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Friday, October 10.
1L "FLIP EPIDEMIC WILL BE MILDER If There Is Re:urrence It Will Not Be a Severe as Last Winter. HQ POSITIVE PREVENTIVE Previous Attack B'ingi Immunity in Percentage of Caet Enforce ment of Sanitation and Avoid- Necessary Precautions. (Authoritative Statement Issued United States Public Health Service.) by Probably, but by no menus cer tainly, there will be a recurrence of tint Influenza epidemic this year. Indications are, t h:i t Phuuld it occur, It will not lip as severe a tlit' pandemic of tlu previous winter. Cily official, state and cily hoards of lienllh. should lie pre pared In the event of a recur rence. The fuet Unit n previous at tack brings Iniiiiiintty In a ccr tain percentage of ruse should alhty fear on the port of those afflicted in the previous epidem ic. Influenza Is spread by direct and Indirect contact. It Is not certain that the germ has been isolated, or discovered, and im a consequence there Is yet no positive preventive, ex cept the enforcement of rigid rules of sanitallon and the avoid ance of personal contact. A close relation between the Influenza pandemic and the con- staidly Increasing pneumonia mortality rate prior to the fall of 1!H8 Im recognized. It Is now believed that the dis ease was pretty widely dissem inated throughout the country before It was recognized In Its epidemic state. This failure to recognize the early cases appears to have been largely due to the fact that every Interest was then centered on the wor. Above are the Important fuels de veloped by the United Slates hpidth net-vice after a careful survey and In vestigation of the Influenza pandemic of V.H3-1919, carried on In every state find Important city, nnd even In for eign countries. NO one tf the many exports of the Mrv!et would make n more positive forecast of the all-Important question. Will there be a recurrence? All agreed, however, that a recurrence was not unlikely, and in the face of the known facts, that It would be wise to be pre pared, more with u view of being on the stiffli Bide than actually anticipat ing danger. The following excerpts from the government report are published, for the benefit of the public nnd health olllcers In the hope that this will serve to set at rest the dally publication in the newspapers of statements, which on one hand are calculated to lull the public Into a sense of false security and on th other to unduly cause alarm. Contrary to the opinion expressed frequently during the early weeks of last year's pandemic by a number of observers, the studios of the United Htuttis public health service Indicate thnt the epidemic was not a fresh Im portation from nhrond. Careful study of the mortality statistics of the Uni ted States shows that there were a number of extensive though mild fore runners of the pandemic during the previous three or four years. The ep idemic was generally of a mild type and has tdnce been almost forgotten. It occasioned, however, a noticeable. Increase In the recorded" death, rate f rotn pneumonia. Rise In Mortality. In the spring of 1018 there was' an other sharp rise In the mortulity. rate frnic pneumonia. In the larger cities of the Atlantic seaboard these Increas es occurred during January, February nnd March. In the rest of Ihe coun try, especially the central nnd west ern states, the Increases occurred In April, a month during which pneumon ia mortality Is generally on the decline. Thi increase was mifflclent to Indi cate a strong departure from the nor mal. The Increased mortality rale ex tended Into May and In some areas longer. This occurrence has. It la believed, definite significance In relation to ' Influema epidemic. In the United States la the spring of 1918, a num ber of definite local outbreaks of In fluenza were observed: The rise In mortality from pneumon ia, this very similar type of disease, .In the spring of 1918 Is so sudden, so marked and so general throughout the United States as to point very clearly to a defintte relation. Everything In dicate that the Increased mortality from pneumonia In March and April of 1918 was the consequence of a be - ginning and largely unnoticed epidem ic of lnflueoaa. the beginning In this country of the pandemic which devel pped In the autumn of that year. In. the British cities the epidemic IMudfested three dlatluct waves the " j lir-.! wild Mli"litet III iMiint f mortal- ' liy ocfiirriiij in June and July, ihe lnnk appear to make Mojile nerj. ' fcecnnd iiild nio-t sever ill Nov ember, . these other pnili- of ii.fwtioii. m. 