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TRIDAY. SEPTEMBER . 1921
THE PIOCHE RECORD ....- . i creirhl School t 8jFg&$ of Ih EmSM ( K4 rr VATIONAL School for Com- (ir'l Nv fcQ g-cTf?! merclal Organization Sec- II vffT " "w H 7 JjTv A (m retarles, under the aus- II - ' t 111 y ill VM 1 plces of the Chamber of II 11 A ""v T'js III K I Com,nerce of the United ' V'V,. I 1L5 't' I I IV I states. the National Asso- j 7 - V I III' elation of Commercial Or- I J? r i !' i 1 5VM m q j s Years in Frozen North Canadian Mounted Police Cor poral Returns From Arctic With 2 Eskimo Murderers. PATROLLED CORONATION GULF Expects to Return to Solitude After Short Holiday at Home Punish ment of Criminals Makes Natives Respect Whits Man's Law. Montreal. In May, 1915. Corporal -Ccnellus of the Royal Northwest aiouuted police left Edmonton for Herschel Island. He departed quietly. without any flourish of trumpets. Ue returned the other day civilization again for the first time, as silently as lie had left It. Over six years of his ife has beeu spent In the Arctic wilder ness, lour of them In the sole com puny of two Eskimo murderers, sen tenced In 1914, and freed by order of the government later. Two years were passed at Fort Mc Phersou, where the big supply of pro visions and building material were dis posed, comfortable winter quarters es ablished, and patrols of the surrouud Kng country undertaken. The two Eskimo murderers who were taken out by the corporal and offered their freedom were so much taken with the ways of the white man that they asked permission to enter the ervice of the police, and were both engaged, much to their delight. They tendered great service as guides and Interpreters, and the white man's law has never had a better advertisement in the Arctic circle than that given to It by these two men, tried, punished and release by Us officials ns a warn ing to others. Two Vears in Wilds. In 1917 Corporal Cornelius was joined by Constable Brockle and the two set out for Herschel island where they spent two years with frequent patrols In the far corners of the un charted wilds. Their next move was along the shores of the Arctic to Coro nation gulf, a dog-sled trip of some 800 miles, where another two vears werp passed In patrols to Bathurst Inlet Kent peninsula. Ail points on the tinuin and west sides of Victoria Island to Mctoria Land and Prince Albert sound were made during that period. The final trip was taken from Coro nation gulf via Bear lake to Fort Nor man, noun the river to Fort McPher son, then north io Herschel tsinn.i onn back by the const to Coronation' gulf , . mure, wun another return trip Via Herschel Island through Fort Mcl'herson up the Mackenzie river and home by the summer steamboat. This latter trip was taken by dog sled a distance of 1,100 miles being covered The total patrols by dog tfed last win ter ran around S.500 miles. New headquarters were made at Fort Epworth, the patrol, accompanied by Staff Sergeant Clay, establishing this post The party lived In snow huts for the greater part of this time, and subsisted on the simple diet of the wilds eked out by such rations as they were able to carry on sleds. They built a wooden hut at Fort Epworth however, and enjoyed a mild taste of civilization Two Are Acquitted. In 1918, two alleged Eskimo mur derers were brought In by the coast route by Sergeant Conway. These two men, Kayugana and Komuk, had been tried by Inspector Things for the mur der of aa Eskimo woman, whom both of them claimed as wife. They were j liowever. acquitted, owing to lack of evident. ,,, aar CorDrtlM aBd Ijrockte took them back fcy way of Herschel island and tha Arctic to Coro nation KUf. wnere th ,wo were lowed to rejoin their tribes. Corporal Cornelius that the trial of the four Eskimos had had an du.f of the tribes as a whole, while conduct of the four principal, has been most exemplary. Kayugana and Ko muk were seen several times on later patrols, their bands beln usually found on the ice at the head of the Coppermine river, and each time the patrol received a warm Despite their years of isolation and hardships both Corporal Cornelius and Constable Brockle are looking forward to a return to the North In the near future. They will now enjoy a well earned holiday, and both are leaving at once for their respective homes. Cornelius going to Halifax and Brockle to Winnipeg. CARVING IS WORTH $125,000 Mount Athos Arteraft Work of Fivo Monke Depicts the Life of Christ. New York. A wood carvlni? vni,,i at $125,000 placed on public view, has Woman Bears Five Chi'c'ren h Two Wee'; All Arc We3 From Rudapmt. Hunirary. cornea the officlnl story of a woman who gave birth to Ave children recently, an event that ocenrs once In TOO.iWO times, ac cording to physicians. The moth er la forty-one years old. and at the time was the mother of tea children. Including one pair of twins. The mother was taken 111 aft er alighting from a street cat. She was removed to a hospital, where the five bfrths occurred over