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The Pioche weekly record. [volume] (Pioche, Nev.) 1877-1900, September 01, 1897, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091346/1897-09-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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Koche Wed record.
THUUdLUY AO
ItT ABA
Fnumii at i 1
Record Publi
WOULD STAY IN
rJMissioN for cuba!
orricc: MAsoAces From all
-woast.
irai oateers ! t Wea la
Urn Haute.
New York. A Sun cable from Kan
Juan saw Colonel Canio, chief offi
cer of the military rtaff of Captain
General Macias. banded in liia reeigna
tiin. It ii understoos that his action
was tine to his den ire to remain in
V..rto Rico instead f returning to
Spain when the Spanish troops are
withdrawn from the Island in accord- i
. . .. i:.: . '
ance with trie communis i jit-muc,
Its
Members Hope to Fully Pa
cify the Island.
LEADERS TO BE INTERVIEWED.
The Advice of Cuaaereatlve Mee la
Caba Will - Rallclted aal. WlnV-
r I'osalblr, Adapted.
NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED.
A Kaasaer af Miseellaaeeas Jottings
BrleSt- sad Cartl Teld la This
Celanta.
New York. A Times Washington
?ecial says: Generals Butler and
Wade and Admiral Sampson, the mili
tary commissioners lor C'ul, will he
required to meet in Havana In-fore Sc
tenilier 12. according to the terms of
The eighth artesian well lias heen
completed at Riverside.
The Chinese of Islet. .n, CwL.have or
ganised a Ore department.
Anthrax is proving fatal in the San
Jojquiu cattle and sheep herds.
Au interstate fisheries congress w ill
he held at Astoria in November.
Bishop (ilorieanx recently confirmed
large class ( young Indians at IV
Smet.
Hundreds of head of stock in Fresno
county, have sin-combed to splenic
fever.
The Farmers' canal in Graham
county, A. T., is rejlahiiing tlioiisauds
of acres of html.
It is estimated that Die salmon sea
son at A .-tori a will show a shortage of
100,000 cases.
John Bull has succeeded to the chief
tainship of the Lilloet Indians in Brit
ish Columbia.
There is work for 2000 more laborers
on the line of road now building west
from Kobson, B C.
It is asserted that a British syndi
cate is willing to invest '1,000,000 in
the Fresno-Monterey railway project.
12. J. McKennu is buying chickens
in Washington for the Dawson City
market, lie expects to ship 400 dozen.
A fly pest afflicts the dairy stock of
Humboldt county, and the ranchers
are anxiously seeking a remedy.
The Horse Show Association of
Southern California will give an exhi
bition next winter, probably ut Fiesta
Park.
The construction has been ordered of
a new steel bridge aoross Greenhorn
creek, between Yon llet and Bucna
Vista.
The oil developments at the Olinda
ranch near Chino are Biiid to justify
the contemplated construction of a piie
line.
Joseph Chase and Charles Dando,
violators of the Montana game law,
have been pardoned after serving five
months In jail.
The Han Diego School Board bill
gone on record in a motion objecting
to the use of tobacco by teachers in
public places.
A telenhone lino for the use of Co
lumbia River valley dwellers will be
constructed between Myers Falls and
Fort Spokane.
Bands of Washoe Indians, it is re
ported, have crossed the mountains
and are slaughtering deer in the upper
parts of Calaveras county.
Setaro Tazoye, a Japanese, has
pleaded guilty at Fresno of slaughter
ing fish in Kings river with dynamite
aud has been sentenced to five months
in jail.
An Eastern firm, it is said, is con
templating the erection of au apple
evaporator on this Coast that will
handle fully 50,000 bushels of apples
annually.
The mission fathers under the direc
tion of the Franciscan order are work
ing toward the establishment of a col
lege at the old church at Santa Bar
bara. The recently completed assessment
roll of Santa Rosa shows an increase in
the value of proiwrty of over $10,000.
The total valuation of all property
is 13,737,055.
Steps have been taken at Nelson, B.
C, by Church of England clergy
toward having the church affairs of
the Kooteuaia placed in the hands of
a local synod.
Two Yuma Indiana who obeyed the
nunuate oi meir chief ten years ago
in Arizona and slew a "medicine man,"
have finished their terms at San tjuen
tin and been released,
Edward Fordice of Lost Prairie. Or..
la in custody, charged with complicity
in the murder of Miss Ada Cole, who
died recently at Lewiston, Idaho, a
victim of malpractice.
The Mazama expedition to the sum
mit of Mount St. Helena found up
there, 10,000 feet above the level of
the sea, a mouse that seemed to be
thriving among the snow and rocks.
