Newspaper Page Text
Koche Wed record.
THUUdLUY AO ItT ABA Fnumii at i 1 Record Publi WOULD STAY IN rJMissioN for cuba! orricc: MAsoAces From all -woast. irai oateers ! t Wea la Urn Haute. New York. A Sun cable from Kan Juan saw Colonel Canio, chief offi cer of the military rtaff of Captain General Macias. banded in liia reeigna tiin. It ii understoos that his action was tine to his den ire to remain in V..rto Rico instead f returning to Spain when the Spanish troops are withdrawn from the Island in accord- i . . .. i:.: . ' ance with trie communis i jit-muc, Its Members Hope to Fully Pa cify the Island. LEADERS TO BE INTERVIEWED. The Advice of Cuaaereatlve Mee la Caba Will - Rallclted aal. WlnV- r I'osalblr, Adapted. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED. A Kaasaer af Miseellaaeeas Jottings BrleSt- sad Cartl Teld la This Celanta. New York. A Times Washington ?ecial says: Generals Butler and Wade and Admiral Sampson, the mili tary commissioners lor C'ul, will he required to meet in Havana In-fore Sc tenilier 12. according to the terms of The eighth artesian well lias heen completed at Riverside. The Chinese of Islet. .n, CwL.have or ganised a Ore department. Anthrax is proving fatal in the San Jojquiu cattle and sheep herds. Au interstate fisheries congress w ill he held at Astoria in November. Bishop (ilorieanx recently confirmed large class ( young Indians at IV Smet. Hundreds of head of stock in Fresno county, have sin-combed to splenic fever. The Farmers' canal in Graham county, A. T., is rejlahiiing tlioiisauds of acres of html. It is estimated that Die salmon sea son at A .-tori a will show a shortage of 100,000 cases. John Bull has succeeded to the chief tainship of the Lilloet Indians in Brit ish Columbia. There is work for 2000 more laborers on the line of road now building west from Kobson, B C. It is asserted that a British syndi cate is willing to invest '1,000,000 in the Fresno-Monterey railway project. 12. J. McKennu is buying chickens in Washington for the Dawson City market, lie expects to ship 400 dozen. A fly pest afflicts the dairy stock of Humboldt county, and the ranchers are anxiously seeking a remedy. The Horse Show Association of Southern California will give an exhi bition next winter, probably ut Fiesta Park. The construction has been ordered of a new steel bridge aoross Greenhorn creek, between Yon llet and Bucna Vista. The oil developments at the Olinda ranch near Chino are Biiid to justify the contemplated construction of a piie line. Joseph Chase and Charles Dando, violators of the Montana game law, have been pardoned after serving five months In jail. The Han Diego School Board bill gone on record in a motion objecting to the use of tobacco by teachers in public places. A telenhone lino for the use of Co lumbia River valley dwellers will be constructed between Myers Falls and Fort Spokane. Bands of Washoe Indians, it is re ported, have crossed the mountains and are slaughtering deer in the upper parts of Calaveras county. Setaro Tazoye, a Japanese, has pleaded guilty at Fresno of slaughter ing fish in Kings river with dynamite aud has been sentenced to five months in jail. An Eastern firm, it is said, is con templating the erection of au apple evaporator on this Coast that will handle fully 50,000 bushels of apples annually. The mission fathers under the direc tion of the Franciscan order are work ing toward the establishment of a col lege at the old church at Santa Bar bara. The recently completed assessment roll of Santa Rosa shows an increase in the value of proiwrty of over $10,000. The total valuation of all property is 13,737,055. Steps have been taken at Nelson, B. C, by Church of England clergy toward having the church affairs of the Kooteuaia placed in the hands of a local synod. Two Yuma Indiana who obeyed the nunuate oi meir chief ten years ago in Arizona and slew a "medicine man," have finished their terms at San tjuen tin and been released, Edward Fordice of Lost Prairie. Or.. la in custody, charged with complicity in the murder of Miss Ada Cole, who died recently at Lewiston, Idaho, a victim of malpractice. The Mazama expedition to the sum mit of Mount St. Helena found up there, 10,000 feet above the level of the sea, a mouse that seemed to be thriving among the snow and rocks. Many of the fish streams of Wash ington State are almost barren this year because of the close fishing in the 1 iwer Columbia, which has permitted few salmon to reach the upper waters. At a meeting of the Sonoma County Hop Growers' Association at Santa Rosa, a good average crop was re ported and the price of picking was fixed at 80 cents per hundred pounds. An expert will be employed to ex amine the land northeast of Vallejo where indications ol oil have been found. If a favorable report be made development work is likely to be started. The San August in Church, academy building and cathedral at Tucson have been leased by W. S. Low, for