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FIOCBE WEEKLY RECORD,
T. J. 08BORKI. home, imcoia ss. NtValA. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. The Ucaipe valley. Ban Bernardino county, promises a splendid honey ciop (or this season. Tba Baptists of Coviua will incor porate, purchase a lot and erect a oh arch edifloe. George Brand, of Santa Barbara, oonatracta a violin of audi excellence aa to recive 500 for it. Redlanda' ioa factory ia now freex ing 100 t n a da;. It is the biggest ioe fau.urjr went of the Mississippi river. The Virginia Dale mining district in Ban Bernardino county ii producing qoantitiea of ore yielding f 100 per ton in gold. Cbarlea E. Majora, of Rochester. N. Y., agreed to build a 9200,000 smelter in Phoenix, Aria., if given a bonoa of S00 acree of land. Tba Phoenix Chamber of Commerce ia taking steps to secure the building of a large oanaigre tanniug plant by Massachusetts capital. Covins reports tbat tbe prune crcp in tbat vicinity will be almost a total failure. Many rancher will replant tbeir prune orchards to grape fruit. Association Tbe Antelope Valley will give a prize of $5 to tbe person who will gather, press and preserve tbe greatest variety of wild flowers. It ia said tbat a movement is on foot for the establishment of a col lege in Tempe under the management of tbe Congregational denomination. Work at tbe new oil wells northeast of Fullerton is progressing very satis factorily. It is tbe intention of the company to run a pipe line to Fuller ton. There are eighteen pupils in the Warner's Ranch Indian School, under tbe oharge of Mrs. Massitt. Nine pupils bave been sent to tbe Carlisle School. Tbe Pismo wharf and warehouse bave been sold to tbe Southern Pacific Company, and the Salinas Valley Lumber Company has purchased the lumber yard. Santa Ana recently sent tbe largest shipment of sheep tbat baa left South ern California for the East in years. There were 2100 bead seut to Chicago, making a full train. A poblio movement, looking to the restoration of Montezuma Castle, one ot tbe most noble and famous prehis toric ruins on tbe Amerioan continent, has been started at Flagstaff. P. J. Perrine of Winchester is con- templating the erection of a frnit drier to care for the products of bis orchard and those of his neighbors in tbe east end of tbe irrigation district. Tbe Southern California Pomological Society at its annual meeting made a complete change of officers with Ab bott Kinny as president. The next meeting will be held at Pomona. Klamath, tbe Santa Ana trotter, has been taken east by his owner, O. H. Judd, together with four other race horses. Tbe string will start the raoing season at Trinidad, Colorado. It ia proposed to bold a poultry show in Pasadena next fall. It is said the obief support of the Los Angeles shows comes from Pasadena, which leads the rasiers to think they can successfully cany out an exhibition themselves. By aotual measurement water to the depth of 109 feet is baoked up in Hemet reservoir at present. This lacks but 13 feet of being all the water the dam will bold. So far this season the company baa not used from tbe reser voir. George M. Cobb, tbe well-fcnown Riverside baseball pitcher, is organiz ing a club to participate in the Cali fornia championship tournament for the Examiner'! $1000 trophy. Santa Ana will furnish two members of the team. The proprietors of the Ostrich Farm bave generously donated a valuable parasol and cape, made from ostrich feathers, to the relief committee of the unemployed, Los Angeles. They are to be sold and tbe proceeds -given to tbe relief fund. Tbe salt making season for '97 opened at the La Punta salt works re cently, by the letting in of the waters of the briny deep to overflow the sixty aore aurfaoe of evaporating vats, four acres of which are used for the pro cess of crystallization. A farmer of South Santa Ana has discovered wild asparagus growing in abundance in tbe valley. A few years ago wild celery was discovered in tbe western portion of tbe county. Now the industry represents about $60,000, and next year will probably double this amount. Perris, Riverside county, is about to solve tbe question of water and irrigation districts and bonds by tbe aiscovery or artesian water in abund ance. Several wells lately put down adjaoent to the town and in tbe sur rounding ranch country produce good flows of water. The Ora Vista Mining Company bas shipped something over a ton of ore from its Tip Top mine in the Tauqnitz country to a prominent company in Log Angelas to bave a mill test made. This company now has about a doren men at work, and will Increase the force soon. It is tbe intention of Judge D. J. Cummings to plant cbufas upon his Bosque ranch, near Calabasas, and Consul R. R.Long bas sent to Alabama for a bnsbel of tbe note for seed for the Judge. The chufa ia a small nut wbiob grows on tbe roots of vines like tbe peanut and ia very useful for bog feed. Tbe directors of tbe San Jaointo and Pleasant Valley Irrigation district have voted to call another speoial election to vote on tbe levying of a speoial tax of $3000. Tbe proposition was voted down by so small a margin tbat it was tbongbt best to again submit it to tbe voters. Tbe water tolls in tbe district - ...... w awawl have been put at 7 cents per inch for the anmmer. The secretary has been pot on half time at $25 per month and the wages of the superintendent have been rednoed to $2 per day and of tbe xanjeros to f 1.60. j PACIFIC COAST NEWS. Important Information Gathered Around the Coast. ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST. aautmary of Lata Kveut Tbat Kolled Itatl ta Suit our Hur Header. Tbe experiment of raising oyster in Humboldt bay liaa proven very auu oeafifnl. There ia said to lie much scale on the citrus fruit trees in Lais Augeles county. Tbe deciduous fruit crop of Califor nia will fall short this year, except in peacbett. l ne steiiograpuers ol the ponce courts in San Francisco get from :iU0 to $500 a month Oscar T. Shuck has issued the tint volume of an "Historical Abstract of Han Francisco." In some parts of Tulare county this season's sheep shearing hits been given entirely to Indians at.d Chinese. Eleven thousand pounds of garden seeds were shipped from San Jose to eastern points during the pa.t week. Fresno county speculators estimate tbat 4000 carloads of raisins will be ! produced in tbat county this season F. E. Covey, the Stockton inventor, has devised a safety signal which C. 1'. Huntington says is the best ever made. A syndicate of English capitalists has started to develop some gold min ing properties in ban Jacinto district. Oil boring promises to absorb tbe entire business frontage of tbe little town of Suiiimerlaud, Santa Barbara county. The Alameda county federation of trades protest against the employment of San Francisco musicians in that county. Tbe chemist of the San Francisco Board of Health bus discovered some more flagrant adulterations of food stuffs. Eastern contractors - offer to take (825.000 of the bonds of the Linda Vista Irrigation District in San Diego county. Tbe average uumbei of patients at tbe Stockton Insane Hospital in April was 1542, at a cost of 35.9 cents per capita per day. Reports received from all fruit glowing sections of California are to ; the effect that fruit prospects were never better. ' Fowler and Hurst have sold the ex- tensiou of the Lucky Baldwin mine in 1 Harrison Gulch to F. II. Roberts of Sacramento, for f SO, 000. Last year the crop of pears in Suisun valley yielded 10,000 boxes. The crop this year will probably be between 70,000 and 90,000 boxes. " The people of Stockton have been enjoying a strawberry war. Dealers have been selling the fruit at from five to seven baskets for 25 cents. San Diego reports that Mexican oranges imported there bave been found badly infected with worms and a spread of the disease is feared. At Soquel a paper mill plant for tbe manufacture of manila paper is to be established at a cost of $10,000. The machinery ha been ordered. The Butte Reduction Works, at Butte, Mont., owned by W. A. Clark, have been almost destroyed by fire. Tbe damage is estimated at $10,000. Henry Lund, tbe Swedish consul. addressed the regents in the matter of establishing a chair at tho university for the tecobing of Norse languages. A special rate of $3.75 per ton on crude oil has gone into effect between Chiuo and Santa Barbara. This is in tended to encourage local cons a nipt ion of oil. The report of the grand lodge of In dependent Order of Odd Fellows re cently held in San Francisco, shows a loss of 13C4 members during the pust year, but an increase of $37,000. The Alvarado beet sngur factory in Alameda county has contracts cover ing 6,000 aorosof laud, with 420 farm ers. The factory management pays out annually to farmers the sum of $400,000. The prevalent opinion is that the grain crop will not amount to 70 per cent above an average yield in the State. Some dealers of Stockton think that tbeie will be a heavy output from the State. The State Board of Examiners is considering a resolution which shall compel all State institutions to koep their expense within tbe appropriation. If passed there will be much necessity for economy. The new lauudry ordinance in Ala meda forbids any one sleeping in build ings used for laundry purposes. This provision seems to be aimed at tbe Chinese, who sleep, eat and live in their laundries. lhe Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco sent a message to the house or representatives and the senate of the Lnited States urging that steps be taken to secure the appointment of a non-partisan commission to suggest legislation involving finances and the circulating medium of the country Jix-Assemblyman V. E. Bangs and K. a. Hangs of Modesto, have