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Friday, September 24. it..
tiip mnrnr RFf orii aaaaawj --! ;if 1 J' '.- ;4 PUREST BLOODED JEWS ARE EXILES Attempt to Be Cave : Mai Lead to Arrest i! Highlanders of the Caucasus Who Have Kept Free From Giru'e Admixture. SOT TIE FU.HS FEOFLE Their Lnquj9 an Many of Their Customs Arc Peculiar Oat and Circumstances f Settlement Ml That Region Unknown. London. Of til the -ii'-re-l tribe ill remnants of the Jewf-Ji people. dods i I' known to ili world at Urge, and eertninlv nie reiettt more striking rot)trT to the coHjm'm n-eptlot of Jl,e uiorfern children of lrae) than th? Jeil. Hij.iilnicrs of the i'tTii 'au-iiu. Vet there are probably ijom In sM the world w1m have kept the Jew :sh blood luore pure and free from gentile (mixture. lr an) lw have rr.f.re faithfully pre served the traditions, belief and cus tom of tli time lf"rf the Mile. Indeed, they hold theuiivex untie aloof from the other Jews of the Catt cafcus region, refusing to lutenoarry with them, to worship with them, or even to have social or commerHMl in tercourse 1th .hem beyond the I'mlts of "be barest necessity. No Soctish Highlander ever scorned the Lowlrinder one-half to much a these Uigli'tind er Jews scorn their klnstueo of the plain and of the urban ghetto. Traditions Fail to Explain. The date and the circumstances of Iheir m-ttleiiierit in the Caucasus high land are unknown, even in their own tradition. Iut it is certain that they Kara teen there for nearly a thousand year. In that time their physical characteristics liave been materially modified by their environment and mode of life. Wit characteristic Jew ish face and complexion, they have tall. stalwart, muscular bodies, re sembling the best of the Hill men of Iadi a. or some of the giM Highland em of Scotland. Their I'fe Is of course purely rural, since they liave no cod Mderahle towns, and they devote them selves to agriculture, an I the growing of grapea and toba--o. From the grapes they make both wine and brandy, and of these leverages they are heavy drinker. Indeed they have j the unenviable reputation of bein; the I anJt drinkers in all that part of the world which , might easily be. since the Mohammedan tribes around them re almost enilrely total abstainers. However, dninkenriess Is little known among them. If at a!L .. They are aim great fighters. That Is generally a characteristic of moun tanera, and Ut thee highland Jews It is highly developed. They always go armed, as do the Moment frins, and re never backward In using their Weapons for defense. They do not. however, share in any of the blood fVuds of the Circassian tribesmen, nor do they Join in their raids and quar rels. Their langnnpe Is neitlier Hebrew tior that of the country in which they live, but rather what philologists term l'arsd Tartar, or a tuingtlng of old Per eisn and Tartar. From this circum stance It Is Inferred that their ances tors went to the Caucasus from Persia In the days of Cyrus the Great, or Darius. 1'erhaps they were fugitives from Persien captivity: or else they preferred going to the Caucasus rather than back to Palestine. There I indeed one ancient legend w hk-h tells . that ther wamlereal northward In nnui I of Mount Ararat and the remains of Koah'a ark. The patriarchal mode of life pre raiU among them. When a son mar ries he does not establish a home of ms own. lie simply tu:ids a wing on ' his father's bouse and lives in it. In i this fashion there are often three or j four generations living in a single houe. which consists of a slncle story I spread over a large area of ground. Each house bus Its own allotment of Imid. comprising grain field, tobacco Held, vegetable garden and vineyard, and all are kept In a high state of cul - tlvation. though with primitive meth od. Each garden is Inclosed within a wall of rubble nd ciay about six fet high. Tliee highland Jews have no rabbis tnd no religious head. They have no utgn;iK- stnl n I.tarej. Tly tave m roll of t;- U. it it i'S fy for rrlrti'f Tli'-y j.-. n ti -.l-lth In tw tri-ert M c ir f.-Kt.m doing r." rk n-l nkiiz ft" f-l. all fi r:r nitx it lint ci.k1 .n the 1-2 .). Ttwj kr1 'e Inw !! ihHr rtreal i jlvjH n-!