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FIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
rtecHt, LiNcoui eo. MITAOA. PACIFIC COAST NEWS. Important Information Oathered Around the Coast. ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST. A luuuif ef Lata BtwM Tbat Are Ballad Dtn ta Salt aar ay Header. . The superintendent of the Jetty work at Gray' barbor ontranoe says tbat folly 4000 feet of the work will be built tbil year. . The Albany, Or., Herald say that company F, of Albany, baa received order from regimental headquarter to be prepared for service at 10 day' notice. A machine to make ttrawberry boxe bai been received in The Dallei, Or., by Tbe Dalle Commission Company The machine bai a oapaoity of 30,000 boxe a day. A oattle-boyer of Oakland, Or., lait week rounded np 100 head of cattle in the Ten-Mile oonntry, in Coo oonnty. He will drive the oattle to valley, and return for another band. Very few ground squirrel have been seen in Linooln oonnty. Or., thii pring, and it if hoped they have gone the way of the blaok cricket that ap peared a number of yean ago. A small oolony of Hollanders arrived in Ritzville, Adams oonnty, Wash., the first part of last week, and will make their borne in that oonnty. Other are expected to follow them. More than 100 persons have signed applications for membership in the naval reserve at Astoria, and tbe list baa been forwarded to Adjutant-General Tuttle, with request to be mus tered in. It has been decided to begin work in Toledo, Or., on a steamboat to navi gate tbe Yaqnioa river from Newport to tbe head of navigation, at Elk river. The boat is to be bnilt at Gregson' shipyards, and will be a sternwheeler. An order has been issued out of tbe superior Court for Colnmbia oonnty, 'Wash., authorizing the county treas urer to aooept f 1000 as payment in fnll of all delinquent taxes dne tbe oonnty from the Northern Paoitic Railway Company. The Government torpedo boat Rowan, wbioh ia building in Seattle, will be launohed soon. Her construction has been hurried for some days past at the instance of oiUcials at Washington. After the Rowsn is in the water her armament will be put on and she will be ready for service in two weeks after launching. Tbe boat will be ohris teued by Mrs. Edward Moale, Jr., wife of Lieutnant Moale of tbe Helena, Work has been commenced on the Government road from Sauaalito to Lime Point and through to Point Do nita. A few weeks ago United States Army officers were sent to Sansalito witb instructions to estimate the oost of building this road and erecting bar' raoks and fortifications for the defense of San Francisco barbor on the Marin shore. They reported that it would take f35,000 to build the road. The money baa been already appropriated. Owing to the efforts of the fruit-growers' committee at Los Angeles tbe rate on lemons to the Atlautio sea board has been reduced. The new rate will go into effect at once. Tbe reduc tion is to continue for ninety days. Tbe rate'will be $1 per 100 pounds in oarload lots. Other reductions re quested by grower will probably net be granted, it is alleged in San Diego that fruit exchanges are secretly op posing reductions. Dennis MoCarthy, the murderer of George Fox of Santa Rosa, will not ex piate his crime on the gallows at San tjuentin. Governor Budd has, upon the reoommendation of State Physi cians F. W. Hatch of the Stockton Intane Asylum, E.JM. Oaborn of the Glen Ellen Home for FeeLle-minded and A. M. Gardener of the Napa In sane Asylum, oommuted the sentence of death to life imprisoment, without hope of future pardon. An epidemio of spinal meningitis is beginning to be feared on Puget Sound. It oannot result from any laok of saui tary pieoautidns, but rather through the worrying of scores of people who have relative and friends in Alaska. Doctors say that taking cold, followed by intense worrying, is sufficient to cause inflammation at tbe base of tbe brain, producing the dread disease. During March there hava been nine deaths from meningitis, most of them occurring within a tew days. The United States authorities have arrested W. E. Tripp, alia Mai ion Brooks, Charles E. Lyon, Charles Brown and John Wilson at Taooma for using tbe mail to defraud Harper Brothers, Rand, McNally Co., Mao millan & Co. and other publishers of school books. His scheme was to re present himself as clerk or other officer of tbe Board of Education and order books and supplies sent. One lot seut to him was sold to a Beattle book store for f 150. lit is supposed that he in tended selling other shipments in the same way. Travel to Alaska has fallen off tre mendously during tne last two weeks. Arrival from Eastern States have been fewer than at any time sinoe De cember, while almost every day has seen another steamship added to tbe Alaskan fleet. Light passenger and freight lists are resulting in many in stances.'