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TIT3 PTDCK3 RECORD
FrMav. Jim 2S. !. Preparing fo7 the Day Pcrccb cJ Shrincra in lha C&rnl Zcno I V . i civile:-: 71 I. f. 7'i , if UBaaaBSS View of tU recent grvut parade of Bhrlners of U Canal tone rade. with Samuel H. 1U reuse, past potentate of Abou Saad temple. la Balboa. General Persuing reviewed toe pa- Maine Romance and History of . Past 100 Years SHARES HONORS VimiREVERE William Dawes Had Glorious Part in Events That Led to Independence. Ia order that long-delayed reeognl 'v tlon nay be accorded a patriot. Rev. Georg e A. Gordon. In a review of the old South church, recently urged that a tablet be placed In the church In honor of William Dawes, Jr., a mem ber of the church, who rode to Lex ington and other Middlesex villages on the same errand on which Paul Re vere rode, the fame of the latter per- petuted In the poem by Longfellow, the Boston Globe states. . The Daughters of the American Key station and Rev. Mr. Gordon are of like opinion that for too many years the other brave rider has remained In oblivion, and recently the D. A. R. appointed an organizing regent to form In Massachusetts a chapter to be named the MaJ. William Dawes, Jr., chapter. D. A. R. Here are the circumstances of the thrilling ride made by Dawes: For some days before April 19, 1775, It had been known that the British were preparing to move. The destlna tlon was suspected to be Concord, for at that place were stores of war ma terlal, and also Hancock and Adams and other revolutionary lenders. Warren Ready to Flash News. There had been a number of false alarms, and. while Warren kept the patriot leaders well Informed, he nat urally waited until Information had be come complete and attack certain be fore sending out to arouse the country. He had trusty men for two routes of exit from Boston and signal lights ar ranged to call out the men on the other ... side of the Charles river If direct com munication with the country people should falL On the afternoon of the day before the attack Warren learned that the British were about to move. The whole town was on watch, every citizen a detective, and Warren was kept well Informed. He waited until the British began actually to move tbelr boats and then he sent out Dawes at once by the land route over the Neck and across the river at the Brighton bridge to Cambridge- and Lexington. Then he sent Revere out by the water route through Charlestown to Lexington to arouse . the country and especially to acquaint Hancock and Adams of the movement Revere Beat Him There. "Revere arrived In Lexington a half hour before Dawes, and the latter met Revere on the green when he arrived, Dawes had started on his ride at once after receiving his orders from War ren and had eluded the guard at the Neck. with difficulty, coming out by the longer route of Brighton bridge and the Cambridge road and arousing all the houses tn" bis path. After a Uttle delay for refreshments, - Revere and Dawea rode on to Concord. About half-way along, near Hartwell's tavern, they met British officers. Dawea, chased by the soldiers, dashed tip to an empty farm house, shouting: .... 'Hello, boys. I've got two of them!" His pursuers were frightened, and made off. Dawes got to Concord about two 'dock that morning and probably; took part In the battle of that day. Revere never got to Concord bridge at a Whipped a British Soldier. . Prom the Hps of Dawes and those .; of his two wives, for be was twice married, his children often beard the tale while the events were fresh In , . the minds of all. About tho time of his marriage ta ; 1708 ha bees me major la tho Ancient and Honorable Artillery company. The British troops garrisoned In the town soon becume a great annoyance snd Dawes was not a man to submit tamely to Insult One night he and bli wife were re turning through Cornhill about dusk and he had moved a few steps Id ad vance with an acquaintance, when a British soldier caught Mrs. Dswes up In his arms and attempted to carrj her off. bodily. Her husband, how- ever, turned upon him and gave hln a beating. As It became more evident that th oppressors must be met In the oper Seld he scoured the country In the at tempt to organize and aid the Revolu tlon. On these rides he sometime borrowed a dress of a farmer, and ha a bag of meal behind his back on th horse, . Defied General Gage. About this time he undertook the au rlnrlnn and well-nlanned exploit whir! t-vuty r . : r . : t .a rifivpri the cannon of Caot Adlon Pad dock's company In the Ancfent am' Honorables from the British. Some ol the mechanics of the company were de tennlned to prevent the surrender of their two small field pieces to Genera Gage. William Dawes was theli leader. The men forced their way Into the guard house and carried the cannon off to the free school on what Is now Mason street, where they were hidden for a fortnight In a wood box under the master's feet Soon after the affair of the cannon came the memorable ride and the siege of Boston began. Dawes at once Joined the Continental troops at Cambridge and. It Is said, fought at Bunker HUL When Boston had become unsafe he moved his family to Worcester and when the siege ended he Was appointed commissary at Worcester by congress. While In Worcester he went Into part nership