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THE PIOCIIE RECORD
FrMir. February 21. 1919. IfJISIICE TERMS PLAI1 10 PUIilSH 0 Conflicting Thoughts ACCEPTED BYHUNS ALIEN SLACKERS GERMANS COMPLAIN AT ALLEGED SEVERITY, BUT SIGN JUST THE SAME. DRAFT EVADERS OF NEUTRAL COUNTRIES FACE LOSS OF FUTURE CITI2ENSEHIP. New Terms Expected to Avrt What Promised to B Critical Situations German Operations Against Pa land to Bo Restricted. Movement to Provide for Cancellation of Papers Under Way, Over 300 Ps. titions to Revoke Declarations .Being Filed in One District. JD ni ii i nn mi in i ii iM : I'aris. The German government, al though complaining of the alleged se verity of the terms, has accepted the allied terms for the extension of the armistice, according to an announce ment made by Marshal Foch to the su preme council on February 17. The signing took place at 6 o'clock Sunday evening on board Marshal s'och's private car at Treves. This averts what promised to be a rather critical situation, as It had been reported that the Germans might per sist In carrying out their Intimations of a refusal to sign. The new terms, while still withheld, are understood to restrict German op erations against Poland within certain fixed lines, thus removing the danger f a military clash, and at the same time opening access between, the Inte rior of Poland and the Baltic sea. The more Important results will take form shortly, when Marshal Foch re turns to Treves for submission of the details of the disarmament and demob ' Ulzatlon of the German forces, whlcn ar.e feeing formulated by the military, naval and economic advisers of F jch. Those aro of a nature amounting, tn fact, to a preliminary peace agree ment. , . Disarmament Is understood to in clude both the naval and military branches, and the naval authorities ex pect the ultimate naval terms will pro vide for the dismantling of the fortifi cations of Helgoland and the Kiel ca nal, the eonol being opened for com mercial navigation. While the blockade Is not raised by the present terms, yet It Is expected that the disarmament under later and ore complete terms will obviate the necessity of a further blockade and penult such economic and food -ellef as la determined upon. -- BUTTE STRIKE IS ENDED. Miners Vote to Return to Work After Nine-Day Vacation. Butte, Mont. The strike of miners as ended. Unofficially, it ended Mon day morning, when several thousand miners who had remained away from work for nine days presented them selves at the mines and asked for their Id Jobs. Officially, it ended late Mon day afternoon, when officers of the Butte Metal Miners' union (Independ ent) made public announcement that R had "called oft the strike tempo rarily, acting on the recommendation f the soldiers, sailors and workers council." - : TROOPS IN RUSSIA TO RETURN. Americans to Be Brought Horns as Soon as Weather Will Permit. Washington. American and allied troops operating In North Ilussla will be withdrawn "at the earliest possible moment that weather conditions In the spring will permit." To facilitate this movement and to Improve lines of com munication for the supplying of the forces that have penetrated Into, the couniry, President Wilson has ap proved the sending of two addltlonat compunles of American railway troops to Archangel. . Casualties In Coal Mines. ' ' Washington. Casualties In Ameri can c:il mines In 1918, reported to Secretary Lnne by the bureau of mines, Included 2575 men killed. "This Is the pennli;.' paid by one peaceful industry dorlni a year of war," said Secretary Lane. Aged Dominion Statesman Dies. Ottawa. Sir Wilfrid Lnurier, form er premier of Canuda, died of paralysis ere Monday afternoon. Born nt St. Lin, Quebec, In 1841, Sir Wilfred was the only French-Canadian who was ever premier of Canada, a portfolio he held from 1S96 to 1911. Taft Indorses Paris Covenant. . Portland'. Indorsement of the con stitution of the Leagne of Nations was given by William Howard Taft, former president of the United States, here Monday at the northwestern congress for a league of nations. Deport Alien Radicals. Washington. Aliens found advo cating destruction of property or the government by force will be deported under th provisions of the Immigra tion act of February 6, '1817. This an nouncement was made Monday ' by Secretary of Labor Wilson, Emperor Wants to Come to America. Geneva. The report from Innsbruck says former Emperor Charles of Aus tria Is prisoner In the castle outade Vienna, guarded by socialists. The re