Newspaper Page Text
__ _ _ JBluefielb
“"Wi"-1_EVENING LEADER. lu*ssB3r VOL. 1. NO. 245. HUTEFIKLD WEST VIRGINIA, MONDAY EVENLMO, JANUARY 14, 1!H)7. ... PRIOR TWO nTEWm SITUATION AT JACKSON IS STILL UNSETTLED. THRKATH AND FKAR OF TROF MiR STII-I, FRKVAIF. * . * ■ * • • Tho disappearance of John Smith from Jackson has caused no alarm to the attorneys for the prosecution in the Hargis case, who think they will be ablo to find him when they need him. Smith said before leav ing Jackson that threats had been made against him and he did not think It safe to remain in town. Ac cording to reports prevalent in Hroathitt more surprises are com ing for the defense in the Hargis caso and some of Hargis’ former staunch friends are deserting him. EXTRACTS FROM SENATOR TILLMAN’S SPEECH Tho President’s action was noth ing more nor loss than lynching. It is contrary to the fundamental principles of liberty that the innocent should suffer for the sins of the guil ty The negro troops should never have been sent to Texas. It Is useless to deny that the race question lies at the bottom of all this. It Is useless to say that theaf troops were discharged because they were negroes. The President is primarily more responsible than any other man for the position the negroes of the South have taken on the question of negro ngum. Th'* attitude of the administration on the social question has been tlu? cause of a great and noticeable change in the demeanor of the neg roes of tlie South. The white people of the United Statc*s are face to face with the vital Issue as to whether the Caucasian race shall share its inheritance with the other races on the.earth. * Is President Roosevelt ready to act up to his own theory and have his children marry men and women of other races? Would he accept as a daughter-in-law a Chinese, a Malay, an Indian or a negro? Is the statesmanship of our time Inadequate to cope with the negro question as the statesmanship of 1NG0 failed to prevent the dire catas trophy of civil war? That war was fought to settle the race question, but forty years afterwards we find conditions more threatening in some respects than they were in 1K61. I am ready to go to battle under the slognn, “America for Americans and this Ih a white man’s country and whlto men must govern it.” TOT SHOWS HER STRONG DEMOCRACY Washington, I). C., Jan. 14. The little daughter of Representative Burleson of Texas, goes to the same school Quentin Roosevelt attends. They have a drill each day in marching out of the room. Little Miss Burleson was so placed ♦ hat she and Quentin Roosevelt were to take hold of one another’s hands and march out. The little girl held hack when she saw the President's son with extend ed hand alongside of her. “Take his hand,’’ the teacher said “I’m sorry, but I can’t,’’ Miss Burleson said. “Why not?* the teneher asked. “Because I’m a Democrat," she said, and insisted on walking down nlone. THE COUNTRY’S GROWTH. Here is an eloquent story of the country’s wealth and greatness in a nutshell. It Is from the New York Sun: "Ten years ago our yearly pro duction of coal was 170.000.000 tons, and wo thought It a heap. Last year we mined 400,000.000 tons. In 1896 wo produced 8,600,000 tons of pig iron. LuBt year wo produced 26, 000,000 tous. Our copper output of ten years ago was 240,000,000 pounds. It Is now 900.000.000 pounds. In 1896 we dragged from the bowlee of the earth minerals and mineral substances worth nbout $6 25,000,000. The value of our mineral products in 1906 approxi mates $2,000,000,000. The figures aro bewildering in their immensity. It is no wonder that wo are the rich est Nation on enrth. Yet in spite of it all there Is something loft to hope for, and there may bo something left to fear.” The country's growth and richness tire really staggering Wo are grow ing so rapidly It causes a feeling of apprehension. But the population Is growing, and the average of wealth Is not. large enough to disturb any body. Ono trouble may bo that we may learn such extravagant ways we will be sorely discontented when less prosperous times fall upon us. There is no rose without Its thorn, but we all like roBos. MARSHALL MEN DEFEATED BY THE CRAFTERS A dispatch to tho Register from Charleston says: The battle over the presidency of the senate that recently