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O. W. OABBIIOK, Fabuskea, PlOCHH, NEVADA. v NEWS SVMMARY V ' Four lives were lost In a flre which destroyed the Vcrbeck theater at ho rain, Ohio. A seat on . the New York stock ex change was sold last week for $J0,0U0, the highest price on record. ' The committee of mines and mining of the house has decided to roport U favor of establishing a government bureau of mluirg. ; Admiral Dewey has taken an em phatlc stand against the hazing prac tlces which prevail at the naval acad emy at Annapolis. Four robbers blew open the safe In the bank at Baldwin, 111., and escaped after a fight with citizens Nobody was hurt in the street fight. Clarence Albright, while seated at his breakfast table at Kingman, Kan., was shot and killed by an unknown as sassin, who fired through the window. The Dowager-Empress of China hai ordered the Viceroy of Chile provinc to go to Shanghai, Investigate the re cent riots and punish the guilty ones. According to Chinese dispatches tc Japanese papers received at Victoria the Chinese officials at Peking declare they are unable to stop the American boycott. Charlea Faas, a New York bank di rector and vice president of a brew ery company, is still unconscious ana may not recover from an assault mad upon him by robbers. Hugh McCoy, a cripple, age 45 years wag shot and instantly killed by twe thieves while he was sitting at th kitchen window of bis house on a farm two miles jTrom Darlington, Pa. The China-Japanese treaty was signed Friday at Peking by Baron Ko inura and M. Uchlda In behalf ol Japan, and Prince Chlng and Viceroy Yutfn Shi Kal in behalf of China. A call has been issued for a meet ing In Chicago, February 1 next, of all governors, attorneys-general and in urance commissioners In the country to discuss Insurance legislation. Jack O'Brien was declared the vic tor over Bob Fttzslmmons in the thir teenth round of their fight in San Francisco. Fltzelmmons announced that he had fought his last battle. W. O. Nolan, assistant night yard master of the Southern Pacific rail way at River station, u Angeles, was run over by a car In the yards an huiad. His body was horribly man gled. The Japanese transports Ikuta Maru and Fuknoaka recently collided In the Straits of Shlmonosekl and the for mer sank within a few minutes. Thirty-six returning Japanese soldiers were killed. Representative Williams of Missis sippi has introduced a bill providing for the 'lending of surplus money in the United States treasury to state and national banks offering the high est Interest. The gate receipts of the Fitzsim-mons-O'Brien fight were 116,407. Of this sum 60 per cent went to the glad iators, the winner receiving 75 per cent of the 60 per cent and the loser getting 25 per cent. It was announced that the British government. In response to communi cations from its consuls at Riga and other Russian ports, has authorized them In case of danger to chart -r ves sels for the removal of British sub jects. Terrible cruelty to his crew was charged against Capt. Levin Lewis ot the oyster dredge boat Sadie Lewis at Baltimore. Witnesses testified that one man had been so badly beaten that he fainted and fell overboard and was drowned. The will of Sir Henry Irving. It Is : understood, leaves two-thirds of his estate, which consists solely of the $100,000 realized at the recent sale of his theatrical relics, art works and library, to his two sons, Henry B. and Laurence Irving. The latest dispatches received from TIflls, Caucasia, say that 300 houses in the Mussulman quarter were set on flre by armed Armenians, who prevent ed the inmates from leaving, and fired on the firemen who attempted o ex tinguish the flames The trial of Hugh Watt, the former member of parliament, charged with Inciting hired agents to murder his dl , vorced wife, Julia Watt, and Sir Reg inald Beauchamp, ended with a verdict of guilty Watt was sentenced to five years' penal servitude. Admiral Togo In his farewell ad dress to the officers and men of the fleet who fought under his command, warned them to be In constant readi ness for emergencies He concluded with the words: "The victor should tie his helmet string tighter." The state department has sent in structions by telegraph to the Unit ed States consular agent at Diaz, Mexico, to endeavor to secure and re turn to Philadelphia the bodies of the two Americans, Rutherford and Mur ray, killed near that place by bandits. Austin Francis, a switchman, aged 27 was convicted at Kansas City, Mo, of having murdered his sweetheart Winona Newton. 