received word from Kalamazoo, Mich., that by the death of their stepfather, Hanry orees, on April 80tb last, tbey have been left a one-fifth interest each in bis' estate, worth from $7,000,000 to $10,000,000. The gentlemen will go East to look after their interests. Both of tbe heirs aie farmers near Modesto. Tbe estate consists of bank stocks, bonds, securities and town property in Kalamazoo. For the purposes of encampments of the National Guard and Fourth of July oelebrations at Santa Cruz about $2,300 has been subscribed. Of this amount, $600 bas been donated for the celebration ot tbe Fourth, which will be an elaborate affair. Orders bave been given to dam the rivers so MID1S BVI nat fireworks can be shown where he niival festivities were held. Th Fire Departments of surrounding town. and tbe Salinas cavalry will be invited to participate. By an agreement reached between A. A. Manthal & Co., New York de lers, and tbe directors of tbe fnrnia Wine-makers' Corporation, the sale of tbe bulk ot all California wines made last year bos been effected. It I is understood tbat the New York coin j pauy and ;alifornia dealers friendly ito tbe corporation agreed to lake 2, SOO.POG gallons of wine, with tbe iupti.jof 1,000,000 additional. Tbe avage price agTeed on is 18 cents a 'fiallon. According to goraip, this 1 agreement is not likely to cause any cessation of hostilities between the , California Wmemakeri Corporations 'composed of tbe wine-makirs of the State, and the California Wine Asso - ciation composed of tbe dealers, which have been in progress for nearly two years. As soon as the Valley Railroad is extended to Hanford so that trains can be run that far it is the expectation that there will be a big improvement in the passenger service pincipally in the limn made on the run between Stockton and 1 i,.aV(.. thr Fresno. Now the train each morning at 7:30 o'clock and reaohes Fresno at 1150. It starts back in an bour and twenty minutes, or at 1:10, and reaches Stock ton at 5:40 in the evening. The pro posed schedule will start the train from Stockton at 8 o'clock and laud it at Fresno at 11:30, catting just an hour off the running time of the train. There will be a lay-over of three hours at the raisin 3euter, and tbe train will start back at 2:30, reaching there at about 5:50. CONGRESSIONAL NOTES. Tho President has appointed Frank A. Vanderlip assistant secretary of the treasury. Tbe tobacco men of Kentucky and Ohio protest against the proposed in arcane of tax on manufactured tobacco. Tbe Senate has confirmed the follow ing nominations: William II. U. Clayton of Arkansas to be Judge of the United States Circuit Court, Cen tral district, Indian Territory; J. H. Mcrriam of Minnesota to be an assist ant paymaster in tbe Navy. The Senate Committee on Military Affuirs has decided upon a favorable report on the nomination of General Z. R. Bliss to be Major-Geueral. The President bas seut to the Senate the following nominations: Joseph Gaines to bo Attorney for the United States for the District of West Vir ginia. Charles H. Akers to be Secre tary of Arizona. Aithnr P. GreeUy of New Hampshire, now Kxaminor-iu-Chief of the Patent Office, to be Assist ant Commisioner of Patents. Thomas G. Steward of Illinois, now Prinoitml Examiner of tho Patent Oflioe, to be ExHuiiner-in-chief. The Socretury of Stato has seut to tho Senate a ptotest from the German Embassador against the provision for a discriminating duty on sugar. Km bnsasador Tbiulman says he acts under the instructions of bis Government and states that the duty cannot bo re conciled with the right of the most favored nation clause which is granted by existing treaty stipulations to Ger man products with respect to the duties to be imposed upon them on entry into the United States. He says tbe damn go which threatens German exports from tho provisions of the ponding bill are much heavier than those which resulted from the tariff law of 181)0. The Secretary of War recently asked the Attorney-General to givo an opinion whether the War Department had authority to permit the construc tion of a canal or channel from Sabine Pass to Port Arthur, Tox. A private company having large interests at Port Arthur wants to conueot tbe pass with the lake ou which Port Arthur is situ ated, a distance of eight miles, to give an outlet to the Gulf of Mexico. They represented to the Secretary that their property would be very greatly en hanced iu value if they wee allowed to construct a ship canal, but opposi tion came from a rival corporation. Secretary Alger was iu doubt as to his right to grant the authority and re ferred the matter to McKenna, who rendered an opinion. He holds that the Secretary of War has authority to grant the permit. Representative Castle of California has offered the following resolution: Whereas, for the duration of more than two years tbe people of Cuba have waged a war against