. .:. . .,.; -t . In the course of bis speech on tbe tadget at Victoria. H. C. Colonel Baker, the Provincial Secretary, said the Government bad made arrange ments with tbe railway company for the building of 400 miles of railway from Vancouver to tbe Boundary Creek district, v The terminus, in all proba bility, will be Rossland. He inferred that a bonus of $4000 a mile would be given. C. W. Tbebo is now in Seattle arranging to supply tbe Yukon country with beef. He and Patrick Uaivin, both well known in tbe valley of tbe Yukon, bava purchased 1500 fat beeves and will take them over the Dal ton trail to Fort Selkirk and thence by eteambsip to the gold fields. Tbe first shipment will be by the barge Skoo kum, wbioh will start early in May for Haines Mission or Pyramid Harbor. At tbe last session of the Nevada Legislature a law was passed making it obligatory on tbe part of every voter to prodnoe poll tax receipt for the two preceding years. Tbe law caused great dissatisfaction and was regarded as a measure enforcing the poicbase of suffrage. Tne other day John Wil son, a resident of Carson, applied for registration and was refused because of his inability to produce poll tax re oeipta. Tbe matter will be carried into the court aa a test. The general impression is that tbe law will be de clared unconstitutional. Report from Dyea state that tbe white packer at the summit, to tbe number of several hundred, have driven off tbe Indian paokers, who have been packing goods there every summer for year. Cbilooot Jack, one of the Indians, has appealed to Uov ernor Brady for protection from tbe white men. Tbe Governor referred him to Deputy Marshal Cudaby first, and Instructed bim that it the Marshal failed to give bim tbe desired proteo tion, that be should then sppeal to Col' onel Anderson. It is understood that Colonel Anderson will not tolerate any suoh action by the white men even if they are American citizens. Tbe price for packing from the Scales to the summit is 3 oenta per pound at pre sent. There is a perfect stream of men going np with packs on their backs. A soon as a man lifts bis foot another man puts his in the track. Paokers make from fO to f 15 per day. Great exoitement prevails in and about Sitka, tbe capital of Alaska, over what appears to be a remarkable gold discovery. To the north and east of tbe town is situated a shallow lake, known as Ponda basin, oovering about 150 aores and tbe sands and sboals of wbioh recent tests reveal are riob in gold. H. J. Willey, a San Franoisoo expert, aoting for New York capital ists, wbo have tbe property 1 under bond, reoently oompleted analysis of the gravel selected from different localities around the lake, and be found that the dirt run on an average of $450 to the ton in auriferous de posits. Now it is proposed to drain tbe lake by means of a tunnel, and work all tbe ground beneath the water surface. The discovery of gold in this unexpected quarter was made some months ago by P. Moore, formerly Colleotor of Customs for the district of Alaska. He and several others looated the entire lake, and sinoe then many other claims bordering on the water front have been staked. NEWS NOTES. At Omaha the announcement is made, upon authority of the chief arohiteota of tbe Transmississinni Ex position, that all oonstruotou work will be finished in ample time for the installation ol exhibits aud the perfec tion of concessions by tbe opening day, June 1st. William K. Vanderbilt, it is re ported, has decided in the event of war with Spain to present to the United States Government warship to oost $5,000,000. This interesting informa tion came from a most responsible touroe, with tbe explanation that Mr. Vanderbilt, impressed with the jnstioe of the nation's attitude in tbe present crisis, believed this to be the most direot and praotioal manner in whiob he oould be of servioe to his oonntry. Mr. Vanderbilt, if bis decision is as renorted. is fnllnnino in t.ha tnnt.u... . . ' D " . VVH UCB of his grandfather. Commodore Cor nelius Vanderbilt, who dnring the oivil war presented to the Federal Government tbe large ship Vander- out, wnion was valued at $1,000,000. When Commodore Vanriorhilt the Vanderbilt at the disposal of Pres ident unooin, tbe best vessel in his extensive fleet of sidewheel steamships was oonverted into a cruiser, and did highly valuable work during the war. Schopenhauer on Woman. Schopeubaner's mothrr. a singular woman, witb whom ho was iiorpetunuy at war. sue was lively, he was grim. Shu was a sentimentalist, he detested sentiment. She was devoted to society, to gossip, to the convenances of life. He lived for ideas, aud with an al most savage moroseuess poured scorn ou the round of "at homes" and u'sthetio tea parties. Both were selfish and quar relsome. We may judge, therefore, thut Schopenhauer took his en partly from bis mother. It IT An a with. out saying that these notions were vio lent in the extreme, yet not without some aspects of truth.' i he new woiuau would rave at this satire on her pretensions, aud yet it would do her good to read what Scho penhauer bttS tO SUV With ii nmnl, .!. ness as she can command. Woman