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rriday. October 10. 1919.
: i J V t f'' ' i; 'P f. r - M ' 'J .1 ' if ! ; it ft it 4" a -mi Mho PLANTS 9 STOCK MAINTENANCE RATION Silage, Corn Stover, Straw and Un marketable Hay Should Be Given Cattle to Be Grazed. (Fiepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) The greatest obstacle In developing the grazing Industry in many eastern htid central sections is the cost of wintering the stock. It is impossible to buy young cattle or sheep in the taring in sufficient quantities and at u price to yield a satisfactory profit from the summer grazing. One of two plans must be followed. A breeding herd may be kppt to pro duce the stock, as is practiced on the ranges of the West, or young stock nmy be purchased In the fall the plan followed by the grazers In the blue- grtws region of the Virginias and Ken tut fey. Either method necessitates the wintering of animals. jtignt nere snouia ne aui flown a hard-and-fast rule. Cattle which are to be grazed the following summer - H - I tINJMII It aim WiOC MftT (LOSt SlMl .'1 IftCHI) 1 M flU tMVtk fit ii ft fceiPuNO Cattle Feeding on Pasture. should be carried through the winter on a strictly maintenance ration. Si lage, corn stover, straw, and unmar ketable hay should form its basis. The silo is almost indispensable for economical feeding of such stock. No raln should be fed if it can be avoid ed. It has been the experience of graz ers in the bluegrass region that steers which have lost 50 pounds in weight during the winter finish the grazing period weighing the same as those which made a gain of that amount KEEP LARGER SHEEP FLOCKS High Prleee of Wool and Mutton In duct Western Growers to Increase Number of Animal. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) As a result of high prices of wool and mutton and the value of sheep as weed and waste utilizers, western Irri gation farmers are keeping more and larger flocks. As a rule these farm flocks are of good breeding, many con sisting of purebred animals, their own ers making a specialty of selling pure bred ram lambs to range-country stock men, who do not reserve oreeaing stock from year to year. Several projects are now operating wool pools, the main function of which Is to con centrate the wool in large quantities and develop keener competition among buyers. Combination also favors grad ing and better classifying of wool and allows a small producer to realize greater profits from his sheep-farming operations. 4 ori.l "Johnny Appleseed find his way to thousands of our schools this fall he would see something that would well re pay liiin for all the weary miles be walked planting apple seeds yjrnrs ago. In many states Arbor day comes this fall, but the school children of the coun try promise to make ulmost every day Arbor day this year and duriug the spring of WJO. Hundreds of towns and cities have been entered on the na tional honor roll being compiled by the American Forestry association at Washington. The associa tion hopes to see every young American citizen be come n "Johnny Appleseed, Jr." You remeinher the story of Johnny Appleseed, as they called him. who, many years iigo, went up nnd down tin laud planting apple-tree seeds? That was not his real name, hut that is what he came to be called. Of course a lot of people laughed at him, for there were so many trees then. Many thought him enized. Hut now his idea is taken to be n good one. For many things have happened since the day of Johnny Appleseed. The world war has set our people thinking about many things. One of these things has been the way lumber is being consumed. Then. too. there is the high cost of living that agitates everyone. In many places the planting of nut and fruit trees is advo cated, and a campaign is on to have every victory gardener plant n nut or fruit tree in bis garden or back yard. Another tine opportunity for planting is memorial trees along the motor highways and good roads that are in the process of building. To these calls of the American Forestry associa tion the people of the country nre responding in hearty fashion. So to the school children of the country comes a great chance to enter actively Into the study of outdoor life through the planting of trees. The American Forestry association will send any one a free planting day program and in- structions how to plant a tree. Coming Arbor days are: Georgia, first Friday In December; Hawaii, first Friday in November ; Colo rado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois. Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, -Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Da kota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, Washington and Wyoming all have days set aside by proclamation of the gov ernor; North Carolina. Friday after November 1; Porto Rico, last Friday In November ; Soath Caro lina, third Friday in November; Tennessee, No vember date set by county school superintendents. With this day before us, Charles Lathrop Pack, president of the American Forestry association, sends this message to the school children of the United States: "No finer memorial can be erected by any school or ciass than by the planting of a tree. Every pupil will have a close and Intimate interest in that tree and therefore the school after he leaves. 1 need not attempt to picture what that tree or avenue of trees will mean to the ehtss of 1920 when It comes back to the old school for the class re union In 1940. A space on the campus or a walk near the town can be lined with trees, one for ench member of the class. The American Forestry association Is registering all memorial trees In a national honor roll and urges that all tree planting be reported that It may keep Its rolls complete." What Is Best to Plant Last spring and full hundreds of trees were planted, but much bigger plans have been made 111 a "I" "!' I" 11 I I TJ 'JlhtTJ mi GEU,vcTZ?h'f syj?3rY rrfsranAL flam una tyvjjj, I I""'""r'""-I Z1. 1 v - f SUM'S, ESI lnffAiBJm I aill Vt X t VV MJVO?ML AATy? ATL YYCtffilMG VA ' His Greatect Achievement "Ili'foft you give your answer to this tlotorox boy," said the careful mother, "you must tell me what lie 1ms achieved in the world." "Well, mamma," said the dutiful daughter, "among other things be has achieved a father wbo hu u million dollura, mid M "Illess you. my children, murmured mother. "I've always wanted you to marry an industrious man." Light Thrown on Proper Combinations for Different Purposes Big Aid to Grower. The calculation of rations with the aid of feeding standards and tables will prove both Interesting and profit able, for it will throw much light on the proper combinations of food for different purposes. At the same time it promotes a spirit of Inquiry and close observation on the part of the farmer, which is one of the first re quisites of a successful feeder. for tree planting this year and next. If you are .-r.A..A r u rrcno "ot Planting fruit or nut trees you will want to CALCULATIONS OF HUG rttUO Mu,iy wnat best to plant and here is a list of such trees divided for you by states : New England states, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio. West Virginia, Kentucky, Indl ana, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri and Iowa : Hard wood Sugar maple, Norway maple, scarlet maple, green ash, white ash, American white elm, red oak, white oak, pin oak, American linden, scarlet oak. Evergreen White spruce, Colorado blue spruce, white piue, Scotch pine, bulsam pine, hemlock, arbor vltae. Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, Vir ginia. North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisi ana, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas: Hardwood Tulip, sycamore, plu ouk, white oak, scarlet oak, black oak, red oak. white ash, bald cypress, Nor way maple, scarlet maple, red elm, American white elm, Kentucky coffee tree, American linden, red guin, black gum. hackberry, willow. Evergreen White pine, longleaf pine, magnolia, live oak, cedar of Lebanon. American holly. Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Da kota. Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado. Wyoming, Mon tana and Idaho: Hardwood Bur oak, linden, Nor way maple, green ash, wild cherry, larch, American elm. black walnut, hackberry. honey locust, black locust (less desirable, cottonwood, box elder). Ever greenScotch pine, Austrian pine, white pine. Nor way spruce, Colorado blue spruce, white spruce, red cedar, arbor vltae. New Mexico, Arizona, Utnh and Nevada: Hard wood Huckberry, honey locust, green ash. Ameri can elm, black locust, bur oak, valley cottonwood, mountain cottonwood, mountain ash, box elder. Arbor vltae, deodar ceaar, dox, eu- UVE STOCK NOTES Lambs feeding in corn should never be short on roughage. Salt placed where the sheep may save It when they want It Is essen tial. e e ' For wintering cows or stock steers, tover silage seems to be of decided 'sine. e Stock bogs can be kept thrifty largely en pastures; however,' they will grow slowly without some grain. w it is necessary to have the lusre do harvest work the colt should to leaned, even If he la not more than Utfee months old Evergreen onyiuus. California, Oregon and Washington (coast re Hon) ; Hardwood Large-leaved maple. European linden, sveamore. weeping willow. Evergreen Deodar cedar. Monterey cypress. Monterey pine. California, Oregon and Washington (Columbia Would It Were True! "Ah," said the fucetious culler, ao be found Scrlbson busily pounding his typewriter. "Turning out a little up to-dale fiction?" "Yes," replied Scrlbson. wearily. "I'm Just dashing off a note to my Im portunate grocer