Spain to secure national independence, and whereas, it bas heretofore been the established policy of the United States Government to recognize the belliger ent rights of all oppressed people strug gling for freedom, therefore be it re solved, by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress ass3mbled, that a condition of public war exists be tweon the Government of Spain and the Government proclaimed by tho people of Cuba and successfully held by organized armies, and that the United States of America shall main tain a striot neutrality between the tbe contending powers, aocording to each all the rights and privileges of belligerents in the ports and territory oi tne united States. Tbe Holland submarine torpedo boat bas been launched at tbe Crescent shipyards in Elizabethtown, N. J. The construction of the boat has been eagerly watched all over the country, .ice ooat is cylindrical in shape, is fifty-three feet three inches long, with a four-foot screw amidships and the molded diameter is the same. The boat can travel under water eight knots an bour for eight hours, and ten knots an bour on the surface. The power comes from a gasolino engine and a dynamo, the former to be used when the boat is sailing along tbe sur face, and tbe latter when she is sub merged. It will take less than a min ute to submerge the coat, and about the same length of time for her to rise to the surface. The'arniament consists of thiee torpedo tubes, which will dis charge high explosives. Six men will constitute the crew. Several foreign nations bave bid for thejvessel. but it is likely that Mr. Holland will sell her to the United States. John P. Hoi- land is the inventor of tbe boat. The beet-seed supply of the depart ment of agriculture . is exhausted. About 10,000 pounds bave been dis tributed. Indiana farmers are preparing to send a trainload of oorn to New York for shipment to famine-stricken India. (TELEGRAPHIC RESUME Things That Have Happened all Over the Country MENTIONED IN THESE PARAGRAPH: j i ,i.t,iua Tbat Will bread lntret Our Keadera Hot Old and Toang. ! Within eleven days $ 1 1.000.000 of gold bas been shipped to Europe. Nioolini, tbe husband of Adeliua Pati, the famous singer, i dangerous ly ill. The Clark redaction works, at Butte, Montana, have been almost destroyed by fire. Tbe Unirej States steamship Marion, at Honolulu, baa been declared nnsea wortliy and will be condemned. Five Austriaus were buried in a landslide caused by the Newcastle Traction Company at Newcastle, Pa. John D. Young, of Kentucky, eon of san ex-congressman, bas been sen tenced to tbe penitentiary for fifteen years for manslaughter. The supreme court of Missouri is in a deadlock over tbe settlement of the partnership estate of Murdock & Dick son, which involved more than $1,000, 000. Valuable copper deposits have been found at Union, B.C.. and ore brought to Victoria assays 13 percent in copper and as high as $30 in good. The ledge is five feet in width and easily accessi ble. Governor Black of New York has signed the so-called anti-scalpers' bill. It absolutely prohibits the selling of railroad and steamboat tickets in this State, except by agents authorized to make such sales. Chesterfield County, Va., crops have been badly damaged by a wind and hail storm which extended over an area of twelve miles. David C. Ashby re ports his vineyard ruined. Fruit trees I were badly damaged. At the second session of the Univer sal Postal Congress the whole time was the question of the admission of the three countries now remaining outside the Universal Postal Union China, Corea and tbe Orange Free State. In tbe case of .1. H. Bettis vs. The Missouri Pacific Railroad, the Court of Appeals in St. Louis handed down a decision to the effect that bicycles are not bnpgnge and tbat railroads in the State do not have to carry thorn free of oharge. The movement to seoure the adoption of a universal postal stamp by the pos tal congress at Washington, bas col lapsed. There were too many difficul ties the chief that of currencv flue tuatious in the way of adopting such a stamp. The Hope gold mine at Basin. owned principally by Senator Carter, has been ,.i i i . i uiusuu uccHuse me management was unable to pay the back wages duo to the miners. Effort is being made to reorganize the property with the aid or Chicago captalists. lhe Michigan Supieme Court has handed clown a decision declaring that jiu peisuu can oecoine surety lor more than one liqaor bond. This will! stop nie practice or large liquor dealers in necoming surety for a number of saloons, as is often the case. A test has been made between Hart ford and New Britain, Conneticut, of tne tmrd rail eletno system, wbioh was eminently successful, and which. if carried out, will revoluitonize power in railroading. A ten-milie rua was made in 18'j minutes with less jar uiau is general on a railroad car. Tbe State Miners' Bank