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A MARINE GRAVEYARD.
Where Many Mississippi River Steamboats Lie Buried. The Fatal Locality in Which Many Pala tial Steamers Went Down—Names of Some of the Well-Kcmem hereil Heats. _ The recent diseovt rv <<f a sunken raft by Mayor Walbrkïge in the channel of the river above the Chain >>f Kocks. I says the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. ; will bring 1 to the minds of many of our i old steamboat men the disasters that | befell the marine craft of this city in that portion of the river now included in the harbor of St. Louis. The char ter harbor of the city includes that stretch of' the Mississippi river be tween the mouth of the Missouri and the mouth of the Merrimac. That por tion of the harbor under the care and control of the wharf and harbor com missioner lies between the Chain of | Kocks and the Lives des 1 Vre». Fr<. m | the upper mouth of the Mi.-souri to the foot of North Market street there are j now lyir.-r under the silt am'. *ands the : wrecks ■ f over sixty boats and barges. ; Many of these steamboats were the i largest, best equipped and speediest that ever walked tiie navigable water ways of the country. They were in reality marine palaces, such as this generation has not seen. Sawyer's bend was the fatal locality ■where nearly all these splendid craft foundered and settled under the shift ing sands of the treacherous channel. Among the boats that were lost many j now living will recall tin 1 following: j York State. Southerner. Mary lUain. Highland Mary. Grace Darling. Alle gheny. Federal Arch. C. i'.uln. Yuba. Baltimore, .l-dm H. Carson. Philadel phia. Edinbr.rg. Challenge, Moderator. Nebraska. Sioux City. \\ hite < loud. | Omaha. Ne'.v Admiral. Geneva. Warsaw. Empire City. Gov. Sharkey. Submarine No. l.'i. Saranac No. U. War Eagle. Ben Johnson. Gerard Allen. Fanny Scott. Henry Adkiris, Columbia. Silver I!ow, K. .1. Loekwond. Wild Duck. Nile. Vic toria. ( hamoion. iilm.* hotige. ( alhoun. Alma. Central < ity. haven. Salvor. .J, W". Garrett, Hudson. Beaver. John B. Keiser. l'acitic. Lulu Worth, < ornelia un«l Badger State. The above were sunk between the years ls.Vi and lssS. In addition to these there were twenty barges lost north of Bissell's point within the same year. No record was kept of the "saw yer" or cut lumber ral'ts that were lost south of Alton, but it has been esti mated that the aggregate value was over a million dollars. Only two of the above-named boats, the Calhoun | and Alma, were raised. The bones of ail the others lie many feet beneath the sands, petrifying under the action of the waters. The actual loss in marine property to the merchants of St. Louis by the sinking of these boats was over live million dollars. It is a. sad com mentary upon the action of congress in its failure to provide adequate means for the removal of the cause of these disasters, and the general policy of making only dribbling appropriations for river and harbor improvements, that after 1800 few, if any, of these marine palaces were replaced with others. Many of the owners in the loss of this property lost not only all they had. but also lost courage because of the increasing dangers to the marine commerce of the immediate harbor of St. Louis. To add to the pathetic story of these disasters, many of them fat 11 to lif«>. it might be stated in passing that during the period named above tifty-tive splen did steamers were destroyed by fire within the charter harbor of the city. The hulls of many of them lie just out side of the present water line and form the retaining dike for the granite wharf. .Many of the grandfathers and grandmothers of to-day will remember with varying emotions their bridal trips on the James Howard, the Le viathan, the Bismarck, the Grand Re public, the Carrie V. Kountz, and others equally as grand. The "upper mouth of the Missouri'' within the past forty years, where it empties into the M is sissippi. has changed its location four or five times, and its present mouth is several miles south of the one that ex isted a few years ago. < )pposite these various mouths, and for one mile south ward, many of the disasters named above occurred. The outpouring of the Missouri waters was swift, the eddies and currents were treacherous and the snags and other obstructions so numer ous at that point that unusual care was necessary in order to avoid the fatal places. The conditions that existeil in Saw yer's bend forty years ago exist prac tically to-day. and are still a serious menace to the marine commerce of the city, with the added dangers to the important municipal and railroad in terests that have grown with the re quirements of the water supply and the transportation demands of a great me tropolis. If the waters in Sawyer's bend could be rolled backward, as the waters of the Red sea «»nee were, and the sands cleared away and the skeletons of our former palatial steamers photographed, what a terrible object lesson would be conveyed from a spot that is now the Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder Forty Yetrs the Standard. most thickly -ettl in the world. -d marine graveyard A Queer Clew. In course of transit between New York and New Orleans a packet of paper money had been opened and it-« contents considerably reduced. Two of the seals had been broken and one had been resealed by thumb pressure. Mr. Carvallio. an expert in matters of identification, endeavored to find out the thief, and with this view obtained wax impressions of the thumbs of all the officials of the express company j through whose hands the packet was known to have passed. The impres sions were phot« rapned and enlarged, and one of them clearly agreed with an enlarged photograph of the thumb-im pressed seal. The thief was thus de tected, DOCTOR nJ U HÜLSE. It Was Fixed ' I p After the Fashion of Fraudulent <iohl liricks. The "found spectacle" trick is a pret ty old one. but is v.--*a'ked every day of the year, says the New York Herald. I was talking with an egg and butter merchant a short time ago when a i tough-looking citizen jumped off of a passing truck and rushed in with a i pair of gold spectacles, or what ap peared to he. in his hand, and glibly said: "Gents, here's a pair of spectacles I've picked up—use glasses? What'll you ' give me fur "em? Can have 'em cheap. I don't use specs, and Fin in an a w f u 1 h u r r y —quick!'' "What do you ask for them?"' in quired a bystander, looking at the pair. "They look like gold, man." "Maybe they are." says the man, hastily snatching them away, as if he had suddenly conceived the idea. "Anyhow." says he. "they ought to he worth a dollar and a half—I'll give 'em to you for fifty cents, say." He passed them to ine. I saw at once they were the commonest kind of ordinary glass in a brass frame. "They are worth just one dollar a dozen," said I. And the man looked daggers at me. but sneaked out without a word. This is an old trick, played usually in a crowded street. "That's nothing." said the egg and butter man. laughing, "to the trick played on me some time ago. Two men stopped in front of my store with a light delivery wagon, and one of the men rushed in and called me by name, asked me how business was. and s«j on. "I didn't recognize tue man. and looking out of the window to get some clew to him from the wagon, just caught a glimpse of the latter being slowly driven up street. Still I sup posed it was some fellow I had had business dealings with. " 'Look here,' says he. 'I've got a couple of fine cheeses in my wagon— two more than our list calls for deliv ery. Now. don't say anything, but you can get them dog cheap ' "I told him 1 didn't do that kind of business. But he says: "All right— your neighbors will.' And 1 knew they w.'uld, too. and I says: 'Hold on.' And he came back. 'Bring 'em in,' says I. 'and I'll see.' lie brought 'em in. "They looked all right and weighed all right, and ought to have been worth eight dollars each. I took one and gave him four dollars. Without ray asking it. he had thrust in his knife and twisted it around and brought out the center of the cheese, and it' was sound and good. "But the man was in such a hurry, and the more I thought of it the more singular it looked. And I guess my conscience pricked me a little, for I be gan to think it was the same as buy ing stolen goods. Still. I wanted a good cheese. "I sent out for a tester and thrust it through the cheese and brought out— well, the worst stuff you ever saw! It wasn't worth anything! Then I saw that this thing had been plugged and the center filled with good cheese so nicely you couldn't see it unless you were looking for it. It was the regular gold brick game."' A Great Fortune. The huge fortune of the late Mr. Hugh McCalmont, which for seven years has been accumulating at com pound interest, will pass into the sole control of the heir. Mr. Harry Leslie Blundell McCalmont, the well known owner of Isinglass. The amount is believed to be not much, if at all, less than four million pounds sterling, and the bulk of this enormous sum was accumulated by the testator while a member of the once prominent firm of McCalmont Brothers. Rumor has it that the amount to which NI r. McCal mont will succeed exceeds that at the absolute disposal of any other single person in this country, and this is not improbable. Of course larger amounts are owned by some of the great city magnates, but probably in most cases their wealth is not entirely unfettered; it is either subject to heavy charges, or else is invested in business from which it could not be easily disen gaged. The largest amount of person alty recorded in recent years was that of Baron de Stern, which amounted, we believe, to some seven million pounds sterling, acquired largely through Portuguese finance operations. Advertise in the M adis ON'I an. N NORTHERN I PACIFIC R.R. 1?iilis Trough Cars to ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS. DFLFTH, FARGO, GRAND FOKKS, and WINNIPEG H ELENA, BUTTE, SPOKANE, TACOMA, SEATTLE, PORTLAND. Pullman Sleeping ( 'ars Elegant Dinning Cars Tourist Sleeping Cars TRAINS ARRIVE: No. 7. From St. Paul,Chicago