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THE PIOCHE RECORD
FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 9. H21 MILD CAPITAL GITY PLAN ill M. C. ANDERSEN'S SCHEME TO BE PRESENTED TO THE COMING DISARMAMENT MEET. IDEA IS THIRTY YEAHS CLD Headquarters for AH the Naticns May I r..-A.A " v:thin Nt Five It at Present tr.3 Ca Founded i Years Ostend , Fcvored Site. I Dy EDWARD B. CL Washington. Kfforts to in ....est del fgrtis ut 1'resldeiit Hurtling disarm ament conference lu the founding of "world capital city" will be made !y llei.diick Christian Anderson. Norwe-B-i-ii-Auwrlcau sculptor, author Bi.d kc.tniiNt, who has sjient $Ui.V fos-le.-ing his Interiiutloiiul metropolis nu4.ni; Kuropean governments. Announcement of tlie revival of llie moni.ient to establlt.li a world capital, u'buli was balled by tbe wur, was made by K. W. Fltzpatrlck. a con sulting architect, who Is tbe L'uiied Himob commissioner fur tbe Anderse n orgnnis'.sitloii pushing tbe Idea. It is proposed tentatively to establish I lie ' dr. am city" nt Ostein!, the I'.elg!:;il teajiirt. Advocates of the plan will petit Inn the disarmament confeieme delegates to approve the creating of D model city which will be the hend ipairtei'M of art, science, literature, t.adcs. commerce and world pence. Plan a Wonder City. "In Kurope tlie League of Nations Is nl.vios thought of in connection i. 11 great peace city," said Mr. !';t;;p.itrlck. "At present some of the I , ,.;in!s of the world are at work devising means of liniinting, bti Id n,' ti.ui governing this city. Ultimately li will lie not only tbe otllclal center of the world, the seat of tbe League of Nations, but It will develop vast i.ri, galleries, colleges as clcntiiig Iiou'm'M tor scientific Infonnation, an exchange for fixing world prices and it j:u,lieiing place for tlie medical pro fession. An International weather bu reau will Hash wireless reports and wuniings. "Mr. Andersen.,-who has been ham mering away at tbe Utopian bleu fur the last 80 years, is coming to tlie United States for the Harding con ference. Ills plans are already sub Haiiiially approved by tbe ICtiropeuu premiers ll Is probable that bis old friend, Secretary of State Hughes, will Introduce hliu when the, world capi tal plans are presented to tbe disarm ament conference. Sees Start in Five Years. "1 wouldn't be surprised If we see foundations laid for the world capita'. Kit bin tbe next live years. There will te no poverty, no Blums, no Illiteracy hi this International metropolis. An rdueuted public opinion will be tbe prophylactic that will, keep things llrulght. "Mr. Andersen's Idea was so well received nt the very beginning that plans were made not only for a build ing to house an International parlia ment, but a whole world community. All the great International bodies, luedlcal, Jurisprudence and so on, are Interested and ready to subscribe. Ernest llebard, architect of the French government, devoted a good part of cine vears to drawing the city's plan pe luld Ut assistance of some of the ereatcst engineers, sculptors and painters. "Surveys were made at different available points near Cairo, near Antwerp, near Paris, In Switzerland and In New Jersey. General opinion today favors Ostend, a compliment to Belgium, and, for practical consider I lions, a seoport. ''The possibilities and potentialities of the project are Immeasurable. The aorld Is ready for closer organization ltul greater centralization for the di rection of mass efforts. Nothing would conduce more to real Interna tionalism, Ideal democracy, than the building of this city." Mr. Kltzpatrick for years was a cou miting architect with the government at Washington. He was one of the iVsigners of the Chicago post office building, and several large bus'ness itructures there. He has just recently Tl favorable replw rlri:'r l-uer nrv U-i Uii ff ri!al rnn onVlnH. many if 'wImuii. Kepr-sciitatlve- I-uhrimj ciM nre s'gn'ug lueniler!iip blanks. The iiieml-ership fee la fi"(0, to Iw-f-h'd In monthly in stallments of $."0 each. . The congresnicnul Country club prop erty will consist of 405 acres of roll Ing and pirtly wooded land, lying alout ten miles northwest of tbe capital. Situated on the high ground above the I'otornar river, a wide view of the val ley and of the Virginia hills beyond will be had from the clubhouse porch. Ideal for Coif Purposes. Tbe projrf-rty Is considered Ideal for golf purposes nnd It Is said a com paratively siauil amount of work and short length of time will develop a good course. Two springs of clear water Join about the center of the property and Cabin John Creek