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The Pioche record. [volume] (Pioche, Nev.) 1908-1925, December 26, 1919, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091349/1919-12-26/ed-1/seq-7/

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, December 26, 1919.
tm nmn r m i m
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. MIL. IS i
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Turks' Finances
Basically Sound
Impression to Contrary Before
War Said to Have Been
Artificially Created.
Revenue Shown to Be Already Ade
quate to Conduct the Old Govern,
ment Large Suma Squan
dered on Harema and
I lerr I lohenzolleru, once emperor of the Germans. nioveU Into his recently bought residence In Holland,
of Doom, the other day. Some of the vans contain ing his belongings are here seen about to unload.
- ..- .......... v vsstliStS iiv;-rn,CT I
A novel Idea In Americanization methods, sponsored by some of the leading figures in the American music
d, Is that of teaching aliens the love of their adopted country by means of proper music. At Greenwich house,
(arrow street. New York city, no less tjhnn fifteen different nationalities sing in a "melting pot," where the good
!c of the Land of the Free brings clean thoughts and undermines the "red" and radical propaganda that the
lies of organized government try to force Into the m inds of our coming generation.
Con .tuutliiople. Aiuei lean expeits
who liMve Investlgateil the financial
condition ot the former Ottoiuau em
pire say they are convinced that it Is
fundamentally sound. Several con
siderations are advanced to BUpport
this conclusion.
First, It la stated that the popular
jMlnt of view that Turkey was bank
rupt before the war was partly cre
ated nrtitielallly for the benefit of for
eign financial Interests with the ob
lect of frightening other would-be In
vestors, and for political reasons of
establishing spheres of Influence.
The fact that Turkey was always
able to secure loans Is cited as evi
dence of her financial soundness.
though against this may be advuueed
the observation that s'..e was a polltl'
cal center coveted by many powers
who were played, the one against tho
other, and that financial considera
tions were somerltnes subordinated to
political purposes.
Turkey Did Not Default.
It is pointed out that Turkey did
not default on her indebtedness In re
cent years, but funds for the payment
of interest and amortization were con
tinually increasing and doubling at
the rate of every 15 years. The rev
enues of the country as a whole ver
Increasing at the normal natural rate
of other prosperous countries In Eu
rope. An enormous percentage of revenue
never reached the treasury, the loss
being estimated by some as high as
50 tier cent. This was partly ascribed
to the system of farming out the taxes
by districts, collet-tors paying In ad
vance a certain sum and then collect
ing what they could.
For Americans who are considering
the mandate question or of doing busi
ness here under whatever government
Is established, it is pointed out that
the above facts show revenues already
adequate to conduct the old govern
ment, and that with good government
the old Ottoman empire would have
been financially strong.
Ilefore the war foreign investments
amounted to the equivalent of $1,078.-
000,000, of which $783,200,000 was In
the public debt or loans to the gov
ernment, the difference In private en
terprises and concessions.
The bulk of these Investments was
n loans to the government. What was
done with this money? Many of the
louiis were issued below pnr, so that
all of the money never reached the
treasury.' Enormous commissions are
believed to have boon paid to Euro
pean hankers and In "gratifications"
to various local ministers to get their
support for the loans. Sums that did
reach the treasury are said to have
been squandered on palaces, harems
"tid in other unproductive ways.
So the loans did not. on the whole,
rtate sources of new revenue, and
therefore the public debt continually
Spheres of Influence.'
The object of such loans, it Is stated,
i (tartly with the political Intent
of making Turkey default o Inter
ested (lowers could take over her
finance and contrvl the country, a
was done In lvl. This ted to the
creation of loose phcre of Influence,
(ermnny taking Kola Plain, the
French, Syria, with the Italian want
ing the province they at present oc
cupy, and the Itrltlsh and the Russian
seeking Constant Inop!. In the coun
cil of administration of the Ottoman
putill'- debt, which continued until the
war untl has lieen resumed In some
fas'ilon, there was one' Englishman,
one Frenchman, one German, one Aus
trian am one Itnllan, with the presi
dency alternately occupied by an Eng
lishman and a Frenchman.
The conclusion of the investigators
Is that If the investuiMits had been
made for productive enterprise and
hnd created sources for meeting In
terest and the debt. It would have
been child' play to curry the debt
and pay It off. However, as the debt
was lowered, In sp'.te of the above at
tempts, additional loan were made.
Not all of the sum borrowed by the
government were wasted ; for exam.
pie about $.0,0)0,000 was used to heir
build the Bagdad railway. Although
the Germans would have built the line
with their own money, they actually
got Turkish money to lluuuce what
they considered a German enterprise,
ever known to b ranrfit by ft :
Her exploit followed by tha
astounding; feat of Mr. Marshall Flel
of Odcam. who actually caught. a-ald.-d
and in airict conformance with
all the rule- and regulation. mam
ter of 2 iMtwid. or nearly tW tM
weight of the lady herself! The Ml
towed the bout from which Mr. Field
and her husband were arglfng. right
in to Avalon harltor. a though tm
crowu her triumph by enabling her t
Record for Big Catches in Pacific
Water Tils Year Goe to
Fair Sex.
Avalon, Cal. News that women art
coming Into their . own must have
reached the depths of the deep blue
judging from the way sea monster
are gallantly hanging themselves up
to dry on the hooks of fair anglers
here this season,
Mnrlln swordflsh are the prized tro
phies of "men fishermen" hereabouts,
and up to the present season It has
been unknown for a mere woman to
bring In one of these sea tigers, as
they have the reputation of being the
hardest fighters In the ocean, (we
mean the fls-'h, of course). However,
It remained for Mrs. A. Koch, govern
ess In the household of Zane Grey,
the famous author, to inaugurate the
run of luck for women by bringing In
a 172 pound marlin swordflsh. the first
J;: I i
' C-g-v 1 . . S
'it !
