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WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS By Edward C. Wayne Washington Experts See War Crisis In Europe and Asia Within 90 Days As Hitler Premises’ German Victory; U. S. and Ford Clash on Labor Policy (rD.TOR-8 NOTE—When •pinion, are ..pressed In three column., they are mo.e of the new. analy.t and not neccarily of tbl. new.paper.) — iReleased by Western Newspaper Union i BARD1A, LIBYA. — Two Australian soldiers of the British forces in Libya look at the nameplate of the main street in this city. After en tering Bardia, the Aussies changed the street name from uBenito Mussolini” to “Aus tralia. 60 TO 90 DAYS: Crisis Will Come In Washington, where bets can be obtained on almost anything, the odds are 55 to 45 that the United States will be at war with Japan within 60 to 90 days. Peace is on the short end. The view is shared by competent observers. Whether there will be actual armed conflict probably will depend on what happens during this period. The predictions are being made not by goosebone prophets but on careful analysis of political, mili tary. geographical and economic factors. Those most apprehensive in the capital are concerned with adoption of the lend-lease bill which would give President Roosevelt full pow ers to place the nation on an all out war footing. They believe Japan is a full partner of the Axis and will act on orders from Berlin. They believe that within 60 to 90 days Hitler will order the full force of his powerful attack let loose on Britain and they are doubtful of the outcome. They fear the United States will be faced with an enemy on the Atlantic and the Pacific at the same time. For America the chief immediate political factor is the triparty pact among Japan, Germany and Italy, signed last September. The pact provides for co-operative action if either of the others is involved in a war. These officials believe the treaty is an outright offensive alli ance aimed at the U. S., Just as Nazi spokesmen said at the time. In Tokyo those immediately con cerned are seeking full powers for the cabinet headed by Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye, who is pledged to the "new world order." In both countries it is the appar ent desire on the part of leaders to prepare public opinion for the worst so that there will be no outcry which would force modification of the programs Crisis Year President Roosevelt’s birthday is a holiday in Germany, but not for the same reason. In Germany it is celebrated as the birthday of the Nazi acquisition of power. Annually Hitler makes a speech. This year was no exception. But his speech bade the German people to mark the year 1941 as an exception. He promised it would be the victory year. He said the ''♦tack on Britain was near, that it would come without fail in spring, and he warned that no aid from the United States would be permit ted to reach England, Every ship carrying help to Brit ain, he said, would be torpedoed, no matter what its ownership, no matter if it was convoyed or not. Also in the theater of war: C. The British continued to make headway in Libya, besieging Ben gazi, the last main port held by the Italians and threatening to ex tend their lines to the border of French Tunisia. * C. In East Africa they also battered their way into Eritrea. The Italians retreated in trucks. An Italian army of 100,000 there was said to be in a bad way. C, German Big Berthas were firing from the French channel ports into England. Whereas before the pro jectile toppled into the Dover area, now they were reported to reach 10 miles inland. WAR CONFIRMED: Senators Hear Report When Wendell Willkie decided to go to England to “see for himself” the progress of the war, there was sarcasm in some sources. It was said the G.O.P. nominee intended to “confirm the rumors of war in Eu rope.” Willkie went, he saw and hurried home. Hardly had he arrived in London when an announcement was made that he would reduce the length of his stay in order to report home sooner. Even after that, an other 48 hours was cut from the schedule at the request of State Sec retary Hull who asked him to testify before the senate committee consid ering the lend-lease bill. Willkie’s speed on the journey over and back seems almost a rebuke to the isola tionists who have emphasized how far away England really is. But there was more sarcasm for Willkie’s trip. It came now from Republican sources. The national convention of Young Republicans, meeting in Des Moines, Iowa, heard a resolution which condemned the party leader for his support of the bill. The resolution was not passed. It met with displeasure at the hands of many G.O.P. stalwarts who believed Willkie’s position in support of the administration policy should not be criticized at this time. A few days earlier, in fact, the Pennsylvania state Republican com mittee itself went on record as fa voring the aims of the lend-lease bill and requesting the state’s Re publican congressmen to vote for it. Some G.O.P. newspapers, however, were not pleased. One declared Willkie, by supporting the Roosevelt foreign policy, was a “Quisling” to the Republicans. CRACKDOWN: For Defense The war department announced award to the Fargo Motor com pany of Detroit of a $10,298,128 con tract for trucks. At the same time it let it be known that the Ford Motor company was low bidder but that their estimate was thrown out be cause Ford refused