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THE PIOCHE RECORD
SATURDAY, APRIL , 1112. HE PRESIDENT'S EGONOMYRECORD raft Insists That Government Bs Run on Sound Business Basis. HIS PROGRESSIVE POLICY Hit Personal Efforts to Reduce Cost o' Efficient Service Bring Roull Bust nts Methods Applied Economy and Efficiency Commission Fought by Democrats. President Taft more than any of his predecessors In the White House has Slven strict attention to placing I he eovernuient upon a business basis us regards Its receipts and expenditures. Lcouomy ami efficiency became one of the cardinal policies of his ndiuluistm tlou as aoou 11s he entered iikii the presidency, and It was well for the country that this was so. for his ml uiinistratiou Inherited u .tell, -It In tin treasury of fTi8.tkJ0.U0i. which has now been transformed luto a surplus or :ilJ.00O.0O(. The average citizen iin.l taxpayer will be Interested in this fact, because the prolilem which con fronted the president at the outsi t, ill though upon a gigantic scale, was similar to thnt of the ordinary shop keeper on business man, farmer or wage earner or eveu housewife who Is called npou to make "both ends meet" either In business or iu the home. liy law the secretary of the treasury Is called upon every year to r Jitnit to congress in December the "o mintos' of governmental exMnditures for the uext fiscal year, beginning the fol.jw lug July 1. As cuugress has to oro Tide the mouey to run the government. THE RECALL the money has to he appropriated for specific purposes before It can be ex peoded. and If this were not done be fore the beginning of the fiscal year the machinery of government would stop unless euiergeucy provision could be made. Hew Estimates Are Mads. The "estimates" are prepared by the executive departments of which each member of the cabinet is a head 'Hie cabinet officer get the "estimates" in their respective departments from their chiefs of bureaus and then combine them as the "estimates" for the depart ruent. The "estimates" from all do partnieuts are then sent to the soerc tary of the treasury to lie submitted n congress, mill they then become the "estimates" for the cost of running the entire goverutueut during the next tls cal year. L'pon these tigures congress makes the greuar part If Its appro. 1 ia Hons, amounting to more than $Uk. 000.000 annually. Until 11108 a more or less lax method of making estimates for the minimi appropriations obtained throughout the jtovernineut. The figures sent to con Kress each year, instead of showing Judications of a careful "pruning" nil alone the Hue. "bowed there was a disposition ntnoug the departments to Tie with each other In getting as 'urge appropriations as possible without con sidering whether or not the money de- manded could be advantageously ex- peuded during the coming year. I note wag no standardization or supplies, mm the various departments were paying varying prices for the same article uu. p.id.nt Tsft Did. . d.m Tsft took office uueni '"u" " ds srstem ceased. At the outset Pres. this system ceaseu. ;."' Went Taft Impressed upon his cabinet offlMals the absolute necessity of econ - cut and efficiency In their depart ments He admonished them that not dollar bevond what was necessary to ran the government efficiently In their departments. Including a fair margin for progress, which U a part of efficien cy In the prop-am of President Taft. sturald ha asked of congress. The ef fect wits Immediate Every depart i meut began work at once to investi gate its own expenditures and to de vise ways and means of curtailing ex travagances. The result was that con gress received the lowest estimates it bad seen in years. This was followed by a rciliiciion in appropriations to cor reH,nd. always allowing for the uut ural growth of the government's ac tivities, which represented net sav ing to t!ie taxpayers of the country. 1'rosidcnt Tart was uot, however, satisfied that all had been done that could he done He realized that the. depart mi nts of the government, like Individuals, are naturally prone to be proud of their own achievements and by reason of their familiarity with their owu endeavors often insisted that their work was more important than the work of the other depart ments, relatively speaking. Iu order t - correct Unit evil be asked congress to give him $1(10.1100 for it commission of disinterested experts to investigate and report on the business of the gov ernment, with a view to further econ omy and efficiency. Thus came Into official being the commission of thut name This commission, among other duties, was directed to prepare the receipts and expenditures of the government on n "budget" basis, which is the sys tem followed by practically all the leading nations of the world except the f lilted States, ruder this system It Is possible for the humblest citizen to analyze the finances of tile government IU an..