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FIOCHE IEEILY RECORD.
statu, mmj m. IHUt LIFE OF ANCIENTS. New Discoveries Among Chaldean Ruins. the WORK OF EXPLORERS FROM BERLIN. Mag lnelgntlene let Ine Keglon 111 Ararat a a 4 the Head waters af the Tigris. New York. A cable to the Knu from London nays: From iterlin cornel news of discoveries made by Dr. Ilelck near Lake Van. He and lr. I.ehmann are searching (or Chaldean inscriptions, and the cost of their expedition is being defrayed from fund to which the principal contributors are the Kaiser mid the Virohow Institute. Acoording to letters dated Tiflis, November SJHtb, the two explorers, in excavating among the ruin of the palaoe of tbe Chaldean King Argastes II, came across tbia monarch' wine cellar. , It wan filled with colossal earthenware vessels, few of which have lieen secured for tbe Iterlin Mu seum. Of far greater importance, however, is their discovery of inscriptions on the drain of tbe palace, which furnish a complete chronology to the time of tbe Assyrian King Tibial 1'halasar, about the eighth century liefore Christ. Ilelck and bis colleague intend now to visit the uper Tigris, Mossul and Nineveh, and to continue their investi gations in what is probably the home of the earliest civilization, the district between .Mount Ararat and the upper readies of the Tigris and Ktiphrates. Dr. William M. I'etrie has now con clusively proved that Kgypt was in habited by men previous to 4000 years before Christ. Excavation lietween Nugade and Ballon show that some foreign race inimt have driven out tbe early inhabitants of tbe country. I'etrie thinks that thin prehistoric race in Kgypt flotirixhed about 5000 IS. C, or possibly even earlier. The people were probably of Libyan stock with some negro mixture. The relics found constated chiefly of statuettes, games, slate palettes for grinding paint, beau tifully ribbed flint knives of extreme delicacy, forked lances arrows, carved spoons, harpoons, earrings and combs. consumption -s Victims. lar a Handrail Thousand I.Ives Annu ally Racrltlesd ta lha IMaease. New York. A London cable to the Sun says: The address of Dr. William Ji road bent, president of the Society for tbe I'revention of Consumption, con tains the following startling statistics: "We learn from the returns of the Keg-istrar-Ueneral that nearly 00,000 deaths are every year registered as due to tuberculosis in England and Wales alone, and to this number may be added a considerable percentage of the deaths set down to acute affections of tbe lungs, in which tubercle has played an unrecognized part. Of these over 40,000 are from consumption, 6000 from tuberculous disease of the intes tines and mesenteric glands, and C5HI from tubercular meningitis. "The destructive work of tubercu losis does not end here; 550 deaths art- attributed to other forms of tubercu losis, among which are diseases of tbe hones, humpback, hip-joint disease, disease of the knee, ankle, elbow, wrist and other joints, which cripple or disable so many children, are the j sign manual of the tubercle" ' The society has decided to investi gate tbe report of s new cure which has come from St. Petersburg. Dr. Lovsky has been making experiments with natrum cinuamylicum, for which he announces wonderful results. At a meeting of the Russian Society of Medicine Dr. Lovsky recently gave par ticulars of five cases upon which be had produced visible effects by injec tions of natrum cinnamylicnm. AFTER YUKON MAIL CONTRACT. A Washington Capitalist Will Try to Purchase II. Tacoma (Wash.). Harrington Emer son, a capitalist of Washington City, is after the valuable Yukon mail con tract now held by P. C. Kichardson of Seattle. He is willing to buy it out right, and left for the north a few days ago for the purpose of tt'inting Richard son np and looking thoroughly into the matter. The contract that Emerson desires to purchase is officially known as No. 178,105, and has caused the Postoflice Department more trouble than any other mail contract. It pro vides for bi-monthly service from Juneau to the mouth of the Tanana river. It is to r in for three years and nine months, and will end June 30, K02. The compensation is considered very liberal, and makes the contraot very valuable. It is at the rate of $56,000 per year. Mails for Dawson are now stalled at lakes liennett and Tsgish. It is hard to say when they will start moving. Emerson believes Richardson has been handicapped for lack of capital, and that by supplying this deficiency the mails can tie put through on con tract time. He has offered the White Pass railway 10 cents per pound for transporting it Irom bkagway to Ben nett. Emerson will continue his trip as lar as Dawson. Celambla Klver Parkers Combine. Astoria (Or.). Instructions have been received from A. B. Hammond at New York to proceed with the inoor- Mirution of the Columbia River Pack ing Association. The company will con fist ot a combination of all imortant salmon packers on the Lower Columbia river. It will be capitalized at $2, 000,000, and its principal office