flows across one en.1. A country home now on the proper ty will le used temporarily as a club house, but later will be devoted to the exclusive use of lady visitors. A main clc.bhonse Is to be erected on an eleva tion where It will be surrounded with trcs r.nd wiU overlook the golf course, with entrances from Massachusetts avenue extended and from Conduit road. A locker house, caddy house, garage and stables will be erected. Another feature will be a swimming pool to be constructed within a short distance of the clubhouse, where the two brooks loin. Memberships, which are transfer able, will be limited to members of congress, officers of the army and the navy, departmental heads, accred ited members of the press nnd friends properly recommended. The birds nnd squirrels at the grounds of the White House are to feel secure nnd safe from barm now Unit Mrs. Harding has enlisted In the cause for the protection nnd cure of them. It was made known Hint the "first lady" from now on Intends to take a lending part In protecting the 1 irds nnd squirrels. In line with her humane endenvora several birdliouses of the Twentieth century variety arrived at the White House iind were erected In sultnhle places about the grounds. Two of these houses nre for wrens, while others are for smaller birds. She has given instructions to the policemen nnd other attendants who frequent the grounds to he on the nlert always to aid the birds nnd squirrels. Army Airmen to Bomb Alabama. Air service officials are concen trating their uttention on plans for an Independent bombing enterprise against naval craft in September, ns a part of their program to educate congress nnd the people of the United States to the noed of a largo nnd efficient aerial force for the coun- i.viv.-.i i.t it j ") f t 1 1 it ? r q r i.forem-v w'ltl 1 U i I I 1 1 fc ! L J I f'ii-C'it iuIlUM ry's defense. The theoretical bomb ing of Washington and New York re cently wus a part of their progruiu. Using virtually every type of latest war inventions, including torpeuo- planes, mines, gus and missies weigh ing as much as 4,000 pounds, the air service officers will attack the old battleship Alabama, In the hope of adding a new chapter to the Inter service controversy which resulted re cently In the destruction from the air of a number of former German war vessels oft the Virginia capes, Selection of the Alabama as the target for the aviators was the-result of a request of the army. Acting Sec retary of the Navy Roosevelt an nounced that the navy department Is dismantling the vessel, and It will be ready to turn over to the laud and air warriors about September 1. The event, It was suld nt air servlcl headquarters, will be exclusively au nrmy uffalr und efforts will be made to simulate nctuul buttle conditions when the Alabama comes under fire. For that purpose the nrmy asked that the ship be turned over in sea-going shape, absolutely water tight, bulk beads sound, steam In her boilers and ventilating and communicating sys tems In working order. A request ulso was made that her nmgazlne be tilled with londs of powder nnd that In all respects save her useful offensive armaments, which nre being salvaged, she be ready for action. All Phases of Attacks. It was suid that definite reply from the navy as to the extent to which the Alabama would meet these condi tions when turned over had not been received, nor were the army men hope ful that they could obtain radio con trol equipment for her similar to that Is .in,; D. Stiil.l. of Sl ftle a no'.n .'nu'ttl Thu.-wlio by iVes'dent Hunl i. a- regi;-r at ui laud otfice at Koattle. N'iiie, art a .d law are one la d-Huriig JuLus I!. Sjji:i the fatbet of the third child of bU divorced wifu j ut Siin Fn:in 1m. The iihUi.t bau declared the bi:s'.uiid was m.t Jb fa'ber of the child, whose -ustody In soi:gh!. O.TicInis of the cometary wirken union announced receirtly at San Fran clsco that uui m members would g- oi. strike In three of the largest cemejer ies if an announced reduction of $1 u day U put Into effect The men art being paid SO. Ted iYIce, dt-puty sher!!T of Ther mM)Iis, Wyo., died wlrh a bullet in his he-art and Jack Mullendure, alieged whiskey runner, was probably fatutl Injured In a fight between a sheriff posse ami whiskey runners near Ther liiopolls Thursday. Fred F.rewster, age 14, of Clendo Wyoming, was torn to pieces during the week when a team of young mule be wns using to mow wvth became un inan;genbluand threw blm under tin machine, breaking his neck and muti. luting his entire body. w The stiute railroad commission o: Montana Wednesday received an np