- time and to lay his linger upon the responsible political party in the event of extravagance or of stinginess. The system finder which nppropria tlous for the government of the l.'lilt ed States have been made has even de tied the e.erts in their endeavors to unravel the tangled skeins of expendi tures, so that It is a fair statement to say that no clt!::en of this country up to tile present time has ever thorough ly utidvrstood it here his taxes were ex pended. TJie Pr;aident's Position, Al the present time the teniocratlc house of representatives is endeavor lug to end the usefulness of the eciiu CF A DECISION. omy and efficiency commission by cut tiug off its appropriations. Ill a recenl appeal to congress fur funds to con tlnue the great work It has begun, which all thinking men and women will upprove. I'reshleut Tan pointed out that the people of the country as a whole are Interested chiefly la the fallow i hk goveruuieutal objects: The national defense, the protection of ier sous and property, the promotion of friendly relations and the protection of American Interests abroad, the regula tion of commerce aud Industry, the promotion of agriculture, fisheries, for estry au;l mining, the promotion of manufacturing, commerce and bauk lug. the promotion of transportation unit communication, the postal service, including postal savings banks and parcels post; the cure and utilization of the public domain, the promotion of education, ait anil science and recrea tion; the promotion of public heal Hi aud the care and education of the iu dluus and other wards of the nation There me many oilier public questions, of course, but these are the vital aud comprebenslvejues, aud the "budret" is proposed for the purpose of glviug inforuiatiou as to the needs of these matters. 1 lie president. In order that his policy of economy and efficiency mav be concluded and beconie one of the greatest achievements of bis ad niiuist ia tlou thut of piaclug the gov ernuient ou a busiuess basis wants cogress to appropriate f'-'oO.OOO more f(ir tU(. support of the commission now ,j(m tll.,t work. . .ple economy aud efficiency commis ; m) v,.,s already saved to the taxpay i ers of the country mora than $3,000,000 annually uy us suggrsi.ou, mm uy u. 1 1 l. nmletert i. work it is be , ,iim, this sum can be saved 1 ' " dais alone it has found thnt .12.000,000 was expended in a single year at the iii-lusf nrevalliug railroad rates. At least a fourth of this can be saved by the application of business methods such us President Taft has applied snd has insisted shall be applied to all the departments of the government. TAFT'S RECORD AGAINST TRUSTS Sharman Law Enforced Without Fear or Favor. EXCELS HIS PREDECESSORS, Both In Civil and Criminal Prosecu tion Taft Administration Breaks All Records Legal-Accomplishments of Five Presidents Compared. TAFT'S ANTI-TRUST RECORD. Under the last five administra tions prosecutions under the Sherman anti-truit law have been brought as follows: Crim Civil inal suits, suits. Total. Under Harrison (three ye.-.rs.... 4 3 7 Under Cleveland (four years) 8 2 7 Under McKinley (four snd one years) Three bills in equity Under Roosevelt (seven and one half years) 18 23 44 Under Taft (two yeara and eleven months).. 22 40 62 One property seizure The ratio of prosecutions, al lowing for length of time in of fice, of the Taft administration as compared with the records of its four immediate predecessors is approximately as follows: Taft ovsr Harrison 9 to 1 Taft over Cleveland 12 to 1 Taft over McKinley 30to1 Taft ovsr Roosevelt 4 to 1 President Tail's administration has broken nil records I. a prosecui tons brought and won under lie- Sherman mill trust law Without font or favoi It has hrutiuht to the hat of Justice cor ponuioiis and persons engaging In ille gai . oiiibliiatloiis In restraint of trade, the tilt limit purpose of each ciiiuhliin tlou being to create a monopoly aud to use the prices on Its products hi two years and Vlevt-u luonihs of his aduiliiisti'at Ion President Tuft lias aused to Pe brnualit four more cub suits and fifteen more criminal pro cut mils ttiau Mr. Koosevelt brooch! In tile seven mill one half years of tils ad ministration titil Mr Taft benitne the president (he ailtnlnistratlou of Mr Koosevelt held the record In both particulars Thus has President Taft. who wus Mt Itoosevelt's riulii arm during his last Hdiiiiiilsiratiou. kept his pledge to the American people to uphold anil iiialu tutu the policies of Ills predecessor III punishing the criminals and iiiuleslra ble element in the big business of tin- country. In the 1 1 1- .it 1 il I. h n national platform of I ! h in reference v.ns made to tin prosecution of e ii trusts and lunnopo lies as one of the iire.it -acciuiipllsli nieuis of the Itooseveil adailtii -trntloti and the platform declared tint the Sherman null trust law had boon n