Newspaper Page Text
NOVEMBER 13, 1909
THE PIOCHE HEOORD I AGE TWo o vioii lidPES ; FOR IRELAND. L1ed Patriot-Editor In i: 1M i York to Gather Funds. BENEFITS OF HOME RULE Ue Says It Wculd Provide Better Edu cation and Better Government He Describee the Workings of the Land Act Something About His Career. The recent arrival In New. York cf T. V, O'Connor, M. P., the Irish patriot, who , bus come over to seek funds to help out Irish political projects, has enewed discussion as to the relations between Ireland and her ruling pow ers. Mr. O'Connor says that if, the new lUitlsu budget Is thrown out the Irish party will have a great chance to be u factor In the subsequent gen eral elot tluii. . "It U iny first visit iu three years," said Mr; O'Connor, who has lost U'-lu lug of his rich timuicr of speuth. I t shall be here for about :i month to get fu;:us, If possible, t.) help our Irish legislators. You know they hnve to spend many weeks in Enp-l.i'ul with out pny. jiud It will bo an rt help to them If we can grant them a weekly tipeud. ' n "If the house of lords throws out the ludget, which now seems prtmMe. there will of course be u general elec tion Immediately following. With t!-. TrtOMAS P. O'CONNOR. English parties so evenly balanced it seems that our eighty-one members of parliament will be a more important factor than uhuoI. - r "Ireland Is on the up - grade, v The land act, of course, has Its drawbacks, a three cornered combat among the tenaut, landlord and estates commis sion, but we have 200.000 people who were once paupers and slaves, but who are now comparatively comfortable. They are perfectly free in fact, there ii bo law about them." i ' Mr. O'Connor said the problem of the congested districts was still a serious one and probably the Improvement In this regard Is not so great. : Mr. O'Connor said be noticed some new Dreadnoughts among New York's tall buildings. "'" He went into the luvolved question f the land act and explained how they ' were attempting to adjust its Inane lal difficulties and how some lands were "bought, not sold." He said be could not see how the house ' ef lords would : be so foolish as to throw out the budget when that action would give the Irish party such a ehance. Ireland Helping Herself. Ireland, he said, was helping herself. Seven times since 1885 she had sent four-fifths of her representatives to de mand self government She had raised considerable funds for . twenty-five years In support of home rule-and vnlted all her forces. 1 Under the land act which eriHtjte the tenant, upon declaration of desire to purchase, to obtain a reduction of 25 per cent hi rent and ultimately be- - tome the owner he thought that in nany instances the tenant might have aade a better bargain. It freed the tenant from every symbol of landlord fetn. One-third of all the land and " yractlcally all Wexford were now in the hands of the tenants. A "tenant wner" became a better Nationalist, appreciating more keenly the lneffi- ' dency and stupidity of the present government. -Of course," said Mr. O'Connor, "Ire land will never be a country properly 1 ' ' worth living in onni sue 1 gotctu by her own people. Everything In Ire land la done wrong.' Certainly four fifths of the population would vote for borne rule. I think the government Is disposed to grant us a generous meas ure of It. The lords always oppose It, but the lords, as shown in history,' are sometimes struck with terror and wish to preserve their own liberties, i Gladstone's Error In 1886. "Gladstone sprung home rule prema turely in 18SG. If it had not been for our Parnell split in 1890 Gladstone might have carried home rule In 1802. The Irish cause lost twelve years and gained twtuty years of education. We had the period of division and disaster. Gladstone did a grsat work in destroy ing prejudice. "The first effect of home rule woulo" be Increased education and the next effect increased efficiency . in every thing, for the government over Ireland is one of the most inefficient ever ex ercised." Thomas Power O'Connor, the Irish author, journalist and statesman, be gan his career as a writer for the Dnb-, lln press lu 1807, when he was eighteen years old. In 1870 he went to London and secured a position on the staff of the Dally Telegraph. Four years later be made his bow as an author with a biography of the late Lord Beacons- I flold, which was followed by a revised edition of the work under a new title. ! Mr. O'Couut r has since then published ' numerous books and has even tried bls ! hand at fiction with some success. ... Pornell's Ac'vi:;. "My becoming a 'member of prli'i ment was practically a 'matter of chance,' Mr. O'Connor wild recently. "One of my best frleuds bad resigned the seat from Galway. and many of my friends asked me to take Ida