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Friday, Jaaray 39, 1S20.
TlIS PI0CC3 RECOHD Fonr:.En arhy flyer ciiai:gi;:3 puu;es in ciDAiit v. :-v ..ofrySv)C' . -a." A.--" , -t- , 1 B ...rf? ' .-. . . .-v--:, yx:r- ... a ... v ...... ... K V l' 9 f- V3. Bird Breed Place Menaced CWLLT.Efl CFFEHIO A3 CJLX A verj unusunl nhotocranh ehowlni Al Wilson of Loa Angelen, CtU about to change from plane to plane many hundreds of feet In the air. Standing on the upper wing of the lower plane. Wilson grasped the lower wing of the upper plane ond swung himself to It. absolutely unaided. Of the many plane-changing feata performed recently 'It la cafe to assume that this la the most daring. Wilson waa In the aviation corps of the army. CHINESE ON WAY HOME WITH RICHES GATHERED IN CUBA USrt. - " MfvYK ir:f) A n m n iiiii - mim n r - -- T1 .n .na- iti. tlcct Remarkable Refuge in the World in Danger From Hunters. KXt RJLHE SFEHES THERE Mrd Reservation Is Under Control of the Oepartfpent of Agriculture Protecting the Birds There Is Precarious Business. Washington. Sticking out In the Pacific ocean 000 miles beyond Iiono lnlu la a group of little islands, the largest not more than two square miles In area, and several of them barely rising abore the waves at high tide. Yet on those Islands are many hundreds of thousands of birds and among them are at least six specie auk, they recall, was exterminated by fishermen. The rarest of all the species that exist ouly In the Laysan group Is a duck-like bird, excellent for food, and therefore most likely to be shot by fiftbennen. Rare Birds en Island. The species that neat there and no where else are the Laysan teat, the little Laysan rail, the Laysan honor eater, the Laysan finch, the miller bird (a small warbler), the Hawaiian tern, and the Laysan albatross. Other spe cies that nest principally on Laysan and adjneent Islands and would be In danger of extermination If molested there, are the red-tailed tropic bird. toe black-footed ubatrosa, the gray- backed tern, and the sooty tern. The number of Individuals of the ex elusive species In 1911 were estimated to be : Six oC the Laysan teal, perhaps 100 of the miller bird, 300 of the honey-eater. 2.000 of the rail. 2.700 of Pwefcle ttrikera Seek Re Wives After Mayer Beaten. Pueblo. Colow Children aa mtrety for ball la something new 4a Colorado. Five women were among those ar rested bere following a riot In which Mayor Mike Studxlnskl waa knockesl, down and severely beaten by striking; steel workers. Husbands of Uie wom en made frantic rttempts to obtain ihelr release on bnnds, saying they needed the women to "keep the bom fires burning," and one man. who could not raise the 1200 bond required, took his three little children o the police station and offered to leave then ta custody as surety for bis wife' ap pearance In conrt. The offer waa re fused. Later he women were re leased on a cash bond of $1,000 given by the strike committee. The rioting followed the attempt reopen the Mlnnequa steel mills, closed since July. Austrian women stoned the workers who tried to eater the plant. Group of 56 Chinamen Just landed In New York from Havana, Cuba, where they acquired large fortunes. They are ou tlielr way home to China via Montreal and Vancouver. , - SKIING AT ST, MORITZ K&rv&A -Arm . . ! I Ip 1 ; Vol . "fc Wwm Wwppr Union! ; PRECIOUS ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS SHOWN ( r; p I i .t t i S! -'i " 11,1 f cv- HIGH HEELS CAUSE DEATH Pittsburgh Woman Mangled by Eta vator After Her Shoe Catches In Deer. Pittsburgh, Pa. High heeled shoes' dragged Mrs. C Steffler, aged forty" two, to a slow death when she was crushed beyond recognition between an elevator cage and the shaft wall In the North Park apartments. No. 204 East North avenue, where she resided. Mrs. StefTler waa hurrying through the hall going to the elevator' when John Gibson, the elevator operator, In formed her that be would carry her up after he had answered a telephone call. As Mrs. Steffler stepped Into the waiting car her high heeled shoes caught between the elevator and the floor. In an effort to extricate herself she fell forward, grasping the cable of the cage which started slowly to de scend to the basement, pinning her between the steel cage and the wall. Albatross Wings Plied in Old Guano Shed, Laysan Islands. Evidence of the Extent to Which Poachers Have Killed These Birds. The Wings Stored Here Were Evidently Intended for Shipping, but Never Had Been Cured. . ITT! y Secretary Lansing delivered an address on Americanism to the bureau chiefs of the state department, opening the original documents on the Consti tution of the United States and the Declaration of