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PIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
uia in it paliuieat mineral resources. days, in virgin T. J. 08BOBN1, Mnimi. FWOIH, IIRC9UI CO., ALONG THE COAST. M. Soto, who has a concession from the Mexican Government on the Coro- -r- oado islands, haa received a propose HIV ADA. ' jj0 f0m San Francisco capitalists fur the lease of the two Ulanris for a term of twenty yearn. If leased they are to : be quarried for the building atone of which they are almost entirely com- ; posed. Under the Constitution of j Mexico the Government ia prohibited Interesting Occurrences From all fIom gelling any portion of its territory. Over the Coast. ' Dt there ia no prohibition against leas- ing it. The price aitked for a twenty years' lease of the two islands is $30, NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED.;000- These islands are about fifteen I mile off the coast from Han Diego. The largect one ia about six milei in leugh and about three wiles in width, and the other ii about half that size. Their height ia 2,000 feet. They aie uninhabited save by occasional sheep herders, who take over a boatload of animals and fatten them on the Gov- TELEGRAPHIC RESUME Things That Have Happened ail Over the Country MENTIONED if, THESE PARAGRAPHS. A Number af Mlaeellaneoua Jotllng-e HrlaSjr "1 Cnrtlr Told Ik Thla Column. An iron foundry baa been started in Riverside. .- A discovery of a six-foot'seam of ooal thirteen miles east of Randsburg, is re ported. . Mayor Phelan of San Francisco will aot as inspector of sidewalks about publio property. The San Bernardino wheelmen are to rush to completion the cinder path from that city to Redlands. The project of a free market at San Franoisoo has been reported upon ad versely by a legislative committee. The bill to prevent county officers or their deputies from being notaries publio, baa passed the Legislature. The voluntary fund tor the relief of the unemployed of Los Angeles is now more than $16,000, and it is still grow ing. The Lob Angeles Herald claims that the population of Southern California, which was 201,853 in 1890, is now over 800,000. A fifty-pounder blast at the Santee quarry in San Diego county displaced a solid rook of about 800 tons' weight, shoving it a distance of about thirty feet The Southern Paoflo is furnishing me Jjos Angeles Kock-orushing Com pany with boulders from the Han Ga briel river, hauling out four oarloads a day. The State Board of Trade is prepar ing a treatiss on the resources and olimatio advantages of California, for circulation among Christian Endeavor era at the oomiug convection. In oonsequenoe of the Riverside County Supervisors fixing rates on water very low, the - Bear Valley oom pany has refused to deliver it to Aleg sandro and Perns valley irrigators. As a result of the enthusiasm stirrod up by the late farmers' institute held in Fresno a farmers' club has been organized. It is designed to make it a social as well as business organization. . In San Franoisoo Bay the steamer fcnnol was run down and Bunk by the lour-mastea Dark Olympic. Its forty nve passengers were all saved. She nas been raised an.l taken to dry dock " to be repaired. Collector of the Port Wise of San Franoisoo has been notified that the drawback on the importation of sugai in oanned goods will not be allowed, as it is oontrary to a section of the aot of August, 1894. The joint committee of Native Sous and Native Daughters that are mak ing preparations for the Golden Gate carnival have requested Governor Budd to declare California day, May 4, a legal holiday. An Inyo paper reports that na.rt.iiM who have experimented with the phos- puM louna near Aivord report that it iaau excellent fertilizer, improving land on which it has been used, and is oBpeoiauy good Tor trees. The prices of opium have gone down a oan rTanoisoo and orders are being micu reiBuiariy once more. The high price were due to the seizure of an immense quantity of the drug by cus om offioers. The prioe went to 25 con is per pound. A big fight is in progress as to the location or the Normal School in Sn Diego. The Paoifio Beaoh Company is ""'"S strong effort to secure the location, while University Heights people are pulling unanimously for the college grounds in that quarter, ; The State Senate has adopted a con ourrent resolution for the oalling of a convention to draft a new constitution. The convention is to oousist of 80 members, one from eaoh Assembly dig trict in the State, eaoh to be paid $8 a day and mileage at ten cent for every member. The resolution was immediately transmitted to the Assem bly. The Monterey Eleotric Power Com pany is getting ready to construct a plant on a branch of the Little Sur river, twenty miles from Monterey where 1000 horse power can be devel oped and BOO horse-power more added -uuwrj. A rough estimate plaoeg the cost