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The Pioche record. [volume] (Pioche, Nev.) 1908-1925, July 02, 1920, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86091349/1920-07-02/ed-1/seq-7/

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FrMnr. Jwhr 2. l?0.
0lirnl vIau HiipIii ,
. L uir riruHUiy luicB leacurea tne turn tig over, for a
ftrJTSr.i doc,k8.an?. ,err,e" to Mayor ,,,,an' th ,oot
lo rk city. It 1 the first such landing place the city has opened.
" '
Little Health Crusaders. Hold
School children "Health Crusaders"
ZlZl foheVrr
Italian Airmen
"" ri rT-rrnnn i mm w m
0 " M J
- In the estimation of many the recent feat performed by the Italian airmen,
Major Turelli and Lieutenant Ferrarln, In their flight from Rome, Italy, across
the uncharted wastes of Turkey, India and finally China, was a more
frightfully dangerous undertaking than the spanning of the Atlantic ocean,
l'hotograph shows the aviators undQkhelr machine shortly after arrival at
Shanghai. Left to right: Major Turelli, his wife, and Lieutenant Ferrarln.
Typical Natives
Though more a land of tears than cheers, these happy natives may be
seen guyly waving a greeting to the camera man In the newly formed republic
of Livonia. This new nation is fighting actively against the bolshevlM. Thou
sands of destitute Russians are being cared for by toe American committee
for Russian relief.
Seaplane Landing Station
i . i ...
of Washington. D. C U, costume
SUrg6JU f
in Daring Feat
of Livonia
seaplane tainlinff Ktnfhin hv r.,mv
taking part In the health crusade
Mrs. Ivy Nasur, 21 years old, of
Columbus, O., photographed In prison
In New York, where she Is being held
on the charge of masquerading as a
man. She left her husband five months
ago and has traveled more than 700
miles with only -ten cents in her pocket.
Got. Lynn Frazler of North Dakota
who is being considered by the "Coin
mittee of 48," which will hold its rm
tional convention in Chicago July 1
with a view to putting a third part
in the field, as a possible presidents '
Chi Id. Heart.
The truly great man is he who
doea not lose bis child heart. ALti-
:A if) - "1
hfj -V-.-j
! if j r
l " :.( ivv .;;'!
316 Do r o-Budar 5
(tiii 1 1 ' wi i i f 5 'v''k Jlil
Il airplane marks the
beginning of the end
of the "silent places."
When the aviator
comes Into bis own,
time and space will
lose their meaning
as far as this earth
is concerned. For ex
ample, the big game
hunter climbs Into his
airplane at Seattle.
Presto I lie ! at Monnt
McKInley In Alaska where are count
less caribou, mountain sheep and
moose and not even a national park
ranger or a territorial game warden
to say him nay.
Reverse the picture I While the
airplane means that the new places
of earth will soon have lost their new
ness, It also means that some of the
old, old places of earth so old that
the-busy world has almost forgotten
them will again attract the public
because they can be reached.
For example, In the center of Java
stands Boro-Budurl Never heard of
Boro-Budur! Quite likely. Yet it
was built at least 12 centuries ago,
and It is a more impressive relic of
the labors of the ancients of earth
than the great pyramid. Once It was
visited by thousands of devout wor
shipers. Now the Jungle has crowded
In about t and It Is a large undertak
ing to reach It until airplane service
shall have been established I
It Is a peculiar fact, says Francis
Dickie, in the Scientific American,
that sonw of the great wonders of the
world are known to the general run of
men and women almost from Infancy,
while others, quite as remarkable, In
deed more so, remain unknown to the
world at large. The most striking ex
ample of this Is the magnificent hill
temple of Boro-Budur, one of the most
gigantic and finest works ever reared
by the ancients. - Boro-Budur repre
sents more human labor and artistic
skill than the great pyramid. Yet
everyone has heard of the great pyra
mid, while practically no one knows
of Boro-Budur.
Boro-Budur was built about the sev
enth century, A. D., as far as Is
known from philological research. It
ties In central Java and owes Its origin
tfc Buddhism. The ashes of Buddha
were distributed by his great apostle.
King Osoka of India, to eight towns
where they were buried. Some time
after the ashes were taken from the
tombs and redlvlded Into 84,000 parts.
These were preserved In vases and
given out over all his dominions.' When
the Buddhist missionaries came to
Java in the seventh century they
brought one of these vases and, as a
fitting receptacle for this, Boro-Budur,
the world's greatest temple, was
erected the finest piece of architec
ture of Its kind In the then known
world, and one which has never been
rivaled since.-
For about 800 rears Boro-Budur
was visited by millions of worshipers;
then a, Mohnmmednn Invasion swept
the country and the temple was de
sertedv Jungle grew about It nnd vol
canic debris, from the countless active
craters the Island Is famous for, cov
ered It.
In 1014 It was discovered by acci
dent by Sir Stamford Rattles, who
The Useful. Sunflower
It has been found thut every part
of the sunflower plant may be util
ised for some economic purpose. The
leaves form a cattle : food ' and the
stems contain fiber which may be
used successfully In making paper.
The pith of the sunflower stalk la the
lightest substance known; Its specific
gravity Is 0028. while that of elder
Is 0.1W. and cork 054. The dlacoT
sw of the extreme ltghtnesa of the
started the work of restoring the tem
ple to something of Its former glory,
which was continued by the Dutch au
thorities when they took back the
Island at the close of the Napoleonic
wars. Due to this restorative work,
the temple can be seen today much
as It was 1.300 years ago.
