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THE PIOCIIE RECORD
Friday. April 1. 1921. inrnnio oid o nrniiij uuniLi GIVES STATE TITLE TO MINERAL LAIS DECISION WILL HAVE FAR. PEACHING EFFECT IN OIL PRODUCING TERRITORIES. i OF Hlch Tribunal Overrule Court .Appeals and Commissioner of General Land Office Regard ; ing Rights of State. ' ' of MEXICAN SITOAT PRESIDENT HARDING AND HIS ADVISERS HOPE TO SOLVE VEXATIOUS PROBLEM. Investigation of Conditions in South ern Republic Under Way. With View to Formulating Terms of Recognition. . Is He Able to Stand Alone T T IDlUVESAHD HOMES: ! LATEST ULTIHHUH Washington. The jniprciii court ou March 2S rendered a far-reaching opinion in the case of the Mate of Wyoming versus the United States, In which the supreme court overruled not only the i-lrcult court of appeal, but the "secretary of the Interior and the commissioner of the general land office and held that when a. Mute proierly and conipletely make a lieu selection the right of the Mute can not be overturned by a subsequent showing that the land in queMlon Is mineral In character. , The decision In important particularly in oil produc ing regions. The Btate of Wyoming In 1012 re . iluqulshed to the government some of its school land, which hud been includ ed Id a forest reserve find in lieu se lected other public land outside the :forest reserve, Including the land In volved In the suit. Notice of the .state's selection was regularly pub lished and the state did everything re quired by law. I No objection was raised to the Washington.- It ha develop! that the Harding administration has hcyuu Kiirv..v i if the MfXiciin slttintioii with a view to formulating the terms on which recognition will lie acconled to the Ohrcgoii governnieiit. Secretary of State Hughes Is considering a num ber of ieclal reports on (million in Mexico, ulid the uttilllile of rresidetlt Ohregon In regard to co-operation with the United States, settlement of American claims and guaranty f American property rights, and is ex pected to lay his conclusions before the president at an early date. Secretary of the Interior Fall and authorities on Mexican relations, and authoritlse on Mexican relations, and will exert a marked influence on the development of the American policy. Mr. Full Is insistent that there shuli be no recognition of the Ohregon gov ernment until It has entered Into a written agreement covering the settle ment of claims, protection of American citizens and guaranty of property rights. The secretary of the interior is or GERMANY REFUSES LOST III TORNADO STORM LEAVES TWO DEAD IN WAKE AND DOES DAMAGE TO AMOUNT OF $200,000. SENT TO GEIAITf FULL PAYMENT OF SUM DE MANDED BY THE ALLIES MUST BE MADE. . Twister Swept a Path Eighty Rods Wide and Thirty-five Miles Long Through Minnesota, Taking Terrible Toll. Given Notice That Upon Failure ol German Government to Turn Over Twenty Billion Marks by May 1, Allies Will Act. AMERICA REJECTS PLEA OF RUSS REOS TO MEET PAYMENTS RESUMPTION OF TRADE WITH DISPUTES COMMISSION'S FIGURES RUSSIAN SOVIET CANNOT BE SHOWING BALANCE OF 12,000,. CONSIDERED. 000.000 MARKS DUE MAY 1. state's selection and the list was .duly (the opinion thut the administration Safety of Human Life, Guarantee of Failure to Pay Deemed a Violation of Property Rights, Free Labor and the Treay of Versailles, Which Observance of Sanctity of the Commission Will Report to Contracts Is Demanded. the Allied Governments. approved and transmitted to the, gen eral land office by the local land of fice. in, 1912. The list remained in the -general land office for more than .three years. Meantime, in 1014, two years after the state made it selec tion, the selected laud, wjth 88,000 should take as the basis of a settle ment with Mexico the terms proposed bv the senate Investigating committee, of which tie was chairman, In what It was declared that an agreement should be reached for the appointment of which he was chairman, in which it Washington The American govern- rails. Germany in her reply on nieiit notified ihe soviet authorities March 23 to the recent ultimatum of tu Russia on March 25 thut resump- the allied reparations commission, re turn of trade between Russia and the fuses to pay the one billion marks United Stutes could not be considered gold due on this date, and disputes until fundamental changes had bern the commission's figures showing a acres of other land, was temporarily aKe' if any, done to Americans or to made in the economic system unilerly- balance of 12,000,000,000 marks due .withdrawn as possible oil land and Americans 'property in Mexico, and, hug the soviet regime. May 1. reciprocally, the damages, If any, to ' Safety of human life, guarantee of It