inerly of Santa Barbara, who will transform the three buildings into a picturesque hotel. Southern ' California orchardists, after investigation, have found that the chilocorus circumdatus, a parasite plentiful in Hawaii, is destructive to the purple scale, and it is proposed to send to Hawaii for a supply of the parasites. Travelers on the Mojave desert re part that a notioeable feature of that region this year is the disappearance of the snakes, horn , toads ami ; lizards, that are usually to lie seen by the hur. dreds.' No explanation of such a condi (ion has bean offered, Macias has not yet indicated whether he will accept the resignation, and his action in the matter is anxiously awaited by a number of other Spanish officers. Colonel Ca mo is itiird ranking offi cer in the Spanish army in PorUt Rico, havinit onlv one nuiierior besides Ma cias, and his retirement from the Sjainish service i therefore very sig nificant. If h succeeds in withdraw ing from the army, it is exiected that his example will be followed by a large number ol other officers. These have establishfd homes and financial interests nere. j jjg to BCcept to provide the means Though the ni0f,,ab"'!of preserving order .here the with. y "'f l!.lralal of the Spa force, might Ulc liuiinu nun urn I " nllier lu lem the facts through the enterprise of the ; alitor of El ltaf.pl,. heal daily j JJ nlZ r inning mat mere wan hih.ui :iihj the Government setting forth any peace conditions, he made a trip to St. Thomas, where he learned everything known there of the demands of the United States. Upoi his return he published an impartial story of the situation. Everything people apiwar to mi fuinilies of San Juan who, after est Indie, as it include the whole Pacific ocfean. from Alaska to Cape Horn, as well as Hawaii and Samoa. Commodore Remt-y, commanding the naval base at Key West, is ex iectel to succeed Admiral Matthews as president of the examining and re tiring boards, who retires October 2tth. The department has made no move up to this time toward the re-eUablish-nieut of the European or South Atlantic stations, and it is improbable that any shipswill be sent to the latter terri tory before next year. However, if no complications arise during the sessions of the Peace Commifsioners at Paris, and they succeed in reaching an early agreement upon the terms of a conven tion, Commodore Wattosi is expected to take a fine fleet to Europe and the protocol of August 12, Ui arrange after visits of courte-y to England and for the time and manner of the evacu ation of the island. As it has lieen agreed that General Blanco and his troops may take away with them the guns and arms in the fortifications the arrangements to lie effected will be largely such as the United States feels France may spend Mediterranean. the w inter in the OUR LOSSES AT MANILA. Haadred FOR THE FARMERS. Some Interesting News for the Ruralist SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN. Vaw Sensible BiaU te Salt tha Buy Agriculturist. Item That May ttaaaBt aar Benders. i .ii ,i ,1,- tank of the United SI s ,aoeful here and he Inhabit to be happy, lriisi e . . Sampson bombarded the city, removed to places in the cauntry for safety, fearing another attack, are now return ing in large numbers. NO MORE. BOND ISSUE. rreseat War Taxes Sufficient for In creased Kspeadltures. Washington. It is the opinion of the officials of the Treasury Depart lead to riot and pillage. among the members of stration the opinion that, by the time the Spanish control is withdrawn, there will be a large body of Cubans, not insurgents, that will lie ready to give the soldiers of the United States something like the wel come that has been extended to them in Porto Rico, thus simplifying the task of the United States in changing tants. expect to give at tention to much more iuiiortant mat ters than the mere indication of ort8 at which Blanco and his men shall em bark. They w ill look into the condi tion of society in Cuba, test the feel ings of the people in the cities as to the introduction of United States offi- cers to take temporary charge of some of the functions of the Government, and upon their report will depend greatly the succeeding movements of ment that there will be no necessity i the United States. for another bond issue, growing out of the war, and that the present slight modifications should lie retained on the statute book for an indefinite period. The following may lie taken as the view s of the Treasury Depart ment on the subject: "It may be confidently hoped that no further issues of bonds will necessary in connection with bringing the extraordinary war expenditure to a A very early attempt will be made to secure conferences with Generals Gomez, Garcia, President Masso and other leading Cubans, to assure them that the policy marked out in the or der of President McKinley to Gen- eral lawtan must be adhered to in justice to the whole people of