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THE PIOCIIE RECORD
MOUNTAIN PEACE CONFERENCE APPROVES LEAGUE OF NATIONS Delegate From Utah, Idaho and Wyoming Back of Plan for World Peace. Former President Taft and Other ; Speaker of International Fame Address Mountain Congress of League to Enforce Peace. Salt I.ake City. The Mountain congress of the League to Knforce Peace, held In this city February 21 and 22, brought together probably the greatest galaxy of celebrities the poo pie of the intennountaln section have had the pleasure of entertaining In the past decade. ; Representative citizens from every section of the Intennountaln country had Journeyed. to Salt Lake to take J? - ' WILLUM H. TAFT part in the conference, and to listen to addresses by speakers of International fame. Similar meeting have been held In eight other of the larger cities of the country, which have been addressed by former President William Howard Taft and other distinguished citizens of the United States, but none of the meetings were more enthusiastic than those held at Salt Lake. Mr. Toft formed the league to en- -. force peace In 1914, and Is president of the league. He sees no good rea Importance to the whole world should -'be made the football of partisan poli tics, and he does not believe that those who do not agree with President Wil son are justified in advocating the de feat of the covenant which holds out the hope of peace. Mr. Taft was, of course, the prlncl- " pal speaker at the conference, some of the speakers of national fame who addressed the congress being A. Law rence Lowell," president of Harvard university ; George Grafton Wilson professor of International law at Har vard ; Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former minister to ' The Netherlands; Mrs, Phillip North Moore, President of the National Council of Women; Henry Morgenthnu, -former ; ambassador to Turkey; Dr. Charles R. Brown, Yale university ; Edward A. Fllene, director chamber of commerce, U. S. A.; Cap tain Thomas Chamberlain. Frank P. Walsh, former joint .chair man of the war labor board, was de- : talned In San Francisco pnd was there fore unable to address the congress. . Former Governor John C. Cutler pre sided at the opening session of the congress at the tabernacle, which was pneked to the doors. Among the prom inent Utabns on the program were former Governor William Spry, Presi dent Heber J. Grant, head of the . Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ; Rev. George E. Davles, pastor h of the First .Presbyterian church; Dr. '. J. A. Widtsoe, president of, the Uulvert V Blty of Utah B." Hi "Roberta, former chaplain of the 145th fleld artillery ; J. Will Knight, member of the state senate ; Professor Levi Edgar Young of : the University of Utah, and A. E. Har- r- vey, secretary of the Utah State Fed ; eratlon of Labor. At the opening session of the con gress at the tabernacle, Friday eve- . nine. Dr. Henry Van . Dyke, former minister, to , The Netherlands, author, ' scholar and more lately chaplain and lieutenant commander In the United States navy,-voiced vigorous approval of the proposed league of nations as espoused by President Wilson. Demands for reparation on the part of Germany wer expressed by lr. Van Dyke, who also expressed sentiments against further warfare on the part of the. nations. Dr. Van Dyke not only strenuously voiced approbation of President Wilson's participation in the Paris peace conference and his labors In behalf of the league of nations, hut he referred in a complimentary man ner to the part former President Taft is playing in efforts to promote the proposed league. He was most emphatic In tils decla ration that the league as proposed does not Interfere with this or any other country's domestic affairs. "I hope no silly ass keeps us out of the league of nations," declared Dr. Van Dvke In concluding his references to the op posing congressmen and others. Professor Grafton Wilson took occa sion to berate the senators who are opposing the proposed league of na tions, though none were mentioned by name. Professor Wilson, during the course of a most able address, pre sented arguments aiming to show con clusively that the Monroe doctrine was not endangered by the proposed league, and that the objections brought for ward by the opponents of the plan were untenable. Ex-Governor John C. Cutler, chair man of the Mountain congress for a league of nation! made a strong np peal for permanent peace and declared the league as fostered by President Wilson was the means to such an end. State Senator J. Will Knight, repre senting the associated industries of the Intennountaln country, pledged the support of that organization to the proposed -league. President John A. Widstoe of the University of Utah appealed for the lengue on behalf of the farmers of Utah and the other mountain states. Former President Taft was the guest of honor at a dinner given at the Hotel Utah Saturday, over 500 prominent citizens being present. Following the banquet, former Governor Cutler made a short address, being followed by Governor Bamberger, who introduced Mr. raft. " - The former president In opening his dinner speech referred laughingly to his "peculiar pleasure" In being in Utah, and of the support given him In 1012 by the state. He then told of his mission in Salt Lake and of the. ef forts he and the other speakers en tour in the interest of