will lie located at Astoria. Armour's Olft to Princeton. Princeton, N. 4. It is 'announced that George A. Armour of the class of '77 has given $10,000 to Princeton Cn- iversity to found a classical department in the university library. . For tbe next tnreo years lie w ill give $2700 an- nually for the further support of the department. Mr. Armour camo to Prinoetou from Chicago four years ago. YUKON BOATS IN DIRE PERIL. rul la Ik Ira nae) Alawt an ft Crash. Seattle (Wash.). The chances are j many that a number of Yukon river j steamers will 1 lost when tne ic break op iu the spring. Korne were caught in very unprotected places and ran hardly esiaite being broken op. Tat Maloney brought to Iiawson the i firat authentic ne from the lower t river. fleet is tuck fact on a bar City mile below Circle City. Tbe line steamer Arnold of the Alaskan Exploration Coinany's fleet waa caught by tbe ice while fast on a bar some thirty miles below Forty Mile. She is in an exposed condition ami can hardly i-ape ulti mate destruction. A r.ack boat of the Kit pi re line, tbe Seattle, is reported stuck twelve mile below Circle City. She is on a bar and ice was jammed np all around her. She is almost certain to lie wrecked before the winter is over. They pass. I , tbe Tacoma stuck n the bead of an i.l.n.1 l-lo Coal creek. Her crew ! lOW was removing her machinery, which was suggestive of the lioelewness of her osition. The John C. Barr, the river packet of the North American Transportationjand Trailing Company's fleet, wan taed thirty-live miles l- low Forty Mile. Sha appeared to he in is rapi.ny aeveiopirg, ami n n is noi a very unsafe position. 'captured by the United States now it Thirty prominent citirens of Damson will I lost for many years to come, have been indicted for perjury in con- He advises that a permanent exposition nection with a recent stampede to Ken-! he located in the American settlement tucky creek, a short distance below j in connection with the Consulate Pawson. Some of them are likely to : General, and that its national cbarac serve long terms in prison for false ! ter should J strongly emphasized, swearing after their cases have been He joints out that American trade given trial. Kentucky creek is a branch j in the region has sr. far been pushed, of Twelve-mile, and was the scene of but balf-beartdly, and that the agents several stampedes in November. The! of many of tbe American bouses at prospects found on bedrock did not i tempting to do business there are ier- warrant such a flutter, but the proxim-1 ity of the creek to Dawson is probably j the most feasible explanation of the great interest manifested. There' are 1 many Dawsonites who care more for j speculative values than for intrinsic i worth. The story got started that the (iold Commissioner was about to close tbe creek to further staking. This in tensified the excitement, and the desire to secure claims grew to be a mania. Men became reckless and swore to any thing. As a result, complaints have been filed with Crown Prosecutor Sheridan, accusing some thirty persons with false swearing and perjury. TRYING TO LAND AT HAWAII. Chinese Io Not KelUh Anneislloa -Oar Laws Nat Weteouie. Washington. Assistant Secretary Howell of the Treasury Department has under consideration tho cases of a number of Chinese seeking readmission to Hawaii, and has submitted the ques tions involved to Attorney tieneral Origgs. At different periods before the annexation of Hawaii to this! country many Chinese left Hawaii with the intention of returning after going to China on visits or engaging in business elsewhere. They complied with the Hawaian laws entitling them to return. , When they learned of the annexation ot tbe islands anl the establishment of United States laws over Hawaii many of them hastened back to the island. Inpector Brown of the United States Government denied them ad mission on the ground that under the law of the United States they were not eutitled to come back. Tbe case was carried before Justice Judd of tbe Ha waiian Supreme Court. He decided that the Chinese ought to be admitted. Brown has taken an appeal to tbe Treasury Department, and tbe case will be given careful consideration. Under the laws of this country a Chi nese going away must secure from the Collector of the Port from which be sails a certificate that lie has a family or property here and is entitled to re turn w ithin a year. Tbe attorney for the Chinese in Ha- wan maintain that it is unfair to en force tbe laws of tbe United States upon people who went out of Hawaii believing that they could return under the laws which then existed. It is thought likely that the Attorney Gen eral will uphold tbe decision of the Hawaian Judge and admit the Chi nese. Nearly 800 Chinese will 1 de barred unless the decision holds. opposing the Treaty. Washington. The opponents of the peace treaty bave determined upon a plan of campaign, it is said. It is the intention now to use the appropriation bills as a means of filibustering in the hope of delaying a vote until the sea sion is ended on