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Friday, November 7, 191$.
THE PIOCHE RECORD IBIS BEING DECT ACTION MAY END GOALSTRIKE lilt FOR RAIL ACTION -1 m FARMERS CONGRESS OPPOSED TO STRIKE Conflicting TJioughts J C IS ASKS HARRIED BY TURKS , - 4 . : s t , X i' i A i a : r Mir ... i. " - IV. k-r! 3 V -.1 AY8 CALAMITY FACES THB NATION IF CONGRESS DELAYS LEGISLATION. Advise Colleague That He Has. Good Reason to Believe President Will Return Roads to Owner Even Without Solon' Action. INJUNCTIONS WILL BE SOUGHT AGAIN8T STRIKE LEADERS BITUMINOUS REGIONS. IN Washington. Senator Cumrnln of Iowa, chairman of the senate inter Mate commerce committee, told the M'lmte on Monday ho had good reason to believe the president Intended to carry out th threat lie made last De--emhcr to return the railroads to the owner on Januury 1, IITJO, regardless of whether congress had by that time parsed adequate railroad legislation. Such an action by the president, Senator Cummins declared, would re mit In "a firwuicial catastrophe." He declared the situation so meaning that he proposed within a short time to move to sidetrack the peace treaty In the hope of getting the railroad bill enacted at the present session of con gress. "I have good reason to believe that the president has not changed his pur pose to return the railroads on Janu ary 1," 6ald Senator Cummins. "Nor would anyone criticize the president with much severity, because we have liad ample opportunity to prepare pro per railroad legislation. Hut it will bring a calamity from which we can not escape If the roads are returned without adequate legislation. You will witness a financial catastrophe. It la our bounden duty to pass before this session ends the legislation we think is necessary to meet the situation." Unscrupulous Operator Who Take Advantage of Present Crisis to Raise Prices are to be Dealt With by the Government. JARBIDGE 8WEPT BY FIRE. Washington. The government has determined upon '"direct action" to end the coal strike by carrying its tight to avert a fuel famine into the indi vidual Mate affected by the walkout. Injunctions similar to that obtained at Indianapolis, restraining the nation al representatives of the mine workers from strike activities will be Bought by the attorney general against local leaders and agitators In the bituminous regions Involved In the strike. Attor ney (leneral Palmer has addressed a telegram to all the I'nited States dis trict attorneys In the country to re port Immediately any action "by two or more persons" to carry forward the strike. These reports will be made the basis of the new ' injunction suits planned by the attorney general. Cognizance of unscrupulous opera tors and dealers who take the present crisis as an opportuity to profiteer Is taken In the attorney general's tele gram. They are not to be spared, he declares war prices of coal have been restored and they are to be rigidly ob served, his Instruction rend. Labor does not contemplate any gen eral strike nor sympathetic strike he cause of Its repugnance against the action of the federal government in seeking an injunction at Indianapolis to prevent the coal strike. It was learned authoritatively Saturday at the American Federation of Labor. STRUGGLE IS ON III SOFT GOAL CENTER COURT ORDERS MEN TO STAY ON THE JOB, BUT FAILS TO PREVENT WALKOUT. Labor Laders Denounce Court's Action as Violation of Constitutional Rights and Declare Men are More -Determined to Win. Early Morning Blaze Destroys Portion ' of Nevada Camp. Twin nam, luano. ueports were received here Monday, of the destruc tion by fire of practically the entire business district of Jarbldge, Nev. The tire is reported to have originated In the, Success bar at 3 o'clock Monday morning. Fifteen business houses and residences are said to have been de stroyed, the loss being estimated at about 130,000. Most, of the places destroyed were former saloons, now operating as soffi drink and pool establishments and rooming houses. All were of frame construction. r' Children Help In Mercy Work. Washington. How faithfully Ameri can school children did their bit to ward winning the war is revealed In the final accounting of the war com ell of the American Red Cross, which shows that during the twenty months ending February 28, last, members of the Junior Red Cross produced 15, 722,073 relief articles to an aggregate value of $10,152,401. This was over tenth of the total Red Cross chapter production of these necessities. DRIVER SHOT IN THE BACK. Pershing's Former Chauffeur Victim of Tragedy In New Mexico. El Paso, Texas. Four men and four