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The Pioche record. [volume] (Pioche, Nev.) 1908-1925, February 28, 1919, Image 3

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THE PIOCIIE RECORD
MOUNTAIN PEACE CONFERENCE
APPROVES LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Delegate From Utah, Idaho
and Wyoming Back of
Plan for World Peace.
Former President Taft and Other
; Speaker of International Fame
Address Mountain Congress of
League to Enforce Peace.
Salt I.ake City. The Mountain
congress of the League to Knforce
Peace, held In this city February 21
and 22, brought together probably the
greatest galaxy of celebrities the poo
pie of the intennountaln section have
had the pleasure of entertaining In
the past decade.
; Representative citizens from every
section of the Intennountaln country
had Journeyed. to Salt Lake to take
J? - '
WILLUM H. TAFT
part in the conference, and to listen to
addresses by speakers of International
fame.
Similar meeting have been held In
eight other of the larger cities of the
country, which have been addressed by
former President William Howard
Taft and other distinguished citizens
of the United States, but none of the
meetings were more enthusiastic than
those held at Salt Lake.
Mr. Toft formed the league to en-
-. force peace In 1914, and Is president
of the league. He sees no good rea
Importance to the whole world should
-'be made the football of partisan poli
tics, and he does not believe that those
who do not agree with President Wil
son are justified in advocating the de
feat of the covenant which holds out
the hope of peace.
Mr. Taft was, of course, the prlncl-
" pal speaker at the conference, some
of the speakers of national fame who
addressed the congress being A. Law
rence Lowell," president of Harvard
university ; George Grafton Wilson
professor of International law at Har
vard ; Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former
minister to ' The Netherlands; Mrs,
Phillip North Moore, President of the
National Council of Women; Henry
Morgenthnu, -former ; ambassador to
Turkey; Dr. Charles R. Brown, Yale
university ; Edward A. Fllene, director
chamber of commerce, U. S. A.; Cap
tain Thomas Chamberlain.
Frank P. Walsh, former joint .chair
man of the war labor board, was de-
: talned In San Francisco pnd was there
fore unable to address the congress.
. Former Governor John C. Cutler pre
sided at the opening session of the
congress at the tabernacle, which was
pneked to the doors. Among the prom
inent Utabns on the program were
former Governor William Spry, Presi
dent Heber J. Grant, head of the
. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints ; Rev. George E. Davles, pastor
h of the First .Presbyterian church; Dr.
'. J. A. Widtsoe, president of, the Uulvert
V Blty of Utah B." Hi "Roberta, former
chaplain of the 145th fleld artillery ;
J. Will Knight, member of the state
senate ; Professor Levi Edgar Young of
: the University of Utah, and A. E. Har-
r- vey, secretary of the Utah State Fed
; eratlon of Labor.
At the opening session of the con
gress at the tabernacle, Friday eve-
. nine. Dr. Henry Van . Dyke, former
minister, to , The Netherlands, author,
' scholar and more lately chaplain and
lieutenant commander In the United
States navy,-voiced vigorous approval
of the proposed league of nations as
espoused by President Wilson.
Demands for reparation on the part
of Germany wer expressed by lr. Van
Dyke, who also expressed sentiments
against further warfare on the part of
the. nations. Dr. Van Dyke not only
strenuously voiced approbation of
President Wilson's participation in the
Paris peace conference and his labors
In behalf of the league of nations, hut
he referred in a complimentary man
ner to the part former President Taft
is playing in efforts to promote the
proposed league.
He was most emphatic In tils decla
ration that the league as proposed does
not Interfere with this or any other
country's domestic affairs. "I hope no
silly ass keeps us out of the league of
nations," declared Dr. Van Dvke In
concluding his references to the op
posing congressmen and others.
Professor Grafton Wilson took occa
sion to berate the senators who are
opposing the proposed league of na
tions, though none were mentioned by
name. Professor Wilson, during the
course of a most able address, pre
sented arguments aiming to show con
clusively that the Monroe doctrine was
not endangered by the proposed league,
and that the objections brought for
ward by the opponents of the plan
were untenable.
