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SEPTEMBER 29.1909. NEWBRIDGE OF THE t 4 M. ACROSS THE OHIO KI?ER AT POINT PLEESANT. BY J. A. STOCKKR. T1 rough the kindness of our friend, Mr. E. B. Thomas, the genial cleric of The Spencer Hotel, we reproduce the following article, from the En gineering News The Kanawha & Michigan Railway crosses the Ohio River at Point Pleas ant, W. Va., on a single-track bridge three-quarters of a mile long with a vertical clearance over the channel of 90 feet above low water. This bridge waff rebuilt during the past three years. The original bridge, built in 1882 4, consisted of a steel viaduct ap proach on the north end 930 ft. long, five Whipple truss spans over the river and * steel viaduct approach on the south end 1,516 ft. long. The greater portion of the latter was on a. 5 degree curve. The channel sp&C. ? was level, the four other nver spans were on a 0.5 per cent grade and both viaducts had li per cent grades reduced to l\ per cent on the 5 de gree curve. These grades have al-' ways required pusher service, three | engines being required to handle a train which one engine was able to handle elsewhere on the division, j When it became necessary therefore t to rebuild the bridge on account of j heavier train loads, it was decided to: relocate the line for three miles south of the bridge and obtain the standard gradient of the K. & M. 1 Ry. against northbound traffic, 0.3 compensated for curvature. The new bridge and south ap proach have been rebuilt on a 0.2 per cent grade. The north approach has been rebuilt on the original li per cent grade, but both masonry and steel work are so^esigned and built that t?e viadS&t may at any time be easily raised to the standard grade against southbound traffic, namely, 0.5 per cent. Span No. 1, the northerly span of the river bridge, has been built on the standard 0.5 per cent grade; No. 2 has been re built level; spans S, 4 and 5 were first rebuilt on the original 0.5 per cent grade and then were jacked up to the final 0.2 per cent grade when the south viaduct was rebuilt, a year afterward. The south viaduct and the revised approach location and grading were completed two months ago. The new river crossing, which uses the old piers, consists of five spans;' four Pratt trusses with inclined top , chord and one 415? foot Baltimore | truss. They were designed for a live-load of 5,000 lbs per lin. ft. plus j a concentration of 50,000 lbs., while \ vthe approach viaducts were designed 1 for 5,000 and 60,000 lbs. The old structure which the new bridge re places had been designed for two 81- j ton consolidation locomotives follow- j ed by 2,240 lbs. per lin. ft. The channel span (So. 2) was re built in the summer of 1907. The other spans were rebuilt (in the order Nos. 3, 4, 5, l) in 1908. All of the rebuilding was done on timber false work resting on piles. The false work was built, the floor of the bi idge wedged up on it, the old trusses taken down, the floor system ex changed panel by panel, and finally the new trusses erected and swung. While the new bridge affords the same clearance over the river that the old one had, it is so designed that it was necessary to cut down the piers by about eight feet. One-half mile north of the bridge the Kanawha & Michigan Ry. con nects with the Hocking V alley Ry. s by a Y. Between the legs of the \ is a plot of ground that was furnished with spur tracks and utilized for a material yard. All falsework and bridge material was handled from this yard. At times there were two work trains, one handling falsework material, the other handling bridge steel, moving back and forth between the material yard and the bridge on the main track,^besides the regular tiaffic amounting to about SO train movements during daylight ?hours. | It required considerable though tful , ness on the part of all concerned to i avoid serious entanglements and de ! l?.vs. Telephone connections be j tween the rard at Kanauga at the 1 Hocking Valley connection, the j bridge, Point Pleasant at the south end of the bridge, and Wagner yard a mile south of the bridge, furnished a ready means of communication be tween all busy points. As there were telegraph operators at Wagner, Point Pleasant and Kanauga, as well as a special operator out on the bridge, approaching trains were an ticipated and track cleared for them 1 when they came in sight, thus avoid ing stopping trains on the heavy ap proach gr?de. ? ? ? ? ? ? SOUTH VIADUCT. The replacement of the South via duct was the last picce of work un- ' dertaken because the interference of old and new viaducts made it neces sary to await the relocation and grad-' ing of the approach. The work was done in the springof 1905), being the third year of work on this bridge. The original viaduct had 600 ft. of tangent on a 1 i per cent grade and 916 ft. of 5 degrees curve on a ij per cent grade Spans 3, 4 and 5 of the river bridge, originally 0.5 per \ cent grade and to be changed to 0.2 were rebuilt on their origin! ' as already stated, and jacked up to final grade later when the South via duct was erected. As the revised alinement substi tutes a 2 deg. 30' curve for the 5 deg. curve in the old viaduct, and the P. C. is 143 ft. farther north, the new center line swings to the west of the old, then crosses at a very sharp angle and swings to the