Many of the fish streams of Wash
ington State are almost barren this
year because of the close fishing in the
1 iwer Columbia, which has permitted
few salmon to reach the upper waters.
At a meeting of the Sonoma County
Hop Growers' Association at Santa
Rosa, a good average crop was re
ported and the price of picking was
fixed at 80 cents per hundred pounds.
An expert will be employed to ex
amine the land northeast of Vallejo
where indications ol oil have been
found. If a favorable report be made
development work is likely to be
started.
The San August in Church, academy
building and cathedral at Tucson
have been leased by W. S. Low, for
inerly of Santa Barbara, who will
transform the three buildings into a
picturesque hotel.
Southern ' California orchardists,
after investigation, have found that
the chilocorus circumdatus, a parasite
plentiful in Hawaii, is destructive to
the purple scale, and it is proposed to
send to Hawaii for a supply of the
parasites.
Travelers on the Mojave desert re
part that a notioeable feature of that
region this year is the disappearance of
the snakes, horn , toads ami ; lizards,
that are usually to lie seen by the hur.
dreds.' No explanation of such a condi
(ion has bean offered,
Macias has not yet indicated whether
he will accept the resignation, and his
action in the matter is anxiously
awaited by a number of other Spanish
officers.
Colonel Ca mo is itiird ranking offi
cer in the Spanish army in PorUt Rico,
havinit onlv one nuiierior besides Ma
cias, and his retirement from the
Sjainish service i therefore very sig
nificant. If h succeeds in withdraw
ing from the army, it is exiected that
his example will be followed by a
large number ol other officers. These
have establishfd homes and financial
interests nere. j jjg to BCcept to provide the means
Though the ni0f,,ab"'!of preserving order .here the with.
y "'f l!.lralal of the Spa force, might
Ulc liuiinu nun urn I " nllier lu lem
the facts through the enterprise of the ;
alitor of El ltaf.pl,. heal daily j JJ nlZ
r inning mat mere wan hih.ui :iihj
the Government setting forth any
peace conditions, he made a trip to St.
Thomas, where he learned everything
known there of the demands of the
United States. Upoi his return he
published an impartial story of the
situation.
Everything
people apiwar to
mi fuinilies of San Juan who, after
est Indie, as it include the whole
Pacific ocfean. from Alaska to Cape
Horn, as well as Hawaii and Samoa.
Commodore Remt-y, commanding
the naval base at Key West, is ex
iectel to succeed Admiral Matthews
as president of the examining and re
tiring boards, who retires October
2tth.
The department has made no move
up to this time toward the re-eUablish-nieut
of the European or South Atlantic
stations, and it is improbable that any
shipswill be sent to the latter terri
tory before next year. However, if no
complications arise during the sessions
of the Peace Commifsioners at Paris,
and they succeed in reaching an early
agreement upon the terms of a conven
tion, Commodore Wattosi is expected
to take a fine fleet to Europe and
the protocol of August 12, Ui arrange after visits of courte-y to England and
for the time and manner of the evacu
ation of the island. As it has lieen
agreed that General Blanco and his
troops may take away with them the
guns and arms in the fortifications
the arrangements to lie effected will be
largely such as the United States feels
France may spend
Mediterranean.
the w inter in the
OUR LOSSES AT MANILA.
Haadred
FOR THE FARMERS.
Some Interesting News for the
Ruralist
SPOKEN OF IN THIS COLUMN.
Vaw Sensible BiaU te Salt tha Buy
Agriculturist. Item That May
ttaaaBt aar Benders.
i .ii ,i ,1,- tank of the United SI
s ,aoeful here and he Inhabit
to be happy, lriisi e . .
Sampson bombarded the city, removed
to places in the cauntry for safety,
fearing another attack, are now return
ing in large numbers.
NO MORE. BOND ISSUE.
rreseat War Taxes Sufficient for In
creased Kspeadltures.
