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PIOCHE WEEKLY RECORD.
T. I. OSBORNE, Kimm. riOCHt, IINCOUI CO. IVAOA. ALONG THE Interesting: Occurrence From all Over the Coast. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED N Bulbar f MlHtllMiMtti Brian and artly Told la ColttWB. Jotting ThU The 8. P. Co. pays f 20,000 in taxes at Ventura. The new garbage crematory at Han Diego is in successful operation. Tbe President has appointed George W. Lovie Poatnianter at Redwood, Cal. The twenty-live million fortune to have been inherited by Miss Elliott, of Han Francisoo, proves a myth. A State convention of the Califor nia Teachers' association will be held in Han Francisoo December 38. Tbe main winery on E. E. Good rich's Elquito farm at ttin Jose has been destroyed by Are. Loss, $15,000. Ladybirds introduced into the Ala meda oouuty orchards have caused a great improvement in scale-infested trees. Norwegian steamer Peter Jebsen has been sold to John Roseufelds Co. , Ban Francisoo and will be used as a collier. Tbe Arizona Iinproveuiet Company, the leading irrigating corporation in Halt River Valley, Arizona, is being forced into the hands of a receiver. Mining and commercial societies of California are preparing to celebrate the jnbilee of the disoovery of gold in that Htate, in January of next year. Tbe Realty Syndicate baa purchase i the Piedmont and Mountain View Railroad and tbe syndicate also pro poses purchasing all the electric lines of Oakland. 2 Bishop Charles C. MoCabe, of tbe M. E. Church, Philadelphia, has sent a missionary to the Klondike at his own expense, borrowing if-iOO for the purpose. The Mariposa Driugs f 1,500, 000 in English sovereigns from Australia to Han Francisco, the first shipment in four months, with a total aggregate of $10,000,000. It is believed that the control of the Buldwin and California theaters in Han Francisoo, to be relinquished by Al Hayman will pass into the h mds of Friedlander, Gotlob & Co U. S. Grant, Jr., who is residing at Han Diego, Cal., has been "prominent ly mentioned" thiongbout Southern California aa a candidate for the United States Senate. The State Board of Health is inves tigating the report that splenetic fever exists among oattle in Kern county, with a -view to having the U. S. quar autine laws removed. At San Franoisco plans have been perfected for fighting the sugar trust, January 1, when the five-year oontraot of the Hawaiian planters with the Western Sugar Refinery will expire. A petition for the incorporation ot the city of Bakersileld will be pre sented at the next meeting of the county supervisors in December. The territory embraced is two miles square. The experiment of shipping apples to Honolulu on a sailing versel from Port Towusend, Wash., is being tried. Eight hundred boxes have been for warded on the schooner Robert Low ers, lumber laden for that port. Stockton is to have a large beer brewery of the proper equipment to manufacture tbe best article. Eastern capitalists, will build it at a tost of about $150,000. Satisfactory tests of Stockton water have been made. President Cooper of the fruit grow ers' convention at Sacramento, hus appointed a committee to raise $10, 000 to send an exhibit of fruit to Europe, R. H. Hewitt, G. J. Griffith and Frank Wiggins are the Los An geles members. The cause of the failure of the bank at Delta, Cal., is said to be poor col lections, and the fact that some of it J money t was tied up in the Bank of Montrose, which failed reoeutly. As sets are slated at $110,000 and liabili ties, $70,000. The first 'shipment of this Beacon's orange crop is now going forward. It is calculated that the California crop lor export will amount to 0,000 car loads. ' Sdnie place the quantity as high as 12,000 oarloada. The quality promises to be exceptionally fine. The Board of Education met in San Francisco a few days ago to begin its investigation of tbe charges tbat cer tain of its members in connection with Superintendent of School Buildings Axtell have been levying assessments on teachers, principals and janitors. Yonng Walter Kenueen, who at tended school at Shasta and who tried to set fire to a schoclbouse in Nevada about a year ago, has been accused of other attempts at Carson. It is sup posed that tbe boy has a mania for such work, and his defense is on that line. Three families of Norwegian ar rived in Coqnille, Or. , reoenily adding to the population somewhat. One family brought nine children with them, while tbe two others reported twenty-four children the grand total for the three families -being thirty, three children. Miss Maud Matbewon ot Visalia, who was severly burned some weeks ago, underwent surgical operation recently. Over thirty pieces of skin were grafted on her body where she was so badly burned, and tbe flesh will grow all right. The grafted skin was taken from tbe bsdy of her sister. A numerously signed petition has