women are being held, charged with murder, at Las Cruces, N. M., forty five miles north of El Paso, in connec tion with the death of John T. Huteh- lngs of Alaimogordo, N. M., who was Shot and fatally wounded while pilot ing an automobile in the El Paso- Phoenlx cross-country race near Lan ark, N. M., sixteen miles west of here. Hutchlngs was shot In the back, a bullet penetrating the automobile seat and lodging near the base of his spine. His motor car Was traveling" forty five miles an hour at the time. Oliver Lee, Uutchlng's mechanician. said he had heard six shots. Merrymaker Killed at Crossing. Philadelphia. Fourteen members of a halloween party, including two wo men, are dead as a result of a crash between a Pennsylvania railroad train and a large motor truck which was bringing thirty-six inasqueraders from an evening party at BUUngsport, to their homes' here. f National Guard Plan Lagging. 'Washington. Only 29 per cent of the total authorised strength of the national guard has been raised, accord ing to reports to the war department -from units extended federal recogni tion. The enlisted strength for all states of the national guard as al lowed by the congressional approprl- . atlon for the year 1020 is 120,109, and the present enlisted strength la shown as only 36,039. MOSES AM NDMENT E TO PACT REJECTED LAST OF FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE PROPOSALS DIS POSED OF BY SENATE. WHOLESALE BUTCHERY OF HELPLESS PEOPLE CHARGED BY VISITOR TO AMERICA. Declare That Armenians Are at th Mercy of Turks and Tartars, Who Murder Men and Carry off Women to Slavery. CHARGES THAT SHORT WORK DAY AND WAGE DEMANDS ARE ALLIES OF PROFITEERS National Congress Members on Recoty aa Pledging Helping Hand to Labor, But Condemning Radical Element. Forty-six Proposed Amendments Hav ing Been Disposed of, Final Action Upon Pact May Be Had in Near Future. Ashe Thrown on Water. Avalon, Santa Catalina, Cal. The ashes of the late W. C. Boschen of New York, famous asfa sword fish angler, were thrown on the waves twelve miles from Avalon, Sunday, by Captain George C. Farnsworth, his former boatman. WILLIAM Z. FOSTER .'. Put Ban on Ripe Olive.. Columbus, Ohio. As a result of seven deaths at Canton, Ohio, recently, and five fatalities at Detroit, from eating ripe olives, the state dairy and food department and the state depart ment of health has warned citizens against eating ripe olives and warned dealers against selling them until fur ther notice. Hearing of Wet Petition Postponed. Chicago. The hearing on a petition filed by the "wets" asking for a tem porary injunction to restrain federal officials from Interfering with the sale of liquors by enforcing of the war time prohibition act, has been post . poned. Thwart Attempt to Wreck Train. Chicago. 'What police authority. believe was a deliberate attempt to wreck a Gary and Iuterurban special train carrying 100 steel workers to the Gary, Ind., mills was frustrated Monday night Indianapolis. The strike of the bi tumiuous miners went Into effect Frl- uay night, uctoiier ji.iii nice or a ourt order forbidding the strike. An order was issued by Federal .ludge A. I. Anderson of the United States district court of Indiana for bidding the wnlkout a restraining or der to stdp engineering of the strike by union leaders. No "hist word" or other messages to the members of the union could be Issued by the execu tive board or officers of the organiza tion, and they only smiled grimly when this fact was brought to their atten tion. The principal leaders In the miners' union met the courts action with de nunciation as a "violation of constitu tlonal rights," declarations that it came too late to reach their men with a countermanding order, and with pre dictions that it would be disregarded auyway. President Gompers of the Aineiicau Federation of Labor, with Vice Fresl dent Woll and Secretary Morris, pro tested as a delegation to Attorney Ueneral Palmer against the govern ment's action In suing out the injunc tion, and predicted thut it could "only result in creating new and more dis turbing Issues which may mot be con fined solely to the miners." Attorney General Palmer emphasized to the labor leaders that the govern ment's injunction was In no wise an In fringement of the working man's light to strike, but that it was a lawful pro cess again! a calamity to the country. He pointed out that the injunction had been Issued for the government acting for all the people and not for the em plovers acting in conflict with their employees. The attorney general declined to predict what would be done If the min ers fulled