east. At the intersection of the old and new center lines the grades differ by 14 feet. The rebuilding of this viaduct under traffic was therefore a difficult matter. Two schemes were, proposed. The first lining the via-! duct to the west sufficiently- to clear I * the new one, except at the north I end, where a reverse curve would be needed to reach the river bridge, which would interfere somewhat with the new work. This scheme would necessitate handling all the traffic over the old viaduct on temporary foundation;, wifh excessive curvature and a li per cent grade, a difficult matter. The other scheme proposed was to build the South viaduct from the south end to the point of inter ference with the old one, and then throw down enough of the old one to allow the erection of six spans of the new work and at the same time line the remainder of the old viaduct to the line of the new and jack it up to the new grade. The latter scheme was adopted. It was carried out as follows: Operation I.?This comprised all the work that could be done without disturbing the old viaduct, and also i the work of installing the necessary blocking for jacking and shifting por tions of the old viaduct in the next operation. ; Falsework and blocking were dis tributed to the old viaduct between ; Old Bents 6 and 20, and needle ! beams consisting of 12-in. Sli-lb. | I-beams were threaded through the posts of each bent in this length to | give a hold for the jacks. At the same time the new viaduct ; was erected complete from its south ! erlv end to the N'ew Bent 26 (be tween Old 34-35) by derrick-car. ! Bent 26 could not be fully erected, ; because its west column fouled the train clearance on the old structure by nearly 2 feet. This column was set in an inclined position, the brac ing Jbeing left out, and the girder which should rest on it was set off line on blocking, ready to put the bent and span in final condition as soon as the old structure should eb abandoned. The portion just north of this, New Bents 16 to 26, which interfered with the old viaduct (Bents 20-33), was to be erected in one operation after throwing down the old work. As \ much of the bents was erected as could be without fouling the old work and the remaining material was placed alongside where it could be picked up and set by a derrick-car running on the viaduct. Bents 16 to 20 was to be skidded over in line with the new structure, to then be replaced span by span with new work. Together with the eleven spans lying just north, it was to be jacked up to a level connecting with the grade of the new structure, i Skid wavs and, blocking- were placed1 for this series of shifts before any part of the old structure was dis turbed. Operation 2.?Making a traffic con nection between the south half of the new viaduct and the north half of the old was the second operation. It comprised tearing out the sbort in terference section of the old work, bui.ding the new bents and spans in this section, jacking the northerly part of the old structure (Old Bents G to 20; to the proper line and grade and shifting Bents Id to 20 to the proper alinement. The railway company stopped op* crating trains over the old structure j at 10 p. m. Sunday, June 20, 1909. The bridge company's* forces imme diately began work tearing out the old structure where necessary and finishing the erection of the new towers 16 to 26 by derrick-car oper ating on the old structure. The work was lighted by arc lights and lan terns. At 4- a. m., June 21, the placing of the new girder spans was begun. There were forty of the rail road company's bridge men at the i jacks and fifty of the bridge com- J pany's men erecting steel. All day J long the work continued incessantly j until 6:30 p. in., at which time ten spans (*30 ft.) of new viaduct had. been built, 480 ft. of old viaduct had* been jacked up, a temporary con nection had been made between the old and new work and the track laid ready for trains. During the twenty hours that traffic over the viaduct was stopped, the K. & M. passenger trains were run from Point Pleasant to Clifton 1 (10 miles) over the B. & O. Rv., j and the passengers ferried across the Ohio River to the K. & M. Rv. at! Middle port, opposite Clifton. The entire work was done under the direction of Mr. Wm. Michel, Engineer of Maintenance-of-Way of the Hocking Valley Ry. and the Ohio Central Lines. The writer was in charge of work in the field. A GOOD THE AT NEW HAVEN. A good time, given The Lutheran Aid, at the home of Mrs. Seth Bum garner, a lady of more than three score and ten. The dinner she had prepared was of the kind that could not be surpassed, a large table per fectly full of the best eatables, and artistically arranged by the proficient Mrs. Seth Bumgarner. Say, it was not only one dish of fried chicken but a dish on ever}* side and corner, and the remainder of space was filled *'th fruits and jellies of many kinds, i Now we had eaten, as I thought and | felt, all we could. Right here, the j largest man at the table was seized | by two women and given a good ( shaking, then they grabed the larg- i est lady and shook her perfectly. 