Friday, January 30, 1820.
THE PIOCHE RECORD
HIM THE WORLD
UCH IS THE DECLARATION OF
FROM SOVIET RUSSIA.
Declares Revolutionary Leaders Are
No Longer Fired With Missionary
Zaal Which Led to Preaching
of World-Wide Revolt
Washington. Soviet Russia, trans
formed by assured success of Its lead
ership at home, is no longer fired by
the missionary seal which led Its
agents and emissaries, during the first
months of Its existence, to preach
world-wide revolution, Ludwlg Mar
tens, self-styled ambassador from that
country, told a senate committee ou
The soviet republic at present. Mar
tens said, "does not care what kind of
government other people have" and
ttas Indulged In general revolutionary
propaganda only "when It was on the
klefenslve, and hard-pressed by na
tions which had armies In the field
against It Today, because It Is
"strong enough to flght the world," it
lias abandoned, he added, principles
first promulgated to the effect that it
can be maintained only by destruction
f other governments which recognize
property rights and capitalistic or
ganisation. These statements 'Martens nrade
under oath In response to questions
from Chairman Moses and Senator
Deniee Interference In America.
Senator Borah shot him query after
query, repeating reported manifestoes
f the soviet Russian republic, which
(Called on revolutionary elements every
where to organise working men to
revolt against organized government
nd demanding to know if every soviet
upporter was not bound to work for
destruction of all governments recog
nising capital. Martens met him with
Martens denied all connection with
revolutionary movements In the Unit
ed States, though admitting some
knowledge of them. He said they were
"purely American, arising out of
American conditions" and as soviet
agent he bad not helped or financed
them or their followers. He had In
structions, he said, to stay clear of
interference with American affairs.
GOVERNORS' MISSION A SUCCESS
Arid Land Delegates Receive Promise
v of Aid From Congress.
Salt Lake City. Governors of west
ern states and member of the execu
tives committee of the Western States
Reclamation association, who went to
Washington in an effort to obtain
united action before congress for a
bill providing a quarter of a billion
dollars for the United States reclama
tion service, were able to extract a
promise from the steering committees
r9 VlAtt VlAllDnfl .V. . nffnRta ......1.1 V.
made to get a reclamation bill through
that would be satisfactory to the In
terests represented In the delegation.
ERZBERQER SHOT BY STUDENT
German Minister of Finance Has
Narrow Escape From Death '
Berlin. Mathlas Erzberger, the min
ister of finance, was wounded by a
hot fired at him Monday.
. Herr Erzberger was shot as he was
leaving the criminal courts building,
after a hearing In the Helfferich libel
suit. Only one shot struck the min
ister, who was slightly wounded in the
shoulder. His assailant, who gave his
name as Oltwig von Hirschfeld, was
arrested. Von Hirschfeld Is a former
AMERICANS CAPTURED BY REDS
Detachment From the States on Rail
road Quard Duty Seised.
Ylodlvosiok. Thirty-eight Ameri
cans, members of the railroad guard
detachment on duty at Posolska, near
Verhyne-Udln&k, on January 10, cap
tured "one of General SemenofTs ar
mored trains, it has just been learned
here. The Cossack general command
ing It was killed and all officers
captured. The train without provo
cation had attacked the American de
tachment, which was sleeping in box
Americanization Measure Passed.
Washington. The senate has passed
the Kenyon Americanization bill by a
Tote of 90 to 14. The measure ap
propriates $6,500,000 to teach aliens
knowledge of the English language
nd American Institutions, and Is de
signed primarily to counteract the in
fluence of "red" agitators among Illit
Picketing Enjoined by Court
San Francisco. An Injunction pre
venting picketing by striking union
men against the Schaw-Bacher com
pany's shipbuilding yards In South
Ban Francisco has been Issued by the
United Bute district court
Church Membership Grows.
New Tort America's churches
fcave gained nearly 8,000,000 members
' since the last church census In 1016,
tout there has been a marked decrease
in the number of Sunday schools and
dunday school pupils. -
ALLIES INSIST 01!
TRIAL OF EX-KAISER
HOLLAND'S REFUSAL IS NOT
EXPECTED TO FINALLY CLOSE
Believed That Allies Have So Strongly
Committed Themselves That They
Cannot Withdraw Without
" Further Argument.