rnged so fu riously has left sears deep and last ing upon tho body of the grand old party In West Virginia. Tho eloetlon of McDermott did not mean that the insurgents had been silenced or de stroyed. but simply served to make them swear a deeper oath to bo re vengd upon th administration nnd Its friends who helped put the knife into them and twist It around. One of the Insurgent leaders said: The Marshall forces had opposing them In combination the state admin istration, Senator Elkina, tho rail road ard Oil. To he able to come within one vote of nominating their man against such odds ought to convince everybody that the Marshall forces aro not without strength and stand ing in tho state." THE LIMIT OF DISASTER. Tho founders of the government could not forecast every futiiro ten dency, and they naturally nnd wisely left tho prerogatives of the various branches of the public service to some degree vague. The president's ad mirers will affirm that he has merely taken advantage of this vagueness, not usurping, but discovering powers to exercise; that he has acted not unconstitutionally, hut. at the most, ext raconst Rationally. And to sny that a chief magistrate shall confine himself vigorously to the privileges enumerated In the constitution would he to put a disastrous limit on the execut |vo authority. Providence Journal. BACTERIA. There Is a motion 0n foot to get a corps of scientists to determine the cause of a curious condition ex isting nt Welch A man may go there In sound health and in possession of all his seven senses, holding to a Democratic faith Inherltetd through generations, anti within n few weeks find himself a Republican. If, Is thought that there must he some atmospheric, or sanitary condition which brings about the chnnge. We hellevo that our friend Wyndham Stokes Is the only exception, A mi crobe that would farle Stokes would have a big assignment Pocnhonfns Headlight ' - - ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ 44 44 44 44 * Tho Mark of Tho Murk of ONE WAY TO MAKE MONEY i Absolute Reliability. Is to save it. Our Merchants will SAVE Many, Many Dollars in FREIGHT and Other ways during IhOT by favoring us with ALL Their Orders. And the consumer gets more than full value, for we handle Only the Best. Now Booking Orders. Dan till them complete in a few days See our Samples before Buying. The Bluefield Dry Goods and Notion Company, Importers and Exclusive Jobbers. ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦« ♦♦ ♦ ♦ «» ♦♦ 4 4 +4 ♦♦ GRASS IN RAIL WAY CUTS. AN INTKRKMTING EXPERIMENT O* T1IE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD. That h steep slope covered with grass does not wash away like bare earth is a fact known to everybody, yet apparently railways have been slow to uso grass systematical iy to protect cmbnnkmcntB and especially the sides of cutB. Now, however. Home roads are expending a good deal of money In planting anil sod ding slopes. Needless to stry, the re sult Is pleasing to the oyo, entirely apart from its efficiency In preserv ing the earthen bank. Sayn the Hallway Age, Chicago November'J: — “What an Ideal roadbed should bo both for wonring qualities and ap pearance, la represented In four stretches of the line of the Pennsyl vania rnllroad between Philadelphia and Pittsburg. Grassy banks sloping smoothly down, when the tracks nro In a cut, are the features thnt strike the iKissenger’s eye; but the grass Is morn useful than ornamental, and eventually Is exacted to mean the saving of thousands of dollars now spent on maintenance of way. Water Is the greatest enemy of (ho road bod. Water flowing down unsodded slopes cnuse erosion, washing dirt and stone Into the ditch beside the track, smd choking drainage, and per fect drainage Is the secret of success In the maintenance of roadbed “In the summer of 1905 President Cnsaatt suggested Improvements In order to reduce the cost of main tonance as well as to make travel for the patrons of the Pennsylvania saf er, more comfortable, and altogether more agreeable. A committee of en gineers was Instructed to prepare plans for n bed with drntnlng facili ties ns near perfect as possible nnd 15 miles of new roadbed Is the re suit of th > committee’s report. One of two-mile stretches of standard road tied Is near Tamcnster, on