Its out-of-tbe-way position and the
rather Indifferent service by train,
pony cart, and later nu'o-bus, are the
principal reasons why it Is not being
visited by more travelers. In addition
to this. It has not been extensively ad
vertised like the pyramids. All this
now bids fair to be changed, for even
In the Malay archipelago the land of
rest, "tomorrow" and backwardness
things are now going ahead with leaps
and bounds.
The most startling of all is the proj
ect of an airplane service to handle
moll and passengers between different
points In the archipelago. The un
dertaking is backed by Dutch capital
ists, the most conservative men In the
world, so It may be taken for granted
that It is thoroughly feasible or they
would not have considered it. ,
And with airplane service Boro
Budur may come Into Its own. This
world wonder, so long unheard of and
neglected by the world at large, will
be visited by thousands of globe trot
ters availing themselves of the air
plane service.
To tell fully of all the temple's mar
vels and beauties would take a book.
Of it Alfred Russell Wallace, the great
scientist, said : "The human labor and
skill expended on Boro-Budur Is so
great that thnt expended on .the
great pyramid sinks Into Insignificance
beside It." The following brief de
scription will convey to the reader
something of the magnificence and the
grandeur of this huge hill temple:
One of the views shows Boro-Budur
as it Is today, an artificial many-sided
mound, a series of galleries, cupolas
and spires, surmounted by a vast cen
tral lome, 52 feet In diameter, which
at one time, it is supposed, was crown
id with a spire. Upon ascending the
outer terrace of this hill temple, a
30-sided plain is reached. This, how
ever, is not the original foundation.
Excavation has disclosed two other
terraces six and ten feet respectively
below the level of this plain. The
Buddhist builders apparently deemed
It advisable In this way to strengthen
their structure while In course of erec
tion. Formerly a heavy stone para
pet surrounded the existing plain.
In the middle of each of the four
sides of this parapet an opening gave
access to a flight of stairs, at tbe
sides of which were heavy banisters.
At the'lower end of the stairs are huge
laughing lions of stone, which still re
main with their fixed laughter after
1..100 years. From the plain similar
stairs lead up to the irregularly-shaped
galleries and on to the great circular
one surrounding the dome, the latter
thus being reached without It being
necessary to pass through the Interven
ing ones. Each of those many-angled
terraces Is about ten feet above the
preceding one, with a width between
the walls of about seven feet, and Is
drained ty . gargoyles representing
mythical monsters, through the mouths
of which the water Is led.
At each angle Is a Buddha seated in
pith of the stalk has essentially In
creased the commercial value of the
plant. Tills light cellular substance
Is now carefully ; removed from the
stalks and applied to many Important
uses. One of Its chief uses is tbe
making of life-saving appliances.
"To Forgive Is to Forgst"
In a divorce case heard recently In
Glasgow the question arose as to the
difference between "condonation" and
"forgiveness," the New York Evening
Sua' stafta f be judge decided that
Jill II J
. . . l
a niche. It is surmounted by a cupoJev
The Buddha is seated upon a lorw
leaf with a halo around Its head. Tto
figure Is almost nude. As the viewer
passes around these galleries both
sides are seen to consist of a series
of sculptured pictures, surmounted
with domes and pinnacles wtttk
Buddhas on all sides gaslng at one
with their Inscrutable eyes. All tbe '
wonderfully artistic scenes are from
the life of Buddha, depicting It from
the time he left his lotua leaf throna
to descend to earth, and his successive,
reincarnations until attaining Nirvana,
the desired spiritual haven of Bud
dhism. These sculptures are in high -relief
centered In rectangular frames.
Each relief Is a scene from the history
of Buddha, and the whole series forms
a complete story of his life, from his
birth to his death. It Is stated that
If all the reliefs were placed In a
straight line they would extend for
three miles. It Is estimated that them
must be 20,000 carved figures In. all.
From the fourth gallery access to
the upper level Is gained by a stairs or
12 steps. This level has only an outer
wall upon which is erected three circu
lar terraces, one rising a few feet
above the other. - Upon this are 72
remarkably uniform lattice-worked
stone dagabas or shrines, each culmin
ating In a slender spire. Erich of these
beautiful bell-shaped shrtnes contains
a statue of Buddha, each statue facing;
toward the central dome, which signi
fies that it Is utterly detached from
all the temptations and cares of thl
wicked world. - .
Such is a brief description of tbe
main points of Boro-Budur, the world's
greatest temple, and the finest exam
ple of ancient Indian art, which will
soon be made accessible by airplane.
Perhaps In the years to come this world
wonder may attain fame equal to
that of the great pyramid. But
at present it stands utterly unknown
to the world at large.
' New Anesthetic Developed. " J
A highly refined ether, modified by
the addition of certain gases, has been
found superior aa an anesthetic. It
eliminates pain without loss of con
sciousness and reduces to a minimum
the nausea that generally follows the
use of ether.
The ability to produce insensibility
to pain without loss of consciousness
opens up an entirely new field, Inclcd-.
Ing many operations which are now
performed without any attempt ' to
eliminate pain. Certain types of den
tal operations and obstetrical case
IIlusLrate one point," as well as the
changing of packing, and dressing of
severe wounds. Scientific American.
In a Christian, as well as a lay sense.
It was assumed that every man bad
a slate on which were written the
faults of his wife. Then forgiveness,
would be the complete wiping oft the
slate cf the record. In condonation
there was no blotting out. The record
remained on the slate and was only
covered over with a piece of paper wttb
the' remark; "That will obscure the
record until another matrlatnlal of
fense occurs." Thea the paper would)
be raised and the record aud the mar
ital sin waa still tre. "

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