tbe 4th of March. While the 'antis do not make the posi tive claim that the treaty would not be ratified if it came to a vote, thev de clare that the printed lists of more than sixty Senators who will vote for the treaty are incorrect, for, as a mat ter of fact, the friends of the treaty are still fire votes short. Both sides ad mit that neither the proposition to close debate nor to consider the treaty in oin session can be adopted, and it is upon the theory that the debate may be indefinitely prolonged that the op ponents are proceeding. The friends of the treaty are evenfroore confident, However, and say the antia are simply whistling to keep up their courage. To Kxploit Rubber Lands. New York. The Exploration Com pany of the Amazon has been organized under the laws of the State of Virginia with an authorized capital of $10,000, OOO.with tbe power to purchase rubber lands and concessions in foreign coun tries. It is understood that a number of leading rubber manufacturers of the United States are interested in this corporation with the idea of obtaining their rubber through the ownership of rubber lands. Richard F. Sheares has just arrived from the Amazon w ith plana of the several important produc ing districts. Another Alaska Bin. Washington. Chairman Knox of the House Committee on Territories has received bill drawn by the Citizens' Committee at Juneau, providing a plan of government for that territory. The subject is about to be taken up by the committee in connection with the Carter bill, providing a form of gov- I eminent. The citizens bill preserves the main feature of the Carter bill, but gives to the President, instead of tbe courts, the selection of cominissoners and other officers. Before acting the ; committee w ill hear Governor Brady. TRADE OF CHINA. Suggestions From the Council at Shanghai. ! EXPOSITION FOR THAT PLACE URGED Asaerira Haa Ike AaWaaiage la lha lei Merrial CeateeS if Haa Will Maka I ml Ike nnortaeily. Washington. Consul-general Good ; now of Hbanghai writestoacorresi-.nd-'ent in New York strongly recommend ! ing an American-Chinese exposition in ; Mianghai. He says that practically all ! foreign trade for Middle and Northern China goes through Shanghai, and an exition there will reach tbe trade of "' an-ise ""e, a..u w.. ........ He says that the customs reports show that tbe imports from tbe United States have increased at the expense 'of imuorta from other nations. We are nur-. fhin m:irket. freights ! ' are lexs, and the feeling of the Chinese is more friendly t Americans tban to 1 any other nationality. This is the ; time, he says, to push tbe trade which mans and fcnglisbmen who bave a strong national leeliuj! and are not in-1 clinet to pusn American goous ai ine expense of tbe manufacturers of their own country. He pointed out that the local anent is the man with whom the Chinese merchants tome in -oiitact, and, knowing him to be reliable, they depend upon his advice and accept bis recommendations much more readily than any printed advertisements. The colors of lalls, the form in which g'iods are put up and many other apparently immaterial matters bave a decided effect on Oriental sales. i In cotton goods, for instance, the Chi : nese trade gets special widths which American manufacturers, do not deem it worth while to supply, w hereas Ger man and English firms, by simple at tention to this demand, control a large and important market. American in ventions, such as bicycles and phono graphs, are being rapidly introduced. Consul Good now urges strongly that this is the time for American manufac turers in every line to put their own men on the ground and acquaint them selves thoroughly with Oriental trade conditions, for tbe East promises a vast and easily obtainable market, which soon will be usurped by other nations if we do not push our national advan tages there at the present time. COST OF THE ARMY PROPOSED figures Habmittad on the Mull Nearly Blity Millions Mora. Blll- Washington. ine cost o! the pro posed military establishment under the 1 1 -ill bill reported to the House, as compared w ith the present regular military establishment, not counting the volunteer forces incident to the war, is shown in letters sent by Adiu tant-General Corbin to Chairman Hull of the House Military Committee. It gives the present cost of the regular army at (34,443,480; cost under the proposed bill, 82,053,8H.i; increase of cost, 137,710,231. The cost as applied to the three main department of tbe army is as follows: Quartermaster's department, present cost, 17,107,000; proposed, $40,013, 246. Subsistence department, preeeut cost, :',i3,7i5; proposed cost, $10,. 