Ex-Governor John C. Cutler, chair
man of the Mountain congress for a
league of nation! made a strong np
peal for permanent peace and declared
the league as fostered by President
Wilson was the means to such an end.
State Senator J. Will Knight, repre
senting the associated industries of
the Intennountaln country, pledged the
support of that organization to the
proposed -league.
President John A. Widstoe of the
University of Utah appealed for the
lengue on behalf of the farmers of
Utah and the other mountain states.
Former President Taft was the guest
of honor at a dinner given at the Hotel
Utah Saturday, over 500 prominent
citizens being present. Following the
banquet, former Governor Cutler made
a short address, being followed by
Governor Bamberger, who introduced
Mr. raft. " -
The former president In opening his
dinner speech referred laughingly to
his "peculiar pleasure" In being in
Utah, and of the support given him In
1012 by the state. He then told of his
mission in Salt Lake and of the. ef
forts he and the other speakers en
tour in the interest of the proposed
DR. HENRY VAN DYKE
PRESIDENT GHMLEUGES CRITICS
10 TESI ADEUCU SEIITILIEHI
Indicates in Hi Boston Ad
dress Eagerness to Battle
for League of Nations.
Wilson Declares That Americans Who
Would Have Their Country Fail
The World Are Lacking In
Broad Vision.
VjTiftmsi "
A, E. HARVEY
I p' v -
r O-
HENRY MOttGENTHAU
league of nations were making to edu
cate the people regarding the cove
nants of the union. -
Dr. Henry . Van- Dyke, former min
ister to the Netherlands, followed Mr,
Taft with an address in which he de
clared victory In the war must be
made practical by a league of na
tions.
The two-day's session of the congress
culminated in a mass meeting at the
Tabernacle, Saturday night, presided
over by President Heber J. Grant, and
attended by over 10,000 people, at
which former President Taft was the
principal speaker. Mr. Taft deciured
unequivocally In favor of the league of
nations, and was strong In his dentin
elation of the senators who have of
fered opposition to the lengue.
The former chief executive confined
his address largely to an explanation
of the various tenets of the proposal
us drafted In Purls and to an expres
slon of the results of the entrance of
the United States as a member of the
union of nations.
He declared that 'the formation of
the league meant "open diplomacy'
with everything in International rela
tions open and with, the "card fuce
up upon Hie table."
, Mr. Tuft closed his address with
stirring appeal to the women to sup
port the league of nations.
Preceding Mr. i'nft, A. T3. Harvey
secretary of the Utah State Federation
of Labor, In an able address declared
thnt there ought to be n voluntary
union of nations, u lengue of nation
to adjust disputes and difficulties and
to facilitate the world's progress I
accord with the highest ptlnclple.
Following the address by former
President Taft at the Tabernacle Sat
unlay night, nine thousand delegates
from Utuh, Idaho and Wyoming voted
to adopt a resolution expressing their
conviction that the League of Nations
was the means of guaranteeing that
peace, liberty and justice will be estab
lished and muintalned on an enduring
foundation.
"We need to apply the principles of
personal und domestic municipal and
national morality more widely," de
clared Deau Charles It. Brown of Yale
University at the , Saturdny morning
session In the Assembly hall. Other
speakers at the morning session were
Mrs. Pihillp North Moore, president of
the National Council of Women of the
United States, Professor Levi Edgar
Young of the University of Utah and
Brigham II. Roberts', chaplain of the
145th Utah field artillery.
At the Saturday afternoon session'
at the Tabernacle, Dr. A. Lawrence
Lowell, president of the Harvard uni
versity, presided. The other speakers
were Captain Thomas G. Chamberlain,
Henry Morgenthau, former United
States ambassador to Turkey, and 'Ed
ward A. Filene, director of the United
States chamber of commerce.
'The . soldier fought to make., the
orld safe for democracy, and he is
going to fight to keep it safe," said
Captain Chamberlain.