with, his brother-in-law as gro cers and when, at the end of the war, he returned to Boston, he carried on the same b unless In Dock square. After having married a second time he moved to Marlboro, to the farm pre viously occupied by his father. His stay there was short, however, for died February 25, 1799. He was buried tn the King's Chapel burying ground. olony Established on Pine Tree's Shore Before Land ing of Pilgrims. PUT LIBERTY BELL IN PLACE STtTE HGLDS CELEEK1 Coast First Visited by John Cabot In 1498 Maine Blazed Path to Na tional Prohibition Produces! Many Men of Note. Portland Me. One hundred years ago Maine became a State of the Union, and this year the event Is to be official ly observed with a great celebration. the principal feature of which wilt take place at Portland from June 28 to July 6. While Maine Is only a century old as a state. In reality the territory was one of the first settled sections of North America. A colony had been estab lished on its shores 16 years before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, Vpss.jlpJGSC, Hie Maine copst, bar ring, of COUfse, poisIbte discovery by" the early Norsemen, was first visited. It Is believed, by John Cabot, the Eng lish explorer, in 1498, only six years after the discovery of the new world by Columbus. . In 1501 the Portuguese explorer Corte-ReaL came to Maine, snd In 1524 Varrazano, an Italian, sail ing under a French commission, cruised along the coast. In 1525 a Spaniard, Gomez, discovered and named the Pe nobscot river Rio de las Gomez, or Stag river, and In 1526 the French explorer Thevet visited the territory and re turned to Europe with a story of Mo rumbega, Maine's mythical city. It was in 1565 that the renowned son of Great Britain, Sir John - Hawkins, came to Maine, and two years later three survivors of his second expedi tion crossed Us lnterlsr, the first white men to visit any part of the present state away from the coast line. In 1602 Captain Bartholomew Gosnotd ex plored its southwestern shore, and tn 1603 Capt Martin Prlng, a British trader discovered Casco bay, on wblch Is now located the city of Portland. First Settlement The premier attempt at settlement was made In 1604 by Sleur de Monts, the famous French explorer, who es tablished the first colony In what Is now the United States, north of Florl da, within the borders of the present state of Maine, on Neutral Island In the St. Croix river, near what 1m now the city of Calais. The renowned Champlaln was a member of the party and cruised along the Maine coast as far east as the Kennebec river, naming Mount Desert Island.- After a terrible year. In which the majority of the party died from exposure and disease. the colony was obliged to give up Its existence. In 100T, the first English colony was established at Popham, at the mouth of the Kennebec riveri by George Pop ham, This and the colony of James town, Va founded the same year, were the first - English settlements on the Atlantic coast The little group, how ever, after the death of its founder, was obliged to abandon the site. The colony, however, established one not able record, for It constructed, during It year, of suffering, the Virginia, the first vessel to be built In. North Amer ica. . .v. " Ia 1613, the French Jesuits organ teed a mission on Mount Desert island and in 1614 th coast of Maine was visited by Capt. John Smith of Poyi hontas fame, who made the first re liable map of It and named many of Its principal points, Including Cupe Elizabeth. He was the first to apply the name New England to this north Claim Filed by Man Who Was Reepon. olblo for Work Makes Interest ing Reading Today. An odd memento of the Liberty bell. whose replicas on every side today re mind us that the battle for freedom has always to be fought Is the bill for food served the workers who set It In place. It was first hung In the steeple of the Pennsylvania state house, according; to a claim filed by Edmund Wooley, dated on April IT. 1753. "for sundrys advanced for rais ing the bell and frame and putting up the belt" , - - Wooley declared that he had on thai dale supplied food and other refresh ments to the workmen engaged In tho task, the list Including the following: Forty-four pouDdbef.four gammons, two pecks of potatoes, 800 limes. thirty-six loaves of bread of Lacy ya . Baker, three gallons of rum of John Jones, mustard, pepper, salt butter, a ; cheese, cooking and wood, earthen- ware and candles, and a barrel of beet , of Anthony Morris." This formidable, eastern section of the United States. list cost the province a total of fj Only- three years after the landing 13 shillings 10 pence, or about $27.75, of the Pilgrims Capt Christopher Lev a modest figure Judging by present day ett established a trading post on one prices. Later the- boll was recast of the Islands now within the limits from the same metal, bat with slightly of Portland.. and In 1632 the founda- different combinations, to give a bet- tlons of the present city were eatab ter tone. Tho bell Itself cast Hstk , llshed by George Oeeve and Richard S30UY Tucker. Previous to this, however, In.l82& settlements bad been made along the shores of Casco bay on ter ritory now within the limits of Bruns wick and Cape Elizabeth. First Chartered City. In 1641 occurred another notable event