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riBSRS, UIC8U c. ItVMA HARRISON'S VIEW. Any Country Save Spain Would Cry "Enough." OBSTINACY IK THE FACE OF DISASTER Th lwir the War Between th t'nltod HUM and Spain lull the Ulr Will B Spain's slnmlllallon. New York. Ex-President Harrison, in an interview regarding Heneral Torsi's surrender, said: "Whether the fall of Santiago will lead to peace proposals on the part of Spain is a difficult matter to oonjocture upon at this moment. Spain in not a country you can reason with, except by force. Now, if it were any other coun try than 8pain with which we were at war, I would have no hesitation in say ing that an event snch aa hapened the otber day in the face of the previous disasters, Would mean the cessation of hostilities. Another thing one has to consider in discussing the probability of peace ia the peculiar position Spain is in. From the beginning her Gov ernment had lo make the choice le- tween foreign or civil war. That was the alternative left to her and the chose foreign war. The question of peace now turns mainly upon the situation in Spanish politics. Impoverished and disheartened hy the reverses they have sustained, I think that if the Spanish Ministry could depend upon the army at home to put down any insurrection that might arise, they would at once sue for peace. By continuing the war, Spain is only invtiing further disaster. Her navy has been destroyed. Bhe is no longer a naval power. Nothing she has left could even cope with a detach ment of onr fleet. Camara would be wiped out by a small squadron of our ships as completely s was Cervera. Without ships to defend them, all her possessions and even all her home porta are open to capture or destruction hy our navy. In the faoe of these condi tions it is difficult to see what other course can be taken by Spain than to ask for peace. "In any event, the subjection of SPAIN'S COAST TO BE THREATENED BY WATSO.V. ; s . , j Cuba is simply a question of time. While further resistance may be made, it ia more apparent than ever that there can be but one issue to the war. Moreover, the successive great losses Spain has suffered tend to make the home situation easier for the Span ish Government. These losses make the people over there realise the utter hopelessness of the struggle and will open their eyes to the fact that the longer the war is protracted the greater will be their humiliation." General Harrison declined to give an opinion aa to the policy the Govern ment should adopt in the matter of re taining the Philippines and other con quered Spanish possessions. It would be invidious, he said, for him to dis eusa any subject which would become a part of the peace nogtiations. GERMANY NOT IN SEARCH OF TROUBLE. K to tenant Jfado That tha Cablaat De si to Beiuaia Frleadly With tha Halted States. London. The Berlin correspondent of the Daily News, suggesting the pos sibility that friction between - the Foreign Office and the Admiralty as a result of the Irene incident, Bays: "Nothing, I know positively, would be more inconvenient and disagreeable to the German Cabinet than trouble with the United States. ' A letter from Manila is going the rounds of the press here, ridiculing as grossly exaggerated the reports of the savagery of the insurgents. Thomas Gibson Bowles, Conservative member of Parliament for Kings Inn, in the House of Commons will ask the First Lord of the Admiralty, G. J. Goschen, whether there ia any truth in the statement made by Cunningham Graham, former member of Parlia ment, in a letter to the St. James Gazette, that the excel Innt exhibited bv Admiral Deweva' annadmn in the fight at Cavite was due to the fact that, in the words of Cunningham Graham, "most of the gunners were Englishmen decoyed from our Chinese squadron oy prmisesol .100 monthly." Hut Bo BtaaiMMl By tha leader. Washington. The Commissioner of Internal Kevenue has decided that all telegraph measagea must under the law, be stamped by the sender. This decision Was made upon the request of Western Union officials in New York, who had asked for a ruling. The outside of the butter package should always present a clean, tasly and inviting appearance, that the at tention of the buyer may be drawn to ftmin, crew and agents made a vigorous pro ... ft 1. teat. Dot It was no neeuea. vurer easels were also searched, but nothing was found. Aguinaldo has an ample supply of . , . , .1 i rifles am ammunition, two mousano riflea were sent to him from here, Dewey gave mm ouuu ana ne nu cap tured nearly 6000 more. He will also be given further aid from here. The junta is well provided with money, and there is another circle of insur ant mliirh claims to have 1100.000 raised for the cause. The insurgents will render valuable services to the Americans. When the campaign t.ui wea tiitt annreciflted. 