Newspaper Page Text
Friday. April 1. 1921.
THE PIOCHE RECORD Our New Hospital Ship and Its Commander A view of the operating room on tin- U. S. S. i ,.nf. Uncle Sam's new hospital ship which was recently oiuuwi rioued at the Phiiadelphi navy y:irl The Rell.-f l fr use of the officer and enlisted men of the Atluiulc Heet Inset is a portrait of her commander. It. C. lloW-oinb of ih navy medical corps. Many Schools Serious Menace rancis Tens of Thousands of Children in United State? Are Reported Housed in Firetraps. REPORTS FROM 429 CITIES 453,000 Pupils Either on Half-Time Study or in Unsuited Quarters Survey Conducted by Chamber of Commerce Committee. New York. Tens of thousands of reboot children housed in firetraps and hundreds of thousands of them either on half time or in makeshift buildings Is the condition in 429 cities of tlie United States, as disclosed in a report made public here. The report was Issued by the na tional committee for chamber of com merce co-operation with the public schools on a survey conducted by the American dty bureau. The committee was organized in February, 1020, to Inquire into school t'onditions. Its executive committee Is headed by George D. Strayer of Teachers' college, Columbia university, New York. The evidence presented "shows clearly that there are tens of thou sands of children now housed in old, unsanitary, dangerous buildings," says Mr. Btrayer in his Introduction to the report. "Many of these structures are best classified as firetraps." Data From 429 Cities. Data was received from 429 cities. The report says: "These facts, ob tained from 75 per cent of all the cities reporting, show . that in these cities, even excluding those housed In annexes where conditions may be normal, there are more than 453,000 children who are either on half time because of lack of building space or are housed in portables, rented build ings, attics, basements or corridors. It would require an average of two 30-rooin buildings In each of these cit ies to properly house these groups of children alone." The report sets forth statistically the Inadequacy of playground space. "It Is clear that lu many cities chil dren arc now housed lu buildings in which there is less space on the play ground than is supplied lu the class rooms m which they are taught," says Mr. Strayer in the Introduction. "Three tu'lUon six hundred thousand children are represented in this report on playgrounds," it Is slated, "and the study discloses that one-half of them 1,800,000 children have each a play giound less than six by six feet per pupil, and many of them have no play ground at all. "These facts of limited playground space," says the report, "present one of tlie serious problems confronting those who are .interested lu the wel fare of American school children. Whatever the cost, adequate play ground space should he provided for those school buildings already erect ed in congested districts. I'ubllc sen timent must become so strong that it will he considered a breach of trust for school authorities to erect a school building on a site that will not afford adequate playground space for all the pupils housed in the building." Few Fireproof Buildings. On the subject of fire hazard in schools the report states: "Only five per cent of the total number of braid ings are of the types constructed su- ally called fireproof. Only a small number have fireproof elements to lessen the fire hazard to the children. At least 25 per cent of the two poor est types of buildings are of two or more stories, and do not have a fire escape. Thirty-nine per cent of these two types are without fire extinguish ers and less than ten per cent of them have automatic sprinkler equipment in any part of the buildings. Only 11 per cent have automatic fire alarms. Such facts as these demonstrate the exist ence of a real menace to the children of these cities." . One-half of pres- nt day schools were built prior to 17. The report direct attention to "the large number of children between the ages of thirteen and sixteen jears who leave the public schools," and adds: "There probably is no more serious problem or one more difficult to solve now facing the people of tiiis coun try." According to the reports from 290 cities 6 per cent of the children have left school before their thirteenth year, 19 per cent before fourteen, 38 per cent before fifteen, and 64 per cent before they are sixteen years old. "In the geographical groups," the report continues, "the highest per cent of these children remain In the western cities. Next In order are