15 years old. He gave her carbolic acid, representing It as medicine, and when it failed to kill ner. crushed out her brains with a tock BOY ACCUSED OF HORRIBLE IK Chicago Lad Who Hacked His Employer to Pieces With a Hatchet. After Committing Atrocious Murder, the Youngster Sat Down and Calm ly Finished His Meal Which Had Been Disturbed by the Crime. Chicago. Rudolph Gunioff, 17 year old, has been placed on trial in the criminal court to answer the charge of killing Jacob Lieb of Chicago Heights, hli employer, with a hatchet. During the recital of the facts of, the killing to the jury by Assistant State's Attorney Barbour an ordinary sized hand hatchet, still spotted with, the blood of the slain man, was shown the Jury. The state, because of the youth of the prisoner, waived the death penalty, but demanded Impris onment for life. . The boy was employed by Jacob Lleb In the shoe repairing shop in Chi cago Heights, according to the story of the prosecutor. On the afternoon of August 5 piercing screams from the tittle shop aroused the village. When, lome minutes afterward, two or three men entered the place they found the kitchen floor spattered with blood and the body of Lleb hacked to an indis tinguishable mass, while at the table at the boy who evidently had com mitted the atrocious deed. He bad lust finished eating some soup, and the empty bowl stood before him. AGONIZING CRIES FROM RUSSIA. ewa Write Pitiful Appeal to Theli Relatives In America. Minneapolis. "Do not ask any quea Hons; do not wait to write, but If you want to see us alive send steamer tickets," is the despairing cry which the Russian Jews of this city are dally hearing from relatives residing i in the empire of the czar. Horrible descriptions of slaughtei and rapine are contained In many of the letters. A letter from Kotoras, Russia, gives a lurid description ot the massacres which occurred there and In Uman following the Issuance of the czar's recent manifesto. Ac cording to the account, crews of brig ands followed the parade which was held In celebration of the Issuance of the manifesto, gathered In a mob and, placing at their head a picture of the czar and a cross, emblem of state and church, made their way to the JewtBh quarter, where they began their work of murder and robbery. Driving a number of Jewish chil dren into the street, they pou'od Uoro. sene on them . and set fire to them, while the mothers were obliged to stand by and helplessly listen to the agonized screams of their little ones as they perished In the flames. After making way with the chil dren the murderers turned their at tention to the parents and slaughtered them without mercyi Three hundred Jews perished at that time In Koloras, while in Uman 1,000 were killed. The most horrible cruelties were prac ticed by those who participated In the massacres. WENT OVER EMBANKMENT. Twelve Badly Hurt In Wreck on the1 Rio Grande. Durango, Colo. The eastbound Dea' ver & Rio Grande passenger train from Sllvertoir, well loaded with pas. scngers, was wrecked three miles from this city Monday, and while no one was killed, a large number of passen gers were Injured, twelve of them quite seriously. The accident was caused, it Is claimed, by a defective rail. When the accident occurred, the chair car rolled down an eight-foot embankment, dragging the other cars with It. The cars were dragged along In this manner on their sides for over 400 feet before the engine and train were brought to a stop, the engine tender nearly tipping over, while the drive wheels of the engine were run ning on the ties. Grizzly Kills Old Hunter. Omaha. Simon B. Clark of Omaha, one of the best-known pioneers of Nebraska, was recently killed in a battle with grizzly bears In the Big Horn country. The news was con tained In a letter from a ranchman named Adams, who said Clark's horse came to his ranch December 21. Rec ognizing the animal, Adams followed tils trail back five miles Into the moun tains, where he found the badly mangled body of Clark at the mouth of a cave and beside it two dead grizzlies. ? i Negro Flagman Riddled. w Paducah, Ky. In a battle between a policeman and John Tlce, a one-legged negro flagman on the Illinois Central, who had barricaded himself in his, tower at Eleventh and Broadway Btreet, Patrolman James Clark was shot twice In the hip and Tice was riddled by scores of people with rifles, and pistols from the surrounding streets and roofs. Tho negro became enraged at some one throwing bricks at his tower and began firing from the tower at people on the streets below. It's a Beautiful Game. Los Angeles, Cal. Two serious cas ualties, some spectacular playing, In cluding a run of 107 yards, said to be the longest la the history of football, were the features of the last, gridiron game ot the season in southern Cali fornia on Christmas day, between the Sherman Indians and St. Vincent's college, which was won by the former, by the score of 30 to 0. H. Wilhoot of St. Vincent 'a sustained a broken collar bone and L. Lugo of the Indians had two rib smashed. The Indians out . played the .local men from the start.'