of Colorado has failed. An assignment was made to H. H. Clark, who says the depositors mill V -J M 1 1 . . win uo pmu in mil. xne bank unum u.r . .laconi, who came from Duluth, Minn. It was started last summer just after the big fire. The capital stock is $30,000. Tbe de- posits are not large, but the amount is not stater). The following army orders have been issued: First Lieutenant Edwin B. Babbitt. Ordinance Department, will make not exoeeding two visits to Fort Point and Fort Baker, California, on omoiai Dusmess pertuining to the in stallation of the 12-inch breed-load ing rifles, and upon the completion tuereoi win return to his proper sta tion after eaoh visit. Senator Pettigrew of South Dakota has made a complaint to the Interstate Commeroe Commission of discrimina tion against Sioux Falls, in tbat State. on the part of the railroads entering the city. He charged that the roads would not give the same rate to and from the Paoifio Coast that is given Dulnth and other points further east. The Cominisison agreed to investigate tne cnarges. The Chamber of Commerce and other organizations of Cincinnati bave ap pointed a committee of ten. headed by General Andrew Hickenlooper, to go to Buffalo to secure the location there of the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republio in 898. Tbe National Encampment bas not been held there for thirty years, and a vigorous effort will be made to secure it for next year. Tbe Union Stock Yards Bank of South Omaha bas paid into the United States Court at Omaha $11,843 and interest, thus terminating a bitterly contested suit. Tbe main point in volved was the right of the bank to at tach money in the bands of a commis sion firm, which resulted from a sale of stock consigned, even . though de posited in the name of the firm. The courts held that the bank had no such right. It is thought there will be no farther damage done by the overflow of the Mississippi River. The losses in Louisiana are estimated at $1,750, 000; in Mississippi at $8,500,000, and in Atkansas at $4,250,000. or a total of $14,500,000; not as serious a loss as in many previous years of overflow, when the river was not nearly as high as it i now. Interest in Arizona mines is grow ing in the East. Tbe Pboenix papers report daily inquiries conoernlng prop erties iu the territory. FOREIGN NEWS. France and Morocco bave serious contentions tbat may bring about a war. Within three davs 90 shocks of earthquake were felt in Sooth Aus ' tralia. ; Tbe sugar crop of Cuba for the pres ' j ent year is estimated at 200,000 tons, or aboutjone-fifth of an average crop. In a railway accident in Russia six teen cars were smashed, nearly 100 soldiers were killed, and many are hurt. The powers which constitute the triple alliance have renewed their agreement for another period ot six years. Tbe condition in tbe Argentine re public is very bad. Business failures occur daily. The locusts are ravaging tbe interior provinces. Tbe Brazilian government bas been compelled to increase customs duties ten per cent and to levy a higher tax on real and personal proparty. The New York Herald's correspond ent in Rio Janeiro, Brazil, telegraphs that the new extradition treaty with tbe United States bas been signed. The John Eaton Company's depart' meut store in Toronto. CnnrU unA stock, a proximating in value about $.150,000, bas been destroyed by fire. A semi-official declaration is issued that Spain will never apron t.n fnnin mediation in the Cuban question which she regards as exclusively concerning nersell. Frosts in the department of Yonne, France, centre of the wine growing district, have severely injured tbe vines and fruits. The dam tuated at 20,000,000 franca. It ia eiDeoted that th Hlodto- f.m - mv.vbjUIVD ItUUI China will announoe their Inability to join the Postal Union. This means that the conservative influences of the empire are still opposed to the modern poNtai system. The extensive San Marcial coal fields in the State of Hermoseleo, Mexico, nave been purchased by the Southern Pacific Railwav. The coal ia tn h used on their western lines and on Pa cific Mail steamships. A dispatch to the London Daily Mail from Bombay says that the bubonio plague is making fearful ravaopa in the Cutchmandy distriot, where there nave Deen aooo deaths iu a fortnight. Half the population has fled. A railway train conveying 100 re serve trOOD8 tO MetZ. from (!nlwn. Germany, was thrown from tbe track huh twenty-eigutn persons killed. The accident was caused by the train breaking in two. tbe rear nortion snh. sequently overtaking and crashing into tne iron t part. The Government, with the view of stopping what it regards as an evasion of ti.e Bourse law of 1896, has in formed the Berlin corn and produce meronants that their meetings will hereafter be regarded as constituting them a produce exchange within the meaning of the law. The Reiobstag has adopted