1 uyrimi n'"" - - .. - -r ! Deaev thought them unreliable and oueat oned their strength. Mnsm had faith in them. and in the early council lefore Manila was their persiHteiit champion. ARMS SEIZED AT HONGKONG lana aad AHinaallla for Aguiealde Are Taken. Hongkong. A large amount of arms and ammunition intended for ship ment to the insurgents on the steamer Paslg have been seised hy the harbor police, and will probably be couus- cated. The owners oi me seizeu pnier tv. said to le the firm of Spitzel & Co. of Shanghai and an American named W. Sylvester, may lie able to secure its release, but t he local government a in ' tuko care Uiut the goods are not shiped 1 to the Philippines. Borne weeks ago 3000 rifles and a large amount of ammunition were sent from this liort and successfully deliv ered to Aguinaldo. The success of the venture created a desiro to emulate the example in other daring business men, and also stirred up the vigilance of the manv Spanish spies here. The sale of the little steamer I'asig for f 37, 000, a figure lwyond her value, was the first circumstance to excite suspicion, and she was carefully watched. Her managers applied for jiermiHsion to carry a cargo of arms to Tien-tsin for the Chinese Government, and the jer mit was granted. It ia claimed that later a variance between the character of cargo the vessel was taking and the kind she had a right to take wis discovered, and the harbor police took possesion of the lighters alongside of the craft and also the cargo which she had on board. The SAFE HAVEN FOR INSURGENTS. Refugees Who Crowd Hongkong aad Who Plot Against the Spanish. Hongkong. Hongkong is thronged just now with refugee insurgents, who fled from the Philippines before Dewey sank the Spanish fleet, and who have been unnble to rejoin the victorious Aguinaldo and his followers. They are all active In extending assistance to their fellows in the field and have succeeded many times in eluding the vigilance of the officers charged with the task of preserving Britain's neu trality and the Spaniards sent here to spy upon them. One of the most picturesque charac ter among the number is Manuel Unix y Benera. There is a price upon the head of Benera, but the reward prom ises to go long unearned. Benera, a sergeant in the Spanish regulars, was fired by the story of the struggle of the Philippines for liberty, and when he voluntered for foreign service it was with the fixed purpose of deserting at Manila. He carried out his desperate plan and fought with Aguinaldo for freedom. The wholesale bribing of insurgent leaders as was almost a deathblow to the cause, and Benera was forced to flee. He enjoys the best the cosmo politan Hongkong can afford and tiring of the comparatively quiet existence plana an early return to the field. Benera and his friends pay but little attention to the spies who dog their steps. The latter are not taken seri ously. They hung about the American Consulate for weeks, and it was not until they intruded upon the grounds and began peering through doors that Consul Wildinan asked the local police to disperse thein. Their actiona here are most remark able. They seem to have very elabo rate wardrobes, and to disguise them selves they change costumes. Your correspondent, in common with other Americans, has been honored with silent society at odd times, but the ex perience is more amusing than any thing else. There ia work here, for me secret agenta of Spain, for the China coast offers the insurgent every opportunity that he desires, yet the spies seem to have failed signally in the mission that brought them to Hongkong. Cahlo Caa tract Signed. Honolulu. The cable bill which was passed by both Senate and House of the Hawaiian IBilpinw. ..:. to the Pacific Cable Company the right io lay anu operate a cable between the United States and these islands anl these islands and Janan. failed In re ceive the approval of President Dole and so did not become a law. In its place the Executive has signed a con tract with the Servmaer Comoan tinder an old law tor such a cable. The contract names Ban Dieiro aa the start. log point on the Pacific Coast, OPEN TO. OUR SHIPS. Launches From the Fleet Re move the Channel Mine. OLD MORRO'S FLAG COMES DOWN. Tha Had Croaa Hlenmer Hlala mt Iiu Fneeo Into the Bap Manipoon'e riaaa Fraetralad fcjr abafter'a Trneo. Playa Del Eete. At the hour of the formal surrender of the 10,000 troops at Santiago, and the 10,000 others in