148,4 s. ray department, present cost, $14,4H8,65D; proposed cost, $31, 891,943. General Corbin incloses letters from Quartermaster General Ludington Commissary General Eagan and Pay master General Stanton show ing the details ot the comparison. The main item of increase in the quatrternias ter's department are: transportation, from t2.30O.0O0 to $17,700,000; clothing and equipment, from $975,000 to o,53,,.'46; regular supplies, from $1,600,000 to $7,200, 000; barracks, quarters and military posts, from $1,170,000 to $4,000,000; hospitals, 90,000 to $300,000; inci dental expenditures, $600,000 to $.,- 400,000. General Eagan gives the increased cost of each branch of the service, in cluding active, sick and convalescent. General Stanton says the pay esti mate does not cover the 20 per cent to enlisted men during time of war or the projiosed 25 per cent to those serv ing in distant lands. Want American tinns. New York. A Journal cable from London says: T. A. Darling, president of the company which erected the bat tery of fiftoen-inch dynamite guns at Sandy Hook, has reached London in re spouse to urgent requests of several European powers which have been watching tbe tests in America with great interest. English army officers believe the success of this gun w ill rev olutionize modern coast defense plans. England, Norway, Russia and Japan have separately asked Darling to visit their war offices w ith complete plans of the gun. From London he goes to Christiania, Norway, where active war preparations are reported to be under way because of an expected coercive move on the part of Sweden. After visiting Russia aud Japan Darling w ill return to America via England. Higher Rank for lilplomats. London. The Vienna correspondent ot the Daily Chronicle, referring to the report that the Cnited States and the Austro Hungarian Governments bave been considering the elevation of their respective Legations to the rank r Embassies, asserts that this course has utu ueuneiy aecuied upon. The Latest Talo from Shanghai. I-ontlon. Tho Shanghai corre?iond ent of the Daily Mail says: According to Chinese report a secret treatv exists between Great Britain and the United States to prevent any further alienation of Chinese territory. !: A Ms Beat aa Fart la Se Kaoreee tatlvca la Watntsgten. Seattle (Wafh.). According to late! advices from Dawson, tbe United States Government will be called on to re-j lieve indigent miners in tbe Klondike. I Tbe Iiawson Xogget, under date of Ie rtmljcr 7th, mys there is a strong movement on foot at Dawson to send a representative to Washington for the purpose of enlisting the United Stat.-s Government in the cause of aiding in remedying tbe great distress which prevails among tbe miners of the Yn kon. The hospitals are overcrowded with indigents, and the finances cf those institutions will not allow of any more wholesale charity. The Yukon Council declares itself al- reauv out oi iunus vj care ior ioe o...-: geot' si. k. Donations for the care of , the sick come in regularly, but in ; small amounts, w hile at this Pn-nt j moment potl.in less man r""v per month will come anywhere near taking ! care of the p.r id lows m ,tho. .o ney , or property. The drea.leo scurvy has , made its appearance, connected with the 1 None but those j i psitaii know its , extent. The fact is that the amount oi dis tress iiere has outgrown the total charity of the place, and nothing less than $200,000 will relieve the distress of this winter. Food is here in plenty, but it takes money to buy it. A me morial will be sent to Washington asking Congress to help. GATLING'S NEW GUN IN PIECES Kiportuiental Stoat Cannon Kiplodeson the rirteeath shot. New York. Richard Gatling's ex perimental cast steel eight-inch rifle, for the construction of which Congress appropriated 40,000, burst at the Sandy Hook proving grounds one day last week. The gun went to pieces under a normal tiring pressure of 3rt,- j 5m) pounds. Although the air was tilled with Hying fragments of steel, no one was hurt, as tbe officers w ho conducted the test took refuge behind a sand hill liefore each firing. Galling was not at the proving grounds, having told the ordnance officers to go ahead with tne firing if he did not come. The news of the bursting of the gun was telegraphed to Dr. Uatlinc and to the Ordnance Iiepartment at Washing ton. The gun burst on the fifteenth round. Five proof shots were tired three .weeks ago in the presence of General Miles and his associate on the lioard of Ordnance and Fortification and Dr. Gatling. Then the maximum firing presssure was 37.000 pounds, at tained by the use of 143 pounds of Du- jtont brown pri rustic powder. The shots were tired under the direction of Major Heath. Only normal pressure were recorueu. ine presssire gauges showed that the pressures were re markably uniform, and tbe highest re corded was only a tririo above that which burst the piece in the fifteenth round. PEACE TALK. WAR SIGNS. Aetltlty In Army nnd Xaty Circle In Kussla. London. The Sebastopol correspond ent id the Times, who has been touring in European Russia for two months to discover, if possible, some evidenoe on the part of the Russian Government to give effect to the disarmament propo sals of Emperor Nicholas, Bays all his observations were quite to the contrary. The correspondent says: "At the naval dockyarJs I found feverish activ ity. Not a man has l -en withdrawn from the irjntieis. The MinieUriof War and Marine have been inspecting