the Philadelphia division, nnd the other near Newport on the middle division Two shorter stretches, 2 1-2 miles each, are on to Pittsburg division, one near Cresson on the western slope of the mountain, nnd the other about 50 miles east of Pittsburg, at Hillside. "The Pennsylvania requires a ditch 10 1-2 feet wide of a four-track road, and the bottom of the ditch must he 3 1-2 feet below the level of the top of the tie. This gives a derided slopo from the lowest part of the ror .lbed to the dltrh. so that, water tri kllng through the ballast will flow off rapidly. The ditch Itself Is of or dinary soil, hut the company has tried the experiment In some places of sprinkling It with oil to keep down both weeds nnd dust. Whatfcvcfij method is adopted, tho ^Important object Is to keep the ditch clean and unobstructed. Ft has been found that the grass hanks Oil the hill admira bly. When It rains, the water pours down over them without bringing anything with It, and follows the ditch to the nearest outlet. “The 1 miles Involved the use of 73,000 cubic ynrds of new ballast to make the drainage perfect. The cost of sodding with blue grass was even a greater Item. It. was calcu lated by the onl ine* rs that GO per cent of tho entire cost was for cut ting down and sodding the slopes ”— Literary Digest. EDITOR ONLY JOSHING’ HAS TO MAKE GOOD Kalamazoo. Mich., Jan. 14.—John A. floss, managing editor of the Ga zette, was only “Joshing” when re cently he said he Intended to open the day’s work on the paper with prayer. The local clergy took him at his word, commended him, and at the hint that the proposition might he a Joke commented on the possibility In such a way that Mr. Koss had to sit up nnd take notice. He was privately advised that If he dl*l not make good he would con demned for sacrilege by tho commu nity. The proprietor of the Gazette also took n hand In the matter and under pressure Mr. Koss hegnn to make good. The staff gathered In the editorial room this morning, and an evangelist offered a prayer. Then the reporters] scurried out on the divorces, fires nnd murders. A clergyman detailed from the Ministerial Alliance will of ficiate at the newspaper offles each day. WILL DIO BIO DITCH. KNOXVILLE AND NEW YORK CON TRACTORS, LOWEST DIDDERS. WILL CONSTRI CT CANAL JOINTLY. William J. Oliver, or Knoxville. Tonn., and Anthony M. Pangs, of Now York city, bid lowest for tho construction of the Panama Cannl and will do tho work Jointly. The bide wer© oponod today; tho lowost bids were for 6.7, per cent of th total estl mated coat. Among tho obligation* assumed by tho contractor is beginning work within sixty days after the signing of the contract. STEEL MAIL CARS ON N. & W. THRKR ARK UVNNINC BETWEEN NORFOLK AND COM MIIH8 Tho Norfolk and Western Railway Company has roeelv«vl from tho Pull man Company, Pullman, III., threo stool mall enrs, which were built es pecially for tho Norfolk «c Western and hoar tho date or December, 1906. That Is, they are fresh from the Pull man shops. Tho crews which man the cars run from Norfolk to Bluefleld, W. Va.. where they turn thorn over to anoth er sot, who go on to Columbus. Tho new cars, which nro painted what may he called Pennsylvania red. reaembles the ordinary mail car s«> closely that only an expert would soe wherein they are different. Tho framework of the car Is of stool ami apparently of great strength Adding much to tho wolght of tho car, however, which roaches 107,600 pounds. That Is more thnn tho ordi nary Pullman sleeper weighs. Such a car and nlso tho ordinary hig wood en passenger coach of tho new type weighs but 86,000 pounds. The sides of tho mall cars are of wood, but thoro Is not much to burn In evi dence. The cars gre heated by steam light ed by tho IMntsch system and have every modern device for handling mall mnttor. From tho appearance of tho enrs, tho rnllway postal clerks Inside one of them would ho far safer in case of collision than they would he were they In a car mado wroily or largely of wood. Tho malls, too, would appar ently ho safer. WOMEN WEEP WITH MARTIN. fc. IllXJ DETROIT VK BALDWIN IN IIOVDTON TO RFLEARK CON FFHHKD BANDIT AND HOLD POWLKY—FATHFIt OF Aft 1 H Fl» HFRVKD IN CONFFDFKATF WAR. Richmond, Va., Jan. 14—Detect I vo Erie L. Norton, of the Baldwin De tectlvo