-.ir:il. but by eatiLS a:i --tiJtt iii.il u w-a la tlj .-o air The if.- of Tl riift i- i. !..': rty tAi u nnl. a i.d thry hate a rere-r-i'Mit -f ther "mo at e h r - tu-Bn. i.rl nni? aluax - l-r..h-d fir iv nr-n:li l-eft.re inaTi:!;-. srs. the bntU-tn-ttn. ihte9d f n-r-t-iviitj a dowry with hi bride, tna-t isy brr f;ith-r a price 1t t r. Th; i- a'ilty il for in b-p. mttie r !nr. but aH in eist.t-en or -fne tmiHtjde Th-r-if. Tle price may ) li t.e-p r h-ail l cattle, or if t!se bride Kriw.ta i rich it may l-e 72 lwr. but for ine resifc'ii. the orira of bR-! i bt in an?in,:tity. !w niiint-rr atut alwst be eighteen a Hiu'tlpie of eighteen. There 1 ik r-)!jri"u nuir nee --r-:iwti , but a civil nniTnict If wTltten and Mtned. Hlsen a child i torn it i l!d un a plotter. s-riiiklrtl with sit and ev hibite to gtiej.!. Vio-n unveiled and upeak to men a freely a iu west ern latiii. A man is imiittfl to have nany as three wives at ooce. though by no mean all of t!ern avail ttwiriM'lves of rh priviSse. l'ivorce I eldMij tf ever practiced. At death the rfy fs nt emTftittnl but is mere ly writped in a shroud ai.i buried, while the women wall a dire. ne of the irwxt curious of all their i"utorn is that of bavin; the women of the household occupy r.joms which are -cejlile frota the ret of the boue only throush semicircular holes at the uttom of the wall, not mere tlmn two feet hijrb. for all the world like the en'ranee to doj kennels. When a guet calls at a house he Is welafimt In a spacious reception rom, and then the host gets do-rn on lianas and Knees am crawls through a hole in the wall in tsearch of his wife, or wives, as the ease may le. and pres ently comes crawling back, followed by the ledit- of the household in the same undignified attitude. The women dress in jackets and loo trousers after the orien'al fashion. Purriabd, Ore. J.J Uw always nU&g rocuaaca. Jut whea Eraet Fir trW. to I'uU a cave-fuaa tant ut. fix it a; for him and Poii Ea gie to we-1 Uw brvje-t-b went u4 tad him arreted. "He iwl to .t uq uv pr-li with a gaa and Ihrra:n to kid se u!-s I ntarried e.m." sJm t.td the- ctirt. "it Eracst. wh.i ts etet;--n old. was hel-l unler $2.f for inveiija liott by the gntbd jry. corai m . SUE FOR I'.DIAN C1L LANDS Property WcrtN 300 Million DoItar II Sou;ht by United States Dts " tr:et Attorney. k!aiH!ua (iy. Suit w iTl le fl!ei r l the Lusted States ditret wirt oft b Italf of the Iij'I an own-r by Jolia A Fain. I'riiteil s-ates d.;b-t attonx-y for fifteen ect:on of ltn:n nil lam:- esten:ics sr.uth to the oil bank of t! ISed river, siiid to le a!u-l at 3" million dollar, and icvo'vitig some of th rit-hest oil lands iu the country. The move wa decitietl at a oocfereoi- In Wah;riffton at which Attorney Gen eral -alner. Mr. Fr and a Texas ret- re-ntative were l-en. The suit Involve the .leterminati.n of the obi river bed wiiich was th Texa-klahorua border. There ar thirty-two InjUn im-i-rties on th LamL extending for utten miles, Fa;D says. It is opposite the bet field ib the P.urkburnett field. HICKORY NUTS ON GRAPEVINE FIND BONES OF DWARF RACE Squaw Creek Mesa Near Grand yon Burial Place of An cient Tribe, Can- Missouri Farmer Producvs a Wonder ot Vegetable Life That Would As tonish Luther Bur-bank. Ketnett. Mo. According to W. T. Komine, recorder of devd of Dunklin county, Luther Burbank has been oat done on the farm of F. M. McNeil, where a wild grapevine, growimt around a hickory tree, has produced hickory nut in the place of grape for two consecutive seasons. The vine was also een by J. P. Nations and A- W. Winters, who ac coinpnnied Recorder Itomine on a search for peaches. It U not claimed that the hickory nuts grow in clusters the same as grapes, but many people in the neighborhood will testify to the authenticity of the story, as it seem to be one of the peculiarities of nature caused by the ""crossing" of the vice and tree.