the first Hua secona readings or the bill intro duoed on May 13th last by the Radi cals, Socialists, Anti-Semites and Poles, which reads as follows: "Ger man associations of any kind may com bine with each other, and any laws to the contrary are hereby repealed." Amorican exhibitors have won signal nonors at the fourtb international shoe and leather fair in progress at Agricul- turni nan, London. There are over 200 exhibitors, representing the United States, South America, Australasia, Africa, India, Continental countries and Great Britain. " It has been the general concensus of opinion that the Americans hold first place in the de partments of maobinery and mecbani cal appliances, which are the most im porta nt features of the show. A dispatch to the London Times from Pekin says that the loan of 4,. 000,000 taels, which Shelg Ta Jen, the Chinese Director-General of Rail ways, bas obtained from a Belgian syn dicate on the security of railways already built in the empire and on the contract for the Belgian construction or the proposed trunk line fiom Pekin to Hankow, is in suspense owing to protests made by England and Ger many against tbe stipulation as a breach of the "ino3t favored nation" agreement. It is reoortnd that the RriHoV, nmtoo. . "--v.au v.ulDvl Powerful, said to be the largest cruiser in tne world, will soon be sent on a emulation of the recent trip of the United States crusier Columbia. The Powerful is a first-class cruiser of 14,. 200 tons and 25,000 indicated horse. power. She is 500 feet long, 7 1 feet Deam ana draws 27 feet. She is credited with a speed of 23 knots. She is a sister ship of the Terrible. She can discharge nearly 17,000 pounds, or eight tons of metal a minute. She carries a crew of 840 men. The dispute over the alleged illegal ooonpanoy of lands in Lower Califor nia, within the Mexioan domain by the Yuma Indians has broken out afresh and Minister Romero of Mexico bas made a formal complaint and called for their transfer across the line to this sido. Romero's comDlaint baa hnn investigated and a report has just been made to him by tbe Secretary of the Interior through the State Dennrtmnnt Tbe Indians are opposed to any change claiming tbat they have lived upon the lands for many years without knowing or recognizing any difference of gov ernment either Mexioan or United States. Tbey bave commissions for tbe land signed by Governor Saneni and assert that the absolute right to the lands belongs to them and refuse to leave. J. N. Rodenbnr? baa nresnntnil tho Antiquarian Societv with a histnrical arrow point. It is one which in 1871 caused the death of Theodore Pnt about four miles northeast of Presoott. Puta WSS a sheen hnrdnr anil wq killed by Indians, In preparing tbe body for burial this arrow, which saused bis death, was taken from Ma hnri and has been carefully preserved ever since untu rtooenburg turned it over to Dr. Miller for the Antiquarian Society. Tbe arrow is made from a Wntifni pink-colored stone. Tbe Sayre Institute, at T Ky., a famous educational institution! has been wrecked by Ore. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Helpful Suggestions Agriculturists. For the HINTS THAT ARE INTERESTING. Soma Oaod Advlca for lha KuralUt. A Badge f Kaowledga Tbat May Frova Bcaeflclal. Outlook fur 1'runea. The prune market ia firm, but prices remain low, considering the light supply on hand, says tbe California Fruit Grower. Very few prunes re main in growers' bands unsold, but tbe lack of demand prevent holders from moving tbeir fruit at a profit. Tbe beavy buying during the past two weeks by speculators bas concentrated stocks and caused prices to harden, while tbe present light consumptive demand is gradually cleaning up tbe market. Our advices from Eastern points indicate a quiet movement with lignt stocks. The bloom and set of fruit indicated an eaormous crop of small sized prunes, but nature bas as serted herself and tbe overburdened trees are being relieved of a portion of tbeir load. Tbe diop in some sec tions is heavy and growers are alarmed for fear the thinning by'nature's hand will result in materially reducing tbe crop. It is too early to say what tbe crop will be, but without doubt there will be a few prunes left on the trees after tbe drop ia over. Our reports are conflicting but reach us from the largest producing sections, including Sonoma, Solano and Alameda counties and tbe Santa Clara and San Joaqnin valleys. There is a "drop" every year, but growers report it heavier than nsual this year. Some sections report a very light orop of the young trees. Last season there was a light crop consider ing the number of trees in bearing, but yet we had enough prunes to go around and the price ten days ago reached the lowest point in tbe history of this industry. Tbe Santa Clara valley last season produoed lees than half a crop. Tbe sbipmetns from San Jose for tbe week ending