of getting the power into Monterey at $40,000, with tio . additional for extending if eminent pasture. Hunters and fisher men also trespass upon the islands, and occasionally a deserter or outlaw limit temporary refuge there. The talk of a new road from Nevada City to San Juan ia being revived, and it is possible that the Board of Super visors will take some action in the mut ter at their April session, says the Nevada City Herald. A recent survey shows that a road oonld be built from here to Jones' bar, connecting from that crossing with the present road from Rough and Ready to San Juan, that would give a grade so easy thut a team could trot most of the way. The route now in contemplation would leave Nevada City by way of Wyoming street, leave Wyoming street just above the Julia mine, swing around by the Wyoming dump, pass the Nevada City mine, and across Red Hill to Newtown. From there an easy grade could be made to Jones' bar. A considerable portion of this route would be over roads already built, aud wnion would only need repairing. Very little new road would be re quired. Meantime it would lead past the Wyoming dump, where any quan tity of first-class rock could be ob tained for road building. Such a road would be highly appreciated by the people of San Jnan and vicinity, and oonld hardly fail to be of benefit to the merohants of Nevada City. CONGRESSIONAL NOTES. Theodore F. Swayze of New Jersev has been appointed Chief Clerk of the I "i , nn7" Ttbbi.- iiu... i of ban Franoisoo, The Senate confirms John Huy, am bassador to Great Britain; Horace Porter, ambassador to France; Henry White, secretary to Mr. Hay. Warden Harley of the Indiana State Prison U La Porte has adopted a novel method of providing oooupation for the several hundred idle 'convicts under his charge by organising militia companies within the walls. The convicts will be supplied with wooden crmia an1 armea oy convicts who served in the late war. The Republican members of the Ways and Means Corrniittee have de cided to make two impoitant ohanges in the tariff bills. Books and soientiflo apparatus not made in this country are to be admitted free. The duty on pine applos is to be changed front, two cents per pound to six oents per cubio foot in barrels or paokages and $6 per 1000 imported in bulk. The Chinese Minister cave a rtiminr a few days ago to several members of the Cabinot and others. J. C. Camp, bell of San FrauUsco. John W. Foster and H. M. Kingman were among those present. As a result of the See Ynn and Sam Yup ooutrovorsy in San Fran oisoo ana settlement it is announced positively that the Chinese Consul at that city, Fung Yung Hang, and Vice Consul King will be deposed by the Chinese Government on reoommouda tiou of the Minister. Rejection Tb.l Will lirmllj lutereal Our Kemlfn lloth Old and Young. Mucli damage has been done by a tornado in the neighborhood ot Den ton, Tex. Witbiu a week, the prices of refined sugar have advanced one quarter of a cent a pound. The Cincinnati Convention League haa been formed for the purpose of promoting the holding of conventions in that city. Gurrett A. Hobait, the 12-year-old sou of the vice-president, has been ap pointed official bell-hanger at the White House. The United States Supreme Court has decided that a btate has a right to tax franchises of corporations, such as express, telegraph and railroad com panies. The plant of the Acme Bicycle Works at Reading, Pa. , has been de stroyed by fire. Valuable niaohinery was destroyed. The total loss is $75, 000, insured. The New York World says there is a serious bieak in the ranks of the Socialist Labor party. Six thousand members are said to have rebelled at what they term dictatorship. The oldest postmistress in the coun try, Miss Blanche Borard, who has held her office at West Point, N Y., for fifty years, has resigned. The mother also held the same position. The Texas courts have decided that where a ticket is sold for a certain coach like a Pullman a negro is en num. w rme in mat aina or a car, or tne company is liable to pay damages, At Boston the sugar men are oorner ing the product in anticipation of nignei taritr. f ifteen thousand tons have been bought in the Gorman mar kets and ships are beiug sent for it every day. The following Californians have been admitted to praotice before the Interior Department in Washington: St. Julien E. Cox and John C. MacCabe of Los Angeles, William R. MoQuiddy of Hanford, and William E. MoCloskey 000 Salinas. and which is The oil from the Pnenta wells flows more than forty miles through pipes entirely by force ot gravity, to reach Chino, where there is a refinery. The refinery ia really an adjunct of the beet sugar factory; originally the oil was used in orude form for fuel pur poses, but it proved too explosivo. and ao the refinery waa built to separate Kwuue, rennea petroleum oenzine; it is the refuse burned in the