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KING OF THE BELGIANS ADDRESSING THE HOUSE
7! q 3 II IS m OBDWOOD U lu greater demand than ever before in the history of the country. Years ago every, body burned wood a a matter of course, but the number of people In that I day was small compared with the population of the United Stut' now. In those olden times peo ple would have been aghast at the thought of paying $8 or $10 a cord for firewood. Yet these prices, and een higher ones, have been charged lu ma. cities the lust two seasons. When cola m eat tier approached and no coul hud beeu put Into the cellars, great num bers of people turned to the wood yards and to the farmers advertising wood as a last resort. Fuel commis sions have advised the burning of wood, pointing out that a cord of the best quality hardwood, thoroughly sea- oned, lias the same potential fuel vulue as a ton of anthracite couLt Moreover, It is decidedly more eco-; mimical for heating purposes during the early fall and late spring, wheu , only temporary flres are required. Also wood ashes have a definite value as i fertilizer. j That the farmers of the country i helped materially In conserving coul in ' luis by substituting wood as fuel is, shown by the bureau of crop estimates of the department of agriculture. Anjf average of 11.5 cords of wood, or a to-1' tnl of 77,092,000 cords, was burned on ; the farms of the cout try during 11)18. ' The total production of. cord wood dur-J ing the year, which Includes wood I burned on farms "and that sold by 't farmers to city dwellers, amounted to approximately 102,903,000 cords.. The average farm value In 1918 was 73 cents a cord. Upon the basis' of estl-i mates for 1918 the farm fuel-wood crop Is one of the important crops "of tt,,i n,n I...... I. ,.. C I we xuiuj, luaBuiui'u us uuiy uve crops - corn, wheat, oats, rye and cotton ex ceeded It In value In 1916. In the utilisation of the forests of the country, Including farm woodlands, a great deal of wood material is pro duced which cannot find a use other tnan as fuel. While some of It Is used years. It Is Important to know how for acid wood, charcoal, etc., most of much wood there Is In the country. On It Is left for fuel or wasted. Since rarms alone the total area Is approxl niany of the trees In our forests are fit mutely 143,392,000 acres. The first tier only for fuel, they will not be cut un- of states Just west of Mississippi has a less there Is a demand for fuel wood. : great deal of timber. In the West the Improvement cuttings, which take the wooded areas are for the most part small, diseased, or defective trees, cant restricted to the mountains. An aver profitably be made use of only lu case' age of ten cords an acre, which seems there Is such a demand. Thinnings can ; reasonable, would give one and one frequently be made to pny for them- j hclf billions of cords for the region selves, If the material is used for fuel. I east of the Mississippi. At the aver- Sometimes products of thinnings can ' ace rate of consumption on the farm be used for other purposes than fuel, Itself, 12.6 cords a year, 7d9 corus but more often they cannot. As proper j will last 58 years. On the average this thinnings and Improvement cuttings ; would be ample time to replace the are a great stimulus to Increased pro-; stands and thus continue the supply in duction and at the same time improve definitely. , . the quality of the timber, a fuel wood i The great demand for fuel wood demand opens up a great opportunity I Und the high prices during the winter for forest improvement and, If wide-! 0f 1917-18 brought out plainly the 1 spread and continued, will produce a j adequacy of the cord for measuring vast total effect for the better in the j wood. The purchaser of fuel wood character and quality of our forest re-1 buys it not for Its bulk but for Its Albert, king of the beigluns, was enthusiastically gre.