Cuba. It lie i is expected that these leaders may be I induced to take a calm view of the sit uation, and to accept the full resKin- close. With the Treasury well sun- sibility for securing cordial Cuban oo plied for the early future and with the operation on a plan intended to lie just power conferred upon the Secretary to j to all Cubans, whether native or Span ish, in order that there shall be no interference of the progress that is felt to be in store for Cuba when the is land is once free from Spanish control, A comparison of information obtained will very likely be made by the Cuban ; and Porto Rican Commission before exceed ! any plan is determined upon. But it is expected that the main points will De clear to bom commissions at an early stage in the inquiry that they will make. I he advice of conservative men in Cuba w ill be solicited and, wherever jKissible, adopted, in order to make the transition from the old govern ment to the new as free trom irritating features as possible. There will be a thorough effort to get rid of the most notorious practices under Spanish rule at once, the belief being that Spanish and Cubans alike will gladly aid in abolishing the old squeezing processes that have been legitimatized, although they increased the wealth of the offi cers and kept the unollicial class mis erably poor. It does not appear that the Military Commission will be expected to look alter commercial interests except as they are involved in the maintenance of peace. The Treasury Department will provide the changes that are to be introduced in free Cuba, and they will favor the utmost activity on the part of every man who can produce something or contribute to its distri bution to those countries of the world that may need Cuban products The Treasury will, of course, have to maintain revenue cutters about Cuba as long as any import tariff is maintained and to do the work prop erly, Secretary Gage may have to send five or six revenue cutters to Cuba and ! perhaps two or three to Porto Rico. If so manv vessels of the fleet aro needed iu the West Indies Congress will n obliged to increase the fleet above the present number thirty-six. Hawaii will need one or two cutters and if the Philippines are held there will lie busi ness for several others and perhaps an increased number of revenue cutter officers. Whatever the plan may lie for the pacification of Cuba, the Presi make temporary loans to the extent of 100,00i,000, if required, any fur ther resort to bond issues seems a most remote probability. "This view is reinforced by the fact that with the operation of the new ex cise and stamp taxes the revenues of the Government will laregly disbursements based upon ordinary peace conditions. This - increase in revenue ought to and will provide for an increase in war and navy expen- ditures which no doubt will be wit nessed even after military operations have terminated. That enlarged ex penditures for the navy and the army over expenditures in the past will be necessary is most obvious, and it is a matter of congratulation that by the wise action of Congress the Government has been put on a broad and effective basis. j Uncle Sant In China. London. The morning papers com ment upon the proposed immense in crease in the American Navy. The Standard says: "Such a fleet, ojiera ting from Manila an a base, would be able to exercise considerable influence upon the progress of events in Chinese waters, and, added to the English China squadron and the Japanese navy, would make a mighty armament in deed." The Standard suggests that this consideration may cause Russia to pause. The Daily Mail sayB: "The new pro gramme is startling in its immensity. The American Navy jumps to fourth place among the world's fleets. It will not long remain fourth, nor will it be long before the United States will have a policy in China." -'arty-Sis Killed and Uae Weuaded. Hongkong. OHlrer-" of the steamer China from Manila, which has arrived here, report that it was evident that the resistance of the Spaniards when Manila was attacked by the Americans was merely nominal and wa made solely to maintain the honor of Spain. The offlcera talked with express the belief that the esraiw of Governor- General Anguj-ti was prearranged and was well understood by Admiral Dewey. A dispatch from Manila savs the total number of killed on the American side during the attack upon and cap ture of Manila was forty-six and the wounded alsiut 100. The Spanish losses were alsiiit 200 killed and 400 wounded. The fire of the Americans did practically no damage to the town nor to the non-combatants. The Americans had considerable difficulty in keeping the insurgents out of the city, only admitting those who were without weapon. Five insurgents were shot while loot ing at Tondo. An insurgent officer be came involved in a quarrel with a Spaniard in the Esrolta, in the Binondo suburb, during which the Spaniard fired upon the