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THE PIOCHE RECORD
Friday, September 3. 1J20. 1 4 ! V i i t si I. ! FilESIOEIJTllFFIRfJS COAL WAGE RAISE AWARD OF EIGHTY-FIVE MILLION DOLLARS ANNUAL INCREASE OFFICIALLY APPROVED. Award While Providing Improved Con ditions for Workers, Offers No Justification for Advance in Retail Prices, Is Claimed. Wachlngton. President Wilson on August 30 approved the majority re- , port of Uie anthracite coal commission Increasing the wages of con tract rain era 20 per cent over present rated. Miners employed as company men are riven an Increase of 17 per cent and the same amount Is given "con sideration miners" and and miners' la borers and monthly men. The findings, the report Mild, would fix a minimum rate of S2 cents per hour for the lower paid men In the anthracite Industry. The weridont struck out of the re. port a provision fixing the terms of retroactive payments under the award, which, he said, was outside the com mission a jurisdiction. Thomas Ken nedy, chairman of the miner' scale committee, had protested this feature of the award, be said. Anthracite mine workers will re ceive about $18,000,000 in back pay under the retroactive feature, and the total Increase awarded to the 175,000 miners will average, the commission said, at least $85,000,000 annually. The majority report declared that the award offers no Justification for any advance in the retail price of coal, but, on the other hand, is con sistent with a decline In prices. The minority report was signed by Com missioner Ferry. , The decision refused the United Mine Workers' demand for a closed hop and the installation of a "check off system." Interest of the general public in the award centered largely In the effect on the price of hard coal. The com mission said that while making sub stantial Improvement in the situation of the miners. It had declined to com mit Itself to a decision that might Just ly be considered an encouragement to the so-called "vicious upward spiral" of prices. The result, the commission said, was that the awards, while providing im proved conditions for the workers, could offer no justification for any ad vances In the retail prices of coal. THROWN ON OWN RE30URCE3. Railroads Begin Operations Without Benefit of Federal Guarantees. , Washington. The railroads of the country began operation on their own resources Tuesday night after having cost the government approximately $100,000,000 monthly for the six months In which their earnings were guaranteed by the transportation act. The carriers will be allowed further aid from the government only through loans from revolving funds. Earnings of the roads will fall about $000,000,000 below their standard re turn for the period since March 4, ac cording to estimates by the bureau of railway economics. Fewer than half a score of lines have produced revenue sufficient to equal actual operating expenses, which do not .Include the fixed charges of interest, taxes and dividends. Definite figures on the cost to the government of the earnings guarantee provisions of the transporta tion act will not be known for several months. All of the roads have Indicated al ready that they will have money com ing to them as a result of the guaran tee. The treasury has received doz ens of certifications for advances un der the guurantee within the last ten days, and more are expected. REDS FIGHTING DESPERATELY Begin Counter-Offensive Against Poles and Take Four Villages. London. Russian soviet forces en gaged In a counter-offensive against ' the Poles east of Brest-Lltovsk have occupied four villages In that vicinity. Near Lemberg there Is heavy fighting going on and in the Vlodava and Grub eshoff regions there is local fighting. This Information was received here Tuesday in a wireless dispntch from (Moscow containing an official state ment Issued there Monday. Road Building Expenditures. Washlngton-Comblned federal and state expenditures for road building may reach a total of $250,000,000 dur ing the current fiscal year, according to Thomas H. MacDonald, chief of the bureau of public roads, department of agriculture. Fell Four Floors to Death. New York Fred Lent, a theatrical manager, was Instantly killed when he fell from the fourth floor of the hotel where be mude his borne. It was said be lost his balance while telephoning, falling through an open window. Flro Destroys. Famous Resort Toklo Japans' famous resort, Ikao, located In the Ikao mountains west of this city, was swept by fire and about three-quarters of the town was , de trvpd. Many people bad narrow es tzzJ from death. GIVIL WAR HARES FORTH III IRELWID FIERCE BATTLE BETWEEN SINN FEINERS AND UNIONISTS RACES IN CITY STREETS. Eleven Dead, Many Wounded