factory. S. M. Seguin, a wealthy land owner, nag just suooeeded . in organizing a company of Spaniards with $1,000,000 paid-up capital, to put in a great irri gation enterprise. The immense body of land in the valley on the Rio Grande petween uamargo and Matamoros is to be placed under irrigation by the means of canals. The surveys for these canals will be made at once, and the work of construction inaugurated. With settlement of the Yaqui In dian trouble, now in course of adjust, i m.nt tl. . III . . uicut, uitni wjii pc a rusn or pros pec. tors into the Yaqui river oountry very jiu mmuo oi mo oia-titue mining l uauca iu me vuima cates. Hundreds of men are now awaiting the word to go in, and when the rush begins they will be joined by thousands. The region is described as equaling Califor- A large number of bills that had been on the calendar or on the files of the oominittee of the last and prior congresses have been reintroduced in the Senate, and the bill for the adjust ment of the Government TillinAf) nn the calendar. A resolution has been agreed upon instructing the Commit- f .in .u. 1.'. ..... : t i i vai imeigu neiations to inquire uu report wnen tne Danish West India Islands of St. Croix. St. Thomas oan now be linrnhnHflH whether, if not Dnrohannii h ti. United States, thev would nmhnhiv i sold to some other power. Many other amendment i,a; the same object, to put articles con trolled by trusts on the f Hat h,. been offered, and on objection by Ding- ley stated that when the tim name - deal with trusts the Republican ma jority would do so, and that after pass ing this tariff bill, if anything re mamed to do for the publio interest it would attend to that Several changes uUl, uavo oeen macte, among them a reduction ot cent on carbonate of ammonia, an increase from 25 to 40 wins a pouna lor the duty on sul phurio ether, and increasing the dutv f'vuuui u. pig ieaa rrom 2 ft, to 3 vtu a yuunu. The exeoutive oommlttee oreated by j uvureution at Indianapo lis in January last to secure the ap pointment of a commission to revise 4 currency system of the United States hag called on Stw.aW Among the number was H. H. Hanna" chairman of the Indianapolis conveul uu, exovernor stanard of St. Louis. George F. Peabody of New York, and John P. Irish of San Franoisoo. The The committee set forth to Speaker Reed the necessity not only of main taming the present gold standard, but of insuring the ultimate retirement of all classes of United Statna auusument or a banking system which should furnish cred.t facilities ltliou i l and at v, v"uu nora a safe, leastio Jt 1U Wlu, lue appointment v.. - .on. u na Speaker replied ""6 uu oeen called together w puna a iarin mil. and (, i A. A.L -" TY OH !"""""' u ""J interests of the conn try that this bill should be passed at the earliest moment. Until final action had been taken on the bill he did not deem it advisable to complicate mat terg by any new business. The nnm. rnittee agreed that this was doubtless uo uoirer uouisa. and thn closed. y An arrangement has been affected by which the powder war will cease. The Atlantic and Paoifio Coast oom panies have agreed upon the oovering of neutral territory and there will be no more underselling. An advance in prices will be wade at once. In Virginia twenty-flve years ago Bud Lindsay was sentenoed to twenty, five years of imprisonment for the murder of Joseph Murdook. A few days since Murdock returned to hi old borne. Lindsav had "til Hi". Hind in prison. The evidence was strong but all circumstantial. McKinloy has appointed Binger Hermann of Oregon Commissioner Genual of the Land Office, Commodore Miller to be Rear-Admiral, and James U. tlliott United States Attorney of oourn Dakota. Several previous nomi nations were confirmed by the Senate. The Gleason blook bag been totally destroyed by fire in Lawrenoe, Mass., and adjacent buildings were also dam aged. Several persons were badly in jured by jumping from windows. At first it was feared that several lives were lost, but all have been accounted for except one. Total loss, $100,000. The four big appropriation bills, the Agricultural, "Sundry Civil, Indian, aud General Deficiency, which failed to pass last session, have been reported to the Senate. The Immigration bill, which was vetoed by President Cleve land, was also presented. The Senate j uoniniitte on Appropriations has agreed io report tne agricultural appropria nuu m.i as it passea tne House. By a majority opinion deliver h JustioePekham, the Supreme Court of tne united States announced its deois ion that the agreement of the trans Missouri freight association to main tain rates within its territory was in violation or the anti-trust law of 1890 pronioiting oontraots or oombinationa in restraint of trade and must be aban doned. This reverses the decision of tne courts below which ordered a dis missal of the government's bill. Jus tices Field, Gray, Shiras and White aissented. FOREIGN NEWS. Germany wants more warships. The surplus wheat of the world is rapidly lessening. It is reported that Spain is willing to end the Cuban war by selling the island to the insurgent. The Nova Scotia Legislature has lieeu dissolved, and a general election has been called for April 20tb. The Greeks in Constantinople" have planned revolt. As they tiumbur 30, -000 the plot creates a sensation. An English syndicate has purchased the Golden Cross group of mines, near Ogilby in the Colorado desert, for 41. 