insurgent, inflicting wounds in the latter s legs. The Span lard was arrested and imprisoned. General Merritt has issued a procla mation decreeing that the provisional Government and the local authorities shaH'remain unchanged for the pres ent, except so far as the supreme juris diction is concerned. The proclama tion further declares that any native who resists the present authorities shall be treated as a lawbreaker. General Jamlenes, in the course of an interview Lad with him by the representative of the Associated Press, said he knew the fight was a hopeless one, but that he intended to resist the Americans in the name of honor, but was persuaded to Burrciubr for the sake of the non-combatants. He eulo- igzed the Americans for the humanity they have shown. Heavy Ordnance for War Ships. Washington. The Ordnance Bureau of the Navy Department opened bids for a large amount of heavy ordnance for the war ships. The aggregate of the contracts will reach about $300,- 000. These are for cast-steel shells of the following dimensions: One thous and 13-inch, 1000 12-inch and 600 10- inch; also forged-steel shells as fol lows: Three thousand 8-inch, 5000 6-inch, 5000 4-inch and 5000 5-inch. With this increase of naval ordnance the Navy will be well supplied with ma terial, if by any chance the present peace negotiations are not brought to a successful consummation. All of the leading steel and ordnance firms bid in the competition at prices somewhat lower than have ruled heretofore. Keen tha Ball Cave red. One of the easiest of plant foods to lose in the soil is nitrogen. A soil abounding in humus will absorb and retain nitrogen in the form of am monia compounds, but the nitrates, the form in which plants mainly use nitro gen, are apt to be washed out and lost when the land is bare. But it has lieen found that this loss is very small indeed when the soil is covered with vegetation. The soils of the cotton fields of the South have lost far more by the washing and leaching in the w inter rains of the bare ground than they have through the cultivation of cotton. A soil cover in winter is of far more importance in the south, where the winter rains are heavy and the soil seldom frozen hard, than in sections where the soil freezes up tight or is covered all winter with a deep blanket of snow. But in either case a Biol cover of vegetation is of the great est importance if no result was at tained but the retention of nitrogen. lint in the South the nitrification in a soil abounding in humus goes on under the cover all winter, and the soil is actually gaining fertility instead of losing it. The fall is doubtless the best time to deepen the soil by deep plowing and subsoiling, but while this is true, it is always better to leave some growth on the land than to have it lie bare during the winter. Many esteem rye a valuable green ma nure plant, and it may become so, not from any particular value in the rye itself, but from its conservation of the nitrates, and thus it may to some ex tent act as a nitrogen collector. At any rate, rye is better by far than a bare fallow, and where no better soil cover can be had use the rve. There are farmers who have a clover sod which they propose to put in corn the following spring, and in order to facil itate the spring work they plow the sod in the fall, imagining that the mellow ing influence of the frost will atone for any other loss. We earnestly advise to let that sod alone till you want to pre pare the land for corn. It will be saving your fertility all winter, and even be adding to it It is easy for any farmer to try the simple experiment for himself of breaking a piece of clover sod in the fall and another in the spring. Our word for it, and we have tested the matter, the spring-plowed piece will leave the other in its shade. Whenever the land is not in clean-hoed crops keep the sou covered with vegetation summer and winter if you want to retain and increase its productiveness. If you give humus a rest" and keep the land bare of vegetation, you will sooner or later be bare of crops. Practical Farmer. wallow ami mud is better than none. I know from long experience that the hog will do tolerably well without any bath except rain, provided he has damp ground and den? ehade. He will do still better if he can have a bath of clean water at will. But rather than allow him access to a foul wallow of thick mud I would prefer that he never see water except to drink. In these times we must look carefully to those little details if we grow hogs at a reasonable profit. farai-Made Batter. I am using a Cooley creamer. The milk sets li hours. The cream is placed in a warm room near the stove until soar or ripe, setting from 24 to 36 hours. When at the proier temper ature, about 60 degrees in summer and 64 in winter, it is churned. 