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AUGUST 14, 1909 THE PIOCHE RECORD j i New Jersey Is Now Annexed. Cperiijj of New Hudson Tunnels to fvtanhat ian Does the Trick August Wia Wltssss Coition of the Inderrher Systea. lbs Hot Weather Candidacies. By JAMES A. EDCER.TON. lOur New York Correspondent AUGUST shouid be a great month iu the history of New York and AA New 'Jersey, for the reason " that it sees the completion of the system of McAdoo tunnels con uecting Jersey and the great railroad ttertnlnals of Jersey with Manhattan. The last f these events Is" the open ing of th! tunnel leading from the Pennsylvania station to the Erie and lckawanua stations in Jersey City, which is scheduled for Aug. 2. The second pair of the McAdoo tubes under the Hudson have already been opened with every "evidence of Joy on both sides of the river. Whis tles blew. tings flew and there were speeches ami doings generally. It was m great. dV.y Incidentally for William G. McAdoo, the author and genius of the enterprise. This Is the second time Jersey lias married Manhattan, thenlrst time occurring when the first pair of McAdoo tubes were finished xartber up the river. There will be a "ihlrd ceremony when the two Penn sylvania railroad tunnels are opened, which will happen In the not distant future. With this sort of triple, or, rather, sextuple, knot. It would seem that nothing less than an earthquake could bring about a divorce; These latest tunnels under the Ilud eon, or North river, as It used to be called, extend from the Pennsylvania station in Jersey City to the magnifi cent new Hudson Terminal building, ft If "XmLTAM O. M'ADOO SPHAKINO AT THB Ol'ENINQ OP THB NEW TUNNELS. vhlch covers two blocks lu New "York's skyscraper district. On the New York side they will connect with the other McAdoo tubes up Sixth ave nue, and on the Jersey side will be ex tended to the Erie and Lackawanna stations. They will thus cover the four great railroad systems having terminals in Jersey City and Iloboken, as the first two tunnels extend to the Laclca wanna and as -the Central Rail road of New Jersey runs Into the Pennsylvania station. It is for this reason that lu the great new Iludson "Terminal in New York trains on these different systems will be called. The importance of bringing Jersey City "within three minutes of downtown Hew York will be realized when it is remembered that , the average New Yorker does not think of getting to his office under half an hour to an hour's time. ,., ,'. .At about the time that Jersey City and Manhattan were being joined In the holy bonds of subfluvlal wedlock the. Pennsylvania railroad was start ing, work on the last of Its four tun els under the East river. -When It oomes to the matter of digging holes the;" Pennsylvania has' Brer Fox's rusn. It may seund easy to bbre two boles and part of the -way four, each of them big enough to carry a rail road, but any one who thinks it really Is easy should take a trip and look at the thing being actually done. In this Instance these two or four holes Mr . I .... fj i ?1 I -I: Is 1& ' :i"x under a great bill on which is situated the city of Iloboken. under a broad river that floats the shipping of the world, under an island contain tui the second city on earth, under an other river of large enough dimen sions for ship traffic and nnder enough more ground to make a re spectable and comparatively level emergence to the surface. The an cient and honorable ground mole should come to New York and learn how to burrow. This Is the foolish season in politics "as well as other things, which ac counts for the fact that former Police Commissioner Bingham Is being boom ed for mayor. If. Bingham has any qualifications for mayor they have not been listed and set before a grin ning world. It must be admitted, of course; ;that he Is a bigger man than McClcllan, but ao community Is In duty bound to make two biu.iders sim ply because It has made one. If It comes to a choke between a Tam innuy candidate and Bingham for mayor I would favor putting up Het ty Green on a third ticket and then forget to go" to the polls. Bingham, tan make more noise than a boiler works and do less execution than a popgun. The only reajly good thing that McClellan ever did was to fire Bingham. To most of us it seems that there is more than half a chance to beat Tammany this year, but