the district of Eastern Cuba, the Span ish flag was lowered f mm Morro Castle. Steam launches from the New York, Brooklyn and Vixen entered the harUir and examined the batteries, the wreck of the Merritnac and the sunken Span ish cruiser Reina Mercedes ami the toredo tiring station. They discovered six Spanish mer chant steamers and one small gunboat in the harlior, and a prize crew was placed upon the latter. The torjiedoes were taken up or exploded, after which the Red Cross steamer State of Texas entered to give attendance to the sick and wi.tinded in the city. The war ships may not enter the har Ixir for several days, prolahly not until after the arrangements have leen com pleted for transporting the Spanish prisoners to Spain. Nearly all of the American men-of-war are now in Goantanamo bav. Off Sanitago. The news that the surrender of Santiago was an accom plished fact was wig-wagged from the Army signal station at Aguadores to the flagnhip New York. Acting on General Bhafter's messages, which stated absolutely that Santiago had al ready surrendered, Ilenr-Admiral Samp son abandoned all preparations for en tering Santiago hirhor and a further bombardment. When General Shafter said that a hitch had occurred and the city might have to be taken hy force of arms, it was believed that the Navy work would have to he continued and the harbor forced, and that the arrangements al ready in progress for further campaign ing would be seriously interfered with. The removal of this contingency ren dered the news of final victory doubly welcome. Throughout the campaign before San tiago, owing to the poor facilities of communication and utter inability to see from the ships what was going on behind the hills, there has been some lack of co-operation lietween the Army and Navy. It is now known that twice since Admiral Sampson's jwnnant has flown outside Morro Castle an expedi tion to blow up the mines in Santiago harbor has Iwn almost ready to add another chapter to the annals of Amer ican naval heroism. The first time this was frustrated by Admiral Cer vera'f dash, and the second by the truce which General Shafter arranged with Genearl Linares. BIG DEMAND FOR THE BONDS. Ona and a Ouartar Billion Dollars tha Total Hum OHarad. Washington. Assistant Secretary Vanderlip said corrected figures show that the total subscriptions to the war bond issue amount in round numbers, including evndicate bids, to 11,305, 000,000. Mr. Vanderlip states that those sub scriptions for amounts below $5000 will be allotted, those for exactly that amount will be awarded part of it, and the subscriptions for amounts above 500 will total, 1770,000,000. In speaking of the bond issue Secre tary Gage said the first issue of the bonds would be made on the 2(lth of the present month and from that time forward shipments would be made up to the full capacity of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. In due course the successful sub scribers will le officially advised of the acceptance of their subscriptions and all those fortunate ones ought to re ceive such advices by August 1 or at the latest, for the most remote points, by August 5. The official notice will cover full par ticulars as to how to make payment, and thus misunderstanding and de rangement will be avoided. WAR TAX DECISION S . Two Vardlets of Bparlal Interest to Bank. Washington. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue has held that in esti mating the amount of special tax re quired to be paid by a bank based, as tne law requires, on capital and sur plus, the amount invested in United States bonds is not to be deduoted. It is held that there is no provision of law winch warrants such deduction. inasmuch as the tax is not on the bonds, but upon the business of bank ing, the capital and surplus, which may include bonds, is taken as a basi s for fixing the amount of the tax. The Commissioner has held that re ceipts used as checks to draw money from banks are subject to the stamp tax. It is said that several banks.in order to avoid the stamp tax, are accepting re ciepts for cash, which, according to the letter of the law, are exempt. The Commissioner, however, has de cided that under these circumstances receipts are to all intents and pur poses checks, and, therefore, must be stamped. Kngland Losing Trade Bar. London. The report of Welleslev Moore, the British Vice-Consul at San Francisco, on the trade of California has been published here. It warns British manufacturers that the Ger mans and Belgians are ousting: them because the British manufacturers do not take the trouble to study the re quirements of the local market. Chlfcoao