is ore aepicteu as emphatically "a lesser man" indeed so far below man as to be fit only for the role of the old fash ioned German hausfrau Self Culture. Time to atop. Anions tbe best Well known Qlluler ia mm ),.,, . c... " uuuuv a kjVAjv- tisn laird who was one day relating to ...o ...cuub hi iuB uiuucr table the story of a flue fish be had ranirhi: "n...n-i.i ' n juu,u, said he to the servuut behind his chair au old man, but a new servant "bow heavy was the fish I took yesterday?" .muiu ueuutr spoke nor moved. The laird repeated th replied Donald, "it was twal' pund at "','"t. " "u gotten to uchteeu at dinner time unci it was sax and twenty when ye sat down to supper wi the captain." Then. ftr . r,,. i .. - . wuin, uo auu- ea, I ve been tellin lees a' my life to u i.uuiers, nut i ll bedashed if 4 m coins to tell lma HUU at 11M U1U HKD to please the f ushers. The Left Wing. "Is there any portion of tbe fowl you prefer, major?" asked tho hostess bland '7- 'The left wing, if you please." "Tho left wing?" "Yes.'-' refeirioH n. dubiously a th. " .J.r;.8 "B always good military tactic to bring I, . V Vl vetMn corps into no tion.' Loudon Fun. TELEGRAPIKC NEWS. ; Suffolk and Berkshire, ia dead. A cable to tbe N. Y. Evening Tele Condensed Telegraphic Report of gram from Hongkong says: Tbe 8pm- Late Event. BRIEF SPARKS FRO THE WIRES. Ba4getar Baws Far Xtaey Dlgestlaa All Parts af the Ceaatrr Bapraaaatad latareetlaa; llama. The wife of Jnstioe Brewer of tbe Supreme Court of Washington ia dead. Because Bertha Aspiegel would not marry bim, William Hillman, a farm er of Moon Hall township, near Pitts burg, Pa., shot and killed ber and then cut bis throat with a razor. An Easter gift of $330,000 has been handed to tbe University of Chicago. Half the amount include several gift, and John D. Rockefeller will duplioate these. President Harper states. Recent army orders sending the Twenty-fifth Infantry to tbe Depart ment of the Golf will result in tbe dieoontinusnoe of tbe post at Fort Mis soula, Mont., snd the portable property there will be distributed to other post in the department. Lieutenant-Commander Colwell, the United Statu naval attaohe in London, ba purchased from the Thames Iron Works, for this Government, a cruiser of 1,800 tons' displaoement and capable of a speed of sixteen knot. The ves sel oarries six 4.7-inoh guns ana ten smaller ones. She i fitted with twin crew and ha a protected deck. Private telegram received at Spo kane from Ottawa report that Presi dent Corbin of the Spokane and North ern Railroad has bsen granted a char ter by the Dominion Parliament for bis proposed extension into the Bound ary creek country of Southern British Columbia. Tbe road will be built this summer. Tbe Secretary of Agriculture has de- oided that be oannot issue any order permitting California cattle to be taken into adjacent States against tbe wishes of the authorities of suoh States. Sen ator Perkins says that be oannot pro test against this ruling and California oattlemen must be satisfied with the oonoesions already granted. He and Mr. Hobbron, however, will still con tinue efforts to have the quarntine line established at Tebaobapi. A Washington speoial to the N. Y. Herald says: Brigadier-General Gra ham, commanding the Department of the Gulf, has been directed by Secre tary Alger to immediately procure suit able oamping-gounds for at least 10, 000 troops in tbe vicinity of Altanta and of smaller bodies of soldiers at Columbia, S. C, and at one of two other point at every center south of these points. Six hundred Sioux Indians from Pine Ridge Agenoy have telegraphed a tender of their services to Governor Lee of Iowa to reinforoe the State militia, provided there is a fight witb Spain. They propose to organize six oompaniea under the leadership of six of their best fighting men. These In dians participated in the massaore of General Custer and the Seventh cavalry. Hon. William J. Bryan has made the first statement for the Associated Press in answer to the question whether, in his judgment, tbe time had arrived for the United States to intervene in behalf of Cuba and bring the war to an end. He said: "Yes, the time for intervention baa arrived. Humanity demands that we shall ant. Cuba lies almost within sight of our shores and tbe sufferings of her people oannot be ignored unless we, a a na tion, have become so engrossed in money making as to be indifferent to distress." A Washington speoial to the New York Herald says: Measures have been inaugurated by the Navy Department to plaoe tbe naval militia of the oonntry on a war footing. Assistant Secretary Roosevelt has sunt letter to the Governors of various States having naval organizations, urging that they recruit them up to their greatest possi ble strength. In addition they were requested to inform the department at the earliest possible moment of the number of yachts and tugs available for use as scout to be manned by the naval militia organizations. Tbe Senate Committee on Naval Affair discussed