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u, OB W N I \ N Wliy Sea-Water Is Limpid, Another result of these experiments Is an explanation of the limpidity of sen-water, and of the fact that, the mud brought down by great rivers is de 1 posited close to their mouths. The salts contained in the sea-water cause the tine particles of clay to coagulate into larger grains, which sink to the bot tom. Thus the saltness of the sea is directly a cause of its biueness. since the latter depends upon 1 he clearness of the water. Lime lias a similar effect, and lakes which contain no salt are often as limpid and blue as the sea. Objected to Kain-Makintr* .Most men of science treat with scorn 1110 attempts to induce showers by ar tificial means. They do not beiievt iliat it is possible to draw rain I'roiu heaven by exploding dynamite in the upper air. They may be wrong, for in these days nothing can be declared im possible; but thus far experience says 1 hey are right. In South Africa there is another objection to rain-making. The very strict religionists of the South African republic deem all such efforts impious. After a full discussion by a committee to consider certain memori als against rain-making experiments, a resolution was passed instructing ilie government to draft a law forbidding them. The chairman of the committee declared that il was a monstrous thing, a defiance of the Almighty, to shoot in to the clouds, and that it should Ix made a criminal offense. Nineteen Yearn. Mr. II. Kussell, n scientific man #>f New South Wales, announces as a result of a prolonged examination of history from the earliest times that ♦seasons of drought recur with unfail ing regularity at intervals of nineteen years. Of two hundred and eight droughts recorded since the year JM .wt, all but fifteen conform to Iiis theory, which is that there are every nineteen years one long period of three years during which the rainfall is somewhat deficient, and a shorter period between each of the long periods when the de ficiency is excessive. He even finds a confirmation of the Bible chronology in the fact that the dates of the Eg.vp tian drought in Joseph's time, the drought during King David's reign, that, foretold by Elijah, and that pre dicted by Elislia, all fall into the nine teen-year period. A Fish Aids Science. There appears to be no limit to scien tific curiosity, especially in Germany. Recently Herr Kcgnard at Leipsic, wishing to ascertain whether fish are warmer than the water they live in. stuck a needle connected with a ther mo-electric circuit into a living tisli in an aquarium. The needle formed one element of the circuit, while the other element was immersed in the same water that contained the fish. The latter was not seriously injured by the needle, and quickly became indifferent to it. Then, as the fish swam about, carrying the needle, the ingenious sav ant closed the circuit and kept watch of the galvanometer. It showed no de flection whatever, from which he con cluded that the fish and the water were precisely equal in temperature, for had either been warmer than the other a current would have been generated in the circuit. A Plant with Kycs. The "eyes" are not for seeing, exact ly, but they serve a no less important purpose. They belong to a plain called the "shining moss," which inhabits cracks and crannies in old stone walls and rocky precipices, and appears to take every precaution against expos ing itself to full daylight. Only with in a few years has the fact been learned that the property possessed by this moss of shining in the gloom of its dwelling-places is due, not to phosphor escence, but to the existence on the surface of the leaves of thousands of minute cells tilled with transparent liquid, and shaped like the lenses of an eye. These microscopic eyes focus tin» • faint light that reaches them upon the green coloring matter of the leaves, called the chlorophyll, and thus enable the plant to live. Shining moss appears first to have boon described in France, but recent writers on natural history have shown that it abounds in some parts of this country also. There are other plants that exhibit a similar phe nomenon, and l>r. Alfred C. Stokes in cludes among them the ice-plant and icertain varieties of begonia. Finin Puslia's Parrot. Dr. E. E. Snow, of Batavia, is mourn ling the loss of the most remarkable pet that has been brought to this part of the country for a long time. It was a parrot, and had a past as well as a won .derful personality. When the doctor was in Egypt in the days of Emin Pasha he made the acquaintance of that potentate, and