been presented to the City Connoil of - - f Los Angeles requesting tbat body to can an election lor the purpose or J voting upon the proposition ot issuing I bonds for the establishment ot a muni-1 cipal water system. The petition was referred withoct debaie to the water apply ooainiittee of theCouncil. Plant and specifications for tbe Rose City Milling Company, buildings at Santa Rosa have been drawn op and are in tbe bandi of contractors, who ! n-ill hnn1 in hirta in a f pw dava. The mill building proper will be three toriea high, with a ground area of 2000 feet. The warehonie will be 150 feet long. Mrs. Rolley, an invalid from paral ysis, was bnmed to death in her home at For tuna. While lying on a sofa near a fireplace her olothing became ignited, and before the flames oonld be extinguished by her son, she wai burned so badly that ibe died almost immediately. In endeavoring to ex tinguish the flames her son was also seriously bnmed. A VIRTUE OF OLIVE OIL. Man-of-war-a Mra Ny That It Will Pre vent Intoxication. The glasnes were going round when the man who hail liceu iu the navy spoke: "Wait a minute, boys. We've had several. Let me give you a tip that I learned when I was on the China sta tion. Yon are pretty good drinkers, you Kentucky boys, and you can hold your awn with anylxidy, east, went or north, who trien to put you under Iho table, tut unless you carry out my plau don't rnu ever stack yourself tip against au ICnglishniau, and eseciully au army or 4 intvul officer. You could knock him out mi whisky, but he doesu't drink it, except iu the shape of smoky Scotch uil Irish iihoiiiiiiutions. But cham pagne, burgundy, claret, ale, sherry, madeira, port, pulque iu Mexico, Miki In China, ptilm liquor in Africa, bam boos and shandygaff in India, steer clear of them that is, unless you have the good luck to meet a certain little, yel low faced, wizened Creole from Louisi ana whose recipe is passed around the mess table of United States nien-of -war to this day. "It started in the old days when the British officers always had the pleasure of outstaying their American guests or hosts whenever two ships met on for eign stations. Then that little yellow ievil came along with bis trick, and Hie Englishman has never since come out better than second in any drinking bout The secret? Olive oil. One wine glassful before the fun begins, and, if possible, another later on, and you can keep your wit and legs throughout the dampest evening. I suppose one of two things hapjxins. Either the oil coats the itomach and keeps tbe alcohol from be ing absorbed by tho system, or else it flouts on top and keeps the fumes from rising to the bruin. But you'll have to ask the medicine men about tha. All I know is its practical result, and that bus enabled us Yankee Doodles to go home cheerful and clear headed manv ui eveuiug when our foreign cousins were speechless. " Louisville Courier Journal. AMERICAN TOOLS ABROAD. Purchaaera Found For Them 'ailay) Throughoat tlie World. American tools are sold all over the world. The New York representative of n American tool manufacturing estab lishment when asked where American tools were sent r:ui over the export or ders received that day. They included orders from Hungary, Austria, Ger many, France, England, South Africa and South America. There were alto gether about 20 orders, and from some of the countries named there were two or three orders. Tbe export orders of tho previous day included orders from Russia, Australia and New Zealand, and these wore not unusual orders, but such as are constantly received. In the shipping room at that moment stood cases marked for Java, for Ecuador and for Australia. Many of these orders are small. In some cases there were orders for a single tool, or for two or three; for some orders of half a dozen or two or three dozen to supply orders or to keep lines filled. These small orders are mostly from Eu ropeun countries, with which commu nication is nowadays quick itud conven ient. European merchants order these things just about as merchants in other oities in this country would. It costs no uioro to send to Loudon than it does to Chicago, and it is us easy to send to Berlin as it is to Patersou. The characteristics that commend these American tools to their foreign purchasers are the same that mark American machines and implements generally lightness, fine finish and perfect adaptability to their several uses. The exports of American tixils to all parts of tho world are steadily in creasing. New "York Snu. Sugar-beet rover. Complaints continue to be made in regard to the prices paid by sugar beet factories to the growers for tneir beets. The Sacramento Reoord-Union reoently said: "It is certainly not too much to ask that a rising industry which promises so muoh of benefit to the people of California shall for the first time in the history of the industries of this Stale relating to the