Washington. It is the opinion of
the officials of the Treasury Depart
lead to riot and pillage.
among the members of
stration the opinion that,
by the time the Spanish control is
withdrawn, there will be a large body
of Cubans, not insurgents, that will
lie ready to give the soldiers of the
United States something like the wel
come that has been extended to them
in Porto Rico, thus simplifying the
task of the United States in changing
tants.
expect to give at
tention to much more iuiiortant mat
ters than the mere indication of ort8
at which Blanco and his men shall em
bark. They w ill look into the condi
tion of society in Cuba, test the feel
ings of the people in the cities as to
the introduction of United States offi-
cers to take temporary charge of some
of the functions of the Government,
and upon their report will depend
greatly the succeeding movements of
ment that there will be no
necessity i the United States.
for another bond issue, growing out of
the war, and that the present slight
modifications should lie retained on
the statute book for an indefinite
period. The following may lie taken
as the view s of the Treasury Depart
ment on the subject:
"It may be confidently hoped that
no further issues of bonds will
necessary in connection with bringing
the extraordinary war expenditure to a
A very early attempt will be made
to secure conferences with Generals
Gomez, Garcia, President Masso and
other leading Cubans, to assure them
that the policy marked out in the or
der of President McKinley to Gen-
eral lawtan must be adhered to in
justice to the whole people of Cuba. It
lie i is expected that these leaders may be
I induced to take a calm view of the sit
uation, and to accept the full resKin-
close. With the Treasury well sun- sibility for securing cordial Cuban oo
plied for the early future and with the operation on a plan intended to lie just
power conferred upon the Secretary to j to all Cubans, whether native or Span
ish, in order that there shall be no
interference of the progress that is felt
to be in store for Cuba when the is
land is once free from Spanish control,
A comparison of information obtained
will very likely be made by the Cuban
; and Porto Rican Commission before
exceed ! any plan is determined upon. But it
is expected that the main points will
De clear to bom commissions at an
early stage in the inquiry that they
will make.
I he advice of conservative men in
Cuba w ill be solicited and, wherever
jKissible, adopted, in order to make
the transition from the old govern
ment to the new as free trom irritating
features as possible. There will be a
thorough effort to get rid of the most
notorious practices under Spanish rule
at once, the belief being that Spanish
and Cubans alike will gladly aid in
abolishing the old squeezing processes
that have been legitimatized, although
they increased the wealth of the offi
cers and kept the unollicial class mis
erably poor.
It does not appear that the Military
Commission will be expected to look
alter commercial interests except as
they are involved in the maintenance
of peace. The Treasury Department
will provide the changes that are to
be introduced in free Cuba, and they
will favor the utmost activity on the
part of every man who can produce
something or contribute to its distri
bution to those countries of the world
that may need Cuban products
The Treasury will, of course, have
to maintain revenue cutters about
Cuba as long as any import tariff is
maintained and to do the work prop
erly, Secretary Gage may have to send
five or six revenue cutters to Cuba and
! perhaps two or three to Porto Rico. If
so manv vessels of the fleet aro needed
iu the West Indies Congress will n
obliged to increase the fleet above the
present number thirty-six. Hawaii
will need one or two cutters and if the
Philippines are held there will lie busi
ness for several others and perhaps an
increased number of revenue cutter
officers. Whatever the plan may lie
for the pacification of Cuba, the Presi
make temporary loans to the extent
of 100,00i,000, if required, any fur
ther resort to bond issues seems a most
remote probability.
"This view is reinforced by the fact
that with the operation of the new ex
cise and stamp taxes the revenues of
the Government will laregly
disbursements based upon ordinary
peace conditions. This - increase in
revenue ought to and will provide for
an increase in war and navy expen-
ditures which no doubt will be wit
nessed even after military operations
have terminated. That enlarged ex
penditures for the navy and the army
over expenditures in the past will be
necessary is most obvious, and it is a
matter of congratulation that by the
wise action of Congress the Government
has been put on a broad and effective
basis. j
Uncle Sant In China.
London. The morning papers com
ment upon the proposed immense in
crease in the American Navy. The
Standard says: "Such a fleet, ojiera
ting from Manila an a base, would be
able to exercise considerable influence
upon the progress of events in Chinese
waters, and, added to the English
China squadron and the Japanese navy,
would make a mighty armament in
deed." The Standard suggests that this
consideration may cause Russia to
pause.
The Daily Mail sayB: "The new pro
gramme is startling in its immensity.
The American Navy jumps to fourth
place among the world's fleets. It
will not long remain fourth, nor
will it be long before the United
States will have a policy in China."
-'arty-Sis Killed and Uae
Weuaded.
Hongkong. OHlrer-" of the steamer
China from Manila, which has arrived
here, report that it was evident that
the resistance of the Spaniards when
Manila was attacked by the Americans
was merely nominal and wa made
solely to maintain the honor of Spain.
The offlcera talked with express the
belief that the esraiw of Governor-
General Anguj-ti was prearranged and
was well understood by Admiral
Dewey.