the great plains cities, then the southern, the great lakes, and the lowest of all are the eastern cities. In this last group only 29 per cent of tlie children sixteen years of age, and 50 per cent of those from fourteen to sixteen years, inclusive, are in school." I II M Tir 11 in f TT E M II gi X SB i JLHJ'Ji HMHI IVB-JI U7 H- nip J?? ( JliBli f V R -3. WILL EXPLORE PERRY ISLAND yt . y 7 y 0 4 f J v C3jjl . jfcx- fc- A I , Sir Ernest Shackleton to Leave May or June on New Polar v Expedition. Christianla. Sir Ernest Shackleton, the antarctic explorer, will leave in May or June on a new polar expedi tion. He will take with him a dozen men chiefly those who accompanied him on former expeditions, and contemplates being away for about two years. The Norwegian whaling boat, 'Snca I, has been purchased for the expedi tion, and in all proi. ability it will first proceed to Hudson hay. where 150 dogs will he taken on board. Thence the expedition will proceed to Axel Heiberg's land. From' there Sir Ernest intends to explore the islands east ward to Terry island, this being the main ooject of the expedition. Not Crime to Kill Dying Belgian Court Acquits Man Who Shot Girl Who Tried to Commit Suicide. Brussels, Belgium. Tlie question whether or not a person Is guilty of a crime In hastening the death of an other who is suffering from a mortal wound has been decided In the nega tive here In the case of a married man who shot and killed a girl who at tempted to commit suicide. His plea was that she was dying and that he killed her rather than watch her suf fer. He was arrested, but acquitted of the charge of murder by tlie Bra- hnut Court of Assizes. Tlie man was Jerome Hermans, thir- Indian Princess Christens New Sub ty-two years old, and the girl was C'ollne Vaudyck, age elghteeu. They had a love affair and the attempt at suiciue resuiteu. xne snooting oc curred In the P.ois do Cambre. Brus sels' largest public park. "Collne ran from the path Into c inicKei, saiu Hermans, "l heard a shot and ran after her. She ha1 shot herself In the temple, but was still alive. I could not see her suffer and I took her revolver and shot her in the neck. Then she was still, and I shot myself." Hermans recovered from his wound and was in prison for eight months until acquitted. Medical testimony given at the trial was to the effect that the girl s suicidal wound ultimately would have been fatal. l.L food Americans stand while the band plays "The Star-Spangled Ban ner"; It is officially our national hymr. In the navy and is generally so regarded by the na tion. Doubtless most of those who stand know tbut it was written by Francis Scott Key, though very few know that it Is sung to the tune of "Anucreen in Heaven." How many know the when, where and how of Its writing? The citizens of Baltimore staged an Impressive pageant of the centenary of the Battle of North Point and Fort Mcllenry during the week of Septem ber 12, 1914. Congress appropriated $7".,000 for the erection of a monu ment to Key, this monument to be dedicated this summer with annronii- te ceremonies. It Is therefore timely to recall the stirring events which led to the writing of tills Immortal song. Representative J. Charles Llnthlcum of Maryland In a recent speech In the house reviewed those events u.Vl said, among other things: Mr. Llnthieuin This monument now to be dedicated by the national gov ernment to that immortal poet is but a fitting tribute from tlie government to my native state of Maryland for the heroism, generosity and support of Its people during the troublous times of 1812. -r- c I the 0 Wherein Cupid Gets Best of Father-in-Law l'lilladeljihla. The romance of Oscar Sheiuleroff, deutal stu-di-nt, which got mixed up when his father-in-lav "kidnaped" his bride of a few hours, is mended again. Shonderoff married eighteen year-old Myrtle Stewart, daugh ter of William Stewart, retired printer of Denver. Colo. That night her father summoned thorn for an interview. He urged his daughter be al lowed stay with him all night. ShoiiderofT relumed the uext day to find that his bride had disappeared. He went to Wa.