soil deal fairly by the agricultural classes. They are en titled to a fair division of the pro3t arising out of the joint effort of the producer of raw material and its man ufacture into higher forms. They carry by far the greatest portion of the riBk, and at least possess rights which al who attempt to discuss this question pate bound to respect. If ths beet sugar industry is launched upon linos whioh relegate the faamer to the low lean of the producer of raw material, we will have developed another indus try whioh contributes to the unequal distribution of wealth and leaves the producer of the raw material in pov erty." Now, there" is one simple remedy for his condition of affairs that is ooni plained of. says the Los Angeies Times. The farmers have it in their power to club together in any section and build a oo-operative beet-sugar faotory of i weir own, by whioh means they will become both producer of beets and the manufacturers of sugar. It is not necessary for the farmers to have a large amo'tntof capital in order to start such an enterprise as this. In fact, it may be done without any capital at all. If the farmers will pledee a sufficient amnnnt nf - . v. UU V " support a beet-sugar faotory, and will bond tbat land, capitalists will be ready to put up a factory and deliver it in working order. TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. Condensed Telegraphic Reports of Late Events. BRIEF SPARKS FROM THE WIRES. Budget of Newe for Kaajr btMtl-All fart or the Country Keareaentad letaraetlMB; Item. The Santa Fe Railroad is arranging to equip its passensger cars with elec tric lights. A smelter trust is being organized at Denver to include this country and tSritish Columbia. Senator Perkins announces that be is opposed to granting to Alaska a ter ritorial form of government. I Tbe new form of interchangeable mileage ticket issued by the Western roads is proving very popular. At Fall River, Mass., an increase of 10 per cent in wages has been an nounced in the Jersey woolen mill. Tbe Rambler bicycle company have put tbe price of their 1898 wheels at $60 and tbe bicycle pattern of iyi7 will sell at $50. Sixty students at Vassar College are reported ill, the effect of eating im properly cooked veal. They are pro nounced out of danger. Mrs. Terrill and nephew, Edward Mason, were burned to death on a farm a few miles from Peru, N. Y., by the explosion of a lamp. The Controller of the Currency has declared a dividend of 35 pel cent in favor of the creditors of Tbe Dalles National Bank of The Dalles, Or. The supreme court of New Jersey has denied the application for a re count of the votes of tbe anti-gambling amendment to the State constitution. Rev. Nathan Tibbals, founder of the old publishing house of Tibbals & Sons, New York City, died at his home iu Brooklyn, N. Y., recently, aged 83 years. The handsome colonial residence of Lieutenant Edwin S. Jacobs, United States Navy, retired, at Northampton, Va., was burned to the ground. Loss, about $75,000. Chicago experts after a few years' experiouce with vitrified brick pave ment, say it is equal to granite and much better than asphalt or oedar block paving. It is cheaper, too. Through a contract closed by Presi dent A. E. Stillwell of tbe Missouri, Kansas and Texas Trust Company. a line of European steamers is to be established at Port Arthur, Tex. The government has brought suit in the United States oourt at Boise. Idaho, to recover 8,300 acres of land in the Blaokfoot land district proven ud on under the desert land act, on ac count of fraud. Sixteen head of oattle were roasted alive in a oanta Fe oattle oar at Wak arusa Station, Kas. The bellowing of the tortured beasts attracted the en tire inhabitants of the surrounding country to tbe scene. George A. Taylor, cashier of the defunct Argentina Bank at Kansas City, was sentenced to four years in the Kansas Penitentiary for receiving deposits when he knew that the bank was in an insolvent condition. An investigation of the soldiers' homes will be made by congress as tbe result of the report of Inspector-General Breckenridge, who recommends that the administration of tho homes be transferred to the war department. John Britton, late Major of the Eighteenth Cavalry, died reoently in New Y'ork, aged 00 years. He was engaged iu forty-nine battles, and was one of the 5000 picked men who par ticipated in Kilpatriok's raid on Rich moud, Va. Customs offioers from Boston have seized a Binall schooner at Eastport, Me., having on board a cargo of twenty-five boxes of tin plate, which had been smuggled into the country. This is the first known attempt at smuggling tin plate. Acting Assistant Attorney-General Barrett for the Postoffice Department has decided that a State has no author ity to tax the emoluments paid to auv officer or agent which the United states may use and employ as neces sary and proper means to execute its sovereign