1 j then noticed several ladies busy at i another table loading dishes, don't you know that table was full of pies, cakes and fine jellies, to which we did ample jnsticc The last served was orange cider by Mrs. Zimmer man. 1 am not well educated, there fore, cannot justly describe the dinner. I know the meeting was a success and I will briefly express the desire of my heart. God be with you until we meet again. A VISITOR. your word and your word will keep you. It is better, to make a few mistakes than to do nothing at all. MAYOR WHITEN ISSUES A CLEAN DP PROCLAMATION. FOR FRIDAY. OCTOBER 1,1909. To the citizens of Point Pleasant: ) Whcrka*. Friday, October 1,1909,f has been designated by State Super intendent of Schools M. P. Shaw key, as "Clean up "and Beautify Day," at which time the people are' recommended to look after the bean-; tifying of their school houses and pounds, and other public properties; and it is also recommended that our j : citizens in general, give attention on ( that day to the cleaning up and. beautifying their lawns, and the; streets and alleys around their homes, and believing that the recommenda- ; tion made by the State Superintend-; ent is laudable one, and that the fol lowing out of the same will result in much comfort and good to our citi-; tens. Therefore, I recommend that said day be observed by the people of our town as "Clean up and Beautify Day," and that the yards, sidewalks ? and alley ways be made free from weeds and debris of all kinds. This ' recommendation, it seems comes to us at an opportune time, for we are to have many strangers and visitors in our midst during the Home Com-! ing Week from the 7th to the 10th of October, and to them our town ; should present a cheerful, healthful and inviting appearance. I also be lieve that this movement will result in much permanent good to the com munity in general if this day is proj> erly observed by our citizens. Given under my hand, this the 25th day of September, 1909. John L. Whit-ten, Mayor. SPOILS DAYS ARE OYER Bi WASHINGTON?WHAT PEO PLE ARE TALKING ABOUT. | Washington, D. C., Sept. 17.? j One would never know that there j had been a change in the administra tion by visiting the various Govern ment departments these days. W ith the exception of a tew new faces, the personnel is unchanged. 1 he small army of clerks attend to their rou tine duties as usual, feeling confident that as long as they do their duty they will not be disturbed. An old employe of the Treasury Department, in speaking of the prevailing tran quility in all the departments, re marked that he would give a good deal if he possessed a picture of the exoressions worn by the clerks when the announcement was made in 1885 , ?Cleveland's first administration?j that Eugene Higgins, of Baltimore, had been made appointment clerk of j the Treasury. "The idea formerly prevailed, and ! prevails now to a certain extent, j said he, "that the appointment clerk j of a department made all the appoint ments, removals, demotions and pro motions, and Mr. Higgins entered the Treasury firm in this belief. Every clerk and chief of a division went on the anxious bench. They didn't know what moment they would receive the deaded yellow en velope, and, hence, for nearly a year business in the department was con ducted under a strain. ?"Mr. Higgins was not appointed clerk many months before he learned that Secretary Manning made the ap pointments, and that his duties were to inform the secretary as to the ap plicants and the recommendations filed from Senators and Congressmen, indorsing the applicants for a posi tion. Had it not been for the posi tive stand taken by President Cleve land in favor of civil senice Mr. Hig gins no doubt would have removed many faithful employes simply be cause of politics. The civil service law had been in operation but little over two years and only a small per centage of the positions under the Treasury were in the classified ser vice. True, the office of appoint ment clerk existed before the pass j age of the Civil Service act, and an important position and the person holding it wielded a potent influence in the matter of appointments, which, as is known, art never made with out the approval of the. secretary. These spoil days are over and the best evidence of it is the number of' Democrats now in the departments who were appointed to office during | Mr. Cleveland's first and second ad ministrations."' No department of the Government is so close to the people as the Post office, and no Cabinet officer has so many letters addressed to him per sonally as has the Postmaster-Gener- j al. That official, however, does not receive all these letters in person, for the reason that they are opened by clerics and distributed to the four Assistant Postmaster-Generals. As may be well imagined, many humor ous and original letters arc received. A man was appointed postmaster in back woods of a Southern State, j some years ago, who waited for the mail sack to get filled before taking ( it to the train. It seems that no [ mail had been received from this place in question for three or four: days, and an inspector came to in vestigate. He found the postmaster attending to his business and also, discovered a large number of letters.j In reply to the inspector's query, the i postmaster said that he was waiting1 for the sack to get filled with mail, i This condition happened only once, j Ot>e of the familiar figures on the streets of Washington is ex-Senator Henry W. Blair, of New Hampshire. He has made Washington his home since his