'I -o the tlildl In February and March. ' the iii-e f fai- m:iks Iki not . - t - I I'atii. m Melt need not l.c cited here in iiltomled with the miw pivdii 'l , ilelall. Indieaie that Hie ennr-e of the j for them. If ve wnild be more - ' epidemic in ue-i,-ni Europe generally cc-ftM hi combat'ic.; influenza jrn -at- j Was tdiiiilar. Ill the 1'iiilxl S:alc the cr atleiilioii miiM lie paid to ihe epiileinie leve!oped mole laiyely in tors .il-t emmi'iaied. 9 viable wave during Sepleinber, Oc- j The question of nio.r practical : id tuber and November. Immediate Interest i- the prol.abil ';" . The prevalence of a serious epidem- j of recurrence in Ihe near future. ' lc of liilliieii.a was first re. -utilized in currences are characteristic of Im;i- t and around Boston In Si-ptcmbcr of ena epidemics : and the history of 1 1 ; ! T.'IS. Within nlioiit two week it wan I hist pandemic and previous oi..-s general In the Atlantic seaboard, ile- ' would si em to point to the coiiclu-n.ii vcloping a Utile later amnm. eiiies fur- : that this one has not yet run Its fuM ther west. Ilural districts Here usu- ! course, tin the other hand this cpi ally attacked somewhat later than demlc has already shown three more large interests In the same, sections, or less d'siinet phases and has nei III Ihe cities east of the line of the ; more severe, at least in mortality, than Appalachians the excess mortality I Ihe three-year epidemic of lsv.i li-.', from pneumonia and Influenza during j facts which Justify the hope, though the weeks eiidtwl September l i. 1!t1S, to March 1, P.tIO, was approximately .1.(1 per 1.HK; in cities between tb Kocky moiintiiins ami the Appalachi ans 4. '.','; mid In those of Ihe Pacific Const 5.55 per I.CMNI. Concerning the Important question ; over the normal mortality front pncii of Immunity conferred by an attack j imui'a for perhaps several years; and of 1 1 1 ll iieii.n , the evidence is mil coll- j cerlal'ily we should be, as far its pes elusive, but there is reason to believe ; slide, prepared to meet them by pre- j that an attack dui'lng the earlier stages of the epiileinie confers a con siderable, but not absolute immunity In the Inter outbreaks. t Transmitted by Contact. In general Ihe pandemic of Inllueuza was largely similar to that of 1SWI 0O In Its development, first a mild form, later on a severe world-wide epidemic. In the rapidity of Its spread and Its high case incidence. It has however been iiolably different In a much high er mortality, especially among young adults. Such 'evidence as has been gathered confirms Ihe conclusion pre viously reached that It Is transmitted directly and Indirectly by contact. Tt appears, probable, however, that the Infection was already widely dissem inated lit this country sometime be fore a serious epidemic was recog nized. Despite the fact lhat (here Is still some uncertainty im to the nature of the mlcro organlsni causing pandem ic Influenza, one thing Is certain, that the disease Is communicable from per son to person. Moreover, judging from experience In other diseases, It is probable that the germ, whatever Its nature, Is carried about not only by those who are 111 with Influenza, but by persons who may be entirely well. Everything which Increases per sonal contact, therefore, should be re garded as a factor In spreading influ enM. , Much was heard last winter of the use of face masks. Though the use of suitably constructed masks will reduce Ihe Interchange of respiratory germs MUSIC COURSES FOR AMERICANS France Establishes Summer Con servatory in Palace of Fontainebleau. SUGGESTED BY BAND1MSO School Will Be Conducted for Benefit of Students of Both Sexes Who Have Been Studying at Amer ican Conservatories. Paris. An American conservatory of music soon will be established at Fontainebleau as the result of the ac tion of the Foutuinobleuti municipal council, which voted a subvention of 100,000 f nines for the creation of the school. The suggestion was put for ward by Mr. Francis Cusudesus, pres ident aud conductor of the Paris or chestra, and the French minister of public Instruction has set aside for the school the Louis XV wing of the