-ted by congress on the occuslon of his fonuul visit to the senate and house,, The photograph shows him addressing the house of representatives. GERMANY'S NEW FIGHTING MEN IN TRAINING V r V t JL ZOAD Of 'S2VV2 ' WOOD ' Members of the German voluuteer corps doing their running exercises during a recent tournameut held Berlin. Germany's new army is Bmall, but nothing is being overlooked in making It one of the best trained. In LEADS IN ROOSEVELT SUBSCRIPTION MRS. OLIVER HARRIMAM sources. The great bulk of wood-fuel supply heating value, which depends not upon the volume of wood but upon Its In farming regions should come from j weight. A pound of dry wood of one thinnings and improvement cuttings on species has about tne same nuraoer oi farm woodlands. Except under stress heat units as a pound of any other of emergency, trees which will produce species ; but a cord, assuming the same .lumber or other material of higher aolld volume of wood In each case (90 value than cordwood should not be cut cubic feet), or Dasswooa, ior instance, for fuel. Trees which are better suit- yields but 12,000,000 British thermal ed for fuef than for any other purpose. ; units, while a cord of black locust whose removal will be of benefit to yields 25,000,000 British thermal units, the remaining stand, are : Sound stand-, A better way to sell fuel would be lng and down dead trees ; trees dis-'( i,y weight, which Is entirely Independ ent or seriously injured by Insect at- ent of species, shape or size of sticks, tacks ; badly fire-scarred trees ; crook-! or of method of piling, hnd is a very ed and large-crowned short-boled trees good measure of the fuel value of which will not make good lumber and thoroughly seasoned w'ood. Green which are crowding or overtopping wood, of course, varies considerably In others : trees which have been overtop- j water content, and therefore in fuel ped by others and their growth stunt-! value, by the unit weight, and natural ed; trees of the less valuable species ty would be sold at a price different where they are crowding more valuable ; from that of dry wood. If weight In ones like beech, black oak, birch, hard stead of volume is adopted as the maple, white oak, or white pine; slow- standard measure, It will be necessary growing trees which are crowding fast- to fix certain standards as to time of growing species of equal value. j seasoning of wood offered for sale. On many farms former pastures have Coal has been so generally used become overgrown with red cedar, ' lately and furnaces and stoves have Rruy birch, aspen, pine or other trees. : become so adapted to its use that it The trees came In slowly and through neglect were allowed to steul much of the pasture. If fuel is to be cut some where on the farm, such land as' this hnuld be drawn upon first of all and redeemed by removing all the trees and restoring the land to grass. Also, uncleared corners of fields or patches "f agricultural land within the border seems Impractical to many to burn wood without going to great expense. Such Is not usually the case, as simple adjustments will allow wood to be used with coal-burning equipment. The size of the firebox, of course, gives the greatest difnculty.'slnce In many cases It mav mnV It necessary tp cut the wood Into cry small blocks. This troti of the wood lot may be cut clean, the ' ble, however, is not insurmouutiuue wooil i.sort fn fiiol nml th land nnd is not as expensive as it might eventually farmed. The expense of seem. The matter of adjusting the clearing Is thus largely or entirely met drafts and arranging the grates Is sim- by the value of the fuel thus produced. ; pie. With the increased use of wood fuel. A coul-bun.lng stove can be ; convert which is likely to continue for several ed into a wood-burnmg stoe b re moving the firebrick and substituting lighter bricks at a cost of about $1.25. Most country cook stoves can burn wood without much trouble. If a stove grate Is too coarse for wood, r. sheet Iron cover over a good part of the sur face will make It suitable, or a few fire bricks can be Used. Wood grates n.ade In two pieces are sold, which can be Inserted throueh 'the firedoor and placed on top of the regular grates. Where a fireplace is available wood can be used to good advantage, afford ing both heat and ventilation. Its value is to supplement the furnace, al though It may replace the furnace In fall and spring with decided economy. It Is not generally realized that a wood fire can be kept burning night and day In a fireplace with very little attention and wth smilll consumption of wood. One user reports continuous, use of it fireplace In this way for over a month, with dry chestnut wood, where the amount of ashes formed by a month's use was not , enough to require re moval. . The secret of fireplace management is a plentiful supply of ashes, kept at the level of the andirons. As the blocks burn, an accumulation of glow ing charcoal forms in the ashes. . This keeps on burning slowly and assists in Igniting the fresh blocks on the .and irons. A pocket may be formed In the ashes Into which the hot charcoal may fall, forming a heat storage. Two or I three blocks on the andirons with the