nncl all Eastern points, arrive Sappina- I ton daily at 7 :23 a. m. Whitehall dally at -:(x)a. in. M. U. No. 2. From Spokane,Taooma. I Seattle, Portland, and all < oast points, arrives Montana l' mon Depot, dally at 9:05a. in. TRIIXS DCIMRT: M. U. Xo. 1. For Spokane,Tacoma, Seattle, Portland, and all coast and California points, leaves Montana Union Depot daily ar... !i :35 a. ni. Xo. S. F'T St.. Paul, Chicago, and all Eastern, Southern and Ca nadian points,leaves Whitehall. .10 :54 a. ill. Sappington 11 :3 m a. in. Through sleepine cars from Sappington and Whitehall to Spokane, Tacoma, Portland and St. Paul without change, upholstered Tui 1st. sleepers; elegant day coaches and dinn;ng car service un nil througu trains. For information, time cards, maps and tickets call on or write W. M. Tt oiiv. (5en. Agt., 2^ East Broadway, Hutte, Mont. , or CHAULES S. I KK, Generat Passenger Agent, St. Paul, Minn. ANDERSON BEOS., it Marlow'« olil stand Livery, Peed »».« Sale Stable I I 10 Good Outfits tor Commercial -Men and Tourists a Specialty. Proprietors ol the Dillon and Baunack Express Line. Dillou, Twin Bridges, Sheridan. :iud Vir ginia Mail and Express Line. Our I'atrous €»ol, Through passenger trains, through freight trains, quiek time via the Chicago, Union Pacific and Northwestern line to the principal cities east of the Missouri river Excursions. The Union Pacific will sell excursion tickets good six months lrom Dillou, Mont, to San Francisco iit the rate ol $75 and to Los Angeles at the rate ol $89. Excursion tickets good ninety days are also on stile to all Mo., river points at rate ol $00. To St Louis $72, and to Chicago $80. I'ii ion Pacific System. Through overland train leaves Dillon at 5:45 p. m. daily lor Suit Lake. Denver, Port land. San Francisco, i e.naha, Kansas City, St. Louis, Chicflgo. and all eastern points. Through train arrives at Dillon at 10:20 a. in. daily; through Pullman anil colonist sleeping cars. For lurther information, maps, lolders, rates, etc., call on or address E. V. Maze general ageut , Butte, Montana. F. T. Collins, Tkt. Agt. Dillon, Mont. Daily Coaches (Except Sundays) FKOM VIRGINIA CITY TO ZtsOHRIS. CONNECTING EAST AND WEST Witn Ennis. Meadow Creek, Margana, ltictunond Flats, Mining Camp*, Sterling, and Ked Bluff, and w'ih N. P. K. K. Trains at n orris and Bozeman. S.U. HUFORD & CO., Proprietors. Livery and Feed Stable C H BUFOR D, Prop. Rigs of all kinds—Single and Double. Gentle Saddle Horses • • • First-fins* Service nl all times al tlie Most Reasonable Prices and Careful at tention to your comfort. M. MAILAND * * * DEALER IX MEN'S BOOTSAND SHOES. LADIES" BUTTON BALMORALS AND WALKING ••• SHOES. MISSES FOOT WEAR Boots and Shoes of all Sizes and Quality CITY - - I, ™ 1T . ,, I • llAtSKK. I I't'SKi, nt. THE PONY SALOON 1 : UEO W RKIF, Proprietor ,m Corner of Wallace and Jackson Streets "Vizg-inlsi City, - Montana •cv e Keeps mule but tlu* lim >t hraiuls of t<. :•«• i ljii pi :«! tU meMii' \\"m>. Liquoiv and all kinds of Bottled Ht'« r and Alt s: als'«) tin- «-hoii 't^t mhc L i ii of imported and domestic eiyurs. I keep the purest -'«toils obtainable. K. 1). K ucekton . Vice-President. FIRST • NATIONAL « BANK Of" HIelena, Mcnt. CAPITAL AMD SURPLUS 1 ,000 ,000 A General Banking Business Transacted GEO. F. ( 'OPE, Cashier. Banking House of Henry E Virginia City. Montana Transacts a general banking business. Deals in jeign ami domestic exchange, state, county and « ity bonds jand warrants. Collections promptly attended to. Ii. k. White, President. nio K i.k M m . Cashier. FIRST » NATIONAL • BANK -pc __ A General Banking and Exchange Business Transacted. ( 'orrespondence Solicited. j j | j J ames M. H ern don DEALER IN and FURNITURE WALL PAPER UNDERTAKER'S . . . GOODS VIRGINIA CITY AND SHERIDAN Our undertaking department is located at Virginia City. Cotlim and under taking supplies always ready for shipment •• DILLON NEWS COMPANY A rthur J udges , Mn'g. Carry a full line of Stalionery, Booh, Wall Paper, School Supplies, and Periodicals, Mail Orders receive j PROMPT ATTENTION DILLON, MQMT. «•— •• I: l® ELECTRIC TELEPHONE Sold outright, no rent, no royalty. Adapted to City, Village or Country. Needed in every home, whop, More and office. Greatest conven ience and best Keller on earth. Af?entM make from £5 (o &50 per day. One in a residence means a sale to all the neighbors. Fine instrument*, no toys, works anywhere, any distance. Complete, ready for use when shipi ed. Can t e put up by why one. çever out of order, no repairing, lasts a life time. Warranted. A money maker. Write W. P. Harrison & Co., Cierk 10, Columbus, C • * v*' *** y*-. FACULTY OF 13 PROFESSORS AND TEACHERS. Five Distinct Departments, viz.; The Academy —The < o'.lege — Tl:e School of Mines. —The Conservatory «if Music and Art «lid the Commercial Department, including Stenography and Typewriting. Huilding new ana ample. Steam heat, Bath rooms with hot and cold water service throughout. Both sexes admitted on equal terms. W For Catalogue and information apply to Rsy.D. J. McMILLAS.D.D.PresJeerLoilge, Mon.