informally tbe naval appropriation bill and deoided to re commend an amendment striking out the provision for tine of three battle ships and substituting tor it three harbor-defense vessels, if tbe Seoretarv of the Navy should con our in tbe wis dom of this course. Tbe opinion was generally expressed that three light vessels oould be constructed at no greater expense tbat one battleship, and that they oould be built in time for use in oase of war with Spain, , while a battleship oould not be con structed quiokly enough. The work incident to the transforma tion of the yaohts and tugs reoently purchased for the Navy Department so as to make them practicable for naval purposes is now well under way. The alterations aud ohange necessary are being rushed with all possible speed, and orders have bean issued to employ a sufficient number of men to work night and day so that no time will be lost. In tbe tug particularly there are numerous change neoessary for the oomfort of tbe men wbo will man them. The yaohts, on the other band, are in better shape, and less work will be required than on the tugs. Tbey will be given a belt of armor as a means of protection tor portions wbioh are most vulnerable to the enemy's fire. So far tbe depart ment has purchased five yaohts and eight tugs for tbe auxiliary navy. The Chickericg general bill, declar ing that enlistment in either Army or Navy will not deprive veteran of pen sions for previous servioe, bas been agreed to in tbe House Committee on Invalid Pension with the following amendment: "And all person who served in the Confederate army during the late Civil War wbo shall hereafter serve in the Army or Navy of the United State for at least ninety day shall be entitled to benefit of tbe act of June 27, 1890, and pensionable thereunder it shown to be unable to perform manual labor and dependent thereon for support." Tbe bill was favorably reported to the Boose, FOKEIGN NEWS. Henry Charles Howard, Earl of ' lab troop have subdued tbe rising ol j the Colina in Sesrnbales.but thousands i of Indians, men, women and children, i were killed. j There have been frequent conflicts ; between tbe Chinese and Germans at j Kiaochan, say a special dispatoh from I Bhang hat The Germans defended him i and in the melee wbiob ensaed one : German and one Chinese were killed. ) In the case of Andres Santos, Mar j garito Cavazos of Vallacillo and I Adolfo Hodrigues of San Ignaoio, : Mex., tbe three leaders of tte proposed Spanish invasion, tbe Court beld that there was sufficient evidonoe to bold ! tbem. It is reported in London that Japan baa asked the United States to join Great Britain in supporting Japan' refusal to withdraw from Wei-hai-wei after tbe payment of tbe Chinese war indemnity in view of tbe possibility of Russia seizing that port. It i aaid that tbe British Board of Agrioultore will take step to prevent tbe landing in England of a consign ment of American apple wbioh has been refused admistion into Germany because the fruit is alleged to be afflloted wit tbe San Jose scale. Tbe latest advioe from tbe island of Hawaii confirm previous reports con cerning the activity of the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea. Peter Lee, keeper of the Volcano Hotel, re ports that tbe voloanoea are simmer ing on tbe brink of a great eruption. Princess Louise of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, eldest daughter of King Leo pold of Belgium and wife of Prinoe Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and ber lover, Lieutenant Mattaobioh Kegljvitch (with whom Prinoe Philip reoently fought a duel), are at the castle of the Lieutenant, whioh is situ ated near Goluboveoz, Croatia. A disptaoh to the London Times from Vienna says: A serious agrarian outbreak has taken plaoe in.the Hatz teld distriot, near Temesvar, Hungary. There has been a conflict between tbe rioters and the gendarmes, tbe former being armed with stones, pit oh forks and hatchets. Tbe gendarmes fired upon tbe mob and three laborers were killed and several severely wounded. FTtl . . 1 . ... aub moo mereupon cnargea the gen darme and several were wonnded. At the trial of Karditzi and Giorgii, charged with the recent at tempt to assassinate King George of Greeoe, large number of tbe leading Greeks and many members of tbe diplomatio oorpa were present. Kar ditzi, who is ill witb consumption, said be was impelled to the ant by newspaper artiolea declaring King George responsible for the misfor tunes of the oonntry, and be deolitred that if he had succeeded in killing tbe King he would have tried to kill Dely annis, the former Premier. Giorgii declared that be fired into the air. Both prisoners were oondemned to death. New come from Viotoria, B. C, and is well oonflrmed, that the Cana d an Paoiflo Railway Company will in the near future become a competitor for the Hawaiian and Australia trade. It is stated that they are negotiating for tbe purchase of two crack Atlan tio liner the New York and the Paris with a view to