on leaving for home said he would like to take with him >one of the small gray parrots that are I peculiar to the Nile country, especially on account of their intelligence. So the viceroy sent out an attendant, who soon returned with one. It was called Pasha, in honor of Emin. and was all that has been reputed of its species. Pasha could talk, and especially iswear, in the best Arabic, and though he soon learned English enough to hold • a conversation equal to some people, 'lie never .'anrued to swear in English. When any cne was to be gone ovet in the bird's hiv«t style of vituperation it was the language of the Nile that was adopted for the purpose. Pasha liked America, and lived here fifteen years. The bird was a good friend when ac quaintance was once formed, but a cas ual visitor was his special aversion, and he made use of the strongest notes of disapproval when subjected to any intrusion. His vocabulary was large, and lie knew how to use it as some peo ple, even, could not. But he was so unfortunate as to take into close friendship a man of the fam ily who had consumption, and caught the disease from him. A violent hem orrhage ended I'asha's life. New York Press. LATEST GOLD BRICK SCHEME. The Operator Does a I/ittle Political Ariîninjï on the Side. There is no end to tlie schemes io which swindlers resort. A pair of them are now working in Pennsylvania, in the vicinity of Susquehanna, who have the very latest in gold brick tricks. They get into an argument with each other oil the silver question until they have attracted a good-sized crowd. They manage to work on the feelings of their auditors until the latter are prepared to take sides themselves. One of the men he who lias been advoca ting sound money makes the state ment that he can pound a double eagle into a shapeless mass of gold anil that it will be si ill worth •*-!!. whereas a silver dollar so treated would not be worth 100 cents. Iiis opponent says it is no such thing. To prove it the gold man lakes a gold piece from his pocket and pounds it out of shape, with a stone or something. Then lie Starts out to visit a neighboring bank, only to find that it is closed. I'.y this time I here will be some old fellow in the crowd, also an advocate of the gold standard, who is so anxious to score a point for his side that lie will offer $20 for the lump of gold. The money is paid and the rogues skip out, leav ing the old fellow to discover that the gold he has bought is only a bit of al loy and not worth a dime. A Russian Arte). An artel is an association of persons who agree to throw their lot together and stand by each other for better or for worse. If the artel is "productive, ' the members work together and divide equally what money they earn; if it is "consumptive," they share equally in the expense incurred. The most mark ed characteristic of these associations is the perfect equality which prevails among their members. No matter what may be a man's personal gifts or defi ciencies, from the moment lie enters an artel lie is simply on a par with his comrades, lie must bear the burdens they bear, and he receives the same re wards. in his turn he will be the nr teluian, or chief of his artel; in his turn, too, he will be as hewer of wood and drawer of water. As the former he will be neither richer nor poorer than as the latter, for the only emolument attached to the office of artelinan is shoe money —that is, a small sum granted as a com pensation for the shoes worn out while tramping about transacting official busr The Loving Cup. One account of the origin of the lo\ ing cup runs as follows: King Henry of Navarre, while hunting, became sep arated from his companions, and. feel ing thirsty, called at a wayside inn for a cup of wine. The serving maid, on handing it to him as lie sat on horse back, neglected to present the handle. Some wine was spilled over, and Iiis majesty's white gauntlets were soiled. While riding home, he bethought him that a two-handled cup would prevent a. recurrence of this disaster, so he had a. two-liandled cup made at the royal potteries and sent it to the inn. On Iiis next visit he called again for wine, when, to his astonishment, the maid (having received instructions from lier mistress to be very careful of the king's cup) presented it to liiin. holding it her self by each of its handles. At once the happy idea struck the king of a cud with three handles, which was prompt ly acted upon, as Iiis majesty quaintly remarked, "Surely, out of three handles I shall be able to get one!" Hence tin# loving cup. How the Ground Breathes. French experimenters have lately