Newspaper Page Text
DECEMBER 18, 1909
THE PIOCHE RECORD I AGE TWO NEW SOURCE OF RADIU English Engineer Says There li Cl In Portugal. A' ' That the recent discovery of rich ore deposits la Portugal will make possible for the tirm lime tlie tnauufacture of radium hi quantities sufficiently large for cominerciit I use Is the assertion of nan auiiu, a jvuuj ijusiisu m engineer, who has come to this coun try lu the hope of Interesting Ameri can scientists and American capital In the Portuguese mines. He has brought VnJflv l.tiik Iwktf fill nf AHtt U f I IT a I H Mf which have been examined by miner alogists here und abroad, who declare that the mineral contains urge quanti ties of crystalline urauite.or what is technically known us autunite, the sub stance from which radium - Is ex tracted. , Professor James F..-Kemp, head of the department of geology at Colum bia, and other members of the staff ,-, According to one analyst, Allen F. Walden of the chemical department of Oxford uulversity. who subjected the mineral to the usual scientific tests for " ' radium. It is estimated that , the ore contains nearly 720 milligrams of ra dium to the ton. a new record. The ore Itself lie found to be made up of quartz thickly crusted with ' yellow crystals. These crystals' when exam ined proved to contain "uranium, cal cium .and phosphoric acid, and there was no trace of other metallic or acid impurities. . . ' Up to the time of the discovery of the Portuguese deposits the chief ore from which radium was extracted was pitchblende, considerable quantities of which are found in Bohemia and in Cornwall, England. The amount of ra dium producing material In this sub- stance, according to Mr. March.- Is about 0 per cent, whereas the ore ob tained from Portugal has been tested and found to contain 33 per ceut of oxide of uranium. E. B. Barbonl, a French chemist, nfler subjecting the new mineral to, careful tests, declared that by reason of the ease with which it could be treated It was in his opin ion "at least three times superior as raw material to pitchblende." COUNTRY BANKS THE BEST. Young Men Find There Grraio.t Op i portunitics, Says Chicji-jn. "Young num. 'go to the country if you warn a tlmiinr-h groundwork for a financial career.. Shun the big city bank, where you are liable to get into a departmental groove und go "no high er." ' '.,:- Joseph T. Talbert. president of the Chicago Clearing House association and first vice president of the' Com mercial National bank of Chicago, wns talking of the reasons as he saw them for his being called to New York as a vice president of the National City bank when he gave this advice to young men. Mr. Talbert attributes hta success to the fact thai he wns trained In a coun try Institution and says that he "nib bed elbows with the farmer." "In the banking business, ns well ns in any line rf trade, the man who knows his customers, their habits and peculiarities, is going to get the best results, l.hnve never regretted that my start was In the country bank, it was a good school, nnd no young man who is In earnest will have cause for .regret If he takes a course In It." POLE FINDER CONFESSES. Professor Phelps of Yale, Drawn by a Sawhofse, Reaches World's Top.' professor " William ' Lyon Phelps of Yale says that he, is the only original discoverer' of the north pole v; Ut de; pcrilies II in the following letter: At latitude 8 I made my nnal dash, consisting of a few parenthetical remarks on the weather. I hitched the span, tne aawhorse and the pony, to a new buck board wagon, cutting oft the tongue, so that I might be the first to announce my discovery. Ten mllea had swiftly flown by, when the pony, thinking that . the aawhorse wna a seahorse, tried to eat him. The pony naturally resented thin, and the team, already frightened by the narrowness of the meridian lines and by the spectacle of a large fountain penguin, . became unmanageable. ' Te two faithful Eskimos were thrown ; out and were immediately devoured by polar bears, who, seeing their long beards, took them for arctic hairs, esteemed a ; great delicacy by these animals. 