May 1 were 406,540 pounds, and for tbe season 37,- 190,310 pounds. These figuies represent the overland movement only. Hence it is safe to plaoe the total yield of tbat valley for season of 1896 at up wards of 40,000,000 pounds. Should tbe drop turn out as bad as some pre dict and only half a crop be harvested. we will have 55,000,000 to 60,000,000 pounds to market, which under pres ent conditions will prove ample for all requirements. Fruit Transportation. Tbe announcement that the Southern Pacifio Company bas made arrange ments for establishing a fast service for fruit trains from Sacramento to Chicago, New York, Boston and all the principal shipping centers of the East, will be in the highest degree gratifying not only to our fruit shippers, but to tbe people of California gener ally, says the S. F. Call. The imprcve. ment is likely to be of immense bene fit to the State in many ways, and it is to be hoped the experiment will prove so successful as to lead to further improvements in the same direction hereafter. The object of the scheme as announoed is to ship trait from Sacramento between 6 a. m. and mid night and land it in Chicago within about 125 hours, so that it will arrive thereat 3 a. m., or in New York at tbe same hour a day later, thus enab ling auctioneers to get it unloaded and catalogued ready for sale on tho day of arrival. This will mean au immense gain in the value of the fruit, and will result in securing for our shippers much better prices than they have ob tained lately. Reports from all parts of the State show tbat there is now every prospect of a good fruit crop, and as thoie in tbe East seem to have been largely damaged by frost the chances are tbat tbe demand in tbe Eastern market for our products of this kind will be exoeptionably good. The improved schedule of freight eervioe is therefore a most opportune one, both for the Cal ifornia shipper and for the Eastern con sumer. It offers to us an opportunity to make a larger fijjnre than ever in the Eastern fruit market and to obtain there advantages which it will be our own fault if we do not make perma nent. CroM Pollination. Experiments bave shown that ornla are more inclined to be self-sterile than peas, in most cases no frnit at all r suiting from self-oollination. A omer conclusions arrived at. it found that the impotenoy of the pollen ia not due to anv definiennv of ita nun, but to lack of affinity between the - -- " , pollen and tbe ovules of tbe same variety. The nollen nf tarn variaHaa may De absolutely self-sterile and at the same time perfeotlr oross-fertile. The state of nutrition of the tree and its general environment affects its ability to set fruit either with its own pollen or with that of another tree. Bad weather during flowerins time naa a aeoidediy injurious influence ou fruitage bv kenninc away Inanot. via!. n ' . . ii . - tors and also by affecting tbe fecunda tion ox tne owners; conversely, fine weather favors oross-nolliiiatinn nA the settling of trait. It is suggested, in view nf all this tbat tolid blocks nf treea nf nn r,n variety should not be planted, or, if tney are, then an occasional row should be grafted Over tO Some nnnti variety aa here indicated, or such as observation or experience has shown to be able to fertilize thn vni-intn t desired to cnltivate. Every fourth or fifth row should be of such cross-pollinating variety. Bees are nf as pollen oarrying agents, and it is also an advantage to have windbreaks whore an orchard ia vajnfDU V encourage the visits of insects. Kaatern Fruit Cropa. All fruit circles East and Want disoussiug tbe serious inroads made by iivi into oronaru prospects in the Eastern and Southern Statea. v,c nrat tress, i uere are a host of state ments on the subject, bat no exoeption made to the reports of injury; it is only question ot how sweeping tbe damage really is. Probably no account 1 more intelligible than that author iaed by C. F. Smurr, general freight 1 .. j . agent of tbe Southern Paoifio Com. pany, who ia in receipts of advice from the East which indicate that frosts bave destroyed 90 per cent of the Georgia peach and berry crop, 80 per cent of the Delaware crop and about two-tbirdsof tbe Maryland crop. Additional items are tbat, while espe cial stress is laid on tbe injury to peach orcnaroa, au summer iruita have suffered alike. Early berry blossoms, especially strawberries, are entirely destroyed. All early vegetables in tbe zone of tbe free were cut down hnt many will come up again or be re placed with later varieties. It is itated tbat the Michigan fruit TP 7 inn. are all right, bat their product, in the face of tbe other losses, will do hnt little to reduce the vast fruit shortage at tbe East. Of coarse the fisrt deduction is that unusually large quantities of California fruits will be called for this year and tbat prices are likely to be a sain profitable as tbey were seven years