London. In diplomatic quarters l lie
belief is expressed that the Dutch re
ply with regard to surrender of the
former German emiieror does not
close the Incident. It la held that the
Hies have so strongly . committed
themselves In the peace treaty on this
matter that they cannot withdraw
without further conversations with
In the opinion of clone observers,
Great Britain In particular took such
an emphatic stand at the peace con
ference that Downing street will have
to make some further move. At the
same time, public opinion in England
regarding the trial of the former war
lord has chunged materially since the
conference. At that time the country
appeared very keen for bringing the
ex-kalser to Justice. In recent days,
however, the feeling seems to have
become more or less apathetic. .
A dispatch from The Hague says
that while there may be a future ex
change of notes with reference to the
allied demand for surrender of the
former Germuii emperor, the govern
ment of The Netherlands Is declared
Inclined to the belief that its decision
will be considered as final.
The Dutch press does not expect any
belligerent action by the allied pow
ers, and the government Is believed
to share this view, on the theory that
the demand for the former monarch's
extradition was made merely to satisfy
some political clamor In the allied
states and was not Intended to be
pressed by the statesmen who signed
DUTCH EDITOR SCORES KAI8ER
Believes But Few Dutchmen Would
Mourn Over His Surrender.
The Hague Only one Dutch news
paper, the Amsterdam Telegraaf, went
beyond approval of the government's
action in refusing surrender of the
kaiser, and, while heartily approving
the stand on national honor, said :
"'Sentiment for the former kaiser
here Is below zero, and we believe
that an extremely small number of
Dutchmen would have been hurt if
he bad been called to account some
way or other for the terrible respon
sibility which rests upon him. The
Dutch people do not feel like standing
as a bulwark about the former kaiser,
and the best part of our government
note Is Its total absence of sympathy
for the accused."
Wyoming Tract Will be Opened.
Washington. Approximately 10,000
acres of reclaimed land in Wyoming
and Nebraska will be opened to home
stead entry early In March, the recla
mation service has announced.
Proposes Jail for Profiteers.
Washington Jail bars for profiteers
was urged by Senator Capper, Repub
lican, Kansas, in an address Saturday
In the senate. Profiteers, he Bald, are
more dangerous than "reds."
COL DAVID P; BARROWS
Col. David P. Barrows, scholar-soldier,
cheeen by the regent and In
tailed president of the University
f California to succeed Benjamin Ida
. Strike Solution Called Unsound.
, Chicago. Dr. H. A. Garfield, former
fuel administrator, In an article writ
ten for Farm and Home declares the
compromise that ended the coal strike
to be "unsound In principle and
menace .to oar institutions."
Predicts Decrease In H. C. L.
. New York. A decrease In the eost
of living In the next few months is
predicted by Arthur Williams, federal
food administrator. He based his be
lief on the spirit of economy prevail
Ins among the people as a wuoie.
SENATORS BALK AT
JOHNSON, BORAH AND SIX
OTHERS DELIVER ULTIMATUM
TO SENATOR LODGE.
Senator Sherman Announces He Will
Join Third Party if Republicans
Washington. Protest by a large
group of Influential Republican sena
tors against further compromises on
reservations to the peace treaty on
Friday gave the compromise negotia
tions a severe setback, and, senators
declared, Involved future solidarity of
the Republican party , not only iu the
senate but In the nation.
Eight Republican senators, headed
by Senators Johnson of California and
Borah of Idaho, and claiming to rep
resent other senators, called Repub
lican Leader Lodge into conference and
delivered what was declared to be an
ultimatum against proposed compro
mises of the Informal bipartisan com
mittees of senate leaders.
Some of the senators In the confer
ence with Senator Lodge declared that
the reception of the protests would
affect the Republican leadership and
unity In the senate, while one, Sena
tor Sherman of Illinois, stated after
the conference that he would leave the
Republican party and Join a third
party if the Republicans support
The conference with Senator Lodge,
which lasted nearly three hours, pre
vented the scheduled session of the
bipartisan committee. This commit
tee will meet again, but with the
'ompromise prospects thrown Into con
fusion by Friday's developments, Dem
ocrats Interested in the compromise
negotiations expressed concern over
the turn of events at the resultant
possibility of success.