In the history of America, when Sir Ferdlnando Gorges established the first chartered city In the United States under the name of Gorgeana. This Is now the town of York. The year 1775 was a memorable one In the annals of Maine. In June the first naval battle of the Revolutionary war, the first naval engagement of the present United States and the first time the British flag was struck to Americans on land or sea, occurred off Mnchtas, Maine, when the British warship Margaretta was captured by the American ship Unity. The latter was commanded by Capt. Jeremiah O'Brien of Machlns, often called "the father of the American navy," and for his notable achievement he was given a vote of thanks by congress. Another historic event of the year was the march of Benedict Arnold and his army across Maine In an attempt to capture th city of Quebec. Falmouth now the city of Portland, also was bombarded and destroyed tn 1775 by a British fleet under Mowatt. In 1779 Castlne, whose career forms one of the most romantic pages In American history, was captured by the British, and It was In this engagement that the famous. Sir John Moore, the subject of that immortpl poem, "The Burial of "Sir John Moore," received his baptism of fire. In that battle Paul Revere, who only a few years before had made his memorable ride, led the Massachusetts detachnu-nt of troops. In 1803 Commodore Edward Prebre of Portland commanded the American squadron at Tripoli which defeated the Barbnry pirates, and upon his re turn to the United States was received with great distinction and given a vote of thanks and awarded a medal by congress. , -My Lost Youth." Hundreds of thousands have read Longfellow's immortal poem "My Lost Youth," In which he describes his na tive city of Portland, and In which he has made famous the naval battle be tween the American warship Enter prise and the British warship Boxer fought off the eastern end of Casco bay. In this bloody engagement the captains of the two ships were killed In action and both were burled tn the old Eastern cemetery at Portland, their graves, side by side, being vis ited annually by tourists from every section of the world. The year 1814 was another notable one In the history of the state. Dur ing It the present city of Eastport was captured by the British and held as a part of Canadian territory for about four years. The second capture of Castlne by the British also occurred and a day or two later was fought the remarkable battle of Hampden, much overlooked by historians, and In which both American and British soldiers were killed, and the present cities of Bangor and Belfast captured. - On March 15, 1820, Maine officially became a separate state of the Union. up to this time it having been n part of Massachusetts and known as the district of Maine. In 1839 occurred one of the most notable events in the history of the United States and in which Maine was the great factor around which revolved the principal Incidents. This was the Aroostook war which threat ened hostilities between Great Britain and the United States. Large num bers of troops were raised and Im mense sums of money appropriated by both nations for the expected cou fllct. the commanding officer for the Untted States being the renowned Gen. Wlnfleld Scott. Actual bloodshed was u verted, however and the cause of all the trouble, the northeastern bound ary of Maine, was adjusted by a trea ty negotiated by Daniel Webster, sec retary of eCate, and Lord Ashburton, representing Great Britain. Maine was the pioneer which blazed the path of national prohibition when In 1S51 ttM state adopted an amend ment to Its constitution prohibiting the manufacture and sale of Intoxicating liquors. In all of the wars, from the Revolu tionary down to the world war Mulne has more than done Its share In the cause of right and Its record along this line Is one of the most glorious puges In Its history. The world owes much to the sons and daughters of Maine. It has given It some of the most remnrxnhle men and women In history. Henry Wads worth Longfellow, America's greatest pott was born at Portland. Sir Hi ram S. Maxim, Inventor of the Maxim machine gun, first snw the light of day at Sangervtlle. Ills equally fam ous brother, Hudson Maxim, Inventor of smokeless powder. Is a native of Ornevllle. Lillian Nordlca, one of the world's greatest singers, was born at Farmlngton, and Artemua Ward, the renowned humorist, at Waterford. Frnnklln - Simmons and Benjamin Paul Akers, two of the world's great est sculptors, were born respectively at Webster and Westbrook. Rev. Elijah Kellogg, whose name will always live as the author of "Spartacus to the Gladiators" and other orations, as well as the famous "Elm Island" stories for boys, was bora at Portland. Many of America's greatest char acters In history were born in Maine, Among these are Hannibal Hamlin, vice president of the United States with Lincoln, born at Paris; Sir Wil liam Phlpps, first royal governor of Massachusetts, first American on whom Great Britain conferred knighthood and the conqueror of . Annapolis RoyoL. Nova Scotia, at Woolwich; Dorothea Lynde Dlx, famed for her work for the Insane, and as head of the female nurses during the civil war, at Hamp den. ' , c Many Notable Leaders. Some of the most notable lenders In