retirement from Congress. More than twent? years ago the name of Blair was a household word, especially in the South. He was talked of for President. His prom inence was due to a bill he intro duced in the Senate known from one end of the land to another as the Blair educational bill. Its purpose was to give Federal aid to the states to educate children. If passed it would have distributed millions of dollars among the states. Those in the South, by reason of a large amount of illiteracy existing among the colored population, would have received a large portion of Federal money.y The bill was extremely pop ular among a certain element in tile South, and was as bitterly fought by the state rights element. It passed the Senate by a safe majority three or four times, and was reported fav orably from the House Committee on Education, but the op|>osition to it by the leading Democratic members of the House was sufficient to prevent it ever reaching a vote in that body. Friends of the bill maintain that in the South, some such measure will yet be enacted into law. PERSONAL YEWS "Life is full of ups and downs," says the elevator conductor. "Life is a cell," sighs the long term prisoner. "Business is picking up," says the printer. "Appearances are deceitful,"' ad mits the ladies* tailor. "I have a preference for the short metre hymns," admits, the gas man. "Our policy is to take things light ly,"' says the coal man, and ice man nods assent. "Business is fare," says the con ductor. "The man who succeeds must take interest in life," says the money lender. "Business is pushing," says the banana pedler. "There is always room at uhe bot tom," says the well digger. "The tail goes with the soup," says the butcher. "I believe in the higher educa tion,"- says the aviator. "As the twig is used theyouth is in clined," says the school teacher. " 'Smoke up' is my motto," says the cigarmaker. NEW PUBLICATION VEST VffiGHA GEOLOGICAL VOLUME HO. I?. The West Virginia Geologic*) Survey has just iisued a most import ant volume pertaining to the miners] resources of the State. It is numbered Volume IV of the general series, and ? described as Mows: Volume IV. Iron Ores, Building Stones, and Other Minerals, SOS pages, cloth, just issued from the press at this date (September 25, 1909). This volume gives descriptions and analyses of all the principal Iron Ore deposits of the State, together with a history of the old charcoal furnace : industry. The main building ' of the State are also described elaborate tests of their strength and crushing limit made by the War De partment at the Watertown Arsenal, and also by the U. S. G. Survey Testing Laboratory at St. Louis, to Eether with chemical analyses, petro eraphic determinations, etc. The. Glass Sands are also described and analyses given. The Salt Industry and the different Brines of the Stat* are also fully described, and chemical analyses published. The report ii illustrated with 24 page plates, and 16 figures and maps and in the text, .bowing location of iron ores, geolog ical structures, illustrations of Blast Furnaces, etc. Price, postage paid by the Survey, $2.00 when ordered <eparatly, or $2.25 with Coal, Ort, Gas and Limestone Map. For other combinations at reduced rates includ ing all the remaining pnblications of the Survey write to the West Virginia ? Geological Survey, . Morgan town, W. Va. PIRATES WIN OUT THIS IS NOW PRACTICALLY AN AS SUMED FACT The flag question of 1309, as far as the National league is concerned, is settled. Pittsburg will fly the pennant, and the Pirates will enter into the richness of their reward without having to break their necks during the rest of the season. The three defeats handed the Cub* by the Giants on the Chicago grounds killed|all the chances Murphy's men had for a last rally, and the Pittsburg course from now till October will bf calm and unruffled. The Piratel need only to jig along, taking hal their games, and they cannot lose There is not one. chance in fifty for the Cubs to win all their remaining mills, or for the Pirates to lose half of their last battles. Nevertheless the Cubs will have some small measure of revenge. The Pirates will never get through the strain of five games with Xew York and three with Chicago hand running, but should receive a thorough trim ming. Between the Giants and the Cubs. Pittsburg is going to receive a terrific thrashing in the twilight of the campaign, but it will come too '*te?the lead the Pirates have now built up will carry them safely through. Had the Cubs managed tc clean up the Giants the chance of pulling Pittsburg down would have been a rosy one. but now it's a case of nothing doing. Even though defeated for the pen nant the Cubs are lucky enough to be heartily envied by every one who won't get a slice of extra coin in either of the big leagues. It is a moral certainty that a series between the Cubs and White Sox will draw ?. more money than the world's series will take in, and about twice as much ? ? would have been the ease if it had, i for the third time, been allotted to the Cubs and Tigers to fight for the final glory. The Cubs, in other words, cannot lose, so far as money is concerned, and it is all to their credit that they made so game a fight >| for the flag when they knew that their pocket would really be better filled by losing than by winning.