plaoing them in tbe trade between Vanoouver and Oriental ports, replacing two of the fast Empress liners. The steamships thus withdrawn from the Oriental trade will be plaoed in the Canadian Anstraliau trade, probably replacing tbe steamships Miowera and Warrimoo of tbe Canadian-Australian Steamship Company' line. Tbe New York Herald correspond ent, in San Jose, Costa Rica, writes as follow: Strained relations still exist between this country and Nica ragua. I am still unable to cable news, Nicaragua refusing to handle Costa Rioa matter over their lines. Minister Lainfiesta, envoy from Guat emala, arrived a few days ago. After the offloial reception he beld several conferences with President Iglesia. It is reported in Government oircle that hi proposal can not be accepted by Costa Kloa, as they would stain tbe honor and dignity of the country. Meanwhile the army is at the front prepared and eager for a fight. TheConxt of Cassation tbe other day began bearing the appeal of Emile Zola against tbe sentence of one year's imprisonment and 3000 francs' fine imposed upon him Feburary 23d, after be bad been oonvioted of making libel ou charge in the Aurore against the oonduot of tne Esterhazy court-martial. iounouoi vnamoareaua, who was appointed to examine the argumonts, reported in favor of Zola's main plea, namely, that his trial had been irregu lar because the suit was brought by tbe Minister of War instead of tbe president of the court-martial whioh Zola bad libeled. If the oourt, as is probable, aooept Chambareaud' re port the case will not be retried. The condemnation will remain, but tbe sentence will not be exeouted. This result is believed to be acceptable to the Government, aa it is hoped that it will top the agitation on tbe subjeot of the Dreyfus sentence. Funeral Cakes. Americans will find that tbe English frequently- exhibit a distaste for sponge cake and lady fingers. This is not sur prising when it is known thut they are served witb light refreshments at funer als iu all parts of the British islands snd often are sold under tbe uame of "funeral biscuits." In Yorkshire when prevented from attending a fuuerul to which au iuvitatiou has been given a memorial card is received with several ludy fingers folded in black edged paper and fastened witb black seals. New Orleans Times-Democrat. ladlecreet Teit. Mrs. Homer 1 bear that all the members of your church choir resigned yesterday. What was tbe trouble? airs, unurcniy wny, alter siuging tho first byniu tbe minister arose aud opened his Hible aud chose for bis text had Acts xx, "And after tbe uproar ceased," etc. Chicago Record. I Oaly the Bias;. I Mother What was going on in the ' parlor last night, Madge? Madge (snylyy Only tbe engagement I ring, wa. Brooklyn Ufa FOR THE FARMERS. Some Interesting News lor the Rurallst ' SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. are Sensible Htata ta Salt the Baey acrlcnltnrlat. Iterna That May BeneBt aar Reader. Krroaeoue Pruning-. I Whoever attempts to prune a fruit , tree of any sort before cntting off any limb, branch, twig, or fruit-spur, should be able to assign a scientific j res bo n for pruning off one or more of such portions of tbe tree-top. If a ' pruner is not able to give a scientific j reason for cutting back or removing any part of tbe top, he will be quite ' as likely to damage a tree as to im prove tbe growth of the fruit produc tiveness of an tree. "When I was a small boy," says a correspondent of tbe Country Gentle man, "my father sent an illiterate wood-chopper to prune bia apple trees, using no tools but a wood-chopper' ax. The man waa an expert witb the woodnan'a ax. He knew bow to chop down trees, how to trim off the blanches, and how to pile up tbe brush and tbe wood; but ;be had not tbe slightest conception of the scien tific knowledge essential to enable a pruner to prune a tree so aa to improve it lateral or its upward growth, or it fruit-productiveness. Consequently, be went to work in the orchard as be would when clearing ground of a for est. Such pruning! Suoh reckless cutting and slashing and suoh damag ing vandalism was really provoking and heart-sickening! The tree were large and in full bearing; very few of tbem needed any more pruning than cutting off, heire and there, a small branch. But that pruner chopped off with bis keen-edged ax many large and leading limbs from every tree. Many of the limbs were fourteen to eighteen feet long, and six to eight inohes in diameter at the butt end where tbey were severed from tbe parent stocks. Then the branches that were allowed to remain were all irimmea neatly ana clean ol every twig, leaf-spur and fruit spur, leaving nothing but a large bush at tbe end of a long limb. I well remember how long and destitute of branches and twigs most of the limbs were. In many instanoes more of tbe top was slashed away than remained. Huge and gaping wounds on every tree, whioh were never covered with wax of any sort, were exceedingly damaging to those trees. From tbe time of