brought out interesting facts about the circulation of air in the soil. It ap pears that considerable oxygen is ab sorbed by the roots of plants, and the supply of this oxygen is maintained by air penetrating through the minute interstices of the soil. When the ground is covered with water, or when the molecules, or grains, of soil are dis solved in water and packed into an im permeable mass, then air cannot cir culate below the surface, and vegeta tion suffers. The experiments referred to show that lime or salt in the soil solidify flic earthy molecules and pre vent their being dissolved and packed by the action of water; hence the im portance of lime in keeping the ground open and permeable for the circulation of both air and rain-water. A Woman Hntcr Indeed. An opulent gentleman in the north of England, who had for years shut him self out from female society, died not long since, leaving a will the terms of which displayed in an unmistakable manner his hatred of womankind. Ig noring females entirely, all Iiis male relatives were provided with legacies, but on this condition, namely, that the single ones were to forfeit their inherit ance the moment they were married, and the married ones were not to come into theirs while their wives were liv ing. If the devil will just burn him. and find no fault, a man won't mind htU very much. THE HUSKWJG BEE. / ^v •' 7V/J/ ,sS " F ■ ""v. WÙ U#-' ' •;> „Wo} ;. '. it! \ M il § te (, M LOU.! m ./j m H vi « m. fh. Vr^v & m J m M *7 m - V a y fia M ¥6 i\li> tr W: X.i iS WW I. CL Tl»»' husking <»f ilic» corn, you know, Is soim'tliinix now in line; October's mellow hiizos glow With colors supcrline. It's kissing in the corner, And hu^xlng In the dark; The lovers of the rural parts Are ready for the lark. TRAINING FIRE HORSES. They Are Instructed to Jump When the Göns Is Sounded. The training of lire horses is indeed interesting and exciting. In some of the larger cities training stables for new horses are established. In these stables the newly acquired animals are IHEfS iff i /1 y ^ Y MMHEKING- UP. put through their paces in much the same fashion as an "awkward squad" in a military organization. A well known authority on tire horses says: "It is better to put a new fire horse into t 'k k-21 -.m % c^vV <f : V ' ''' •* i A Vi-civ,'.' - r: I _, urn $o. J' - '-4M - V' iWW-Ty, v.s-'r & 30 i,r. ( i BICYCLE BEING BUILT FOR A BROOKLYN CLUB OF TWENTY MEMBERS. the stall which he is permanently to occupy at the outset. It is as neces sary for a raw horse to accustom him self to new surroundings as it is for a human being tb adapt himself to new conditions. Under the training stable system which obtains in some cities a new horse is sometimes drilled for as much as a mouth before he is assigned to an engine house. It very often hap pens that when such a training stable graduate is finally put on engine house duty, he is so bewildered by the strangeness and unfainiliarity of his new berth that he forgets all that has been taught him in the training stable, 35 w IV WAITING FOU TUT ALARM. and must be instructed all over again." The drilling of the new horses is very interesting and entertaining. The engine house gong is sounded. The man standing at the horse's head pulls down the string bolt and releases the tie-strap. Standing at the rear of the stall is a fireman who slaps :he liorse on the haunch, un :i whh 1> the man There's rosy Kate, without n fear. Her teeth are pearly white; There's lusty Will, who's found an ear That's red—aad Iiis delight. It's kissing in the corner. And hugging in the dark: The lovers ot' the rural parts Are ready iur the lark. at the horse's head promptly leads him out to the pole, where lie- is hooked up. On the third and fourth repetition of the lesson, most horses learn what this means. The brighter animals will oft en get out of their own accord on the signal within twenty-four hours after their first lesson. Others, not quite so capable, will do so within tw r o days, and within a week the most of them get out to the polo in good style. In the course of time the horses will learn to spring to the pole ar night, quite un aided. while the men are scurrying down the sliding poles. Were it not for the brightness and alertness of the horses there could be no such tiling as the getting of a fire engine or truck into ihe rtreet within I the almost incredibly short time of sev en seconds after the lirst sounding of the gong. The average working life of a fire horse is three years. Suicide of a Rattlesnake. The question as to whether the rat tlesnake's venom is poisonous to itself has often been discussed, but