1 was pucnea nign in ino sir na lanaea on tne small of my hack, thus discovering not only the pole, but the whiftletree. At this moment my right ascension was about ten seconds, my declination, ao fnr as any future attempts are concerned, was final and absolute. Yours very truly, ' WILLIAM LYON 1'HKLPS. Luck of an Inventor's Wife. - Mrs. Thomas A. Kdlson recovered a diamond ring worth $1,100 which she gave up as lost six years ago. The yoang inau who found It at that time had kept It ever since, believing It to be without value. He was rewarded with a check and the promise of a Job, something he was in , want of. Robert F. McCarthy of 52 Mount Ver non avenue,- Orange, found the ring when he was a student iu St. John's MH.tnl air tears am. H was ebest- nutting in Llewellyn park, vtem or ange!, N. 4., not far from the Edison homei ahd"he picked It up from Among the leaves by the roadside. Insurance' Policy Slot Machines. Peanuts and accident Insurance poli cies can now be obtained from slot machines'. ' There Is enoitgh money to be made from vending them to Induce men associated with the Standard Oil company to organize a million dollar concern to manufacture and place the slot machines. It is expected that this company will in time control all slot machines that have anything to sell. FATHER AGAINST SON. Novel Contest Between the Gardners For Buffalo 7Colf Championship, t' Mr. W. Allen Gardner of the Coun try club of Buffalo won the city cham pionship on the Park club links recent ly. The runner up was his seventeen-year-old sou, Hamilton Gardner. This was the unique result of the play that eliminated all other contestants lu a flcl.l of nearly 100 entrants. 'ever be f. re In this .country has a father faced ; nil in the final of a city cbaiuplon ;.;.) loulest. The unusual situation (..mod the greatest Interest "among ;!."iTs'. and the press of the city fea tured the mutch in prominent bead : lines.' A lien Gardner, the uevv champion. h.:s for years been a star member of the ('otiHt.v club team and has playe;l in many tournaments In this and other states in well as lu Canada. His prow- ova as; a golfer Is well known, and from the first he was considered n likely candidate for ch.imiouship' hon ors in the city 'tournament. Put no one thought of Hamilton In that con nection. The youngster bus been play ing the game only a couple of years, but bis advancement has been so rapid that his father openly confessed Id's fear of the' result when the final testt came, ''''"'". That his fears were well grounder! vwas showu at the very start of. Ih raatch. when the boy won the first two holes and. after halving the third, wou the fourth, making him 3 up. It looked very much at this stnee as If the son was about to make a runaway game of it. He was clearly piaytug the-better golf and showed absolute j confidence, without a sign of nervous- : ness. The large gallery that followed lu the wake of the straugely matched , pair, which was composed, of 'Mr. i Gardner's old golfing friends, could with difficulty refrain from chaffing the father on his Impending defeat; but, of course, they restrained them selves, although their amusement must have been perfectly obvious to the exasperated sire. '''."' Hamilton was 2 up at the turn and going as smoothly as silk. But nt this juncture the "old man" took a mental bracer and proceeded to close til the gup In the score. Bight at the Vnitb hole he started his gait, winning it In 3 to nnnvMton's 4. As the bogle l.i fi. It can be seen flint the pair were straining every nerve. They went along Iti bogie to the 'twelfth, which Allen won in one stroke under the culonel's p:'.ttcru. For the first time In the match they were all square. The kid" took the' thirteenth In 4, but Al leu evened up by winning ' the 'nest hole. The father annexed the next two holes and held this ad vantage to the eud. winning by 2 up. This ended t he most novel coulest foe. the city ibani pionshlp that Buffalo will ever see. in All probability. -American Golfer. HAVE YOUR CHILD TESTED. Clark University Will Tell You if Any r- thirg Is Wronfl With It. '--- Secretary Henry S. Curtis, of Ihv Child Conference For Besearch and Welfare Instituted at Clark univer sity at Worcester, Mass., as the first department of its kiud in this country. Is being Hooded with Inquiries from parents lu all parts of the couutry who desire to have their childreu examined by the uew methods. The purpose of the department is to gather statistics us to the best methods of promoting the health, happiness aud welfare of childreu und ortu -child welfare organizations. The endeavor also will be to determine lu what poiuts childreu are weakest morally or physically. The bead of the department, directly under Dr. G. Stauley Hall, president of Clark university, is Dr. Curtis, for merly of Washington, who has been engaged all his life in child welfare work. The department has uot been long enough organized to show results, aud It Is uot definitely known how It Is to be received by the child welfare organ lzatlons of the