-' rHOUSANDS KILLED 111 WOUNDED IN MOSCOW Revolutionists Fighting Desperately to Overcome the Government, and tho Streeta Run Red With Blood of Insurgent. , , Moscow. The situation is hourly growing worse. The Insurgents hold several quarters of the city and fight Jng continue desperately. Two large arms stores have been pillaged and (he weapons distributed among the men who have erected barricades along the Sadovia, which encircles the pity. Two bombs were thrown at the pre fecture of police Saturday morning and partially destroyed that building. Two policemen were killed and sol flier was wounded. There are many revolting details of Saturday's fighting. At Fidler'g school after the students had raised the white flag and came out, they were pharged, ridden down and sabred by the dragoons. The revolutionaries re taliated wherever they caught an of ficer alone, and on the slightest re sistance be wag beaten Into Insensi bility. Telegraph poles, wires, planks, bar rels and any material available was used In the construction of many bar ricades, which sprang up all over the city, and as soon as one was destroyed another went up as if by magic at a distant place. Crowds fought the troops with Intense stubbornness, (us ing revolvers and hand grenades, but many hundreds of persons had rifles and repeatedly stood .their ground, ven while they were being mown (own by quick-firing guns. Many innocent persons were killed, among them a number of women. Many bodies were blown to pieces by shrapnel. On Tverskaia street, where ihe crowds were enfiladed, the losses were heavy. RUSSIAN MOB HORRORS. Babe of Helpless Jewish Woman Dis membered Before the Eye of the Agonized Mother. New Haven, Conn. A description Df mob horrors in Russia Is contained In a letter just received by Dr. Max S. Mandell of this city, from a friend In Egaterinoslav. It Is dated Novem ber 19. The letter says In part: "We were saved by the kindness of a Christian friend who gave us a place to hide in and kept watch for us him self. "He took us to his stable, where we remained with our two little ones for three days without a morsel of food or a drop of water, but a horrible death staring us In the face every mo ment of the time. "Many have lost their lives In addi tion to similar suffering; it'll more re main cripples for life with no means Bf support. Others were compelled to witness the brutal dismembering ot their dear ones before they were killed themselves. My clerk told me that he saw how the mob overtook a helpless Jewish woman, who apparent ly had run to a place of safety, carry Ing a child in her arms. The beasts wrenched the infant out of its moth er's arms and dismembered It, holding out every part to her face and then forced the hysterical mother Into shame, which killed her." RIOT IN A TURPENTINE CAMP. Five Negroes Killed and Eight Wound ed During a Christmas Frolic. Valdosta, Ga. A bloody riot among negroes Is reported here from Ewlng. a turpentine camp between Fargo and St. George on the Georgia Southern & Florida railway. The riot was the re sult of a Christmas frolic among ne groes who had been drinking. A general fusillade occurred, and probably fifty shots were fired. Two negroes were killed outright, three were mortally wounded, while eight others received bullet wounds. One negro woman was among the killed, and women were also among the wounded., One of the women was brought to Fargo for treatment, hav ing several bullet wounds In her body, and another of the negroes came here with part of his chin and jaw shot off. Tide 1 Turning. Vladimir, Russia. Owing to th hostile attitude of the people here who attacked the houses of the rail road men, the strfke leaders wouli have been torn to pieces had ' the troops not Interposed. The railroad strike here is ineffective. Most of the employes are working. Reports re ceived here from several vllages In the provinces tell of the murder of agita tors by peasants who were enraged at their attacks on the emporer. Among the victims was a young woman. Venezuela Incident Not Closed. , Paris. The officials here say that President Castro's failure to resume dllpomatic relations with M. Taigny, the French charge d'affaires at Car acas, may complicate matters and postponed a settlement of the ques tions in dispute. France asked for the withdrawal of Venezuela's offen sive note, declining to deal with M. Taigny. Therefore, the withdrawal ol the note and the continued declination to deal with M. Taigny are considered as renewing the old controversy. Can't Shake His Wife. . Rome. Advices from Switzerland are to the effect that the federal coun cil has rejected the application of Gabriele D'Annunzlo, the . dramatist, or annulment of his marriage with the former Princess Di Gallese. It ha been rumored for some time" that D'Annunzlo desired a separation from his wife In order that he might marry the Marquise Di Carlottl, a daughter ot the former Italian premier, Mar quls Dl Rudlnlj .. IS IIIIDIIT Man Lying at Death's Door Who Knows Who Killed Governor Goebel. Declare