Agency, who has Just return ed from B%dtown, where he attend ed the preliminary hearing In the Da Crosse train robbery case, at which Percy Martin was held for tho crime, Raid that women of the Mecklenburg county town have shown great sym pathy for the confessed bandit nnd begged that ho he released. "The scores of beautiful women surrounded Mr. Baldwin and begged him to release Martin and hold Pow ley,’' Hnld Detective Norton to a re porter for The Now Deader. "They wept when he wept In court. I have never seen a court-room which con tained a larger number of good-look Ing women than were at the prelimi nary hearing In Boydton." HherlfT Beales, of Mecklenburg county has Just received a letter from Tennessee informing him that Percy Martin had served a term of three years in the penitentiary of that State. Martin has told a great deal more about hla family since the prelimi nary hearing. His wife was former ly Ml«s E. .1. Chambers, of Hunting ton, W Va He Is a son of B. J. Mar tin. an ox-Confederate soldier of At lanta, Oa. TODAY’S ^THOUGHT If It Is true, ns the Spanish adage hns It, that "Every man Is the son of his own words," how are your father and yourself getting along In the mnttor of advertising? Perhaps you can exchange It for something yon do want through a classified advertisement. Richter said that "a timid person Is frightened before a danger, a coward during the time, nnd a coura geous person afterward " The prop er time for a merchant to get seared about a store-crisis Is after It has | boon passed safely through a | "nervy" and courageous campaign of (advertising! 1 PRESIDENT ASKS CONGRESS TO ACT VERY QUICKLY. SPECULATIVE MINE CRAZE AN1> WHAT A CHICAGO IIANKKit MAYS OF ITS KXTKNT ANI) DANOKIt. At tho present time there is a great boom In mining storks. Men, women nml children nro Investing In the stock of some kind of mines, located somewhere, mining some thing, or promising to mine some thing some dny. As long as tho stocks of these small, almost un heard-of mines continue to rise and permit the owner to sell next week at a profit what he bought this wook. why should wo worry about whether his mine Ih located In the moon, or only In tho display type of a Sunday newspnpor? That most of these small Investors wilt come to grief Is a foro gono conclusion. This Is what com mon sense tells us. It Is what history teaches us. Tho extent of this mine ernzo Is equal, If it does not surpass the speculation of 10 or more yonrs ago In South Africa mint's, mid Icavt's the "John Law South Sea Hubble" In tho primary department. To Il lustrate, on November 3 tlioro wns sold on the curb of tho Now Yor\ stock oxehnngo over r.00,000 shares of three Bllvor stocks—Nipisslng, McKlnley-Dnrragh and Silver Queen Tho snlo In Hoatpn, Philadelphia, Denver anil Snn I< ranclsco also were enormous. One Philadelphia banker recently estimated that fully $50. 000.000 of Philadelphia money had been taken out of the banks for In vestment In mining shares in the last year. Ho ostlmntod Pitshurg was committed to $25,000,000, and other larger cities at from $5,000,000 to $10,000,000 each. Many bankers In New York, St. Honls, Chicago and clnowhero can give similar testlmom. The strain upon manufacturing, mercantile and other business Inter ests because of Insufficient funds and dea r money is everywhere apparent. Hanks will not loan on thso stocks, hence they must he bought outright. When the decline comes as It did a few years ago In Kngland, there will be a great disturbance In our finan cial centers. May who will surer from the decline In mining stocks are carrying other stocks. The; e latter will be sacrificed to protect mining investments, hence all stocks will decline more or less together._ Chicago Post. CARNEGIE SAYS TAX FORTUNES IV AltTK’I.KH rritl.