is maintained in the German note Mexicans or Mexican property in the property rights, free labor and observ- that the 20,000,000,000 . marks which United States. unce of the sanctity of contracts were the peace treaty provided should be Provision should also be made for among the requirements laid down in handed over by -May 1 lias been more agreements for the protection or a note by Secretary Hughes as essen-itnnn puia. American citizens and their property tlal if trade relations are to be re- "the note asks mat a joint eomnus- rights in Mexico In the future. newed. The . communication added slon of experts fix the value of the that "convincing evidence of the con- German deliveries on reparations ac- ;)the time when the selection hud been TARIFF TO HAVE RIGHT OF WAY summation of such changes" must be count, but it declares that, in any made. The commissioner of. the land I . ' ? furnished before this government event, u wouia ne unpossioie ior ver- offlce therefore canceled the selection Decision Reached by Senators to Set- even cared to discuss the subject. many to pay 12,000,000,000 marks by because of the oil discoveries made in tie This Problem First. The communication was made public the first of May. that vicinity after the state's . selec- Washington Mr fordney told Re- at the state department In the form of The note concludes as follows: "If, tlon had been filed. Tin secretary BuMi0ft senators on Saturday that a statement by Secretary Hughes, with after the experts nave conierrea, it is jot the Interior utftriued the ruling of I ? ,ff revIslon would have clear right the notation that a copy of it should established that there Is a deficit in i i . l ii a , , ..,,...1 i tin vtii vmuitru nv i . T" rti u n cnt is rsti 1 1 v the following year the commissioner of 'the land office declined to approve the Wate list, called on the state, either ,to accept surface right or to show positively that the laud was still not known or believed, to be, mineral. -,' The state declined and insisted that Its rights should be determined as of Worthiiiglon, Minn. iHimuge caused by the tornado which Suturday night swept a path eighty rods - wide and thirty-five miles long through Nobles county was estimated at uearly 2W, M. The number of dead totaled two. Mrs. I .on Inhlherg, whose home In the outskirts of Um.-Iiiiihiv was destroyed, dying Sunday, The other death was ut Heading, where Mrs. Abe Anderson was killed. Apparently the storm entered tht county six miles southwest of Hush- more, ahd, demolishing the lnhlberg residence ami slightly damaging the high school, whirled out at the north' east corner. The Dahllierg home was the only house in the town of lifHH) in habitants to suffer seriously, although minor damage resulted to other resi dences. Mrs. lahlberg was at home with her two ctiildren when the tornado struck The children may die of their injuries. it was said. Several other persons were hurt. At the home of Henry Hider, near Rushmorc, Hider und his wife were in lured. Mrs. Hider suffering severe burns from hot water which was on a stove. Hider, who was in a barn, which was demolished, was carried several hundred feet by the wind and sustained a broken arm and bruises, Iowa Also Visited. The tornado that swept the south east section of Fonda, Iowa, Saturday night Injured fourteen persons and caused property damage of $100,000. The storm swept, a path about 500 feet wide and passed through the town In about a minute. Electric light wires were blown down andthe town was in darkness. ' A train of box cars was blown twen ty feet off a railroad siding. Buildings on the fair grounds were demolished. Other damage was largely to burns. WHIPPING POST IN DELAWARE h commissioner. In the meantime, the consul at the payments by Germany, she Is ready to begin negotiations with the repara tions commission regarding the float ing of a loan abroad." The reparations commission met Wednesday morning to consider the f v. in the house. The committee e sent to me American state had hin f,. -vi,,lon rhe internal revenue Keval. Esthonht, to be handed to LU- leased this la,0d and the lah(l was. sub-. t&xf)ft wln not De introduced, he said, vluwff, soviet representative there, frequently developed by an oil com- untll botn tne emergency tariff and The note was in reply to the appeal pany under assignment. There was tn cenerai revision bills have been recently addressed by the soviet re- no utscovery 01 on, nowever, unui i gime to rresiuent naming auu cou . , ... i 1 niter xne lease was inane, or iour years after the selection. , t Th effect of this decision will be ' ,i i ,irt.l be restored, and proposing to send a The Germans' failure to pay is ,to overtnrn many rulings