That if the Ex-Secretary' Execution Were Imminent He Would Give Testimony That Would Clear Him. Power Appeal for HI Aid. Bakersfleld, Cal. Charles E. Ehler, on a cot In the county hospital, suffer ing from a wound presumably self inflicted, has admitted to Superintend ent Franz Buckreug that he has Infor mation as to the killing of Governor William Goebel of Kentucky which, If It were adduced, It Is alleged, would clear Caleb Powers, former secretary of state of Kentucky and now under sentence of death for complicity In the murder of the late governor. A few days ago Powers wrote from the Blue Grass state to Ehler In Ba kersfleld, saying In substance: "I see by a press dispatch that you may be an Important witness In the Goebel murder. For six years 1 have lain In prison and three times I have been sentenced to death for a crime of which I am as Innocent as the an gels around the throne. If you have any Information that will throw light on the death of Governor Goebel, then for God's sake declare yourself and aid In proving my Innocence." Ehler, on receiving this letter, per mitted Superintendent Buckreus to read it, and the latter, realizing Its im portance, questioned Ehler, where upon the latter admitted that he could give testimony that would save the life of Powers, and he intimated that If the ex-secretary's execution were Imminent he would give such testi mony. CAME AS A STOWAWAY. Former Citizen of Thl Country 8ent Back to Antwerp. New York. Henry Kulper of Gal veston, Tex., who claims that he was worth $30,000 before the Galveston flood, which, he says, wiped out his fortune, was deported Friday on the steamer Colorado. Kulper says that he became a naturalized American elk lzen In 1885 and that he had a hard ware business In Galveston. After losing his money he returned to his home In Antwerp, Belgium, but fail ing to prosper there and, wishing to return to the United States, he hid on the steamer St. Andrews, which ar rived here last week. He was caught and, lacking proper identification? pa pers, was deported as a stowaway. ' Find a Noble In an Insane Asylum. Ogden, Utah. The Insane heir to a large Spanish estate In the Azore Isl ands passed through Ogden Friday night on his way to his ancestral halls. He is Manuel Gomez, and he was in the custody of two old retainers ol the family. Four years ago Gome fled from the Azore estate of his fa thers, and came to America to seek his fortune. He drifted to Nevada, herded sheep, and went crazy. Ultt mately he was committed to the Ne vada state Insane asylum at Reno. Hit people, who are of a noble Spanish family, advertised for him for a long time, and finally located him In th Reno asylum. This was four monthi ago, and, after correspondence Dr. S, C. Gibson, the asylum superintendent, consented that the patient should be. sent to them In care of attendants. Choate to Head Delegation. Washington. Joseph M. Choate, who recently was succeeded at the court of St. James as United States ambassador by Wbitelaw Reld, In all likelihood will be named by President Roosevelt as chairman of the Ameri can delegation to the second Hague peace conference. This selection vir tually was decided on by the president on Friday. The president has not yet decided on the other members of the delegation, though he Is considering various names of distinguished Amer icans. Plot Wn Discovered in Time. Bogota, Columbia. The authorities here on Friday discovered Just in time a conspiracy to overthrow the govern ment It was headed by Fellpo An- gelo, Moya Vasquez and Louis Mar tinez, who with all the others con cerned have been arrested and will be tried by courtmartial. The govern, ment officials belittle the affair and say that peace Is assured. President Reyes and the government being most popular. The whole country, it is added, condemns the plot. Signaled the Clergyman. New York. Edwin J. Tapley, a ne gro wife-murderer, was hanged at the county Jail In Jersey City Friday. Tap- ley had arranged with a clergyman to signal with his hands after the drop fell to show that he was alive and realized what was transpiring. Tap ley's hands did twitch convulsively, but Rev. Emll Meury, with whom he had arranged to make the signals, re fused to say whether the movements of the hands were like the prear ranged signals. Bryan In the Philippine. Manila. W. J. Bryan arrived here at boon Friday and was given an en thusiastic reception by committees representing the citizens and the Elks. He declined to discuss politics, and he would express no opinion upon the state ot Nebraska going Republi can at the last election. He said that he had enjoyed hugely his visit . to Japan. Mr. Bryan has given up "his laea or a trip to Australia. He -win remain in Manila for about two weeks and then sail for India. 