that reckless pruning, the rapid decay of tbe most frnitful trees oommenoed. Every season the yield of fruit contin ued to diminish. Many of the trees, I well remember, oontinued to deoav. at the heart, until there waa nothing left exoept an old, half-decayed tree. standing on two prongs, like an old decayed tooth." A Lemon Preserver. All lemon-erowers are intnrniitnil in anything that will enable them to keep men lemons over a weak market. The San Diego Union bas tbe follow ing to say concerning a compound that naa proven satisfactory so far a it nas been tried: There are two important matters that just now engage tbe earnest at tention of tho lemon-growers. First, how to keep the lemons until the sum mer prioe, and seoond, if they have any purple soale on tbem, how to de stroy them without rubbing the fruit and breakiua tbe oil cells, whinh causes them to rot early. Again, fruit with this soale on it oannot beahinnnii. Respecting the first, there have been several patent issued to persons in Australia. England and America for a preservatou preparation to prevent tbe decay of fruit. J. M. Johnson of Chnla Vista an. plied for a patent for bis preservation oompouna, but has concluded to give it to the pnblio for their benefit. Mr. Johnson has lemon treated August 2, whiob, to all appearance, are in just' as good shape to keep five months longer. This formula for the preser vative compound is inexpensive and kills scale on the frnit. The soale can be removed more easily than before tbe lemon is treated. The lemon cures well and only a very small per cent, decays, as is always the case in ouring. The formula is: One pound concen trated lye, t iree pounds oottolene and two onnoes borax. Melt tbe oottolene and resin together, dissolve lye in two quarts of hot water, add borax, while all is hot, mix. This makes a soapy oompound. When yon wish to put lemons away to keep a long time, make two gallons of water hot, and add the soap to it, heat the whole to 100 deg. Fah., then dip tbe lemon into it, letting tbem remain a few seoonds not too long or tbe oil cells will be affected by the heat. mail a piece of wire netting on a frame witb a handle for rlinnincr law them in your tray or boxe where they are to remain until you sell them. To those wbo wish to kill soale on frnit, and keep their lemons a long time, it is worthy of trial. We believe it will be a means of getting better advantage of the market when prices are higher, a they undoubtedly will be. w e mw lome iago trees that bad been inraved with bemanna nntii h. . - -. UD trunks were blistered and breaking out witn gum. uney will try tbe lye wash the next time, aud set better in every way. The Farrowing Season. In tbe farrowing teas in, it is best not to keen many hraniii DO tViWI In M ' " "w au vuu building and if feasible it is better to uarn a separate pen ior eacn sow. A large building witb many pons is more difficult to kep clean and well venti lated. and while more onnvaniant In some ways there are many objections. in tne i arrowing season, sows are easily alarmed and any trouble in one part sets all the rest in na uproar. Or. if one is fed. the reat am nie whether tbey need feeding or not, until they got their expected ration. The result is exoitement and irritation when aniet and neaoa ahnnlH There is also an advantage in having small and semi-portable pens, wbioh can oe moved by a team from one place to another. The yard about Urg and permanent building oon get muddy and filthy from tbe constant working over of th soil, and wallow bole in which foul water Hands in wet weather add to the ill-smelling combination. This might not disturb the owner, for tbe most men think a bog will be bog under any c iron in stances, but when he understand that the cholera and other epidemio disease which carry off bog by hundreds are encouraged, if not entirely doe to filthy pen and yards, tbe pocket is then touched, and he ia willing to take extra trouble in feeding, which i necessary when pens are separate. Western Swineherd. Bee Note. When bee quit swarming for the season they will notify yon by dispos ing of their drones. Tbe proper time to transfer bee from box-hive to movable frame ia in early apring, aa later tbe oomba'be come heavy with brood and honey. Tbe life of bee during tbe working season is very short, and it require a good laying queen to keep np the force of bees in tbe bive to prodnoe the best results. Hence this is a point of tbe greatest importance. Stiff quills from the wings of tur keys or geese are the best brush to nse in brushing tees from tbe combs or bive or in hiving swarms, etc Brushes made of hair do not seem to suit them, and when used will enrage them to a fighting pitob. Leaky oovera to hive is very damag ing to bees, and should be promptly mended. It is not necessary to plaoe a roof over hives, but the hive cover proper should be made to fit well and of good material well painted, and new coat of paint added every year. A set of bomb whioh have been bnilt by tbe bee