ports add Charles desires to emigrate to America with his family. Women Want Representation. Paris. The Interallied , women's council now has the assent of four of the five great powers to Its request for representation of women on all peace conference committees dealing With Interests of women and children. New York. Itet ween 50,000 and 100,- 000 aliens of neutral countries who had started the machinery to make Uiem citizens of the United States before this country entered the world war and who avoided being drafted Into the army by making affidavit thut they hud changed their intentions to renounce their native country, may be forever barred from becoming citizens as the result of country-wide action taken in the last week by ltlch ard K. Campbell, commissioner of nat uralization at Washington. The local result of Mr. Campbell's action was the preparation at the local United States naturalization bureau, at 3 Beekmnn street, of 300 petitions to revoke declarations of Intention filed In the local district, which includes all the federal judicial districts of New York, except the western district at Buffalo and also Includes Hudson coun ty, N. J. More than fitf of these ap plications were presented to' Supreme Court Justice Plntzek In New York county and were signed by him and are now on file. " The petitions presented by Chief Naturalization Examiner M. A. Sturges are all entitled "in the matter of the cancellation of the declaration of in tention." The names of the declarants involved In the cancel la t Inn applica tions are .sent to each local naturaliza tion district from the Washington of fice, which, under a section of the draft law, received them from draft boards throughout t,he country. This law re cited that persons making claims for exemption on the ground that they hnd filed only their first papers and did not Intend to proceed further, would have their first papers revoked and would be debarred from citizenship in the future. The draft boards were In structed to send to the naturalization bureau at Washington the names of all persons claiming such exemption, with an affidavit by the declarant to that effect and a copy of his first papers. PLA4 STEPS TO HALT 8TRIKE. Conference for Industrial Peace to Be Held in London.' London. A greut national confer ence for Industrial peace will be called to meet In London as quickly as pos sible by the Lloyd George government. It probably will be In session before March 1. Haste Is necessary because Great Britain Is threatened with a strike beginning March 15, and no gov ernment enn hope to remain in power which does not exhause every possible effort to prevent it , Rantzau Still Defiant. Weimar. Germany will not accept any peace that lies a hair's breadth outside President Wilson's fourteen points. Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau, the foreign minister, sajd In a speech Sunday. The count added the German army was demobilizing, but a new re publican army was being organized, and "it will stand us in good stead." C. W. HARE I ?mr vf ft A C. W. Hare, assistant director of munitions during the war, has been made director of sales for. the war de partment. Mr. Hare's assignment now Is to get rid of a great deal of material acquired In a great hurry and at large expense during the war. Northwest Radicals Arretted. Seattle. Fifty-three alleged radicals all of Industrial Workers of the World affiliation, now have been arrested by city, and county authorities as a result of the recent general strike since Thursday night. Japan's 'Greatest Actress 8ulcldes. " Toklo. A sensation was created here when It became known that Sumako. who hnd hoen Japan's greatest . actress," committed .a ai a. . uiwue on me mat aay or the New Tear holidays. ' '" ' : Mi3 LEAGUE OF HIS CONVENIIT SIGNED DOCUMENT SUBSCRIBED TO BY FOURTEEN GOVERNMENTS IS v PRAISED BY WILSON. Plan for League of Great Powers It Handed to Plenary Session of the ' Paris Peace Conference, Being ' Unanimously Accepted. Paris. President Wilson was the central figure of the plennry peace con ference on February 14, when he rend the covenant establishing a league of nations. There was added Interest in the ses sion as It was the last gathering of the delegate prior to the president i departure as well as being the occa sion of presenting the document with which his name was Identified. "I have very great pleasure," said President Wilson as he began, "In pre senting the. report of the commission which has framed the constitution of a league of nations. I am particularly happy to be able to say It Is a unani mous report, signed by the representa tives of all the powers on the committee." President Wilson spoke earnestly but without oratorical effect. "The best report I can make," the president continued, "Is to read the document itself." f ,'' - The reading continued for thirty- five minutes without Interruption or applause.