country, bat from the number of letters received lately con cerning it Dr. Curtis thinks it will leap Into popularity at once. Parents who have children with phys ical or moral defects may have them examined. "The chief purpose of the organization," said Dr. Curtis, ls to iiiate tin work of child welfare ln stltutious and especially to prf.v:S" v workers In these various fields who d 'ire it with the latest results of scien tific child study that bear upon Ibc-lr work. One of the most valuable fea tures of the work "will be to provide parents, teachers and others who In re the responsibility of the care of chil dren with the results of the scientific study of children." SEWED UP FOU THE WINTER. Foreign Mothers In Philadelphia Imi tate the Eskimos. - "Foreign mothers in Philadelphia have made It a practice to sew their children's clothes so they' would re main on all winter." That was the statement made be fore the American Humane association in convention In St. Paul by Miss Mary F. Love!! of Philadelphia, who said that drastic steps had been neces sary to stop i he practice with regard to pupils in the public schools. " AN INTELLECTUAL MARVEL. Harvard's New Eleven-year-old Stu dent Is a Mental Wonder. William J. Sidis. the eleven-year-old boy admitted to Harvard uulversity ad the youngest matriculate in, the long! history of the institution, could spell, j read nnd write at the age of two. He became deeply nbsorbed In bdoks when j other children were playing in the. snud and making houses of blocks. He , devoured everything readable that he could lay his bands on; and when he'1 had ndvnuced to the age ..of. five, his j yearning for knowledge had also ad- ' vamed to such a state that be began taking books from the Brookline (Mass.) Public library. 1 When he was six he was sent to the Runkle school. The school authorities Placed him In one of the hlcher muni-: mar grades, but withdrew him after six months, for he knew more t ha u they taught at that school, and It would bare been a waste of time to have kept him longer with the other pupils. When he was eteisi years old he was sent to the Brookline high school, one of the best In the country, for jt Is supported by the richest town in the world, ''lie remained there five months, s That was long enough, for he was then ! further advanced than the school. i lie. evinced n strong liking for math- , ematlcs nnd physics nt the age c.f eight and was greatly Interested in astron- omy nnd other sciences. At that early age he was ready for college, but-his parents decNned to send him to the higher institutions', as they were of the , opinion that their son would do more thorough work at home.' He was al lowed to study whenever he wished and whenever he liked. He was never forced along any particular line. This remarkable boy has been a puz r,!e to scientists, astronomers aud math-puwiiM-Mfs.., He prefers the company of men and women who gather at his. home, who are on nn Intellectual foot ing wit-li him. to the beys of .the nelgh borhocd. He discusses ndvnti'-ed sci ences with the learning of a professor. When a loy of eteht he spoke four languages. As n freshman nt the Brookline high school he made astro-: nomlcnl calculations which puzzled professors in mathematics. Invented a new system of logarithms In series of twelves Instead of tens, prepared ao" outline of advanced grammar and help ed pupils lu classes above him to mas ter their lessons. COOK FOUND SANTA CLAUS. At Any Rate, He Told a Little Chicago Girl He Made Discovery. It was left to a little Chicago girl to discover the real object of Dr. Cook's ' aud Commander Peary's heroic march es to the uorth pole. It was to call on Santa Claus. of course. Jeanie McDonald, the tluy daughter of Isaac McDouald. found this out and wrote to Dr. Cook, addressing her let ter North Pole, Brooklyn, asking him to please tell her what kind of a house . Krlss Kringle lived in. She wrote: Dear Dr. Cook Did you see Santa CUus at the north pole? What kind ot a house did he live In? Yours truly. JEANIE M'DONALD. ; Dr. Cook has replied iu part ns fol lows: ':'"' . v ....'' . "See Santa Claus? Why, of course 1 did. That's just why 1 went to the north pole. I went there to make sure that Santa Claus would not be angry at some of our grownups and big bad' boys who have made fun of him and said they did not believe lu hhu auy- i found i,im in hi, anow imta. e and every room from top to bottom was crowded with toys and candy aud great big packages of good will and; kindness aud love for little boys and , girls. And there were special pack ages, happiness