wholesome Instrument for good in tin hands of ii wise and fearless executive iu his speech of acceptance Mr Taft pledged himself to the enforcement ot this law mid has kept his prouii-e Probleme Confronting Taft Stripped of controversy as to tile xaci meaning of certain languuitc ot the Sherman null trust act. the ipies tlons thai hail to tie determined h those in administrative nutlioritv anil those who judicially determine their acts were, first, how effective the law was to reach the great aggregations of formerly competitive pindiioers and dealers. Individual and corporate, wiio through tutcrcoi'pnriitc stockholdina mergers, consolidations mid otherwlsf had nconlreil so great a control over a particular line of Industry as to en able them to dominate It and to ex elude or admit . competition as they might choose upou their owu terms Vcondl.v. to determine whether that construction of the law was correct which hail been given to It by some ot the Judges of the circuit court In New York In the tobacco case and In the opinions of some of the Justices of thi' supreme court lu other cases to the effect that any fonibliiiitloii which In any respect operated to restrain to any degree a preexisting competition In Interstate commerce was necessarily condemned by law. In the three years of the Taft ad ministration all of the sixteen cases left iHMitllng by the previous admlnls tratlon have been disposed of except two, which have licen argued and sub mitted to the supreme court of the United States and are now awaiting decision. Of the remaining cases the Standard Oil case wus argued early during the present administration aud, after an apeul, decided entirely In fnvor of the government. The same was also true of the tobacco cases, with the ultimate result ot the dlsln tegrntiiin of that ble trust Into four teen separate and distinct corpora tlous This, It Is lielleved. will effec tlvelv prevent a continuance of tbe moiio'xiHstlc conditions complained of. Taft Anti-trust Record. . Purlug the Taft administration up to February, 1012. twenty-two civil suits have lieen brought and forty criminal Indictments found under tbe Sherman law, making In all sixty two proceed lugs. As a result there were fifteen Indictments, aud eleven ot these In OOO Promise and What the Republican Platform of 1908 Pledged ' Ooo PROMISE. Tariff revision along protective lines, ith a maximum and minimum pre ision. Free interchange of products with Ph lippinee. Development of permanent currency system. Establishment of postal savings banks. To increase oower of oavarnmint to eontrol trusts and secure greater pub- ity or corporation methods. Nstlonal supervision of railroad stocks and bond issues. Enactment of molavan' liahilitv hu and other laws further advancing in- teroits of Americsn workingmen. To define authority of courts with re gard to writ of injunction and uphold ntegrity of courts. Extension cf rural free delivery. More federal aid in agricultural ex- ponmonte. Enforcement of fourteenth, fifteenth end sixteenth amendments to the con stitution. Conservation of natural resources nd improvement of waterways. To maintain and promote American army and navy. Expansion of foreign oommerce. Liberal pensions for wsr veterana. Protection of American citizene abroad. Obodience to and maintenance of oivil eervice laws. Greater efficiency In publio health agencies. Statehood for New Mexico and Ari zona. Extenaion of principle of arbitration. Citizenship for Porto Ricans. o oO',-""-"---"-1 volved eighty or more defendants Klgbt out of twelve defendants were convicted on one Indictment after trial by Jury anil their conviction eotinruioit by the court of appeals, aud thirteen criminal prosecutions are pending A brief review of the cases brought under the anti trust law during the ad ministration ilenionst rates Clearly its value to the American people In their protection of that equality of opportu nity w hich is declined by the platform of the lteptthllrau party to be the right of every citizen. Iteference to n few of the antl trust cases brought by the Taft administra tion gives an excellent Idea of the hard ships winie of these illegal combina tions email upon consumers. In the prosecution of a case agaliiNt n number of Individuals who uttempted to corner all the free cotton remaining of the crop of 1IKI3 It resulted hi a raise in the price of that commodity to the spinners, prevented some from making any purchases and was therefore re straining Interstate commerce. In like manner tbe government took coeul.ance of the pooling In the wire Industry, with the result that nine In dictments were found In New York against eighty-three, persons engaged In that business It was an Illegal re straint of trade, and when the court, proceedings had tieen finished the va rlous defendants w ere fined in amounts averaging $1,000 each, with the excep tion of the supervisor of