power." The assassination of Hon. John M. Clayton has been revived by the re ceipt of a letter by Governor Jones of Arkansas, written from Pitts, Ga., by a person siguing the name of Luther Atkins. Tbe writer of tbe letter re calls the crime, inquires about the re. wards and states that he can locate the murder and produce proof of guilt. Fied B. Ketoham has been awarded a verdict of $31,600.33 by the jury in Judge Clifford's oourt in Chioago in his suit against the Northwestern Rail road for $25,000 damages for black list. During the great strike of the American Railway Union, Ketcham was employed as a conductor for the Northwestern road. He joined tho strikers and was blacklisted. A frightful aooident occurred at the lower smelter at Anaconda, Montana, recently, whioh may result in two deaths. Michael Crogan and a man named Kelly were at work under the Canoine furnaces. In some unknown manner a torch holding nearly a gallon of oil was upset, and the men were so badly burned before they could be res oued that death seems sure. The Treasury Department has re ceived a Dumber of applications from newspapers indifferent arts of the country for permission to send repre sentatives on the expedition for the re lief of the ice-bound whalers in the Arctio. As only one or two at the most could be accommodated on the Bear, the department, in order to avoid the appearance of favoritism, t-ua de cided not (o allow any newspaper man to accompany the expedition. Mr?. Frank P. Arbuckle, of Denver, Colorado, whose husband was'killed in New York a year ago, has gone to that city to endeavor to unravel tbe in Her j of his death. She claims be was murdered, and that the police, for some occult reason, dropped tbe investigation. i FOREIGN NEWS. About one hundred thousand tons of carbon are annually sent up tbe Lon don chimneys in the form of smoke. A jury has been impaneled in Hono lulu to try several natives who killed John Milton in August after a drink ing bout A woman, Miss Emma Hart, will act aa United States Consular agent at Edmundson, N. B. , during tbe absence of Agent Guy. A new placer gold field has been found about thirty-eight miles from Kurnelpi, West Australia. Pay is half an ounce to the man. Earl Cadogau, lord lieutenant of Ire land, has beenelected president of the Union of Conservatives Association, in succession to the Earl of Derby. Irishmen throughout tbe United States are preparing to send large dele gations to Ireland next year to cele brate the centennial of the rebellion of 17118. Tbe attempt to overthrow the gov ernment at Montevideo, Uruguay, S. A., seems to have ended with the arrest of Dr. Aerrera y Obes. Every thing is now q-.iet. Tbe town of Loretto, Ecuador, has been destroyed by a hurricane. Only a few scattered buildings are left standing, and it is reported that tbe loss of life is very great. Tbe British steamer Maritime, Cap tain Hughes, from Galveston for Bre men, Germany, is ashore at Egmond-Aan-Zee, on tbe North sea. Assist ance has been sent to her. The Czar of Russia has approved the appointment of Counselor Martens, professor of iuternational law in the University of St. Petersburg, as um pire iu the Anglo-Venezuelan arbitra tion. Birmingham, Eng., turns out every week 300,000,000 cut nails, 100,000, 000 buttons, 4000 miles of wire of different sizes, five tons of hairpins, 500 tons of nuts, and 20,000 pairs of spectacles. The report that the Spanish Govern ment intends, in return for his service as Governor-General of Cuba, to ap point Lieutenant-General Weyler Gov-eror-General of the Philipine Islands, is officially denied. The allowance of the Lord Mayor of London, up to the Mayoralty of Sir Sidney VVaterlow in 1872, was $40,000 annually; but it was increased in tbat year to $.i0,000, at which sum it has ever since remained. A dispatch to the London Times fnin Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, says that President Monae has issued a decree establishing martial law for 30 days. The evidenoe of a politioal conspiracy in connection with tbe recent attempt to assasinate the president is increas ing. In the course of a speech in tbe Chamber of Deputies Paris, duiing the debate on the subject of agricul ture, M. Melines, tbe Premier, ex pressed the hope that the day would come when bimetallism would triumph as a solution of the agricnltural de pression. La Preusa, in commenting on tbe increase in duties on petroleum and pine timber, in the Argentine Re public, H. A., which were made as an act of retaliation against tbe Dingley law of the United States, predicts tbat the increase will not have the expected effect. The first-class German cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, having on board the German ocntiugent of the international army of occupation in Crete, has gone to Port Said, probably en route to the far East. It is intimated that the cruiser is to reiuforoe the German fleet now