Werthv of Cltlaaaahln. Washington. The State Department posts a bulletin stating that Admiral uewey pays a high tribute to the Ch Dese on hoard thn American shina ----- - f" - the battle of Manila and suggests that mey should receive recognition by be ing maue cuizeus oi tne united mates. Caaiara Kaaraee Spala'a Coaat. London. The Madrid correspond of the Standard says: Admiral lent Ca- mara's squadron and his transports wove uniiiy readied (Spanish Met ranean ports on their return from Said. iter- Port AN INTERESTING CAPITAL. oaio Pbaaoa mt Life la It. Plarra, la tha 7 ranch Colony of Martial.. Bt. Pierre, tbe capital of the French rolony of Martinique to tbe West In dies, Is aa Interesting place. Its streets run parallel and at right angles with tbe bay. and down tbe steep oue ruu swift streams, coming from tbe moun tain rivers diverted from tbelr couraec. These streams are the chief reason a by tbe town la so comparatively bealtny, for tney scour tbe gutter. I'lean tbe rroaswalka, and carry sll refuse Into tbe sea. Tbey furuiab jets for innumerable fountains In en trancing gardeus, wbere flowers flour ish by millions and birds fill the air with song. Tbey are turned on every mornlug at daybreak, aud just as tlm day dawns there Issue forth from thou tsuds of bouses processions of slop-carriers, wbo dump the contents of I heir tars luio the swiftly flowing brook uid later on wash tbe breakfast dishes and tbe babies In the same turbid cur rents. Sometimes a dUb I carried away, again a baby slips from Its nurse's grip, and Is swiftly swept downward, amid great confusion aud outcries from tbe pamerby. If either Is recovered. It I geuerally Id a daiu aged coudltlon, and not immediately presentable. Perhaps there I no spot In the West Indies wbere the costumes of the peo ple are so picturesque that Is. of tbe "common clases"partlculsrly of the quadroons and octoroon of ihe gentler ex. Tbey delight In color, so they riot lu It aud wear gorgeous bandana tur blns. decorated with valuable brooch es, plus, etc.. of solid gold. lu their ears they sport Immense hoops aud fasces of golden cylinders, sometimes worth flMtl a paid, aud the headgear of a belle of Ibis sort I often worth t.rKl. A Memory. How dear to Ibis heart are the old-fanh-ioued dre s. When fuud ret olivet inn presents them lo view! la fsucy 1 ee the old wardrobes and premtea Which held the loved gon u that in girl hood I knew. The wide spreading mohair, the silk that hung by it; Tbe straw-colored satin with trimming!, of brown; Tbe ruffled foulanl, the piuk organdie nigh it, - But, oh, for the pocket that hung in each gowu! The old fashioned pocket, the obsolete pocket, The praineworthT pocket that hung ia each gown. That dear, roomy pocket I'd hail ns a treasure Could 1 but behold It iu gowns of to-day; I'd Hod It the toiiree of an exquisite pleas ure, But all my modistes sternly answer me "Nay:" 'Twoold be so convenient when going out hopping, 'Twonld bold my small purchases com ing from town; And always my purse or my 'kerchief I'm dropping Oh, me, for the pocket that hung in my gowu, ' The old-fashioned pocket, the obsolete pocket, The praiseworthy pocket that hung in my gowu. K gown with a pocket! How fondly I'd guard it! Each day ere I'd don It I'd brush it with care; Not a full Paris costume could make mt discard it, . Though trimmed with the laces an em press might wear. But I have no hope, for the fashion Is banished; Tbe tear of regret will my fond visions drown;' As fancy reverts to tbe days that have vanished, I sigh for tbe pocket that hung in my gown. The old-fashioned pocket, the obsolet pockst, The praiseworthy pocket that bung Id my gown. -Life. j Ten Facta About Flags. To "strike the flag" Is to lower the national colors In submission. Flags are used as the symbol of rank and command, the officers using them being called "flag officers. " Such flags are square, to distinguish them from other bauners. A "flag of truce" Is a white flag, dla played to an enemy to Indicate a desire for parley or consultation. The white flag la the sign of peace. After a battle, parties from both sides often go out to the Held to rescue the wounded or bury the dead under the protection of the white flag. The red flag la the sign of defiance, and is often used by revolutionists. Iu our service It Is a mark of dauger, and shows a vessel to be receiving or dis charging her powder. The black flag Is a sign of piracy. The yellow flag shows a vessel to be In quarantine, or Is the sign of a con tagious disease. A flag at half mast means mourning. Fishing and other vessels return with a flag at half mast to announce the losr or