if the Independents take up Theodore A. Bingham the campaign will be a Joke. Senator Patrick IJenry McCarren, the Standard Oil serpent of Brooklyn politics, has been up to Boston. I cannot conceive what would take Mc Carren to Boston unless It were the attraction of opposltes, since the only way in which one suggests the, other Is. that each Is so different. If a man were trying to think of the one thing in all I he universe most unlike Bos ton he would probably hit upon Mc Carren. Notwithstanding this dissim ilarity the Brooklyn senator rather pat ronizingly approves the Hub; says it is a great clty-not as great as New York, you know, or Brooklyn, but quite a thrlvli-g village. After that the Low oil;!, the AOnuises, the Qulncys and the oilier, highbrows around Back Bay otiht to feel distinctly puffed up. Tim- nrf. i.,ud yells at Ellis island. Mr. WIHIiuiv!, the now commissioner, if. ciosl:!;': the' door In the face of sev enl -thousand ' -people- who want to :.n Ice cur soil their home and Our dol lars their own. There are hoarse crlen :f protest in consequence. These wrnld be citizens of the land of th 0. y are sent back some of them emit rill walls, others trn Inr .rod Ktii others commit suicide. They :issort.that Commissioner Williams re quires that each of. them have $25 as an evidence of ability to keep out of the poorhouse. Mr. Williams and his assistants deny that the twenty-five .Millar requirement Is made a hard and 'ast rule. They only Insist that the inmikrant show conclusive evidence that he is able to take care of himself and will not become a public charge. It Is practically the first timfc an effort has been made to turn back the ever Increasing Immigrant tide flowing Into tie country, and It Is being watched with intense interest. As n solution to the new-old problem thus raised Jacob IT. Schifif believes that not deportation but distribution of the immigrants In what Is needed. lie would deflect them from the Atlantic seaboard towns, especially New York. '. Many he would send to the south. He seriously recommends to ; people of his own blood, the Jews, that they voluntarily fettle In the south and other parts of the country father than In the con gested cities of the east. But. as Mr. Williams is on the Job and Mr. Scbiff Is not. It is probable that deportation will be the policy pursued, and behind Commissioner Williams In this work appears the strong hand of the United States government. , After taking several prizes and, mak ing a record flight the Glenn. H. Cur tiss aeroplane has been wrecked by a novice. The novice also wrecked his arm, his self confidence and his thumb. Boys will be boys, but fledglings al ways do get several tumbles when first trying their wings. In the meantime will Mr. Luther Burbank please turn his attention from the culture of seed less prunes and thorniest briers to the Invention of an accldentless aeroplane? It is said that a kind of cloth Is manufactured in India that will turn off the sun's rays. Would removing the duty from this have the effect of cooling off the heat of the tariff situa tion? Anyway, we in New York are in favor of this cloth coming In free for the reason that we never yet have found a texture that did not add to the heat of the sun's rays, much leas turning It away. '; Indeed, we know exactly how a little salmon felt ) down ' at the Battery naarlnm the: other This ?tfe nlar fish la a coU water proposition, and when by mistake the hot water was turned Into his tnnk there were doings. There is little doubt In the minds of any that saw hiui that he broke all piscatorial speed records, size considered. Back and forth he went and up and down, then around and. around with lightning-like rapidity. Every now and then he would Jump entirely out of the water and would ixnk the glass so bard that he called the attention of an attendant, who dis covered the mistake and released him from bis hot water inferno. He aroused the sympathy cf the city, for with the thermometer hitting only the high places every one knew Just what he went through. . I see by the papers, as Tom Powers would say. that J. Tlerporit Morgan did not succeed In getting steel trust stock admitted to the Paris bourse. Are the American people the ohlj easy marks? EXCITING F0R TROOPERS, Troubles Around Piitib J.e Make Ad venture For Cciulijulary. In the recent labor troubles