place. I was known In On) way. having pjrut my boyhood there, and had made -several speeches there iu debates and things of that sort. My 'Life of Lord Cunconsfleld' had also contributed to a better knowledge of me in my native land. At the same time 1 eueountered a tremendous amount of opposition from the wealthy class, and my seat was not easily won." - The great Par pel 1. in giving the then new member friendly advice, told him to "speak as early as possible, as often as possi ble and as long as possible," and these Instructions "T. P." has carried out. ESKIMOS AS MAPMAKERS. Captain Comer, Cld Whaler, Joins In the Pole Controversy. "Among the seventy-five Eskimos that I met just one, a very old man, could be depended upon to make an accurate map," said Captain George Comer in an interview at his home in Haddam, Conn. He recently returned from bis tenth furring and whaling cruise in the arctic regions. "There is glory enough for both. :.nd I believe-that both Cook and I Vary reached the pole, but when' one ai!s the other a liar and an Impostor It It i great pity." said the grizzled old whal er. "1 have great respect for Com mander Peary, and 1 know personally that Dr. Cook is no' boaster or bluffer. Concerning food, I guess Dr. Coolc car ried euough provisions and that the Eskimos ate more than the American, who was bnoyed up by his ambition, which goes a good way in that cold country. -'. ' '- - "At a temperature of 83 degrees be low zero Dr. Cook couldn't have trav eled far or fast if the wind was blow ing. In 100T, when Mr.' Bradley, . who also should get his share of credit, was outfitting theT cruislug yacht. Dr. !ook wanted me to go along as Sailing mas ter, but said he wouldn't try for the pole while Commander Peary was in the field." SETTLERS FOR HAWAII. 8peoial 8ession of Legislature Called to Start Land Law Revision. A proclamation calling a special ses sion of the territorial , legislature to consider amendments to the organic act of Hawaii has been issued by Gov ernor Frear. Among the changes rec ommended are amendments to the land laws to encourage settlers to take up homesteads and increased pay for legislators and federal officials of the territory.' ! The governor desires to restrict pub lic lands so that any single homestead er may take up to eighty acres; also to bar out aliens from homesteading, to enforce residence on lands pre empted and to distribute land by lot tery instead of by auction. The legis lature is expected to pass an act on these lines which will be submitted to congress. When congress approves it. It is ex pected that large numbers of good set tlers will come to Hawaii. The "Copper" Versus the Pledge. Chicago policemen are having a hard time of it under their new chief, Colo - ,t now t Steward, who has an idea that patrolmen ougnt to utay ber at all times. The word has gone forth from the chiefs office that. If Colonel Steward can make it so, the force will' be a teetotalers' brigade. One day recently the chief had six men "broken" for drunkenness, and the crusade Is to.be carried "on vigor ously, with ttie fate of the six held up as an example to the rest of the men. "Many outrages-against citizens have been committed in the past by drunk en policemen," says a Chicago news paper. "Even the most superficial ob server ought to know that not alone the drunken policeman, but the police man who drinks on duty, is a. peril. Therefore, while the civil service com mission is weeding out the drunken wearers of uniforms : it must punish with proper severity policemen who drink wblle on duty." . THOSE ESKIMO MURDERERS. Explorer Raemussen Defends the No torious East Greenlanders. Knud Itasmussen, the Danish sci entist, who supports Dr. Cook's, claim as to the discovery of the north pole, has written a book on life among the Eskimos which has established his reputation as an authority. Rasmussen tells some weird stories about the horrible murders practiced by these Eskimos In then earlier days, but lu summing up their general char acteristics he adds: "I have never in the course of my travels lived with more cheerful, more amiable and good humored people than these east Greenlanders, who, had tbey lived in a civilized state, would have paid the penalty of the law for most horrible murders.' And again, speaking of the Eskimos as a whole, he says: . "There Is no people with a history which, as regards the bitterness of its struggle for existence and the eeriness of its memories, can be compared with the best of the Eskimos. Yes, they are good natured and filled with a desire for peace in spite of all. But do not forget that they are, first and fore most, men, and men formed by the na- ture surrounding them. The mind of the Eskimo can be quiet and serene, but it can be savage and remorseless as the