to agree to labor policy restrictions. The specifica tions of the contract called for ob servance of the labor policy state ment adopted by the defense com mission last fall. Through this part of the specification the Ford bid had drawn a line in red ink, block ing it out. The refusal of Ford to observe the provisions of the bidding is not the first difference between the com pany and the government, nor is it the first business the firm has lost. The automobile manufacturer held out against the NHA, and the gov ernment stopped buying Ford cars. In Pennsylvania the state also can celled an order then for several mil lion dollars. Last fall Ford refused to accept a defense commission con tract for airplane engines because the material was scheduled to be shared with Great Britain. Supporters of the most rccerrt ac tion within the government declared that it was wrong to award defense contracts to a manufacturer who has been held guilty of Wagner act violations. A Ford spokesman asserted that while the manufacturer would re fuse to make defense material re quiring compliance with the law, he was willing to make any material possible without any profit to him. Wfmm PESSPHS mam <nW ■+ l ■ f rW\ tX4. 1 ' . \S i. * A L A-A ;] Four-Alarms Worth of Fire The upper stories of a six-story building at 661-3 Broadway, Brooklyn, N. Y., take on the appearance of a roaring furnace during the four-alarm blaze fought by more than 200 firemen who played streams of water on the flames from roofs of adjoining buildings. Stores on the lower floors W«ne. -protected by th* fast action of the firemen. Col. Lindbergh at Senate Hearing In his second appearance in two weeks before the senate foreign rela tions committee Col. Charles A. Lindbergh stated that extensive Ameri* can aid would only prolong the war, without materially affecting the re ■hows Walter F. George, chairman of the committee, Col. IJndbergh, and Sen. Gerald Nye, a member of the committee. Adm. Kichisaburo Nomura, new ambassador extraordinary and plen ipotentiary to the United States from Japan, is pictured as he witnessed the review of the Thirtieth infantry at San Francisco presidio shortly after arriving in Amerlea. With No mura is General Dewitt, command er of the Fourth army. Left to rifht: Admiral Nomura and General De witt. Killed in Bomter Capt. R. 8. Freeman, commandant of Ladd field, who was killed when a four-motored huge army bomber ■mashed Into Ragged Top moun tain at Lovelock, Nev., killing the crew of seven. Outdoors Moves Indoors at Sports Show r r***^arc.* To Speak . »° S?fcPI2irt H* annoaI Prevne of outdoor sports February 22 to March 2, at the International Sportsmen's show. These pictures, taken at last year a show, are typical of what is comtaf. Indians from a number of tribes will add color to exhibits, wildlife will become friendly, and the bow and arrow will be exhibited in competitive events. Secretary of Labor, Frances Perk ins, (above) is scheduled to address a special ^roup banquet for women at the Fducation Congress which will be held in Atlantic City, N. J., | February £2-27. Public Places Censorship Upon Undesirable News Opposing Viewpoints Dismissed as False; Government Aims to Increase Trade With Latin America. By BAUKIIAGE National Farm and llama lloiu Commentator. WNU Service, 1S95 National Press Uldg., Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON.—As emotions rise here over the debate of American foreign policy and America’s role in connection with the F.uropeun war a strange sort of censorship is set tling down upon the nation. I can feel it in the mail which I receive from listeners to my broadcasts. It is not a government censorship. It has nothing to do with company rules und regulations, it isn't even voluntury deletion on the part of writers or commentators. It is a censorship which the public itself invokes and it is quite as effective as the kind imposed by Herr Goeb bels. I have encountered it before. It is simply a flut refusal on the part of the individual to believe any thing he doesn’t want to. He puts it into operation with u twist of the dial when he hears something he doesn’t agree with on the radio or by tossing the newspaper into the corner when his eye catches a senti ment of which he doesn’t approve. But let me give you some striking examples of this ’’audience” censor ship—of how the public will believe only what it wants to. The Athenia was sunk while I was in Berlin. Shortly thereafter, com ment of a high American official was cabled to German papers. This official in Washington had re ferred to the “torpedoing” of the ship with the implication that the Nazis did it. The Germans with whom I spoke (people Who couldn't have known any more about what really happened than I did) were astounded. c*ven u we wamea 10 lorpeao a ship full of Americans,” one of them said, "we wouldn't be quite dumb enough to do that when the last thing we want is to get the United States into war. If it was torpedoed at all the British did it to get you in on their side." When I got back to the United States I found that it was accepted without argument that the Germans had done it. To the best of my knowledge it has never yet been determined Just what happened to the Athenia. British Fliers Interviewed. I’ll give you another example. While I was in Germany I had a chance to interview the first three British airmen shot down in raids over German territory. To be per fectly frank