M .7
I r a
I Mr.
Marshall Field and Her Catch. "
land the captive before the admiring
gaze of the thousands of resortera.
Mrs. T. J. Irwin of Chicago and Pa
adena, went out to about the same lo
cality as that In which Mrs. Field
caught her fish, and hooked a 140'yi
pound marlin und actually fought hint
for an hour and five minutes. Fish
ermen of Cutallna, the Island recently
purchased by William Wrlgley Jr., re
port that this has been most decidedly
a woman's season here, the like of
which has never before been known.
Mormon Temple
in Hawaii Ready
Magnificent Edifice Said to Be
Replica of King Solomon's
Sect Established on Islands Years
Ago and Now Owns Property Worth
Many Millions of Dollars Jo
seph Smith a Missionary.
Honolulu, Hawaii. Completed at a
cost "f approximately $130,000, the
magnificent new Mormon temple- at
Lnle, 40 miles from Honolulu, on this
Island, Culm, stands a monument to
l ln ry G. Mans, third officer of the
nerlean steamship Sutherland, who
ed overboard nnd rescued two lonjr-"inm-n
who had fullen Into the vn
i. One man slipped from a near-by
ck and the other In an effort to
tch him as he fell was dragged ovor
rd. Maas Jumped into the Icy wa
r, held one man up with one hand
d swam to the other whom he pu-h-agulnst
piling and held there until
1 arrived. Mans, who weighs only
5 pounds, now has a record of five
es saved.
Thought She Had Moved.
Mrs. Clnncey was n very sarcastic
inan, and It was probably due to
Is fact that she had a falling out
th her friend, Mrs. Murphy, who
ed In the apartment just under
r. . . '
One d ty, while Mrs. Clnneey was
L'llnp particularly mean, she looked
wn from her window and saw Mrs.
arphy nlso enjoying the scenery. She
uld not resist the temptation to take
shot nt her. .
"Ol say, Murphy," sne called down
deep sarcasm, "why don't ye take
ur ugly ould mug out Iv the windy
id put your pet. monkey In Its place?
Iint'd give the neighbors a change
?y'd like."
Mrs, Murphy looked up.
"Well, now, Mrs. Clancey," she slow
snld, "It was only this niornin' that
did thnt very thing, on' the poleeo
an came along, on' whin he saw the
onkey he bowed and smiled and
'Id: 'Why, Mrs. Clancey, whin did
i move downstalrsr "
One of the twin elephants which recently arrived ai Dostou from India
being hoisted from the hold of the vessel to be loaded In a car for shipment
to New York.
VZITzl I l, .vTMK -1UI Ill U
vu- irt .hinhnihlini; crane In the world, recently completed at the
Philadelphia navy yard, ta of the stationary P."'"'.1 i chance to Inherit $25,000,000 from his father, owner of fhe great Mott Iron
Jordan Lawrence Mott eloped from New York seven and a half years ago
with Mrs. Frances Hewitt Bowne, n comic opera star, and thereby lost his
...wi t... . unrkin mnacltv of 3M) gross tons. It is electrically operate
This photo shows a locomotive, besides other loads, being raised by the mam
moth crane at the christening ceremony.
works. It was learned recently that the couple are on Catallna Island, where
Mott Is happily earning a living as a boatman. The photographs were taken
tew days ago at their cottage at Avalon.
seventy ypnrs of effective work by thft .
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day
Suluts In Ha walk On December 12,
1850, only three years after the great '
migration of the Mormons to Utah,
the first party of Mormon missionar
ies landed In Hawaii, a little more than
thirty years later than the first Chris
tian missionaries from Boston. In this
first Mormon party was Elder George
Q. Cannon, lately a counsellor to the , ,
first presidency of the church In Salt
Linlce City. lie remained In the Islind
a; number of years, learned the native
language and translated the Hook of
Mormon Into Hawaiian, " ;? : . r ?
Joseph F. Smith, the late 'president
of the church, came to Hawaii in 1854 J
as a missionary, being but sixteen "
years old at that time; He remained
in the islands four yeiuj and returned
In 1SS0 for a stay of two years, dur
ing which his son, Elias Wesley
Smith; now residing h?re as president!;
of the Hawaiian mies'on, was born
Twenty years ago President Sitilta
made his last visit to Hawaii
Many Place of Worshig.
At present the Morniou church ha
more than fiO places of worship on the
different islands of Hawaii, with a
membership among the natives of ap-.,.-.
proximately 10,000. Its property, tn-
chiding the big sugar plantation at
the Laie svttlement, Is worth millions
of collars. A year ago the church paid
$000,000 for 800 acres of sugar cane
land, adjoining its plantation, 11 mile
of railway and tin irrigation system ?
The new temple at Luie has a beau
tiful setting In a tropical garden of
five acres, crowning a small bill. The
temple, constructed of pulverized
lava rock and reinforced concrete, I
built In the form of a Greek cross,
occupying a space of 78 feet square.
It Is said to be nn exact replica in t'e ;
gn and dimensions of , Solomon's I
Temple, and is rather suggestive of
the Aztec style of architecture.
Oak In Interior Work.
Jupauese oak and Hawaiian on It
were utilized for luterior work, while
many of the rooms are heavily tapes
tried. Mural decorations In certain
chambers are allegorical of event
described In the Beok of Mormon and
In the Hible. The Hawaiian temple
Is the seventh to be erected by the
Latter Day Saints. The first temple
erected still stands at Klrtlnml, Ohio,
but Is no longer owned by the church.
The temple at Nauvoo, III, V whs
burned and the charred walls, were
later wrecked by a tornado. The ether
four temples are located at Salt Lake
City, Logan, St. George and Mantl.

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