without foundation contain too muoh drone oomb as a gen eral thing, and in every case it should be gone through and the drone oomb be removed. In natural oomb-building bee do not do the most profitable thing thus, a it i their nature to in crease instead of storing barrel of boney. With bee, swarming is the rule daring good boney lessons, and if we do not prevent it our crop of honey will be small. On tbe other hand, If we keep down swarming, nd give bee plenty of room to store boney, the result will be a good honey crop. This can easily be accomplished by remov ing all tbe queen cell tbe bee .build preparatory to awarming. All those who keep bee should ac quaint themselves with the nature and habits of the same, so they may be suc cessful with them. More oolonies be come lost from the loss of queens than from almost anything else, and every one should know tbe oondition of every oolcny in this respeot readily, by an examination. The presenoe of brood indicates that the qneen i all right. No broodin any stage indioate that the qneen is not present, usually. Hog- Notes. Never nse fa vicious animal for breeding. It will often pay to sow oats and clover for hog pasture. Keeping good stock help to market the bulky product to the best advan tage. Too muoh fat is not desirable in a breeding animal, aa it render them less sure. Hogs will enable you to make money earn money rapidly better than almost any other kind of stook. One reason is they increase so rapidly. It young pigs are taken away from the sows at farrowing they should be fed fresh caw's milk, bnt not muoh at a time, and at the same tempera ture aa it come from the oow. To have a good healthy pig he should have a variety of feed. This gives them a better appetite and makes their digestion better, and by these means tbey mature more rapidly. Don't feed the brood'sow too muoh, but keep her in good flesh by feeding ber good, suooulent food. Yon will find her pig better, and she will be a better mother. Too many brood low have been ruined by over-feeding. Sugar Beet. It is suggested that the cultivation of sugar beet for a few year on land which bas been continuously cropped for wheat during many year will be an excellent thing for the land. In this manner tbe sugar-beet industry in California would have additional valne as a feature of the farming busi ness. At the Alamitoa lusar-beet ranch it is proposed to rotate the crops. CONGRESSIONAL NOTES. The Senate has confirmed thafnllnai. ing nominations: Thomas Mosgrove, Receiver of Pnblio Money at Walla Walla, Wash.; John Best, Register of the land office at Lewiston. Idaho; C. A. Sooby, Indian agent, Fort Peok Agency, Montana; Campbell I. Maxwell of Ohio, Consul-General t Santo llomincro. Dominican Republic: ' Jnrienn W T.vnne nf Georgia to be Register of the Treasury. To be Consuls Louia Kaiser of Illi nois, at Mazatlan, Mexioo; James C. MoCook of Pennsylvania, at Dawson City. NorthwMt Territory. Mainr George W. Davis, Ninth Infantry to ds Liien tenant-Colonel, and numerous Army promotions. The moat imnnrtant rlnnnmant in the Hawaiian annexation series whiob has vet annnarad waa offered in tlia Senate the otber day by Senator Frye. it l a brief prepared for former Secre tary of State Gresham, in 1894, and is praotically an answer to tbe article by Judge Cooley opposing annexation. The brief waa written at the rannent of Judge Gresham by John Dean Ca- wa, ex-umer Jnstioe ol the State of Illinois, and is a thorough document. Under the heads of "Constitutional Right to Annex." "Desirability of la land" and "Construction of Rule of National Ethics." point of law and fact are carefully argued. The docu ment will form the basis of an argu ment by Senator Frye, to whom it was sent by a son of Judge Greaham, it having been found in the late Secre tary's paper. The entire lot of the London & San Franoisoo bank' 1897 hops, consisting of 693 bale were shipped from Pnyallup recently to London. FREE FARMS FOR YANKEES. Venezuela Offers Land aad Trai attoa to America a tCaaiaraata. An emigration bureau ha been open. ?d In New York by the Venexuelaa Gov ernment. It I under the charge of Ir :..iu-l V. Toledo, formerly commlsl iioner to the World's Fair, aud already t number of etui Kraut have been seat to Venezuela through Its agency. The bureau was founded in March 1SS7, under two special act of th Venezuelan Government. It Intent la to help settle tbe vast tracts of unpeo pled country In the rich valley of tbe Araua, and to tnoonrnire emigration advantageous offers are authorized by the government. Under tbe act authorizing the buresi the government officials are now en deavoring to arrange a reduced rate of transportation for all emigrants. The act. In the first place, authorize the payment of a sum equal to 80 bolivars for the transportation of each adult and balf that amount for the transpor tation of minors. In addition to this a sum equal to $4 I offered for tbe payment of the adult's passage to tbe seaboard. At the moniet the bureau has been