death of some of their crew. Dipping tbe flag la lowering It slight ly and then hoisting It again, to salute a vessel or fort. If the President of the United States goes afloat, the American flag Is car rled lo the bow of his barge, or hoisted at the main of tha vessel on board of which he Is. Mayor of London's Chariot, The lord mayor of London's ride In his gilded coach costs money. The chariot is used only at the Installation of the mayor and when he pays state visits, aud aa Victoria Is not partial to tat visits the average mayor gets but on ride In tbe glided coach. Neverthe less, It costs $623 a year to keep the gold coach In order. It weighs four tons and was built In 1757, long before carriage springs were In general use. The body hangs on four straps technl cally named brace and the sensation of riding In tbe old coach Is exactly Uk that of being rocked In a cradle. Barled for SOO Years. A bronse arquebus fished out of Brest harbor during recent dredging operations was In a perfect state of preservation, though It had lain In tha water for over 800 years. Richest Frio for a Foam. im nignesi price ever paid for a poem was 0,000 golden crowns paid to Sannaxaro by the cttlxens of Venice for his eulogy on their clty-a posui of sly FACTS FOR FARMERS. Helpful SartetUoas For tbe Agriculturists. HIHTS THAT ARE INTERESTING. Sons Geo Advlea far tho Karalleta A Badges of Kaawledg That May Fro Benelalnl. Crystalllslag Frail. In reply to an inquiry, the Pacific Rural Press says: "We do not know of any satisfactory publication covering the details of such manufacturing. There is very much that can only be learned by exerience and const itutrs the trade secrets of manufacturers. The general theory, and an outline of practice, was recently given by J. J. Pratt of the Yuba City cannery, as fallows: "The theory ia to extract the juice from the fruit and replace it with sugar syrup, which, upon hardening, pre serves the fruit from decay, and at the same time retains the natural shape of the fruit. All kinds of fruit are capable of being preserved under this process. Though the method is very simple, there is a certain skill required that is acquired only by practice. Sev eral successive steps in the process are as follows: "First, the same care in selecting and grading the fruit should be taken as for canning; that is, the fruit fhould be all of one size, and as near the same rien ss as possible. The exact degree of ripeness is of grest iinMrtance, which is at that stage when fruit is best for canning. Peaches, pears, etc., are pared and cut in halves, as for can ning; plums, cherries, etc., are pitted, i The fruit, having thus been carefully prepared, is put in a basket, or a bucket with a perforated bottom, and immersed in boiling water. Tbe object of this is to dilute and extract the juice of the fruit. The length of time the fruit is immersed is-the most im portant part of the process. If left too long it is overlooked and becomes soft; if not immersed long enough, the juice is not sufficiently extracted, which pre vents a perfect absorption of the sugar. "After tbe fruit has been thug scalded and allowed to cool, it can be assorted as to softness. The next step is the syrup, which is made of white sugar and water. The softer the fruit the heavier the syrup required. Or dinarily about TO deg., Ballings saecharometer, is about the proper weight for the syrup. The fruit is then placed in earthen pans and covered with the syrup, where it is left to remain about a week. The sugar enters the fruit and displaoes what juice remained after the scalJing process. The fruit now requires careful watching, as fermentation will soon take place, and when this has reached certain stage the fruit and syrup are- heated to a boiling degree, which checks the fermentation. The heating process should be repeated as often as necessary for about six weeks. "The fruit is then taken out of the syrup and washed in clean water, and it is then ready to be either glaced or crystallized, as he operator may wish. If glaced, th fruit is dipped in thick sugar syrup, and left to harden quickly in open air. If it is to be crystallized, dip in the same kind of syrup, but is made to cool and harden slowly, thus causing the sugar which covers the fruit to crystallize. The fruit is now ready for shipping. Fruit thus pre pared will keep in any climate and stand transportation." Kirklng 1 Dairy Cows. My experience with the cow born with an instinct for kicking is that she can never be thoroughly cured. Some times a heifer will try to kick the milker away when she is not well broken to milk. Her bag and teats are then