a period of two weeks. The mother and the five babes left the hospital a month later In a healthy condition. been In the window of a Fifth avenue firm of silversmiths. It Is descriptive of the life of Christ. Five monks of the Brotherhood of Nlcodemus worked on It from 1809 until 1914 In their monastery on Mount Athos, Macedonia. Father Germane Alegetea, one of the five makers. brought It here, together with doca- ments attesting Us origin and his right to dispone of It. The base Is a solid block of box wood, weighing nearly 200 pounds, and the entire composition Is 28 Inches tall and 21 Inches wide. Into this sur face the monks have carved panel and picture designs. In high and low re lief. Involving hundreds of figures and scenes. Mark Prices in Plain Figures Code System Disappearing Be cause of Abuses It En-couraged. ABANDONED BY THE LEADERS Change to Some Extent Forced by Buyers, Many Insisting on Plain Figures Origin of Code Sys tem Not Clearly Known. New York. Among the less notice able aad important changes that have taken place In the business world In the last few years has been the grad ual disappearance of codes in connec tion with price tickets and the mark ing of the values of the merchandise In plain figures. While many concerns still stick to pricing their lines in code, the trade leaders have very largely abandoned the practice. Smaller con cerns have followed suit to some ex tent, but others have been loath to put plain figures on their goods. The change from code to figures In marking prices, according to informa tion gained In this market, has been forced to some extent by the buvers. There are many retailers and special buyers for the big stores who will not patronize a concern which hides Its prices behind a code. The reason one such buyer gave recently for tills Is tnat the code does not mean the same to all buyers when translated into fig ures. In other words, he asserted that the use of a code Is merely a subter fuge by means of which different buy ers can be charged different prices for tne same merchandise without their knowing It. Origin Not Clear. Just where and by whom the code system of marking prices was orlgl- Measures Volume of Snow and Hail I- N VR?'' W! v1r f. Ferguson, meteorologist nt h itu. .. itauce whlrh ho h "",lcu oibmss weather bureau, with Instrument automaU - rain.' The ?f the first gauged S J2 ine wa gauges reauirori th luc "uww . z - . ... wi.uuvu. counumption of oil or gas or hall, Cor thlg purposed hi nated appears to be not clearly known. The reason why It was adopted Is also something of a puzzle, although plaus ible solutions are offered. About the only thing regarding it that Is at all definite is that it came into being years ago, when it was the custom of the manufacturers and wholesalers to build a kind of Chinese wall around their business and station a regiment of soldiers at every gate. In those days, according to trade veterans, commercial spying was a high art. and more than one man had his palm crossed with silver for posing as a buyer and thus obtaining price data of the competitors of the merchant who hired him. In those days any thing approaching the open-prlc as sociatlons that had their being here during the war would have been looked upon as madness, for then, to uu luients ana purposes, every mer chant regarded his competitors as per- owiai enemies. One of the favorite codes used in the early days, It Is said, was the one based on the old motto. "In Oort w. Trust." This had the advantage of containing but twelve letters, with no duplications In the first ten. Thn by dropping the final "st," something like this was arrived at: INOOD WE TRU 12345 67890 With this arrangement worked out, the rest was easy, if a man were sell ing broadcloth at $4.50 a yard, on his price ticket would appear the more or less crytlc sign O D U. Were he selling an overcoat at $37.25, the mark on the ticket would be G E N D. Some times the code would be varied by placing the figure 1 under the U and numbering In sequence to the left in stead of to the right. Thousands of codes and variations of original ones have since been devised. Frequently Abused. . While there seems to be little doubt that the code system was adontpH nn,. lnally as a protective measure, It was not long before it began to be used for more ulterior purposes. What was there, somebody evidently argued to prevent the use of the code to fool buyers as to the real price? In Its early days, at least, wholesale busi ness was no more conducted on a strictly one-price basis than was re tail selling. Therefore, not only did a code price frequently mean differ ent quotations to different but It often meant the minimum fig ure at which a yard of goods or a garment could be sold. The sales men were permitted to -get anything they could above the figure Indicated by the code, and as they were paid in comparison with what they sold they tried to get all the traffic would bear. That way of doing bushiest pre yalled in one of the biggest wholesale "7rs ln ln country, for years, It is said, and the gentle art of buying there was rendered more difficult by the fact that practically every kind Of merchant lea ci.i t. , . i , u Ule concern had a different code Instances like those noted above have been paralleled many times ac cordlng t0 the buyers hereyt0ees- Ranc, tloned m late years, however, Bales men have had less leeway, lt'mv at all, in connection with fixing prices. Because of this the double-price sys tem to different buyers Is "worked" more in the salesroom- ... 