America's public life also were Maine born," among them Thomas Brnckett Reed, renowned parliamentarian and former speaker of congress, at Port land ; John D. Long, former secretary of the navy and governor of Massa chusetts, at Buckfleld; Rufus King, twice United States minister to Great Britain and one of the principals In the drafting of the American constitu tion at Scarboro; William P. Frye, American diplomat and former acting president of the United States senate at Lewlston: Lot M. Morrill, secre tary of the treasury. United States senator and governor of Maine, at Bel- trad: Melville W. Fuller, former chl Justice of the United States Su preme court, at Augusta ; Nelson Ding- ley and Eugene Hale, widely known statesmen, born respectively at Dur ham and Turner; Hugh McCullock. famous financier and former secretary of the treasury, born at Kennebuuk; Sergt. Smith Prentiss, one of Amer ica's most famous orators and said to be the greatest extemporaneous speaker that ever lived, at Portland; Gfti. Neal Dow, father of prohibition, at Portland ; Annie Louise Cary, world renowned singer, at Wayne. W. W. Hoegg, Jr., In Chicago Post RED-SHOULOCREO HAWK. "I think It la a perfect shame." said the Ked Shouldered Hawk, "that sack wrung stories could go around about me. and not only that they could go around about nte but that they have gone around about me." What wrong stories have gone around about youf asked the Griffon Vulture. When the Griffon Vulture had seen free and out of the soo his aest had been high upon a cliff which no crea ture could reach. no was a coward as all his family had always been and probably atwayv will be. He wouldn't go after prey which could fight him back such as living prey, but he would feast on things that had been killed. He had a musky or animal sawn which be liked himself! "What wrong stories have gone . around about you and are going around about you?" asked the Griffon Vulture again. "Ton see," said the Red-Shouldered Hawk, from his cage, "I lived in Eastern and Northern America before I came to the zoo. I am- very mock Uke the red-tailed hawk and ha too la very badly treated. The eanm stories have gone around about kins. We look very much alike. Cousin Red Tailed and 1, and our families are very much alike, too. "Ton see they have said wo were like the hen hawk and that we did the same things as tho hen hawk doe stealing chlckena and all sorts of things like that "Of course we don't These stories have gone around and It Is very hard to atop stories that go around even If they aren't true. We're brown speckled and reddish m color and we're used to wearing these suits and couldn't really change. But we dw wish folks would know that we aren't hen hawks." "Why-do you care what they think of your asked the Griffon Vulture, his horrible and cruel face turned to ward the Red-Shouldered Hawk. "They think horrible things of mo," he added. "Tea," said tho t Red-Shouldered Hawk, "but they are true. Yon are horrible creature, a coward and all THE ESKIMO "SHIMMY" 1 This Htikiuio conjuror uud uiedklno man knew about the "shimmy" long be fore It became popular In more tepid climes. His art of dancing consists of singing and shnking his body without moving his feet. - Aim high." There Is nothing too good for the class. The higher we aim the greater will be our achievement. "Creatures Think We're Hen Hawks." sorts of worthless things and you dont mind In the least You have no desire to be nice." "That's true enough," said the Grif fon Vulture. "I don't see the use In bothering to be pice. It would be rack an effort" "It Isn't such an effort for some cieatures to be nice. And I do not do the things that the old hen hawk does and neither does my cousin and kls family, the Red-Tailed Hawk family. "We suffer for the sins of the old hen hawk. Creatures think we're hen hawks and persecute us because they think we're bad. Many of our family have been killed because folks thought they belonged to the Hen Hawk fam ily." "My advice to yon," said the Griffon Vulture, "Is to be bad and mean and live up to your reputation." "Wo couldn't do that for worlds," said the Red-Shouldered Hawk. "Why notr asked the Griffon Vul ture. "If they think your family be haves In such a way then behave In such a way and get some fun out of your bad reputation." "We wouldn't disgrace the family name no matter what folks thought of us," said the Red-Shouldered Hawk, "and we're only hoping that one of these days folks will know the truth about us and that we aren't the ben hawks. We hope they will know that there are two kinds of hawks like the hen nawits in iooks du not In ways." r ' x "You're queer, all right." said tho Griffon Vulture. . . , "Queer to want to be decentf asked the Red-Shouldered Hawk. "That Is queer to a Griffon Vulture." "I suppose It Is," said the Red-Shou dered Hawk, "but luckily the world Isnt made up of Griffon Vultures." "We wouldn't care to make up tho world." the Griffon Vulture ended, "at wo Uke to prey on what other crea tures are dead." V "And we want that truth knows about us, the truth that we're not bad as they think," ended the Red-Shoo-dered Hawk. - Never Htta Twtee. . Teacher Why Is ft that llghtnhur never strikes twice In the some phiceT Jimmfe Becanoe, after It htta owe. the place teo't, there any orj--I change.