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THU PIOOIE RECORD St First 'ft... 0lirnl vIau HiipIii , . L uir riruHUiy luicB leacurea tne turn tig over, for a ftrJTSr.i doc,k8.an?. ,err,e" to Mayor ,,,,an' th ,oot lo rk city. It 1 the first such landing place the city has opened. " ' Little Health Crusaders. Hold School children "Health Crusaders" ZlZl foheVrr Italian Airmen "" ri rT-rrnnn i mm w m 0 " M J - In the estimation of many the recent feat performed by the Italian airmen, Major Turelli and Lieutenant Ferrarln, In their flight from Rome, Italy, across the uncharted wastes of Turkey, India and finally China, was a more frightfully dangerous undertaking than the spanning of the Atlantic ocean, l'hotograph shows the aviators undQkhelr machine shortly after arrival at Shanghai. Left to right: Major Turelli, his wife, and Lieutenant Ferrarln. Typical Natives p Z-L.'mP Si5 Though more a land of tears than cheers, these happy natives may be seen guyly waving a greeting to the camera man In the newly formed republic of Livonia. This new nation is fighting actively against the bolshevlM. Thou sands of destitute Russians are being cared for by toe American committee for Russian relief. Seaplane Landing Station CI i . i ... of Washington. D. C U, costume SUrg6JU f in Daring Feat of Livonia r o seaplane tainlinff Ktnfhin hv r.,mv - liSSi-ESSiJJJS Pageant taking part In the health crusade -erVt25 MASQUERADES AS MAN Mrs. Ivy Nasur, 21 years old, of Columbus, O., photographed In prison In New York, where she Is being held on the charge of masquerading as a man. She left her husband five months ago and has traveled more than 700 miles with only -ten cents in her pocket. MAY HEAD THIRD PARTY Got. Lynn Frazler of North Dakota who is being considered by the "Coin mittee of 48," which will hold its rm tional convention in Chicago July 1 with a view to putting a third part in the field, as a possible presidents ' nominee. Chi Id. Heart. The truly great man is he who doea not lose bis child heart. ALti- :A if) - "1 hfj -V-.-j ! if j r l " :.( ivv .;;'! 316 Do r o-Budar 5 (tiii 1 1 ' wi i i f 5 'v''k Jlil Il airplane marks the beginning of the end of the "silent places." When the aviator comes Into bis own, time and space will lose their meaning as far as this earth is concerned. For ex ample, the big game hunter climbs Into his airplane at Seattle. Presto I lie ! at Monnt McKInley In Alaska where are count less caribou, mountain sheep and moose and not even a national park ranger or a territorial game warden to say him nay. Reverse the picture I While the airplane means that the new places of earth will soon have lost their new ness, It also means that some of the old, old places of earth so old that the-busy world has almost forgotten them will again attract the public because they can be reached. For example, In the center of Java stands Boro-Budurl Never heard of Boro-Budur! Quite likely. Yet it was built at least 12 centuries ago, and It is a more impressive relic of the labors of the ancients of earth than the great pyramid. Once It was visited by thousands of devout wor shipers. Now the Jungle has crowded In about t and It Is a large undertak ing to reach It until airplane service shall have been established I It Is a peculiar fact, says Francis Dickie, in the Scientific American, that sonw of the great wonders of the world are known to the general run of men and women almost from Infancy, while others, quite as remarkable, In deed more so, remain unknown to the world at large. The most striking ex ample of this Is the magnificent hill temple of Boro-Budur, one of the most gigantic and finest works ever reared by the ancients. - Boro-Budur repre sents more human labor and artistic skill than the great pyramid. Yet everyone has heard of the great pyra mid, while practically no one knows of Boro-Budur. Boro-Budur was built about the sev enth century, A. D., as far as Is known from philological research. It ties In central Java and owes Its origin tfc Buddhism. The ashes of Buddha were distributed by his great apostle. King Osoka of India, to eight towns where they were buried. Some time after the ashes were taken from the tombs and redlvlded Into 84,000 parts. These were preserved In vases and given out over all his dominions.' When the Buddhist missionaries came to Java in the seventh century they brought one of these vases and, as a fitting receptacle for this, Boro-Budur, the world's greatest temple, was erected the finest piece of architec ture of Its kind In the then known world, and one which has never been rivaled since.- For about 800 rears Boro-Budur was visited by millions of worshipers; then a, Mohnmmednn Invasion swept the country and the temple was de sertedv Jungle grew about It nnd vol canic debris, from the countless active craters the Island Is famous for, cov ered It. In 1014 It was discovered by acci dent by Sir Stamford Rattles, who The Useful. Sunflower It has been found thut every part of the sunflower plant may be util ised for some economic purpose. The leaves form a cattle : food ' and the stems contain fiber which may be used successfully In making paper. The pith of the sunflower stalk la the lightest substance known; Its specific gravity Is 0028. while that of elder Is 0.1W. and cork 054. The dlacoT sw of the extreme ltghtnesa of the 'Jm started the work of restoring the tem ple to something of Its former glory, which was continued by the Dutch au thorities when they took back the Island at the close of the Napoleonic wars. Due to this restorative work, the temple can be seen today much as It was 1.300 years ago. Its out-of-tbe-way position and the rather Indifferent service by train, pony cart, and later nu'o-bus, are the principal reasons why it Is not being visited by more travelers. In addition to this. It has not been extensively ad vertised like the pyramids. All this now bids fair to be changed, for even In the Malay archipelago the land of