the proposed DR. HENRY VAN DYKE PRESIDENT GHMLEUGES CRITICS 10 TESI ADEUCU SEIITILIEHI Indicates in Hi Boston Ad dress Eagerness to Battle for League of Nations. Wilson Declares That Americans Who Would Have Their Country Fail The World Are Lacking In Broad Vision. VjTiftmsi " A, E. HARVEY I p' v - r O- HENRY MOttGENTHAU league of nations were making to edu cate the people regarding the cove nants of the union. - Dr. Henry . Van- Dyke, former min ister to the Netherlands, followed Mr, Taft with an address in which he de clared victory In the war must be made practical by a league of na tions. The two-day's session of the congress culminated in a mass meeting at the Tabernacle, Saturday night, presided over by President Heber J. Grant, and attended by over 10,000 people, at which former President Taft was the principal speaker. Mr. Taft deciured unequivocally In favor of the league of nations, and was strong In his dentin elation of the senators who have of fered opposition to the lengue. The former chief executive confined his address largely to an explanation of the various tenets of the proposal us drafted In Purls and to an expres slon of the results of the entrance of the United States as a member of the union of nations. He declared that 'the formation of the league meant "open diplomacy' with everything in International rela tions open and with, the "card fuce up upon Hie table." , Mr. Tuft closed his address with stirring appeal to the women to sup port the league of nations. Preceding Mr. i'nft, A. T3. Harvey secretary of the Utah State Federation of Labor, In an able address declared thnt there ought to be n voluntary union of nations, u lengue of nation to adjust disputes and difficulties and to facilitate the world's progress I accord with the highest ptlnclple. Following the address by former President Taft at the Tabernacle Sat unlay night, nine thousand delegates from Utuh, Idaho and Wyoming voted to adopt a resolution expressing their conviction that the League of Nations was the means of guaranteeing that peace, liberty and justice will be estab lished and muintalned on an enduring foundation. "We need to apply the principles of personal und domestic municipal and national morality more widely," de clared Deau Charles It. Brown of Yale University at the , Saturdny morning session In the Assembly hall. Other speakers at the morning session were Mrs. Pihillp North Moore, president of the National Council of Women of the United States, Professor Levi Edgar Young of the University of Utah and Brigham II. Roberts', chaplain of the 145th Utah field artillery. At the Saturday afternoon session' at the Tabernacle, Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell, president of the Harvard uni versity, presided. The other speakers were Captain Thomas G. Chamberlain, Henry Morgenthau, former United States ambassador to Turkey, and 'Ed ward A. Filene, director of the United States chamber of commerce. 'The . soldier fought to make., the orld safe for democracy, and he is going to fight to keep it safe," said Captain Chamberlain. Former Ambassador Morgenthau made a strong appeal for the support of the American people to -be placed squarely behind the league of nations plan. Answering critics of the league of nations plan, Dr. Lowell declared that no longer was it possible "for us to wrap ourselves ln a cloak of glorious Isolation. We cannot avoid our respon sibility as a great nation. Business men, Mr. Fllene said, realized the great need of a league of nations, and did not look upon It as nn Utopian thing. In their practical vis Ion, he said, they strongly favored the formation of such a league to maintain world security. Mrs. rliJllp North Moore, president of the National Council of Women, who was one of the speakers at the Mountain Congress, was the guest of honor at a luncheon Saturday, attended by representative women of Utah, Ida ho and Wyoming. . Preceding the luncheon, Dr. Charles R. Brown, dean of the School of Religion at Yale uni versity made a short address. Mrs'. Moore, In an address following the luncheon, told of the alms of the league and extolled the war work of the women of the nation. Mrs. Moore said It was her privilege to present the team work of the women of the country during the period of the war and that she knew they were ready to bear a larger share of respon sibility In the new readjustment of life and principles for which the league of nations stood. The celebration of Washington's birthday anniversary in Salt Lake will live In the annals of Spirit of Liberty chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. The members of the chap ter and their guests were accorded the privilege of hearing Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former minister to the Nether lands, In an address following a lunch eon at the Hotel Utah. Jill I ;, r ft Boston. President Woodrow Wil son, just back from Eunie. delivered an address in Mechanics' hall Monday afternoon, February 24. In which lie threw down the gauntlet to those who distrust the proiiosed concert of gov ernments, based, he declared, on the American Ideals which have won the war for justice and humanity, The complete text of the president's address follows: I wonder If yon are half as glad to see me as I am to see you? It warms my heart to see a great body of my fellow citizens again, because In some respects during the recent months