plication from tlie Great Northern Northern Pacific and Chicago, Milwau kee & St. l'uul lines for tbe adoption n Montana of the national code ol weighing rules now used by the Amer lean Hallway association. Ore man has been killed nnd thou sands of acres of Umber lund have been bur. ied over in Montana and norihei-c Idaho, uecordlng to reisirts ThursiUi. to the federal forest service. lry, hot aIiuIs are blowing in most of the na lioiial parks of the district and tlu situation wus declared to be serious. One nui n is dead nnd another per haps fatally wounded at Thennopolis Wyoming as a result of battle be tween sheriffs deputies nnd alleged '.ootleggers. Deputy Sheriff Ted l'ric( wns killed and E. I Mellendure, al leged bootlegger, was wounded when the battle twol; place, early Wednesday on u lonely road orth of there. Perpetual fear that haunted him day und night, led It. Martin, Chicago youth, into the police station at Globe Arizona, Thursday with a confession that he was one of Uie bandits who held up nnd robbed the bank at Cur lew, Iowa, August 19, of $500. In cidentally, the youth hud but $3.50 left from bis share "of the robbery. FARM LIVE STOCK RUNTS ARE LOSS TO GROWER Questionnaire Shows Many Can Bs Eliminated by Good Breeding and Proper Feeding. (Prepared by the U. 8. Department of Agriculture.) Tlie question. "Why Is a runtf has been answered by hundreds of live stock raisers who have filled lo and returned questionnaire reports sent out by the United States Department of Agriculture. These reports near ly a thousand of them show that In ferior breeding, poor feeding, and par asites are the three principal causes of undersized and underdeveloped an imals. In fact, about 75 per cent of runtlness Is traceable to these factors. All of these factors are under the con trol of breeders or stock raisers who by controlling them, can. Id a large degree, eliminate runts, which, accord ing to the reports, constitute 7 per cent of ail farm animals. The Information gained from the reports Is of much Interest and value to live stock owners. Department KEEP ACCURATE CASH ACCOUNTS Farm Household Records Valua ble as Supplement to General Farm Business. The Daughters of the American Rev olution of Wyoming have recently Is sued a booklet describing the activi ties of the state during the world war The booK will be placed In Hie files oi lie uu'tlonal society at Continental Memorial hall In Washlngon, D. C. F S. Hurrage, editor of the Iaramle (Wyo.) Republican, edited the fore Expansion of n Utah Industrial en terprlse which contemplates the dev elopnicnt of the Iron county iron de. posits ,the building up of a mncufac taring plant of extensive capacity and the possible atTTaction of additional manufacturing projects to Salt Iiiiki and tlie' suite, is reflected in the an nouncement of the Utah Steel corpor ation that ''.t promises to increase its capital stock from $2,500,000 fo $5, 000,1)1 H). A petition signed by county, city and federal officials and many residents of Santa Cruz county, Arizona, was for warded to the war department Tues day, asking that a detachment of sol diers be stationed at Unity. Ariz., foi the protection of residents of thai town. Postmaster Frank J. Peursoc and hi wife were killed by bandit there last Friday, ami Postmaster Kro ner and his brother were killed then about a year ago. Poth crimes wer attributed to Mexican bandits. i.ioved to Chicago, where he will main-1 successfully employed on the bnttle- tii!n the otlices of the world capital society. Country Club for Congressmen. Members of congress who have t.V'en the Initiative toward organ ising a country club for their use and 11k ti-e of government olllclals ave encouraged to believe that they ivUI iie able to "put over" the proposi I on. Several weeks ago a circular letter s scut out, signed by a co:n iiiipee consisting of Representatives I. iilii ing of Indiana, Cole of Ohio, Fish l New York and Hland of Indiana. ppprcsetitnilve I.uhrlng states that imrtv than 200 replies have been re te:ve.l. Indicating a strong Interest In the undertaking among congressmen. gW.