1 use a swing churn. ' When the granules of butter are about the size of wheat grains, I draw off the buttermilk and then put in cold water, rinsing the "butter in three different waters, washing out all the buttermilk. I then work the salt into it, an ounce to the pound, setting it away for a day, when it is worked over and made into pound prints. Wherever I sell a pound, I have call for more. I often buy butter for our own use in order to keep customers supplied. The matter of using a creamer is optional, i have always had good results setting the milk in pans the old-fashioned way. and think we irot fully as much butter. But with the creamer I have no sour milk aud can 11 it for 5c a quart. I also sell the buttermilk, two quarts for five cents. It can be used in many ways in cook- ng, but I would advise a more general use of a creamer of some kind. While good butter can lie made from the old- fashioned pans, I know a great deal of poor butter is made from cream raised n that way, and the reason is obvious. Many have no good milk room to keep their milk in. It is set in a cupboard th the door open, or on shelves in the kitchen, where the family cooking is done, and where the farmer and hired help too often smoke by the hour. The milk is allowed to set too long. The cream cannot be removed ithout some of the sour milk, the least particle of which injures the keeping quality of the butter. Though creamer is desirable, I still main tain that without proper food and care of stock, and the utmost cleanliness, the best product could be spoiled in the manipulation. H. H. Childs, in Orange Farmer. PLANNING TO DELAY. Spain Is Preparing to Protract Sessions of the Commissions. THE CUBAN DEBT TO BE DISCUSSED. Kcw I.awi for Porto Rico. Washington. President McKinley has issued an order carrying into effect the tariff regulations for Porto Rico, as promulgated by the War Department. The tonnage and landing charges pro vided for are practically the same as provided in the Cuban regulations, but the customs duties as a whole are lower. The regulations apply to all places in the island occupied by United States forces, and the levying and collection of the tax provided for are left wholly in the control of the army authorities. Protests to Spain. Madrid. Iii the course of an inter view with a member of the Cabinet by a representative of the Associated Press, the Minister said England had presented a note to Spain asking for explanations on the subject of fortifica tions lieing erected by Spain near Gib raltar which, the note declares, are un justified, in view of the good relations exit-ting between the two countries. Spain is absolutely quiet. Don Carlos has given his partisans strict orders not to commit acts of rebellion while the divisions among the Repub licans render that party powerless. Grave Remit Hinted At. London. The Madrid correspondent of the Standard says: Spain and her Continental patrons still hope that the United States may be induced not to take advantage of the conquest of Ma nila, but will be satisfied with a coal ing station, trading privileges, etc. Should the retention of Manila be in sisted upon, the United States may meet more trouble even than Japan did in securing the results of her victory over China, and at the hands of the same powers. Cnrea Kernse Concession. Yokohama. The Corean Govern ment, replying to a German request for concessions, lias notified the tier man Consul at Seoul that it proposes to establish a railway bureau and to construct its own railways, and that therefore no further concessions will be granted. dent is sure the United States can pre- Vesuvius at Work. van upon me people oi uotu islands JNapiea. Vesuvius is again in a hitherto held by Spain to get along state of active eruption. Four streams without bloodshed. Occasional out- of lava are flowing down the mountain breaks may not b avoided, but there side at the rate of 400 yards an hour. is strong hope of maintaining substan- The chestnut trees on Mount Somma tial peace with the help of the former have been burned. Constant explo- Summer Feeding. Better to feed too little than too much. The latter might engender dis ease, while the former would only al low the poultry to become rather poor of flesh. It is right to provide food when it is actually needed, but all urplus food not appropriated to the production of eggs goes to fat. Sum mer eggs may be gathered plentifully enough up to real moulting time, foods are conditioned for their production Even in California poultry needs more warmth-giving sustenance in winter than in summer. Let us apply a little reasoning to this feeding business It is winter; the chickens are laying well; they eat well, for besides that which is necessary to the production of eggs they need food to appropriate for warmth. Otherwise they would not lay. Now it is summer, and the warmth-giving surplus is not needed the necessary amount of feed to pro duce eggs over and above sustenance for bodily structure being all that required. It is erroneous to think that the more you feed the more eggs you will