Independence to emphasize his statements. The photograph shows a page of the Constitution. SEVERE WEATHER FOR THE FISHERMEN Skiing la one of the most popular ; I winter sports at St. Morltz, Swlteer- i land. The , lady on skis shown here : ; Is Vlscountea Ufflngton, daughter-lu-1 1 law of the earl of Craven. . Fight Cause of Bean Blight. Of many attempts to bring the bac terial blight oX benns under control, the most successful at the Oklahoma agricultural experiment station has "been the use of aged seed. It was known that the bacteria retained the power of growth for only a limited lime, and infected seed was saved for , experiment. Seed four and five years " old never produced Wish ted plants, ihe low percentage of germination however, making Buch seeds valueless for practical bean growing. Seed two hnd three years old has also given t.ntit-frf nlnnts. with one exception. nnd that Is attributed to accidental , J. Infection. It is concluded the use , ; , . hson aeed two or three years old will yield blight-free plants on un- i AiV t aufficlent dla- iIk . i. , lllicvitu i"v - KW::4( w: IS tnnce from other bean patches, to vrf'--y.: avoid accidental Infection. Seed of .these ages have a percentage of germ fnntin sufficiently high for practical ii nil yrnxTT i'inriTiiM a not found anywhere else In the world. In 1911, one of those species was rep resented by six birds all that were left as the sole means of perpetuating the species, and they concentrated on a single little island, where one man might kill them all In one minute's shooting. That species the Laysan teal has fortunately Increased until there are, by estimate, thirty-five individuals. For the United States department of agriculture, for a few years, has con trolled the Islands as a bird reserva tlon the Hawaiian Islands reservation, It is called. But protecting the birds there is a precarious business. The possibility has existed always that one or more of the rare species might be wiped out in a day. Albatross Destroyers Arreated. By way of illustration, this: One day in 1909 the crew of the cutter Thetis found an old shed absolutely piled full of albatross wings. A search revealed the fact that 23 plume hunt ers had landed on Laysan Island and had killed at least 300,000 birds. The men were captured, taken to Honolulu, and formally arrested. Since that time there is not known to have been any repetition of such depredations, hut it Is always imminent. ' Just now many fishermen largely nationals of countries other than the United States are extending their op erations from Honolulu out to the re gion of the bird reservation. Landings on the Islands are constantly immi nent, and such landings would be a menace to one of the most remarkable bird-breeding places In the world. The bureau of biological survey, having direct charge of the reservation, Is calling attention to the fact that dis turbing the birds on Laysan or any of the smaller Islands Is forbidden, and announcing that the reservation will be protected, by whatever means are necessary, for the benefit of all the peoples of the world. . Laysan, the largest of the group. Is one of the most westerly of the Ha waiian islands. It has an area of about two square miles, and within it. con forming generally to the coast line, is a large lagoon. This island is one of the most populous bird-breeding places on the globe, literally hundreds of thousands of birds resorting there to lay their eggs every year. Specialists of the biological survey call attention to the fact that the ostensible occupation of fishermen does not mean that men may not be very destructive to birds. The great the finch, and 180,000 of the albatross. Indications are that, while the teal has Increased, the other species have probably decreased. The islands composing the reserva tlon are Laysan Island, Ocean or Cure island. Pearl and Hermes reef, Lystan ski or Pell Island, Mary reef, Dowsett reef, Gardiner Island, Two Brothers reef, French Frigate shoal, Necker island, Frost shoal and Bird Island. ftUSS REDS SELL CZAR'S GEMS Lenine Government Trading In Hal land Through Germany to Avoid Blockade. Amsterdam, Holland. The - Lenine government In Russia, balked by the world financial blockade from sending money abroad for propaganda par poses, now la conducting an extensive traffic in confiscated Jewels through Germany to Holland markets, accord' lng to the Handelsblad, which com ments on a charge that the com munist member Llaser of . the Ana I sterdam council" offered the Russian 1 emperor's diamonds for sale. 50 Year Old Cache Found Stefansson Discovers Supplies Left in 1850 to Aid III Fated Franklin. RECALLS TRAGEDY OF ARCTIC Food and Clothing Found