national palace of Fontainebleau. It will be a subuner school and the l'u-st session will begin July 1, 1020, "Mr, Cnsudcmis spent seven months at Chaumont, the American headquar ters of the A. K, F., teaching Instru mentation at the American' army bandmasters' ami musicians' "school created by Dr. Walter I himrosch at the request of General Pershing, Suggested by Casadesus. Mr. Casadesus first conceived the Idea of the school nfter the American school at Chaumont completed ts work. He planned to place the courses of the National Conservatory of Music in Paris at the disposal of the Americans. His , friends discouraged the Idea, on the theory that Paris, with all Its attractions, was not the proper place to study music, the temptations to waste time were too many for students. . ' Following a recent meeting between Mr. Casadesus and Mr. Fragnaud, sob prefect of Fontainebleau and a grebt lover of music, the historic place wa-i selected. The municipal council unanimously voted the 100,000 ' franca, which will be added to by French donations to be expended for proper lodging and board facilities. I tbrougn imiaiiiti 41, It n:ui i rr.m-ru hered that there nr many .rln-r path j l.y which Midi germ arc tr;inMiiiit'-t front kthii t jMTtri. Soiled luticS i,i,r,nii drinking np. ittiprope i . denned i-a!in"jr and drinktns .uten-.l III rcstatiratiK. "!a foiiitlfillis. eti roller to.icN. Infected f m m! thcc at t)j,jy n c,.u- (I,,. i, milium ( ,. : - of -renn trali-tiii--ioii. The n-e of f not the conclusion, that It has run its course already. , Recurrence Is Likely. It seems probable, however, that we j may expect at least local recurrences j In the near future, with an increase j vious oruanlzat ion of forces and meas- arcs for alteinpled prevention," treat ment, and scientific investigation. There should lie no repetition of extensive sulToring and distress which accompanied last year's pandemic. Cotnnitiiiilles should make plans now for dealing with any recurrence of the epidemic. . The prompt recognition of the early cases and their effective Iso lation should he aimed at. In this con nection, attention is called to the fact that the cases may appear to be Just ordinary colds. A recent extensive outbreak of whnt were regarded as "summer colds" in I'eorin, Illinois, proved on investigation to be nn ep idemic of a mild type of Influenza. Experience Indicates that these mild epidemics are often the starting points of more severe visitations. Hence ev cry effort should be made to discover as early as possible any unusual prev alence of "colds." For municipalities operating on n budget basis. It Is important that all delay in providing the necessary finan cial support to the health authorities In dealing with a recurrence of the epidemic be avoided by setting aside an emergency epidemic fund. This may prove of the greatest value in car rying out. Important preventive meas ures In the early days of the epidem ic, at a time when their beneficial ef fect Is greatest. ' The most promising way to deal with a possible recurrence of the Influenza epidemic is, to sum it up In a single word, 'Trcpo redness." And now it is the time to prepare. The school will be conducted for I he benefit of students of both sews who have been studying at American conservatories In v-inter nnd who do sire to perfect their studies in France during summer, months. The profes sors will he those of. the staff of the National Conserv nlory of Musir- in Paris, and students will lie able, through competition, to get high French awards equivalent to those given at the Paris conservatory. The courses will last three months July, August and September and will Include musical composition, har mony, orchestra leading, counterpoint and fugue, organ, plan, violin, vlol'n ccllo, volte and harp. Students in those courses may also enter competi tion for the Paris grand prize for musical composition. Competition Every Year. The competition for tills grand prize will be hold every year nnd only those pupils who hove followed the course !ti n musical composition nnd have passed rigid tests will be eligible. The trials will last six days. The rules of the Paris conserva tory, which are most severe, will he rigorously enforced. The definite ;id mission to the competition will be given October 2, and the selection of competitors Mill begin on October 5. During