In the vicinity of Pittsburg there has been some exciting work for the members of the state constabulary. For In stance, at Lyndora, when the striking employes of the car aud wheel com panies heard of the approach of the mount d state police thMsands of an gered strikers aud their sympathizers lined the streets. Hoots aud Jeers greeted the troopers as they rode up the main street of the company set tlement. The troopers, riding in for mation of fours, paid slight heed. Some one In the crowd on the side walk threw a beer bottle. It struck Trooper Hass. An order from the commanding lieutenant of the troop ers quickly brought the constabulary Into riot formation, and with drawn maces they charged the crowds. Straight Into the hundreds of persons crowding the thoroughfare rode the troopers, beating about them with ; their riot clubs. In the melee a worn ( an was pushed through a plate glass wludow of a store and severely cut I A man In the mob leveled a revolver j at a trooper. With a swing of his j mace the trooper is said to have j knocked the revolver from the man's j hand. As the trooper struck, the . weapon was discharged. The bullet passea ciose to the trooper's head. Another striker picked up the revolver, but before the trigger could be pulled it was knocked from his hand and the in,!:) was beaten to the ground. Slowly the troopers cleared the streets and alleys until the wav was parry's plant. Marchlmz order wn again formed, but the troopers had not ridden twenty yards before they were assailed with bottles, slag, pieces of board and lumps of coal thrown from the tops of houses along the nar row street. . The troopers were ordered to draw uul inrtd their puns.- As the column of forty 'men ;u.':v:im-ed the crowds shel tered In the house.3 and' alleys again surged into the streets ahead of the troopers, rutting their horses to a trot, the constabulary rode Into the crowd, lirlng their weapons Into the ground. It was during this clash that three persons were shot. The strikers used revolvers freely. It Is reported During the troubles In the Pittsburg suburbs freight trains have sometimes STATB TBOOPXBS FATBOItliIRO JiTh TBAM. STATS OON8TABULABT ON DUTY IN STBIXll been pnt to use as Jails for the con flnement of alleged disturbers of the peace, and It has fallen to the lot of e,tate troopers to patrol .these trains, n esnedally dangerous task under the Ak7 IS tiki tfslu.-1 Wv tr it V ' f J a vr . v c v v v " ' circumstances. , .... The experiment tried by vanla in maintaining a force of mount ed state police Is being other commonwealths with ,utef The force was established about three years ago for use wherever within the bounds of the state the services of the troopers may be required. The sys tem has won praise in some quarters and criticism In others. The system followed in the Key stone State in suppressing disturbances of the peace makes scenes of violence rather costly to the general taxpayers. A state law guarantees s manufactur ing company against riot loss at the expense of the county. At the time of the Pennsylvania railroad strike In 1S77 Allegheny county, In which Pitts burg la located, under this law was compelled to pay strike losses aggre gating $21,000,000. The Church Union Problem. Thirty ministers ard thirty laymen cf the various Trotestant denomlna tlcu'? of Chicago have taken up the --rfc of church union thit was started last whiter lu Pbiiaelrl'i 1,v tu8 ork conization of the FtoVrat Council of the Churches of Christ In America, representing thirty-three denomina tions and 17.000,0.'!0 church members. Or? of the subjects to he considered br th? movement is the results of ciu r 1) ovorprcdu iio-i and the real !v;; cf scree federated hitonlenomlna-i;-! bedr pffe-tlve nou-u to regu-l-::te !.? problem cf riv;-!." ?."! demand !: re'Mcn matter .Y" the twelve State that are to I? i ':. i'l under Chi cago's Jurisdiction there are 28,510 towns having a population of 2,000, sir ;-'"" of more than 2 000 nnd less than 50",o;i population and 137 cities of more than 10.000. In Quest of Peary and Cook. Expedition to Search For Brooklyn Explorer and Aid Peary If Needed News from , Both Adventurers Is Eagerly Antici pated -Chances of HE public attention is centered H on the arctic region again be l cai;st of 'the ox pedll i'Ui which has net out for the rescue of Dr. Frederick A. Cook and because cf the ' momentary xpeetaii' that y'" .will.. , u if, .v. a i a ri the persistency ol this explorer in scarcliiiig lor fie north pole may ct last have 'been r?wardcd. If Peary carried out his plans as expected it would lie fair to look for an announce ment soon of his discovery of the north polo. IU left the United States about a year ago... Poim h for Dr. Cook i t ),,. niaje by an expedltlou tailed out by Herbert r-'J-'J3 ESKIMO TENT AT ETAH. L. Hridgman of New York and other friends of Hip Ri-..i.