500,000. In Oldham, England. 2000 memlMrs of the amalgamated society of engin eer nave struck for a two-shilling in crease of wages per week. A Scotch synod will try Rev. Dr. John Watson (Ian Maclaren), author of "Boside tne Bonnie Brier Bush." and other well-known books, for j heresy. Roses discovered in tombs containing 1 Egyptian mummies oftenhave their i colors perfect, even though some of I those thug found must be over 3,000 years old. The Riksdag of Sweden has adopted an increase in the duty on imports of : hides to 40 ore per kilogram, and de- cided not to change the duty on im-i ported pork. I A dispatch received in Loudon from I Brest, Germany, says it is feared the j Dutch mail steamer Utrecht, frnni FOR THE FARMERS. ? THE MINING INDUSTRY for Some Interesting; News Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS A tew Henallil lliuta to Suit thai l-.uar Agrleulturliit Itema That Mar Keiirfit our Kcsdera. What they are Doing; Mines. in the Max for Fiber. Several years ago the Department of Agriculture at Washington. D. C, distributed flax-seed to a large number i of experimental stations in as many States as were considered adapted in soil and clitimte to the growth of flax j fiber, says Hugh H. Lainont. The I published report of the result pl . 1 I California second highest on the list for fiueness aud lustre of fiber. Oregon standing first. The California experi ment was conducted at the State Uni versity grounds, Berkeley. Is flax a profitable crop for farmers to grow? It ha9 been exceedingly so; the return per acre has been greater than from any of the cereals. Since the introduction of the wheat thresher into the domain of flax threshing the American farmer has had to depend on the seed alone for profit. The straw, as delivered by the ordinary thresher, is in such a tangled and cut-up condi tion that the fiber is unfit for manufac turing purposes. However, machinery o..tf....i. u t . i camio iiini uiresuesann practically Rotterdam for Batavia. has foundered ! u i.i T . 7 : ' in the vicinity of Lshant and that 100 I ers the straw compact and straight so persons on board have been lost. I that the fiber At the head of Germany's landed J purposes, thereby increasing the value .aiuurauysuiuus mnce Witteiigstein. ,01 tiiecrop to the farmer, besides creat no OWDH O.UUU.UUO acres. Fnnrfnn j crops are two points in farming tha J every farmer should practice, says ; Home and Farm. lu addition to the reasons which are on the surface for the : this, there is a reason seldom thought , of snd which is already a big item and ) steadily becoming larger and larger ! in our agricultural operations. It is ; COLUMN. ! the item of insect depredation. I I It ia very well knowu that latge ALL BRANCHES ARE REPRESENTED. numbers oi our very worst insect eue-1 . mies go into the ground in the fall of ! the year and undergo changes aud pass the winter there. Fall plowing breaks up the arrange ments they make, leaving uo time for the making of new arrangements, where the insects are still more or j nw Mining biiu. less active, and by exposure making; The Legislature which has just ended for their death by freezing or desrrnc- its session enacted some radical changes tion by birds and otherwise of all i in the mining l.f !, . I those that have become dormant. j the S. F. Examiner. Nine bills 'bear ! We are of the opinion tiiat our old i in ntmii rho inrfn.H.. a..A . i worn-out orchards, which are infested j meut of mining secured passase with codlin moths and other destruc- j through both houses, all but one bav live insects, oould be made productive j in originated in th An.hi. , BrlrtleU that An or Iateraat to All Claaaea -w from Alt Ovtr . tha Country. otner titled landlords own between tbetn 6,000,000 acres. One of the four teen, Prince Talleyrand-Sagan, citizen of France. ing an opening for the manufacture of what has hitherto been considered a waste product amounting to manv is a thousands of dollars annually. I Our shoe thread, the twine for our A dispatch to the Daily Mail of Lon-1 fisn nets an1 even linen goods could don from Bombay. India, savs a sister i a11 be M well made here as in Ulster of the Italian Consul and an Enulish ;or niuy. One firm nlone in broker named Brooks have died from j Cauadn has twenty flaxoutoh mills, the black plague and that several other , wuile