Former Ambassador Morgenthau
made a strong appeal for the support
of the American people to -be placed
squarely behind the league of nations
plan.
Answering critics of the league of
nations plan, Dr. Lowell declared that
no longer was it possible "for us to
wrap ourselves ln a cloak of glorious
Isolation. We cannot avoid our respon
sibility as a great nation.
Business men, Mr. Fllene said,
realized the great need of a league of
nations, and did not look upon It as nn
Utopian thing. In their practical vis
Ion, he said, they strongly favored the
formation of such a league to maintain
world security.
Mrs. rliJllp North Moore, president
of the National Council of Women,
who was one of the speakers at the
Mountain Congress, was the guest of
honor at a luncheon Saturday, attended
by representative women of Utah, Ida
ho and Wyoming. . Preceding the
luncheon, Dr. Charles R. Brown, dean
of the School of Religion at Yale uni
versity made a short address. Mrs'.
Moore, In an address following the
luncheon, told of the alms of the
league and extolled the war work of
the women of the nation.
Mrs. Moore said It was her privilege
to present the team work of the women
of the country during the period of the
war and that she knew they were
ready to bear a larger share of respon
sibility In the new readjustment of
life and principles for which the league
of nations stood.
The celebration of Washington's
birthday anniversary in Salt Lake will
live In the annals of Spirit of Liberty
chapter, Daughters of the American
Revolution. The members of the chap
ter and their guests were accorded the
privilege of hearing Dr. Henry Van
Dyke, former minister to the Nether
lands, In an address following a lunch
eon at the Hotel Utah.
Jill
I ;,
r
ft
Boston. President Woodrow Wil
son, just back from Eunie. delivered
an address in Mechanics' hall Monday
afternoon, February 24. In which lie
threw down the gauntlet to those who
distrust the proiiosed concert of gov
ernments, based, he declared, on the
American Ideals which have won the
war for justice and humanity,
The complete text of the president's
address follows:
I wonder If yon are half as glad to
see me as I am to see you? It warms
my heart to see a great body of my
fellow citizens again, because In some
respects during the recent months I
have been very lonely Indeed without
your comradeship and counsel, and I
tried at every Htep of the work which
fell to me to recall what I was sure
would be your counsel with regard to
the great matters which were under'
consideration.
I do not want you . to think that I
have not been appreciative of the ex
traordinarily generous reception which
was given to me on the other side, in
saying that It makes me very happy
to get home again. I do not mean to
say that I was not very deeply touched
by the cries that came from the great
crowds on the other side. But I want
to say to you in all honesty that I felt
them to be a call of greeting to you
rather than to me.
I did not feel that the greeting was
personal. I had in my heart the over
crowding pride of being your repre
sentative and of receiving the plaudits
of men everywhere who feit that your
hearts beat with theirs In the cause of
liberty.
There was no mistaking the tone in
the voices of those great crowds. It
was not a tone of mere greeting. It
was not a tone of mere generous wel
come; It was the calling of comrade to
comrade, the cries that come from men
who say: "We have waited for this
day when the friends of liberty should
conie across the sea and shake hands
with us, to see that a new world was
constructed upon a new basis and
foundation of Justice and right."
I can't tell you the Inspiration that
came from the sentiments that came!
out of those simple voices of the
crowd. And the proudest thing I have
to report to you is that this great
country of ours Is trusted throughout
the world.
I have not come to report the pro
ceedings or the results of the proceed
ings of the peace conference; thnt
would be premature.
I can say thnt I have received -very
happy Impressions from this confer
ence; the impression tnat wnne mere
are many differences of Judgment,
while there are some divergences of
object, there Is, nevertheless, a com
mon spirit and a common realization
of the necessity of setting up new
standards of right In the world.
. Not Masters, but Servants.