hot charcoal in the ashes will form an excellent fire. To check the fire, ashes are shoveled over one or niDre of the blocks, covering lightly all burning wood. ' This will not put out the fire; it will only check the rate of burning, so that red charcoal will be foocd when the ashes are removed for the addition of fresh fuel. Another point worth bearing In mind In connection with the burning of wood in place of coal is the difference In the amount of ash produced. A cord of hardwood will make only about 60 pounds of ashes, while a ton of hard coal will make from 200 to 00 pounds. Since, however, potash Is now greatlj in demand, the quantity which may he obtained from wood ash Is worth con sideration ; the ashes of coal, of rnnrse. yield no potash. Stove ashes contain from 10 to 15 per cent of tho valuable fertilizer potash. The pres ent nrlee of commercial potash, about 25 cents a pound, or $500 a ton, almost prohibits its use as a fertilizer. It Is inmoitant always to keep wood ashes under cover, us they leach rapidly if allowed to become dump. New ashes should be allowed to cool before they are dumped on the ash heap. I 'jv''' t'&&b- i t ' v y ' -A - w- - I l-itiH- 1 - - ,,f 5a ' if v- fw? : ! .H NT''' 'V fin;, .. .rd ,1,4 ;:: h: There was ;at,i hi natient. languidly. "Yes. of a' longTne of waiting ! course you would know It Now. how Easy Diagnosis. "" : " .....,! fn,m nnti-t ...i t a jn.inv'i nni; nave you uuccu vkiicuis Hiinn ill, niifrmi inr m n. i ' i v i - r - office, but he didn't seem to core for "Well, let's see. i .D..er. . -w that. And his nonchalance was soon In 1912." That fixed the date and he iustlfied. for the assistant came out, doctor was fie to go ahead the looked the patients over and snld to case.-Cleveland Tlaln ueaier. wis tardy arrival: "You' are next." was his air nf nrosnerltv that sot lm this favor, for he had never been there before. In the office the physician peeted him cordially, too. He exam ed him gently, deftly, briefly. Then W: "Ahl Dyspepsia." "I know lt,- . Accompanying. One is most grateful to see from the circulars of the great schools of -i,. fht the art of accompaniment s at 'last to receive that recognition Vhlch it has long been denied. How many teachers notice It In their work? Very few recognize its utility, iney are all out to provide show pieces, or solos. " Yet If you can put a son down before a player feeling that he will do Justice to It. and thereby help the singer, the value of such skill is much greater than the ability to play a solo: and if you cau transpose, tone up or down, your earning equip ment In the musical world Is greatly Increased. For general purposeu Jhls branch of music is the most useful of alL Exchange. The town of Roswell, Ga the home of Martha Bulloch, mother of Theo- core Koosevelt, now leads in the contest for subscriptions to establish a per manent Roosevelt memorial. Roswell has a population of 1,500 and ?00 was the amount allotted by the committee as Its share. The subscription now exceeds $8,000, or one-tenth of the quota for the entire state of Georgia. This photograph shows Bulloch hall, the home of Roosevelt's mother, , ' ' DIXIE AND THE ORIENT IN WASHINGTON Xi. - t-v. ... - ,1.,,rrtAi,iMawvfcAtM Latest pliotograph of Mrs. Oliver Harrlman, chalnnan of the women's council of the League of Nations asso ciation. ' ' ' ' A Literal Sky Pilot The circuit rider and sky pilot of old are giving place to a modern anrl more literal sky pilot, who promise to take up their work and carry It on more widely than they could ever have hoped.. Mrs. Cora Wilson Stew art of Frankfort, KyM chairman of ibe Illiteracy commission of her state, ar rived in New York recently to pur chase an airplane, which, she an nounced, would be the first of n fleet to curry on the work of the commis sion. There are many people lt mountain fastnesses whom it has bee impossible to reach even with auto mobiles or mules, she said hence tw airplanes, by which, it was thought the whole territory in which the com mission is interested could be covered In one-twentieth of the time now rs- quired. . Photograph of Patricia Koo. daughter of Wellington Koo, Chinese nmbas sador to the United States, at Washington, and her "mammy," Martha Robert son. Deprived of her own mother by the Influenza epidemic last year, Putrtcla i finds a loving guardian in this daughter of Dixie. t Information. . The automoblllst stopped and Inqnlr ed of a man seated on his doorstep, "How do you get to Somervllley "Qh, we have a car and Just d-lv over." -vt ! tho ttnexjted djr. .