of the in- t hBve been uraed to modify his delegation to the United States to deemed a violation of the treaty of tterlor department where the depart- I)lans for procedure with the Internal negotiate. No mention was made by Versailles, winch the commission win nent has undertaken to defeat lieu ax legislation. As near simultaneous Secretary Hughes of the proposal to report to the allied governments. The consideration of the turiff and tux send u delegation to rtns country. nines . i..e.. ...ne. - bills as. possible (a advocated by sev- I'rlor to making the final decision, ures shall be taken . eral Influential Republican senators, the Russian trade question was dls- It is commented here that the Ger- The general tax modification plan Is cussed by President Harding and his man experts already have been heard pretty well agreed upon by Republl- cabinet. In a statement after the note by the commission, which listened to cans of the house committee, it was had been made public. Secretary Hoov their arguments before fix ng the said. Repeal of the excess profits er uecmreu me taxes and reduction of the lugher in come surtaxes is virtually certain, but an agreement as to substitute taxes selections which embrace , lauds v not known to ojnCuiu oil or mineral at 'the time thdy were selected, but which iwere found or were supposed to be valuable for oil after the date of se lection, but before the, selection was JftaBsed upon by the secretary of in- ' tertor. ,. In this particular case the district ; court for Wyoming had ruled In favor ot the state of Wyoming and hud been J WR8 sni,i not t0 have been reached. treverseu oy tne circuit court oi ap- i peals. The supreme court upholds 'the contention of the state and, the ' decision of the district court. conclusion reached valuation or the German uenvenes "shows the complete agreement of the credited as payments against the 20,- vlews of the whole administration." 000,000,000 marks. Tins valuation, therefore, was considered final, since DISASTROUS BLAZE IN TOKIO the treaty gives me commission soie Jurisdiction in the matter. Relic of Dark Ages Put in Operation, Four Negroes Being Whipped. Wilmington, Iela. At Newcastle county workhouse, -on Saturday, four negroes felt the sting of the Delaware whipping post law. Those whipped were Warner Iewis, convicted of lar ceny and sentenced to one year In prison and twenty lashes; Leonard Barrett," highway robbery, ten years and forty lashes, and John Richard son and Horace Archie, highway rob bery, ten years and forty lashes ea'-h. Onlv by occasional flinching did the victims give evidence of physical scf feiing. This total of 140 lashes was: the largest Imposed at the whipping post In this country for many years. The tendeucy of recently enacted laws has been to permit more discretion in the courts in respect to Imposing corporal punishment. WAGE STANDARDS PLANNED EDWIN DENBY POLAND . CALLED REAL VICTOR1 Majority in Coal and Zinc Districts Against Germans In Plebiscite. "Washington. It Is -announced here that with the same 'skill fa miliar dur ing the voir, when defeuts were made td:seejn victorious by prompt .and Bklllful propaganda, , the Germans have sought to create the Impression in the world that the. plebiscite in .Upper Silesia has been & German vlc try. The fact Is "quite otherwise and 'tihjeas violence is done to the will of the majority In certain regions and the wtyde purpose of the plebiscite liegatived, ' Poland will gain the real prise, the great coal and sslnc mines of .the legion. , ' ' ' Rioting In Guatemala. . Guatemala Ulty. . A crowd, com poses) mostly of boys, engaged In cele hratlag the banging, of Judas Iscarlot In' effigy Monday morning, when ue- lAchment of Soldiers apiuninfi. The mjIdlersVere stoned, hy the crowd and retaliated, with rifle fire, killing four . and : wounding seven. .. I 1 Reoorted 133 Persons Injured and Property Loss of $12,000,000. Toklo. Fire, which for a time Im periled the entire city of Toklo, Sat urday nitrht destroyed a thousand German Official Make Threats. , Kattowltz. "Before we are through with the plebiscite we shall let hell loose," says a German plebiscite offi cial to the correspondent for the houses in the northwest part of the TrlDUntf i describing the reign of city. Injured 1.W persons, made thou- blotKl wnich followed the voting. sands homeless and caused a loss es timated at about $12,500,000. Includ ed In the property destroyed were three hospitals, a bank and several large business houses. 