here with superior climate for C&Sftfl liavO broken out ainnnv tlm i flax production we have not nun tm Europeans residing m tne city. The Central Trust Company of New York has filed a proceeding against the Columbus, Hocking Valley and To ledo Railway Comoanv. making thro uiuer companies lien holders party defendants. These are the Knicker bocker Trust Company, the Atlantio Trust Company and the Hooking Coal ua nauway company. The petition is based upon failure of the oompany to pay interest due on $14,500,000 go.u dodos issued in 1881 and due in 1931. They ask for the appointment o. a reoeiver. .Probably the receiver ship of Mr. Monserat, now existing, will be extended under this suit interview It is probable in a very short time the Baron de Hirsch fund m this oountry will be augmented by a mag nificent donation from bis widow. It is stated on good authority that Oscar S. Straus, the former Minister tn Tn.. key, and one of the trustees of the Baron de Hirsoh fund, who Aninvnd a close personal aoquaintanoe with the famous philanthropist, and who has now returned from a trln aw. brought with him nositive nwnmn from the Baroness of her disnosition tn give $1,800,000 to divers benevolent enterprises in the United States. Of this great sum it is reported that $1,. 000,000 is to be given to the allevia tion of distress in entirely new charit able channels, whioh those conversant with the matter expect will create a sensation when the details become Known, by their originality and scope. cut me preoise nature of the benefl- cenoe is Kept a closely guarded secret iur me present. When The German Government has strain given notice, and German-Americans are especially advised that who have emigrated without military duty will not be allowed to reuirin in Germany exoept under very particular oiroumstanoes. a record of whieh m,,st be kept in the War Offloe. Mr. Namikawa. iron-mnnour m" Sakaicho, Yokohama, Japan, who has oeen engaged In raisins articles frnm the United States man-of-war Oneida, whioh sank at Hashirimizu. off the coast of that country, thirty years ago, is said to be expecting to short! v fih up $400,000 in gold, which is heliport to have been on board the shi she went down. Some time ago lib raiseo f au irom tne wreck. The Marysville Fruit Paoking 'Com pany will ship to Loudon, England, a large carload of their canned fruits, a considerable quantity of whioh is put up in glass. The London buyers elected the Marysville fruit as the choicest California productions of the many offered. This shipment will be nanaioa Dy one or the leading London dealers and will be placed in hands of prominent retailers whose trade is with the most prominent families of Eng. land. A dispatch from Havana received in New York says that the insnronf. have captured Holguin, in Santiago de "" 'own is a very important one, and the news of its loss has cast a great gloom over official circles. It is reported that the victorious insur gents were those under command of Calixto Garcia, who has been operat ing with great vigor in Eastern Cuba. The news has received confirmation from letters written by Geneml ruiit Garcia, commander of the First and Second Army Corps of the Cuban army, to bis wife, who is a resident of mew xora. The London Times, m an editorial gives expression to anything butai sausueo reeling as to the Senatorial amendments to the treaty of arbitra tion. It says: "The United States Senate has done what optimists affected to believe impossible, and what cooler observers thought extremely probable. It has destroyed the arbitration treaty. It has struck a blow at the principle of arbitration itself, and at the confl deuce of the world in the American people. Its aotion strikes a note of .evity, wantonness and caprice such as is irresponsible hannilv ru-..! struck by any legislative ssseinblv." The New York World rtrinta a T..1.1. don dispatch stating that it is reported m wjun c.rcies ana in clubdom that Queen Victoria will, on her mIiii.ii from the south of France, oonfer upon William Waldorf Astor a distinction that has never been accorded to any of his countrymen. She will honor him with a visit at Cleveden. his cent oountry seat on the banks of the Thames. AocordiDif to thn Qaeen is passionately fond of and is also much inrerestnrl in oi. ----'v'v au wiuuii- culture. Astor s njatrniflfiftnt, vii tion of roses is the attraction which will draw her to Clieden. S)lA will neither dine nor sleeD there, hut t may be served. is a question that affeots the farming and manufacturing element of the State alike, and it ought to be thoroughly investigated and means adopted whreby the growing of flax for seed and fiber alike, and the nianu facture of the same would become a nourishing industry of California. Attoutlou to Poultry. Charles Colquhoun, a most successful export in varied farming, says in the Livermore Heiald: "The profits to be