1 I.. . At... .. . U ""J ATIONAL School for Com mercial Organization Sec retaries, under the aus pices of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, the National Asso ciation of Commercial Or ganlzatlon Secretaries and Northwestern nnlversltv! tsu't there something new under the un. In spite of the proverb? Any way, that Is the sort of school mat has been going on at Evanston, m., rignt in the vacation days of lummer. Moreover, this National Sprrptnrini ichool Is believed to be a nroWt of . " lur-reacmng importance In the busl bess and civic life of the country. John Ihlder, manager of the civic de relopment department of the Chumhor of Commerce of the United States, Ipeaklng for himself , and for Presl Bent Joseph II. Defrees, puts the situ Itlon'like this: "The American business man tnilnv Itnnds In a position of greater resnon. lblllty and greater opportunity than ever Deiore in our history, for we r becoming predominantly an urban and Dusiness nation. His responsibility annot be discharged, his onDortunitv met by individuals acting separately mey must organize. The character ind purpose of the business man's or Ionizations therefore are of first Im portance to the nation. Not only must they be public-spirited and propose to lerve constantly and definitely the eommon Interests of their community, out ln order that they may so serve they must know that good intentions ilone never produce results. "The effectiveness of a commercial r trade association depends ln large measure on the secretnrir a- k eusure on tne secretary. As he In creases In knowledge and understand ing, not only of his own business tech nique and of his local field, but of the general principles that underlie and affect all business and civic In terests, he Will hlVnma Ln. 1 1 lr.ar,ol., . . "in caauig iy miwionw wuiae vl iwo weeKS In Sec raluable to his organization and to retarlal problems and methods. That Z business generally. - there is need of this school Is shown Ihe National School for Com moi-Klol hv the rei!'ltrtlrn nt tha Organization Secretaries will give to in the benefit the country will receive through the Increased efficiency of the secretaries. He says: "The students at our summer school session for commercial secretaries are mature men of unusual ability and leaaers ln tnelr communities. The ef feet of the summer school on these men will be to "strengthen their faith in the modern, practical, scientific method of dealing with their problems and to strengthen them In their faith in the necessity of analyzing all locai problems In terms of wider experience. "I am particularly interested in this session of the summer school, not pri marily for what those who attend will receive, but for the added service they will be able to render their commnnl. ties upon their return.' In this period oi reconstruction and readjustment. our progress Is dependent upon our ao- pllcatlon of science and our profiting oy experience wherever available. I feel, therefore, that this school will be of inestimable value because of the increased value these secretaries will be able to render their communities." This secretarial school is, in brief, an uiese men in a short time what It rould take years for them to learn in dividually, and will in addition give them a sense of their common problems and responsibilities which can be se cured only by a group of men repre senting many communities studying Jhelr problems Impersonally and under kble leadership." President R. B. Beach of th v tlonal Association of Commercial Or ganization Secretaries sees in the at tendance of nearly 200 a real demand nd a real field of service for tho fMl tog course. He says: "It will create a sound. nnMii basis for chamber of commerce service Is a result of whifh n, u... . . : " ' Z X I, . or country may ' a half hours to technical v-i lue nignest emciency and com- Munson Havens, secretary ktWT Ja bmlnesa administration ! Cleveland Chamber of Commerce lec--e esecutlon of their varied ! tured on "The Secretary, His Relation to the Varied Forms of Service, What which surprised even the officials of the three organizations back of it. This registration of 200 Cen was representative of every section of the United States, Including Hawaii. Can ada sent its quota and Cuba was rep resented. Several women attended. While most of those in attendance were registered as secretaries of cham bers of commerce, the list shows others In considerable variety. The