I have been very lonely Indeed without your comradeship and counsel, and I tried at every Htep of the work which fell to me to recall what I was sure would be your counsel with regard to the great matters which were under' consideration. I do not want you . to think that I have not been appreciative of the ex traordinarily generous reception which was given to me on the other side, in saying that It makes me very happy to get home again. I do not mean to say that I was not very deeply touched by the cries that came from the great crowds on the other side. But I want to say to you in all honesty that I felt them to be a call of greeting to you rather than to me. I did not feel that the greeting was personal. I had in my heart the over crowding pride of being your repre sentative and of receiving the plaudits of men everywhere who feit that your hearts beat with theirs In the cause of liberty. There was no mistaking the tone in the voices of those great crowds. It was not a tone of mere greeting. It was not a tone of mere generous wel come; It was the calling of comrade to comrade, the cries that come from men who say: "We have waited for this day when the friends of liberty should conie across the sea and shake hands with us, to see that a new world was constructed upon a new basis and foundation of Justice and right." I can't tell you the Inspiration that came from the sentiments that came! out of those simple voices of the crowd. And the proudest thing I have to report to you is that this great country of ours Is trusted throughout the world. I have not come to report the pro ceedings or the results of the proceed ings of the peace conference; thnt would be premature. I can say thnt I have received -very happy Impressions from this confer ence; the impression tnat wnne mere are many differences of Judgment, while there are some divergences of object, there Is, nevertheless, a com mon spirit and a common realization of the necessity of setting up new standards of right In the world. . Not Masters, but Servants. Because the men who are lit con ference Irt Paris realize as keenly as any American can realize that they are not the masters of their people; that they are the Rervants of their people, and that the spirit of their peo ple has awakened to a new purpose and a new conception of their power to realize that purpose, and that no man dare go home from that confer ence and report anything less noble than was expected of It, The conference seems to you to go slowly; from day to day In Paris It seems to go slowly; but I wonder if vou realize the complexity of the task which It has undertaken? It seems as if the settlements of the war affect, and affect directly, every great, and I sometimes think every small, nation In the world, and no one decision can nrudently be made which is not prop erly linked in with the great series of other decisions which must accompany It. And It must be reckoned In with the final rcsuK If the real 'quality and character of that result Is to be pronerly Judged. What we are doing is to near me whole case: hear It from the mouths of the men most Interested; hear It from those who are officially commis sioned to state It; hear the rival claims: hear the claims that affect new areas of the world, that aitect new commercial and economic connec tions that have been established by the great world war through which we have gone. Claims of Nations Moderate. I have been struck by the moderate ness of those who have represented national claims. I can testify that have nowhere seen the gleam of pas sion. I have seen earnestness, I have seen tears come to the eyes of men ivho pleaded for down-trodden peopl whom they were privileged to speak for; but they were not the tears of anguish, they were the tears of ardent hone. And I don't see how any man can fall to have been subdued by these pleas subdued to this feeling, that he was not there to assert an Individual Judg ment of his own, but to try to assist the cause of humanity. In the midst of It all, every interest seeks out first of all when It reaches Paris the representatives of the Unit ed States. Why? Because, and think I am stating the most wonder ful fact In history because there Is no nation In Europe that suspects the motive of the United States. Hard to Forget Differences. It Is Impossible for men to believe that all ambitions have ail of a sud- tueniher rights that It was attempted to extort; they remeurfier political am bitious, which it was attempted to real ise and. while they believe Hint men have rome Into a different temper, they cannot forget thee things, and so the do not report to one another for a dispassionate view of the unit tern in controversy." They report to that nation whU-h has won the envi able distinction of being retarded us the friend of mankii'd. Whenever It was desired to send a small force of soldier to occupy a piece of territory where It Is though'. nobody t-Ue will be welcome, they ask for American Koldiers. And . where other soldiers would be looked upon with suspicion und perhaps meet will resistance, the American soldtvr Is welcomed with acclaim. I have so many grounds for pride on the other side of the water 'lat I am very thank ful that they are not grounds for per sonal pride. And It has been an Infinite pleasure to ine to see those gallant soldiers of ours, of whom the constitution of the United States made me the proud com mander. You may bo proud of the Twenty-sixth division.