- As he closed the president laid aside the document and spoke of what had .been accomplished. The de liberations of the commission had been most Instructive, and throughout the proceedings there was an undertone of enthusiasm in the great work being ac complished, he said. . , The results, said President .Wilson, embodied the Judgment of fourteen na tions represented on the commission, and these fourteen nations were a rep resentative group of the conference it self. "This Is a union of will In a common purpose," the president proceded. "It Is a union which cannot be resisted, nnd I dare say one which no nation will attempt to resist." The president pointed out that the document was no "straightjacket." It was elastic nnd not a vehicle of might, he said. . It was yet to be developed, and as yet care should be taken as to the clothes put on It. While elasl'lc, vet It was definite. "It Is definite," continued President Wilson, "as a guarantee against ag gression. It Is definite against a re newal of such a cataclysm as has Just shaken civilization." ' "There Is one especially notable fea ture In this document," he said. "We are done with annexations of helpless peoples, at times accomplished In the past for the purposes of exploiting these peoples.- In this document we recognize that these helpless commu nities are first to be helped and de veloped and that their own Interests and well being shall come before any material advantage to the mandatory Intrusted with their case." EXTRA 8ESSI0N SEEMS LIKELY. Congress Leaders Abandon Hope of Disposing of Mass of Legislation, Washington. The . sixty-fifth con gress has entered upon the final fort night of Its existence with hope of passing all of the almost unprecedent ed mass of pending legislation virtu ally abandoned by most leaders. Night sessions of the senate and house until March 4 have been ordered, but the belief Is growing that an early extra session of the new congress will be necessary. House lenders hope to have passed all urgent measures within ten days, Sharp Has Resigned. Washington. President Wilson has accepted the resignation of William Graves Sharp as ambassador to France, to take effect when a succes sor qualifies, It was announced here Friday. , ,,,'.? Republlo Is Restored. London, The people of Oporto, sup ported by republican forces, have re stored the republic In northern Porta gal, according to a Lisbon dispatch re ceived here Friday by the Portuguese legation. ANARCHISTS BFGU REIGN OF TERROR HOME OF BUTTE MINER WHO REFUSED TO JOIN 8TRIKERS IS BLOWN UP. Men Fear to Return to Work Because of Attitude of I. W. W. Soldiers Sent to Butte to Protect Citizens. Butte. Anarchy raised Its head in this city February 13, when the home of C. H. Nolan, a mluer who had been working at the St. Lawrence mine despite the strike of members of the Butte Metal Miners' union (independ ent) and of the Metal Mine Workers' Industrial union, No. 800, I. W. W was dynamited. No one in the Nolan household was Injured by the exploslou and only nominal damage was done to the dwelling. No clew as to who was responsible for the dynamiting has been uncover ed, but the officials are blaming it to the anarchistic element. Officials of the two organizations of miners who are on strike declared It was their belief that none of their members was responsible for the ex plosion. - There now are approximately , 800 soldiers tn Butte and with the excep tion of cases of Isolated assaults upon miners returning from work, both the police department and military report the situation well In hand. Picks Westerner for Paris Post Washington. President Wilson has nominated Hugh C. JVullace of Seattle ambassador to France to fill the va cancy caused by the resignation of William Graves Sharp. This was the first official act of the president on his homeward journey. Adult Delinquency Increases. Chicago. An increase of 21 ner rent in adult delinquency Is attributed to reaction from restrain imposed by war-time conditions and conseouent lowering of public morale In a report made public by the Juvenile court. Bomb Plot In Arizona. Douglas, Ariz, Alertness