-li-inston, where he knew her fu tlier had friends. Boarding a cur lu Washing ton to begin Ills hunt, he was startled to see his bride on u corner waiting for a street car. Then tame, the reunion am' Shenderoff and bride returned here without bidding "dud" farewell. Princess Tocoomas. an Indian, who In private life Is Mis. James O. Oer- malne of Norwich. Conn., christened the new American submarine S-48, when It wan launched at Brldcenort. Conn. She If shown here with her Indian party ; and the Illustration also gives an unusual view of the hull of the new wejuwL To the strong support of Maryland, and particularly of Its metropolis. Bui-, timore, Is largely due the successful termination of that war. It was a Baltimore man Minister Plnekney who asked for his leave of England, and was made Attorney General of the United States, and wrote the declara tion of war. Maryland gave to the war more offi cers, ships, and seamen than any other state. She supplied 46 officers, or nearly one-fifth of all the officers, of the American navy. Virginia supplied 42, which was more than all New Eng land. Baltimore supplied 51 privateers; Satem, 40; Boston, 32; and Philadel phia, 14; and the state of Maryland equipped over 100 privateers in all. It U estimated that the loss to England's commerce by the Baltimore privateer captures alone was over $16,000,000. It was Commodore John Itogers of Baltimore, who commanded tlie North Atlantic squadron, and Stephen De catur, Jr., a native of Berlin, Md., who commanded the South Atlantic squad ron. It was Commodore Rogers of Maryland on the flagship The Presi dent who personally fired th first shot of the war at the British ship Bel vedlrn. It was a Chesapeake crew, commanding the Constitution, better known as Old Ironsides, which cap tured the first frigate C.uerrtere. The merchants of Baltimore louned to the national government $3,000,000, which was later assumed by the city of Baf.li'noiv. and became Its first municipal debt. Finding no part of this fund available for the defense of the city. Baltimore raised .fOUO.OOO ad ditional with which to fortify Fort Mcllenry. Fort Babcock now River side park mid Fort Covington now Port Covington all today within limits of the city of Baltimore. Because of her zeal and loyalty. Baltimore was singled out as the target for British vengeance. On the 17th of June. 1814, a newspaper pub lished lu London stated: "The great expedition preparing at Bordeaux for America is destined for the Chesapeake direct. Our little army In Canada will at tlie same Instant be directed to make a movement In the lirection of the Susquehanna. Both at niles will In all probability meet at Washington. Philadelphia, and Balti more. Our naval and military coin- niandera have no power to conclude any armistice or suspension of arms They carry with thein certain papers which will be offered to the American government at the point of the-bayo net." After the humiliating suck of Wash ington, the British turned with re newed -inger to attack Baltimore, to which the helpless national govern ment could offer no resistance. The British, however, found strong fortifications to protect the city against their attack. Oen. Samuel Smith, heroic revolutionary figure, with large force, had built fortifications over a mile In length from the harbor as far as, the present Hopkins hospital. Behind these were mounted over 100 cannon, with 10,000 troops. The clt izens rallied as one man under General Smith and tolled day after day with pick, shovel, and wheelbarrow until great armament greeted the British when, after the Battle of North Point, they arrived within sight of the city and were compelled to retreat to their ships without a single shot. The Americans were so eager fo? the en counter they could not await their coming. When news reached General Smith of the anchorage at North Point of a British fleet of 50 vessels, the most formidable tleet ever seen in American waters. Gen. Strieker asked leave to advance with a brigade of 3,H)0 men to draw them on. Those men who landed on the 12th of Septem ber, 1814, were picked soldiers of Eu rope, the Duke of Wellington's In vincible and Lord Nelson's victorious marines, fresh from Napoleonic wars. The Americans marched bravely for ward to meet the conquerors of Na poleon on the battlefield of North Point. General Ross, with 7.000 men. tarried to lunch, t General Strieker, with 300 voluntary skirmish party, advanced to draw them on. General Ross, believ ing It Incredible that the new repub lic should have men so fearless as to advance ngaUtst his British forces, proceeded to investigate, when he was shot down by American riflemen, and the command fell to Colonel Brooke. A monument today stands for the two young men In Baltimore who brought down General Ross. For an hour and a hall' the raw militia of the States held mil tie of North Point and the re tlrement of the British to their ships was this matchless defense that saved the nation and checked the pro pose attack noon Philadelphia and New York. Then took place the attack upon th historical Fort Mcllenry; ,16 bomb' and-rncket vessels bombarded the fort . , . 