ago. ui me caiiiorma crop it may be safely said tbat it is not likely to be so large as was anticipated in the miri.wintar Tbe spring weather has not been favor. awe. we, toa, have had frosts, and other conditions bave thinned out the crop. Care should be taken tbat the California crop is not overestimated. Reports are that serious dropping is going on in all regions. We shall probably have a good lot of fruit, but according to present indications, both east and west, we shall not have any more than will be wanted at good prices. Grape Fruit. Writing of the desirable varieties of grape-fruit. C. B. Hewitt writes: Marsh's seedless variety, as well as the Leonardy, which bas seeds, but is of a very fine texture and flavor, having a very thin smooth rind, will certainly take the lead with grape fruit, as tbe navel does with the orange. I have planted several hundred of these two varieties some four yeara ago, having cut the buds from the old original trees in Florida and budded the stock myself and in that way ob tained that which was true to name. I spent several winters traveling over the State of Florida looking np tbe grape fruit, and know what 1 am talk ing about when I say tbat thsee two variaties mentioned are bound to take tbe lead over all others. The Anrantum, or sweet rind, is of an extremely fine flavor, but being crossed between the orange and tbe grape fruit, bas none of the medicinal qualities of the other varieties, while the seedless and Leonardy are not of an extremely bitter, they have enough in tbe rind and lining to tone up tbe pulp, and enough for all medicinal purposes, at tbe same time have a better flavor than any of the other varieties I have ever tasted. The seedless will be apt to take the lead on account of its being free from seeds, although the Leonardy has a little the better flavor. The Farm of the Future. Very near the ideal farm, the farm of the future, ia one described in an official report to the State Department by United States Consul Math at Madgebnrg. This is probably the most perfect illustration of the advantages of the liberal use of electricity in farm ing operations, and because of the highly successful workings of the eleo trio system the Consul bas ever Been fit to include in his report many de tails of the character of the plant, the first cost, operating expenses, and com parative economy over the use of steam power. The particular farm de scribed is located in Mecklenburg, and a small brook furnished all of the power needed to run the farmers' dynamos, which in turn drive all of bis farm machinery, pump his water, and light his bouse and outbuildings. Every operation for which steam or horse power was formerly used is now performed as well or better by this eleotrio plant, which has also the ad vantage of being always ready for any call upon it. The brook ia dammed.and with a six-foot fall drives an eighteen-horse-power turbine, tbe prime mover in the enrnnit nf ma chinery. Planting; Mlxeil Orchards. Exhaustive experiments conducted by the Department of Agriculture show the necessity of cross-pollination in most orchards. The net results of long, careful and costly experiments by the department are summed np in tbe following praotioal conclusions-. 1. Plant mixed orchards, or at least avoid planting solid blocks of one variety. It is not desirable to have more than three or four rows of one variety together, unless experience has shown it to be perfectly self-fertile. 2. Where large blocks of trees of one variety which blossomed well bave failed to fruit for a series of years without any apparent reason, it is ex oeedingly probable that the failure is due to lack of cross-pollination. The remedy is to graft in other varieties and supply foreign pallon. 3. Be sure tbat there are sufficient bees in the neighborhood, of within two or three miles, to properly visit the blossoms. When feasible, en deavor to favor insect visits to the blossoms by sheltered situations, or by planting windbreaks. The tremendous hnilriiirr t. 'ft " v lug new beet sugar factory at Alamitos, aDout thirty miles from Los Angeles, near Long Beaoh. and the placing of machinery has been uoiumeucea. Dully 8,500 acres with a large cron of beets will Vm o. tbe opening of work at tbe factory, wbiob. it is expected, will be some time within the first July. W. A. Clark and J. R. nirt are the largest stockholders, and have, made a radical departure in equipping? the big factory. In the Snit Whinh nrna i. . v .1 - unitod States against the Bell Tele- phone Comnanv fn tho tt;; the laBt Berliner patent. Justioe Brew r, of the Supreme Court, rendered a decision on May 10 in favor of the Telephone Company, wbioh virtually gives it control nf tv,a .i 1 Ing until the year 1908. The snit bas attractod wide attention, because of the extensive interests involved. A crockery firm and a wnnl.nnmmi. ion Arm failed In Boston in one day.