aud content aud go:d , fellowship, for the grownups. j ."lie looks lust like his nlctures too. He is alwavs smlllnir. even when he Is working bard loading his sleighs with his good things for the people down hr And l Veens his reindeers al - way ready for trips. aroaad to. nr.ti , what the children! will be net-din his next visit, and. although we wet. very hungry when we got there. :v could not kill any of Santa Claus'. ani mals, because he said that would pit vent him from making all the calls he had to make among bis children. "See Santa Claus? Yes, indeed." Our Largest Wooden Vessel. The largest wooden vessel ever built In the United. States'-and the largest sailing vessel of American . registry will be launched from a Bath ..(Me,) shipyard on Dec. 14. This new ieadef of her class Is the six masted schooner Wvnmlnp ami hir nfflMnl mcflnnrp. ments give her a gross tonnage of 3,730, thus placing her ahead of the schooner William L. Douglas, the p?es ent title holder, with a gross tonnage" of 3,708. The Wyoming is 350 feet long over ail, 329.5 feet keel and 30.4 feet deep. , . ,. Worked Eleven Years For $10.: : H. Buckley, of Spokane and Fred So denberg of Seattle have reached Port Townsend after prospecting eleven years for gold in the Interior of Alaska without seeing civilization. A small pack of furs and a spoonful of nuggets worth $10 are all they have for their eleven years' work. ; Pastors to Select Jurymen. To Improve the class of jurymen the court at Wllkesbarre, Pa. has asked clergymen of. the county to send in lists of men they recommend. The pastors will send in names picked from their congregation and expect to elim inate politick from juries. Hawk and Weasel In Death Duel. A hawk "and weasel were after the I satu? UPtl ,n Klston Trowbridge's farm ' -vard at F"lrfieM,N. J...wbeu the, hawk 8ot tne weasel by mistake.; The wea c,unS to thi hawk, nnd they fought la midair until fiey dropped and killed each other. on the ground. GRIM GAME IN RUSSIA. Littre Larfa Play at "Trial" and Almost Execute a Comrade. A letter from Chersou. Russia, in de scribing an execution, says that mili tary trials and the speedy executions which follow them have been of such roinmon occurrence that the public mind has become blunted. "Sentenced to death and executed" has become a stock-phrase, ami the oft repeated gaL lows stories have influenced the minds of children to such an extent that they have a game called "trial." In which the brutalities of which they have heard are enacted. The writer says that the playing of this game by a number of boys in that town, none of whom was more than thirteen years old. nearly 'resulted' In the death of on little fellow who had beeu selected to p! v the nart of the prisoner. He W'.s tried. 1'oini'l guilty and sentenced to be eve'-ried. Only the timely Inter ference of elders prevented the trag edy. . y-' WIRELESS ACROSS PACIFIC. Steamship Minnesota Sent the Hert zian Waves 3,628 Miles. The Great Northern steamship Min nesota, plying between Seattle nnd the orient, was In communication Willi i rt Beet tie and Japanese wireless station every night during her- last trip. She exchanged messages with the Seattle station of the United Wireless coin pany until she was 3.!2S miles on her wav to Yokohama. This establishes a new record between shTp "and Wore. The distance is greater.-, than from Nova Scotia to-the Irish coast between which messages are occasionally sen! by means of high powered wireless sip paratus from towers of great altitude. To appreciate the significance of the Minnesota's wireless performance it should be understood that the mes sages 'were sent from the ordinary ship's aerial nnd that the apparatus la of only five kilowatt power, lustead of the fifty kilowatt power now used to transmit messages between f hi Nova Scotia and Irish coasts. Paris Apaches' Trained Dogs. The newest pest of the Paris subur ban districts is the "Apache dog." which to taught by its masters to Jump at lonely pedestrians and bite them while the hooligan rifles the vie Una's pockets. It appears that, taking a hint from the police methods. - the Apaches have recently trained several animals of the same breed as tut. po- '! " to attack policemen and oth ; rB Churches to Advertise. After the fashion of big business nd Trtlsert.Sthei comblued Protestau churches of this country will early In January begin a campaign . to nder ttse social, racial, economic -and .. re llgious problems which imperil Ainer- life and American Institutions. j The advertising will bft bj twwsj?apers magazines, periodicals. , posters, bilt- 