Because the men who are lit con
ference Irt Paris realize as keenly as
any American can realize that they
are not the masters of their people;
that they are the Rervants of their
people, and that the spirit of their peo
ple has awakened to a new purpose
and a new conception of their power
to realize that purpose, and that no
man dare go home from that confer
ence and report anything less noble
than was expected of It,
The conference seems to you to go
slowly; from day to day In Paris It
seems to go slowly; but I wonder if
vou realize the complexity of the task
which It has undertaken? It seems as
if the settlements of the war affect,
and affect directly, every great, and I
sometimes think every small, nation In
the world, and no one decision can
nrudently be made which is not prop
erly linked in with the great series of
other decisions which must accompany
It. And It must be reckoned In with
the final rcsuK If the real 'quality
and character of that result Is to be
pronerly Judged.
What we are doing is to near me
whole case: hear It from the mouths
of the men most Interested; hear It
from those who are officially commis
sioned to state It; hear the rival
claims: hear the claims that affect
new areas of the world, that aitect
new commercial and economic connec
tions that have been established by
the great world war through which
we have gone.
Claims of Nations Moderate.
I have been struck by the moderate
ness of those who have represented
national claims. I can testify that
have nowhere seen the gleam of pas
sion. I have seen earnestness, I have
seen tears come to the eyes of men
ivho pleaded for down-trodden peopl
whom they were privileged to speak
for; but they were not the tears of
anguish, they were the tears of ardent
hone.
And I don't see how any man can fall
to have been subdued by these pleas
subdued to this feeling, that he was
not there to assert an Individual Judg
ment of his own, but to try to assist
the cause of humanity.
In the midst of It all, every interest
seeks out first of all when It reaches
Paris the representatives of the Unit
ed States. Why? Because, and
think I am stating the most wonder
ful fact In history because there Is
no nation In Europe that suspects the
motive of the United States.
Hard to Forget Differences.
It Is Impossible for men to believe
that all ambitions have ail of a sud-
tueniher rights that It was attempted
to extort; they remeurfier political am
bitious, which it was attempted to real
ise and. while they believe Hint men
have rome Into a different temper,
they cannot forget thee things, and
so the do not report to one another
for a dispassionate view of the unit
tern in controversy." They report to
that nation whU-h has won the envi
able distinction of being retarded us
the friend of mankii'd.
Whenever It was desired to send a
small force of soldier to occupy a
piece of territory where It Is though'.
nobody t-Ue will be welcome, they ask
for American Koldiers. And . where
other soldiers would be looked upon
with suspicion und perhaps meet will
resistance, the American soldtvr Is
welcomed with acclaim. I have so
many grounds for pride on the other
side of the water 'lat I am very thank
ful that they are not grounds for per
sonal pride.
And It has been an Infinite pleasure
to ine to see those gallant soldiers of
ours, of whom the constitution of the
United States made me the proud com
mander. You may bo proud of the
Twenty-sixth division.-hut I command
the Twenty-sixth division, and see
what they did under my direction t And
everybody praises the American sol
dier with the feeling that In praising
him he Is subtracting from the credit
of no one eles.
America Acted Her Ideals.
I have been searching for the fun
damental fact that converted Europe
to believe In us. Before the war Eu
rope did not believe In us as she does
now. She (lid not believe in us
throughout the first three years of the
war. She seems really to have be
lieved thut we were bedding oft be
cause we thought we could make more
by staying out than by going in. And,
all of u sudden, in a short eighteen
months, the whole verdict Is reverses.
There can be but one explanation for
It. They saw what we did that with
out making u single claim, we put all
our men and all our means at the dis
posal of those who were fighting for
their homes, In the first Instance, but
for u cause, the cause of human rights
and Justice, and thnt we went in, not
to support their national claims, but
to support the great cause which they
held In common
And when they saw that America
not only held Ideals, but acted ideals,
they were converted to America and
became firm partisans of those Ideals.
Fighting for Lives and Country.
Men were fighting with tense muscle
and lowered head until they came to
realize those things, feeling they were
fighting for their lives and their' coun
try, and when these accents of what It
as all about reached them from
America they lifted their heads, they
raised their eyes to heaven, when they
saw men In khaki 'coming across the
sea In the spirit of crusaders, and they
found that these were strange men,
reckless of danger not only, but rec-
less because they seemed to see some
thing that made that danger worth
while.