A dispatch from Manila savs the
total number of killed on the American
side during the attack upon and cap
ture of Manila was forty-six and the
wounded alsiut 100. The Spanish
losses were alsiiit 200 killed and 400
wounded. The fire of the Americans
did practically no damage to the town
nor to the non-combatants. The
Americans had considerable difficulty
in keeping the insurgents out of the
city, only admitting those who were
without weapon.
Five insurgents were shot while loot
ing at Tondo. An insurgent officer be
came involved in a quarrel with a
Spaniard in the Esrolta, in the Binondo
suburb, during which the Spaniard
fired upon the insurgent, inflicting
wounds in the latter s legs. The Span
lard was arrested and imprisoned.
General Merritt has issued a procla
mation decreeing that the provisional
Government and the local authorities
shaH'remain unchanged for the pres
ent, except so far as the supreme juris
diction is concerned. The proclama
tion further declares that any native
who resists the present authorities
shall be treated as a lawbreaker.
General Jamlenes, in the course of
an interview Lad with him by the
representative of the Associated Press,
said he knew the fight was a hopeless
one, but that he intended to resist the
Americans in the name of honor, but
was persuaded to Burrciubr for the
sake of the non-combatants. He eulo-
igzed the Americans for the humanity
they have shown.
Heavy Ordnance for War Ships.
Washington. The Ordnance Bureau
of the Navy Department opened bids
for a large amount of heavy ordnance
for the war ships. The aggregate of
the contracts will reach about $300,-
000. These are for cast-steel shells of
the following dimensions: One thous
and 13-inch, 1000 12-inch and 600 10-
inch; also forged-steel shells as fol
lows: Three thousand 8-inch, 5000
6-inch, 5000 4-inch and 5000 5-inch.
With this increase of naval ordnance
the Navy will be well supplied with ma
terial, if by any chance the present
peace negotiations are not brought to
a successful consummation. All of the
leading steel and ordnance firms bid in
the competition at prices somewhat
lower than have ruled heretofore.
Keen tha Ball Cave red.
One of the easiest of plant foods to
lose in the soil is nitrogen. A soil
abounding in humus will absorb and
retain nitrogen in the form of am
monia compounds, but the nitrates, the
form in which plants mainly use nitro
gen, are apt to be washed out and lost
when the land is bare. But it has
lieen found that this loss is very small
indeed when the soil is covered with
vegetation. The soils of the cotton
fields of the South have lost far more
by the washing and leaching in the
w inter rains of the bare ground than
they have through the cultivation of
cotton. A soil cover in winter is of
far more importance in the south,
where the winter rains are heavy and
the soil seldom frozen hard, than in
sections where the soil freezes up tight
or is covered all winter with a deep
blanket of snow. But in either case a
Biol cover of vegetation is of the great
est importance if no result was at
tained but the retention of nitrogen.
lint in the South the nitrification in a
soil abounding in humus goes on under
the cover all winter, and the soil is
actually gaining fertility instead of
losing it. The fall is doubtless the
best time to deepen the soil by deep
plowing and subsoiling, but while
this is true, it is always better to
leave some growth on the land than to
have it lie bare during the winter.
Many esteem rye a valuable green ma
nure plant, and it may become so, not
from any particular value in the rye
itself, but from its conservation of the
nitrates, and thus it may to some ex
tent act as a nitrogen collector. At
any rate, rye is better by far than a
bare fallow, and where no better soil
cover can be had use the rve. There
are farmers who have a clover sod
which they propose to put in corn the
following spring, and in order to facil
itate the spring work they plow the sod
in the fall, imagining that the mellow
ing influence of the frost will atone for
any other loss. We earnestly advise to
let that sod alone till you want to pre
pare the land for corn.
It will be saving your fertility all
winter, and even be adding to it It
is easy for any farmer to try the simple
experiment for himself of breaking a
piece of clover sod in the fall and
another in the spring. Our word for
it, and we have tested the matter, the
spring-plowed piece will leave the
other in its shade. Whenever the land
is not in clean-hoed crops keep the
sou covered with vegetation summer
and winter if you want to retain and
increase its productiveness. If you
give humus a rest" and keep the
land bare of vegetation, you will
sooner or later be bare of crops.
Practical Farmer.
wallow ami mud is better than none.
I know from long experience that the
hog will do tolerably well without any
bath except rain, provided he has
damp ground and den? ehade. He will
do still better if he can have a bath
of clean water at will. But rather
than allow him access to a foul wallow
of thick mud I would prefer that he
never see water except to drink. In
these times we must look carefully to
those little details if we grow hogs at a
reasonable profit.
farai-Made Batter.