|K|||;|> AritOHH TIIK I’ONI*. London, Jan. 14. - The Review of Rev lows prints a striking articles by Andrew Carnegin entitled “My Part ners, tbo people '* Mr. Carnegie; ex press the belief that a millionaire ought, to share his wealth with the poor, but with the limitation that his fe»rtune should not be divided before the millionaire's death Then the community should exact a large* share, grnduntod In Increasing pro portion to tho extent e»f the doad man's wealth. After advocating the British grad uated death duties as a basis fe»r dls distribution, Mr. Carnegie says: "Huch contributions from the* own ers of enormous fortunes at their death would do much to reconcile dissatisfied but fair minded people to tho alarming unequal distribution of wealth arising from the; new Indus trial conditions of our day. Wo shall ultimately have to consider the adoptiem of some such scbe*mes as a progressive tax on all fortunes be yond n certain amount, either given In life or bequeathed at ele-ath so thnt It will *t)n Imposlble for the owners of enejrnmus fortunes to hand on more than a certain amount of any Individual.” Mr. Carnegie humbly deprecates the claim of the merely wealthy te» fame. They have- no place with ed ucated men and they occupy a lower plane Intellectually. In the coming Jay brains will stand above dollars, and remduef above both The mak ing of memey as an aim will then be f rated as an Ignoble ambition How to minimize newspaper sen sationalism and eroticism during the Thaw murder trial Is a dlflcult. prob lem engaging tho carnost attention - " ----- —s of District Attorney Jerome and tho Judge who Is to preside over tho pro ceedings* Legitimate reporting has Hs proper place, but a limit Is soon reached, ns some other notablo mur der trials huve shown In recent times The Thaw case has excited «o much Interest far and wide thnt tho court room might easily bo flllod. to the exclusion of ©voryono else, by re portros special correspondents, "well known writers," "authors of Romo note." "specialists In phychology," color artlstH for tho ovoning odltlons, literary etchers from life, pencil ar tists, Htiup-shottors and photograph ers, representing newspnpers from every part of tho United Rtntos. Among this horde there would bo of course many far hotter qualities to try tho case than tho Judge and the Jury, and who would naturally be disappointed If they nro not per mitted to decide all the Issues. Just how Mr. Joromo and the Judge will deal with "publicity* at tho Thaw trlnl will bo ono of ItH Interesting aspects. MESSAGE TO BE COSTLY TO THE CHINESE Washington, Jan. 14.—Tho riots nt Llenchow, Clmn, on October, 1988, whch resulted In tho destruction of a mission and tho death of flvo Amer ican mlsHlonalroH, will coHt tho Gov ernment of* China about $80,000 One-half of this has already boon paid for tho loss of property and u llko amount will go to the fanmlloH of tho dead missionaries. Tho outlook was tho retuilt of Intorforcnco by tho missionaries with a colobratlon. Tho natlvos were about to flro a cannon near tho mission hospital. There has been a good deal of criticism over ftio fact that this Government would, miiko China pay an Indemnity. Rome of tho missionary Interests opposed tho step «,n the ground that mission aries did not. want blood money, for that Is what an Indemnity would ho In this caso. Tho Htnto Department, however, felt thnt tho best way to make the Chinese behave would be to show them how expensive it Is to kill Americans. THE CUBAN SITUATION Olvo Cuba a rest. Thoro 1h no nood now to Indulge In iHuudmlHtlc proph »*Hoh regarding whnft tho Cubans will do when tho republic In again set on Its foot. Affairs In the Island were prosperous and thoro was little sign of dlstifrbnnCo until the government In power lent Itself to tho promotion of an unfair election In order to keep in office. There Is no conclusive evi dence thnt the r<»sult of a fair elec tion would not have been Accepted and prosperity have continued. No pnrfy can be severely blamed for dis content when defeated by cheating. It Is tho fashion now to assert that the moderates will not submit If a fair election shows them to he in a minority. This Is equivalent to say big that they are loss faithful citizens than tho liberals. Porhnps thoy aro worse, hut wo shHil not tako It for granted In advance of a demonstra tion of the fact. The forebodings of some politicians who think they know it all deservn no serious con fidence at thla time. If wo ever havo to hold Cuba as a subject province It will he an ugly business and cost ly Ronton Herald. OUR POLITICAL PATRIOTS. Onggenholm, tho copprtr captain, wfro hns bought n soat In tJio United Staton Benato from tho legislature «»r Colorado, says ho In nrtiintod nol® ly by n denim to norvo tho public online In entering Congress John V. Drydon, who ban become n rnultl mllllonalre upon tho lapsed short term Insurance policies of tho poor and unfortunate, -and who thinks ho Is about to ho ro-elecbnd bo tho Henata t>y a corrupt majority of tho Now Jersey legislature, says tho same thing An long an there are nurh disinterested patriots the country Is safe.