to heed the federal court's order, pointing out that the court It self Initiates means to deal with those who disregard Its mandates. United States troops began arriving In some of the mining districts ready to take part In keeping order and pro tecting those miners who wished to continue at work. The extent and full nature of the troop movements were not disclosed, but it was apparent that the war department was acting on a carefully worked-uut plan to be ready If the locnl or state authorities re inforced by federal deputy marshals were unequal to the situation. Washington. The forty-six amend ments attached to the peace treaty passed Into history on October 29, when the last survivor, a proposal by Senator Moses, Republican, New Hampshire, to revise the voting strength in the league of nations, was defeated In the senate, 47 to HO. The senate then upset two more proposed textual changes brought in by individual senators. One, present ed by Senator Sherman, Republican, Illinois, and proposing to write into the treuty .preamble a reference to the deity, was laid on me table by a vote of 57 to 27. The other, sponsored by Senator Johnson, Republican, Califor nia, as a new solution for voting in equality in the league, was killed, 43 to 35. Before adjournment, however, the proposul to hasten final action had been brought up against nn obstacle which seemed likely to prevent fur ther progress for several days. A determined group of senators will launch a fight to eliminate the labor section, opening a debate which will last, leaders expect, for a week. The battle Is expected to be the more spir ited because it is regarded as holding out whatever hope remains of writing any amendments Into the treaty. Nine Republicans Joined the Demo crats in overthrowing the Moses amendment, which provided that none of the British dominions should vote In any league controversy directly af fecting any one of them. Three Dem ocrats voted with the Republicans sup porting It. New York. I'lton hi arrival here, Miran Sevalsy, representative in the United States of the Armenian nation al delegation, asserted that "the be trayal of Armenia constitutes the most cowardly act In the annuls of history." "The condition in Armenia continues to be precarious." he said. "The Ar menians are still at the mercy of tho Turks and Tartars without any effec tive protection from the allied powers, except it be in southern Armenia, bor dering the Mediterranean, where there are French and British troops. Turkey Is taking advantage of the present rivalry of the powers as she has been doing for the last one hun dred years, to give the finishing touch to her policy of Armenian Christian extermination. England does not want to act, by reason, It seems, of her Ii dian policy. "There are already in this country representatives of the Armenian re public of the trans-Caucasus, and the plenipotentiary of the Armenian na tlminl delegation of Paris, who have come to state their case to the govern nient of the I'nited States and to con gress. Let their presence among us become n symbol of arousing the pul lic to u truer sense of Its duties townrd this deserving notion which has a claim unon American, and which the latter truly acknowledges. "I would like to add lone word. There are about two hundred thousand Ar menian girls and women sequestered by the Turks and other barbarians, and not a single Turk has as yet been hanged for the wholesale butcheries of these innocent and defenseless Armen ians, whereas German officers are Do ing haled before military tribunals In France for having violated the laws of war." Hugerstown, Md. The bhort work day and the "ever Increasing wages demanded by Industrial labor," were ibtiared to be "allies of the profiteer in keeping up the high cost of living," In a resolution adopted Thursday by the Farmers' National congress at it concluding session. The congress alga went on record as opposed to "all strikes." The resolution expressing opposition to organized labor's method was adopt ed over the protests of a small min ority of wrought-up farmers, who withdrew from the congress after the vote on the resolution. Speakers for this minority raised a furore throughout the convention hall luring consideration of the resolution and declared that all organized labor was engaged in a struggle for Its just rights and should have the full sym pathy and support of the farmers of America. "We know that the forty-four-honr week cannot feed the world and we proclaim that It cannot clothe It," the resolution further declared. Those who advocate the short day In Indus try, the