realized from poultry on the farm depends chiefly on location, experience and the kind of management and attention bestowed on them by the farmer. In order to give them proper attention the obick ens should be a department by them selves. A suitable location where they can have plenty of sunlight and shelter should be selected and comfortable uunuiugs, coops ana runs should be erected for them. The fowls could be easier managed by being confined in an inclosure of wire netting containing enough ground for thoir accommoda tion and use.and inside of which every thing appertaining to the deimrtmont should be placed. The full amount of eggs would then be found in the chicken house instead of being scat tered around straw stacks, horse man gers or out in the grain fields, where us we now see on mauv farms tha hu of them are gathered. In this wav tha fowls would be kept out of mischief in the garden, perhaps, and be safe from the hawks, cats, pigs and frisky coyotes on the outside. Everything nside the chicken inclosure should be kept clean, and free from vermin espe cially. The healthiest feed for the .owis i nave round to be good lump grain, vegetables of some kind, and meat whenever there are no insects for them to get. The young fowls or chicks should be kept in a senarati apartment from the older flock. I sug Best the use of incubators and brooders ior tne production of earlv hrniWa fn. - fHviva j'j.TJ. Having laid out his plans on a large uu Bjsiemauo pattern like this, any tawuc. uaviug orainary experience mm poultry ought to suooeed in get ting a remunerative return from this department of the farm." if they were well cultivated in the fall Spraying alone is not fully effective. Prabably equally effective with plowing in this d;rection is intelligent rotation of crops. This is the idea un derlying clover-sick soil. The soil gets gradually so charged with low forms or life that feed on its roots that it cannot carry a crop any more. It is the same way in principle with insects that feed on the tops in so far as the feeding part is concerned. Rotatoui breaks np the insect arrangements thus arising, and the orop in its new place uu ou giouua new to it has time to succeed for a season or more before it is rediscovered by its old insect enemy and so overrun again. And so the system of rotation that includes the pastures also is the best. Many insects that do their worst on tilled lauds hibernate on pasture lands. There is only one way of changing this and that is by a system of rotation that includes every part of the farm even the garden when at all practicable. 7000 1896 1017 car- A correspondent of thn To a Times, who has been visiting the Mex icau orange groves in the Hnrmnin, and Guavmas dist.rint v,fa n.... there need be no fear they will ever flood the United States ihere are only 1,200 acres of orange orchard in those districts and not much mum gaming can be done for lack of water. Two hundred to 250 carloads per year are the limit of shipments, and that amount is very small in compari son with the 4.000 or 5,000 carloads shipped from California. puttina iw.f 1 uftrv. A that is not in use all thn tim n nn neglect to sprinkle a few tiny bits of camphor gum in each case before roll ing it np; then if the silver ia away in a close box it will not become uisooiorea. In washing small dried fruits, such as cheiries, currants, or berries, the oest wav is 10 tum them into a oolan- aer or coarse sieve, and stand it in a deep pan of clean water. Thorougly rub the fruit between the hands, and change the water as often as needed. Finally, bold np the vessel containing the fruit and turn on cold water. Then spread on clean towels to dry. June 20th has been fixed as the day for the jubilee thanksaivino out the British dominions in eelebra-! tion of the sixtieth vear of h t I of the Qneen. 6 j Olive Growing;. It was found by Mr. M. B. Waite, a few years ago, that many well-known varieties of peara and apples are par tially or completely self-sterile, that is, their pollen is impotent to their own flowers, but potent and able to fecundate the flowers of other varieties, says J. Y.Vallance of Livermore. For .uiijue, nis report shows that the i..eu 01 rne iiartiett pear can only in a small degree feoundate its own flowers, while the same pollen com pletely fecundates the flowers of the Benrre d' Anfou pear. Not only is the orop more bountiful by cross-pol-lination, but the fruit in some oases is increased in size, thus indicating that with certain varieties of pears and w.e u ib necessary to plant other varieties with them in the same or chard to get the greatest yield of fruit. It is well known to almond on this ooast that if a cood nr, t ... be had, different varieties must be planted in the same orchard. 