I am using a Cooley creamer. The
milk sets li hours. The cream is
placed in a warm room near the stove
until soar or ripe, setting from 24 to
36 hours. When at the proier temper
ature, about 60 degrees in summer and
64 in winter, it is churned. 1 use a
swing churn. ' When the granules of
butter are about the size of wheat
grains, I draw off the buttermilk
and then put in cold water, rinsing
the "butter in three different waters,
washing out all the buttermilk. I
then work the salt into it, an ounce to
the pound, setting it away for a day,
when it is worked over and made into
pound prints. Wherever I sell a
pound, I have call for more. I often
buy butter for our own use in order to
keep customers supplied.
The matter of using a creamer is
optional, i have always had good
results setting the milk in pans the
old-fashioned way. and think we irot
fully as much butter. But with the
creamer I have no sour milk aud can
11 it for 5c a quart. I also sell the
buttermilk, two quarts for five cents.
It can be used in many ways in cook-
ng, but I would advise a more general
use of a creamer of some kind. While
good butter can lie made from the old-
fashioned pans, I know a great deal of
poor butter is made from cream raised
n that way, and the reason is obvious.
Many have no good milk room to keep
their milk in. It is set in a cupboard
th the door open, or on shelves in
the kitchen, where the family cooking
is done, and where the farmer and
hired help too often smoke by the
hour. The milk is allowed to set too
long. The cream cannot be removed
ithout some of the sour milk, the
least particle of which injures the
keeping quality of the butter. Though
creamer is desirable, I still main
tain that without proper food and care
of stock, and the utmost cleanliness,
the best product could be spoiled in
the manipulation. H. H. Childs, in
Orange Farmer.
PLANNING TO DELAY.
Spain Is Preparing to Protract
Sessions of the Commissions.
THE CUBAN DEBT TO BE DISCUSSED.
Kcw I.awi for Porto Rico.
Washington. President McKinley
has issued an order carrying into effect
the tariff regulations for Porto Rico, as
promulgated by the War Department.
The tonnage and landing charges pro
vided for are practically the same as
provided in the Cuban regulations, but
the customs duties as a whole are
lower. The regulations apply to all
places in the island occupied by
United States forces, and the levying
and collection of the tax provided for
are left wholly in the control of the
army authorities.
Protests to Spain.
Madrid. Iii the course of an inter
view with a member of the Cabinet by
a representative of the Associated
Press, the Minister said England had
presented a note to Spain asking for
explanations on the subject of fortifica
tions lieing erected by Spain near Gib
raltar which, the note declares, are un
justified, in view of the good relations
exit-ting between the two countries.
Spain is absolutely quiet. Don
Carlos has given his partisans strict
orders not to commit acts of rebellion
while the divisions among the Repub
licans render that party powerless.
Grave Remit Hinted At.
London. The Madrid correspondent
of the Standard says: Spain and her
Continental patrons still hope that the
United States may be induced not to
take advantage of the conquest of Ma
nila, but will be satisfied with a coal
ing station, trading privileges, etc.
Should the retention of Manila be in
sisted upon, the United States may
meet more trouble even than Japan did
in securing the results of her victory
over China, and at the hands of the
same powers.
Cnrea Kernse Concession.
Yokohama. The Corean Govern
ment, replying to a German request
for concessions, lias notified the tier
man Consul at Seoul that it proposes
to establish a railway bureau and to
construct its own railways, and that
therefore no further concessions will
be granted.
dent is sure the United States can pre- Vesuvius at Work.
van upon me people oi uotu islands JNapiea. Vesuvius is again in a
hitherto held by Spain to get along state of active eruption. Four streams
without bloodshed. Occasional out- of lava are flowing down the mountain
breaks may not b avoided, but there side at the rate of 400 yards an hour.
is strong hope of maintaining substan- The chestnut trees on Mount Somma
tial peace with the help of the former have been burned. Constant explo-
Summer Feeding.
Better to feed too little than too
much. The latter might engender dis
ease, while the former would only al
low the poultry to become rather poor
of flesh. It is right to provide food
when it is actually needed, but all
urplus food not appropriated to the
production of eggs goes to fat. Sum
mer eggs may be gathered plentifully
enough up to real moulting time, foods
are conditioned for their production
Even in California poultry needs more
warmth-giving sustenance in winter
than in summer. Let us apply a little
reasoning to this feeding business
It is winter; the chickens are laying
well; they eat well, for besides that
which is necessary to the production of
eggs they need food to appropriate for
warmth. Otherwise they would not
lay. Now it is summer, and the
warmth-giving surplus is not needed
the necessary amount of feed to pro
duce eggs over and above sustenance
for bodily structure being all that
required. It is erroneous to think
that the more you feed the more eggs
you will be able to gather. Over feed
ing retards egg production. The mat
ter not needed for health of body and
production of eggs produces fat. Feed
too much and the gizzard becomes fat
encysted and quite powerless to iier
form its office; the crop tries to empty
tself but cannot; sour crop follows
then fermentation, producing peri
tonitis, then dysentery and death, if
the case be aggravated. Dr. S. L.