all the important military and naval stations, urging an acceleration of the preparations for defense, but apparent ly never mentioning the Czar's mani festo. The number of men enrolled in the army and navy during the months of October and November last were larger than ever. Re-enforcements are being gent to the Far East as fast as they can be transported, and all the garrisons along the Rnsso-Turkish iron tier are being largely increased." Aimed at the Negroes. Raleigh (N. C.) Two bills Lave been introduced in the House of tbe North Carolina Legislature rtKioiring all railroads in the State to operate separate coaches for white snd colored iassengers. A bill was introduced in the House to amend the State Consti tution so as to provide "that all the moneys arising from the taxation of the polls and property of the white race for public schools shall be appro priated to the support of the public schools of the white race, and all the moneys arising from the taxation of the pedis and property of the colored race for public schools shall be appro priated to the support of the public schools of the colored race." The school fund is now proportioned according to population, the negroes getting as much per capita as the white people, though they pay only about 10 per cent of the taxes. Farming From Kxnerlence. Every farmer learns much each year about his business by the experience ne gains, says the American Cnltiva tor. It is the most valuable knowl edge, provided the farmer has learned to discriminate as to the true cause of success or failure. It will at least teach twice the capacity .of bis own soil and location. While farmers read w ith interest what other farmers have done in other localities, it does not affect them as does decided success or failure in their own neighborhood. What one man in any locality has done others may also do if they have like soil and condition. Almost all the special crops that are grown in certain neighborhoods are the result of experi ment made at first with much doubt, but when proved a success, inciting others to imitate the example. In such case the pioneer who introduces such crops Iwnefits the entire neigh borhood quite as much as himself. He is not injure! by tbe competition of his neighbors, for whatever the fare grows there is sore to be so large a market for it that the production of a large amount call puchasers from a distance, so that the farmer can sell at his own doors instead of marketing his special crop at a distance. An indi vidua! success, no matter on how ex tended a scale, cannot oret em-h a home market. MONEY FOR YUKON HOSPITALS FACTS FOR FARMERS. neipiui Suggestiona For Agriculturists. the HIITTS THAT ARE INTERESTING. aaaa UM Aaele far tka EaralUta A Radge af Kaearleage That Mar Praia BaaaSelal. A farmer ta farmer. I am a farmer; I live on a farm and have lived on the same one for thirty, two years. There are only two men in this world wbo ran net me off this farm the sheriff and the undertaker. t:.iJ,. . i..,, l ' .no,l ,,,,..;,! , wouJ like to live a ' DWII" V.I.ItO : on anJ 7 jn ,nd , . imM ateil with the vision of what is in store for our young farmer boys who are soon to come into possession ot these splendid farm homes all over this State; these rich fertile fields, rich enough to last a hundred years if properly cared for. What an oppor tunity.for these young men who are be ing educated at our agricultural col leges and are having the benefit of our experimental stations. I intend to stay on my farm the bal ance of my life, for I know of no place where I can be as happy and as inde pendent as I can on that farm of mine. I have no other business interest save farming in its various branches agri culture, horticulture and the breeding of live stock. I am no public speaker, but I came down here today on a spe cial invitation from mv old friend, your chairman, to have a talk with you farmers on the subject of farming and want to talk about those things con cerning which I have learned bVpracti ! cal experience and observation. If there is one thing which I thank the good Lord for more that another, j it is this, that my lot in life was cast j among this common, every-day, hard j working, producing class of men, called ! farmers; men who, out of this soil, jthis earth, yes, God's earth, produce i w ith our labor that which gives food ' and life to the millions of our fellow 1 men. For out of this earth comes all tbe wealth of this nation and the world. And we producers by a grand combination of brain and muscle, an alyze and extract from this soil this wealth. With our agricultural schools, our experimental stations and insti tutes, farmers' days at our Chautauqua meetings, our agricultural press; with ejucated brains and muscles, the brain to conceive and the muscle to execute, men are making a success of farming, despite the low prices of farm products. Looking from a farmer's standpoint it seems we are divided into three branches the agricultural and me chanical and the commercial business worlds. The agricultural takes from the soil