-hut I command the Twenty-sixth division, and see what they did under my direction t And everybody praises the American sol dier with the feeling that In praising him he Is subtracting from the credit of no one eles. America Acted Her Ideals. I have been searching for the fun damental fact that converted Europe to believe In us. Before the war Eu rope did not believe In us as she does now. She (lid not believe in us throughout the first three years of the war. She seems really to have be lieved thut we were bedding oft be cause we thought we could make more by staying out than by going in. And, all of u sudden, in a short eighteen months, the whole verdict Is reverses. There can be but one explanation for It. They saw what we did that with out making u single claim, we put all our men and all our means at the dis posal of those who were fighting for their homes, In the first Instance, but for u cause, the cause of human rights and Justice, and thnt we went in, not to support their national claims, but to support the great cause which they held In common And when they saw that America not only held Ideals, but acted ideals, they were converted to America and became firm partisans of those Ideals. Fighting for Lives and Country. Men were fighting with tense muscle and lowered head until they came to realize those things, feeling they were fighting for their lives and their' coun try, and when these accents of what It as all about reached them from America they lifted their heads, they raised their eyes to heaven, when they saw men In khaki 'coming across the sea In the spirit of crusaders, and they found that these were strange men, reckless of danger not only, but rec- less because they seemed to see some thing that made that danger worth while. Men have testified to me In Europe that our men were possessed by some thing that they could only call a reli gious ferver. They were not like any of the other soldiers. They hud a slon, they had a dream, and they were fighting In the dream, und, flglv ins in the drenm, they turned the whole tide of battle and It never came bacU. And now do you realize thnt this confidence we have established throughout the world Imposes a bur- en upon us if you choose to call it burden? It Is one of those burdens iiitii any nation ought to be proud to carry. Any man who resists the present tides that run In the world will find himself thrown upon a shore so high and barren that It will seem as If he hud been separated from his hu man kind forever. ' Europe Continent of Hope. The Europe that I left the other day was full of something that It had never felt fill Its heart so full before. It was full of hope. The Europe of the second yenr of the' war, the Europe of lie third year of the war was sinking to a sort of st .bhorn desperation. They did not see any great thing to he achieved even when the war should e won. They hoped there would be some salvage; they hoped that they could clear their territories of invading ar mies; they hoped they could set up their homes and start their Industries afresh. But they thought It would simply be the resumption of the old life that Europe bad led led in fear, led in anxiety, led in constant suspr lious watchfulness. They never dreamed that it would be a Europe of settled peace and of justified hope. And now these ideuls have wrought this new magic, that all the peoples or Europe are buoyed up and confident In the spirit of hope, because they be lieve that we are at the eve of a new age In the world, when nations will understand one another, when nations will support one another In every Jusr cause, when nations will unite every moral and every physical strength to see Hint the right shall prevail. We Must Not Fail the World. If America were at this juncture to fail the world, what would come of It? do not mean any disrespect to nny other great people when I say that America Is the hope of the world ; und If she does not Justify that hope the results are unthinkable. Men will he thrown back upon the bitterness of disappointment not only, but the bit terness of despair. . All nations will he aJIU-s. uKu which Vrrtinc ant . Benjamin Franklin wrote their name, I nothing but a modern scrap of paper, I no uatlons united to defend it. no greet fnriSM w.nit.ln.Mi a m.1.. I. . ul .... - ..... u .... .. . u ....... . .n.l, ... V iwurance given to the down-trodden ' and fearful eopl of the world, that , they shall be safe. Any man who thinks that America will take part In giving the world any ituch rebuff and dlsapMlnimeit as that does not know America. Invited to Test Sentiment. I Invite hint to test the sentiments of the nutlou. We el this up to make men tree and we did not copnne our conception and pun,Mse to America, and now we will make men free. If we did not do thut the fame of Ameri ca would be gone, and all her powers would be dissipated. She then would have to ke-p her jtower for those nar row, selfish, provincial panoses which seem so dear to mime minds that have no sweep beyond the nearest horizon. I should welcome no sweeter chnlleuge than that. I have light In blood tn me und It is sometimes a delight to let it have scope, but if it Is a challenge on this occasion it will be an Indul gence. Think of the picture: think of the utter blackness that would fall on the world I America has fulled I America nude