- Philadelphia Record. Z --y LOOKS BETTER. * The statement of the New York Clearing-house banks for the -pant week shows that the hanks hold $k, 010,700 more than the legnl rofiervo requirements. Thin Is an Increase of $M*2.X7r» as compared with the previous week. ♦ It may he that our winter: la yet to como. * / 4 . PRWIRRNT BAYS OOIjOHADO 1UV Fn 18 A MKNACK. BPECtAI* * MKSSAGK A8K8 Foil $2,. j 000,000 OIITIaAY. Tho President has mint to the House a message urging some ac tion by Congress toward romodytng tho situation oaus«id by the brtuUt In tho Colorado rlvor bank four miles bolow the International boundary lino in Mexico and which threatens the property Interests in tho Impe rial Valley of California. Tho Pres ident’s mossage contains s long re view of tho situation and says that prompt nctlon must bo taken, other wise conditions will become so ex treme as to bo Impracticable of rem edy. Probably with an expenditure of $2,000,000, he says, tho rlvor can bo rostored to Its formor channel and hold there Indefinitely. HOW NEW ZELAND WOMEN VOTE The men said tho women have no tably Improved political Ufa; It Is the cleaner and purer becauso of them. Women go to political meetings and rowdyism flees heforo them; candi dates are vory careful what they say and how thoy say It when thoy know women voterH are listening to thorn. Public ofllcora are more careful about tholr recordH, because It has boon found that women will not ovorlook things that the men pardon. As to public policies, tho women have steadily supported reform and tho now Ideas; thoy havo not cared whothor a thing was sanctioned by tho ages ho long as It was right and good. This Is what the men to^l me. Tho women said they had not found It nny more dreadful to go to a pol ling placo and vote thnn to go to a store and buy thread; they had never soon nor heard anything shocking nt a polling-place, but Invariably they had boon treated thoro with the great est respect. The men said that most of thorn did not know how tholr wives voted. As for letting tho soup burn and tho children go hungry and woman's sphere and nil that sort of things, tho Now Zelnndors despise nny such suggestions about their vo ting helpmntos. Thoy flay a woman can vote and understand perfectly what she Is voting about und be Just ns good a wife and mother as If sho never had an Idoa In her life about puddings: I don't know; I know I hnvo room a great many New Zealand households, and they Boomed exact ly ns well ordered, us bright, cheer ful. and happy as any other house holds anywhere on this celestial globe.—Everybody’s. HELPS GOVERN -MENT OWNERSHIP. We hnve hnd a long trial of the plan of letting tho railways conduct their business In their own way, and any unprejudiced person must ad mit that tho plnn Is a dead failure. Casualties are Increasing and aot diminishing The dangers of railway travel In tho United Rtatoe to-day are proven by statistics to he more se rious than ever before. Our Wall street rnllwny kings are Intent on deals and strategic moves, high fi nance and underground politics, but they are singularly blind to the fact that the reckless railroad operation of the day Is creating a strong body of public opinion In favor of govern ment ownership, which must be reck oned with In the near futuro.—En gineering News. SENTENCE OF SERMONS The life reflects tho loro, rent ness Is revealed In gentle nnsis K'very bouI olthor servos or shrinks Working for mon Is tho best way of waltlrf/< on Ood. This Ih a aad world to him who looks at It with our eyes. A man must bo judged not alone by his attainments, but by his Ideals The srrrmon of the Man Is might* ler than Ills on the mount. Kvery tJmo you do a worthy thing you make It easier for others to bo worthy. Man wns not made for the sake of morals, but morals for tho making of the perfect mnn Small wonder some go to heaven slowly when they nro crawling thorn as "worms of the dust."—Chicago Tribune. , I i.