tender and it is not difficult to understand why she should do her best to escape the ordeal of milking. Some men have so little sympathy with a heifer at this period that they hurt the udder unnecessarily, and pretty soon the habit of kicking may have been formed. With care, however, the tendency to kiok may be overoome and will never reappear. But there are some cows which seem to lie bom kickers. Rome eight years ago I bought a very good-looking oow six years old. The owner told me she was gentle at times. She would come tip in the lot to be fondled and was a great favorite with the children. But the same spring I bought her, and before she had come in, she would stand in the stable and kick 'with both hind feet at the cows each'side of her, using first one foot and then the other. I thought it might be because she was in a strange place and that she would, lie all right when she became used to her quarters. But this was not true. For some days she would be per fectly quiet, then without warning her legs would fly. She was a strong cow, and things moved when she kicked. 1 tried the plan of tying a rope about her body just in front of the bag, and as long as the rope was kept on she was quiet. As soon as the rope was left off, trouble was likely to begin at any time. I never was sure that I would get away with my pail of milk. After a thorough trial, running through a number of years, I became convinoed that she was incurable and disposed of her to the butcher. This cow raised several heifer calves while I had her, and every one of them was light footed. Right down through the whole race that fsult extended. I have gradually weeded them out until I have only one two-year-old heifer left. She is half Jersey and gives promsie ot being an extra cow; but if she develops the habit of kicking she will go; for of all demoralizing things in a dairy a kicking cow takes the lead. Life is too short to spend break, ing kicking cows. There are just as good cows which do not kiok, aud why not have them E. L. Vincent, iu Western Agriculturist. ' Th rarui Cardan. The farmer who neglects the garden and fails to grow an ample supply of vegetables for the use of his family falls short ot his plain duty. A diet ol which meat Is tbe principal part is not wholesome, and those wbo dwell in cities and towns know this and eat largely of vegetable foods whlls too many farmers' families live tbe year through on pork, beef, bread and pota toes. The fanner can consume more pork and other meat than almost any other man. hcaiiM he works hard in SiC nlXKSiVV.t.ori is Busy Outfittint Hi, house most of the time. Oi ail men i the farmer should be tbe last to suffer i from rheumatism, dyspepsia and oilier diseases that arise from bail blood. A diet composed largely of vegetables in sures immunity from sll such diseases yet tbey are very prevalent in the ; families of the farms of this country. There is hardly a single one of the vegetables that is not medicine as well as food. In the spring comes aspara gus, first of all, which is a sovereign remedy for kidney complaints, all of which arise from the presence of a particular acid in the blood. Soon after come the various greens that grow j abundantly in country places, and j later the berries anil fruits which purify the blood and invigorate the ' system, at a time in the year when the S hot weather enervates ami makes Ian- i guid those who labor out of door. " i. "g , celery, tomatoes sll possess important j medicinal virtues and all come at a j lone in uitj rear wnen ae neeu a cool ing and blood purifying diet. During cold weather we can consume quantities ot fat meat with benefit, because fats used ss food produce heat and help us to withstand cold, but with the tem perature as high as it gyts in this coun try during the summer, we really need but little meat, and vegetables are all that we need to supply us with Btiengh lo perform the heaviest tasks. If the meats consumed in summer were mostly mutton or poultry, with eggs we would be better off than we are as consumers ners of so much fat pork, but of these take the place of an nn-1 , , , , . 1 . ,i . 