and Fearful Destruction of Property As Result of Encounter; Ma chine Guna Being Used. Belfast, Ireland. Eleven are lii and at least fifty wounded, many of whom will proahly die from their woundx, as a result of Satuduy night's rioting In this city. A feature of the rioting' was the ex tent of the destruction of property ly Incendlurylsiii. The fire brigade liud an especially hard time during the night In fighting the flames. Their work was rendered hideous by the con stant rattle of machine guns. The Sinn Felners were In strong force and a- peared to be well supplied with amis and ammunition. The greatest of bitterness was dis played during the fighting. There was a great amount of wrecking of bouses and the burning of furniture, both Indoors and on the street. The yells of the mob, shrieks of women and children and groans of the Injured were audible throughout the fighting. When the rioting was at its worst women could be seen, clad in their night attire, rushing from their homes, attempting to lead their fumllles from the danger zone. The excitement was Intense until 10 o'clock Sunday morning. Isolated firing was to be heard throughout Sun day forenoon, and the people were ap prehensive lest there should be a re newal of the disorders at nlghtfull. In broad daylight Sunduy Sinn Feln ers entered Ballry castle, County An trim, barracks and decamped with all arms and ammunition. A well-known republican, called at the barracks and engaged the garrison sergeant and three constables In conversation, when a motor duBhed up and five men, re volvers In hand, leaned out and ran past the party Into the barracks. The police were too surprised to offer re sistance. The Sinn Fein notice posted near New Market railway station, Cork, says thut all military found outdoors after 9 p. m. will be severely dealt with. Buying Implements for Villa. El Paso. Luis Montes de Oca, Mex ican consul general here, says that he has been ordered by his government to purchase thousands of dollars' worth of agricultural Implements for Francisco Villa, former revolutionary leader, and his men. Sultan Refuses to Lead Troops. Constantinople. The sultan of Tur key has refused to lead his forces against the nationalists, declaring them to be too 'few in number. The sultan's forces consist of only two bat tailous. - Three Men Asphyxiated. Cheyenne. Three men were asphyx iated by natural gns in the remote Lit tle Buffalo basin oil field In northern Wyoming, according to messages reaching here Saturday night. PRINCE ANTOINE BIBESCU Prince Antoine Bibescu of Rou mania, who will come to Washington as Roumanian minister. His wife was Elizabeth Asquith, daughter of Her bert H. Asquith, former British pre mier. He la well known In Washing, ton, having served as a member of the Roumanian mission during the waft ,.:.-,,, Notifies Polios, Then Suicidea. . .. Los Angeles. -The police received a letter signed by Tlllle M. Mann, di recting them to call at her home and get her body for cremation. They sent men, who found the house locked and Mrs. Mann dead In a gas-filled room. Oklahoma Mob Lynches White Man. Tulsa, Okia. A mob estimated at 2000 persons participated in the lynch ing of Tom M. Owens, white, accused of the shooting several days ago of Homer Ntda, a taxlcab driver, who Cod at a hospital Friday. IK- The End of SERIOUS E REPORTED III CHILE MOBILIZATION FOR ALLEGED PO LITICAL PURPOSES CHARGED BY SOLDIERS. Troops Clamoring to Return to Homes Are Victims of Machine Guns Turned Against Tiem by Former Comrades. Lima, Peru. Reports received through official channels from the Pe ruvian frontier, state thu serious mu tinies resulting in the killing of a num ber of persons, huve occurred within the last few days among 15,000 Chil ean troops reported to be concentrat ed In Tueno ami Arlca. The mobilization reported Is alleged ly lKflltlcul for the purpose of remov ing from Suntiugo and Valparaiso troops which were favorable to the presidential candidacy of Arturo Ales- sundrl, nominee of the Liberal alilunee. The report states that the troops ure clamoring to return to their homes. Machine guns were used during the disturbances and many were klllled and wounded, the advices said. OFFICIALS LAX, DRYS CLAIM. Anti-Saloon League Not Satisfied With Prohibition Enforcement. Washington. United States judges and district attorneys, corrupted fed eral agents and the political campaign ure charged by Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel for the Anti-Saloon league, with responsibility for unsat isfactory enforcement of the prohibi tion law In several stutes. - , In n statement issued August 29, Mr. Wheeler alleges thut district judges huve aided the bootleggers by giving small fines and showing antag onism