telling him that I ex pect to sell a story to the Friday Eve ning Post in a few days." Superfluous Promise. The Lover Promise me, darling, ijint you will never let anyone come between usl Darling's Futher (In the back ground) From what 1 can see of you I don't know, how anyone can 1 for Elevator Man's Jest "The elevator man hus asked more money." j "So?" "Yes. He says he quits going up qnless his salary goes up to." busin) : Hardwood Norway maple, European lin den, sycamore, green ash, silver poplar, Russian poplar, white willow. Evergreen Lawson cypress, bigtree. On the planting of a tree you will want to pro ceed with the greatest care. For the best results, organize a tree-planting program in your town. If there Is no shade-tree commission or city forester, interest yourself in the proposition. In selecting trees for street planting the ! following qualities should be considered In about the order named: Form, hardiness or adaptability, rapidity of growth, shade protection, neatness and beauty. , If there is any doubt on the questiou it is advisable to con sult the state forest commission, the local forester or some other authority who can tell what va rieties are best for a given locality. No general rules, of course, can be given, but in a larger part of the eastern United States it will be found that for narrow streets the red maple, red gum or ginkgo can be recommended ; for wider streets, Norway maple, basswood, horse chestnut or pin oak; and for wide avenues, white elm, white oak, red oak and tulip poplar. Qualities Needed in Street Trees. Street trees should have hurdiness and adapta bility. They, should be vigorous, be able to re cover from mechanical Injuries and be as re sistant as possible against insect attack and dis ease. It Is not desirable to have trees which cast too much shnde, particularly on narrow streets. Houses and sidewalks need sun, even In summer. Deciduous, broadleaved trees are most satisfac tory. Again, the questiou Of neutness should be be considered; and the tiees which will break up the pavement, such us silver nuiples, or those which cover the pavement with then bloom in fhe spring, such as cottonwoods nnd poplars, should ne avoided. Black locust should not be planted because it Is likely to be destroyed by the borei worm. Beech Is a slow grower and casts too dense a shade for any street. Trees planted along a street should be of the same kind, the sume size and uniformly spaced. On narrow streets trees planted every 40 feet . apart, and alternated on opposite shies of the street, will be found sufficiently close. On wider streets they should be from 40 to 60 feet, or even farther apart, the distance being determined partly by the size which the tree Is likely to attain and by other habits. Every tree should have at least six square feet of earth above its roots. It Is more Important thut there be plenty of space where the-pavement ami roadway are paved with concrete than If brick or other loose-Jointed materials are used. Keep the Roots Moist In planting a tree, move as many of the roots as possible. A cloudy day Is better for transplanting a tree than a bright, sunny one. because a bright sun quickly exhausts the stored-up moisture. An important point is In regard to packing the eurth around the roots. They should have close contact with the ground. To do this, fill In around the roots with finely pulverized earth, working it under and around the roots by hand and compact ing It. If the earth Is wettd down as it Is put In. It will make a much better contact. Many trees which are unsulted for one reason or another for s sidewalk are most attractive and ornamental in a park or on a lawn. The beech, for instance, which has no value for street planting. makes a beautiful lawn tree; either the native or the European species may be planted. The sour or black gum grows under most adverse clrcum stances, but apparently is not well suited toi street planting, although as an oramental tree It deserves a place. Purchase trees from a reliable nursery ; beware of tree peddlers. Choose healthy, well-formed trees. Trees two or three Inches In diameter and ten or twelve feet high are large enough for any purpose. Where smuller trees can be used they generally give better results, because the root Hvstein is less disturbed bv transplanting. Do not expose the roots to the sun, wind or frost. Keep wet blankets or canvas wrapped tightly about the roots until the tree Is ready to be set out ; then plant with the least possible delay. . Trim off any broken, torn or Injured roots. Use a sharp pruning knife and make a clean, smooth cut- Remove all broken branches and cut back one-half to four-fifths of- the previous year's branch growth. The size of the top must be pro portioned to the size of the root system or the roots will be unable to supply