Robert 8 in California Cultivator and
Poultry Keeper.
insurgents.
Blaaeo I Obdurate.
Madrid. The Government is dis
pleased with the attitude of Captains
General Macias and Blanco. The lat
ter has again positively declined to
preside over the evacuation of Cuba.
The Captain-General of the Canary
Isands was removed owing to his fail
ing to agree with the War Minister's
arrangements regarding the disposi
tion of troops.
Wants a Coaling Station.
London. The Daily Mail's Odessa
correspondent says he hears on inoon
testible authority that Russia has
opened the pour parleur with Spain for
the cession of a coaling station in the
Philippines.
Death of British Author.
London. Sir William Augustus Fra
ser, Bart., the author and one of the
Queen's Body Guards for Scotland, is
dead.
TO BE REORGANIZED.
Changes to Afteet the North Atlantic
War Ships
New York. A dispatch to the Trib
une from Washington says: The Navv
Department has taken under consider
ation the reorganization of the North
Atlantic fleet, which now includes five
flag officers, in addition to providing
duty for the commanders of a large
number of vessels which will be placed
out of commission in the next two or
three weeks. When the fore is re
duced, at least three of the flag officers
on the home station will le rendered
supeifluous and are to be ordered to
other assignments.
It is considered likely that the North
Atlantic station will be divided and
one flag officer, probably Admiral
Sampson, retained in command of the
home fleet, while Admiral Schley or
Admiral Howell will be placed in
charge of a newly organized squadorn of
the West Indies, limited by the Gulf
of Mexico and the Caribbean sea.
It is the impression among naval
officers that Admiral Schley will seize
the opportunity to secure command of
the Pacific squadron on the retirement
of Admiral Miller on November 22d,
and will be content to wait ashore the
few weeks between the termination of
his sen iocs on the Porto Rican Com
mission and Admiial Millers' retire
ment, which would enable him to
have an independent command, per-
Sams are heard in the oentral crater,
which is emitting smoke and flames.
Rustla Orders Ironclads.
Berlin. The Russian Government
has ordered a 5000-ton iron-clad vessel
from the Krupp works at Kiel and a
similar vessel from the Vulcan works
at Stettin.
A Marvelous Iareatlon,
Berlin. The celebrated watchmaker
Lbner of Berlin has perfected a me
chan ism capable of measuring and
revoruins me thousandth part oi a
second.
Market Quotations oa Scalps.
ine maiKet price oi "scalps," as
agreed upon betweeu the early French
colonists oi Louisiana aud the Indians,
with whom they bargained to fight out
their battles with hostile Indians for
them, varied with circumstances. At
the time the French were at war with
the Alilamous a "scalp" of one of the
last named, when brought to them, was
paid for at the rate of a gnu, five pounds
or niuslit balls nud as much powder.
"On the 14th of March" (1704). writes
De La Hurpe, "a party of 20 Chicachos
(Chickauiws) brought in four Alibamon
scalps. They were given for each scalp
a gun, five pounds of balls and as much
of powder, according to the contract
made with them." New Orleans Pica
yune.
I Imto a thing done by halves. If it
be right, do it boldly; if it be wr:g.
iiavn mii iiiiiiiniiiiiiiBi liuiiiiiiaiiii. iirr i ... . .
haps more Important than tlut of the I "
Hogs in Summer.
The hog may be kept growing and
thntty through August as well as
May, provided the May conditions are
furnished, and this is possible on most
farms. One of the most important of
these is pasture. It is possible to grow
hogs, successfully by soiling, but it re
quires more attention and work than
most farmers are willing to bestow
says the Northern Garden. A grass
run affordVthe growing pig that exer
cise so necessary for its proper develop
ment, and the succulent grasses are
rich in the muscle and bone-forming
material. Grass and clover are loosen
ing to the system and are just suited
to his wants in dry, hot weather. It
matters not how well cared for in other
respects, the pig will never be thrifty
in summer unless he has plenty of
pure, fresh water. This important
point is, perh pas, more often neglected
than any other. Slop will not answer
the purpose of drinking water entirely
though it is, of course, a partial sub
stitute. The man who has ever had
the job of carrying water in a pail to
a bunch of hogs has no idea of the
amount they drink on a dry, hot day.