Men have testified to me In Europe
that our men were possessed by some
thing that they could only call a reli
gious ferver. They were not like any
of the other soldiers. They hud a
slon, they had a dream, and they
were fighting In the dream, und, flglv
ins in the drenm, they turned the
whole tide of battle and It never came
bacU.
And now do you realize thnt this
confidence we have established
throughout the world Imposes a bur-
en upon us if you choose to call it
burden? It Is one of those burdens
iiitii any nation ought to be proud
to carry. Any man who resists the
present tides that run In the world
will find himself thrown upon a shore
so high and barren that It will seem as
If he hud been separated from his hu
man kind forever. '
Europe Continent of Hope.
The Europe that I left the other day
was full of something that It had never
felt fill Its heart so full before. It
was full of hope. The Europe of the
second yenr of the' war, the Europe of
lie third year of the war was sinking
to a sort of st .bhorn desperation. They
did not see any great thing to he
achieved even when the war should e
won. They hoped there would be some
salvage; they hoped that they could
clear their territories of invading ar
mies; they hoped they could set up
their homes and start their Industries
afresh. But they thought It would
simply be the resumption of the old
life that Europe bad led led in fear,
led in anxiety, led in constant suspr
lious watchfulness. They never
dreamed that it would be a Europe of
settled peace and of justified hope.
And now these ideuls have wrought
this new magic, that all the peoples or
Europe are buoyed up and confident In
the spirit of hope, because they be
lieve that we are at the eve of a new
age In the world, when nations will
understand one another, when nations
will support one another In every Jusr
cause, when nations will unite every
moral and every physical strength to
see Hint the right shall prevail.
We Must Not Fail the World.
If America were at this juncture to
fail the world, what would come of It?
do not mean any disrespect to nny
other great people when I say that
America Is the hope of the world ; und
If she does not Justify that hope the
results are unthinkable. Men will he
thrown back upon the bitterness of
disappointment not only, but the bit
terness of despair. . All nations will he
aJIU-s. uKu which Vrrtinc ant
. Benjamin Franklin wrote their name,
I nothing but a modern scrap of paper,
I no uatlons united to defend it. no greet
fnriSM w.nit.ln.Mi a m.1.. I. . ul ....
- ..... u .... .. . u ....... . .n.l, ... V
iwurance given to the down-trodden
' and fearful eopl of the world, that
, they shall be safe. Any man who
thinks that America will take part In
giving the world any ituch rebuff and
dlsapMlnimeit as that does not know
America.
Invited to Test Sentiment.
I Invite hint to test the sentiments
of the nutlou. We el this up to make
men tree and we did not copnne our
conception and pun,Mse to America,
and now we will make men free. If
we did not do thut the fame of Ameri
ca would be gone, and all her powers
would be dissipated. She then would
have to ke-p her jtower for those nar
row, selfish, provincial panoses which
seem so dear to mime minds that have
no sweep beyond the nearest horizon.
I should welcome no sweeter chnlleuge
than that. I have light In blood tn
me und It is sometimes a delight to let
it have scope, but if it Is a challenge
on this occasion it will be an Indul
gence. Think of the picture: think
of the utter blackness that would fall
on the world I America has fulled I
America nude a little essay at gener
osity and then withdrew! America
said: "We are your friends," but it
was only for today, not for tomorrow.
America said : "Here is our power to
vindicate right," and then the next day
snid : "Let right take care of itself and .
we will tuke care of ourselves." Amer
ica suld: "We set up a light to lead
men along the paths of liberty, but
we have lowered It. It Is Intended
only to light, our own path." We set
up a great Ideal of liberty and then
we suld : "Liberty is a thing that you
must win for yourself. Do not call
upon us," and think of the world that
we would leave !
New Nations Must Be Shielded.