The movement of protest against
compromising the Lodge reservations
were almost coincident with a visit to
the senate by former President Tuft
who consulted with several "mild res
ervation" Republicans, including Sen
ators McCumber of North Dakota,
McNary of Oregon, Kellogg of Minne
sota and Colt of Rhode Island. Mr,
Tift urged compromise strongly, and
(It Ting his visit declared that a coin-
promise on the Lodge reservation to
article X of the league of nations cove
nant would not "kill" the treaty, be
cause he asserted other provisions
voul make for world peace and cause
resoit rarely to article X.
ALLIES BALKED BY THE DUTCH
Belief is Expressed That Kaiser Will
-, N;ver be Brought to Trial.
Washington. Unless Great Britain
actually Invades Holland and takes
the former kaiser by force, "William of
Hohenzollern will never be brought to
trial, in the opinion of officials and
These officials discount the report
that the kaiser will be tried In his ab
sence for !' reason that he has al
ready bet n tried und found guilty by
nil of the allied nations.
It Is regarded here as conclusive that
Hollnnd has rebuffed the allied diplo
macy undertaking to effect the sur
render of the kaiser.
8ays Influenza Is Unconquered.
London. Official admission that the
most mysterious disease germ of the
ages the influenza bacillus has de
feated the world's greatest scientists
was made to Universal Service Sat
unlay by Sir George Newman, chief
medical officer of the British health
ministry, - .-.
' Export Decrease In Value.
Washington. December exports de
creased in value $60,000,000 from the
$741,000,000 recorded for November,
while Import dropped to $881,000,000
a decrease of $44,000, J00, according to
a statement issued January 23.
Spanish Farmer Sow Less Wheat.
, MJtdrid. A sensation was created
In the cortes when the food minister
announced that as a result of the gov
ernment's action In fixing a minimum
pre for wheat 200.000 hectares less
will h sown than Inst rear.
DIPLOMATIC COUNCIL DECLARES
OBJECT8 OF AGREEMENT WITH
With the Final Withdrawal of the
American and Japanese Troops,
the Czecho-Slovaks Will be Left
Alone to Stop the Reds.
Toklo. Japan's object In agreeing
to cooperate with the United States In
supporting Czecho-Slovak troops In
Siberia has been attained and the
withdrawal of Japan's troops from Si
beria, will follow, it was decided at a
meeting of the advlaory diplomatic
council on January 21, according to
It was asserted at the meeting, It is
said, that Japan has no territorial am
bitions In Siberia and that troops now
being sent to that country are merely
to replace losses. It ws declared that
the fundamental policies will not be af
fected by this step. The council is re
ported to have endorsed the cabinet's
decision not to Interfere further In the
Internal affairs of Siberia and to ad
here strictly to the government's de
claration, when It entered Into Its
agreement with America In 1918.
Discussions in the Japanese press
and utterances by political leaders
have developed that probably, a-large
majority of the Japanese people are
averse to entering single-handed Into
such a vast enterprise as the Invasion
All of the other foreign elements
having been withdrawn from Siberia,
there remain now only about 8000
American and perhaps 30,000 Japanese
troops In addition to the Czecho-Slo
vaks, whose number has been vaguely
placed at somewhere between 20,000
and 40,000. It Is planned to remove
all of these Czecho-Slovaks by Feb
ruary 16 and the American troops
should have quit by March 1.
Gompers Oposes Sedition Bill. ,
Washington. Opponents of anti-se-
dltlon measures, led by Samuel Gom
pers, president of the American Fed
eration of Labor, on Thursday urged
the house rules committee to block
the passage of themeosures because of
their drastic provisions and because
sufficient law's now exist to prose
cute dangerous radicals and com
' Latest photograph of Thomas Ster
ling, United States Senator from South
Race Riot In Arkansas Feared.
Little Rock, Ark. A detachment of
120 federal troops from the military
establishment at Camp Pike bas been
ordered to . Dumas, Ark., where ser
ious race trouble is feared at a negro
settlement near there.
. . More Pay for Teachers,
, Chicago. An average salary In
crease of $50 a month will be given
to Chicago school teachers after Feb
ruary 1. More than 1000 teachers
failed to report Wednesday and 15,000
pupils were without Instruction.
BUSINESS OF I1AT1QN
III PECULIAR POCKET
DESPITE SHOWING OF PROSPER
ITY. INDUSTRY IS IN A SOME
WHAT PECULIAR STATE.