- 2 II II Hi U Wt.47 II is U U -ww - II vi r l Jfihs&m that one I V ? I I Hlth CI JwnT jter than any of the other fellows iu -y Ns T i i I LaaaMBi Prescotf, Arlr. That the Sqaaw creek mesa, 15 miles east of Grand canyon, was the burial ground of an ancient tribe of dwarfs, is the opinion of IL L. Loomis. pr3spector, who says he recently tmcovered portions of 19 skeletons there. In. the old graves the prospector found a cupful of tuquolse and small pieces of ancient pottery, some of which have been sent to the University of Ariiona and the remainder to the Smithsonian Insttiation. All the bones found were those of a diminutive race, Loomis said. SARAJEVO MONUMENT RAZED intj-tii- nwvfho! I which makes one strong so Cho-Cho. the can win races and pitch baseball bet Health CI jwnrjter than any or tne oiuer yelled the -j00 j our gang, and so on. d into ; And what do voU think! v 11 iij u s'- - 5 the big assembly i got bock after eating these things that hall of the school- make one strong and healthy he had When he Sure enough. It was Cho-Cho, the fa m o u s health clown. The familiar figure waited out Storm Cures a Paralytic. Boston. Frightened by a crash of thunder and a bolt of lightning dur ing a storm at North Adams. Mrs. Wil liam PadJock of Jacksonville, Vt, who had been a paralytic for over a year. Jumied from her chair In the kitchen and walked across the floor. Slavs Tear Down Shaft Marking Scot Where Archduke Ferdinand and Wife Were Killed Sarajevo, Bosnia. The Slavs hi torn down the beautiful monument of granite and " bronie which the A'js tr'ans erected to the memories of Archduke Fraua Ferdinand and his wife. Sophia, duchess of Hohenberg. which sJood at a corner of the bridge here where their assassination by Priniip furnished the spark that set off the world war. It bore a browse plaque showing the figures of both Ferdinand and Sophia. Sarajevo seems almost to have for gotten the assassination and is well on :ts way toward making "business as usual." As a demobilized soldier said. "We're all sick of the war business r Lazy Husband Roundup Due at Yakima, Wash. Taklma. Wash. A round-up of "laty habaud" Is threat ened here by local officials. Washington Mate has a law which Iits lazy husbands at work and gives the family of such men their earnings. Offl dais say the rocnty Is so plagued with men llble for Itrosecution under the law that a round-up will soon start. tie case cited here was of a ha band who rode around the res ervation In an automobile while his wife drow-f a hay rick for a laborer's wage. Indian Gives Girt Saddle. Tymlall. S. D. What without donor is one of the finest and mot valuable saddles in the wliole Northwest has been presented to Miss Anna Kirk of this city by aa old Indian friend. Ths saddle is entirely covered, with beads. red. white and bine, fashioned in dif ferent dtsictis. The saddle shows wear, and evidently had been iu use In the tribe for some years. The -sork oa it indicates that many moci". nd periiais year, were ren'iired n.-tke ie saddle and fashion the b-a-Hork designs npo It. I:s. Kirk rvfused en 1 offer of UV for the sdd. which X I thought to be on of the finest esira j pies of Indian work In existence. j .. Band Weighs 3'j Tons. Angeles, Cal. 1 Angeles j e'.ainw the w-orids heaviest tmnd. It !s the police hand of 32 members, the : lightest weigliing ISO pounds. Total efght, three aud a half tons. Y. W. C. A. FURNISHES ARMENIAN WOMEN WORK AND HOMES ' a4 gained a whole pound. And tnis ne provel by standing on the scales and letting one of the children read the C -Tares. A whole pound! and a normal on the platform and every child there j child is only supposed to gain half a could see at a glance that he was a j pound in a whole month. He pranced really-truly. sure-enough eireus clown, about and laughed with glee over this with his white face with red spots on glad news. it. his big white ru. full trousers and j And then hi produced the frying pnn foat. marked with the bright red dia-', and the coffeepot, which he bran moods. In one hand he carried a metal i dished in the air as he pranced about. scale (s- eh as is used for weighing the baby) and on the other arm a market basket fiiled with green vegetables, from the midst of which peeped a frying-pan and a coffeepot and a pint bottle of milk. "Hello, children r he called out. "Glad to see youl" And he tripped over an imaginary obstacle, nearly losing his hold on his market basket, to the unholy Joy of the youthful spec