resolution added, should not expect the farmer to work "six hours before dinner and six hours after, with before-breakfast and after-supper chores thrown In." While pledging a helping hand to "honest organized labor," . the resolu tion condemned the "treason of false . leaders, who for pay and price would scuttle the ship of state and rear the red flag of Bolshevism over the ranks of an outraged and fallen republic." In declaring opposition to "ail strikes," the congress went on record as favoring a federal board of arbltia tlon that would give both capital and labor a "square deal." STILL HOPE FOR SETTLEMENT. COAL PRICES ARE FIXED. Government Working for Mediation and Expects Early Agreement. Washington. The government is hopeful of bringing the bituminous coul strike to a speedy termination and is aiding negotiations which may lead the miners' leaders to accept Presi dent Wilson's proposal for the appoint ment of a commission to settle the dispute between the miners and opera tors. In such a consummation the govern ment Is declared to have the co-operation of Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and Warren S. Stone, president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Engineers. FAMOUS WRITER CALLED. Mrs. Ella Wheeler Wilcox Succumb at New England Home. New Haven, Conn. Mrs. Ella Wheel er Wilcox, author and poetess, died at her home, "The Bungalow," in Bran ford, October 30. Mrs. Wilcox had been ill for some months, having had a nervous collupse while engaged In war relief work In England. Dying Motorman Save Passengers. Edgewater, N. J. A dying motor- man's last act was to apply the brakes to his car lest It coast down a preci pitous incline on the Hudson Palisades and kill thirty passengers. Thrown from their seats by the sudden stop ping of the car, the passengers found the motorman, Alexander Rabb, dead from heart disease. The car had stopped on the edge of the precipice. Maximum Prices Prevailing Last Sum mer Are Restored. Washington. An executive order fixing maximum prices for bitumin ous coal was signed . October 31 by President Wilson. Prices of anthra cite are not affected. The maximum prices restored by the order are approximately those prevail ing during the summer and until re cent rises owing to the threatened strike. There Is no material reduction from the present prices, officials of the geological survey said. The object of the order was tQ prevent profiteer ing or Increase. Maximum prices are fired by states. and for prepared sizes range from $4.00 a net ton at mine mouth to $2.00. DR. .HARRY A. GARFIELD A Reserve of Veterans Advocated. Washington. A volunteer force of officers and men who served In the great war, so organized as to preserve war-time designations of units, was proposed to the mlljtary committees of congress on Saturday by General Pershing as the basis for a permanent reserve to be maintained In future by universal service. Emperor Review Navy. ' : Toklo. After reviewing the entire navy in an Imposing display, the em peror issued a message to the fleet on .Wednesday congratulating It upon Its showing. Honor War Heroe. Paris. Notwithstanding the snow and cold weather, reports reaching Paris from the provinces say large crowds attended the ceremonies held Saturday to honor those who died on the battlefield. y .; William Z. Foster, secretary In nam and field marshal In fact of the stool trlke. Foster was born in Taunton, Mas., of English, Irish and Scotch blood. He ha written much on trad unionism, political economy, present day condition and their remedies, and similar subject. FAVORS SMALLER PEACE ARMY General Pershing Says 300,000 Men Can Fill the Bill. Washington. Dissenting In many important respects from the program recommended by the war department ' and the general staff, General .Persh ing told the military committee of con gress Friday that 300,000 men, raised entirely by voluntary enlistment. should be the outside figure consid ered for a standing army. lie favored universal military train ing to provide an emergency reserve, but thought general educational work should be. combined with it and mili tary discipline "somewhat relaxed," so that the system would be In complete harmony with democratic institutions. lie fixed six months as the' training period. , , Commandant Take His Life. Annapolis, Md. Lieutenant-Colonel Duncan. Elliott, commandant of cadets at St. John's college, this city, com ; "mltted suicide Sunday by shooting himself lu the head. He had been in ill health for some time. Pre-war Rat Bill Adopted. i Washington. The conference report on the bill