Do you realize how many new na
tions are going to be set up in the
presence of old and powerful nations
in Europe und left there, if left by us,
without a disinterested friend? Do
you believe in the Polish cause as I
do? Are you going to set up Poland,
Immature, inexperienced, as yet unor
ganized, und leave her with a circle
of armies around her? Do you believe
in the aspirations of the Czecho-Sto-vaks
and the Jugo-Sluvs as I do? Do
you know how many powers would be
quick to pounce upon them If there
were not the guarantees of the world
behind their liberty?
The arrangements of the present
peace cannot stand a generation unless
they are guaranteed by the united
forces of the civilized world. And If
we do not guarantee tr?m, can you not
see the picture? Your hearts have in
structed you where the burden of this
war fell. It did not fall upon the na
tional treasuries; it did not fall upon
the instruments of administration; It
did not fall upon the resources of. the
nations. It fell upon the , victims'
homes everywhere, where women were
tolling In hope that their men would
come back. ' '. ,
Has No Doubt of Verdict.
When I think of the homes upon
which, dull despair would settle were
this great hope disappointed, I should
wish for my part never to have hnd
America play any part whatever In
this attempt to emancipate the world.
But I talk as If there were any ques
tion. I have no more doubt of the
verdict of America In this matter than
I have doubt of the blood that is In
me.
' And so, my fellow citizens, I have
conio bnck to report progress, and I
do not believe that the progress Is go
ing to stop short of the goal. The
nations of the world have set therr
heads now to do a great thing, and
they are not going to slacken their pur
pose. And when I speak of tne nations
of the world I do not speak of the
governments of the world. I speak of
the peoples who constitute the nations
of the world. They are In the saddle
and they are going to see to It that If
their present governments do not do
their will, some other governments
Rhall. And the secret Is out and the
present governments know It.
Harmony Out Common Knowledge.
There Is a great deal of harmony to
be got out of common knowledge.
There Is a great deal of sympathy ro
he got out of living in the sumo atmos
phere and, except for the differences of
languages, which puzzled my American
ear very sadly, I could have believeu
I was at home In France or In Italy or
In England when I was on the streets,
when I was In the presence of the
crowds, when I was In great hnlis
where men were gathered together Ir
respective of class. I did not feel
quite as much at home there as I do
here, but I felt that now, at any rate,
after this storm of war had cleared the
air, men were seeing eye to eye every
where and that these were the kind of
folks who would understand what the
kind of folks at home would under
stand and that they were thinking the
same things.
Trying to Interpret America.
It Is n great comfort, for one thing,
to realize that you all undertsnnd the
language I am speaking. A friend of -mine
said thnt to talk through an In
terpreter was like witnessing the com
pound fracture of an Idea. But the
beauty of It Is thut, whatever the Im
pediments, the channel of communica
tion, the Idea is the snme ; that It gets
registered, and It gets registered In
responsive hearts and receptive pur
poses. I have come back for a strenuous
utteinpt. to transact business for a lit
tle while In America, but I have really
come back to say to you, In all sober
ness and honesty, that I have been
trying my best to speak your thoughts.
When I Kumple myself, I think I find
that 1 am a typical American, and if I
sample deep enough and got down to
MRS. PHILIP NORTH MOORE.
den been foregone. They remember
J territory that - was coveted l; they jre-1 written upon the historic table at Vejr-
set up as hostile camps again ; the
men nt the peace conference will go what Js probably the true stuff of a
home with their bends upon their j man, then I have hope thnt It Is part
breasts, knowing thnt they hnve failed
for they were bidden not to coine
home from there until they did some
thing more than sign a treaty of peace.
Suppose we sign the treaty of peace
and that It Is the most satisfactory
treaty of peace that the confusing ele
ments of the modern world will afford,
and go home and think about our la-
bora ; we will know that we have left
of the stuff that Is like the other fel
low's at home.
And, therefore, probing deep In my
heurt and trying to see the things thnt
are right, without regard to the things
that may be debated as expedient, I
feel that I am interpreting the purpose
and the thought of America; and in
loving America I find I have Joined the
great majority of my fellow . men
throughout the world.

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