The man who will pen up hogs or
any other animals in a lot or field en
tirely destitute of shade ought
receive the attention of the humane
society. Such pritection from the
sun as a wire fence affords is hardly
sufficient. Shade trees here and there
will do fairly well, but nothing
equal to a wood lot. If the ground be
low and damp, and is covered by
dense undergrowth through which the
sun never penetrates, bo much the bet
ter, but shade of some kind they must
have in order to thirve and grow
boiiiegorsi nog growers 'believe that hog
baths are necessary. Other believe that
Overtures for Cenautereial Treaties That
Will Ulve Her Special Advaatages
la tha West ladles.
Good Points of Cross-Bred s.
It is strange how some poultry au
thorities cannot see any good in cross
bred fow Is. Just recently it has been
stated that so much "monerelizinc"
is ruining the poultry of the country.
and that in the cultivation of pure
breeds alone the salvation of the in
dustry is to he found. We don't for a
moment believe it. Pure breeds are
ndispensable, but many of them are
played out as far as utility points are
concerned. Any one who stocked
his yards with Brahams, Cochins, or
some other of our pure ancient breeds,
would nna the balance of his account
on the wrong side of the book at the
end of the year. Manv of the newer
breeds which have been produced by
crossing (or as some people would call
it mongrelizmg") are miles ahead of
the old ones as far as utility is con
cerned. One or two of these can with
difficulty be eaten by any cross-bred
fowl, but, on the whole, judiciously
bred first crosses will produce more
eggs in a year than any average lot of
pure-bred fowls which can be picked
up. But where a really good laying
strain of the latter can be obtained,
combined with good show points, and
there is a good market for pure-bred
fowls, it will pay lietter to cultivate
pure-bred birds. London Farmer and
Stockman.
The Fruit Garden.
The fruit garden and orchard should
be carefully and regularly cultivated to
kill weeds and consume moisture.
The raspberry canes should lie headed
back from time to time or as fast as
they grow to a height of two feet. This
will cause lateral shoots to be formed,
which will make a larger, stronger and
more prolific plant. All suckers and
sprouts upon all orchard trees are to be
promptly removed and the new canes
of blacklerrie8 and raspberries need
to be thinned, if they come up too
thickly, which they are almost sure
to do. The great trouble with these
fruits is just this factor, they tend to
run together into a dense mass of vege
tation, and their fruitfulness is largely
ruined.
Watch the young, newly set plum.
peach, apple and pear trees to see that
they are growing regularly and sym
metrically. All Biirplus shoots are to
be removed at once with thumb and
forefinger. This is an ideal way of
pruning, for why allow any tree to
make useless growth which must be
cut away sooner or later. Fruit trees
are ornamental as well as useful and
profitable, and we can rest assured
that the value cl the land upon which
they are set is steadily growing.
(New York. A World cable from
Madrid says:! Spain is studiously pre
paring to protract the sessions of the
joint peace and military commissions,
for weeks certainly, and for months if
possible. Every conceivable point
which can be disputed over, legitimate
or not, will be raised and discussed to
the limit. The Government will cable
the Spanish members of the West In
dian commissions to arrange for the
evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico, a
long series of topics they must suggest
and debate. Careful instructions, how
to urge them and what positions to
take w ill also be tent.
For instance, army delegates aro to
raise a multitude of questions and
quibble over them about the condition
of evacuation; how long a period shall
lie allowed for getting Spain's troops
out; how arms ami other munitions of
War shall be sent home; how men shall
lie transported; upon which side shall
fall the extiense of each one of an in
finity of details connected with the
abandoning of the islands.
Then the navy delegates are to ex
haust the subjects (and American com
missioners) of the rights and claims
of Spain in regard to all ports, arsen
als, docks, defenses and everything else
that promises an opportunity for par
leying. Both the army and navy rep
resentatives w ill be charged to insist
upon Spain's alleged rights in respect
to forts, barracks, palaces, prisons,
public buildings, roads, state lands
and all such things. They, further
more, will be directed to debate over
what shall be done with convicts in
penitentiaries, prisoners in jails under
sentence, over the status of courts,
laws and legislation.
It is evidently a part
plan to seek to establish
Paris Peace Commission a prima facie
case with regard to the Cuban debt.