Crusades and Campaigns and Condi
tion of Foreign Exchange Unsettles
Affairs, According to Report of
Conditions in Weet
Chicago. The general volume of
business In the middle west continues
at a high level and building opera
tions and other activities will be suf
ficient to sustain the movement for
the Immediate future, according to a
report of business conditions In the
Seventh Federal Reserve district made
public January 25.
The report states, however, that
despite this general show of prosper
ity, business Is In a "peculiar pocket"
-On one side." It saya, "there are
forays against high prices: Society
women engineering film propaganda
and quusl-boycotts against this or that
commodity at the prevailing price, or
else pledging themselves to refrain
from buying until concessions are
mude. On the other side there Is the
obstinate fact that demand for com-1
uioditiea outruns any possibility of
providing supply that, production Is
low In volume because of labor
troubles and because raw materials
are available In quantities much be
low necessary requirements. These
factors, combined with a car shortage,
motive power famine, Inadequate
transportation facilities and strike ru
mors, constitute a total of risk ele
ments against which the average bus!
ness man dreads to pit his capital."
Crowding all of the difficulties, soys
the report, is the foreign exchange sit
nation, which is declared to be the
most unfavorable In Its bearings on
American business hopes.
The wish Is father to the thought,
apparently, when It is asserted that
prices are on the point of breaking,
It Is declared. Investigation has failed
to show that occasional announce
ments of cuts In prices were represen
tative of the general market.
Agricultural conditions in all parts
of the Seventh Federal Reserve dis
trict were reported to be favorable.
The acreage of fall crops in Iowa,
however, was reported considerably
smaller than that of a year ago, but
crops "have gone Into winter In good
condition, with a good snow covering
8TRIKES BLOW AT COMMUNISTS
Secretary of Labor Holds Communist
Party Is a Revolutionary Party.
Washington. The communist party
of America Is held by Secretary Wilson
of the labor department to be "a rev
olutlonary party," within the meaning
of the statues providing for deporta
tion of aliens who affiliate with such
organizations. In the specific case of
Englebert Prels, an Austrian, arrested
In recent raids, execution of a de
portation warrant was ordered by Mr,
Wilson on January 24, paving the way
for deportation of a large number of
aliens now In custody and against
whom similar charges have been
Wyoming Pioneer Is Murdered.
CasDer. Wvo. John Corbett, 42
years old, a wealthy pioneer stockman
of Natrona county, was found mur
dered at his ranch home, six mile
southeast of Casper, when county of
ficers made nn Investigation of his
premises, which had been deserted for
lays. Robbery Is believed to have been
the motive for the murder, according
to officers. .
Famous Author Called.
Yonkers, N. X. The Rev. Cyrus
Townsend Brady, well known author
and Episcopal clergyman, died of pneu
monia, January 24, at the age of 61.
Dr. Brady has written scores of books
dealing with adventures and battles
on land and sea, most of them novels
with an historical foundation.
.';"": New York Papers to Merge.
New York. Frank A. Munsey, owner
of the New York Sun and the Even
ing Sun, who recently bought the New
York Herald and Evening Telegram,
from the estate of the late James Gor
don Bennett announced that the Sun
and the Herald would be amalgamated
Alleged Embezzler Arrested.
Kemmerer, Wyo. R. A. Collins,
Has R. A. Thompson, wanted In Una
dllla, Qa, on a charge of embezzling
funds of the Commercial .bunk, of
which he formerly was cashier, was
arrested at Opal, near here Saturday,
Ceolidge Not a Candidate.
Boston. Governor Coolldgo declared
Sunday that he was not and never
had been a candidate for president
and that he would not enter a con
test for the Massachusetts delegation
to the Republican national convention.
Revolt and Plague at Moscow.
HelBlngfors. Report from Dorpat
say a revolt has broken out In the
red garrison at Moscow, and that the
people's commissaries at Moscow have
moved to Tver owing to the spread
of the plague.
A three-j ear-old cow owned near
Troy, Mont, recently save brtL to
triplets. They weighed 30 pound each .
and were healthy.
One result of the recent coal min
ers' strike was that It forced the city
of Helena Into the retail coal business,
nd the city la still selling coal.
Among the big Irrigation project
now proposed In Montana is one
planned to reclaim 1 .,() acres ot
land in Hill and Choteau ountio.