its products and manufactures them ready for the consumers. The commercial world is a world of ex change of trade and traffic. They are a good set of fellows who live in this commercial world; they work hard and to our interest, and we could not get along without them no more than they could without us. But did it ever occur to you, my farmer friends, that they never add one dollar to the wealth of the world ? They exchange and trade in the wealth that the agri cultural and mechanical worlds pro duce. Now among the consumers there is a great host of idlers, a great army of drones in the bee-hive of the world. But in this class to which you and I belong there is no such thing; all must be active, working busy bees in this great world hive. Ella Wheeler Wil cox, in some of her writings, has said that the world is divided into two classes the lifters and the leaners; that one-half of the world is bravely putting its shoulder to the wheel and carrying the burdens of the world I w hile the other half looks on. God bless the lifters! I would hate to be j a leaner and know that some brave, , noble heart was carrying my part of jtie world's burdens! Southern liural ; ift. The Dairy. Prof. Robertson, the Canadian Com missioner of Agriculture and Dairying, in ins annual report, makes the follow ing statements in regard to the setting of milk. As they are all founded upon practical experience in careful dairv work, they should be posted in every airy room: 1. All milk should be carefully strained immediately atter the milking is completed. 2. When shallow pans are used, they should be placed in a room with a pure atmosphere, at a temperature as even as possible at between 50 and 60 degrees Fahr. 2 3. When deep-setting pails are used the water in the creamer or tank should be kept below 45 degrees Fahr., or as near 45 degrees Fahr. as is prac ticable. It is advantageous to have a supply of ice for use in the water. 4. When an abundant supply of cold water from a flowing spring is not available the cooling power of fresh cold water may be applied economically ny conveying it iu a pipe to tbe bottom r. I U n A 1 . ui mo iana or creamer, ami allowing the warmed water to ruu off from the top. If water be scarce, the overflow may lie carried into a watering trough for the live stock on the farm. 5. It is advantageous to set the milk as soon as practicable after it is drawn from the cows. In a test with deep-setting pails it was found that the quantity of butter fat not recovered in the oream, and consequently left in the skim milk, ws 11.48 per cent greater when the setting of the milk in ice water was delayed one hour, than when it was set immediately after it was drawn. t. There was not much difference in the percentage of butter fat recov ered into the cream, due to the tem perature at which the milk was set, when between 88 and 98 degrees Kabr. The loss of butter fat un recovered from the skim milk was 2.63 per cent, greater when set at 78 degrees than when set at 8 degrees Fahr. 7. The milk should be left undis turbed for about twenty-two hours. The quantity of butter fat not recovered into the cream was 8 per rent greater when tbe milk was set for only eleven hours than when it was set for tweuty two hours, in deep-setting pails in ice water. 8. Witb ordinary mik, there is no i gain iroro auuins water 10 nun n when it is set. There was practically no difference in the percentage of but ter fat not recovered into tbe cream when (1,) 25 per cent of water at JfiO decrees Fahr, added to the milk (2,) 25 iiercentof water at frt degrees Fahr, aIded to the milk, and (3, ) no water added to the milk, were tho diffeernees ; of treatment in the setting of milk, in deep-setting pails in ice water. Aeration af Milk. is hardly a place There in which mi'k is used that it will not pay to cool and aerate it at wi the, same time. milk V?ht to the creamery or cbeese factory, if all tbe patrons wonl.l Pracl, - "' wonni snow at once in ine . , , , . . . , increased quality oi ine protiuci ana the price. The difficulty is that there are so many patrons who don't believe in any improvement if it is going to cor-t something to set it at work. Yet, w herever there is a factory or creamery that has prevailed on the patrons to practice aeration and cooling, that in stitution stands high in the price re ceived for its product. Do not be misled by a few cranks who will tell you that the aeration of milk is of no value; wbo will tell you that aerated milk will not remain sweet one w hit longer than any other milk. Do not be misled by these, we say, but try for yourself. Get a good combined cooler and aerator and use it every day in the year, winter and sum mer alike. In buying a cooler and aerator, don't make the mistake of getting one that airs the milk without cooling it. Don't make the mistake of getting one that cools the milk before it airs it, as aeration to drive out animal and food odors must be done while the milk is hot from the cow, and before any re duction in the tenieratiire has been made. Ion't make the mistake of get