at Kiao Chau, China. A Buenos Ayres, South America, dispatch to the London Times says that fiost has damaged the harvest in tbe Argentine Republic at least 10 per cent. The Times coirespondent at Valparaiso, Chili, says the harvest of cereals will be 1-3 greater than it was last year, while all crops promise above the average. There is no immediate prospect of the conclusion of the reciprocity nego tiations between the United States and France. Both Governments have pre sented elaborate statistics to show their respective positions in any reciprocity arrangement, but the matter has not progressed to the point where an agree ment cun be foreseen. A dust oyolone swept over the north west portion of the colony at Mel bourne, Australia. It was especially severe in the Wimmera district, where several towns were wreoked, many churobes and prominent buildings be ing ruined. One town alone suffered damage to the amount of $250,000. Several persons were seriously injured. Sir Henry Doulton, head of the firm of Doulton & Company, Lambeth lot teries, London, is dead. Sir Henry was born in Cauxhall in 1820, and be gan training for a potter at the age of 17. He commenced art pjttery and the manufacture of Doulton ware in 1870. Sir Henry was a Cheavalier of the Legion of Honor, and received tbe Albert medal of the Society of Arts. J. Kramer of Vladivostok, Russia, left Taooma, Wash., for San Frauois oo, where he will place with tbe Union Iron Works orders for several steamboats for use on the Ainoy nver in Russia. He endeavored to have tbe steamers built here and at Seattle, but oould get no firm to take the orders, as all Sound boat-builders were crowded with orders for the Kloudyke trade. H. Cornell, who, it is said, was for merly a partner in the well-known firm of iron manufacturers of tbat name of New York, has been declared a bank rupt in London, with labilities esti mated $40,003 and no assets. It is re ported tbat Mr. Cornell, in addition to an income of $20,000 a year, re ceived $125,000 under the will of his father in 1887. Since August, 1894, it is added that Mr. Cornell has lived at the rate of $55,000 a year. Russia has made a demand on Tur key for the payment of the arrears on the, Russia-Tukish wat indemnity. Tbe Czar takes tbe position that the Porte oan afford to pay debts if it spends money on a new armament. Tbe Schuylkill colliery, a familiar landmark of the Mahoning valley, Pa., wbiob has been iu operation since 1868, has been abandoned. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Helpful Suggestions Agriculturists. For the HINTS THAT ARE INTERESTING. 4iattMMt Ad vies for tae Karallsta Jk Bad (at af Knowledge That May Proaa BeaaBclel. Blua Heefateaka. The senseless practioe of sulphuring nuts and cured fruits is coining in just at present for some emobatio soor - iug by level-beaded fruit-growers and newspapers, and it is to be hoped that the warfare will be kept up until the very name of sulphur will call for an indignant protest by every grower, dealer and consumer, says the San Jose Mercury. During the last year or two a complete change in the views of growers oonoerning the desirability of sulphuring has taken place, and if the practioe is still continued it is because the consumers, who should be the first to object to it, persist in pre ferring tbe light-oolored fruit or nuts, bleached by the fumes of sulphur, to those wbiob have their natural color and flavor. When the majority of tbe consumers learn tbat tbe unsulphured fruit is in reality the best, the demand for sulphured fruit will cease and the grower will be saved tbe useless ex pense of sulphuring his fruit. Leonard Coates asked a few weeks ago if a beefsteak would sell better if painted blue. It would, should tbe publio take an absurd notion to buy only blue beefsteaks. So with dried fruit. So long as consumers demand the bleached artiole the growers, against their own wish and in opposi tion to their own judgment, will be compelled to bleach their fruit. But it should be their aim and that of the fruit dealers and tbe newspapers to educate tbe consumers up to the fact that sulphured fruit is no better than fruit bearing its natural oolor, and that as a rule it is inferior to it. The practice of sulphuring, remarks the California Fruit Grower, under cer tain conditions, either deteriorates, or it induces deterioration in tbe quality of the fruits or nuts treated. It arrests, it is true, possible fermenta tion, and it gives tbe fruit or nut a much lighter and possibly more agree able oolor. "Honest growers, from time to time, have refused to sulphur their peaches or other fruit, only to be driven finally from their position because the darker oolored goods oould only be disposed of at a greatly re duced price. They were forced to re turn to the practice of sulphuring in order to save themselves from bank ruptcy. The duty of the California orchardist and