4l RESOLUTIONS for the New Year and sentiment for the holiday season, arranged In acrostic form by F. G. Moorhead from the works of Robert Louia Stevenaoru fa N aim In life is the only fortune worth the having; and It Is not to be found In foreign lands, but in the heart Itself. IONEY, being a means of happiness, should make both parties happy when It changes hands. Rightly disposed, It should be - twice blessed in Us employment. VERY piece of work which Is not so good as you can make It should rise up against you In the court of your own heart, and condemn you for a thief. U IGHT is that for which a man's central self ts ever ready to sacrifice Immediate or distant interests. RlGHT U Intimately dictated te each man by himself, but can never be rigorously set forth In language, and above all never Imposed up on another. YOU cannot run away from a weakness; you must fight It out or perish. And If that be so, why not now, and where you stand? QULTURE Is not measured by the greatness of the field which Is cot ered by our knowledge, but by the nicety with which we can per ceive relations In that field, whether great or small. H E who can sit squarest on a three-legged stool, he It Is who has the wealth and glory. R IGHTEOUSNESS Is to fuse together our divisive Impulses and inarch with one mind through life. F you wish the pick of men and women, take a good bachelor and a good wife. 3 OCIETY was scarce put together and defended with so much eloquence and blood for the convenience of two or three millionaires and a few hundred other persons of wealth and position. f O be a gentleman is to be one all the world over, and In every rela tion and grade of society. It Is a high calling, to which a man must first be born and then devote himself for life. Y1 ANNERS, like art, should be human and central. fa S the sun returns in the east, so let our patience be renewed with dawn. Q O long as we love we serve; so long as we are loved by others I would almost say that we are lfldlspensable. fa FTER all, there Is no house like God's out-of-dootg. O man is useless while he has a friend. Q O what we will, there Is always something made to our hand, If It were only our fingers. fa man cannot go very far astray who neither dishonors his parents, nor kills, nor commits adultery, nor steals, nor bears false witness; for these things, rightly thought out, cover a vast field of duty. OME Is the woman's kingdom. fa FTER a good woman and a good book and tobacco, there Is nothing so agreeable on earth as a river. P ENURY Is the worst slavery, and will soon lead to death. P RACTICE Is a more Intricate and desperate business than the toughest theorizing; life is an affair of cavalry, where rapid Judgment and prompt action are alone possible and right. Y the dearest and readiest, If not the most Just, criterion of a man's services Is the wage that mankind pays him, or briefly, what he earns. ATURE is a good guide through life, and the love of simple pleasures next, if not superior, to virtue. TRE et pas avoir to be, not to possess that is the problem of life. yE must all set our pocket watches by the clock of fate. Y ET, when all has been said, the man who would hold back from mar riage Is In the same case with him who runs away from battle. j VERY man Is his own doctor of divinity In the last resort. fa BRAVE woman far more readily accepts a change of circumstance! than the bravest man. J!J IGHT or wrong, this have I done, In unfeigned honor of intention, as to myself and God. From The Sunday Magazine. Jlcto Sear Solutions Every first of January that we arrive) at ii an Imaginary mile-stone In the turnpike track of human life, at once a rating place for thought and meditation and a iUrting point for fresh exertion in the performance of our journey. The man who doe not at least propose to himself to be better this year than he was last mutt be either very good or very bad indeed. And only to propose to be better is something. If nothing else it is an acknowledgement of our need to be so which U the first step toward amend ment But, in fact to propose to oneself to do well is in some ort to do well positively, for there U no such thing a a stationary point in human endeavor. He who is not worse to-day than he was yesterday is bettor, and he who is not better U worse. CHARLES LAMB. 1 LION AFRAID OF THE OSTRIct King of Beast Inferior to Bird B Fighting Qualities. There Is only one thing of which the lion 1 afraid, according to Schilling, the young German African traveler' and that is the ostrich, the bird Is' more fleet than the quadruped, and It can deliver Its terrible kick with the precision and Impact of pugilist's blow and spring away till it gets an, other opening. Such tactics naturally) disgust the superior being. The has a weakness, however, for ostrich eggs and will make a meal of them whenever the vigilance of the parent birds Is relaxed. Schillings saw a Hon once with the tempting pH6 0f eggs before him, and he was about to re gale himself when tho owners of the property