1 d supply of fresh vegetables and ! none nmitea supply oi iresn vegetables an fruits such as any farmer in the land may produce at the cost of a small amount of labor devoted to their culti vation. Faro-Bred Poultry. The improved breeds of poultry have been quite as important in the success of poultry on the farm as in the farm stock, and it is quite as important to keep the breeds pure. James Denison, In the Ohio Poetry Journal, says: "I see a great many articles from different writers in regard to crosses for broilers, roasters, eto. Now I would ask in all candor, what in the use of crossing, anyway? Is there any cross any better for a broiler, than a nice young yellow-legged Barred Ply mouth Rock, White or Silver Wyan dotte ? Or, what cross makes a better roaster than a full-grown Barred Rock pullet or Silver Wyandotte? I helped to devour a breast less than a month agoof a Barrtd Rock pullet.pure Pitkin strain, March hutch; a little off in color, but she dressed seven and one half jiounds when ready for the pan; and a silver Wyandotte cockerel, same age, same weight. Now I honestly Ueiieve mat they were equal, if not superior to any cross. It is claimed by some that crosses are healthier and stronger than the pure breeds. That is not necessarily the as if your pure breeds are not too closely inbred. In crossing you hardly ever breed birds that are related; but mate your pure breeds properly and they will be (just as strong and matures just as early as the crosses. "If you want a heavier roaster what is wrong witli a pure Indian (in mo, a mature Light Brahma or Black Cochin, that are well bred, with a good yellow skin not an ungainly, leggy, ill-bred bird, but one properly bred for the purpose. "Perhaps I am a little radical on this crossing business, but really I do not think it necessary to go beyond pure-bred varieties for any kind of a utility fowl you may want for either laying purposes, broilers or roasters." rot a to Cultivation. Planting a field of potatoes involves considerable expense for labor and seed, and puts the farmer under obligations to give the crop good and prompt care. With this crop promptness is more im portant than with almost any other. A single day's neglect may cause a loss ot several dollars an acre. The weeds and the beetles are ever at work. Both size and quality of potatoes depend upon the foliage. It is through the leaves that the crop gets the carbon which in the juices of the potato turns to starch. Beetles and their larva; may be attended to next week, but after the foliage has been half eaten up the crop cannot be expected to amount to very much. They must ever eat some of the leaves to get poison enough to kill them. The most careful cultiva tors prefer hand picking from tbe be. ginning of the season. Dairy Notoa. There really is not care enough or pains enough taken by the average patrons of the creameries in handling the milk. All milk should be strained and aerated, no matter whether it is for the factory.or .turhome consump tion, j is given by a man who speaks from ex perience. Make a brine of the strength used for curing meat and with a soft oloth or sponge swab internally. Then take a sheet or hemp carpet, dip in a tub of strong brine well and fold sev eral thicknesses so that the brine will be retained as long as four or five hours, and place over the loins. The water used for both internal and ex. ternal treatment should be fresh from the well. If the swabbing is done in a proper manner and promptly and the pack kept in place for a tew hours the cow gets well every time. We would suggest, however, as fat cows are more liable to an attack of this fever, that corn should not be fed in any form for three or lour weeks before and a week or ten days after calvins. The albuminoids, fata and carbohy drates of from fonr elements or sources. Albuminoids only of the three contain nitrogen. Four-fifths ol the atmos phere everywhere maybe termed nitro gen. The albuminoids contain 18 per oent ot it, and it we can grow any sort ot plant that will glean it from the at mosphere, and niako it palatable for live stock, then we may nse the nitro gen from the atmosphere; through the plant first, and the domestio animal afterwards, for the use of man. There are various treatments for milk fever, that most troublesome an noyance in the dairy herd at certain times ot the year, One ot the reipedies AT GOANTANAMO. Ships for the Spanish' Raid. SOME VESSELS IN NEED OF REPAIR. A Battleship I the Watar Sliteea Maul hs Ihe Ynnseo Balls With H applies for tho fleet. Playadel Este(Cuba). Commodore Watson's squadron is at Onantananio preparing to go to Spain, and several vessels are preparing for the expedi tion to Porto Rico. Tbe auxiliary cruiser Yale, with General Miles, will probably leave for Porto Rico in the course of a day or two. The opinion of naval officers here is that several of til A Ihtlkll blml.l I. dockeiUni repaired before going on a jon(5 cr,118e. it jg I10t treason to sav t,,at one o( tiie battleships has been in the ,ater gixteen niollth(, all(1 t, , say i in that other ships are corroded by the south ern waters and have been cruising and