fruit-bandler in this matter would appear to be plain, namely, if the consumptive demand insists upon being furnished with a sulphured peach, apricot or almond why, lurn.'sb it. If people insist upon having pink navel oranges, or if they insist upon having blue beefsteaks, get out the necessary pigments and give the people the very thing they de mand. But there is another Bide to the proposition." t'olleniiKtion. At a recent meeting of the Southern California Pomologioal Society, Prof. Cook read a paper, prefacing it by a statement regarding the possibility of introducing entomology into the publio scnoois. lie came to California pri manly because tbe subject had been in troduoed into publio schools, but be found that it had been thrown out of the schools. He said he had ohanged bis subject, the paper touching on physiology of plant life. He said the expert breeder of animals worked to ward given ends, but led to tbe weak ening of tbe constitution of the species. If we look to breeding to ward excellence, both parents must be excellent. The same truths may be applied to vegetable life. All our high-bred fruits are sterile to their own pollen. In the development of animal and vegetable world the naturo advanced with tbe development of eggs and seeds, which did not prevail with first animals and vegetation. Prof. Cook took exception to the theory ad vanced by W. C. Fuller of Colton.that absence of seeds in the navel orange is a sign of weakness. He believed, on the contrary, that the absenoe of seed is a mark of strength, providing man continues to look after tbe propagation of the needless varieties. Nature works for the propagation of the spe oies through seeds. But man works for the improvment of tbe pulp of the fruit. Select whatever ideal standard you wish, but do not fail to look after tbe vigor of stock, which is not de pendent on the presence of seeds, Breed toward what you desire, ever keeping vigor in view. Pollination does not affect the pulp, but does affect the seed. Navels produced in other varieties of oranges show that all varieties tend to produce navel oranges, but the preseuoe of the navel on such fruits as blood oranges does not indi cate cross-pollination with the Wash ington navel, which we now know to be impossible. ' For tbe cross-pollination of fruits we need the honey bee, which alone is capable of handling tbe pollen. The bee is therefore indis pensable as an accompaniment of horti culture. He advanced as a theory the belief that the presenoe ot the navel on an orange prevents the development of seeds, and this in turn leads in time to sterility of pollen. The question of the effect of cross pollination on the pulp of fruit led to the testimony of a number of fruit growers, that they had experienced in olives and orange;! the effect of cross pollination on pulp. Western Roll. The investigation of the soils, made with the aid Weather Bureau, which Southern California, the San valley and the great Palouse Western of the covers Joaquin district, comprising tbe fertile wheat-growing districts of California, Washington and Montana, the Yellowstone valley, tbe Red river valley and also the Mo jave and Nevada deserts, have devel oped some astounding facts, and some which tbe Department of Agriculture is not yet able to explain. Professor Whitney says the historv of these soils will make the most re markable chapter in the history of tbe world's agriculture. Although these soils, excepting tbe Red river and des ert districts mentioned, have from one fifth to one-half the annual rainfall re ' reived by the terrritory east of the Mis sissippi river (that is, from seven to twenty inches) tbey do seldom, if ever, suffer from drought. Moreover, prao : tically all the rainfall tbey do receive comes in the fall and winter seasons. , Only a slight fraction falls during tbe : summer months when tbe crops are ' growing. Yet the crops do not suffer. An in vestigation of these Far Western soils ! has shown tbat they are largely made I up of the disintegration of the original basaltio rock and that there is little ! difference between the soils and sub- ! toils, difference very marked in tbe East. Tbey have a remarkable power for absorption of moisture and do not really lose it by evaporation, although the humidity of tbe atmosphere during the growing season is much lower thin in the East. Thus the crops, by sub sisting on the winter rains, can stand long periods of drought. In the San Joaquin valley, the great grape-growing region of California, tbe annual rainfall is bnt seven inches, and from Miy to September ony about six-tenths of an inch falls, yet the vines flourish throughont tbe season. It is true they are irrigated by canals, but the moisture is absorbed and trans mitted by the soils. There is no sur face application of water. Adulterated Honey. It is often stated, and has been so pronounced by high scientific author ity, that