be able to gather. Over feed ing retards egg production. The mat ter not needed for health of body and production of eggs produces fat. Feed too much and the gizzard becomes fat encysted and quite powerless to iier form its office; the crop tries to empty tself but cannot; sour crop follows then fermentation, producing peri tonitis, then dysentery and death, if the case be aggravated. Dr. S. L. Robert 8 in California Cultivator and Poultry Keeper. insurgents. Blaaeo I Obdurate. Madrid. The Government is dis pleased with the attitude of Captains General Macias and Blanco. The lat ter has again positively declined to preside over the evacuation of Cuba. The Captain-General of the Canary Isands was removed owing to his fail ing to agree with the War Minister's arrangements regarding the disposi tion of troops. Wants a Coaling Station. London. The Daily Mail's Odessa correspondent says he hears on inoon testible authority that Russia has opened the pour parleur with Spain for the cession of a coaling station in the Philippines. Death of British Author. London. Sir William Augustus Fra ser, Bart., the author and one of the Queen's Body Guards for Scotland, is dead. TO BE REORGANIZED. Changes to Afteet the North Atlantic War Ships New York. A dispatch to the Trib une from Washington says: The Navv Department has taken under consider ation the reorganization of the North Atlantic fleet, which now includes five flag officers, in addition to providing duty for the commanders of a large number of vessels which will be placed out of commission in the next two or three weeks. When the fore is re duced, at least three of the flag officers on the home station will le rendered supeifluous and are to be ordered to other assignments. It is considered likely that the North Atlantic station will be divided and one flag officer, probably Admiral Sampson, retained in command of the home fleet, while Admiral Schley or Admiral Howell will be placed in charge of a newly organized squadorn of the West Indies, limited by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean sea. It is the impression among naval officers that Admiral Schley will seize the opportunity to secure command of the Pacific squadron on the retirement of Admiral Miller on November 22d, and will be content to wait ashore the few weeks between the termination of his sen iocs on the Porto Rican Com mission and Admiial Millers' retire ment, which would enable him to have an independent command, per- Sams are heard in the oentral crater, which is emitting smoke and flames. Rustla Orders Ironclads. Berlin. The Russian Government has ordered a 5000-ton iron-clad vessel from the Krupp works at Kiel and a similar vessel from the Vulcan works at Stettin. A Marvelous Iareatlon, Berlin. The celebrated watchmaker Lbner of Berlin has perfected a me chan ism capable of measuring and revoruins me thousandth part oi a second. Market Quotations oa Scalps. ine maiKet price oi "scalps," as agreed upon betweeu the early French colonists oi Louisiana aud the Indians, with whom they bargained to fight out their battles with hostile Indians for them, varied with circumstances. At the time the French were at war with the Alilamous a "scalp" of one of the last named, when brought to them, was paid for at the rate of a gnu, five pounds or niuslit balls nud as much powder. "On the 14th of March" (1704). writes De La Hurpe, "a party of 20 Chicachos (Chickauiws) brought in four Alibamon scalps. They were given for each scalp a gun, five pounds of balls and as much of powder, according to the contract made with them." New Orleans Pica yune. I Imto a thing done by halves. If it be right, do it boldly; if it be wr:g. iiavn mii iiiiiiiniiiiiiiBi liuiiiiiiaiiii. iirr i ... . . haps more Important than tlut of the I " Hogs in Summer. The hog may be kept growing and thntty through August as well as May, provided the May conditions are furnished, and this is possible on most farms. One of the most important of these is pasture. It is possible to grow hogs, successfully by soiling, but it re quires more attention and work than most farmers are willing to bestow says the Northern Garden. A grass run affordVthe growing pig that exer cise so necessary for its proper develop ment, and the succulent grasses are rich in the muscle and bone-forming material. Grass and clover are loosen ing to the system and are just suited to his wants in dry, hot weather. It matters not how well cared for in other respects, the pig will never be thrifty in summer unless he has plenty of pure, fresh water. This important point is, perh pas, more often neglected than any other. Slop will not answer the purpose of drinking water entirely though it is, of course, a partial sub stitute. The man who has ever had the job of carrying water in a pail to a bunch of hogs has no idea of the amount they drink on a dry, hot day. The man who will pen up hogs or any other animals in a lot or