She will try to bring out strongly all
points touched upon so that her com
missioners may argue forcibly in favor
of requiring Cuba to pay at least a
part of the debt incurred prior to 1895,
in order to offset the outlay of the
Madrid Government in those directions
in previous years. The Ministry iu .
sanguine that the Spanish Cuban ami
Porto Rican commissioners will make
much easier the task of the Spanish
members of the grand commission in
Paris, before which the Cuban debt
certainly will be pressed to the utmost.
Spain purposes, moreover, to make
overtures in the Peace Commission
for commercial treaties which shall
give ner special trade advantages in
Cuba and Porto Rico in exchange for
concessions to the United States in the
Philippines, Ladrones and Carolines.
of Spain's
before the
Treatment for Canker.
Canker in the mouth and throat is
the beginning of roup. If taken in
hand at the start, merely washing a
few times with chlorate of potash dis
solved in water will readily cure.
If allowed to develop into roup the
sick fowls should be separated from
the well ones. Take a small quantity
of copperas and pure carbolic acid.
using about SO parts of these to 100 of
water, and wash the throat and eyes
with it. Give about three drops of
castor oil at night. Qive cooked food
with pulverized charcoal mixed with
it; keep warm and dry until thor
oughly well. With care in time roup
may be cured, but it is highly conta
gious and needs prompt treatment.
' Poultry.
Variety of food cheapens its oost,
as there is more product when the food
is varied. Corn and wheat are stand
ard foods for poultry, and farmers have
contented themselves that grain is
sufficient; but the Indiana Experiment
Station has demonstrated that when
fresh milk is given to chinks intended
to be Bold as "broilers," the gain,
when milk is added to the grain ration,
is nearly twice as much as when grain
alone is used. For laying hens it is
better to give milk liberally, also, as
milk supplies the albumen of the egg
and large share of mineral matter,
which Is deficient In grain. Skimmed
milk is cheap, and ran be very profit
ably used for both, liogs ami j-oultry.
Asked For a Shirt aud Got a Wire.
During the civil war there was a cer
tain young lady in Georgetown who
found it iu her power to do a great deal
for the Confederate soldiers confined
iu prison at Washington. Young, beau
tiful, cultured, popular, of a wealthy
and prominent family, she was fre
quently allowed admission to the pris
on, whither Rbe always took her maid
with a well stocked basket of good
things for the poor boys behind the bars. '
One day as she was passing through a
group of meu iii the common prison she
stopped uud said to them :
' "If there is anything you would like
to have that I can briug you, won't you
let me know? I shall be very glad."
One man stepped forward promptly.
Bowing most courteously, he said:
"If you will be so kind, I should like
very much to have a clean shirt."
He was a young lieutenant from
Louisiana, one of the handsomest aud
most elegant men I ever met, aud when
that young lady looked up Into his
brovru eyes she found it in her heart to
give him much more tuaua clean shirt,
for she married him as scon as the war
was over. Philadelphia Times.
The
Peculiarities of the Potato.
opinion has prevailed among
housekeepers that it is the good potato
which breaks open when it is boiled.
A scientist wbo has made potatoes a
study insists that the good potato is the
one that remains quietly in its coating
of brown during all of the processes of
cooking. Instead of the swelling and
burstiug of the skin being caused by
the presence of starch it has been as
certained that ulbumen is the substance
that causes this breaking open. An or
dinary potato is made np of three
fourths of its weight in water, two
tenths iu starch and one-fiftieth of ui
trogeuous matter. If it cracks and falls
to pieces during the process of boiling,
it is deficient iu albuiueu, and therefore
lacking in the most important constit
uent. New York Ledger.
A Dumas Story,
DuruoH the elder was rarely spiteful
to or about bis fellow meu, but one day,
when ho happened to be in that mood,
a friend called to tell him a piece of
news. "They have just given M. X.
the Legion of Honor," he said. Then
ho added, in a significant tone, "Now,
can yon imagine why they should have
given it to him?" '
"Yes," answered the great dramatist
promptly. "They have given it to him
because be was without it."
Good Progress.
"How are yon getting along with
your housekeeping?" asked the young
wife's mother.
"Ob, splendidly!" she answered. "I
have almost got so I con do things
to suit the hired girl" Wasbiugtoa
Star.
The Flew of Blood.
Professor Mosko, the Italian physiolo
gist, constructed a conch so arranged
that it could be accurately balanced in
the middle w hen the slightest change of
weight should make either end incline.
A man was laid upou it, balanced in a
horizontal position. As he went to sleep
bis head rose aud his feet sank. As be
awoke the opposite occurred, proving
that the blood left th bead in tha con
Condition aud returned to it iu the other.

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