honey adulterated with glu oose is entirely wholesome, says Prof. A. J. Cook. I think this a mistake and feel sure I can sustain the position I take. When bees are confined to tbe hives through long winters they inva riably die if given a diet exclusively of glnoose, although if fed cane syrup they often winter better than if fed or permitted to feed on honey. Again, bees will not eat glucose if they can find any other food; will not even gather and store it if other and better sweets are to be secured. It is a grave wrong and injury to the producer of any food product to sell as such product a fraudulent article. In case of honey, there is a double wrong done the beekeeper. The adul terated article has a brassy or metallic taste, which, though not enough to cause a rejection of the artiole. will cause one to soon tire of it, and thus tbe reputation of and demand for good housy suffers. Every beekeeper is interested in the suppression of this rascally business, and they are all eager tbat laws should be made and enforced looking to that end. Cali fornia has an admirable law, as have many other states. The beekoepers' unions, mat nave already done such effective work in defending tbe rights oi beekeepers, are planning to see that erooient laws be enacted and enforced all along the line, that their business no longer suffer roui this heavy curse. the whole people Bhould grant them support. It has been shown that adul teration of honey is a danger to the health of our people. Our chemists oan detect the evil. Thus we may hope that before very long honey adul teration will cease to harm onr people ana tne Deekeeping industry. Adul'eritted .telllen. xuu oiaie r-ruit urowers conven tion, recently held in Sacramento, is proceeding along hues which will nu doubtedly result in muoh good to Culi fornia, says the S. F. Post. President Cooper, in his annual address, called attention to the manufacture in this oity of immense quantities of alleged jellies, 'in the composition of whioh not a single trace of natural fruit en tered, and which were composed en tirely of gluoose matter aud coloring ayes. ne great wrong thus done the State and the fruit growers was made more manifest by Mr. Cooper's statement that this policy was fol lowed, notwithstanding the fact that tons upon tons of the natural fruit were nnavailingly seeking a market Ihe only remedy for this evil, he pointed out, was a strict enforcement of the pure food laws, and all the fruit growers wereuiged to insist upon such action and to aid in securing adequate punishment lor the offenders. California fruits are just beginning to obtain a foothold in tbe Eastern and European markets. In past years con ditions were such that shipments were made with great danger of attendant loss. The growers have, by mutuality or action ana successful experiments, overcome many of the greatest obsta cles, and they are beginning to reap a deserved reward. They apparently are awako to the fact that in order to re tain the good name of California's pro ducts, honesty, not only in actual transactions of business, but in the quality of goods shipped, is absolutely essential. Tbe fruit growers are in a position to secure this high standard in the world's markets by simply pur suing with vigor and determination the excellent course they have alreadv marked out. The War. There are some society girls who like to marshal together all tho trophies of a seusou, m the sham) of euchre prizes. germuu favors and invitations galore to all sorts of functions, where tbey may le seen of men and bring green eyed glances of jealousy into the eves of other girls not favored quite so much. but the queerest effort of this kind that ever came under the notice of the writ er was a pyramid of empty candy boxes stacked up from floor to ceiling in a cor ner of the parlor. The largest was of course, at the base, and there was every make aud style, gradually diminishing to the top. This dashing girl, with tho immense capacity for diwtroriuu ruudv. excepted every male visitor to add to tne number as she started a nlaufc in each of the other comers of iherooni. Of course a tremendous rivalry wentrrm among her visitors and admirers to get the finest and most unique native mid imported boxes. Strange to snv. !, married a mau who had never added a lone box to the pile, but he beli d i destroy some of the most toothsome offerings of other fellows. New Or leans Times-Democrat. By the old Saxim law a maiden mid n widow were of different value. The bit ter could be bought for one-half the sum which the guard iaii of maid was en titled to demand. A man, therefore, who could uot afford to buy a maiden might perhaps be able to purchase a widow. Serving Humanity Christ loved la tbe Samaritan way, aud served hu manity at Infinite cost to himself. Rev. C. N. Bowers, Clinton, Mass. God'a Plan. All Intellectual attain ment Is simply a knowledge of how (iod