ting onewith many joints ami pipes in contact with the milk. Don' t get one which does not allow tbe milk plenty of fall through the air to allow the animal gases to escape. Don't get one that is bulky and hard to handle, or one which will soon rust out because it is! impossible to dry out the cooling tank or pipes. Elgin Dairy Report. The Idaho Fea. Iluring tne past two or tnree years j persistent efforts have been made to ! boom a forage plant called the Idaho ! pea, which was said to have originated in Idaho. The seed of this plant lias been rec ommended as the best known substi tute for coffee, and wonderful atorieB have been told of the quantity of valu able forage the plant furnishes. The U. S. Department of Agriculture has made an investigation and finds that the "Idaho" pea, in what is known as the Gram or Chick pea and has been in cultivation longer in Asia than any other leguminous plant. It waj one of the plants cultivated by the Greeks in the days of Homer and had a prominent place among the food plant of the masses in the time of the Roman Empire. It is estimated that there are now 5,000,000 acres devoted to its cultiva tion in India. Next to the cereals it is the most important food used in India and in portions of Northern Africa, Spain and other countries bor dering the Mediterranean. It is cultivated to some extent in Mexico, but is considered there infe rior as a food to corn. The seeds have approximately the same composition as the common "field pea. The forage is so strongly charged with oxalic acid as to be decidedly in jurious to horse and in a lesser degree to cattle. The average yield of seed per acres in India is ten bushels. Mr. Jared G. Smith, asisstant agros tologist of the Department of Agricul ture, advises farmers to be cautious about investing much money or devot ing very much land to the cultivation of the Idaho ia until more extended trials have been made. Renewing Old Seed. very interesting experiments are being conducted at the Amhrest (Mass. ) experiment station in bringing to life seeds which are too old to sprout well. It is hoped that tests will eventually lead to results of great commercial value. Nothing lias been published on the matter as yet, and the following is the result of an interview w ith Messrs. Stone and Sharp: Old seed have been treated with a 2 per cent solution of asparagin, a vege table extract obtained from German chemists, and the result has been to increase the germinating power greatly. Seed which before treatment showed only 50 per cent of germination with one-half worthless, after treatment showed 98 per cent of germination and only 2 per cent which failed to sprout. Since asparagus at present costs $1.50 per ounce, the method is not profitable for ordinary seeds, tiut seeds of new varieties and certain flower seeds which are actually quoted at more than theff weight in gold might be treated this way with profit. Experimenters are in hois of finding a cheaper substance or a cheaper way of making this article ior ireating tne seeds. Ornamental Dunks. The most beautiful varieties of ducks as of other fowls are not of first rank for practical purposes. The crested duck corresponds to the crested Polish fowl, and, like that variety, has been so closely bi el for its peculiarities of appearance that its laying qualities and hardiness have been impaired. For profit the crested duck is not to be compared for a moment with the Pekin, Cayuga or Aylesbury, but the grower who is w illing to take beauty in place of a part of the cash returns will find these and other ornamental breeds a desirable addition to the farm stock of poultry. Amerioan Poultry Advocate. General. Who Will Retire This Tear. Washington. Several important re tirements in the Army will occur dur ing the current year. Rrigadier-Gen-er.i! Stanton, Paymaster-General, will retire on the 30th inst.; Brigadier General Flagler, Chief of Ordnance u, Krigatuer-ueiierai Sumner in August next, and Brigadier-General onager on October loth. RECOLLECTIONS OF CARL.YL.fc He Waa Not a Ureal Maw to Ilia Near c.t Ketativea. Shortly after r-omior to the I.'n:uM praie In 174. I bad charge of a churcli In Northern Illinois, a large numlier of whose member were from Dutnfrte sbire. Scoilaud. tine of my deacons bad beeu a linuliii.-iie of Carl vie. and while iu his criticisms he often unwit tingly threw not a Utile sidelight up.u rarlyle's character, he had not the sKu'itesi appreciation of hU greatness. I reiueailwr giving- him Carlyle's "Keui luisceuoes" to read. He had rwiooal knowledge of uisny of the events re corded, and the style of his comment was: "Ab. Tsui. Tain, that is Just lite you: ye were aye sair atHlcted witb the bis head, aye bragging about yourself and a" belauglng to you." "A cantan kerous loon" win the description he gave ot lii in a a boy. "None of m liked him: be was aye sayiug biting, gibing things." I managed one day to worm out of my old friend a coiifeslou tii.it may have held iu It the secret of much of bis dislike fur Carlyle. The two boys had fought, and Tam Carlyle