if any satisfactory conclusion has ever been arrived at we are unaware of the fact. Dr. W. J. Burnett, formerly a member of the Boston Society of Natural Ilis ;. ry, says that there are good reasons i'i r believing that the action of the rat tiers' virulent poison is the same upou ail living things, vegetable as well as "iinal.' Other eminent naturalists com bat this theory and declare that the idea of an animal poison killing or in juring a vegetable is really preposter ous. Burnett says: "It is even just as fatal to the suake itself as to other ani mals." Then he relates the experience of one Dr. Dearing. The doctor had a specimen of the prolific rattler which he kept alive in a cage. One day he irri tated the reptile so as to study the ef fect of the anger thus provoked. The snake struck wildly about a few times and then buried its fangs in its own body. Almost instantly, the experi menter says, tiie reptile rolled over and died. If this story is true, and we have no reason to doubt the story, we see in it the remarkable and unique physiolog ical fact of a liquid secreted from tin» blood which proves deadly when intro duced into the very source from which it is derived.—St. Louis Republic. Mr thud a. Modern demands can be met only by modern methods. The successful dairy man must be a student of his trade, and the best results will come from the practice of dairy knowledge, and not from the traditions of the fathers. The producer of poor butter cannot stand against the .promoters and makers of substitute compounds. There is a call for the best skill from breeding time to market day. * What a blessed thing It is flat even r.iose of us who are reliable, don't have to prove al! we sa v ! It's up and down the middle; "Cross over to the right;" The banjo and the fiddle; Round the husking bee's delight It's kissing In the corner. And hugging in the dark; The lovers of the rural parts Are ready for the lark. BICYCLE EU I LT FOR TWENTY. Hujre Cour- Wheeled ^ fTair lïeinû: Con structed for a Brooklyn Club. An Ohio firm is building for a Brook lyn bicycle club the biggest, thing on wheels of its kind. This is a quadri eycie, intended to carry the entire club—twenty members. The machine differs from all the many seated wheels of recent manufacture in some impor tant respects. In the first place it will carry more persons by eight than its nearest rival. Again, it lias four wheels instead of three. Finally, in the principles of its construction it is unique. To the unskilled eye this viginticycle, if it may be so called, looks like two tandems, built each for ten, ranged side by side. Several Im portant mechanical features destroy this comparison. The riders will, it is true, sit in two parallel rows of ten. but the separate frames are joined together in a peculiar fashion, with' ball and socket joints, closed top and bottom, but open at the sides so as to admit of free lateral action. This is necessary to secure uniformity of steer age and also to enable the machine to run within a reasonably small circle. The gear is seventy-two front sprock et. loo rear. The machine is about eighteen feet long and four feet widev and is to weigh about GOO pounds. Fourteen Despairing llritles. At Ilounslow yesterday there was a remarkable scene when the Fourth I Ittssai-s left by the 9:15 train for South ampton en route for India. A detach ment of 400 men in full marching or der, and under the command of Col. Ramsey, proceeded rrom Ilounslow barracks to the station, where they were awaited by an immense crowd of friends, chiefly females. Among the latter were fourteen brides of only a week's experience of married life, and these were in a most distressed condition, the poor women crowding to gether and clinging with the fondest affection to their husbands. The sol diers quickly entrained, and after the last good-bys had been spoken the train steamed out of the station, leav ing the disconsolate brides weeping hysterically in a heap on the platform. The fourteen privates were married during the previous week without the consent of the colonel, and their wives were, therefore, not entitled to accom pany them.—Westminster Gazette. Training fop Nurses. In the nurse training schools of this country.there were, in 1S93, 2,710.per sons engaged in learning the busines# of caring for the sick. Pawky Scots in Gotham. Scotchmen have almost entire con trol of the stonecutting industries of New York. Every man feels the need of some agreeable person to grumble to. u -yn Walt's rr owing Ti e Prince stouter. President Fa lire, in his sliooti ug li cense for last year, was described as "getting gray." Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough, isv loved by all the tenants ou her hus band's estates. Postmaster General Wilson will to* the rural free delivery at his home, Charlestown, W. Va. Prof. Morris, of the University of Melbourne, is preparing a dictionary of Australian English. The Emperor of Germany stands twenty-first in the direct line of succes sion to the P.ritish throne. A granite block has been erected to the memory of Prof. Huxley on the southern shore of Lake of ,Sils. Iiev. A. Robbins, the first chaplain in ordinary of Queen Victoria at Wind has just preached his ö,000th ser mon. A Waterloo veteran, aged 09 years, has been discovered among the inmates of the Nottingham workhouse, Eng land. Sylvanus Dodge Locke, who has just died at Hoosiek Falls, X. Y., was tlr inventor of the first grain-binding ma chine. William neaeock, of Marcus Hook Pa., has a yellow pine chest formerly owned by Andrew Jackson, Presiden of the United States. William Thompson, C. E.. of London received the idea of pneumatic tire* from the pneumatic springs which wer proposed for carriages in 1S-15. The Gaekwar of Baroda possesses th most costly sword in the world. Th 'hilt is so set with precious stones tha. the weapon is worth at least £2-0,000. A number of Georgia papers durin. 'the campaign have referred to o G ver no Atkinson as a "wife-made man," an' his friends have not.denied the asser tion. Herr Krupp, the gun manufacturer lias dismissed all foreign workmen an~ officials from Iiis employ on the grounc of the betrayal of secrets to foreign governments. Napoleon Bonaparte and Georg Washington were two pensioners ro cently examined at the Baltimore sul treasury. Their records as deservin soldiers proved to be all right. John Endieott, of Beverly, Mass., i the only living eye-witness of the fan ons engagement in 1813 between th ill-fated Chesapeake and the Sliannor He is almost 100 years old. Judge Livingston W. Cleveland, th Republican nominee for Probate Judg in New Haven, Conn., lian given a gol lined clamshell to each of the forty del£ gates of the nomination convention. When the Czarina Marie was calle to England by the sickness of the Due' ess of Edinburgh she was actual! asked to pay for the coal and provision consumed during her stay at Bucking ham Palace. j Harney Barnato, the South Africa I gold king's, new mansion in Park Lan I London, is a very stately looking ed i lice, supported on white carved pillai Î that stretch from the ground up to th topmost floor. When William Dean ITowells, th novelist, decides to write a novel on an particular phase of life he orders j the clippings on that subject that t ; Le found, and the incidents thus obtai j fid furnish the ground work of the stor Glass of Fifty Years Ago. "The glazier of fifty years ago," sai a Maine man of experience in the bus ness, "worked differently from win we do to-day. Glass was very cost." then compared with present prices a much of it was so warped and crook it would be a curiosity in these tint Owing to the cost we had to be ve: careful in setting it aud the glazier that day had to be a good wood carv as well as a man of putty. The warp panes had to be laid into the sash a' their shape 'scribed on the wood und" neatli. This was then cut away so to make the glass fit into place. No «days the glass is tolerably true besides it is so cheap that we nev stand for a fit. It is sprung into pla and if it breaks it is thrown aside. T old crooked glass was, -some of it, superior quality. This was known Boston crown glass or Berkshire cr. tal. It was clearer and more brillia ilian most modern glass. Only the b ter quality of houses had this kind, b there are still many old residenc throughout Maine in which it may found."— Lewiston Journal. A Home-Keeping Inhabitant. "Lived here thirty years, and never saw the city?" "Never." "Did you ever have a desire to go town?" "Well, yes, I reckon I has. But y see, 'fore the railroad come hit wuz fur ter travel on foot, an' the m wuz too busy plowin'; an' arter the : road come, they went ter chargin' p pie fer travelin', an' so I Jest thou I'd stay home an' not bother 'bout in' the world. But what do you reck happened ter us 'tother day?" "Don't know." "Well, sir, my son John ackchu bought a ticket, jumped aboard o' railroad, went ter the city an' scribed fer a newspaper!"—Atla Constitution. She—That lame man with one over there, whom everybody calls c tain—was he in the army during war? He—Oh, no. He got his title injuries as captain of a college footb team. She—Oh, how lovely! The br fellowl—New York Commercial Adv tiser.