to the law, thut district attor neys have precluded enforcement by demanding too much evidence and thut state and federal officers alike are making the prohibition law a "political football." While pointing out the laxity of the law's enforcement, the Antl-Suloon league official says that all will come out right in the end and that pres ent conditions need not alarm friends of prohibition. - MILLIONS LOST TO POPULATION Nations Engaged in War Show a Fear ful Loss. Washington. Due to war influences, ta European nations. engaged in the world war show a potential loss In pop ulation of 35,30,000 persons since 11)14, according to a statistical research con ducted by the Society for Studying the Sociul Consequences of War of Copen hagen,', made public Friday by the American Hed Cross. Causes of the abnormal falling off la population were attributed in the society's report as follows : killed in war, 9,819,000; deaths due to augmentation of mortality, econom ic blockades, war epidemics, 5,;h1,(MK); fall lu birth rate due to mobilization of 50,0000,000 men between ao and 4: years f age 110,00,000. Dominion Police Are Mutinous. Ottawa Twenty-eight members of the Dominion itollce in this city, re cently umulgamuted with the Royal Cunudiun- mounted- police, huve- mu t'ned. They object to devoting so much of their time to drilling, and also pea test because their wages are Insuffi cient to meet the cost of living. When the men refused to take part in the customary drill, they were Informed bv the commissioner that their act con stltuted mutiny and that stern disci p'lnary uiessures would have to be taken. Spruce Railroad Sold. " Portland, Captain Henry E. Walk er, assistant treasurer of the United States Spruce Production corporation, has announced the sale of the governs ment spruce railroad in Loncoln coun ty, Ore. ; t- Harding Champions Rail Measure. Gallon, Ohio. Facing an audience of railway employes, some of whom he recognized as hostile to his position Senator Harding on Friday, mllitantly championed the Cuinmlns-Esch rail way act passed by the last congress. D Vacation Trail V r I iltl MAI STEP UP WID VOTE SECRETARY COLBY ISSUES PROC LAMATION FOLLOWING RAT. IFICATION BY TENNESSEE Equal Suffrage Becomes Basic Law of Country Without Pomp or Cere mony Women Will Vote In November. Washington. Without pomp or ceremony. Secretary Colby on August -Ml signed the proclamation declaring the woman suffrage amendment "to all intents and purposes a part of the eoiiMitution of the United States." The secretary's signature, was af fixed to the proclamation at his home at 8 ii. m, a few hours after he had received from Governor Roberts of Tennessee the certificate that final fa voruble action on the amendment had been tuken by the legislature of that state. The quiet manner in which Mr. Colby acted was a disappointment to some suffrage workers, who had hoped to make a ceremony of his act, but they contented themselves with their own jubilation ceremonies. In cluding a mass meeting at night. They united In statements that nothing now can be done to prevent the women from voting In November. "The seal of the United States has been duly affixed to the certificate, and the suffrage amendment Is now the nineteenth umendment to the con stitution." Secretary Colby announced on reaching his office. A desire to avoid the limelight and to prevent prouslng feeling among suffrage workers as to whom should be present, prompted the quiet setting. Mr. Colby explained also that his "only purpose was to pursue a simple duty." Vessel Tieup Likely Failure. New York. British steamship lines have apparently won a victory over the 2000 or more longshoremen who sought to -tie up all vessels flying the British flag by a strike which they de clared would continue until Archbish op Mannlx Is allowed on Irish soli and Terence MacSweney, lord mayor of Cork, is released from prison. Arab Parliament to be Opened. London. According to the Dully Mail, It has been decided to establish an Arab parliament In Mesopotamia and also an Arab cuhinet with British advisers. R. M. LA FOLLETTE, JR. Robert M. La Fcllette, Jr., son of the senator from Wisconsin. ' Watermelon for Condemned Man. OssJnlng, N. Y , The largest water melon obtainable on the local market featured the last dinner of Frank Kelly, negro murderer, who was con demned to die Friday night In the elec tric chair at Sing Sing. , Action Barring Japanese Urged. Denver. A proposal that the Unit ed States adopt a Japanese exclusion act similar to the measure now in force regarding Chinese, led to a nest ed debate In the convention of the League of the Southwest bare. ii muni II IV VVUI S ORDERED TO DA fZ u WILL SEE THAT OUR SHIPS HAVE FULL PRIVILEGE OF LANDING