plans and speaks. Rev. John Poucher. Methodist, Grecncastle, Ind. Friend of the Poor. Tbe church tends to improve the poor man's lot, aud i in reality bis best friend. Rev. Dr. Simpson, Mrthodlst, San Francis co, Cal. Mind and Heart. Mind is the begin ning of civilization, but the ends and fruitage thereof are of the heart. Rev. N. D. Hillls, Independent, Chicago. Sunday. Both men and animals live longer and do better work by taking one day In seven for physical rest. Rev. C. H. Polhemus, Congregational ism, Denver, Colo. Love. Love Is not sentimental non sense, but righteousness. It is houesty, sobriety and fairnes. Rev. A. A. Bui-le, Congregatlouullat, Boston, Mass.' The Day of Rest. Sunday ought uot to le a lazy day. To lie about the house all day unwashed and unshaven is not true rest. Rev. Dr. Baptist, Chicago, 111. Jackson, Treason to the King. The only thing in this great lnud Is King Law. Any effort to tlrag him from his throne Is treason. Rev. Cortlaudt Myers, Bap tist, Brooklyn. X. Y. The Harvest. What a man sows be reaps. From thought he goes to deed, from deed to habit, from habit to char acter, from character to destlny.-Rev. Kerr B. Tupper, Baptist, Philadelphia, Pa. Friendship Blessed is the great man who, amid his ill-fortune, retains ever one earthly friend. It la not the least tribute to his greatness. Rev. C. W. Williams, Baptist, Denver, Colo. Money. There Is no real difference between the spendthrift and tbe miser. The art of siwndlng Is greater than tlw art of making money. Rev. Frank Crane, Methodist, Chicago, 111. Impatience. Oneof the marked char acteriHiics of these lust days of the nineteenth century is its iini,ntiui,,. its restlessness, its discontent it.,..' Frank L. Louisville, l'halen, Congregationali-st. Ky. Pleasures. Heretofore tli Sunday cnurcus rival Iu the contest for the possession of Sunday has been labor. The time Is in sight when her rival will be amusement. Rev. ss. D. jif Conuell, Episcopalian, Brooklyn, X. Y. Degeneration. There is something simply awful in the growing tendency of the modern individual to take in hand the precious gift of life aud fling it back In the face of his Creator. Rev. James J. Baxter, Catholic, Boston, Mass. Faithfulness Xot only In the lower relations of life must we le faithful, hut to tbe higher spiritual duties rmist we be faithful with all the considera tion of devotion. Bishop I,. W. Button, Episcopalian, Philadelphia, Ta. Hypocrisy. A man may grow rich robbing widows' houses, and tbe church elect him In an olllce if he will give a tithe of his ill-gotten gains to found a chnlr.In u denominational col legeRev. X. M. Waters, Methodist, Chicago, 111. Righteousness. The righteousness of GikI Is so reveuled In Christ that It is known (D through the Word. i2i It com mands assent, and CI) it Is effectual only when we yield our trust. Rev. J. Wedmuu, Presbyterian, Philadelphia," ' Pa. CONVERTIBLE TROLLEY CARS. They Cau Be Quickly Changed from Open to Closed Vehicles. The managers of the street railway companies and the traveling public are unanimous In one thlng-the deslrabili lty of a practical form of convertible street car one that can be used in summer as well as In winter. The. managers wnut them because thev onlv have to Invest half the amount of cap ital that two sets necessitate, and onlv have to provide half tbe number of li censes, while the nassemrers want them as a protection iu rainy weather and during the transitional periods of the seasons. The form here Illustrate,! Is practical, and lias been built and op erated with entire satisfaction. Tbe car Is of a peculiar round, or horseshoe, shape, which allows of the glass sash es and panel sides being raised and lowered; when open being carried over head In the roof and out of (sight, but ever ready for service when sudden storms or cold weather make It desinw ble to have tho car closed. The In terior of the car Is both attractive COWEnTlBl.F. TROI.1.ET CAR. and roomy, aud the curved Hues of construction, while Htranze t fWf may Impress one as being more artls! tic than the straight lines, with angu- ar points. Moreover, the maximum width comes Just about the slinni.i- height of the average person, so that the seats are more roomy and comfort able than the ordinary two-seat car. llora le Witt's lrfng Hide. Dora De Witt, who left Kansas City Aug. 22, to ride a bicycle to New York and back, returned to the city yester day. She made the trip from here to New York in nineteen days of actual riding. On her return she rode from Xew York to Chicago In fifteen days. She contracted a severe cold in Chi cago and came home on the train. Hep best day's ride was 130 miles and the. poorest oniy nrty miles. she aver- agtti eighty-Qve miles a day. Miss De Witt only had one bad fall during the trip, and she was forced to shoot only one dog with the revolver she carried for the purpose of protect ing herself. Kansas City Stat