-innient olllclals nnd nrmy ofllcers. The site selected Is the old Campbell Turin, beyond CalMu John P.ridge, out on the Conduit road. There is an eleven-room house with three baths, nr'' '.lenty of land there for a cottage colony. As soon ns 300 members have Joined th proposed club, Representative liUhring said, It Is proposed to start work on the golf course and, possibly, on feiHwleJing the house. He expects thnt tht club will eventually hnve a periiiniient membership o 1.60t, ship Iowa during the recent bomb tests. It Is Imped, however, to have the ship In motion, probably under tow, when the army airmen open their attack. Army plans call for all phases of air amicus nt sea. lviverytning rrom the ".0 -pound bombs, similar to those first rained on the (leruian dread naught Ostfrleslund, to missies double the si.e of the 200-pounders which sent her down will be employed, It was said, and In addition new smoku and gas bombs will be hurled at bet; decks from above. Several new pmji ecjts of the chemical warfare service nro to he tested out against 'the Alu buinn, nnd penetrative qualities of the gases will, be measured by means of the ventilation system on the Bhlp. ' Doth Couldn't Go. "Honey," said the negro suitor, "when we gits married you ain't gwlne to give up Ihnt good Job you has workln for de white folks, Is you?" "Rut ain't we gwlne to have no honeymoon nn' tuke a trip, on de train somewhere?" "One of us might go, honey. Dej ain't n thing holdlu' me, hut you' gol Hponsihllltles." Adolphus L. Flt.gerald of F.urekii Kev., 81, dean of the supreme consis tory of the thlrty-tTliird degree, Seo; tish Rite Masonry for the soirthert jurisdiction of the United States, dlec Wednesday morning at the home of his sou, "tichard. whom he was vlstlttn in Huston. Mass. lie was born In North Carolina, served with the eon federate army throughout the Civl war ti lid at its conclusion became pro. feasor of I.n.tih and (StceU at PaClfit Methodist college, then at Vncnville Calif lie was chief JusKre of Neva tin in 1M)4 and wns the leader of the sllvet party In the first rr.viin campaign ol IWNJ. He was past grand master of the Masonic grand lotl.- of Nevada. This Purebred Bull Was Badly Stunt ed When a Calf, Mainly for Lack of Suitable Food; but When Given Adequate Feed and Proper Care De veloped Rapidly and Later Took First Prize in His Class at the State Fair. specialists consider It dependable, for the replies hnve been received from a large proportion of farms on the accredited-herd list (having cattle free from tuberculosis), and most of the remainder are fcom farms whose own ers are cooperating with the Depart ment of Agriculture and state agricul tural colleges in the "Iletter Sires P.etter Stock" campaign. Those who answered the questionnaire are, there fore. Interested in tlie control of dis ease and the improvement in quality of domestic animals, and, In general. are progressive live stock owners. In addition to the three principal causes of runtiness previously men tioned, the reports show that there are numerous other contributing causes. A summary of the opinions from 7S3 live stock owners shows that the principal causes of runty live stock are: Inferior breeding, 31.6 per cent; Inadequate or unsuitable feed, 80.4 per cent ; parasites and Insect pests, 15.1 per cent; Inadequate hous ing and care, 12.4 per cent; contagious diseases, 4.9 per cent; exposure, 2.9 per cent; accident, 1.0 per cent; other causes, 1.7 per cect. It appears that the breeding of well-selected purebred stock produces very few undersized animals, but that with scrubs espe cially when Inbred the percentage of runty stock Is high. The reports show that runtlness Is most prevalent among hogs, the aver age percentage reported being 10.1. This, moreover, Includes a number of farms which reported no runts at all. One farmer who Is breeding good, purebred hogs and feeding them a variety and plenty of feed, states: "We have not had a runty pig In two years, although the litters sometimes contain from 9 to 11 pigs each." The results of the Inquiry Indicate that the size of an animal of good breeding at birth has but little rela tion to the mature weight where prop er feed, care and management are provided. This Is shown in a num ber of cases of successful hog raisers who report that lack of uniformity la fairly large litters has been overcome by proper feeding. A cattle breeder In Montana reports that proper feed ing and care of a runty animal re sulted in developing It to such a finish that It took first prize in Its class at the state fair. It appears from a summary of 929 reports that a comparatively small number of animals are born runty, and that most stunting of growth be gins a relatively short time before weaning, or soon afterwards. More than 50 per cent of ruuty live stock nppenrs during infancy or before weaning, according to reports, while 35 pef cent shortly after weaning, and only 4.4 per cent at birth. In reply to a question on the prac ticability of raising runts to market size 74 per cent of the replies Indicate that It Is not profitable, 14 per cent answered either yes, or