-i,-,. - ca-yiuiei, 1U- c uding Captain Samuel W. Brigus of -""uiouu. xue scnoouer Jeanle has beeu purchased for this purpose and fitted out for a trip to Etah, Green and. the base station of Commander l'eary's expedition. t In case the Jeanle falls in with the Koosevelt, Mr. Peary's ship, the latter is to take command of both vessels and to become, so to speak, a comnr-o-dore of a small arctic fleet. Dr. Cook went with an expedition to the north which was equipped by John R. Bradley. Mr. Bradley is an ama teur explorer and has spent large sums of money to gratify bis taste for ad venture in the northern seas. His schooner arrived at Etah in Septem ber 190(, and it was then that Dr. Cook proposed a trip to the pole. Mr Bradley returned to New York in Oc- ir ' year nd toM the ie. l?aTf tte ?VWn. whom he had eft with enppaes of food sufficient to - a bu oart, tor more than :-.-v::-. r a year. The physician sranea zrwa Etan with a large party of Eskimos, and it is believed that later his retinue was reduced to two or three youths. They had twenty dogs and several sledges and a large quantity of sup plies. The dash for the pole waa to have been made in February of ia. Since then, as far as Is known, nothing has been heard of Dr. Cook direct He intended to cross Ellesmere Land lh a northwesterly direction. It is possible that he may have made his way to Disco, where he could find passage la some Danish vessel. It may be that even now he Is on. his way to Copen hagen. M Other objects of the expedition will be to deposit coal at Etah for the Roosevelt, the vessel tf Mr. Peary, ajid Iff, ' J 'A III 1 1 ItllWMMW 1 0, Jlifc. i -'.v MWMMHM - DB. FBEPEBICK A. COOK, . i to bring home Henry Whitney of New Haven, Conrf., a passenger on the Erik last year, who remained to shoot musk oxen and other game. The most northerly settlement on' earth is that at Etah, north Greenland, where the Koosevelt landed provisions for the formation of a base of sup plies. The place is Inhabited only by Eskimos, who live In tents made of skins turned fur side in. The tents are usually about twelve feet in diam eter and In winter are covered with tee and snow. reary left Etah Aug. 1", 1908, for his trip across the snow and Ice inter vening between that point and the pole. Experts declare that If his ex pedition had failed to reach the much dwired goal and had turned back It would have, been heard from ere this. SEREwO E, PAYNE. Leader ,of Dovvhwar'RevUTonists' In Tariff Conference. Congressman Sereno E. Payne, chairman of the house ways and means committee, M ho introduced the tariff bill In the house and who has been so prominent as a member of the conference committee on the subject of the larhT, has long been known as au expert lu matters p.t rtaining to cus toms duties. F6rniei ly he was not an enthusiast for revision of the customs schedules, but when the Uepublican platform declared for this and the party candidate m' it a leading part of his program Mr. -Payne took his stand for it and in the discussion and controversy over the kind of revision V WS-.llijllHkll J!J( M 1" BEBEUO K. PATRB. that should be given the schedules has lined up with the president for one with a downward tendency. Ills fig ure has beeu a foremost oue in the de liberations to bring about agreement between the house' and senate on the subject of the tariff bill. " Mr. Payne represents in the house the Thirty-first New York district and has served In congress almost a quar ter of a century. He was active in the framing and passage of the Mc Klnley and Dlngley bills and, despite the fact that he Is now a " leader among the downward revisionists, has Always been known as an apostle ef protection. Ue is n lawyer and wae born 1 about aixty-slx years ago at Hamilton. N. Y. lie is of command tog physique, and his heavy, boahjr. white hair gives him a striking aspect.