1 noaras ana literature. BATTLESHIP. OF CONCRETE. One Is on El Fraile Island at the Mouth P. '. . - ' Manila Bay." '; ; One of the most unusual defensive works In the world has been erected by the war department on El Fraile island, one of the four Islands whleh form a chain across the mouth of Ma nila bay. All these Islands have been strongly fortified In order to prevent a foreign fleet from entering the bay. On El Fraile islaud has been built a fixed battleship of concrete having two steel turrets in each of which are mounted two fourteen-tnch guns. These turrets can be trained lu any direction by the gun crew Inside. The original plan for the fortification of El Fraile contemplated the enlarge ment of the island, which la small, and narrow and the establishment of an ordinary fort. This plan, however, was abandoned in favor of the con crete "battleship, which has' been prac tically completed. The fourteen inch guns mounted in turrersKon' El. Fraile are operated by the general tire con trol station on Corregidor island. The artlli'- ial concrete hip is about a hundred f.ct wide and L'JOi) feet long. Waiiiiit3 Crcv.ing on Oak frees ... The superintendent of public In struction of California. Edward Hyatt, returned recently to Sacramento from San , Andreas. Calaveras county, where he found walnuts growing on oak trees. The experiment is being con ducted successfully by E. M. Price, who lias a large number or new spe cies about his borne. The nuts, ac cording to Hyatt,grow about three" times as large as the ones in the tnar- lifts. The product is the result of con sl.lerable experimenting. The grafting Is done by cuttlug the limbs of walnut trees ant? grafting them into stocky oaks. ... '.'.- ' ,;"-. ";.'.:' , ', San Frar.ci-:so Wan'.j World's Fair. With th-' Hucces: of the Portola fes tkal barely oyer, the citizens of San Francisco, have enthusiastically taken up the suggestion "made by Mayor Tay-. lor that the city , commemorate the opening of the Panama canal. In 1915 with a gigantic world's fair. THf LURE OF THE ARCTIC. :'-'- After One Experience It Outweighs Love of Home or Mcney. Polar life brings strange revelations. A man who Is a model of amiability at home is a savage In those high lati tudes, where-Mother Nature and hu manity seem bent on revealing their crudest characteristics. When u man goes to the arctics first he dislikes It. If he Is caught there one" winter he vows to himself that he 'Will never repeat the adventure. Yet when he pets In; k home he discovers that the "white Micnce" has n compelling , fas cination. I have never known a man who could resist I ho chance, to go again, even at a Cnan. ial loss. After twenty. years of. experience, if another opportunity nunc i uie. it. H doubtful whether 'tiny consideration would pre vent my taking up' the work again. - Once the charm of those long months of daylight, the mysterious, deathly silence of those lung nights, the white glare of tli.it brilliant moonlight across trackless wastes of snow and ice. has been felt a man is unable to resist the siren call of the north that has be come more to him than family, home, friends or money. Gladly he takes his life iu Jiis hand and fares forth again Into those frozen setts.-Captain Coffln, of Ziegler Polar Expedition,. In Na tional MacazbiH. TO 'WIN IN FOUR ROUNDS. Jim Jeffries Dreamed Twice That Hs Had Knocked Out Jack Johnson. Jim Jeffries, the pugilist who is matched to fight Jack Johnson for the heavyweight championship of the -world, will knock out the negro pugil ist In the fourth round of their mill if dreams are made of real staff. Jef fries recently told his parents while Tisiting them at Springfield, III., that he dreamed twice of the coming mill and each dream found him winner by the knockout route in the fourth round. Just after the articles were signed Jim dreamed he had won by a knock-' out In the fourth, he told Sam Berger, his manager. In Akron soon after wru jeunes again areamea of the fight, with' the same' result It Is a long swing that Is to put out' Johnson, according to the dream stuff. ' . New Cod Bank. A new "cod bank" In the gulf of St. Lawrence, off the west coast of Newfoundland,-has been discovered by the Canadian gorernment- survey ship Eli nor. The new bank is sltnated about twenty-five miles northwest from Point Kifhehe-'nortbwest point of lngor nacholx ' bay) "and Is reported to . be about twenty-eight miles long and ten to twelve miles wide. The. least depth if wafer over the bink la said to be about eighteen fathoms. Cod are re ported to be in abundance.