to Be Almost in aa Good Condition as When Placed There by McClln tock in 1853. A fishing bout arriving in Boston, Mass., a mass of ice after a trip from the banks. The fishermen suffered severely and fished ouly with the great est difficulty. . i . .. Invents Typewriter on Which to Write Music . Wichita, .'Kan. Will Kansas wonders never cease? A type writer on which one can suc cessfully write music Is the In vention of H. P. Flauth, a com poser of this city. The machine Is said to have 135 characters which can be written on, below or above the staff. The typewriter differs from the ordinary model only In that the printing surface of the roller is flat. ( Flauth Is understood to have worked more than 18 years cn the Invention. New York. Of interest to all who have heard the call of the North and the lure of exploration Is the an nouncement that Vilhjalmur Stefans son found the abandoned cache of Sir Leopold McClintock, commander of the Intrepid, In the Arctic after a lapse of more than half a century. It was Sir Leopold McClintock, In com mand of the ship Intrepid, who found traces of the voyage of that unfortun ate explorer Sir John Franklin. He built a cache on Melville Island, pre sumably between 1850 and 1854, when in quest of tidings of Sir John Frank Un and the members of his Ill-fated expedition in the Arctic. w Located by 8tefansaon. The McClintock cache was located by Stefansson, who reports that he found everything In almost as good condition as when placed there In 1853. Articles of clothing be found particularly well preserved and much better in quality than the clothing of today, and the food and supplies left In the Arctic cache by Commander McClintock and bis men also were well preserved, despite the severe weather known to prevail In the Arc tic regions. Documents and a list of the con tents of a cache built In the far North by Commander McClintock and other data also were found by Capt. Joseph E. Bernler, In command of the "Arc tic" expedition of 1908-1900. A tablet erected on Dealy Island by Captain Kellett and Commander McClintock In 3852-1853, whose vessels were lost, also was found by Captain Bernler and re-erected, with his own tablet, on Tarry's Kock, commemorating the aanexlng of the Arctic archipelago In 1909. On the tablet found by Captnln Bernler were the names of the ships navigated by the explorers "H. M. S. Resolute, Henry Kellett, Esq., C. B., n. M. S. V. Intrepid. F. L. McClintock, Esq., Comm. Wintered 1852-1853. S. 82 12 (true). Door of Depot House (with direction given). Record will be found In house." "Lieutenant McClintock," says Cap tain Bernler, who was commander of the Intrepid and second In command to Captain Kellett, early showed his great activity by making sledge Jour neys of a hazardous nature across Melville Island from the locality In which the Resolute and Intrepid were frozen In near Dealy Island. Tha tracings made by McClintock around the shores of Melville , Island and Prince Patrick Island, on foot, added many hundreda of miles to the coast surveyed under Belcher and Kellett. The cairns established by him be tween 1852 and 1854 are mentioned in his reports with the papers found at Dealy Island. Built Half Century Ago. It I? probably one of these calrna that was discovered by Stefansson and built by McClintock more than half a century ago. Continuing, Captain Bernler says of McClintock: "His subsequent career In navigating the waters In , Lady Franklin's yacht Fox of Peel sound, . Regent Inlet, Bellot strait. King Wil liam Island and around Montreal is land and Boothia peninsula are well known. HI brilliant achievements - and discovery of definite information regarding the fate of Franklin point to htm as the most fortunate of all . voyagers wno pursued tne most re-, markable search known In the his tory of navigation." , , One of the doenraents left by Mc Clintock In a copper tube and. nnder a pile of rocks was found by Captain'' Bernler. Another was found outside from Its resting place by a polar bear, for It bore the marks of the paw of an animal of considerable size. Much of tbe Information found tn these documents waa utllUed by Cap tain Bernler while cruising through northern seas In the Arctic. Enjoyed His Own Funeral. Hlllsboro, -Pa. James H.: Houser. seventy-five years of age. Is all ready to die now. In fact, he has already burled himself. Believing funerals should be enjoyed while llvtng. he haa had his staged bere recently. Many friends attended. They sang "Nearer, sly God, to Thee," and a lot of other funeral songs after a minister deliv ered Houser's burial services. Houner has prepared his own obituary. lhe ceremony was held at a chnrcb and at the Houser home,