft pulp. The fruit is strung on small twigs in such a fashion as not to touch. These sticks of prunes are stuck into straw frames, which is suspended in the sun until the prune is easily detached from the stick, the pit is then removed and the same process or sun-drying is gone through with, and, when thoroughly dessicated, packed for market. The trays used in the rural districts are quaint affairs, varying in form, dimensions and consturction, according to locality. The peasants make them during the winter months and they are clumsy and cumbersome, and the only exouse is the peasants cannot afford to buy and are not skillful enough to make better ones. Perhaps some day a little Yankee skill may enter into this primitive construtiou, whicn is now a frame made of hoop, to which is fastened a wicket-like bottom, fash ioned from rushes and willow twigs. At least this is the method of prepar ing prunes in France. The California fruit growers may have a better one. Orled Frulta in the Kant. The lack of interest in California dried fruits is attributed partly to the unsettled . condition of politics and finances, which induces buyers to go slow in making obligations which they think it may be difficult to meet later on, says the N. Y. Commercial Bulle tin; but the chief reason for the hesi tancy in placing orders for California goods is said to be based on the unsatis factory results to tastern buyers n consuming markets with stocks it comparatively high figures; and then consigning the balance of the crop it comparatively low limits, any buyer of good credit who would accept cro 8ignmeuts; is said to have had a mst demoralizing effect upon the trade. And in spite of the fact that the ship pers on the Coast are reported to have deterimned this year to do away; with what they as well as the Eastern handlers of California fruits ooisider to be an evil that threatens to irrepara bly injure the interests of shippers and Eastern commission men alike; some of the growers, it is claimed, hare put personal interests before those for the general good of the trade, and have again resorted to the practices which have demoralized the Pacific coast dried fruit business in past seasons. H. W. Ryder, one of the largest merchants of Phamix, the other day made an assignment to A. F. Messen- placed at j ger for the benefit of hia creditors. As a result of having eaten tainted fish twenty-five students of the Con cordia college Milwaukee, were made dangerously ill. Irof. M. J. L. Al breoht is iu a precarious condition, and his recovery is considered doubtful. Four members of Prof. Albrecht's family are also ill. The purchaser of tho big new sugar refinery at Camden, N. J., ia said to be J. B. Hawley of Galveston, owner of large refinery at New Siberia, La. The New Orleans syndicate will operate the refinery independently of the Sugar Trust. Overland advices from Mazatlan re ceived in Guadalaajra, state that the damage wrought by the recent floods in the state of Sinaloa is much greater than at first estimated. All the rivers of that state were out of their banks and a number of villages and farmhouses were washed away. Over 100 bodies have been recovered, and many others are missing. The damage, to shipping interests is believed to bo great, but reports aa to the safety of coast vessels are meager. A full re port of the damage has been forwarded to President Diaz. A publio appeal will be made for funds to relieve the wants of storm sufferers. Trouble In Switzerland. The producers of California have long been sufferers by reason of having the best of their productions sold under foreign names, says the San Jose Mer cury. As an example, our best wines are shipped to France and returned to us bearing a French label. Now comes the news of onr dried fruits be ing subjected to the same treatment. United States Consul Germain at Zurich, in a report on the subject of American dried fruits in Switzerland, speaks of the success that has attended the introduction in France last season of California prunes, and says that French receivers are arranging to have all such fruit packed in cases similar to those used in France, using French marks so that the goods may be sold to the retailer as French fruit. This may be considered legitimate, but it isn't honest. It is a serious in jury to California fruit-growers who are striving to build up a world-wide reputation for excellent fruit. It makes it more difficult for them to establish a market, especially a foreign market, the necessity for which is be coming more and more apparent. It may be that we will have to suffer the misfortune in silenoe, but wo should not. There should be a vigorous pro test made against the methods which are working injuriouly against us. We might do even more and press a sort of retaliative measure. Our wines and fruit producer's might take extra pains and see that our poorest product which go into the market bear the French label. Our very poorest wine should be sent to market as the trench product. Our smallest sizes of primes ought invariably to be marked "French Prunes." In that way we could match our poorest goods against the foreign er's best. At the same time we should endeavor to see that our best product is duly credited with being of Cali fornia production. Oregon Prune. The last report of the California Ex periment Station gives a report of the analyses of two samples of prunes from Oregon which are not at all creditable to the State, says the Rural North- j west. The samples, weie, unfortu nately, far below the average in quality. Especially was this the case with the French prunes of which it required 33.4 of the fresh fruit to make a pound. The lack of sugar in these