orean Itself." OVERRULED JUDGE PECKHA&1 Hired lV!an Differed With Suprems Court Justice About Hay Crop. The late United States Supreme Court Justice Ilufus W. Peckham owned a picturesque farm at Altamont, a short distance from Albany, N. Y., where he died. His family spent their summers at this farm, which was contiguous to the farms of several other wealthy Al bany families. One evening the Judge took a turn about his farm. The hired man had cut hay during the day. The crop was uot as bountiful m it mhiM have been :r ns great as the Juflj;e h.A v . ... - - THE LATE JTJSTIOS PECKHAM. anticipated. The newly cut grass w; spread about, as Is the case on nl farms, to allow It to dry, so that 1' might be placed in the barn. Th judge as be glanced over the meadov was displeased. He showed it Turu lng to the hired man, he said to him: "It seems to me that your method? are very lax. Why are you not mori particular iu scraping up the bay? Al over the field you have left little drib blings." The hired man looked hard at tLi judge and then answered, "Why, that is the crop." MEAT PRICES STAY HIGH. And They May Go Higher In Near ' - - ; " ' Future. ' ' ' ; Accounts of the American Meal Packers' association convention held iu Chicago to the effect that there la lit tie prospect of the price of meat be ing reduced In the near future, but rather, a likelihood of its being raised did not surprise meat dealers. "It Is not because the ranches can not provide enough cattle," says one of Che bead men of one of Nt biggest packing house branches. "The trouble Is that the price of corn ha? gone so high. To raise the right kind of beef and pork corn must be fed to cattle and. hogs. . The price of corn Is so high that the farmers are charging more for their cattle and bogs. . "The price of beef has risen 3 cents a pound in the last four months. 1 have been in the business all my life, and I remember that less than ten years ago loins of pork were 8 and 9 cents a pound. Today the retailer pays 17 and 18 cents a pound for the same meat, and in another month he will be paying 20 and 22 cents a pound. There seems little reason to believe there wlll be any early i'elief for the consumer." Dentistry For a Crocodile. Hattie, the Bronx . (New York! zoo's nine foot Indian crocodile has had sev en of her long teeth sawed off close to the gums preparatory to being taken Into Inside quarters for her long win ter's nap. Since she went out to the iron and concrete summer quarters last spring she suffered another a mptif in tion, that time one which was accom plished neatly by a smaller crocodile's Jaws, without the help of Keeper Sny der, and besides her shortened teeth she now has only three legs and an undiminished tail to help her raise ructions. Curing Ham by Electricity. Ham may be cured by electricity, ac cording to a report made at the pack ers' convention at Chicago, and lasts several years. The meat is put into a vat of brine, and an electric current Is passed through the vat IV1RS; BELMONT IS NOW AN AUTHOR She Combines Suffragette Pro- moling With Literature. STORIES OF CHILD LIFE. The Volume Records Doings of Mrs. Own Children French ,' Illustrator Disposal of Belmont's Artist the the Profits. Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, the New York society woman who has joined the woman's suffrage movement has written a , story book for children which is almost ready for the publish er's hands, and if it were not for the great demands made upon her time by suffrage work the set of tales would h.ive been among this year's holiday offerings. As a story writer Mrs. Belmont ap pears in a new guise, for tew tr auy of her most Intimate friends have had the slightest inkling of this gift. The book was bc.vuu several months ago and has ; beeu written for her own pleasure, and for the entertainment of her grandchildren, the two sons" of the Duchess of Marlborough. The stories have pleased this apdi- ence of two, the youthful Marquis of Blanford and .: iLord Ivor Spencer Churchill, both of whom have listened eagerly to the recital of stirring tales of the two heroes and one heroine who are the principal characters In the book.' It was ber grandchildren's ab sorbed Interest in these stories, which they have clamored for ever since they were .old enough. to listen to stories. that suggested the idea of. collecting the tales and presenting them in book form for others to read, for. Mrs. Bel mont explained, "if these tales of other children give pleasure to my grandchildren might they not Inter est and entertain others?" Stories of the Vandarbilts. The charm of this little volume is that they are all true stories, being a faithful chronicle of the doings of Mrs. Belmont's own children when they were growing up, so that when the sons of the Duchess