tators. Ho. ho!" he roared. "Almost lost my dinner that time. Those vegetables are precious. I eat 'em alive and get big and strong." The white figure advance to the center of the platform by slow stages. because of a continuous dropping of the various articles contained in his basket. In picking up a carrot he dropped a beet and in picking up the beet he dropped a cabbage, and so in ; and how these children laughed ! At last he deposited his burdens safely on the bench. rve been to the country and the things la that big basket w ere all given to me as presents by a kind farmer and his wife. Shall I tell you about my visit?"" The delighted yell that went up was answer enough. s Cho-Cho told about It. The farmer and his wife showed him how the cows were milked and iuej looj uiiu mat luese annuals were working overtlte to get milk enough for the city children, who insisted on drinking milk instead of tea and coffee because it makes them grow tall and strong. This reminded him that he had mid no milk since breakfast and he must interrupt his story to take his nour ishment, for milk is a food as well as a drink and he makes it a point to drink at least a quart a day. He took the bottle of milk from his biisket. re moved the paper top. wiped the neck of the bottle carefully with a paper napkin, explaining that he always did this to any bottle or glass or cup from which he drank, as one never knows who used the article or whether or not they had whooping cough or measles or dumps or any other diseas? that one might catch. Then, with much Joyous blinking of the eyes and rub bing of the stomach and wiggling of the toes, he drank the entire contents f the bott'e. He found the egg-, which the hens had laid in the hay. and learned that there H as much nourishment !n one eg as thete l. In or ceetsteaK. ire veeetaWe nLn was visited ami he learned thai tc,in ach. a vegetable for which he never declaring that they were. the deadly enemies of all children, and the ouly thing that should be put in them was holes. Nothing cooked in a frying puu or a coffeepot was fit for any child to take into his system, and he hurled them from him in a rage. Then he gave side-splitting Imita tion of a boy going to beL He un dressed with great care and carefully folded .ch garment and placed it on a chair, yawning and rubbing his eyes the while. "What does he do next?" he asked bis audience. "He brushes his teeth!" was the reply. "He sure does." answers Cho-Cho, and this is how ae brushes them, up and down, up and down. In the new style. Instead of cross-ways in the old- fashioned way. And then he gargles his throat like this, to get rid of all the dust of the street and next?" "He takes a bath !" "Uight again," says the clown, and you never saw such fun as Cho-Cho had in his bath, scrubbiug himself aud squeezing the sponge over his head. and gettiug soap in his eyes aud mouth, and sputtering and laughiug all at once. One never realized that a bath could be such fun; "And uow, said he, as he rubbed his back with the imaginary towel. "what next? "He opns his windows!" came the chorus. "t f course," said Cho-Cho, "he opens them at the top and the bottom, like inis. so mat sir. roou Air can come iu and Mr. Biid Air can go out. And now he drinks a glass of nice, cold water be drinks four of these every day aud this is his last mm. mm. It's good ! Now he Jumps Into bed and the first thing you know he's snoring awny like this." "I must go now. But remember! If yijn do these things you'll gain half pound a month." - So he hacked away and out the door, kissing his hand and shouting "tiood-by" at evert step though the children yelled so that he could hardly be heard at all. This is m true story. It happened just this way la New York city and Is going to happen In many other cltiea. Cho-Cho Is a real clown ami he la working in this thing for Uncle Sain to make the school children strong and healthy. The schoot hygiene division of the National Bureau of Education of the a dren in the country, and 15,000,000 suf- fering from physical defects which could be prevented or corrected. The bureau of education's health contest alms to reach these children. "Health, strength, Joy" is