4- CARDINAL GIBBONS . " ' Hat Touched Live Wire. 4 Brownsville, .Texas. George Bishop, manager ff the Brownsville municipal light and power plant, was electrocuted on Monday when th raln-'soaked brim of his hat oMthed'a live wire. Crop Exceptionally Favorable. ' ''San Knmclsco. Prospects for 1921 ' cVops of all kinds In tint twelfth federal ' reserve district are, reM)rted ezeeJtldn , aily-favorable, said 41 sla'tctnentjs.suel by the federul reserve board here" on March 28. Lack of-paph Hinders Migration.' . ,, Washington, -r-Great .-numbers of laboring clanses of both England and S ranee want t emigrate tVv:the United lateg, but are' finding It- Impossible to dp wo' through laablllty . . to. save '. dobjS inoupy. V1? ' New photograph of Edwin Denby of Detroit, Mich., secretary of the navy In the Harding cabinet. He Is fifty years old and was a represents, tlve In the Fifty-ninth, Sixtieth and Sixty-first congresses. He served In the navy during the Spanish-American war and enlisted aa a sergeant In the marine corps during the World war, being discharged with the rank of major. During hie terms In congress Mr. Denby was a member of the house committee en naval affairs. 1 1nclndiary Firee In England. .London. Incendiary fires on numer ous farms broke out Saturday even I PC, near Kewcahtle-on-Tyne. Lloyd's flews attributes the fifes to Sinn Fein er The damage Is estimated at sev eral thousand pounds. . 6teamere Crew Rescued. J3otons.Tlie crew of the British Ball Players Again Indicted. Chicago. One hundred and forty. four Indictments naming eighteen men were returned by the Cook county grand Jury as a result of the second! Investigation into the alleged throw ing of the 1011) world series to Cincin nati by Chicago White Sox players. Klcht separate Indictments against each person were returned. The In dictments named the thirteen men In dicted ut the first Investigation and ! also five men charged with taking part In arranging rhe alleged con spiracy. N Sale of Ford's Paper Prohibited. . Chicago. Salo of Henry Ford's learboiii Independent on the down town streets of Chicago was forbidden Thursday bv the police. It whs stated that the order was Intended to-keep the peiic. inasmuch as antl-Seiiiitlc articles In the Ford piihllcal Ion,. sold In competition with a Jewish newspaper, had recently caused a fight which threatened to become n riot. . I .n5- ) V v v i - Measure to Fix Wages Will Brought Before Congress. Washington. A bill to fix new wage standards for all government em ployees Is to be one of the first men ures to obtain consideration at the an- nroachlm: session of congress. Sal ary scales In general,, according t plans outlined, will be raised, but wages for several classes of employees may be reduced. Senator Smoot, Republican, Utah, with the aid of treasury experts. Is preparing a bill for the reclassification of government salaries. It is the plan to cease paying federal employees from lump sums, at salaries fixed at i the will of bureau chiefs, and also to dispense with the bonus system adopt ed during the war. Among the abuses aimed at are con dltlons found, according to Senator Smoot, In vurlous departments where some employees receive many hun dreds of dollars more or less than others doing exactly similar work Paris. The German government win notified by the allied reiuirutions com mission on March 21 that the total amount of "),0U0.Ul0,t)0tt gold mark due under Article of the peac treaty must be paid by May 1 or addi tional penalties will be Inflicted iu Germany. The commission's note said : -Replying to your letter, the repara tions commission has the honor to in form you: According to the treaty of Ver sailles, the reparations commission alone has the right to place a valua tion on deliveries made by Germany. "The reparations commission is authorized to decide which umong the deliveries made may be deducted from the 20,000,000 gold marks referred to in Article 235. "There Is nothing In the treuty whlch obliges the commission to hear the German government on conditions under which deliveries to make up the 20,000,000,000 marks mentioned in Article 235 should be made or ! praised. Have Waited .in Vain.. "The commission bus waited as long as possible, thinking the German gov ernment would take the necessary measures to fulfill its obligations. It now is persuaded such is not the, case. The commission demanded payment of 1,000.000,000 gold marks because of th certainty thut Germany possessed suf ficient funds to make Immediate pay ment. "The commission did not fail to add that after the 1,000,000,000 gold mark had been paid, it would be ready ! discuss any further propositions whieli might be presented by the German gov ernment before April 1, with the view f partly substituting for gold and for eign securities goods, merchandise or the proceeds of a foreign loan. We cannot agree with the Genua re government that In the event of the 20,000,000,000 marks remaining unpaid. May 1, the balance may be settled by the delivery of the German bondw pro vided for in paragraph 12. The 20, 000,000,000 gold marks of Article 2.