of Marlborough listen to these stories of the pranks and the childish plays of the two heroes and the heroine In the book they are really hearing about their own mother and their two uncles, Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt. Jr.. and Mr. Harold Sterling Vanderbilt ' The book will be handsomely Jllus trated, Mrs. Belmont says, she herself having arranged personally with a well known French artist to make the drawings, and It will be a volume of unusual beauty as well as of unusual interest It has not been decided by the au thor to what purpose the funds from the sale of the book will be placed, but it would not be at all surprising If they weK devoted to the cause of wo man suffrage. In which Mrs. Belmont is interested. NATION TO TEACH HOUSEKEEPING Government Plans to Teach Do mestic Science to Women. TO AID THE FARMERS' WIVES Department of Agriculture Has the Project Under Way, and Details of .the Movement Are Already Decided On "Farmers' Institutes For Wo- . men" Is the Slogan.' ' Convinced that the countrywoman is not getting the necessary training in the way to manage a home and be cause -of the fact that" instruction in , domestic science in for the most part : confined to students iu towns and cities ' the department of agriculture has tak en up seriously the question of how to tram the women of the rural districts 1 to do their work and manage their homes. The Individual brought up in the country may suspect that the farmer's wife knows more about running a home Drooerly than her Bister In the city, but the department of agriculture doesn't feel that way about it It finds' a great need for instructing the farmers' wives and daughters In domestic science and purposes to make a beginning through . farmers' Institutes for women, - - v Results of Ignorance In Home. ' According to a report on the subject" by John Hamilton, farmers institute specialist of the department of agricul ture, comparatively little Is being done in training women and girls who live hi the country In domestic science or ' the management of ' the home. The rural schools do little, and other op portunltles are few. ' Ignorance in the home of the proper way to manage It," Mr. Hamilton points out, means food Improperly prepared and sanitary con-' dltions neglected. Moreover, the selec-, tlon and cooking of food and the keep ing of things clean are not all the items in the ; duties of the countrywoman.1 Other problem's exist such as those connected with the rearing and educa tion of children,, the clothing of the family and the social, intellectual and aesthetic improvement of the housewife herself. . . Radical Change In Methods. - According to the census of 1000, there were 37,244,145 women aod girls In this country. About 35 per cent, or over 13,000,000, lived in tue rural dis tricts. Mr. Hamilton says that to reach this great multitude with even limited educational facilities for the study of domestic science uud household art will require, as Mr. Hamilton views it, a radical change lu ilie methods here tofore pursued. The Introduction of the study of domestic - Hclenee aud household art into the rural schools, the high schools and the uormal schools Is only a part of the work tnat will be required. . , ' "Winter 1 schools for adult women will have to be organized." says Mr. Hamilton. "Movable schools In large numbers will have to be sent out; suit able demonstration schemes wilt need countrywomen will have ; to be em ployed, "and publications .adapted to,, the capacity and needs of rural house wives will have to be Introduced 'into their homes." . . Institutes For Women. V Farmers', institutes heretofere have been largely conducted for men. H women attended, they have had to con sider the same subjects as the men, as a rule. But . now the movement fot distinct farmers' institutes for women is rapidly growing, and it is considered by the department the best agency at n resent to Increase the countrvwom- r - . m an's knowledge of domestic science. Last year 732 meetings for country women were held by the farmers' in stitute directors in the several states. The work in such institutes Is far from perfect, but it is in the right direction. As in the case of many other things, other more progressive nations in such matters are far ahead of the United States, though the American finds it hard to realize it. Austria, Belgium, AviulAri Virarair riAnmorb QlirltCAF. land, France and the German states have for many years been conducting schools of domestic science and home economics specially adapted to coun try people and also courses of study iu these subjects in fixed institutions In towns and cities. Canada's Bumper Wheat Crop. Canada's wheat crop is estimated at( 168,386,000 bushels, or 43.696,000 bush els more than last year's.