French prunes was also phenome nal. The percentage of sugar in the fresh fruit is given at only 6.90, while that of French prunes grown in Cali fornia is given at 18.80 and 19.50. Prunes grown in Oregon are larger and contain more water than those grown in California and do not contain so large a percentage of sugar but there is no such difference as indicated above. Analyses which have been made at the Oregon Experiment Station, but which have not yet been publicly reported, show that French prunes grown in Oregon contain from 15 to 16 per cent of sugar. French prunes grown in Southern Oregon and in some portions of Eastern Oregon are probably as sweet as those grown in California. Rev. William Stevenson, pastor of the Methodist Church, at Santa Mon ica, has celebrated tho competition of fifty years' continuous service as a Methodist pastor. He has filled twenty-four pastorates at points in In diana, Illinois, Kansas, and California. Mr. Stevenson, has an interesting history. He made the first war speech in Hancock oounty, 111., and assisted in raising three regiments for the Union army. His services brought him in personal association with Bis hops Ames and Simpson. He waa for three years a near neighbor of Abra ham Lincoln at Springfield, 111., and knew him well. Ho saw the first railway passenger train running from Philadelphia to Trenton, and has seen every President from Jackson to Cleve land " The latest statistic compiled by the Bureau of Navigation show that the merchant msrioi of this country com prised laa t year 23,908 vessels of 4.708,820 gross tonnage, a decrease of 330 vessels, but an increase of 68,000 tons. ool Drying Temperature. Another thing in curing fruit, says tho California Fruit Grower: It is wrong to search the hottest sun's rays; in partial shade alone will the best prunes be cured. So with raisins and other fruits, in Spain boughs being spread over the grapes in hot weather. Not that 1 expect to convert the large prune glowers, but in the interest of the smaller ones, and those who may be going to dry Hieir fruit this . year for the first time I would say, prepare the ground under the trees so that it ! ia quite smooth, let tho prunes drop ! of their own accord, and unless an un timely rain should set in, they will come to no harm lying on the ground a short time. Keep going over the ground picking up those that have fallen. Analysis has shown that the saccharine has increased in a few days from 17 per cent to 83 per cent. Even if it should be necessary to hurry mat ters at a pinch, the prunes that are not fully ripe should not be at once spread ont to dry, but kept for a time in a cool place, when they will hourly be in creasing" in saccharine. Really ripe purnes require much less strength of lye to "cut" the skin than those shaken from the tree; if perforated instead of dipped, a ripe prune loses nothing, being nearly all sugar, but one partly ripe loses much. Advice from France. Shake Treea (irmly. The time is fast approaching when our friends the prune growers, so anx ious to test the law of gravitation, will rush at their trees and, with neither sense nor reason, shake 50 cents from them, while, had they one or two weeks' more patience $1 would drop of its own accord. If not literally so the point is at least worth considering. All, almost all, will agree with me and yet hardly one will practice it It is an accepted axiom in prnne j cul ture that the fruit must be fully ripe before it is cured. Shake the trees, however gently, and you cannot pre vent the unripe prunes from falling, The sheet arrangements, or any other device for encouraging the "shaking" is a curse to the industry. It is euici dal. this scrambling haste to get the prunes dried in the cheapest way, and the first to market. French treatises have been translated and published from time to time, urging upon this as the most essential part in the business. to let the prune hang on the tree until it is fully ripe, when it will drop naturally. Northwest Crop. Although the yield of prunes will be extremely small west of the Cascade mountains, the acreage of that fruit which is coming into bearing in all parts of tho Pacifio Northwest is so large that the aggregate yield is pretty certain to be larger than ever before. In Idaho there are about 1000 acres of prune orchards which were planted in 1890 and over 500 which were planted in 1891, while it is not probable that the total acreage planted prior to 1890 exceeds 100. In the Walla Walla val ley in the vicinity of Milton, Oregon, there are 255 acres of prune orchards which were planted six years ago, as against 61 acres planted prior thereto. In fact pune-planting was at its height in the Pacifio Northwest in 1890 and 1891. Of the 60,000 acres of prune orchards in Oregon, Washingont and Idaho, nearly one-tbird are of bearing age and a full crop this year would have meant 20,000,000 pounds of cured prunes, besides those shipped fresh. Under date of August lHth, Crodel, Muller & Co., Bordeaux, France, write as follows to the California Fruit Grower: Since onr last report no serious inter ference in the growth of prunes has occurred. The harvest is drawing near, the first "primeurs" have made their apperarance on the markets, and Italian Prune. It is evident that Italian prune trees are subject to some disease which has not yet been identified. Every year. beginning usually in the latter part of July or early in August, the leaves on many of the trees begin to ourl or roll, giving tho impression that the trees are suffering from extreme drought. lhis curling may affect ono portion of a tree while other portions of the same tree remain vigorous. This curl ing has been to a