the pool, who was fined Jiri.000 One of the most outrageous cases of combination In restraint of trade and a notable vlolution of the Sherman law was thnt of the hand blown window glass Industry, Practically all of the manufacturers (eh:hty-tbree in nuin ben formed a company which control led tbe entire output of hand blown glass. As a result the price was ad vanced 100 per cent within less than a year. The Indictment of the men re 8Hins1ble, the imposition of fines and the restoration of the business upon Its former lines were followed by a sub stauthil reductlou In tbe price of buud blown glass. Tbe federal government Is prosecut ing suits against the beef trust aud the lumber trust wltb every promise of victory. No Brass Band. Brass hands and megaphones have not lieen needed to herald the accom plishments of the administration of President Tnft. AM of the great achievements for which the president Is directly responsible have ieen uc compllshcd quietly and without the slightest semblance of noise or bluster The voters of the country displayed their fath lu President Taft aud his policies lu lttu-8. and they are prepared tu renominate and re-elect bim. too Performance And What President Taft and His Party Have Performed. OOO .. PERFORMANCE. Payne bill, reduction downward, tariff ' Board, maximum and minimum, veto ef bille whioh violated principle ef protec tion. Embodied In Payne tariff act. Report of currenoy eommleeien sub mitted and pending. Poetal banks in operation. Millions already deposited. Federal incorporation act recom mended, anti -trust law strictly enforced, corporation exciee tax, providing for publioity impoaed by Payne tariff act. 8tocka and bonds commission crsstsd. exhaustive report on subject submitted Employers' act submitted, law limit ing houre of employment enforced, compulsory compeneation ect pending, bureau of mines eetabliehod. Meaaure baaed on president's recom mendation pending, Anxona recall pre vision vetoed. Rural free delivery extended. Operatione of agricultural depart ment vastly enlarged. Strictly enforced. Sixteenth adopted by oongrese, eubmitting income tax amendment to the etatee. Bond issue for irrigetion projects, "pork barrel" method of river and har bor appropriations abolished, oompre heneive conservation policy adopted. Army reorganized, maneuvere that gave it mobility, two battleship pro gram euomitiea. China opened to Amerioan finance. Increased commerce with all the world. Peneion roll liberally maintained. Rueeian treaty abrogated because of discrimination againat American oitl lone. Laws obeyed to the letter and en forced, exteneione put In effeot and othere recommended. Bureau of health recommended, pure food laws enforced. New Mexico and Arizona admitted Arbitration treaties with Great Brit ain and France negotiated, ratified with amendments. Moasurs pending. Deeervee Another Term. Representative J. Hampton Moore, who Is well known lu many different sections of the country ou accouut of hut uctlve luUrest lu waterway lui provements. lu discussing the udtnliils tint ion of President Taft has this to say : "President Taft ought to be renoin hinted mid elected because be stands for nubility He should he nominated because It has been generally conceded by Itepiiblicaus since the Hist day he entered the ollh-e that the same treat nient would be iicconled blui with re Biect to a second term that is usually accorded to Itepilbllcan presidents who have done, well. There is no good party excuse for not nominating blui He should lie elected because, while not a political president lu the sense thut. he has played politics to the satis faction of all elements of his party, he bus lu fact bceu a broad gauge plea) dent, conservative iu nil matters af feeling the dignity of the office aud the obligations assumed by blui to sustain and uphold the constitution and the laws of this country." Taft's Efforta For Peace. Honesty of Intention, stability ot purpose and a firm faith In the prin clples of the party of Lincoln. Uraut ami McKinley are some of the chaise terlstics of President Taft. Familiar with the horrors of war, as well as the cuornioiis expense that It always entails, Independent of the vast ex peuillturea required to keep a great nation upon a constant war fooling, tbe president has erslatetitly sought to promote n worldwide peace of lia tiotis by International agreement. Any failure of accomplishment In further lug this worthy cause cannot be eh ra ni to the president. DELEGATES FOR TAFT. On Saturday, March 23, 1112. the number of delegates elected to the Republican national con vention pledged to President Taft were ee followe: Alabama 20 District of Columbia 2 Florida 12 Georgia 22 Indiana 4 Iowa I Michigan 4 Missouri f New Mexico 7 Oklahoma 4 Philjppinoe ;. 2 8outh Carolina 14 Tenneesee 14 Virginia 24 Total 143 Necessary for choice B3S Do You Patronize Your Home Paper?