yes with qual ifications. Comments show that a welt-bred animal, even though under sized, will develop Into Just as good nn animal when It Is given an equal chance. "With Inherited runtiness due to Inferior breeding," one stock man declared, "It docs not pay. Other cases due to lack of proper feed may be raised with profit." IMPORTANT MP TP ECONOMY First Step Toward Saving Usually Lies in Finding Out Where Unnecessary Expenses Are Incurred Two Good Methods. (Prepared by the United Sutt-e Depart ment of Agriculture.) Household expenses on the farm sre very Intimately connected with the business of the farm Itself. The farm normally supplies much material which otherwise would become a household expense. Tbe household. In turn very often furnishes hoard for farm labor, which would otherwise be a farm expense. Merely from the standpoint of keeping track of house hold expenses as related to the farm business, household accounts are de sirable and should serve to supple ment and round out farm accounts. But the value of household accounts foes beyond this. Such accounts are an Important aid to economy. A dol lar saved Is a dollar made, and the first step toward the saving usually ties In finding out where unnecessnry expenses are incurred. This can be determined only by keeping careful records of expenses for the whole year. Methods of Keeping Records, i There nre two general methods of keeping a record of household ex penditures. One Is to record the pur chases or money paid out, without Classifying the expenditures. The oth er Is to classify when the record Is made. The first method Is very simple, re quires no special form, nnd gives nil necessnrv Information recnrdlncr pv- LATE VARIETIES OF FRUITS FOR DRYING Apples Should Be Rc2s:r.ably Mature but Nat SoIL ' v I I ST k fo accounts "fake Only a Few Minutes - Each Day. The Vamp's Mother. The modern vampire Is nothing much mere thnn an Inmglnntlve Im provement on the bright-eyed girl of the old-fnsbloned church bnznar, who used to sell you a dime' worth of; home-made butterscotch for $1.25 Kansas City Star. Dream Lore. , To dream of being In n bnt.k I (tood to trndcHinen i.,n w (-urcful n to be misled by anyone thu Is dcci tul. BEST MANAGEMENT OF CCLTS Animals Up to Ons Year Old Should Be Given About Three Pounds of Grain Daily. Care should be given the colts, but few suggestions cun b made. Colt up to one year old should have from two lo three pounds of grain a day at two feeds; from one to two eurs old four lo five pocids l grain; from W4 to three yiius old. sveii to elg' pounds. pendltures. At the end of the month or at the end of the year the total ex penditures may be quickly added up. In order, however to know the totals for each kind or class It will be nec essary to make up a monthly sum mary, In which the Items will be dis tributed In different columns by classes. This extra work at the end of each month (or at the end of the year) may cause discouragement and neglect of classification, with the re sult that the greatest good that could be derived from the records Is not re alized. Under the second method, In addi tion to being entered all together In one column, the Items are classified in separate columns. This method has the same advantages as the first meth od and the additional advantage of allowing for the distribution of Items of expenditure to the proper classes without the Inconvenience of turning to some other page. The distribution may be left to moments of leisure If the housewife Is busy at the time the entry Is made. When the page Is filled the next page Is begun, the top line next to the heading being reserved for the total carried forward from the preceding page. The items may be totaled at the end of the month and these totals carried to the summary page at the end of the book. Kind of Account Book to Use. The kind of book to use Is not Im portant. An ordinary blank daybook or ledger book with a stiff cover may be bought at a reasonable price. If the verticnl rulings In the book do not serve the purpose others may be In serted with a pen or pencil. A blank book, with a stiff, pressed paper cover 12 Inches long and 7 Incites wide, with 34 spaces for Items and containing 48 pnges, Is excellent for tbe purpose and sells nt retail for 25 cents. With ver tlcal ruling and headings Inserted It serves the purpose admirably. In or der to eliminate the necessity of writ ing the headings on each page, the tops of a number of pnges may be cut off, allowing one set of heudln to serve for n pnges.' Accounts nre sometimes kept In book having small pnges, but a small page Is soon filled, Is often crowded and the Information Is scattered ovt too ninny for convenience In recording and studying the expenditures. Farmers' Hulletln No. 0(54, "Farm Ilrcaehoal Accounts," gives full dlrec- tki'i for keeping such accounts, and In It are to be found sample pnges of different methods In use with class! flcatlons of expenditures. This may be had without cost, by application to the Department of Agrlcujture, Washing ton, U. C. Care Should be Exercised in Pict'.i.