study was of two kinds, funda mental and technical. The instruct ors in the former were educators of national prominence and ln the lat ter leading authorities ln the secretar ial ranks, Harris hall was used as a class room. Two hours a day was de voted to fundamentals and three and subjects. of the AlSO.' It la ., it anmriDii tn tlce re erred, to is now v'ery larg," ; thV0,0" 8arment trader the hands of a smooth worker, usual, ly a member of the firm or the so called general representative X cryptic code letters can mean $37 "50 -I t- activities." President Walter Dill Scott of Northwestern University ls a man of many parts. He ls a graduate of Northwestern (A. B.. 1S05) and of ESS n . T!rl0al binary (1898). He Is a Ph. D. (Leipzig, 1900). Probubly he Is best known as a psy chologist. N was a colonel, U. s. A., 19U-9, tn awarded D. S M for "devising, Installing and supervisi tog the personnel system in the U. S army." He ls primarily Interested is expected of Him and What He Should Expect of Himself." The technical studies aiid the groups of secretaries who directed the study of them are: Organization (What It Is), J. a. Mc Kibben, general secretary, Boston Chamber of Commerce, assisted by John Wood, secretary, Roanoke (Va.) Chnuiber of Commerce, and Colvln B. Brown, chief organization service bu reau, civic department, United States Chamber of Commerce. Program (What to Do), George H Foss, general secretary, Pennsylvania State Chamber of Commerce, assisted by Robert B. Beach, business mana ger, Chicago Association of Commerce, and John E. Northway, secretary oi the Hamilton (O.) Chamber of Com. nierce. Meetings (How It Is Done), John M, Guild, general secretary, Kansas City, (Mo.) Chamber of Commerce, assisted by J S. Cady, secretary, Minneapolis Civic and Commerce association, an4 J. T. Daniels, secretary of the Colunk bus (O.) Chamber of Commerce. Membership, C. F. Holland, seer tary, Jackson (Mich.) Chamber o Commerce, assisted by Paul V. Bunn. general secretary, St. Louis Chambel of Commerce, and Roy S. Smith, sea retary, Albany (N. Y.) Chamber oi Commerce. Finance, J. D. Larson, commlssloneo Omaha Chamber of Commerce, asslsti ed by Arthur J. Dodge, business manj ager, Denver Civic and Commercial a soclatlon. Publicity, Ralph H. Faxon, general secretary, Des Moines Chamber ot Commerce, assisted by Fj Roger Miller, secretary, Macon (Ga.) Chamber o Commerce, and Merle Thorpe, edltoi of The Nation's Business. Office Organization, S. C. Mead, sec retary, Merchants' association. New York, assisted by G. W. Lemon, secre. tary, Troy (N. Y.) Chamber of Com merce, and F. D. E. Babcock, general secretary, Worcester (Mass.) Chambel of Commerce. Specific Departmental Activities: X Commercial, Lee H. Blerce, secretary. Grand Rapids (Mich.) Association oi Commerce, assisted by John B, Reynolds, general secretary, Indian, apolls Chamber of Commerce, .and Warren R. Jackson, secretary, Harris burg (Pa.) Chamber of Commerce. 2. Industrial, Wulker Parker, gen eral manager, New Orleans Assocla tlon of Commerce, assisted by Emmetl Hay Naylor, secretary, Writing Papei Manufacturers association, New York; aud W. S. MllUner, secretary, Wit llamsport (Pa.) Board of Trade. 3. Civics, Roland B. Woodward, sec retary, Rochester Chamber of Com. merce, assisted by Harry Welch. Phoenix Chamber of Commerce, and John Ihlder, manager, civic develop, merit department. United States Chamber of Commerce. 4. Research, John M. Redpath. man ager research, department, United States Chamber of Commerce, assisted by Don E. Mowry, secretary, Madl son (Wis.) Chamber of, Commerce, and Joseph E. Calne, secretary, Oakland (Cal.) Chamber of Commerce. Ostracism. At on period In the history of ancient Greece the people of Attica possessed the power of removing from tha state, without making a definite charge, any leader of the people likely to overthrow the government. This waa so abused that In time It became the right to drive Into exile any per son who had become unpopular with out much regard to the cause of Tils tou ot popularity. The decision waa arrived at by vote, each citizen writ ing his vote on an oyster shell. The Greek word for oyster shell, expressed In our alphabet. Is ostracon, and be cause the ostracon was used as a ballot, the expelling of a person from the state by popular vote was called ostracism, which means blackballing or expelling. Nina Cents a Day Paid Hatter. The use of beaver In making hata commenced about 1200, for Chaucer mentions It Flanders turned out tha first. Hatters' guilds began to ap. pear In England, and apprentices were taught the art of making felt hata and decorating them. Nine cents a duy was then a hatter's wages. In the Sixteeuth century the first hat stores began to do business and hats, therefore as widely decorated as poetUi fancy, began to be standardised. In other words style began to rula, By 1600 styles were very much ln ert. dence, but were very changeable, Shakespeare's plays speak of varied types of hata then worn.