had given lilm a sound thrashing. It was my furtuue, suuie time after ward, to come Into Intimate relation with the daughter of Carlyle' favorite sister Janet. It will lie news to many reader that this sister, the youngest member of the Carlyle family, had made her home iu Canada for fifty years. The Rev. G. M. Frauklin. rec tor of Ripley. Ontario, her sou-in-law, Iu a letter written several mouths ago, conveys the following Information: "Mrs. Robert Hanuing. the Janet Car lyle of Fronde's "Reminiscences," Is keeping Iu excellent health for a lady who has passed her eighty-third birth day. She is the last of the Carlyles. She past-s must of Tier time iu her own room, re readtug her brother's favorite work, certain religious authors, aud her Rible." Since tbe above was writ ten Mrs. Hanuiug has died. The let ter which her brother wrote to her ami which cover the eutlre period of hU literary activity will now be published, and will form a valuable addition to th already large stock of Carlyliana. It 1s said that they will present "the Sage of Chelsea" iu a tender and amiable lieht His affection fur his "small Jeunv' his mother aud for was the one saving Influence iu his life. A native of Ecdefechan once re marked to a visitor: "Don't go to Ec elefechau expecting to tiud worshiper of Carlyle. You will find that other members of the family are held In far higher esteem." There Is a story which shows m some of the other member, of tiie family were fur from regarding the author of "Sartor Resartus" as the greatest of the sons it the house. The story run thus: A geutleinan. on be ing introduced to James Carlyle, the youngest brother of the author, ven tured to remark: "You'll be proud of jour great brother." Rut he had mis taken his mail. James rejoined Iu the broadest of broad Aniiandale: "Mee prood o' him: I think he should b proud o' niee." Atlantic Mouthly. The Mm linao'a FUjr. Lieutenant Richmnud Hijisoii tells his H-rsoual story of ''The Sinking of the Meniniac'' iu the Century. Afier telling of the preparations for sinking the collier, I.ietueuaut llobsuu says: With regard to the eu.s!gii, 1 had ask ed Captain Miller about the eusigu of the MeiTiinao. He said that he had al ready considered (he mailer, but had fouud that the strippers had taken oft the ensign and the contcuts of the slg-iial-chest;, and eveu the t igual halyards. In fact, the men hail been so keen for relics and souvenirs that nothing seem ed to bave escaped. He said that he had, however, au enormous flag, blue fiehl. or background, with "MaJue" across It In large letters, which he pro posed to have beut ou. But I was par ticularly anxious fur a large national flag, aud put It down on the list of Items for the executive officer to get us ou the New York. 1 was a little afraid they would not let us have the Bag. so I asked the executive officer not to say auythlug about it to the captain until we were gone, and told him that I should not hoist It w h'le ruuuiug in. or while doing so could In any way affect the success of the effort, but that 1 dW wish very much to hoist It after tiring the torpedoes, as the vessel sank. The executive officer was not convinced, aud his lustluct of the risk Involved was true; for though the captain let me have the flag without osklug any ques tions, and it was beut ou the halyard at the bridge ready for hoisting. It was never hoisted, for after the work was dime, and the Merrluiac was slukluif. and a strong Impulse set In to have the flag llylug. it was clear, lylug at the muzzles of the enemy's guu.s, that aiiy movement to hoist It would betray our position aud -cost the life of all. Re sponsibility for the group forbade the attempt. Willed HI. 1'ension Back. The will ot the late Isaac Lloyd of Phllad-lphla disposes of au estate vai led at about llo.OOO. Mr. Lloyd was it veteran of the late war and' drew a small peusiou, which he saved with the iuteutlou of returning It to the gov ernment, providing he was never In waul duiiug lire. When the will ws probated it was found that his Inten tions had been carried out. and the will concluded with the following para graph: "My pension, which I have uot used. I have always exacted to return to the I'uited States Government, ex ceptlug I should be In distress or want. I order my executor to return the pen slou." 1 'II. Itl.l u... How crscked auj poor his laughter ri ug. now milieu hit e. miee tlashin lint still a courtly I litis tliuin warm, About his beut aud withered form. ' To-night, where mirth and umsio dwells. His wriukled cheeks, his l. ks of snow. Gleam uear the graudsuus of the belles . He smiled uu forty years agu. We watch him here, and half believe Hir mtv may witness, w hile he prates, Deuifc. like s fool man. touch his sleeve And tell him that the carriage wait. - Philadelphia Times. ft Is too bad that when turkeys are o dear, the Lord doesu'l make" them witb larger ho luslde, to hold enough dressing to make up for the scarcity ot meat. A man should either tie able to keep his temper, or else be able to whip tha man be Is quarreling with.