1. MUlb. tlliuvtlllg a wuaiutj euuiwt -- ets and bombs, the later weighing BJ pounds. Colonel Arinlsted. In command of the fort, was unable to reach tnem except on one or two occasions when they came neurer. As the army was- retreatlug. a more severe bombard ment than before was executed. Un der the cover of darkness, us a last resort, several rocket vessels and barges, with 1,250 picked men, passed south of Fort Mcllenry and attempted " to land. After passing the fort, they threw up rockets of rejoicing and to light a landing place. This, however, was their undoing, and caused Com modore Roger's 'invincible crew" at Fort Covington, under Lieutenant New coiube and Barney's flotilla men, uo der Lieut. John Webster, at Fort Bab cock, to pour Into them a pitiless Are, sinking one barge with all on board and compelling the rest to retire. The enemy retired badly damaged under the tire from Fort Mcllenry and the Lazaretto. At a safe distance they continued to bombard Fort Mcllenry until ' morning. The bombardment lasted for 25 hours, and they are said to have thrown 1,500 to 1,800 great bombs. 400 of which landed in Fori Mcllenry. Dr. William Beanes, who had en countered the displeasure of the Brit ish at Upper Marlboro, In their march1 upon Washington, had been carried off' in their fleer. He was a particularly close friend of Francis Scott Key, who visited the fleet at Baltimore to seek the release of his friend. Having boarded the Minden, one of the ships of tlie fleet, tlie British compelled hlra to remain until after the bombardment. There he was during that memorable night when Fort Mcllenry was being so terribly assaulted. We can well imagine his anxiety as to the fate of the fort and tlie attack to be made upon tlie city wherein resided his fam ily and loved ones. He and his friend paced tlie deck during that night of September 13. The bombardment ceased ,)nst neiore oay. o long as the bombardment continued they knew : the fort had not surrendered, but when I recused before daylight it left them in great suspense as to the result. We may well Imagine how earnestly they looked forward to dawn and sufficient light to relieve their anxiety. How happy they must have been when they saw that "the flag was still there."' Key was "Virred to the depths by pa triotic fervor and devotion, and there', wrote his song of rejoicing, "The Star--Spiinnled Banner." ' Barking of Dog Saved Man's Life. Muskegon, Midi. The barking of his dog attracted men to the garage of Severson CnKper, where they found Casper unconscious from gas fumes from his car, the motor ot which was running. u was revived. in check the veteran army numbering j The memory of the old flag which foul times its strength. The day closed J s;i lined Key on that morning of Sep wiili a loss to the British of 5KI. as i temher 14. JS14, still lives In the against 150 of the militiamen, only 20 ! hearts of the people, and the flag la oi the latter being killed, the others stored in the archives of the govern--wounded or disabled. Thus was fought uieiit. Old Pump on Isle of Man On the qmibrr and picturesque Isle of Man. made ruinous by Hall Cable's fiction, an ancient pump of the chain bucket variety, built Into a masonry abutment on the face of a rock cliff lifts Its endless load of water some eighty feet from the pool below, says an article In Popular Mechanics Mag azine. For many years a big steam engine of obsolete form, slow and ex truvagaut of fuel, attended to the duty of turning the chain shaft. But now the old boiler and cylinder are gone, uud In their place a modern wind motor has been Installed, Its slim, effi cient steel form rising from the cliff top In striking, yet not Inharmonious, contrast with the primitive rugged ness that marks the earlier work of man and nature. The whirling 20-foot wheel of the new motive power now Is drawing up 14,300 gallons of water on hour as an average figure, and H la significant of the value of modern method that the saving of fuel, no longer needed for a hungry boiler, soon' paid tlie cost of tlie mill. Mutton Sausage. The Department of Agriculture says that sausage may be madeffrom mut ton mixed with nork In much that u tnm- way as beef Is nsed. A genera r formula is; Mutton, two parts; tean, fresh pork, one part ; fat pork, oor nsrl : salt and seasonine tn imkip ir can be made Into cakes und cooked at once, or packed In skins. Homemade sausage la mttally kepi tn.;n.