large extent attrib uted to the dry weather coming in oon junction with the development of a crop of fruit, but this year the trees have no fruit and the culling appears to be as bad or worse than ever. It is a matter which needs investigation. Old timers in San Diego county say the indications are for heavy rains this winter. They think the season will be similar to '84,exoept that theraiua will begin early. The Carrick & Baily mine, on Greenhorn Creek, Siskiyou county, had struck a 10-inch vein, which goes about $100 a ton. Reduction works will soon be opened in Oroville. It will contain two stamps, with concentrators and every thing complete for sampling and test ing ores. The clean-up at the Jumper mine in Tnolnmne county, is increasing each month in value. The amount of bullion being produced monthly now is from $150,000 to $200,000. The Four Hills Mining Company, sit uated in Plumas county, is busy erect ing a ten-stamp milL A ten-stamp mill also being erected on the Little Jamison mine in the same oounty. The Marguerite Mining Company, of Placer county, will shortly erect a 5-stamp mill on its property. The miners along the Klamath are doing good work now and will continue to work until the cold weather drives them out. The body of good ore recently dis covered at the Mammoth in Tuolumne county, gives evidence of being larger in extent than at first supposed to be. The new cyanide plant at the Black Oak is giving good satisfaction treating ores from that mine. The Napa Consolidated Quicksilver Mining Company paid two dividends of 10 cents per share last week. One of the dividends was regular and the other an extra one. The amomt of both was $20,000, making $70,000 paid since January 1, 1890. Since the old Confidence mine of Tuolumne county has been pumped out and examined, the owners decided to erect a thirty -stamp mill and prepara tions for the structure are well under way. It will be run by electricity which will be generated but a short distance from the mine. The sale and transfer of the Ana conda copper mining company of Mon tana and the Homestead mining com pany's property of the Black Hills, Dakota, from the present Americau owners to the Rothschilds, has been announced. The price for which the Anaconda is to be sold is stated at $3-1,500,000. The Standard Mining Company of Bodie will, in the near future, sink the Bodie shaft 3000 feet more, in crease their mill to 100 stamps and move their electric plant to Walker river for more power. The Standard, Bodie, Buliwer and Mono mining companies will be consolidated under the name of the Standard Exploration Company. Jordan, a booming camp of Mono county, is booming. Fourteen me chanics have arrived Jfrom the Union Iron Works, ban Francisco, to put up the new 40-stamp mill, which will be completed with all possible dispatch. Jordan will probably be a brisk little camp for some years. It will take a long time to work out the group of mines situated there. French capital is seeking opportuni ties for further investments on the mother lode. At present Georges Griruaux, the accredited representative of a syndicate of Paris bankers, is mak ing a preliminary examination of prop erties in Amador county. Thence he will go to Calaveras, Tuolumne and Mariposa. He will be followed in November or December by mining en igneers, who will report on such propo sitions as Grimaux may lay , before them. Secretary Julian Sonutag, of the Cali fornia Miners' Association, is in re ceipt of a letter from the Northwest Mining Association, now in sesriou at Spokane, Wash., asking the California body to favor the creation of a depart ment of mines and to assist in bringing the attention of Congress to the subject upon convening. The Northwestern Association believes that such a de partment would promote mining de velopment and stimulate scientific re search. It should embrace mining, geology, geography, irrigation, botany, paleontology, archaeology and ethnolo gy, say the department's advocates. They point out .that the various bureaus relating to mining are scat teredthrough several departments, and assert that geography is as much neg lected by the Government as any other science. . The sale of the famous Mad Mule mining property near Whiskytowu, Shasta county, was consummated re cently. The purchasers are a svndicate of San Francisco capitalists. The new owners will begin active operations to fuither develop and work the property. They propose to erect a great pumping station on Grizzly gulch and pump the water through a pipe line over the mountain to the mine, a distance of over a mile. Much interest is being manifested relative to the sucess of the new smelter at Keswick, Shasta county. On the success of this enterprise much of Shasta county's future development depends, and the interest that is taken in the progress of the company is a good indication that the outcome of all experiments is being carefully patched. The company . is reticent in regard to its business affairs and the precise de-. gree of success attained is not known, yet it is known that the experiments of the new smelter have given so much encouragement that two more of the same kind will shortly be erected. Printer May Uun a t'lrrua. Kansas City. Frank Lemon and C. E. McKee, owner of Lemon Brothers' Circus, have filed a bill of sale here transferring to the United States Printing Company of Cincinnati all the property connected with the circus and menagerie to secure a claim for $12,500 for paper used during the past season. It is stated here that the oir ous will go out next season under the management of the printing company. Tho North American Bookkeepers' Association met in Lincoln, Neb., a few days ago.