that time the contestants will not be allowed to see or communicate with nny one. They will be rlgor-ou ly isolated and their correspondence will be opened. The work demanded will be one of the following: An allegro for sytn pnony, a symphonic poem, a rantatt ror mree voices onn orcnestra, a so nata for violin and piano or for violin cello and piano. The hearing of the compositions will be held In the con cert hall of the Paris conservatory In December. At the end of th herr ing, which will be open to the pub lic, the awards will be made. Tuition for the summer school will be $04 a month. The school will be able to furnish room and board for 200 students at from $70 to $75 it month. An additional 100 students can be accommodated on condition that they find their own living ar rangements. A coarse In musical his tory will be obligatory, but all other courses may be followed according to cnoice. MNGKGK i,. 'i im'Yr mm A View in A T Singapore the traveler bound ! for Siam quits the liner and embarks upon one of the small .steamers which take i the mails to l'.angkok. The steamer ( makes for the low mangrove-fringed j shore which marks bis destination and ! presently enters the muddy ISangkok i river, writes 1'. A. Thompson in ! "Siam." On either side stretch salt I marshes, soon hidden behind the lux uriant vegetation. Here on the oozy hanks are fern-like attap and rank tropical growths, half submerged, while rising from the firmer ground be hind are the slender trunks and grace ful fronds of n recti nnd cocouut palms. IJangkok is twelve miles from the coast in a direct line, but so tortuous Is the river that it is fully three hours before we arrive. Here a score of small steamers are anchored in mid stream. Others . lie alongside the, wharfs, together with sailing vessels of all descriptions: merchantmen from Europe, rice boats from up country, and fishing boats from the gulf. Every where we see Chinese toiling. Boats ply to and fro between the banks, and every now and then the little vessels are set dancing and plunging in the wash of the steam launches which tear by. At length we, too, draw in to a Jwhtirf and land Itunidst piles of goods. Motley Throng in the Street. Behind the wharfs and mills which line the river on its eastern side, we come upon a long street, white and lusty in the dry months, and in the rainy season a lane of mud. Here at all seasons a motley crowd of Chinese, Siamese, Malays, Hindus and Mahom etans jostle each other, while coolies toil along at a foot pace with 'rick shaws in the last stages of dilapida tion. A crazy gharry, bearing a dis tant resemblance to a London growler and drawn by a diminutive pony, bumps over the uneven surface, and on one side of the road electric trams, packed with natives, are screeching along the ill-laid track. None of these methods of locomotion appeals to us, nor do we feel inclined to mingle with the thrntij; of pedestrians. However, if wc are lucky we may find near by a stable, at which we may hire a pair horse gharry, a sort of miniature vic toria. We will not look on while the ponies are being put in, for it is not well to know exactly how much string is used in the composition of our har ness. It is certain that the proportion is large, but if only the reins hold out we must lie thankful. On either side are rows of one- storied wooden houses. The shops on the ground floor are quite open to the street, and we can see Chinese carpen ters, tailors and bootmakers at work inside, wliile elsewhere cheap cotton goods and hardware -are disnhived Now and then we pass a Chinese Joss- house with fantastic roof-rldge, and through the open door we see un altar decked with tinsel and iteacocks feathers. " Official Quarter and Royal Palace. Our driver expects us to direct him at every step, so if we say nothing he win keep straight on and we shall ores- etitly come to the old city wall, white washed now, and much disfigured with telegraph wires, but with picturesque nattiements shaped like the leaves of the sacred Bo tree. Within we ure at once sensible of a greut improvement as we bowl oyer the well-kept surface of a broad avenue, planted with plane trees, ana bordered by neat rows of brick houses. As we cross a cunnl we catch a glimpse of trees reflected In the water, aud trim lawns, and beyond them pagodas blazing with pure gold In. the sunlight. This