- must be paid In cash, securities or the equivalent, and be used partly to de fray the cost of the armies of occupa tion and the revictuallng of Germany in foodstuffs and raw materials, what balance being left to be. applied t reparations. Germany Must Pay. "The dispositions of annex 2, para graph 12, concerning new bonds. In tuv way modify the obligation taken by Germany to pay the 20,000,000,01 it marks gold under Article 2.T. Ia any event, the total amount of 20,000, 000,000 marks gold under Article 23T must be paid before May L Nonful fillment of this article would entail penalties. "The above fact being s'ated, there results that the German government, by replying negatively to the commis sion's request that it execute th stipulations of Article 235, and espe cially by refusing to make the pay ment of 1,000,000,000 marks gold duo March 23, must be considered In de fault of fulfilling its obligations. Con sequently, the commission has decided Immediately to call the attention to such default of each of the interested powers. Be I AGED CARDINAL PASSES AWAY Cardinal Gibbons, archbishop of Bal timore, and senior pr ilate of the Cath- olic church of the u nited states, ,aieo March 24. Chinamen Poor Marksmen. Sacramento. Over fifty shots were exchanged in a street fight betwi-en Chinese at Locke, near here, early Snndiiv. No one was injured. Ac cording to Information given Captain of Detectives Theodore Koenlng of Final Summons Answered by Noted f Churchman.-' " Baltimore. .Tames Cardinal Gibbon?, archbishop of 'Baltimore and primata of the American Catholic church, died at the archeplscopal residence here. March 24, after a prolonged illness which mainly affected his heart. He was in his 85th year. The end cam peacefully ut 11:33 o'clock. Born In Baltimore, Md., of Irish par ents, July 17, 1834, James , Gibbon spent his youth In Ireland, but when he was. a lad of 14 years his family returned to America, settling i New Orleans, where he acted as "punctual grocer's boy." Ills ambition for the priesthood be gan in those early days. At 21 he begun preparations for his service in. the, Roman Catholic church. Graduat ing with distinguished honor from hls- Three Killed In Storm. Huntsvllle, Ala. Three persons were! Ex-Kaiser Abuses Privileges. London. Public opinion In Holland killed and much damage done to prop- has been greauy surreu , erty by a severe windstorm Thursday llcatlon of former Lmperor U Milam In the vicinity of New Hope, near here. boo, wwen The wind carried down telephone and that he , abusing Dutch hospitality power transmission lines. , by dealing wn pounmi Ancient Ruins Discovered. nirnt. Important discoveries of Sacramento, the Hip Sing tongmen torlc St. Charles college In Maryland- have Informed the ising Kong tonjc be pursued his studies at the seminary that "this is a war or extermination. 0f St. Sulplce and St Mary's untver- and we will get our enemies if we nity in Baltimore. At the outbreak of are compelled to shoot wh'te police the civil war he was ordalued to lh officers. priesthood In Baltimore. Woman Candidate Threatened. Wymore. Neb. A letter threaten- schooner Robert Ray arrived here on Ing her with physical violence if ,she ruins of a w mj board the freighter Triumph from Ant- did not withdraw from the race for Roman clvHIatlon navebee m,ae werp, which rescued them Marc when their teasel, crushed In was at the point of sinking. (turned over Insane Man Fires Jail. - Given Life Sentences. Ogden, Utah. Slight damage was Seattle. Louis Madsen, 18; Ward" done to the county Jnll padded cell as Daniels, 18, and 0. A. Browa. 20. wr the result of the fire late Saturday sentenced to life Imprisonment In the- afternoon which is believed to nave mate penitentiary for the killing of Pa- been started ny Antonio noen, a ut- trolmun Volney I Stevens lu a pistol mented transient alien. huttlo here January 14. Charged With Murdering Eleven. Montlcello. I la. Two more negroes were m-overed from the Alcovy river Sunday, making eleven found since the M;hS Z maVoT .'t rWe. about ninety-five miles authr.tes began Investigating charges , Icefloes received by Mrs. Morris Jones and east of Horns, by the high commls- U peonage and murder against John ' turned over to officials here. slooer'a archaeological aervlce. Williams, farmer. Murder Suspect Released. Warsaw, Ind. John Invagnolla, be ing held in connection with the deattt of 1-eroy Lovett, was released on Thursday following bis testimony be fore Ihe grand Jury, which begun n. vestlgi'Jlon of the case.