10 ascertain if this is the case with olives, Mr. Calkins is at present en gaged in this laudable work and as far as his limited experiments have gone is inclined to think that the olive bears more regularly if different varieties are planted in close proximity. For the purpose of cross Dolliimtin,, i ... orchard, it is essential that ti, ,; oiuom at tne same time. An important question to be oonsid ered by the intending olive planter is whether or no he has the right location for the successful and profitable grow ing of the olive. Replying to this we say that the olive adapts itself to most ocations. It stands a great deal of l "ua Sa. aeal of cold. This . u,B iroa use,r, Now for the fruit: lu localities where you have yn must plant such varie .. w.u euner ripen their fruits n, ur T,ianl naraier sorts which are not injured by frost. For instance, the fruit of the Mission variety will stand frost, without injury, which would completely spoil the fruit of the Poly, niorpha variety. Land and Sea Shipment. "Comparing 1896 with 1894," ship ments. says General Cbipnian, in his annual report to the State Board of Trade, "there was a net loss of 2247 7 carloads. The gain in 1895 over the output for 1894 was chiefly in citrus fruits. The loss in 1896 over the out put 01 loao seems quite large. Of the 4421 carloads representing the loss, 1666 carloads were citrus fruits, 861 carloads green deciduous fruits and ua oarioaas raisins. "Another noticeable feature worthy of attention is that we exported or sent out o. me state in 1893 nearly carloads of vegetables, while in me exports naa fallen to loads. "The shipments have fallen off rapidly since 1893. "I am unable to acoount for this deolme in an industry that gave such promise of benefit to the State, unless it be in part that our products are now driven out of consumption by in creased importation, the result of in adequate protection and in nntt f ... 1 general falling off in onnsnrH in the line of eoonomy of living. "I commend the subjeot to the Board as worbty of investigation iu order to discover the cause and find the remedy. "The wine and brandy industry holds its place in importance with great teuaoity. and, it is believed, is improving from year to year. "1 find no serious cause for disnnnr. agenient in the fruit industry, but ujuuu i,u euuuurage. .IT. I . . m nun sunerea in common with oiner occupations bince the hard times fell upon our oountry, but with a revival oi trade and business no in- uuhiry win leel the impulses of theim provement more quickly or more cer tainly than this. "We have boxed the difficulties as to the art of planting trees and growing fruit. There are .ew autnentio pitfalls for the in telligent orchardist in that direction. The question of possible overproduc tion continues to halt timid mi. there is much perplexity as to the 'best wemuu io marKet our irnit. the bills passed four have already been signed by the Governor, being there fore now laws. Assembly bill 26, which is now in force, is an Act making the holders ot mining properties upon unsurveyed lands in town sites preferred purchas ers. This law is intended to be of especial benefit to thfeniajler towns in the iniuing evas, where much of the unsurveyed land is valuable for mining only, having been valueless even for this purpose at the time of the issuance of the town-site patent. Assembly bill 453 amends the Act for the better protection of stockhold ers in mining corpoiations. The old law required the ratification of two-thirds of all the stockholders be fore a sale of incorporated mining prop erty could be legally made, provid ing, however, no way to properly re cord such ratification. This flaw in the law gave to searchers of titles no end of trouble. The amended Aot provides that the certificate of the Sec retary of the corporation showing the stockholders and their respective hold ings may be attached to the corporation deed of transfer and be recorded as a part of the document, thus furnishing prima facie evidence of the facts. Assembly bill 454 the first section of the so-called Felton Act. This law compelled the direnrnra of mining companies to post statements in tne omoe of such corporatons on the first Monday in each month showing receipts and disbursements for the pre ceding month, and provided a penalty of $1,000 liquidated damages at suit by stockholders for failure to comply. The new law will apply only to suoh mining stocks as may be regularly listed upon any proper mining or stock exchange. The penalty for violation is also changed from $1000 line to re moval from office of the offending directors. Assembly bill 743 is the Debris Aot which appropriates $250,000 for the construction of dams to restrain the debris caused by mining operations and natural erosion. Congress has set aside a like amount fox a similar purpose, the half-million dollars being now available. Hiuta to Housekeepers. When out flowers beoome wilted they may frequently be freshened by clipping off the ends and dipping the stems in