CARGOES. United States in Accord With France and Italy in Stand Taken Regard ing Polish Occupation of Rus sian Territory. Washington. It was announced ty Secretary of the Navy Daniel on Sat urday that Admiral llu-e and the American squadron now ut Ilcval had been ordered to proceed from that Jort to Danzig. Luter in the day Secretary Colby held m conference with Admiral Knapp ut the department of slate. It was learned from an official aonrt-e that a complete new t-et of In structions were sent to Admiral 1 1 use. They are so revolutionary, in fact, thai they constitute a material change of policy on the part of the United Slates. First and most important of nil. It it as'-ertalned. the American government has determined not to Insist that the Polish armies remain within the ethnic borders of Poland, but that they shall be permitted to proceed a sufficient distance into Russian territory to safe guard Poland against further Invasion by the soviet armies. In this the United States is in thorough accord with France, regardless of the attitude assumed by Great Britain. Italy and the other nations. Poland has already been Informed of this change, but is warned that her armies must not pro ceed far enough Into Russian territory to arouse suspicion as to the good faith of her purposes. It Is expected by the state depart ment that this liberty of action to Po land will be more effective In bring ing about peace thnn any other sug gestion yet made. In granting It, the United States and France virtually accede to the urgent request of Poland thut a provisional strugetic line he fixed preliminary to a final boundary that shall be agreed uiMju by all nations, Including Russia, at a council of ambassadors. Dispatch of Admiral Huse's squad ron to Danzig is In accord with the determination by this government that American merchant ships shall huve the full privilege of landing cargoes ut thut port. The first American test will come when the Warsnwa, an American ship loaded wh munitions and supplies, and now two days at sea from Ant werp, arrives at Danzig. Discussing the overnight decision to send the squadron from Reval, Secretary Dan iels said, "I can only say that It was at the request of the state depart ment, to protect' American Interests." It was learned here that France Is already acting under the policy. After wrangling for two days with Sir Reg inald Tower, a French cruiser took the situation in hand and began discharg ing arms and ammunition for the Poles at Danzig. It was announced that It was hoped these supplies could be delivered to the Polish forces by good will of the workmen, but If nec essary force would be used. Special Session for West Virginia. Charleston, W. Va. Governor J. J. Cornwell on Sunday declared he woulrj call an extra session of the legislature to enact special legislation that wo men might vote In November, In view of the fact that the legislature had failed to act on his suggestion to pass such laws at the last session. Bailey Beaten In Texas. Dallas, Tex. Former United States Senator Joseph W. Bailey has been decisively, defeated on the face of the latest returns from the "run-off" to decide the Democratic gubernatorial race. His opponent. Congressman Pat rick Neff of Waco, has been elected. Coal Miners Threaten Strike. , Wllkesbarre, Pa. Action that amounts to a general strike order to lifi.OOO union miners of the anthracite coal field, was taken Sunday by 300 delegates of the miners' locals, after a bitter session that lasted all day. Auto Racers Burned to Death. Santa Rosa, Cal.Two automobile racers were burued to death beneath their overturned car and a seven-year-old spectator was killed Instantly when a light car In the Sonomu county fair races here Sunday blew out a reur tire, left the track and crashed Into a tree. Bolshevikl Recapture Grodno. Copenhagen. Russian Bolshevik forces have recaptured Grodno, says a Koenigsburg dispatch to the Berilnk ske Ttdend. The report adds that the Poles also have been forced to evacu ate l'.lalystok. Three Killed In Gun Fight, Santa Fe, N. M.A gun fight, r sultlngjtrom a quurrel over land boun daries, resulted In the killing of three men at Lumberton, Rio Arriba county, according to word received Saturday by the district attorney here. . Toys From Japan Arrive. Jn! Tacoma Seven thousand cases of Cnrl8tmas toys from Janan wofa n re loaded hero l" "uw every important city to the United States. A total of 878,- 900 "titles Is la the shipment. P1AHD KOrtTIirEST The population of Las Vegas. Ko eada. lu Increased nearly 150 per cent ia tie past tea years, aceordin; lo the federal centos figures. Oark county, Xerada. hoed aa "' "- ot 4tl3 per cent lo population durifcg the Iat ten years, according t reaau returns made public last week. Three prlsoiters escaped from tht rounty Jail at Baker. Ore., by lower ing Iht-tnselves frotn a th!rd-try wio- uow with a roe made from their bedding, after prjlug off a window bar. There is ho trouble lu getting a t In Nevada, according to the Ileno em ployment agencies, either skilled or unskilled. In fact, employment I more plentiful than men, who appar- ently care to work. Klmer Btishbuum. 