appeared and the beast slunk off like a whipped cur. Schillings con siders it Is an open question whether the hunting of the Hon, leopard, buffa lo, elephant or rhinoceros 3 the most dangerous. On the whole, however he thinks that if he were hunting without supporting rifles iB the hands of really great hunters he would rather take his chance with any of them than with the rhinoceros. Thl animal is remarkably fleet, consider ing Its bulk, and when it makes a charge it is next to Impossible to get away from It. Then is the time when a comrade with a good gun and steady nerve is needed to distract the ani mal's atent'n. ' He Doesn't Curse Now. Washington, Kans., Dec. 25 (Spee lal) Jesse E. Mitchell is a telephone lineman, and also a well known resi dent here. Everybody acquainted with Mr. Mitchell knows that he was a man who held very positive views about Patent Medicine. Hear what he says now; "I used to curse all kinds of Patent Medicines, for they never did me any good, but Dodd's Kidney Pills have caused me to change my mind. For twelve years I suffered from Kidney Trouble. There was a hurting across my back that made it positive agony to stoop, and as I am in a stooping position nearly all day, you can imag ine how I suffered. After a day's work that any man would think nothing of, I would be tired and worn out In fact, I was always tired. I began us ing Dodd's Kidney Pills and after taking four boxes I feel like a new man, I am as fresh at night a when 1 begin work in the morning. I have no pain in my back now, and I am stronger than ever." New and Pleasant Perfume. If you want something particularly pleasant take some sea salt and put It In a wide mouthed bottle and pour in a few drops of violet perfume. Close the bottle tight, let It stand a while, then open, and you get the curi ous smell of the salt sea, with a slight tinge of violet, which Is always found in salt air. "Ciar" from Caezar. The title of the Emperor of Russia Is probably derived from Caezar, a title said to have been assumed by Ivan Basllowltr after defeating the Tartars about 1482. THE EARTH'S AREA. One of the best authorities esti mates the area of the earth's surface at 196,791,984 square miles, of which about 53,000,000 square miles Is land, the rest water. Throughout most of this 63,000,000 square mile Pills bury's Vltos has made Its way be cause It's so good. It Is the Ideal breakfast food, and may be bad at any up-to-date grocery. Paul Revere a DentlstT Was Paul Revere a dentist? The following advertisement, published in the Boston Gazette and Country Jour nal of Revere's time, 1 believed to prove that he was: "Whereas, many persons are so unfortunate as to lose their Fore-teeth by Accident and otherways, to their great Detriment not only In Looks, but speaking both In Public and Private: This Is to In form all such that they may have them replaced with artificial ones, that looks as well as the Natural ft an swers the end of Speaking to all In tents, by Paul Revere, ooltlomlth, near the head of Dr. Clarke's Wharf, Bos ton. All Persons who have had false Teeth fixt by Mr. John Baker, Surgeon Dentist, and they have got loose (as they will in time), may have them fastened by the above who learnt the Method of fixing them from Mr. Baker. Important to Mothers. xun!ne carefully every bottle of C ASTORIA, a safe and rare remedy for lasot and children, ud see that It it Bears the Signature of la Use For Over 30 Years. , The Kind Yon Bare Always Bought. Pointer for Busines Men. Don't talk about your business with those who are not genuinely and aym pathetlcally Interested. You will gain nothing by talking to the casual ac quaintance; on the contrary, some part of your pet scheme will be given to the world, some part of your strength will be expended without profit. If you have a firm purpose in life, a conviction or an ambition, don't talk about It to every new comer. The Idea or the purpose loses strength by doing this. Watch out for those who are really interested. Weekly ' Sectsman. Ask Your Druggist for Allen' Foot-Ease. "I tried ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE recent ly and have just bought another supply. It has cured my corns, and the hot, burning and itohing sensation in my feet which was almost unbearable, and I would not be with out It now." Mrs. W. J. Walker, Camden, N.J." Sold by all Druggists, 85o. Derrick Named for Hangman. A derrick Is an Innocent mechani cal apparatus for lifting heavy weights, but it gets Its name from an English hangman called Derrick, who flourished many years ago. The peo ple of that time thought that the de vice used only in the hangman's trade resembled the more common mechan ism which now hears his surname. Somewhat similarly, the term ruffian Is believed by many to have come from Morocco, where the Inhabitants of the Riff country were and are pirates nd altogether persons of evil character.