I found them, even the two who were laid up with injuries, extremely satisfied with their treat ment. Naturally they had a good deal of attention being "firsts." And in those days the feeling wasn’t so bitter. I did report the factual things they told me—I interviewed them with no Germans present and we all spoke freely. But did the British public believe it? I should say not. An Internation al News Service dispatch from Lon don to American papers the next day quoted "diplomatic circles as being concerned" and stating that "one spokesman labeled the broad cast an obvious fake.” But no Englishman at that point wanted to believe what those boys said about their treatment or their personal feelings toward their cap tors. Broadcast Cut Off. ine imra experience was me most amusing. I was broadcasting from Berlin and I wanted to get over the Idea to my American listeners that while I was well treated I was under cen sorship and that if I departed from my censored text I would probably be cut off So I said this: “It is very much as if I were in the office of a man whose whole fu ture is suddenly at stake, still he is kind and courteous to me. He of fers me his hospitality. He let’s me use his typewriter and now he pushes his busy telephone across the desk to me to let me talk to you, right before him.’’ And right there I was cut off the air The American listeners knew what I was driving at and imme diately surmised that the Germans had cut me off because I was criti cizing the censorship. But a few days after the event I was sum moned to the German foreign of fer ar.d questioned at length by a : igh v suspicious underling. “Why,” he asked haughtily, “did th« National Broadcasting Company cut you ofT when you were praising the Germans?” Meanwhile I had been notified of what had happened and 1 explained, truthfully that I had been cut of! be cause I had reached the end of a period and that had I continued, it would have interfered with a regu lar commercial program. But did my Nazi accuser believe? Did my American friends believe when I re turned? Definitely not! That is the censorship which is growing ns the nation is stirred over the debate on the lend lease hill. And not only do pros and antis defend their cause with patriotic fire but each is ready to declare that the other who disagrees must be silenced for the good of the Repub lic. That is the kind of individual censorship against which no protest, however powerful, can prevail. Seek to Improve Latin American Market “Good fences make good neigh bors." I once quoted that line from a New England poet to n Dakota farm son and he flew into a ruge. He said it was typical of the unneigh borlincss of the Yankees. Well, be ing prairie-born myself with a long line of New England ancestors I am inclined to sit on that fence and look both ways. Perhaps we ought to say that there is nothing unneigh borly in a good fence so long as it has a gate. And Uncle Sam feels, the same way about the "Good Neighbor" business as it applies to South Amer ica. The farmers on both sides of the international fence, the Latin American farmers and the North American formers, while they are all for unity, economically, political ly and culturally, are a little wary about competition. Thut is why the department of agriculture talks so much about "complementary" or non-competi tive products in its program for de veloping trade with Latln-America. We want to sell goods to South America. We have lots of things they want. But in order to buy our goods they hove to have American dollars. They con get the dollars if they can sell their goods to us. Many of the things they would like to sell us we already have—especial ly agricultural products. Therefore certain questions ad dressed to the department of agri culture are pertinent. Here they are along with the official answers: Principal Imports. What are the principal agricul tural products we now import from Latin America? “Our agricultural imports from Latin America are of two general types," says the office of foreign agricultural relations. (1) "Complementary or non-com petitive agricultural products, con sisting for the most part of coffee, cocoa, bananas, sisal, henequen, special types of wool, spices, essen tial (volatile) oils, and tagua nuts. Such products are normally import ed to meet the whole of our re quirements since they are not pro duced at home." (2) "Supplementary or competi tive agricultural products. These include cane sugar, vegetable oil seeds, cattle hides, unmanufactured tobacco, meat products, vegetables and vegetable preparations, dutiable wool, goat and kid skins, and lin seed, to mention the more impor tant.” How does the department of agri culture propose to increase trade be tween the United States and Latin America? "By developing in Latin America for United States consumption the tropical and semi-tropical products which are not competitive with our agriculture." Does Latin American co-operation mean increased imports into the United States of supplementary or competitive agricultural products? "No, that is not the aim of the department’s program." What are the complementary or non-competitive products of Latin America, the imports of which can be increased? They consist of crude rubber, cinchona bark from which quinine is made, abaca or manila fiber, valu able for the making of ropes for the navy, rotenone-bearing plants ex tremely valuable for insecticidal purposes.