the motto of the division, and tts methods art all directed toward making health edu cation real fun. Health charts which children fill in for themselves, showing their weight and height and how much each of them gains, are sent by the division to all schools and teachers which ask for them. Brightly colored pamphlets for teachers and children, and personal letters, give advice about health problems. And best and latest of all, Cho-Cho. real circus clown, has been employed to make amusing and helpful talks on what a child should eat, wear and do to be strong and well. It Is a fact that at least 15 per cent of our children today are suffering from malnutrition, resulting not w much from eating too little as from eating and drinking the wrong kind of food. All sorts of methods hava been tried, with very little success, to rem edy this condition, to Induce the par ents to provide and the children to eat the foods that will nourish and gire them strength. Cho-Cho and a pair of scales, on which each child can be weighed once a month. Is a combina tion that will go a very long way to ward bringing about the desired results. The monthly weighing Is a most im portant factor In this work. Johnnj and Jenny,' who have rigidly lived up to the Instructions given by Cho-Cho for four long weeks, step onto th scales with their eyes shining and theli heurts pounding with excitement. H they have gained more than the de sired half a pound, their cup of joy u brimming over, and If. on the othei hand, they are not quite up to th mark, their guilty consciences remlm them of the coffee which they ha drunk or of the baths which they neg lected to take, or the green vegetable which they refused to eat, and the: realize that Cho-Cho was right on cannot do these things and still tail his half a pound a month. Cho-Cho is very busy these 4ys. H is booked solid for months to come I various cities. But one down cannc do all the work of the country, and other Cho-Chos are being trained. It I a nntlon-wide campaign, which toe are waging to better the condition the bovs aud girls who are to const tute the oext generation of our citizen cared, contains a good big piroe j Interior Department Is carrvtne on nauonai nenun contest among th school children of the country. At present there are, according to Secre- vast amount of iron. J tary Lane, 6.000,000 underweight chil- "What the Dickens.1 Shakespeare as well as Dickons tlclpated some modern catch phrase such as the popular Injunction to k your hair on. "Ton are like to to your hair!" remarks one of the chi acters In "The Tempest." Then find Fa 1st a IT exclaiming; "The game Is up." "I cannot tell what the dickens name is." And a thirsty soul In "Antony Cleopatra" confesses: "I have yet room for six Scotch more." London Chronicle. EAGER FOR GREAT ADVENTURE Armenian wuutva aud girts, rescued from ike Turks. ttUiut ttutir fftouaed. Tbejr are given home and work by the T. W. GL A. which Lhey combed seemed better than high adventure tetminated at any moment by a sud den cataclysmic death. That wss 427 years ago. Cow. sars the New York Evening Post, there Is no need to call for criminals to man the first Atlantic trips in air. They had to turn men away from the crew of the on the first voyage by llghterthan-alr machine, and even then one stowaway got himself aboard and made the trip. The Idea was to KC!) the tfMniinilAiin m.i.i . . . Life imprisonment. In mtt. "mm - "" n win an mn Men of Today Vastly Different From Those Who Went Exploring With Christopher Columbus. They had to bribe men In the earnest and timorous days of Columbus to ship for the first Atlantic trip. Sailing towards the edge of a perfectly fiat earth bad no rticular charms, even for criminals and "broken men" who offered Indemnity If they would Eagerness for flying, the R-34' cp was smaller than the crew of the n ta Maria, which consisted of 52 ign nt and fearful men, who had no d Just why they lnt, or where. On I three ships together, the Encyclopei Brltannlca says, there were 8S tn 52 on the sailing ship Santa Mat which Columbus commanded hltusi and IS apiece on the caravals Pli ndNlna. Cheap bargains are dear. Span Proverb. -