unable to carry out this ar rangement with emigrants, for the rea son that It has been unable to contract with tbe steamship companies that ply between here and Caracas. It hopes to have this arrangement completed shortly. Iu addition to this transportation bounty tbe government bas authorized certain land concessions of the' utmost value. To each emigrant will be given free not less than five acres nor more than six acres of fertile land. Titles aud deeds will be made out to bim, and the only stipulation la tbat one-half the land must be cultivated within a period of three years. Another advan tage offered is that tbe emigrant will be permitted to buy at a merely nom inul price any other of tbe public lands he may desire In any amounts and In any locality. The valley of the Aragua, to which particular attention is paid by the Vene zuelan Government, U the most arable section of the country. Up to the pres ent time the chief difficulty In working It bas been the lack of transportation. The Krupps of Germany have recently Invested large capital within Its limits, and are now building a railroad tbat will tap It from end to end. Tbe ter minal points of the road are Caracas and Valencia. It Is hoped by tbe government that American farmers will respond to the call. The Venezuelans would prefer to have Americans take up the farms, and other Inducement may possibly be offered. It would be easy to till the Aragua valley with Europeans, but the Venezuelan Government does not look with composure at this. It will make every effort to get Americans, and, un til ailing there, will not invite Euro peans. His Joka Was Turned Very Neatly. A prominent Senator told an Interest ing story to a group of attentive listen ers at au uptown hotel the other even ing, the Senator In question, a young woman, and a member of the diplo matic corps being the principals. It happened that the Senator was on his way to New York, and the young wo man in the case was Intrusted to bis care. Shortly after leaving Washing ton the Senator noticed that the diplo mat was casting sheep's eyes at the pretty girl In tbe opposite chair. It be came the duty of the Senator to speak to his charge on some trival matter and this was the long-looked for opportun ity for the dude. He knew the Senator slightly and therefore did not hesitate about improving his acquaintance. First seeing that the count was clear be sidled up to the Senator remarking ;.a he did so: "That's a deueedly pretty girl with you, Senator. If you do not consider It presumptuous ou my part I would like to make her acquaintance." There was Just a suggestion of a twinkle In the Senator's eye as he re plied: "That's my sister's maid. She Is going to New York to meet some of my folks who are returning from abroad." A horrified look came over the face of the young diplomat who found It convenient to change bis seat into an other car for the remainder of the Jour ney. "After tbe fellow called my attention to the fact," said the Seuator, "I no ticed that although It was a fine-looking girl who had been intrnsted to my care she was not bothered by any more attention from ber fellow passengers." Average Height of Men. During the war measurements were made of over 1,(HH),IHK) men In the United States army, and it was found that the average height of men born In the United States was (17.8 inches. Ac cording to Toplnard, the average height of Englishmen, Scotchmen and Swedes Is U7.4 Inches; Irishmen, 07; Germans, Oti.2; Freuohmen, 05; Danes, 00.2; Rus sians, t!5.4; Chinese, 04; Bushmen, 2; Laplanders, O0.7; American Indians, 08.2; Patagouians, 70.3. Taking these measurements as a bnsls, the average for the world would be about 65.8. Na tives of the United States, it will be observed, are taller than any other rep resentatives of the Caucasian race, and It Is an Interesting fact that residence on this continent, or, at least, the north ern part of It, tends to develop all the races In respect of height, weight and muscular power. Thus, In the army measurement referred to the average height of foreign-born citizens was less than the average of American-born, but greater than the average in their re spective countries. The high average of the Indians Is another point In proof. No MtatlstK-s of the height of women have ever been tabulated. According to Gerland, the variation in the height of females of the various races Is very much less than of men. In the short est aud weakest races tbe females are physically equal to the males, and sometime surpass them. Ou the otber baud, where the stature of the males Is considerably above the normal, the female departs little from It. He Waa Kemty. Miss Hennlker Mr. Blucher, I bopt you wll pardon me for venturing oc such a delicate subject, but papa bas declared that unless you mean business you must stop coming here. Mr. Blucher Tell your father that 1 am ready to talk business at any time. What are hi office hours? If you think you are solid In society, try giving a party without refreshment.