sufficient water and food for satisfactory growth. Forest-grown trees . have poor root systems and , must be severely pruned by removing the greater part of the side branches. Never cut back the main stem or leader. , Dig Wide, Deep Holes. Dig wide, deep holes. Trees become root-bound and make poor growth or die if the roots are cramped or twisted. The holes should be a foot or two 'Wider and deeper than is needed to ac commodate' the roots. For street trees, the hole should be about twice as large as the root system actually requires. Partly fill the hole with rich loam and pack it down well. If poor soil must be used, mix with well-rotted manure. Green or partly decomposed manure will burn the roots and must not be used. Do not plant the tree too deep. The upper root should He only an Inch or two deeper in the . soil than they grew originally. Spread out the roots in their natural position and work soil around them, a little at a time, compacting it firm ly with the fingers or a pointed stick. Occasion ally tamp It with the foot so that no-air spaces remain. Also see that the stem of the tree Is kept perfectly vertical. Now water the soil generously. The final Inch or two of soil should be left fine and loose over the top of the hole to act as a mulch. After planting, the tree should be staked to prevent It from swaying In the wind and growing crooked. The stake should be long enough to support the trunk for two-thirds the height of the tree. Trees exposed to traffic, horses and children should be protected by suitable wooden or metal guards.. In case any Injury to the young tree re sults, apply tree surgery methods at once. Shallow cultivation of the soil for three feet around the tree is beneficial during the first few years Of growth. Loosen the top soil with a spade or hoe several times during the season to keep down weeds nnd grass. During the hot, dry sum mer months watering should be done not oftener than twice a week. Tree planting should form a permanent part of the Improvement program in every city and town In the United States. It should not be undertaken In a temporary or haphazard manner; but It should receive the constant thought and attention of those who are interested in making the community at tractive and at the same time in adding to the future timber resources of the United States. It must be remembered that what is done in one city or two serves as an Inspiration to others. Let us keep In mind a thought of future so well expressed In the poem by Lucy Larcom, who said : "He who plants a tree, He plants love. Tents of coolness spreading out above, Wayfarers he may not live to see." So In honoring loved ones let us of the present look to the future and by memorial tree planting make this a better country In which to live, which, after all. is all the memorial those loved ones ask. Yet what a memorial, if It be accomplished 1 Sidewalk Humor, Tedestrian Hey, mister, you're los ing something. Autolst What Is It? Pedestrian The pleasure of : m company In your auto. Judge, HANDICAPPED. "You're always complaining- of colds and rheumatism. I wouldn't care so much if you only had some fashionable disease." "I wouldn't care either, hut for two things. I haven't got the price and I can't pronounce their names.' Unrest, 1 cannot we how It will pay i Qr beep .ma In temper serene If I work only eight hours a And worry the other sixteen. day. . v Woman's Way. "Why don't you ask your husband's advice?" "I Intend to, my dear, just as sood as I've made up my mind what M do." - Spiteful. Young Jobbles has bought a rakish roadster. It's spltework, I fear." "How so?" asked the other. "The money spent for that car was Intended for a bungalow. Young Job bles wants to show the girl In the case that he has no Intention of pro posing a second time." , Worse. Wife Well. dear, since you com plain of the high charges at the sea side. I'll go to the mountains this sum mer. Huh No. no! Even the air yon breathe would be higher there. Eating at High Prices. "1 presume you are putting a little something by for a rainy duy?" "No. I'd rather take a chance on vetting wet tomorrow and have some thins to eat today." His Something Near. "He hasn't changed his occupation except in degree." "How so?" . "He used to he a bnnk-runner, and now he Is a walking delegate." Sense of Human Responsibility. "Didn't Hamlet say something about being born to set things right?" "I believe so," said the maD who doesn't care for poetry. "You meet so muny people who feel Ihnt way about public affairs and simply succeed In making matters worse." Cured. ' "One of our little pigs was sick, so I gave hlra some sugar." "Sugar! What for?" , "For medicine. of- coarse. " Ha rent ' tou heard of sugar-cured hums?" .1 i M 4 . i i -bv 7"' ft . i V. d . ; tit" I'W w v , .TV i .' i. . jr . 'IS; vii'' J,;v(' if1, V N . i