hot water for a few moments. At the holiday season, when many kinds of cakes are being made, it is well to bake the remains of eaoh loaf cake separately in layer tins; then spread them with apple, currant or icuiuu lei.y or irostinna. Pl-. layer on top of another, not having two dark or fruit lavera gether. This makes a very nioe cake, and is another variety without extra All the tiny pieces and crusts of bread should be vi. thoi. uses are numerous. They can be made "i puuaings, stuffings for meat and .u, aim Moenent griddle cakes. Or 11 the pieces are dried in a moderate uien rouea and sifted, they are always ready to cover croquettes, goal loped dishes snd many other things. Frequently one will be annoyed by worms in the soil around the roots of the window plants. The worms may be disposed of by thoroughly wetting the earth with lime water, using about half a cup of lime to three quarts of water. Let all the lime dissolve that will, then pour off the dear water and leave the sediment. Use this water upon the soil. new it the record A mitlinn,ll ... p ri I "r water project is on h xejuuga ijanyon. above Burbank. where a company composed of Eastern capitalists and Los Angeles men are FijjnuK une development of 10.000 inches of water to spread over the terri tory in San Fernando valley. Two thousand inches of water are alruady in the company's ditches. Fall Kotatlou of Crop. plowing and the rotation of Nineteen business buildings in Bloomington. Wis., have been burned .u w.0 gronna. The fire originated in a saloon. The total loss is esti mated at $50,000, with a light insur-anoe. The Plaoerville Nugget says they nt B00d 0M from the tel of the Mammoth mine and the ten- v U...1 sua two oouoentratorg oiaxveu up March 15th. 1 were The Act known as the Sims bill, A. B. 300, is the dredger bill. It carries an appropriation of $300,000 for dredg ing the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. The friends of the measure have always olaimed that it is a min ing law in the results intended to be derived. Congress will, it is insisted, be requested to duplicate the appro priation carried by the State law for me same purpose. All of these bills have received exec utive approval and are now upon the statute books. Of the mining bills still in the hands of the Governor, A. B. 679, provides for the recording of wining notices with county instead of district recorders as heretofore. It also makes these reaordings piinia facie evidenoe of the facts stated and gives to quartz locators sixty days in whioh to definitely fix their line, and this time is allowed for the prospector to determine the course of his ledge it also requires $50 worth of work npon quartz claims and $10 worth to each twenty acres in plaoer locations within the first sixty days of the dis covery of the property. These safe guards are intended to prevent monopo ly in making mining locations and to show the good faith of rho The work required is made a necessary part of the location. Th star m; j vi vu 41111 association suggosted this law. A . Assembly mil 76!) mut.. q., . muvj ui county recorders to mining notices of location. Assembly Bill 826 provides for the appointment of a mining inspector at $4 a day and mileage at 10 oents per of M?? r? on duty- The ob of the bill is to prevent mining com panies from forcing employee into ppwdar smoke and foni ,-, ,XZ compel mining corporations to comply with existing laws. The Aot regu lates the manner of operating mines. It was passed at the behest of the Min ers' Union of Grass Valley. Assembly Bill 943 repeals the law or 1874, under whioh mineral land in gohool sections has been sold by the State The State having disposed ot all of the agricultural land in school sections the unsold State lands in these sections are located in tha ui UlliljUU (He gions where rich strikes suoh as at Randsburg may be made at any time. The object of the Act is to protect the prospector from the land shark, who may file under the law of at expense of but $5. and thus defeat the developing or otherwise working hi property. Another Senate bill repeals Act of 18 4, under whioh an assessment of ten cents has been levied upon the issuance of each certificate ot stock in any mining corporation. The new law will n is claimed, remove a restric tion from legitimate mining. . , The Chairman of the . Assembly Committee on Mine. r, xfi..t . x. U. boward of Downieville Judge , " wnuioij Who MnmBAntaJ 41.- CI.' .1 - --r-,..TOU u,t ontn aistriot, em bracing the counties of Sierra, Plumas Thi8Work is largely due the above changes in the old laws. It is reported that a number of lives have been lost in the Iowa floods. Rerurns from a shipment of eight tons of quart which the Reward Com pany of Nevada City sent to 8elby'g showed the rock to be worth nearly $400 per ton. Besides this the com pany recently milled 100 tons of rock that averaged very fair.