restoring the pre-war rate making powers of the Interstate com merce commission was adopted by the aenate. The measure now goes to the president. ., . . . , ' Tramway Men Vote to Strike. Denver. Trainman employed by the Denver Tramway company, at' a meet ing Sunday, voted to strike as soon as authority to do so can be secured from - national union officials ' in Detroit. . Silver Coin Reduced. Mexico City. A new silver coinage for Mexico of a peso containing twelve grams of silver Is provided for In a decrei signed October 20 at Quere taro by President Carranzn, and which will be published here. - ?.v.v tjjv of ai Dr. Harry A, Garfield, who ha been recalled to his position a fuel admin. istrator, in the government's fight against the coal strike. Use Money of Varied Colors. Budapest MaDy kinds of money are in circulation in this city. Blue money, that is, the money of the Austro-Hun-garlan bank, is on hand in very lim ited quantities. Then there is good white money with a ten per cent dis count, and bad white money that is worth only one-fifth of Its face value. Finally, there is green inuney, the five-crown notes of the state savings bank, with a thirty per cent discount. Curb exchanges have been formed where these moneys change hands la great quantities. la Prohibition Causing Radicalism? New York. Prohibition is largely responsible for the "alarming increase" of radicalism In the United States, ac cording to a statement by the Associa tion Opposed to National Prohibition, This charge, It was asserted. Is founded on an "investigation of conditions In eleven western states." Yudenitch Army Still Advancing. tieistngrors. . The latest reports from the army of General Yudenitch declare that he is steadily advancing on the entire front before Petrograd and the south, his right flank being runy protected as the result of the progress made by the Esthonluns. Britons Greet Spanish King. London. Alfonso XIII of Spain was enthusiastically greeted in London Thursday when he passed through the heart of the city on his way to at tend a luncheon given by the Spanish chamber of commerce. Grand Army Chief Dies. New York. Colonel James D. Bell, commander-in-chief of the Grand Array of the Republic, died November 1 at his home in Brooklyn. He was 74 years old. Colonel Bell's death was due to hardening of the urteries. He had been 111 for less than a week. Parson to Make Exhibition Flights- Mineola, N. Y. Lieutenant Belvln W. Muynard, the "flying parson," who was the first aviator to finish In the army's recent transcontinental race, has left for the south, where he will do some exhibition flying. Would Ban Near Beer, Newark, N. J. The Liquor Dealers' association has voted to ask brewers to discontinue the manufacture of "near beer," declaring It "an outrage to ask decent people to drink It." Redf ield Retires from Cabinet. Washington. William C. Redfield on Friday retired as secretary of com merce after serving for six and a half years as a member of President Wil son's cabinet. He will return to his home In Brooklyn.. Witness Held for Conspiracy. Chicago. On a churge of "conspir Ing to violate postal laws," Paul W Hyde of Chicago, a witness In the Pan Motor trial, was held to a grand Jury by Federal Judge Landls. The bonds were fixed at $10,000. Horn Guilty of Dynamiting. Frederlcton, N. B. Warner Horn was found guilty on the charge that he dynamited the Canadian end of the International bridge at St. Croix, N. B., February 2, 1915. The Jury was out only thirteen minutes. Military Control In Wyoming. , Cheyenne. Brigadier General Ben jainlu A. Poore, commander of Fort 1. A. Russell, Suturday Issued a proc lamation assuming "military control" of the state of Wyoming because of the coal miners' strike. Bomb Explosion In Japanese Capital, Toklo. A, bomb was exploded out side the foreign office her st.mi.. No fatalities resulted from the explo- sion, wmcn coincided with a celebra tion In' honor of the emperor's birth day.. Vancancies in West Point Roll. Washington. More than 300 vacan cies remain In the list of candidates for admission to West Point for the term beginning June,-1920, the war de partment announced. Sage Estate Near Fifty Million. New York. Mrs. Russell Sage left in estate with a gross va'.ue of IN9' 051.045, according to a report of the. state appraiser Just Issued. The prin cipal Individual beneficiary l J,rs Sage's brother. Government May Buy Ra.lroad. Ottawa, Out. The bill providing the purchase of the Grand Trunk rail way by the government passed tht committee stage In the house of com mons and on Monday It will be gi" Its third reading.