is the official quarter, Here, too, is the Royal Pulace, whose brilliant roofs and iridescent spires are seen over the dazzling whiteness of the outer wall. Just outside the city wall Is the Golden Mount, a bell-shaped mound, faced with brick, but so overgrown by trees that It has the appearance of a natural hillock. On the summit Is a little shrine surmounted by a pagoda, and to it leads a flight of steps, wind ing about a hill. From here we look down upon a forest of palms and plane trees, through which break the red roofs of the houses. Everywhere ris ing above the trees are graceful spires and the manifold roofs of temples, Bangkok. with their tiles of rich orange or deep purple, great splashes of color against the clear blue ky. To this place we may often return to watch the dawn stealing over the paddy fields, whilst at our feet the palm trees rise through a veil of purple mist; or when at eveuing the pink rays of the setting sun are shooting halfway to the ze- tilth we may come up here and see the thousand pinnacles of Bangkok, out lined in the rifts between lovv-lyin clouds against a smoky orange sky. KEEP BUSY AND LIVE LONG Notable Examples of Longevity Among Men Who Have Elected to Remain in "Harness." Maybe it used to lie that "the good die young." but It doesn't look as though they're doing it now. Take, for instance, Itev. Albert Vo gel of Jeannette, Pa. He's one hundred and two years old. He's never smoked or chewed tobac co or drank Intoxicating liquor. Never quarreled or fought with another man. Always trying to do gootl and to per suade others to behave themselves. Hev. Mr. Vogel is the oldest active minister of the gospel in the United States. Hard work, lots of walking and an occasional fishing trip is his formula, for a long and happy life. And this reminds us that Rev. Dr. Aaron E. Ballard is president of the Ocean Grove Camp Meeting associa tion, New York, nnd is ninety-eight years old. "I never would have lived to this age," Doctor P.allard said, "if I had re tired at sixty and commenced twirling my thumbs iu idleness." So it seems the good don't die young if they keep busy. New York World. SAYINGS OF CARNEGIE Educate man and his shackles fall. I hope Americans will some day find more time for play, like the wiser brethren on the other side. Immense power is acquired by assur ing yourself in your secret reveries that you were horn to control affairs. The day is coming and already we see it dawn, in which the man who dies possessed of millions of available wealth 'which was free and In his hands ready to be distributed, will die disgraced. Labor, capital and business ability are three legs of a three-legged stool ; neither Is first, neither is second, neith er is third ; there is no precedence, nil oeing equally necessary. He who would sow discord among the t'iree Is an enemy to all. The first and most seductive perK, and the destroyer of most men, is the drinking of liquor. (Mr. Carnenle him self was a total abstainer, and gave ms employees at Sklbo castle a "10 per cent advance on their wages every year they reported that they had not touched liquor). From the Books and Public Addresses of the Ironmaster. Fish That Soin Silk. Silk stockings are very expensive nowadays, says Pearson's Weekiv The most costly of all thl kin.i r. hosiery, however, Is made from silk which Is not the product of the uir. worms, but a species of shellfish called a pulna. The pulna makes its home In the warm waters of the Mediterranean ruuuu sicuy. u has an odd little tube ai uie ena of Its tongue. "ut of this tube, solder fnshtnn silk-worm fashion, It spins a silk thread wmcn k lasteus Itself to any rock to which It wishes to adhere When the pulna moves on to fresh feeding grounds Its silken cable Is left behind. This cable, which Is called byssus, the Sicilian flshrn.. .. J!r Byssus weaves Into the softest, flnelt and the stockings wove" romTtJ equent y are-as ha. been tulll ceedlngly expensive. INLAND NORTHWEST A nre in the LH-rty tl,H,t r.ahk, Moiit fsvmpU-Iely des,,.,., building. cauin a low of !,..,., - partly covered by Insurance. Coming to ihe rescue of a Ri.,, ..j. -. ... .