-g and Handling to Avoid Bruising Get Peeled Product Into Evap orator Quickly. (Prepared by the United States tvpait- meiit of .Agriculture.! 1-ate winter varieties of upples ana tears are best for drying because they are sweeter than the early varieties. Apples for drying should be reasona bly mature but not soft, according to specialists of the United States De partment of Agriculture. Handle with care In picking and hauling so as to avoid bruising, as bruised spots be come discolored and must be trimmed off to make an attractive product. Ap ples discolor rapidly. iTeparatlons, therefore, must tbe made to get the product Into the evaporator as rapidly as possible after It Is pared. If a num ber of people are doing this work, this may be accomplished by dividing the paring, coring and spreading on trays. so that an apple spends only two or three minutes, on the way from the oaring knife to tlie drier. If only one person Is working, drop he pared fruit either Into cold water or into a salt solution made by dis solving one tablespoonfnl of salt in four quarts of water. Do not allow I he fruit to stand in the water any longer than Is necessary, because the water will dissolve the sugar and oth er ' valuable elements and the apple will absorb water, which will necessi tate longer drying in the evaporator. Carefully pare ami trim the product to remove nil discolored places. vVhen ;t paring and coring machine Is used, the apples, before being placed In it, should be worked over with a knife to remove all discolored spots. Care should be taken when slicing by band to make the slices as nearly the same thickness as possible. Threi sixteenths to one-fourth Inch Is the best thickness. Apples may be quar tered or cut into eighths, but they do lot dry so uniformly or so quickly as the sliced rings. The rings may be blanched In hot water or not as de sired. Spread the rings In a single layer on trays and place either in tlie sun or In a warm drier. Apples when drying should be covered with muslin or mosquito netting to prevent Insect infestation. A faw minutes' exposure will often cause the products to be infested. Dried apples that are brown or choc olate colored from the discoloration resulting from drying vrithout blanching possess as high nutritive value and often hnve a better flavor than the more attractive-looking blanched prod ucts. Dried apples will not be brittle when finished, but If a handful of the pieces are pressed together they will feel elas tic and springy and will separate promptly when released, leaving no moisture on the hands. When one of the pieces Is broken In two, it should not be possible to press moisture out of the center. Serviceable Petticoats. Mi'htgown bottoms make servlci iWe tf t eons. Household Question? Once a year every cellar should be whitewashed to sweeten It. Old tins with rancid water In them are famous mosquito breeders. Spinach with enrrot balls Is an ab tractive and wholesome mixture. If pies are brushed with milk be fore linking they will turn a delicate brown. Keep ' honey in the dark. If ex posed to the light it will quickly granulate. A whlskbroom is very handy " for cleaning woodwork nnd removing dirt from corners. If your oilcloth Is dingy It can be brightened by washing It with water In which a little borax has been dissolved. e If grease Is dropped on the kitchen floorput soda on It, then pour boil ing water on, and the spot will corns out easily. A bandy article about the kitchen Is a long-handled spoon such as Is used at the soda fountain for Ice orenm sodas. The kitchen floor Is best covered with linol'Mim, cemented to the fiooi to prevent It from buckling and to make It waterproof. If children's light or white suits b come fnded or strenked It Is a good Idea to dye them some darker colot sultnhle for play clothes. Snnp dress shields Instead of sew ing them In. Place a snap on enrh end of the shield and one In the middle. It keeps .them where thej belong. White of eue Is nourishing and should be given freely to Invnllds. pent I silently nnd add to tea nt cof,.?; or tt mnv be stirred Inn nni Vim I of farinaceous food Just before "l!V .