in frequent action without the rest that modern men-of-war require, even in times of peace. As one distinguished naval officer said: 'If the thing is worth doing it is worth doing well. Without the few ships that need docking the squadron would not be greatly impaired. To clean them would take only a short time. If hurried off to Spain al though, of course, I don't know if that " the wh fleet "amf gr a i .u - i ,. s,c"j reduce the siieed of the ships which . , , 1 ' . is intended they may break down. are in good condition. To mv mind. the time spent in getting the fleet into proper shape for such an important un dertaking would be doubly paid by the results." Norfolk (Va.) The auxiliary cruiser Yankee sailed from the Norfolk Navy Yard and passed the eaNB, outward lxiund, two hours later. Her destina tion is Santiago and she carries supplies to Watson's fleet. The auxiliary cruiser St. Louis, returning from An napolis, where she landed Admiral Cervera and other Spanish prisoners, pasted out of Chesapeake bay. PERPLEXING PROBLEMS. The Proposed Removal of Surrendered Soldier From Cuba. Washington. The perlexing prob lem now to lie solved is how to carry out the plans made by General Shafter to remove the Spanish soldiers to Spain. It would have been no easy un dertaking to convey tho 20,000 men across the Atlantic under the best con ditions; but the reports that indicate the existence of yellow fever among the Spaniards threatened all kinds of diffi culties. But it was decided to be only a matter of money, and if the price offered is large enough, steamship lines can doubtless lie found to undertake the task. At the best several weeks will proba bly be required to move the Spaniards; so that it will be necessary to maintain a considerable proportion of the Amer ican army in the neighborhood for some time. Still, not having to pro tect themselves against the foe, the American troops can be so disposed aa to make them comparatively comforta ble. By removing them to the hills just in tbe rear of Santiago it is be lieved that the danger of the spread of yellow fever will be reduced so far that it will no longer be cause for grave apprehension. The surgeons' reports describe the disease as of a mild character, and it is said that it will readily yield to a change of altitude. YANKEES MAN THE GUNS. Th Abanrd Story of a Briton Meets Prompt Denial. . Washington. vVith all our disposi tion to bo on friendly terms with the British, our naval officers are quick to resent the allegations made to the effect that Dewey owed his marvelous success at Manila to the employment of EnglWi gunners whom he had en gaged at fabulous wages at Hongkong before he sailed for Manila. Such a statement as this was made by Cunningham Graham, an ex-member of Parliament, in a communication to some of the British newspapers, which has aroused a good deal of dis cussion. Captain Crowinshield, the Chief of the Navigation Bureau, is directly in charge of the personnel of the Navy, and when this statement was called to bis attention he very prompt, ly and positively said: "We never have yet been called upon to get Englishmen to teach ns how to shoot. An inspection of the muster rolls of Dewey's squadron will convey the amplest refutation of this charge and show how absolutely false it is. They show very dearly that no Eng lishmen were behind the guns that sunk the Spanish ships and silenced the forts at Cavite." MAJOR HAYES WOUNDED. DUabled While on titan Duty With Uenerat Vonng. Washington. A cablegram from Playa del Este, Cuba, received conveys tbe information that Major Webb C. Hayes of the First Ohio Cavalry, sou of the late President Hayes, was wounded on Friday, July 1st. At the request of Major Hayes no announce ment was made ot the fact in the offi cial dispatches. Major Hayes had been detached from his command and as signed to temporary duty on iieneral Young's staff. While actinir in that capadty his horse was killed under V a ... mm ami ne was wounded. That his wound is not particularly serious is indicated by the fact that he is out of the hospital and again ready for dutv. Washing the butter is an important part of the process of butter making. There should not be much washing if the butter is for immediate use. One water will usually be sufficient. Too much cold water will destroy the fine flavor, because tha flavoring oils are laregly soluble in water. If the butter is to lie kept for some time it is better to wash until the water comes away quite clear. Bank of Spain Ralelng tha slaows. Madrid. The Bank of Hnain has opened subscriptions for treasury bonds. Aireauy za,uuu,oou pesetas have been taken.