- niHIl jUjfl fc... , I, I-., r "1 .... ..0 t. 4-i nl k 111 In:, it V Iti ! j ...I. ""' ure Un esroi tn rine practice, UH at F.lv vada last week aud organic t 1 rule cum Kiano wvoi growers imv. form,!, nmiouii' ed their opposition t i1(,f ? eial government' threut to quaranti an ut-ci ill uir i,iic, unless til eik Uetnic or wcaiiies is soon pUt rouuoi. mitv storm n1tifl .,11 .1 uansr of forest tires In western Montana, ciuls of ihe forest Service heail'i,. ters expressed us tnelr belief ftji,. ing receipr cf advices that the stun, was general. 1 -w, citizens nnueusii. .wont., uie wnoie gamut of the neeus or tins city was gone over nnil it vvif iltieiiliijl t.i n ! ' ...... ........... u uigtillize in im i- liiuiiii i.pi otrutrui Ul l!le i'H! environ Stevensville, Mont., suffered heavily as the result of a tire starting in m, attic or tne only hotel in the eiti The flames were not brought nud control until three-fourths of the busi ness section had been wiped out. Heart failure brought death to J, r. Werlen, a pioneer of Montana, beside a spring from which he was drawing water near Acton. A veteran of the Indian wars of the district, Werta was linovvn in every quarter of the state. A spark from an engine set Are the meadow on the Elmore ranch near Elburz, Nevada, and before It was extinguished the flames had swept over about, fifty acres of meadow lawt, and three stacks of haw were con sumed. Within the past week, 2o businesi and professional men of Ontario, Ore. have signed nn agreement to each build a residence. Tie contracts are to be let by December 1, and the proposed houses are to cost between $2500 ml $5000. The movement of western Montana sugar beets to the Killings factory of the Great Western Sugar company has begun. The crop is valued ut .f-IIO.Otli), or 20,1100 tons. It will take about forty days to move this crop, it Is thought. une of the many excellent crop yields to be reported' in Wheatland 'minty, Montana, this year is that of the ranch of Mr. Iligglns of Helena, located on Fish creek. Over 1900 bu shels of wheat was harvested from 200 acres of spring sowing. Adjutant General Maurice Sullivan is engaged in the compilation of a card Index of all Nevada men who served iu any and all branches of the U. S. forces during the late war. When completed it is expected that the list will be issued in book form. Because a woman became angry when he laughed at her during an al tercation she was Indulging in with the proprietor of an alleged soft drink par lor Elton Kurl von Schuldlieis' is in the county jail at Great Falls, Mont., anil the authorities have an Illicit still found in his house. That the bullet-pierced skull and crumbling bones of u man found par tially buried under a huge boulder in a coulee 14 miles northwest of Billings early this month were those of one of j a baud of cattle rustlers exterminated ; by u posse nearly thirty years ago Is i the theory ' advanced by a number of ! Id-time residents, i William Fiske, a rancher living ) miles north of Billings, is in the coun ty jail on a charge of assault in the first degree. It is alleged Fiske flreil a shotgun at Marco BadonvinaU, three of the pellets taking effect In the hitter's right teg. Four hundred pies at fit) cents aplei'S and a great quantity of bread nt eats tt loaf, were sold to about 1.00 In dians from Smoky valley, Elko. Pah- rauagut valley, Ely und other prate who held their annual faudango at Duckwater, Nevada. The case of Glen Hamilton, the 18- year-old boy who shot , and fataiij wounded Ernest Ileusser, near Lake, will probably be turned over to the Juvenile court. Hamilton snoi Heuser when he caught him stealing from the Hamilton place. Attaches of the sheriff's office have obtained sufficient Identification to con firm their belief that the bones taken from an island north of Buhl, Idaho, re those of Albert Harkelrood, a Buhl rancher, who mysteriously disappear early In September, 1910. Frank llause, a machinist, died as result of injuries received at Bock Springs, Wyo., when his skull was fnw tured by a heavy Iron bar while h was working between an enlu siw its tender. Permanent quarters will be pf vlded iu one of the New Idaho cap"0' wlugs for the American Legion, it announced last week at the governor office. 4 The dynamo room of tfce coal mine property at Conroy, Wyo. was burned by a fire of undoubted Incendiary ri' gin aud damages of about $10,000 re sulted. ' , Miners and mill workers are still trlke at Tonopah, Nev., the oidv parent change In the situation Wot that some of the men have le't cawl to seek employment.