rest, "tomorrow" and backwardness things are now going ahead with leaps and bounds. The most startling of all is the proj ect of an airplane service to handle moll and passengers between different points In the archipelago. The un dertaking is backed by Dutch capital ists, the most conservative men In the world, so It may be taken for granted that It is thoroughly feasible or they would not have considered it. , And with airplane service Boro Budur may come Into Its own. This world wonder, so long unheard of and neglected by the world at large, will be visited by thousands of globe trot ters availing themselves of the air plane service. To tell fully of all the temple's mar vels and beauties would take a book. Of it Alfred Russell Wallace, the great scientist, said : "The human labor and skill expended on Boro-Budur Is so great that thnt expended on .the great pyramid sinks Into Insignificance beside It." The following brief de scription will convey to the reader something of the magnificence and the grandeur of this huge hill temple: One of the views shows Boro-Budur as it Is today, an artificial many-sided mound, a series of galleries, cupolas and spires, surmounted by a vast cen tral lome, 52 feet In diameter, which at one time, it is supposed, was crown id with a spire. Upon ascending the outer terrace of this hill temple, a 30-sided plain is reached. This, how ever, is not the original foundation. Excavation has disclosed two other terraces six and ten feet respectively below the level of this plain. The Buddhist builders apparently deemed It advisable In this way to strengthen their structure while In course of erec tion. Formerly a heavy stone para pet surrounded the existing plain. In the middle of each of the four sides of this parapet an opening gave access to a flight of stairs, at tbe sides of which were heavy banisters. At the'lower end of the stairs are huge laughing lions of stone, which still re main with their fixed laughter after 1..100 years. From the plain similar stairs lead up to the irregularly-shaped galleries and on to the great circular one surrounding the dome, the latter thus being reached without It being necessary to pass through the Interven ing ones. Each of those many-angled terraces Is about ten feet above the preceding one, with a width between the walls of about seven feet, and Is drained ty . gargoyles representing mythical monsters, through the mouths of which the water Is led. At each angle Is a Buddha seated in pith of the stalk has essentially In creased the commercial value of the plant. Tills light cellular substance Is now carefully ; removed from the stalks and applied to many Important uses. One of Its chief uses is tbe making of life-saving appliances. "To Forgive Is to Forgst" In a divorce case heard recently In Glasgow the question arose as to the difference between "condonation" and "forgiveness," the New York Evening Sua' stafta f be judge decided that Jill II J . . . l a niche. It is surmounted by a cupoJev The Buddha is seated upon a lorw leaf with a halo around Its head. Tto figure Is almost nude. As the viewer passes around these galleries both sides are seen to consist of a series of sculptured pictures, surmounted with domes and pinnacles wtttk Buddhas on all sides gaslng at one with their Inscrutable eyes. All tbe ' wonderfully artistic scenes are from the life of Buddha, depicting It from the time he left his lotua leaf throna to descend to earth, and his successive, reincarnations until attaining Nirvana, the desired spiritual haven of Bud dhism. These sculptures are in high -relief centered In rectangular frames. Each relief Is a scene from the history of Buddha, and the whole series forms a complete story of his life, from his birth to his death. It Is stated that If all the reliefs were placed In a straight line they would extend for three miles. It Is estimated that them must be 20,000 carved figures In. all. From the fourth gallery access to the upper level Is gained by a stairs or 12 steps. This level has only an outer wall upon which is erected three circu lar terraces, one rising a few feet above the other. - Upon this are 72 remarkably uniform lattice-worked stone dagabas or shrines, each culmin ating In a slender spire. Erich of these beautiful bell-shaped shrtnes contains a statue of Buddha, each statue facing; toward the central dome, which signi fies that it Is utterly detached from all the temptations and cares of thl wicked world. - . Such is a brief description of tbe main points of Boro-Budur, the world's greatest temple, and the finest exam ple of ancient Indian art, which will soon be made accessible by airplane. Perhaps In the years to come this world wonder may attain fame equal to that of the great pyramid. But at present it stands utterly unknown to the world at large. ' New Anesthetic Developed. " J A highly refined ether, modified by the addition of certain gases, has been found superior aa an anesthetic. It eliminates pain without loss of con sciousness and reduces to a minimum the nausea that generally follows the use of ether. The ability to produce insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness opens up an entirely new field, Inclcd-. Ing many operations which are now performed without any attempt ' to eliminate pain. Certain types of den tal operations and obstetrical case IIlusLrate one point," as well as the changing of packing, and dressing of severe wounds. Scientific American. In a Christian, as well as a lay sense. It was assumed that every man bad a slate on which were written the faults of his wife. Then forgiveness, would be the complete wiping oft the slate cf the record. In condonation there was no blotting out. The record remained on the slate and was only covered over with a piece of paper wttb the' remark; "That will obscure the record until another matrlatnlal of fense occurs." Thea the paper would) be raised and the record aud the mar ital sin waa still tre. " gag