on th part of military police on February 13 probably saved the Douglus Y. M. C. A building from being blown up by n bomb filled with nitroglycerine. W. T. TYLER W. T. Tyler, who began railroad work as a messenger on the Wiscon sin Central In 1883, has jutt been ap pointed director of the division of op eratlon, United States railroad administration War Cost Fixed at 193 Billions. Washington. The total cost of the war to ull belligerents, Including the central powers, was placed at $193, 000,000,000' b;r Secretary Baker tn an address here nt the American Women's "victory dinner." . Must Di:lose Secret Treaties. London. -Earon Nobaukl, head of the Japanese delegation at the peace conference, hns been Instructed to dis close all. the unpublished treaties be tween China and Japan, says a neut er's dispatch from Toklo. Why Swift & Company Handle Pcdu7,Eggs,Butter and Cheese Swift ft Company went into the pro duce business because they saw a crying need for the kind of service they were equipped to perform. , , The produce business was in chaos. Collecting, transportation, preparation and distribution was hit or miss, with delay, deterioration and loss on eyery hand. - The farmer was at the mercy of an 'uncertain, localized market He had no way of reaching through to the . people who needed what he was raising for them. There was no prem ium upon improving his stocks, for grading was. lax or lacking. The consumer had to accept produce that, as a rule, had no known respon sible name behind it. He had po way of knowing how long the eggs or the butter he was buying had been lying around in miscellaneous lots in the back room of a country store. Much of the poultry was not properly refrigerated before shipment or properly protected by refrigeration in transit. . Swift & Coppany's initiative brought system to this chaos. Their organiza tion, equipment, , and experience in handling perishable food products were -already adjusted to the task. Their refrigerator cars, branch houses, cen tral points, far-reaching' Connections, 1 trained sales force, supplied just what was demanded. Now the farmer has a daily cash market in touch with the nation's needs with better prices. Standardi zation makes better produce more profitable. More consumers are served with better, fresher, finer foodstufis. Nothing suffers from this save inefficiency, which has no claim upon, public support. - Swift & Company, U.S.A. Optlmlstlo Thought. Riches are well If gotten well and well spent. Optimistic Thought Gold, however abundant, cannot ren der a person truly rich. MISS FRANCES PERKINS n W kV.' ?' c 7VN i Western Newspaper Union $3 Miss Frances Perkins, who in private lift Is Mrs. Paul Wilson, wife of the secretary to the late Mayor Mitchel, has been named by Governor Smith of New York as state Industrial com misaloner at a salary of $8,000 a year the highest salaried Job any woman has held under the atats government Miss Perkins has been, instrumental In the enactment of many labor reform measures. . Log 20,000 Years Old. Not so long ago a workman, 81 feet below the surface of Broadway, near Pine street, In New York city, found a piece of cedar wood that certainly presented a remarkable discovery. The wood was uncovered In excavating for the foundation of a big office building. It was a part of the trunk of a large cedar tree that grew at least 10.000 years ago, and more probably 20,000 years agol The wood was within a foot of bed rock, and It was covered with 80 feet of bowlder clay and glacial drift, which showed that the tree from which It came must tave flourished before the last great agp of Ice. .' The Fragrant Weed. The use of tobacco was first discov ered in America when Columbus, in 1492, sent his first party to explore the Island of Cuba. , It was first ob served that these herbs were burned and carried by the natives to perfume themselves. It was later discovered that these herbs were also used for chewing, and later as America was opened up and explored, It was observ ed that they were smoked In large quantities. Things Evened Up. ' Bobble walks home from klndergnr ten :wlth a little neighbor girl who goes to public school. He calls her his sweetheart. So the other day his big brother said to Bobble: "Oh. Boh, she's too big to be your sweetheart." But Bobble met the proposition thust "Her head's higher than mine, but her feet aln'f." , , " - ". Its Class. "Ho you happen to have an X about your t . - "My dear fellow, that Hg an unknown quantity with me."