field en tirely destitute of shade ought receive the attention of the humane society. Such pritection from the sun as a wire fence affords is hardly sufficient. Shade trees here and there will do fairly well, but nothing equal to a wood lot. If the ground be low and damp, and is covered by dense undergrowth through which the sun never penetrates, bo much the bet ter, but shade of some kind they must have in order to thirve and grow boiiiegorsi nog growers 'believe that hog baths are necessary. Other believe that Overtures for Cenautereial Treaties That Will Ulve Her Special Advaatages la tha West ladles. Good Points of Cross-Bred s. It is strange how some poultry au thorities cannot see any good in cross bred fow Is. Just recently it has been stated that so much "monerelizinc" is ruining the poultry of the country. and that in the cultivation of pure breeds alone the salvation of the in dustry is to he found. We don't for a moment believe it. Pure breeds are ndispensable, but many of them are played out as far as utility points are concerned. Any one who stocked his yards with Brahams, Cochins, or some other of our pure ancient breeds, would nna the balance of his account on the wrong side of the book at the end of the year. Manv of the newer breeds which have been produced by crossing (or as some people would call it mongrelizmg") are miles ahead of the old ones as far as utility is con cerned. One or two of these can with difficulty be eaten by any cross-bred fowl, but, on the whole, judiciously bred first crosses will produce more eggs in a year than any average lot of pure-bred fowls which can be picked up. But where a really good laying strain of the latter can be obtained, combined with good show points, and there is a good market for pure-bred fowls, it will pay lietter to cultivate pure-bred birds. London Farmer and Stockman. The Fruit Garden. The fruit garden and orchard should be carefully and regularly cultivated to kill weeds and consume moisture. The raspberry canes should lie headed back from time to time or as fast as they grow to a height of two feet. This will cause lateral shoots to be formed, which will make a larger, stronger and more prolific plant. All suckers and sprouts upon all orchard trees are to be promptly removed and the new canes of blacklerrie8 and raspberries need to be thinned, if they come up too thickly, which they are almost sure to do. The great trouble with these fruits is just this factor, they tend to run together into a dense mass of vege tation, and their fruitfulness is largely ruined. Watch the young, newly set plum. peach, apple and pear trees to see that they are growing regularly and sym metrically. All Biirplus shoots are to be removed at once with thumb and forefinger. This is an ideal way of pruning, for why allow any tree to make useless growth which must be cut away sooner or later. Fruit trees are ornamental as well as useful and profitable, and we can rest assured that the value cl the land upon which they are set is steadily growing. (New York. A World cable from Madrid says:! Spain is studiously pre paring to protract the sessions of the joint peace and military commissions, for weeks certainly, and for months if possible. Every conceivable point which can be disputed over, legitimate or not, will be raised and discussed to the limit. The Government will cable the Spanish members of the West In dian commissions to arrange for the evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico, a long series of topics they must suggest and debate. Careful instructions, how to urge them and what positions to take w ill also be tent. For instance, army delegates aro to raise a multitude of questions and quibble over them about the condition of evacuation; how long a period shall lie allowed for getting Spain's troops out; how arms ami other munitions of War shall be sent home; how men shall lie transported; upon which side shall fall the extiense of each one of an in finity of details connected with the abandoning of the islands. Then the navy delegates are to ex haust the subjects (and American com missioners) of the rights and claims of Spain in regard to all ports, arsen als, docks, defenses and everything else that promises an opportunity for par leying. Both the army and navy rep resentatives w ill be charged to insist upon Spain's alleged rights in respect to forts, barracks, palaces, prisons, public buildings, roads, state lands and all such things. They, further more, will be directed to debate over what shall be done with convicts in penitentiaries, prisoners in jails under sentence, over the status of courts, laws and legislation. It is evidently a part plan to seek to establish Paris Peace Commission a prima facie case with regard to the Cuban debt. She will try to bring out strongly all points touched upon so that her com missioners may argue forcibly in favor of requiring Cuba to pay at least a part of the debt