26, a bookkeeper, was killed, and Kdlth Casbner and Avlce Bltzan were seriously injured when the auto In which they were riding wei.t over an embankment even miles west of Billings, Mont. Market experts predict that MobUna will ship about 160.000 head of cattle to market this season, or about 35 per cent of the last year's shipments, which totaled 475.000 and established a precedent In the cattle his.ory of the state. A collision of two switch engines at Curlin. Nevada, resulted in the loss of a leg by Engineer F. R, Jiirdsall who as rushed to the hospital at Ogden, Utah, In what proved to be a vain effort to save the leg, which was. badly crushed. James C Bulger, president of the Colorado Federation of Labor, has teltgraphed to Secretary of War Baker pretesting against United States sol di rs riding on Denver street cars and "assisting and protecting strikebreak ers In the operation of cars." The Pacific & Eastern railroad was sold at public auctljn at Medford. Ore., under direction of the United States court to M. D. Olds of She boygan, Mich., for $l!Mi.00O. Olds, who bas been a heavy timber purchaser it this section, was the only bidder. Estimates of the potato crop in Ne vada this year range close to 1.000,0i bushels. The government crop estimate places the yield at 5G,000 bushels, compared with 000,000 bushels a year ago. The acreage is estimated at 0000 acres, about the same as a yenf ago. Fifty loggers, who were ousted from their Jobs at the Shaffer logging camp near Montesano because they refused to become citizens, have been replaced by men who are citizens or are willing to take out their -first papers, Ue Loyal Legion of Lumbermen and Loggers announced. Uncontrolled blazes In the woods of the Flathead national forest in north western Montana, the Kanlksu forest In northern Idaho and northeastern Washington and the Selway forest In northern Idaho, today present the most serious problem to the fire-fighting or ganization of district No. 1 of the for est service. The excitement at Ely, Nevada, caused by the flow of gas which wu encountered In the Petroleum Com pany well In the Illlpah Basin a few days ago has about subsided. The drill is continuing on its course down ward and the management is of the opinion that with depth -a big flow or oil will be encountered. Warning has been Issued at Tncom against the oriental fly, which is re ported to have Infested the city. A man was bitten, with the result that his arm swelled to twice Its normal size. Reports are current that several women have been bitten by the fly. It is believed the fly was brought to this country on oriental boats. Carl Chrlstensen. 38. a lineman of Denver, was instantly killed near Tor rlngton, Wyo., while working u a high-tension electric wire. The lines were supiwsediy dead, but for some unknown reason the current was turned on and. Chrlstensen, who was at the top of a thlrty-fnot pole, was badly burned and thrown to the ground. He died two hours later. Although a state quarantine exists In Utah against entrance of sheep into . that state from Idaho without certifi cation from the United States bureau of animal industry that the animals, have been dipped against scabies, It was decided by the executive commit tee of the state livestock board lust . week that sheep might be brought In for the ram sale on nn Inspection cer tificate from the same federal bureau. Circuit Judge Morrow at Portland dismissed the test case brought by Deputy District Attorney Bernard. -charging Henry Brigardeuu with be Ing a member of an order advocating criminal syndicalism and the disrup tion of government. The court held that simply being a member tTtd not constitute a violation of the, state rrlmlnul syndicalism act, whiehtute ;f the unlawfulness of "becoming" a member. , ; One Nevada man on the civilian rifle team, Oase of Ely. has won prlre awney in the Wimbledon and LeaoH up of matches at Camp Perry, ac cording to reports that have been sent to the adjutant-general, More than seven hundred men were entered in each of these contests. ! State ' tuition funds amounting 1 to $171,071.60 have been apportioned by the superintendent of public Instruc tion to the seventeen counties of the state ot Nevada on a basis of the school census showing 14,488 persons of school age, and 049 teachers.