a little essay at gener osity and then withdrew! America said: "We are your friends," but it was only for today, not for tomorrow. America said : "Here is our power to vindicate right," and then the next day snid : "Let right take care of itself and . we will tuke care of ourselves." Amer ica suld: "We set up a light to lead men along the paths of liberty, but we have lowered It. It Is Intended only to light, our own path." We set up a great Ideal of liberty and then we suld : "Liberty is a thing that you must win for yourself. Do not call upon us," and think of the world that we would leave ! New Nations Must Be Shielded. Do you realize how many new na tions are going to be set up in the presence of old and powerful nations in Europe und left there, if left by us, without a disinterested friend? Do you believe in the Polish cause as I do? Are you going to set up Poland, Immature, inexperienced, as yet unor ganized, und leave her with a circle of armies around her? Do you believe in the aspirations of the Czecho-Sto-vaks and the Jugo-Sluvs as I do? Do you know how many powers would be quick to pounce upon them If there were not the guarantees of the world behind their liberty? The arrangements of the present peace cannot stand a generation unless they are guaranteed by the united forces of the civilized world. And If we do not guarantee tr?m, can you not see the picture? Your hearts have in structed you where the burden of this war fell. It did not fall upon the na tional treasuries; it did not fall upon the instruments of administration; It did not fall upon the resources of. the nations. It fell upon the , victims' homes everywhere, where women were tolling In hope that their men would come back. ' '. , Has No Doubt of Verdict. When I think of the homes upon which, dull despair would settle were this great hope disappointed, I should wish for my part never to have hnd America play any part whatever In this attempt to emancipate the world. But I talk as If there were any ques tion. I have no more doubt of the verdict of America In this matter than I have doubt of the blood that is In me. ' And so, my fellow citizens, I have conio bnck to report progress, and I do not believe that the progress Is go ing to stop short of the goal. The nations of the world have set therr heads now to do a great thing, and they are not going to slacken their pur pose. And when I speak of tne nations of the world I do not speak of the governments of the world. I speak of the peoples who constitute the nations of the world. They are In the saddle and they are going to see to It that If their present governments do not do their will, some other governments Rhall. And the secret Is out and the present governments know It. Harmony Out Common Knowledge. There Is a great deal of harmony to be got out of common knowledge. There Is a great deal of sympathy ro he got out of living in the sumo atmos phere and, except for the differences of languages, which puzzled my American ear very sadly, I could have believeu I was at home In France or In Italy or In England when I was on the streets, when I was In the presence of the crowds, when I was In great hnlis where men were gathered together Ir respective of class. I did not feel quite as much at home there as I do here, but I felt that now, at any rate, after this storm of war had cleared the air, men were seeing eye to eye every where and that these were the kind of folks who would understand what the kind of folks at home would under stand and that they were thinking the same things. Trying to Interpret America. It Is n great comfort, for one thing, to realize that you all undertsnnd the language I am speaking. A friend of -mine said thnt to talk through an In terpreter was like witnessing the com pound fracture of an Idea. But the beauty of It Is thut, whatever the Im pediments, the channel of communica tion, the Idea is the snme ; that It gets registered, and It gets registered In responsive hearts and receptive pur poses. I have come back for a strenuous utteinpt. to transact business for a lit tle while In America, but I have really come back to say to you, In all sober ness and honesty, that I have been trying my best to speak your thoughts. When I Kumple myself, I think I find that 1 am a typical American, and if I sample deep enough and got down to MRS. PHILIP NORTH MOORE. den been foregone. They remember J territory that - was coveted l; they jre-1 written upon the historic table at Vejr- set up as hostile camps again ; the men nt the peace conference will go what Js probably the true stuff of a home with their bends upon their j man, then I have hope thnt It Is part breasts, knowing thnt they hnve failed for they were bidden not to coine home from there until they did some thing more than sign a treaty of peace. Suppose we sign the treaty of peace and that It Is the most satisfactory treaty of peace that the confusing ele ments of the modern world will afford, and go home and think about our la- bora ; we will know that we have left of the stuff that Is like the other fel low's at home. And, therefore, probing deep In my heurt and trying to see the things thnt are right, without regard to the things that may be debated as expedient, I feel that I am interpreting the purpose and the thought of America; and in loving America I find I have Joined the great majority of my fellow . men throughout the world.