incurred prior to 1895, in order to offset the outlay of the Madrid Government in those directions in previous years. The Ministry iu . sanguine that the Spanish Cuban ami Porto Rican commissioners will make much easier the task of the Spanish members of the grand commission in Paris, before which the Cuban debt certainly will be pressed to the utmost. Spain purposes, moreover, to make overtures in the Peace Commission for commercial treaties which shall give ner special trade advantages in Cuba and Porto Rico in exchange for concessions to the United States in the Philippines, Ladrones and Carolines. of Spain's before the Treatment for Canker. Canker in the mouth and throat is the beginning of roup. If taken in hand at the start, merely washing a few times with chlorate of potash dis solved in water will readily cure. If allowed to develop into roup the sick fowls should be separated from the well ones. Take a small quantity of copperas and pure carbolic acid. using about SO parts of these to 100 of water, and wash the throat and eyes with it. Give about three drops of castor oil at night. Qive cooked food with pulverized charcoal mixed with it; keep warm and dry until thor oughly well. With care in time roup may be cured, but it is highly conta gious and needs prompt treatment. ' Poultry. Variety of food cheapens its oost, as there is more product when the food is varied. Corn and wheat are stand ard foods for poultry, and farmers have contented themselves that grain is sufficient; but the Indiana Experiment Station has demonstrated that when fresh milk is given to chinks intended to be Bold as "broilers," the gain, when milk is added to the grain ration, is nearly twice as much as when grain alone is used. For laying hens it is better to give milk liberally, also, as milk supplies the albumen of the egg and large share of mineral matter, which Is deficient In grain. Skimmed milk is cheap, and ran be very profit ably used for both, liogs ami j-oultry. Asked For a Shirt aud Got a Wire. During the civil war there was a cer tain young lady in Georgetown who found it iu her power to do a great deal for the Confederate soldiers confined iu prison at Washington. Young, beau tiful, cultured, popular, of a wealthy and prominent family, she was fre quently allowed admission to the pris on, whither Rbe always took her maid with a well stocked basket of good things for the poor boys behind the bars. ' One day as she was passing through a group of meu iii the common prison she stopped uud said to them : ' "If there is anything you would like to have that I can briug you, won't you let me know? I shall be very glad." One man stepped forward promptly. Bowing most courteously, he said: "If you will be so kind, I should like very much to have a clean shirt." He was a young lieutenant from Louisiana, one of the handsomest aud most elegant men I ever met, aud when that young lady looked up Into his brovru eyes she found it in her heart to give him much more tuaua clean shirt, for she married him as scon as the war was over. Philadelphia Times. The Peculiarities of the Potato. opinion has prevailed among housekeepers that it is the good potato which breaks open when it is boiled. A scientist wbo has made potatoes a study insists that the good potato is the one that remains quietly in its coating of brown during all of the processes of cooking. Instead of the swelling and burstiug of the skin being caused by the presence of starch it has been as certained that ulbumen is the substance that causes this breaking open. An or dinary potato is made np of three fourths of its weight in water, two tenths iu starch and one-fiftieth of ui trogeuous matter. If it cracks and falls to pieces during the process of boiling, it is deficient iu albuiueu, and therefore lacking in the most important constit uent. New York Ledger. A Dumas Story, DuruoH the elder was rarely spiteful to or about bis fellow meu, but one day, when ho happened to be in that mood, a friend called to tell him a piece of news. "They have just given M. X. the Legion of Honor," he said. Then ho added, in a significant tone, "Now, can yon imagine why they should have given it to him?" ' "Yes," answered the great dramatist promptly. "They have given it to him because be was without it." Good Progress. "How are yon getting along with your housekeeping?" asked the young wife's mother. "Ob, splendidly!" she answered. "I have almost got so I con do things to suit the hired girl" Wasbiugtoa Star. The Flew of Blood. Professor Mosko, the Italian physiolo gist, constructed a conch so arranged that it could be accurately balanced in the middle w hen the slightest change of weight should make either end incline. A man was laid upou it, balanced in a horizontal position. As he went to sleep bis head rose aud his feet sank. As be awoke the opposite occurred, proving that the blood left th bead in tha con Condition aud returned to it iu the other.