Verdicts acquitting Marie, Fay and
Ted McDonald of the murder at Spo
kane last June of W. H. McNutt were
returned by jury In superior court
Idaho has made good record In tlit
re-employment of former service men.
According to figures Issued, Idaho hus
glven employment to a greater number
of service men than any Slate In th
union In proportion to population.
Ninety-four bills and a miscellaneou
assortment of memorials and resolu
tions, some of the latter being pro
nounced more lnixrtant than many f
the bills, were passed by the special
session of the Oregon legislature.
Billings Shrlners will ask the. Im
perial council, which Is to meet In
Portland, Ore., next June, for the nec
essary authorization for the establish
ment In that city of what would prove1
to be Montana's third Shrine temple.
The Idaho Honey company, organ
ized at Idaho Fulls, Idaho, last full,
has made a carload shipment direct to
'openhngen, Denmark. The company ,
has 1200 stands of bees and operate
two trucks taking care of the business.
General Pershing let It be knowie.
during an address at Seattle, that he
does not want to talk about politics-
while on his tour of the country."
"Everybody should "know where I
stand," he said. "I am not a candi
date for president"
With every American Legion post
In Colorado pulling for Denver as the
convention city, a concerted effort will,
be made to secure the first Americau
Olympic games of world war veter
ans, which will be held November 11
12 and 13 of this year.
The Australian ballot, In use Irv ,
Oregon for more than thirty years,
has been discarded by a strong parti
san vote of the Oregon legislature in
special session. The straight party
voting system Is provided for as the
official ballot of the state. " .
That part of the main state high
way running east and) west across
Montana which crosses the Rocky
mountains near Glacier purk has been,
designated Roosevelt pass, and will
be so designated on maps of the stut
highway commission In the near fu
ture. Adrift in a rowboat without oars.,
two small boys were rescued Just us
they were about to be plunged ovei
the seething rapids In . Rogue river
near Dlllard, Ore., by Bert Laurence,
a ranchman, who roped them with a
lnrlat from shore and hauled them t
The assessed valuation of livestock
In Montana Increased from $40,235,49:1
In 1915 to $157,501,000 la 1910. The
total number of livestock in Montana
on March 1, 1910, were: Cuttle, ull
classes, 1,214,724 ; horses, all" classes..
591,817; sheep, all classes, 2,107, 797 r
hogs, 70,805. . '
Mrs. Nevada J. Haywood, wife of
William D. Haywood of Chicago, "sec
retary of the Industrial Workers of
the World," died in Denver, Jnnunry
22, after a long illness. Mrs. Hay
wood, who was born in Nevndafifty
years ago, has. made Denver her home
for a number of years.
Work of dismantling shipping board
wooden hulls left uncompleted on ways-
in Seattle, Tucoma and other north
west cities will be begun within a ,
week or two by George F. Rogers,
Astoria, Ore., shipbuilder. Mr. Rog
ers has been given n contract for thfr
work by the emergency fleet corpora
tion. Representatives of tlu beet sup.ir
industry from all parts of the country
will gather in Salt Lake, January 2ft
and 27, for a series of meetings which
will deal with different phases of the
business. The United Slates Beet
Seed company will meet January 2i?
for a consideration of problems of beet
The historic pilot schooner Joseph
Pulitzer, once In service off New York
harbor and later off the Columbia
river, has been placed ia drydock at
Portland for overhauling, preparatory
to being sent to Alaska, where sht
Is to be used In lnterport trade by
private parties, who hove purchased
her. The Joseph Pulitzer wos built
as a sailing vessel In 18S4. -
Governor Emmet Boyle of Nevada
has agreed to call a special session of
the state legislature on February 7 t(
net' on the federal suffrage amend
ment, provided the suffrage leaders of
the state would guarantee the expense
of the one day's session would not ex
reed $980. The suffrage' committees
iave asked legislators residing nt a
distance to promise not to attend.
By shooting into both rear tires of
in automobile - containing three al
eged "moonshiners,", deputy sheriff
captured three men and lodged them
. the county Jail at acoma charged
vlth violating tho prohibition law.
The executive committee of the Re
il Merchants' association of Idaho
palls, Idaho, has Indorsed the plan.
:o raise funds to extend relief to the
lry farmers east and west of town
ho did not produce a crop last sea
son and whose livestock, particularly
erk horses, are suffering for luck of
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